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Wildlife
Conservation
Efforts in India
Introduction
The Indian subcontinent boasts of
serving as the natural habitat of a
large and variedwildlife. The sub-
continent with it¶s varied
geographical spread from the
Himalayas inthe north to the
Cauvery basin in the south and
the Kutch region in the west to
theplains of Assam in East
present a diverse range of
environmental conditions for
some of the most magnificent as
well as the rarest wildlife species
of the world in India to exist.The
beauty and variety we see in the
jungles of India is difficult to be
expressed inwords and I bring
together the breadth through
pictures in this project . However,
thepast few decades have seen the
greed and negligence of human
beings working to thedetriment of
this rich wildlife. Large-scale
poaching, habitat destruction and
conflict withhumans have
resulted in a rapid decline in the
population of most of the wild
animalsand birds. Some animals
like the Indian cheetah due to this
are now extinct.Conservation of
Indian wildlife was not given the
requisite importance for a long
time.However, the government as
well as the people slowly and
gradually understood
their responsibility in this context.
Today, efforts are being made
towards wildlifeconservation in
India, to preserve this natural
wealth. Numerous wildlife
conservationprojects have been
undertaken in India, both at the
government as well as the
individuallevel, to protect the rich
wildlife of the subcontinent. The
private sector has also
startedstepping in as part of their
corporate social responsibility to
bring about this change
andincrease people¶s awareness.
The ³Save the Tiger´ campaign by
Aircelwhich isdiscussed here.I am
a wildlife fan and have been to a
fair number of national parks
around the country.In this project
I analyze the threat to wildlife in
India and then extensively report
theefforts of the government,
societies, groups and individuals.
Importance of
wildlife
conservation
D
ue to the growing impact of
deforestation, continuous efforts
are being made by someanxious
animal lovers to protect the
endangered species of wildlife as
well as those thatare on the verge
of extinction and thus save the
world from running out its
greenheritage. Wildlife is
important for four main reasons:
y

Beauty: Wild life provides


aesthetic value to man. By their
unique way of existence, wild
creatures exaggerate the natural
beauty of the earth.
y

Economic value: The financial


value of wild species is important
to theeconomies of several
nations, as it provides many
valuable substances like woodand
other plant products, fibers, meat
and other foods, and skins and
furs. Manywild plants provide
useful substances like timber,
paper, gums etc. And they
alsohave wide applications in
Ayurveda and other branches of
medicine.
y

Scientific value: Most important


contribution of wild life for
human progress isavailability of
large genepool for the scientists to
carry breeding programmes
inagriculture, animal husbandry
and fishery.By studying wildlife,
scientists havegained valuable
knowledge about various life
processes and
discoveredimportant medical
products
y

Survival value: To maintain


ecological 'balance of nature' and
maintain foodchain and nature
cycles.Wildlife helps in
maintaining the balanced living
systemsof earth, which
consequently ensures survival of
life.
y

Wild life of a country is its


cultural asset.
N
ational Parks
of India
The topography of Indian
subcontinent is so varied that it
supports a wide variety
of wildlife. There is a huge
population of animals as well as
birds living in the wild regionsof
the country. However, the threat
of poaching, along with habitat
loss, has led to arapid decline in
the population of wild animals.
To reverse this trend, numerous
nationalparks as well as wildlife
sanctuaries have been set up in
India. These parks andsanctuaries
are serving as the natural abode of
the majority of wildlife and
helping in theaugmentation of
their population. In the following
lines, I have covered some of
thefamous Indian national park
and wildlife sanctuary in India
and provided a list at thebottom
of the others covering most of
them :
Bandhavgarh National
ParkBandhavgarh National Park
is spread across the Vindhya hills
of Madhya Pradesh, over a
coverage area of approximately
437 sq km. The topography of the
park ischaracterized by sharp
ridges, surging forests and open
meadows.Bandipur National
ParkBandipur National Park is
situated at the confluence of
D
eccan Plateau and WesternGhat
Mountains. The wildlife park falls
under the Chamarajanagar district
of the South-Indian state of
Karnataka.Jim Corbett National
ParkJim Corbett National Park is
situated in the foothills of the
Himalayas and comes under the
state of Uttaranchal. The park was
established in the year 1936 and
at that point of time, it was known
as the Hailey National Park.
D
esert National Park is located in
the Jaisalmer city of Rajasthan.
Stretching in the Thar
D
esert, over an area of 3150 sq km,
the park serves as the perfect
example of itsecosystem.Gir
National ParkGir National Park,
established in the Junagarh
district of Gujarat, is spread over
an areaof 1412 sq km. The park
holds the distinction of being the
only natural habitat of
AsiaticLions in the whole
world.Manas National Park of
India boasts of amazing wildlife
as well as picturesque beauty.The
park is situated in the Kamrup
district of the northeastern state of
Assam.Periyar National Park lies
nestled in the Western Ghats,
falling in the Idukki district
of Kerala. The lake that
constitutes a major portion of the
park came into existence after
adam was constructed on the
Periyar River, in the year
1895.Sariska National Park lies
nestled in the Aravali Hill ranges
of Rajasthan. Sariska wasdeclared
as a wildlife sanctuary in the year
1958.Sultanpur Bird
SanctuarySultanpur National Park
falls under the Gurgaon district of
Haryana. It is situated on
theGurgaon-Farukh Nagar Road,
at a distance of 15 km from
Gurgaon.Sundarbans National
ParkSundarbans National Park
forms a part of the largest delta
created by the Ganga
andBrahmaputra Rivers. Its core
area is made up of the largest
mangrove forest in theworld.
Wildlife Conservation Efforts in India
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Hemant Kandoileft a comment
great work!!!
05 / 02 / 2011

Prajwal Naikleft a comment


very nice
04 / 19 / 2011
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