Santos, Sao Paulo

21.10.2010
Carlos Leite : Cities of the Future
megacities sustainable visions sao paulo strategies
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(urban age/LSE/2008)
(urban population, urban age, LSE, 2008)
megacities explosion
megacities growth per hour (urban age/LSE/2008)
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cities:
< 3% of the planet’s surface
= 50% population
> 75% energy
> 80% gas emissions
(clinton climate iniciative, 2009)
40 megaregions are the drivers
of world economy:
1/5 of the population
2/3 of the gnp
> 85% of the innovation
(richard florida, 2007)
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explosion of innequality
(gini index per megacities)
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planet-slum
>2 billion persons
>25
%
growth per
year
(mike davis, plantet slum, 2005)
new york beijing
tokyo sao paulo
unsustainable development
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unsustainable development
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sao paulo: sprawl over environment protected territory
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unsustainable development
mexico city: mass housing
CIDADE
BRUCE MAU & THE INSTITUTE WITHOUT BOUNDARIES
unsustainable development
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american beauty model: 25 hab/ha: 7 planets needed
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unsustainable development
caracas: segregated territory
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unsustainable development
sao paulo: territorial segregation
unsustainable development
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beijing: new (!) cities
sao paulo
megacity:
expansion +
exhaustion
population: +27.000% in 100 yeas
territory: +40.000% in 100 years
POPULATION (METROPOLITAN) 19.8 MILLION (3
RD
IN THE WORLD)
METROPOTITAN REGION AREA 3,120
SQ MILES
(8,100
KM2
) (= LEBANON)
DENSITY 6,400
P/SQ MILES
(2,300
P/KM2
) (2X NEW YORK)
GDP US$ 381 BILLION (= AUSTRIA)
GDP/PERSON US$ 19,050 (= SOUTH KOREA)
IDH 0,828 (HIGH)* (= ESLOVENIA)
SLUMS POPULATION 4 MILLION (20%)
ENERGY GENERATION 100% RENEWABLE (HYDROPOWER+WASTE)
CLIMATE CHANGE POLICY SINCE 2009 2005-2012 30% GHG EMISS. REDUC.
METRO NETWORK 64 KM (3.4 MILLION PASS. DAILY)
NUMBER OF CARS 7 MILLIONS (1,000 NEW EACH DAY)
HEADQUARTER MORE AMERICAN COMPANIES AMONG ANY OTHER CITY OUTSIDE US
THE MOST CROWDED AIR SPACE IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE
HIGHEST PER CAPITA HELICOPTER OWNERSHIP
Sustainable
Urban Future :
Visions
Top Challenges:
Mobility Housing
Environmental Issues
Exclusion Governance
Massive Change:
We could create sustainable city development through a
network of well connected compact nucleus
Compact, dense and mixed-use city cores would be connected by an
efficient mobility system: efficient collective transportation; efficient
urban design that encourages walking and cycling; efficient new forms of
individual transportation.
Compact city model optimizes the use of urban infrastructure and
promote greater sustainability - energy efficiency, better use of water
resources and reduce pollution. Dwellers has increased opportunities for 
interaction and improved the sense of public safety, since it sets up the
best sense of community (proximity; mixed uses; collective use spaces).
Lord Richard Rogers, Urban Task Force; Smart Growth movement/EPA
O ELEMENTO ESTRUTURADOR: MARQUISE LINEAR/EIXO INFRAESTRUTURAL
☛ CONFIGURA A NOVA CENTRALIDADE NA DIAGONAL SUL
☛ CONECTA AS ESTAÇOES (TREM, METRO E VLP)
☛ ESTRUTURA A VERTICALIZAÇÃO (BARRAS DE SERVICOS/200m ALTURA)
☛ ESTRURA AS TRANSPOSICOES E CONCEXOES TRANSVERSAIS (FERROVIA E RIO)
☛ ORGANIZA AS INFRAESTRUTURAS URBANAS E OS NOVOS ESPAÇOS PUBLICOS:
parque linear/verdes/aguas/ciclovias/comercio/lazer/shopping mall
☛ A DIAGONAL SUL GANHA UMA NOVA AV. PAULISTA:
mesma dimensao/4 km de eixo de vida urbana
23
COMPACTING THE CITY BY FILLING THE VOIDS REDEVELOPMENT AREAS
(Sao Paulo Diagonal Sul territory, Carlos Leite & Team, Urban Age/LSE, 2009)
COMPACTING THE CITY BY FILLING THE VOIDS: REDEVELOPMENT AREAS
(Sao Paulo Diagonal Sul territory, Carlos Leite & Team:, Urban Age/LSE, 2009)
Massive Change:
We could connect downtown densification and urban
sprawl with Social Housing
Repopulating downtown through the reactivation of existing
empty buildings and stopping periphery sprawling over
protected environment (green+water).
“The lack of an integrated system of property right makes it
impossible for the poor to leverage their informal ownerships
into capital, which would form the basis for entrepreneurship.”
Hernando de Soto, Peruvian economist, Institute for Liberty and Democracy
Massive Change:
We could connect downtown densification and urban
sprawl with Social Housing
SAO PAULO SPRAWLING AT GURAPIRANGA RESERVOIR
AREA: INFORMAL/ILEGAL SLUMS OVER PROTECTED
ENVIRONMENTS
PORTLAND REINVENTED ITSELF AND EMERGED AS #1 US
GREENER CITY BY DENSIFIYNG ITS DOWNTOWN
Massive Change:
We could imagine the city for people and not for cars
Leaving more street space for people will improve
liveable and sustainable cities, so the challenge for
future urban mobility is using less space.
“The radical success of the car has brought about its
failure: all world embraced traffic. New personal
mobility projects should deliver maximum freedom
woth minimal impact in cities.”
Bruce Mau, Institute without Boundaries
Massive Change:
We could imagine the city for people and not for cars
CHINA “NEW” TOWNS: MORE OF THE SAME OLD WAY
NYC “NEW” TOWN: ABANDONED ELEVATED HIGHWAY
CONVERTED INTO A NEW CITY PARK
Massive Change:
We could go beyond governments’
This is the century of the city. Citizens are creating
new forms of city management. Replicating good
practices. NGOs’. Networks. Wiki. Sharing.
City Information Centers.
Massive Change:
We could go beyond governments’
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a worldwide investigation into the future of cities
Urban Age’s
principal aim is to shape the thinking and
practice of urban leaders and sustainable
urban development. Initiated by the Cities
Programme at the London School of
Economics and Political Science and
Deutsche Bank’s Alfred Herrhausen
Society, Urban Age is structured around
international and multidisciplinary events
and research supporting the creation of a
new urban agenda for global cities. The
Urban Age agenda links the physical to the
economic, environmental and social,
providing urbanists with the tools to apply,
tailor and refine innovation.
22 @ Barcelona
The complexity of the
transformation and the wish for
creating tools that fit into the
different existent realities and final
needs triggered the definition of a
flexible system of derived approach
by means of different Special Plans:
Transformation actions of
predetermined areas that are
directly promoted by the City
Council.
Massive Change:
We could go beyond governments’
cidade emformation Centre (CIC)
is the place to be for everyone who
wants to know more about construction,
habitação, urban development and
architecture em Rotterdam. The large
model of the Rotterdam cidade centre,
for example, shows what is planned for
the comemg anos. Brochures are
available on the various new buildemg
projects, emcludemg many unusual
high-rise projects. The CIC is also a good
place for emformation about existemg
buildemgs and an extensive selection of
self-guided walkemg tours. The CIC
regularly organises events on a theme
with lectures, excursions and
exhibitions.
CITY INFORMATION
CENTER ROTTERDAM
Massive Change:
We could think the city as an intelligent system of
systems
Making cities more instrumented, interconnected and
intelligently managing land information 
and efficiently operating systems which mitigates
waste planet's resources
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CITY-CAR + MOBILITY-ON-DEMAND = SMART MOBILITY + SMART CITY (MIT Smart Cities Lab)
Massive Change:
We could think the city as an intelligent system of
systems
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want t be susta|nab|e! L|ve |n a b|g c|tv!
Santos, Sao Paulo
21.10.2010
Carlos Leite
Carlos Leite is an Architect and Urbanist with a Master and PhD in Urban Design from the University of Sao Paulo and a
Posdoc from California Polytechnic State University where he was a Visiting Professor. He is Professor at the School of
Architecture and Planning, Mackenzie Presbyterian University, Sao Paulo and has been a visiting professor and lecturer
at different schools in California, Canada, Barcelona and the Netherlands, as well as at MBA Curses in Environmental
Management at Fundação Dom Cabral. He also works as a Sustainable Development and Design consultant. His
professional focus is on Sustainable City challenges.
Blog Cidades Sustentaveis+Inteligentes (www.cidadesinteligentes.blogspot.com)
Stuchi & Leite Projetos (www.stuchileite.com)
carlos@stuchileite.com
Santos, Sao Paulo
21.10.2010
Carlos Leite : Cities of the Future
megacities sustainable visions sao paulo strategies

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