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Driver ZVS

Um "driver ZVS" é um circuito muito simples que pode oscilar uma grande quantidade de
energia com cerca de 90% de e ciência. À direita existe uma versão simpli cada do oscilador,
então dê uma boa olhada!

Quando a energia é aplicada a + V, a corrente começa a uir pelos dois lados do primário e
pelos drenos dos mosfets. Simultaneamente, essa tensão aparece nos dois portões dos mosfets
e começa a ligá-los. Como não há dois componentes exatamente iguais, um mosfet liga um
pouco mais rápido que o outro e mais corrente pode uir através desse feto. A corrente extra
que ui nesse lado do primário rouba a corrente do portão do outro feto e começa a desligá-lo.
Um condensador forma um tanque de LC com o primário e a tensão passa a subir e descer
sinusoidalmente. Se não fosse por esse capacitor, a corrente continuaria aumentando até o
núcleo do transformador saturar e os mosfets explodirem.

Imagine que o primeiro trimestre foi o primeiro a ligar. A voltagem no ponto Y estará próxima
ao solo, enquanto a voltagem em Z sobe para um pico e diminui à medida que o tanque de LC
passa por meio ciclo. À medida que a tensão em Z passa por zero, a corrente do portão para Q1
é removida e o mosfet é desligado. Agora, a tensão no ponto Y começa a subir e o Q2 é ativado.
Esse mosfet prende a tensão de Z ao terra; algo que garante que o Q1 permaneça desligado.
Esse mesmo processo se repete para o segundo trimestre completar o outro meio ciclo e o
oscilador continua o ciclo. Para impedir que o oscilador puxe enormes correntes de pico e
exploda, L1 é adicionado em série com + V como estrangulador. A impedância do LC é o que
limita a corrente real (o afogador apenas mitiga os picos de corrente).

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Um olho atento perceberá que este oscilador é comutação de tensão zero (ZVS), o que signi ca
que os mosfets alternam quando têm zero volts através deles. Isso é bom porque permite que
os mosfets alternem quando estão carregando menos energia; algo que na maioria das vezes
elimina as perdas de comutação que geram grandes quantidades de calor. Isso signi ca que
apenas pequenos dissipadores de calor são necessários, mesmo quando oscilando 1000 watts!

Sendo um oscilador ressonante, a frequência em que os labirintos operam é determinada pela


indutância da bobina primária do transformador e do capacitor. Você pode usar a seguinte
fórmula para descobrir isso:

f  = 1 / (2π * √ [ L  *  C]  )

f   é a frequência em Hertz
L é a indutância do primário em Henries
C é a capacitância do capacitor em Farads

Agora, na realidade, os mosfets são componentes bastante frágeis e se os portões estiverem a


+/- mais de 30 V da fonte, os mosfets serão destruídos ou pelo menos degradados
signi cativamente. Para evitar que esse cenário ocorra, precisaremos de proteção de porta;
algo facilmente adicionado com alguns componentes extras. Veja o esquema à direita.

• Os resistores de 470 ohm limitam a corrente que carrega os portões, pois muita corrente de
portão pode causar danos.
• Os resistores de 10K puxam os portões para o chão para evitar travamentos; um processo no
qual o mosfet ca preso.
• Os diodos Zener impedem que a tensão da porta exceda 12, 15 ou 18V, dependendo dos
zeners que você usa.
• Os diodos do UF4007 puxam os portões para o chão quando a tensão na perna oposta do
tanque está no chão.

Pode-se notar que, em vez de carregar os portões com o tanque de LC, estamos usando + V
para carregá-los e estamos usando o tanque de LC para descarregá-los através dos diodos
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ultra-rápidos. Isso melhora o desempenho geral do circuito.

O esquema a seguir foi muito fácil de entender, espero que você goste.

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25/07/2020 ZVS Driver | Adam Munich

responsible for turning off the gates fail to fully do so, and the oscillation stops with one mosfet
left on. That’s essentially a short circuit so the mosfet responds with suicide. To anyone who is
reading this article, I propose to you a challenge: x this problem. First one to do so will receive
a present. I don’t know what but it’ll be something. Neon John attempted a x, but it’s still
pretty unreliable…

UPDATE: I partially solved the problem by placing a 0.5 ohm wirewound resistor in series with
the lter inductor. Now things don’t explode if the load inductance plummets. Still asplodes
when VCC>70V though. ∎

December 26, 2010 In Interesting Pages

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52 Comments

Andrew Borg
JANUARY 24, 2012

Sir I’ve built this circuit and it gives really large sparks. I would like to lessen it’s
voltage out around 1kv. Is this possible cause I need this driver for another
project?.
Thanks for the info.
Andrew.

REPLY

amz
JANUARY 27, 2012

At 60V supply the Vdss of IRFP260N will be near the 200V breakdown limit.
So exceeding the 60V supply voltage limit the Vdss go over the 200V maximum
and the mosfet will be damaged.
amz.

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25/07/2020 ZVS Driver | Adam Munich
REPLY

Craig
FEBRUARY 10, 2012

You might x this Mazzelli converter by adding two small signal transistors and
three resistors to each mosfet’s drive circuit.

Connect an npn transistor with its collector to the gate of the mosfet and its
emitter to the source. Then connect a pnp transistor with it’s emitter to the
gate of the mosfet and its collector connected to the base of the npn though a
resistor. Connect a resistor from the gate of the mosfet to the base of the pnp
and another resistor from the base of the pnp to the anode of the diode.

What happens… the cathode of the diode goes low and it pulls the base of the
pnp down causing it to conduct which turns the npn on clamping the mosfet
gate to source.

The problem is the combined forward drop of the diode plus the voltage drop
across the mosfet’s Rdson on isn’t low enough to reliably keep opposite mosfet
off. The npn transistor clamps the mosfet off effectively.

Also connect the two 470 Ohm resistors to a regulated voltage. The zener
current climbing as V+ is cranked up isn’t helping.

REPLY


Adam
FEBRUARY 14, 2012

I’ve tried that before, unfortunately it didn’t work.

REPLY

Craig
FEBRUARY 10, 2012

It might help to make the inductor at least 4 times larger than the primary
inductance of the transformer and use a freewheeling diode. Connect the
diode’s cathode to the V+ side of the inductor and connect the diode’s anode to
ground. The diode should be rated to carry the input current. A large bypass
capacitor in parallel with the diode is a good idea too.

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25/07/2020 ZVS Driver | Adam Munich
REPLY

some one
FEBRUARY 14, 2012

what is the yoscillator’s frequency that one of second circuit

REPLY


Adam
FEBRUARY 14, 2012

The one featured here resonates at 75 kilocycles or thereabouts.

REPLY

Andrew
FEBRUARY 17, 2012

Hi is it possible to build a PWM to change frequency on this ZVS driver? Any


schematics please?
Thanks

REPLY


Adam
FEBRUARY 17, 2012

Unfortunately no. You can’t PWM a resonant circuit like this one.

REPLY

Mr. Plasma-CRAZY
JULY 4, 2013

One way to x the circuit is the get better MOSFETS with a higher voltage and
current rating upgrade to 1 watt 15 volt Zener diodes and get faster, higher
voltage rated diodes. And lastly upgrade to 5 watt 470 ohm resistors

REPLY

Andrew
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25/07/2020 ZVS Driver | Adam Munich
JULY 8, 2013

Can I change the frequency on this driver? If yes what should I do?
Thanks

REPLY

Henry O'Keeffe
JUNE 28, 2014

Changing the inductance of the coil or the capacitance of the resonant


capacitor(s) will change the frequency. See the main page for the formula,
but basically the lower the capacitance or the lower the inductance the
higher the frequency.

REPLY

Dare Diamond
JANUARY 12, 2019

Hello Henry, Good morning.

Please mine drive.with a 7nf Ceramic Capacitor generates 600khz.


I would sure like to know a way to calculate the Frequency
determinant parameters like the inductance and capacitance.

So please where do I go to get that.

P.S: This circuit can be turned into a Self-Powered one provided


resonance is introduced to the Secodary.

REPLY

kumail
JULY 19, 2013

thank you for the circuit its very good but i have a problem i kill the power
supply its 12V 8A

REPLY

Felix
JULY 29, 2013

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25/07/2020 ZVS Driver | Adam Munich

I’ve recently taken to experimenting with yback transformers because of my


interest in lightning and other natural phenomena. The website link that I
posted will show a circuit that is designed to provide a sort of pulse width
modulation. The tuning effects are interesting, however, the site that this circuit
came from is inoperable at present and so the corona demo (along with sound
effects) is not available. I have just recently built the ZVS driver that is
described here after winding my own yback for the cause. This was a fun
project and I want to thank you for taking the time to make this an informative
and interesting project. Having “cut my teeth” thus far I plan to revisit this PWM
design. Any comments appreciated…thanks.

REPLY

Evan T St. Mars


NOVEMBER 21, 2019

Hey felix I would love to wind my own yback but i dont know which
ferrite cores to get and how to wind .. Im trying to produce 15kv for a
cockroft – walton multiplier i am building .. any help would be
appreciated byu anyone who know s anything thank you ..

Evan
xeller8u@gmail.com

REPLY

boogy-man
SEPTEMBER 16, 2013

try to use other mosfet transistors and parallel them about 2*10pcs irfp460n
and better gate drivers with separated 15v supply voltage and try to slowly
increase supply voltage to less then 1/3 max rated voltage of mosfet transistors
used and not to forget to rst powerup gatedrivers and then apply and slowly
increase suply voltage to the inverter

REPLY

boogy-man
SEPTEMBER 16, 2013

and this particular inverter dos not like sudden load changes

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REPLY

ScottM
OCTOBER 29, 2013

SO, explain this to me. I’m in the process of building this but I can’t possibly see
how it won’t catch re. I’m using a small, 12v lead-acid battery and other parts
are as spec’d, but the resistance of the mosfet when on is tiny, and the
resistance of the choke plus the 5 loops of wire wrapped around a ferrite core is
also tiny. At the moment the mosfet is fully on, I have trouble believing the total
resistance seen by the battery is going to be much over 0.1 ohms, giving a peak
amperage of 120A. Why don’t the wires melt and the mosfets explode? Insight
welcome.

What I need is a bright, hot noisy spark that can bridge about 1/2″, and run
more or less continuously without melting down, from a 12v battery and a
portable circuit. I’m hoping this circuit it is, but suggestions are welcome.

REPLY


Adam
NOVEMBER 5, 2013

The DC resistance is very low, but the AC impedance can be whatever


you desire.

This is good :-)

REPLY

fuqthegovt
APRIL 29, 2014

z = 6.28fL. DC resistance is practically 0 but at the resonant frequency


AC far from that. With 47uH and .68 uF = 28,166Hz = 9 ohms = 36v/4A.

REPLY

Al
DECEMBER 3, 2013

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25/07/2020 ZVS Driver | Adam Munich

I, think, you can x problem running in 70 volts using not 470 omh resistors, but
about 3 kiloomhs. And using not 10 kiloom resistors, but 20-30 kiloomh. On 13-
19 volts I try succesful with 1 kiloomh resistors 5 W (not 470 omh) and with 5
kiloom resistors betwen gate and sorce (not 10 kiloomh). (Zener I use 16 volts.
Mosftes that use, I now not remeber.)

REPLY

fernando
DECEMBER 12, 2013

Hello
Thank you for this beautiful article. I’d like to know which has been your
minimum limits in capacitance to try to reach the maximum frequency on this
circuit?
Thank you in advance for any answer

REPLY


Adam
DECEMBER 14, 2013

It keels over at about 400kHz.

REPLY

Paul Roy
JANUARY 9, 2014

Thank for this article, but I’d like to nd the smallest capacitor used
in other experiments with this circuit, I’m interested in obtaining
close to the mentioned frequency here.

REPLY

Mars
DECEMBER 22, 2013

Hi,

Beautiful circuit. Thanks for this article.


I wonder if it would be possible to adapt this circuit like a Meisner circuit, where

https://adammunich.com/zvs-driver/ 11/19
25/07/2020 ZVS Driver | Adam Munich

the load, say a battery and it’s capacitance provides the feedback to switch the
fets?

REPLY

alex
JANUARY 12, 2014

Hello
Tryig to build this circuit I was looking for the capacitor mentioned here and
comparing the picture of the one shown with http://www.ebay.ca/itm/6d-12-
PCS-lot-Capacitor-0-47uf-1kV-1000V-MKP-A-R76-/350970844580?
pt=Vintage_Electronics_R2&hash=item51b77e15a4 I noticed that here was
used a big one.

Could somebody explain to me why please?


Thank you and great circuit.

REPLY

Al
FEBRUARY 4, 2014

At 70 volts you need good cooling of the mosfets and instead 470 ohm
resistors, you must use 3-4 kilo-ohm resistors.

REPLY

poteto
MARCH 6, 2014

Why can you substitute IRFP260N elsewhere?

REPLY


Adam
MARCH 6, 2014

Poteto, any mosfet with a BVDS > 200V should do. It does not need to be
an IRFP260N.

REPLY

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25/07/2020 ZVS Driver | Adam Munich

Vick
MARCH 15, 2014

Is there anything special about the 47 – 200 uH inductor? Just needs to match
up with the current draw? And the current draw depends largely on the
inductance of the primary coil and size of the capacitor?

REPLY


Adam
MARCH 17, 2014

It’s a low pass lter to keep peak currents low, nothing special there.

REPLY

Vick
MARCH 21, 2014

I’m thinking of using this as the power supply for a 40 kV Cockroft-Walton


voltage multiplier, that’s going to be driving a pulsed DC load, with time average
power of about 14 – 30 W. Is there anything I should worry about when running
a yback at such low loads? Peak output current of about 5-20 mA, but as it
charges my pulse capacitor, it naturally drops off.

REPLY


Adam
MARCH 23, 2014

Certainly not; these transformers after all were designed to run at about
30W. This mazilli circuit pushes them much further than that, however.

REPLY

Henry O'Keeffe
JUNE 28, 2014

One potential problem with this is that all modern yback transformers
have a built in half-wave rectifying diode and output DC, the best way to
get AC is to make your own yback transformer (that’s what I did)

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25/07/2020 ZVS Driver | Adam Munich
REPLY

Vick
JULY 6, 2014

I was actually going to buy one from Information Unlimited


(www.amazing1.com) that didn’t have the built in recti er. I’ve just
been reading from some other sources that a Mazilli driver is a bad
supply to use for capacitor charging because the leakage
inductance heats the ferrite core of the yback too much. Didn’t
know if it was worth worrying about of if it’s just random internet
people talking.

REPLY

John
MARCH 24, 2014

Can I substitute GP15D diodes for the UF4007’s. The GP15D has a
Vrrm=200V, If=1.5A and trr=3.5uS. I dont expect to run the ZVS at more than
48V supply.

John.

REPLY


Adam
MARCH 24, 2014

(3.5 microseconds)^-1 = 285kHz, so as long as you stay under 30kHz or


so, they should work.

A good rule of thumb is to never have the diode recovery exceed 10% of
your switching time.

REPLY

Al
MARCH 26, 2014

“The mazilli oscillator has one fatal aw: it likes to explode above 70V. 60V, does
well, 70 is meh… 80 KABLOOEY. The problem is above 70V the powers tend to

https://adammunich.com/zvs-driver/ 14/19
25/07/2020 ZVS Driver | Adam Munich

be so high that the diodes responsible for turning off the gates fail to fully do so,
and the oscillation stops with one mosfet left on. That’s essentially a short
circuit so the mosfet responds with suicide. To anyone who is reading this
article, I propose to you a challenge: x this problem.”
http://www.speedyshare.com/KP4PW/colored-schem80volts.png click on
colored schem80volts.png

REPLY

Bob
SEPTEMBER 24, 2014

Hi Adam,
I’ve had something odd happen and was wondering of you could help explain it.

I was running my ZVS circuit @ ~56V (My PSU is a couple of “large”


transformers in series with a bridge and a about 1,500uF lter capacitance,the
open voltage is 87V but I’m overloading the transformers.)

Anyway, I was playing around with a fairly messy setup with long leads from the
ZVS to the yback windings and was running the yback open (In a plastic
container under oil.) both leads had little .5-.75″ hissing streamers when there
was a “spraying” discharge from the HV output lead through the container to
one of the primary coil leads, this has damaged the circuit or yback and now
the output is producing what looks like Tesla coil streamers that are ~3″ long
and have a low frequency hum, both MOSFETs get hot quick, one more than the
other (The one that got zapped.) and when they do the streamers shrink but if I
run a high ow fan on them I can run it for few sec. at a time.

My question is, what is happened to cause this really cool output?

Here is a link to a video of it in action: http://youtu.be/Q_gsenpwsVs

REPLY


Adam
SEPTEMBER 25, 2014

You must have shorted the diode in the transformer. Those are AC
discharges.

REPLY

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25/07/2020 ZVS Driver | Adam Munich

Devido a um pouco de magia negra conhecida como aumento de ressonância, a tensão no


tanque de LC será de cerca de pi * vcc, portanto, você precisará garantir que seus mosfets
possam suportar essa tensão. Uma boa regra é usar mosfets classi cados com 4x a voltagem
que você planeja alimentar o oscilador e o IRFP250 ou melhor. O IRFP260 é um bom mosfet
para a tarefa. Você precisará de alguns dissipadores de calor para os mosfets, mas eles não
precisam ser grandes. Eles não devem ser colocados no mesmo dissipador de calor, a menos
que almofadas isolantes sejam usadas, pois a parte traseira do mosfet não é eletricamente
isolada (está conectada ao dreno). Também não se esqueça de usar a proteção térmica ao
conectar um dissipador de calor, caso contrário a transferência térmica será uma porcaria. 

O capacitor deve ser bom, uma tampa MKP, mica ou Mylar é uma boa opção. Não use uma
tampa eletrolítica, ela sem dúvida explodirá. Os dois enrolamentos primários também devem
ser enrolados na mesma direção, caso contrário o oscilador não funcionará. O oscilador
também não funcionará se não houver folga de ar no núcleo do transformador, portanto,
veri que sempre se existe algum.

Abaixo está um vídeo do youtube do oscilador alimentando um transformador yback em 12,


24 e 36V. Pule para 0:47 para os 36V se estiver impaciente.

ZVS Driver

Problemas com o circuito


The oscillator has one fatal aw: it likes to explode above 70V. 60V, does well, 70 is meh… 80
KABLOOEY. The problem is above 70V the powers tend to be so high that the diodes

https://adammunich.com/zvs-driver/ 4/19
25/07/2020 ZVS Driver | Adam Munich

Choi
NOVEMBER 18, 2014

I made 110volt(rms) zvs oscillator for my induction heater.


the circuit is similar, but i used larger mosfets, two 5watt zener diodes
and some power supply bypass capacitors
your circuit has inductor to block rf signal
but it is not enough to block all rf,
because ferrite core easily saturated and lose its inductance at high current.
rf signal in power line cause improper voltages on mosfet gate.
so i add two parallel 200v 100uf capacitor with 630v 1uf mylar for bypassing it.

REPLY

Murray
NOVEMBER 19, 2014

Thanks for the nice explanation. I am wanting to use this circuit to drive a mini
induction heater where the work coil is only about 5mm diameter. I estimate its
inductance to be about 0.25uH. I was planning on using a modi cation of the
circuit I saw in which the center tapped coil is replaced with a non-center
tapped coil and two choke inductors were used one to feed the each side of the
coil. However I am skeptical that this would work based on the explanation
given here. Is there a way to have the work coil not neter tapped – its pretty
hard in my set up to amke the work coil center tapped?

REPLY

Jerry
DECEMBER 20, 2014

Will using normal 9 V batteries work? What about a DC power supply?


Will using RU2 instead of UF4007 make a difference? It’s reverse recovery time
is 0.12 microseconds.
Thanks.

REPLY

Mads Barnkob
FEBRUARY 17, 2015

https://adammunich.com/zvs-driver/ 16/19
25/07/2020 ZVS Driver | Adam Munich

Hi Jerry

9V batteries does not have the power to supply this circuit.

Kind regards
Mads

REPLY

Lazar
MAY 29, 2019

If you want to by ZVS Driver for Flyback transformer, here is some good
website selling only them: https://sites.google.com/view/samo-jakov/почетна

REPLY

Anuj Kumar
JUNE 12, 2019

Hi! i tried the circuit and it worked properly but after three to four tests
MOSFET got burnt. I tried to gure out the problem and its possible solution.
possible solution-
1. use multiple strand copper wires in heating coil as well as for connecting it
to the capacitor bank.
2. adjust damping factor of the oscillator circuit so that the second trough of
underdamped response curve touches the zero level.
3. design a circuit that clamps the voltage to zero after each half cycle of the
oscillator.
I tried this and got the result. Now my circuit works properly without getting
burnt.
Note- I have arrived at the solution by analyzing the problem mathematically
and I have detailed solution to the problem. If you want the solution you can
contact me through my e-mail – anuj.kumarintern123@gmail.com

REPLY

Anuj Kumar
JUNE 12, 2019

you can also nd the detailed mathematical solution from the link –
https://drive.google.com/ le/d/1Tn8ZH06v55OMNsjWG0b4PQe8_E7-
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25/07/2020 ZVS Driver | Adam Munich

9kZb/view?usp=drivesdk

REPLY

Anuj Kumar
JUNE 13, 2019

you mentioned that after connecting a resistance of 0.5 ohm your circuit
MOSFETs don’t explode. Actually the value of resistance depends upon the
MOSFET cutoff voltage and the applied voltage. I tried to derive a
mathematical expression for the value of resistance that should be connected,
as the function of applied voltage. you can view the expression from the link
below-
https://drive.google.com/ le/d/1_qDiVZYIyXq5Xlga2U5KbEBK3fZxPEEv/view?
usp=drivesdk

REPLY

Ady
NOVEMBER 17, 2019

I need this oscillator to output 40khz at about 300V … is this acheivable only by
reducing the input voltage?

REPLY


Adam
NOVEMBER 17, 2019

Yes, just make sure your transformer’s turns ratio is not too high and it
should be ne. I have used this circuit for almost exactly that purpose
before.

REPLY

Ady
NOVEMBER 17, 2019

Adam, muito obrigado pela excelente página e pela resposta!


Então isso signi ca que, para minha aplicação, eu não deveria estar
usando um transformador yback, mas apenas um transformador

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comum, por exemplo, um transformador de microondas?


Cumprimentos.

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