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МАСТЕР‐КЛАСС 

“LAYTIME
LAYTIME AND DEMURRAGE
AND DEMURRAGE”

Практика морского бизнеса: делимся опытом                                                        Одесса, 28‐29 мая 2009 г.
МАСТЕР‐КЛАСС 
МАСТЕР КЛАСС
“LAYTIME AND DEMURRAGE”

Николай Мельников, партнер
, р р
Наталья Мирошниченко, юрист

Практика морского бизнеса: делимся опытом                                                        Одесса, 28‐29 мая 2009 г.
«Ответственность экспедиторов в Украине»  Одесса, 16 декабря 2008
3
CASE No.1 “CUSTOMS OF THE PORT”

VESSEL CARGO
Ro ro type
Ro‐ro type Vehicles

CHARTER PARTY
Gencon 1994

One port of loading / One port of discharging

Laytime ‐ 60 total running hours SSHINC

Demurrage – 6000 USD per day pro rata 

4
Практика морского бизнеса: делимся опытом                                                        Одесса, 28‐29 мая 2009 г. 
SPECIAL NOTE

NEXT VOYAGE

Same port of discharge

Loading of 457.00 mt of vehicles under another Charter Party


Loading of 457.00 mt of vehicles under another Charter Party  

5
Практика морского бизнеса: делимся опытом                                                        Одесса, 28‐29 мая 2009 г. 
CALCULATION OF LAYTIME AND DEMMURAGE 
Port Day Date Time Time to Time counted Comments Days
from hours minutes

Port of
Port of loading NOR tendered
Laytime
Sun Mar 30 04:00

loading
commenced Sun
Sun
Mar 30
Mar 30
0 days 12 hours 05 minutes
13:00
16:55
16.55
19:00
3
0
55
00 Vessel proceeded from roads to berth
Sun Mar 30 19:00 24:00 5 00
Laytime stopped Mon Mar 31 0:00 3:10 3 10 Loading completed
T t l per port:
Total t 12 05 0 days 12 hours 05 minutes 0 504
0.504

Port of
Port of

Apr04
Apr02
Apr03 16:35
Apr05 00:00
00:00
05:55
discharging NOR tendered Wed Apr 02 16:35
Laytime

discharging
g g commenced Thur Apr 03 6:00 24.00 18 00

Apr06 00:00
Fi
Fri A 04
Apr 0 00
0:00 24 00
24.00 24 00
Sat Apr 05 0:00 5:55 5 55
Total per port: 47 55 1 day 23 hours 55 minutes 1.996

p
Apr07 00:00
Total time used: 60 00 2 days 12 hours 0 minutes 2.5
once on demurrage always on
demurrage

Apr08 00:00
Sat Apr 05 5:55 24:00 18 05
Sun Apr 06 0:00 24.00 24 00

p
Apr09 00:30
Mon Apr 07 0:00 24.00 24 00
Tue Apr 08 0:00 24.00 24 00
Laytime stopped Wed Apr 09 0:00 9:05 9 05 Discharging completed

Apr09 09:05
99 10
Demurrage per port:

99 10 4 days 3 hours 10 minutes 4,132


Total demurrage:

4 days
d 3 hours
h 10 minutes
i t Total amount due:
$24 792 00
$24,792.00 $24,792.00
ARTERER’S POSITION

NO DEMURRAGE!
VESSEL WAS NOT BERTHED 

“DUE TO INTERESTS OF THE OWNERS 
AS REGARDS NEXT LOADING”
RT’S POSITION

LETTER
VESSEL WAS NOT BERTHED

“AS SHIPPING ORDERS FOR NEXT VOYAGE 
LOADING WERE NOT ISSUED TO THE PORT”
NER’S POSITION

DEMURRAGE TO BE PAID! 
VESSEL WAS NOT BERTHED

AS SHIPPING ORDERS FOR DISCHARGING 
WERE NOT ISSUED TO THE PORT 
DE OF THE CUSTOMS OF THE PORT

«In case the Port did not receive the forwarder’s (cargo
ner’s)
ner s) order to load cargo in the ship or the documents to
charge cargo from the ship before the master gives a notice of
adiness to loadingg or discharging,
g g
e Port is entitled to endorse the notice accordingly and
e time spent for waiting for said documents will be
ded to the lay time and charged to the cargo owner’s or
e charterer’s account.»
TTLEMENT AGREEMENT

20000$
TO THE OWNERS
TO THE OWNERS
SE No.2 «A LOT OF PROBLEMS»

CHARTER PARTY
G
Gencon 1994
1994

One port of loading / Three ports of discharging

Laytime ‐ 6 total weather working days: 
loading port – SSHEX EIU, 
discharging ports – FHEX EIU. 
discharging ports  EIU

Demurrage – 9.000 USD per day per rate
FTING OF THE VESSEL
OBLEM No 1
OBLEM No.1

F in the port of loading:
p g

hifting of the vessel on line 50 m
hifting of the vessel on line 50 m 11 HOUR
hifting by pilot and two tugs 2 HOURS
hifting by pilot and two tugs  2 HOURS
5 HOURS
TO COUNT OR NOT?
FTING OF THE VESSEL
OBLEM No 1
OBLEM No.1

CHARTER PARTY

1 sea birth AAAA 
( l
(always afloat always accessible)
fl l ibl )

All shifting from berth to berth 
All shifting from berth to berth
hould be for the Charterers time and expenses
IFTING/SEGREGATION OF CARGO
OBLEM No 2
OBLEM No.2
CHARTER PARTY
e to a e la to be i e to Cha te e befo e a i al to loadi
e‐stowage plan to be given to Charterers before arrival to loading port.
ot

FACTS:
. No pre‐stowage plan was drawn up due to absence of 
full description of cargo from the Charterers;
. Сargo loaded on board had neither marking nor clear 
indications about port of discharge. 
MASTER
IFTING/SEGREGATION OF CARGO
OBLEM No 2
OBLEM No.2

F in the port of discharging:
p g g

ifting/segregation of cargo 3,5 HOURS
ifting/segregation of cargo 2,5 HOURS
6 HOURS
t’s comment: “Bad stowage at loading port and Tripoli cargo found
mixed with other p
port cargo
g which cost delayy ffor discharging”.
g g

TO COUNT  OR NOT… TO COUNT ? 
IFTING/SEGREGATION OF CARGO
OBLEM No 2
OBLEM No.2
Genkon 1994 (clause 5)

the cargo shall be brought into the holds, loaded,


towed and/or trimmed, tallied, lashed and/or secured
ndd taken
k f
from the
h holds
h ld andd discharged
di h d by
b theh
Charterers,
e of any risk,
risk liability and expense whatsoever to the
Owners.”

Any delay connected with cargo shifting/segregation


due to bad stowage is not the Owners’ liability and to
THING OF THE VESSEL
OBLEM No 3
OBLEM No.3

F in the port of discharging (Agent’s comment):

he available pier was free with a distance ‐ 175m


he available pier was free with a distance  175m, 
ut pilot refused to berth the vessel due to 
noperative bow thrusters
noperative bow thrusters.

essel’s length is 161.37
161.37 m, ramp length is 18.25
18.25 m, total 179.62 m
179.62 m
THING OF THE VESSEL
OBLEM No 3
OBLEM No.3

FACTS:
Due to insufficient place for berthing the Vessel was 
berthed only 4 days later upon arrival;
Port State Control inspection of the Vessel upon   
berthing did not find any deficiencies in engines or 
other vessel’ss mechanisms.
other vessel mechanisms

Delay in vessel’s berthing is not the Owners fault as not 
sed by technical problems of the Vessel 
SE No.3 «VALID NOTICE OF READINESS»

CHARTER PARTY
Loading in the port of Nikolaev

NOR to be tendered upon arrival

WHERE NOR TO BE TENDERED FROM?
SE No.3 «VALID NOTICE OF READINESS»

Whether NOR tendered at Yuzhny Pilot Station 
Wh th NOR t d d t Y h Pil t St ti
is 

VALID OR NOT 

for the purposes of Nikolaev port?
SE No.3 «VALID NOTICE OF READINESS»

ISSUES TO BE PROVED:

1. Yuzhny pilot Station is within Nikolaev port;
2 Yuzhny
2. Yuzhny is the usual and mandatory waiting place for
is the usual and mandatory waiting place for
ships calling at Nikolaev port, 
and/or
d/
3.  NOR for ships bound to Nikolaev port can be validly
t d d tY h
tendered at Yuzhny pilot station.
il t t ti
SE No.3 «VALID NOTICE OF READINESS»

FACTS THAT WERE PROVED:

Yuzhnyyppilot station is actually situated in the
y
Eastern roads of Nikolaev port.
It is within the geographical area of Nikolaev
g g p port.
p
Pilotage to the ports of Nikolaev area is compulsory
for foreign vessels. 
and
Pilots embark and disembark at the approach to
Pilots embark and disembark at the approach to
the outer roads of Yuzhny.
SE No.4 «GOOD DEMURRAGE»

CHARTER PARTY
G
Gencon 1994
1994

One port of loading / One port of discharging

Laytime – 6 total weather working days SSHEX EIU.

Demurrage – 5.000 USD per day per rate
Demurrage  5 000 USD per day per rate
SE No.4 «GOOD DEMURRAGE»
SE No.4 «GOOD DEMURRAGE»

?
SE No.4 «GOOD DEMURRAGE»

NO CHARTERERS –

NO DEMURRAGE !!! 
NO DEMURRAGE !!!

;)
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