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SECTION V

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

BRICK WORK

a) SCOPE OF THE WORK:


The work covered under this specification pertains to procurement of best quality
locally available stock bricks and workmanship in buildings walls of various thicknesses
in strict compliance with the specifications and applicable drawings.

b) MATERIALS:
Brick shall be best quality locally available stock bricks and samples shall be got
approved by the Engineer-in charge before incorporation in the work on large scale and
maintain the same for the entire work.

The nominal size of bricks (F.P.S) shall be 23 cm x11.5 cmx7.5 cm (9"x4.5”x


2.75”). Permissible tolerance on dimensions shall be +/-3 mm in length & +/- 1.5 mm in
width/thickness.

i. If the plastering to be done is more than the specified thickness to bring the
plaster surface to perfect line, level and plumb with adjoining columns, beams, walls
etc., the contractor shall be responsible to provide and fix chicken wire mesh to receive
more thickness of plaster at his own cost and nothing extra will be paid on this account.

In case the size of bricks used in the work, found more than the permissible, the
contractor shall chip out the exposed edges of bricks up to the required level of wall to
receive specified thickness of plaster.

Bricks shall generally conform to IS 1077-1992. In any case minimum crushing


strength shall not be less than 35 Kg/cm² and water absorption shall not be more than
15% by the weight. The Engineer-in-charge shall have the right to reject the bricks
obtained from any field where the soils have an appreciable quantity of sulphate and
chlorides. The specification for cement, sand and water shall be same as described
herein before under cement concrete. Bricks shall be thoroughly soaked in water
before using till the bubbles cease to come up. No half or quarter brick shall be used
except as closer. The closers shall be cut to required size and used near the end of the
walls. The walls shall be raised truly to plumb. The type of bond to be adopted shall be
English bond, but vertical joints shall be laid staggered.

c) WORKMANSHIP:
Four courses of brickwork with four joints should not exceed by more than 40
mm. the same bricks piled one over the other without mortar.
Brickwork shall not be raised more than 10 courses a day unless otherwise approved by
the Engineer-in-charge. The brickwork shall be kept wet for at least 10 days. Brickwork
shall be uniformly raised around and no part shall be raised more than 1.0 meter above
another at any time.

Section V 1
All joints shall be thoroughly flushed with mortar of mix as specified in the
schedule of quantities, at every course. Care shall be taken to see that the bricks are
bedded effectively and all joints completely filled to full depth.

The joints of brickwork to be plastered shall be raked out to a depth not less than
10 mm, as the work proceeds. The surface of brickwork shall be cleaned down and
watered properly before the mortar sets.

The adhesion between the brick masonry surface and the concrete surface of
columns, beams, chajjas, lintels etc. should be proper by ensuring that the concrete
surface coming in contact with brick masonry is hacked/ chipped/ keyed, cleaned and
cement slurry is applied so that proper bond is achieved between the two dissimilar
materials. It is the responsibility of the contractors to ensure that there will not be any
cracks/ fissures anywhere in the brick masonry.

All the courses shall be laid truly horizontal and all vertical joints shall be truly
vertical. Specified mortar of good and approved quality shall be used. Lime shall not be
used where reinforcement is provided in brickwork. The mortar should completely cover
the bed and sides of the bricks. Proper care should be taken to obtain uniform mortar
joint throughout the construction, the walls should be raised uniformly in proper,
approved bond .In construction of the wall, first of all two end corners are carefully laid
to line and level and then in between portion is built, with a cord stretching along the
headers or stretchers held in position at the ends. This helps in keeping the alignment
or the courses and maintaining them in level. Similarly all other courses are built. Care
shall be taken to keep the prepends properly aligned within following maximum
permissible tolerances:

1. Deviation from vertical within a storey shall not exceed 6 mm per 3 m height.
2. Deviation in verticality in total height of any wall of building more than one storey
in height shall not exceed 12.5 mm.
3. Deviation from position shown on plan of any brickwork shall not exceed
12.5mm.
4. Relative displacement between load-bearing walls in adjacent storey
intended to be vertical alignments shall not exceed 6 mm.

No brickwork shall be carried on during frosty weather except with the written
permission of the Engineer-in-charge that will give special directions as to the manner in
which the work is to be performed. All brickwork laid during the day, shall, in seasons
liable to frost, be properly covered up at night as directed by the engineer-in-charge.
Should any brickwork be damaged by frost, the brickwork shall at the discretion of the
Engineer-in-charge, be pulled down and made good at the cost of the contractor.
Concrete surfaces of columns, beams, lintels; chajjas etc. coming in contact with
masonry work shall be properly chipped, washed and given a thick coat of cement slurry
before start of work. The rate quoted shall include wire brushing and cleaning brickwork
covered with fungus or deleterious materials. Brickwork shall be well watered/cured
throughout the day for least a week from the date of building and the work shall be
protected from sun and rain.
Materials and workmanship for a half brick or brick on edge partition wall shall be as
specified above.

Section V 2
d) The rates for brickwork shall include the cost of the following:

1. Providing and fixing necessary single or double scaffolding and removing the
same after the works are completed.
2. Watering, curing, and lifting of materials to any height.
3. Raking out of joints to receive plaster.
4. Forming slab sittings, cutting or leaving holes for lugs of windows, doors, sills ,
switch boxes etc:,
5. Making good all holes, chases etc., to any depth due to conduit pipes,
holdfasts, bolts, switch and plug boxes etc;
6. Bedding and pointing pre-cast lintels, sills etc. in or on walls.

For the purpose of measurements, the thickness of one brick wall and over shall
be taken in terms of multiples of half brick.

e) MODE OF MEASUREMENT:

(i) For brickwork measured in cubic meters:


The contractor rate shall be for a unit of one cubic meter of brick masonry as
actually done 230 mm. thick (or as specified in schedule) brick walls shall be taken as
one brick thick.

All openings in brickwork for doors, windows and ventilators shall be deducted to
get the net quantity of actual brickwork done.

Openings or chases required for Public Health or electrical inserts less than 0.1
sqmt and bearing of precast concrete members shall not be deducted. No extra
payment shall be made for any extra work involved in making the above openings or
placements.

(ii) For brickwork measured in square meter:

Half brick thick masonry walls shall be measured in sqmt. All openings in
brickwork for doors and windows and ventilators shall be deducted to get the net
quantity of actual work done. Opening or chases required for Public Health or Electric
inserts less than 0.1sqmt and bearing of pre cast concrete members shall not be
deducted. No extra payments shall be made for extra work involved in making the
above openings or placements.
******

REINFORCED CEMENT CONCRETE

a) SCOPE OF WORK:

This specification covers the proportioning, mixing and placing of plain,


reinforced, in-situ and pre-cast cement concrete.
b) MATERIALS:

Except as otherwise called for in this specification all materials for concrete shall
comply with the latest Indian Standard Specifications.

Section V 3
c) CEMENT:
The cement shall comply with the requirements of I.S.8112 – latest revisions.
Only one brand of cement shall be used for exposed concrete in any individual
structure. Cement shall be delivered to site in unbroken bags sewn by the
manufacturer. Cement reclaimed from cleaning bags or leaking containers shall not be
used, cement shall be used in the sequence of receipt of shipment unless otherwise
directed. The contractor, shall, when required by the Engineer, furnished
manufacturer’s test certificate for the cement.

d) STORAGE:
The contractor shall make necessary arrangements to the satisfaction of the Engineer
for the storage of cement.

e) AGGREGATE:
The fine and coarse aggregate shall comply with I.S. 383 latest revisions. The
aggregate shall be stored at site in such a manner that inter mixing of materials is
separate stock piles is not possible and to prevent contamination of the stock piles from
the ground or rubbish or wind blown dust.

To get effective control on quality, materials which do not conform to I.S.


specifications shall not be brought to site of work. Washing, grading, etc. of aggregate
shall be done away from the job site. Storage piles of aggregate shall have good
drainage, preclude inclusion of foreign matter, and preserve the gradation. Sufficient
live storage shall be maintained to permit segregation of successive shipments,
placement of concrete at required rate such procedure as inspection and testing.

f). SAND:
The sand to be used shall be obtained from a source approved by the Engineer-
in-charge. Sand shall be natural sand, crushed gravel or crushed stone. It shall be well
graded, course in texture, clean gritty to the touch, hard, strong, durable and free from
salt, mica, clay earth, coal, any animal vegetable and bituminous matter, any soluble
sulphate, gypsum and any other harmful material. Use of sea sand is prohibited.
Unless initially clean, all sand shall be thoroughly and carefully cleaned by screening
and washing in fresh and clean water to remove all objectionable foreign matter to meet
the specifications and standards.

Sand/fine aggregate shall conform to the grading specified in ‘fine aggregates


Zone ‘I’ in IS code No. 383 latest revision.

I.S. Sieve Percentage passing by weight


Designation Natural sand
10.00 mm 100

4.75 mm 90-100

2.36 mm 60-95

1.18 mm 30-70

Section V 4
I.S. Sieve Percentage passing by weight
Designation Natural sand
600 Micron 15-34

300 Micron 5-20

150 Micron 0-10

g) COARSE AGGREGATE:

Coarse aggregate shall consist of hard, strong durable particles of crushed stone
and shall be free from thin elongated soft pieces, vegetable matter or other deleterious
matter. It shall have no adherent coating.

The aggregate shall be graded from fine to coarse in accordance with I.S. code
which is reproduced below:

GRADING
Percentage Passing For Graded Aggregate of Nominal Size by
IS Sieve
Weight
Designation
40 20 16 12.5
80 mm 100 - - -
63mm - - - -
40 mm 95 – 100 100 - -
20 mm 30 – 70 95 – 100 100 100
16 mm - - 90 -100 -
12.5 mm - - - 90 – 100
10mm 10-35 25-55 30-70 40-85
4.75 mm 0–5 0 – 10 0 – 10 0 – 10

The testing and maximum size of aggregate shall be in accordance with the I.S.
383 or as specified under the Schedule of Quantities.

h) WATER:

The water quality shall conform the requirement of IS: 456:2000 and also clean
and free from deleterious matter, such as oils, acids, alkalis, sugar and vegetable
matter. Every attempt shall be made to use water that is fit for drinking and wherever
possible water shall be used direct from the supply mains. Water stored for
construction shall be kept clean at all times, and adequate storage to last for 24 hours at
least shall be arranged at site by the contractor. The PH value of the water shall
generally not less than 6.

i) ADMIXTURES:

Admixtures shall be used in concrete only with the approval of the Engineer.
Admixtures shall be supplied by the contractor and also mixed in the concrete without
extra cost. The cost of admixture is included in the rate of contractor.

Section V 5
j) CLASSES OF CONCRETE:

Unless otherwise specifically stated as “Ordinary Concrete”, all concrete


proposed under this specification shall be taken to mean Controlled concrete. For mix
design, IS: 10262 shall be referred and also satisfies the requirement of IS: 456:2000.

k) Controlled concrete
Controlled concrete means that the mix proportions are determined by
preliminary mix designs and laboratory tests. These shall be carried out at intervals of
change in source of aggregates, cement, water and also whenever the Engineer has
reasons to believe that there has been a change in the quality/properties/grading etc.
of any of the constituents of concrete, which in his opinion would impair its strength
and/or durability. A prefix and two numbers shall identify each class of concrete. Prefix
‘M’ would denote Normal concrete). The two numbers e.g. 30/20 would denote the
crushing strength of concrete cubes (characteristic strength) at 28 days age in
N/mm2and maximum size of coarse aggregate in mm respectively.

The characteristic compressive strengths on 15 cm cubes at 28 days for all the


types of concrete as mentioned above shall be same as given in tables for respective
types of concrete.

l) Characteristic Strength

Class Characteristic Compressive Maximum aggregate


strength on 15 cm cubes at size in mm
28 days in N/Sq. mm
N15/20 15 20
N20/20 20 20
N25/20 25 20
N30/10 30 10
N30/20 30 20

Note:
Compressive strength tests with the approval of the Engineer shall be conducted
on 15 cm. diameter and 30cm high cylinders in accordance with IS: 516 instead of on
cubes. Where cylinder strength figures are adopted, the compressive strength figures
given in respective tables below for every grade of concrete shall be modified
according to the formula.

Minimum cylinder compressive = 0.8 times compressive


Strength required strength specified for 15 cm.
Cubes. The controlled concrete
designation shall be of the following
requirements.

When requirement arises for other grades of concrete such as N32.5, N37.5,
N42.5 etc. and varying maximum size of aggregate to 12.5 mm, the same shall be
accommodated with the approval of the Engineer.
Normal concrete shall have a net unit weight of not less than 2450 kilograms per
cubic meter.

Section V 6
m) MINIMUM CEMENT CONTENTS
For any particular mix, minimum cement content mix and water cement ratio shall
be selected so that strength, workability and durability requirements are met for
specified work. Reference shall be made to Table 5 and 6 of IS- 456: 2000 unless
specified otherwise.

n) TRIAL CONCRETE MIXES


The proportions of cement, fine aggregate, coarse aggregate, additives and
water necessary to produce a concrete mix which will fulfill the requirements of this
specification for each grade of concrete shall be determined on the basis of trial mixes
conducted with the samples of the material as used in the work site in presence of the
Engineer in field laboratory by the Contractor.

o) MIX DESIGN OF CONCRETE


The Contractor shall carry out mix design of concrete for various grades such as
M 20, M 25, M30, M45 etc. using different sizes of aggregates as directed by the
Engineer to produce concrete of the required strength, workability, durability and other
properties. Concrete shall be proportioned to obtain workable mixes for the purpose
intended and to adequately meet the strength and finish requirements. Primary mix
design shall be established through several trial studies by the contractor well in
advance so as to meet the time schedule of the work. During mix design/trial studies,
contractor shall use the ingredients, which are qualified / approved for actual work at
work site.

p) Proportioning for Maximum Density


Suitable proportions of sand and the several sizes of coarse aggregates for each
class of concrete shall be selected to give as nearly as practicable, the maximum
density. This is to be determined by mathematical means, laboratory tests, field trials or
other means. If necessary, the gradation of the aggregates shall be corrected by
changes in the aggregate plant and the processing methods so that maximum density
and good workable concrete can be produced to comply with the requirements of the
jobs.

q) Proportioning by W/C Ratio


Once a mix, including its water cement (W/C) ratio has been determined and
specified after trial studies & approved by the Engineer, that W/C ratio shall be
maintained. The Contractor shall determine the water content of the aggregate
frequently as the work progresses and the amount of mixing water entering the mixer
shall be changed to compensate for the water content in aggregates so as to maintain
specified W/C maintained at all the time.

r) W/C Ratio Values


The actual W/C ratio to be adopted shall be determined in each instance by the
Contractor, so as to have workable mix without affecting the specified/required
properties of concrete in its fresh and hardened state. Permissible tolerance in w/c ratio
shall be maintained to + 0.02 of the specified value. In case of any change in any of the
properties, mix design shall be redone and tested for its specified properties.

Section V 7
s) Consistency and Slump
The concrete shall have a consistency such that it will be workable in the
required position. It shall be of such consistency that when properly vibrated, will flow
around reinforcing steel, and all embedded parts. The slump for concrete as
determined by slump tests as per IS 1199 shall not exceed the maximum slumps
indicated below for each type of construction unless otherwise approved or directed by
the Engineer. Whenever concrete is needed to be pumped, slump shall be varied with
the approval of the Engineer. In such events, contractor shall carry out fresh trial
studies to establish the desired properties.
Sl.
Workability Slump in mm
No Type of Construction
Min. Max.
Self Raft where reinforcement layout
1 150 200
levelling is congested.
Plain footings, caissons, sub-structure
2 Low 25 75
walls etc.
Reinforced beams, columns, walls,
3 Medium 50 100
etc.
Reinforced foundation, wall
4 Medium 40 80
and footings.
5 Low 25 75 Pavements, mass concrete
Trench fill, In situ piling and Tremie
6 High 100 150
concrete

The Contractor shall not place concrete having a slump outside the limits
specified without the approval of the Engineer. The slump results shall not differ by +
25mm or + 1/3 of the required value whichever is less.
Slump tests shall be conducted immediately in the first mix of every grade of
concrete and necessary correction shall be made. In addition the same test shall be
carried out during the following circumstances:

(a) At least one test in each grade per shift.


(b) At the time of casting the cubes for compressive strength.
(c) At least one test for every 50 cu. m concrete or part thereof
(d) Whenever the visual inspection demands
(e) More frequently, if there is distinct change in job condition
(f) If required by the engineer at least one test per air content test

t) Acceptance Criteria
Acceptance criteria shall be as per IS 456-2000.

u) Failure to meet Strength Requirement


In the event that concrete tested fails to meet the specification, the Engineer shall have
the right to insist on any one or all of the following and the contractor at his own
expense shall carry out all such measures as directed by the Engineer.

1) Changes in the concrete mix proportions for all the balance work.

2) Core-cutting and testing of the concrete represented by the tests that failed as
per IS: 456
3) Extended curing of the concrete represented by the specimen.
4) Load tests on part of structures as per IS: 456
Section V 8
5) Replacement of any such portions of the structure.
6) Suitable NDT of such concrete which indicates a low strength.

If the result of the test(s) is not satisfactory, the Engineer shall instruct that the
part of the works concerned shall be dismantled or cut out and reconstructed to comply
with this specification, or that other measures shall be taken to make the works secure
at contractor's cost.

Concrete during transport and placement shall be ensured during rains also. If
there is any sign of washing of cement and sand, the concrete shall be entirely removed
immediately.

The methods of delivering and handling the concrete shall be such as to facilitate
placing with minimum of re-handling and without damage to the structure or the
concrete.

v) CONCRETE QUALITY:
In proportioning the concrete of various grades the quality of cement shall be
determined by weight. The quantities of fine and coarse aggregates will be either by
“batched and mixed in approved weigh batching system” or by equivalent volume
batching.

Where ordinary concrete with nominal mixes are specified batching of materials
may be done by volume. Due allowance is to be made for building of fine aggregate
according to I.S. 456 latest edition. Ordinary Portland cement shall be taken to weigh
1442 kg. Per Cu.m.

w) CUBE TEST:
Samples of concrete shall be taken as often as considered necessary by the
Engineer and work tests carried out in accordance with the procedure laid down in I.S.
code of practice (I.S. 516). Samples shall be taken from each 50 cu.m. of concrete
made during the progress of the work, or when a days concrete work does not amount
to 50 cu.m from each day’s pour. Six cubes 150 mm x 150 mm x 150 mm shall be
made tested after 7 days, and the remaining three after 28 days. 90 percent of the test
samples shall show strength higher than the prescribed strength. The average of the
strength of the three specimens taken at a time may be assumed as the difference
between the maximum and the minimum strengths of the three specimens does not
exceed 15 percent of the average strength of concrete with 7 days age will not be less
than 2/3rd of the concrete cubes shall be furnished by the Department. All the materials
and labour for making necessary tests will be at the cost of the contractor. The results
of the test conducted by the Department or arranged by the Department in any of the
recognized laboratories shall be taken final and binding on the contractor. In case the
compressive strength obtained from the test samples of concrete is less than the
minimum specified strength the work is liable to be rejected.

The contractor shall submit his proposed design mixes for the approval of the
Engineer. Once approved he has to strictly adhere to the same. In case of change in
the materials he will have to submit fresh design for the mixes for the approval of the
Engineer. If in actual practice, the strengths obtained are less than the specified one
the work will be rejected. If, however, the strengths are higher than the specified ones
due to excellent control or otherwise, the Contractor will have no claim for extra
payment.

Section V 9
y) Mixers
Mixers may be stationary mixers of either the tilting or non-tilting type of
approved design.

z) Maintenance
The mixers shall be maintained in satisfactory operating condition, and mixer
drums shall be kept free of hardened concrete. Mixer blades shall be replaced when
worn down more than 10 percent of their depth. Should any mixer at any time produce
unsatisfactory results, leak mortar or cause waste of materials, its use shall be promptly
discontinued until it is repaired.

Stationary Mixers
Mixers, which have a rated capacity not exceeding 200 litres of mixed concrete,
may be tilting type. Mixers, that have a rated capacity of 200 liters or more of mixed
concrete, shall be non-tilting types. Mixers shall not be charged in excess of the
capacity recommended by the manufacturer. Mixers shall be capable of combining the
materials into a uniform mixture and of discharging this mixture without segregation.
The mixers of mixing plant shall include a device for counting the total number of
batches of concrete mixed. The mixers shall be operated at the drum speed designated
by the manufacturer on the nameplates.
Mixing time
The mixing periods specified herein are to ensure proper quality control. The
mixing time will be increased when such increase is necessary to secure the required
uniformity and consistency. Excessive over mixing requiring addition of water will not be
permitted. Mixing time shall be in accordance with the recommendation of the batching
plant manufacturer.

Provision of inspection
The complete plant assembly shall include provisions to facilitate the inspection
of all operations at all times.

Maintenance of records
All records and charts of the batching and mixing operations shall be prepared
as specified herein and promptly handed over to the Engineer.

Sampling facilities
Suitable facilities shall be provided for readily obtaining representative samples
of aggregate from each of the batchers, and suitable devices for obtaining
representative samples of concrete for slump tests, unit weight, air content and
uniformity tests shall be made by the Engineer. All necessary platforms, tools and
equipment for obtaining samples shall be furnished at the start of work.

Concrete specimen:
Concrete specimen shall be prepared from the mixes used in the work and tested
to determine the adequacy and accuracy of control for the materials entering into the
concrete mix. The Contractor shall perform preparation, storage and testing of the
specimen in presence of the Engineer to his entire satisfaction.

Section V 10
TRANSPORT AND PLACING:

No concreting work shall be started until the surface on which it is to be


deposited shall be checked and approved by the Engineer. Concrete shall be
transported from the mixer to the place of final deposit as rapidly as practicable, and by
methods, which will prevent segregation or loss of ingredients. Equipment for chuting,
pumping and pneumatically conveying concrete shall be of such size and design as to
ensure a practically continuous flow of concrete at the delivery and without any
separation of the materials. The chute shall be of metal lined wood, with slope not less
than 1 vertical to 3 horizontal and not more than 1 vertical to 2 horizontal. The
discharge end of the chute shall be provided with a baffle plate to prevent segregation.

Concrete shall be deposited as nearly as practicable in its final position without


segregation due to rehandling or flowing. The Concreting shall be on at such a rate that
the concrete is at all times plastic and flows slowly into the space between the bars. No
concrete that has partially hardened or been contaminated by foreign materials shall be
deposited on the work, nor shall retempered concrete be used.

Then concrete is once started, it shall be carried on as a continuous operation


until the placing of the panel or section is completed.

The top surface shall generally be made level as far as practicable. In foundation
trenches or such other situation, it shall be carefully deposited and not thrown from a
height. If transported to the work in barrows, the barrow may be tipped from a height of
not more than one metre above the bottom of the layer being deposited. If the height
exceeds one metre the concrete must be tipped on to an inclined plane or spout. Water
shall be removed from excavation before concrete is deposited. No flow of water shall
be diverted through over freshly deposited concrete. Dewatering shall be done till the
concrete is sufficiently hardened. The rate for concrete shall include the cost of such
dewatering operations.
Before fresh concrete is deposited upon or against concrete, which has already
hardened, the surface of the hardened concrete shall be well roughened. If necessary
by chipping, and all laitance removed and the surface shall then be swept clean with
wire brushes, thoroughly wetted, covered with the thin layer of mortar composed of
equal volumes of cement and sand. An excess of cement shall be provided in the
concrete in contact with the old work. The rate for concrete shall be inclusive of various
surface preparations, as detailed above and no extra claim would be admitted on this
account. Concrete footings shall be placed upon undisturbed clean and hard surface of
specified bearing capacity.

COMPACTION:

The concrete shall be fully compacted through out the full extent of the later. It
shall be thoroughly worked against formwork and around any reinforcement and other
embedded items without displacing them. Successive layers of the same lift shall be
thoroughly worked together. Each layer shall be compacted by mechanical internal
vibrating equipment supplemented by hand spading, rodding and tamping as directed.
Vibrators shall in no case be used to transport, concrete inside forms. Use of form
vibrators will not be permitted. Duration of vibration shall limited to time necessary to
produce satisfactory consolidation without causing objectionable segregation. The
vibrator shall not be inserted into lower coursed that have begun to set. Concrete shall
be poured’ in lifts to avoid formation of voids around embedded items. The contractor

Section V 11
shall'have at least 4 immersion type vibrators of varying needle sizes with frequencies
not less than 7000 RPH for R.C.C. work. In addition to above, sufficient numbers of
petrol vibrators shall be kept available at site at all times in good condition.

Finishing of Concrete:

Slight honey comb and minor effects shall be patched after chisellingout loose
material with cement mortar of one part cement to two parts fine aggregates with
approval Engineer. The patches will be square/rectangular and will be properly finished
to match. No separate rate will be of payable for carrying out any repair or for finishing.

Grouting:

Grout for anchor bolts, sleeves and other items shall be composed of equal
parts of sand and Portland cement, with sufficient water to produce required
consistency.

Curing and protection:

Curing of concrete shall start after 8 hours of placement and in hot weather within four
hours of placement. All cement concrete after laying, shall be covered with a layer of
sacking, canvas, Hessian or similar absorbent material and kept for continuously not
less than fortnight. In case of Portland Pozzolano cement, the curing is required to be
continued for 21 days from the date of concreting. For curing of concreting pavements,
sidewalls, floors, flat roofs or other level surfaces the ponding method curing is
preferred. All water used both in the preparation and final wetting is to be cleaned, free
from sediment of any kind and generally fit for drinking. The work shall be protected
from drying winds and direct sun rays.

MEASUREMENT AND PAYMENT.

a) Actual volume of work shall be measured in Cu.m unless otherwise specified in


the schedule of quantity. Deductions, pipes, ducts, etc., shall be made but no
deductions shall be made for opening up to 0.1 Sq.m in area each (for the
opening up to 0.1 Sq.m in area each, shuttering shall not be paid for separately).
No additions and deduction shall be made for embedded fixtures.

b) Pre-cast concrete shall be measured the same way as specified above unless
other wise stated. No separate payment shall be made for form work, shuttering,
curing, handling, placing in position and jointing wherever required as per
specification and schedule of quantity.

c) No deduction shall be made for volume occupied by reinforcement. Volume


occupied by drainage water pipes, conduits, etc., not exceeding 100 Sq.cm each
in cross sectional area shall not be deducted.

d) Treatment of bearing with cement plaster shall not be measured.

e) Drip mould, grooves, chamfers shall not be measured.

f) Concrete perforated units shall be measured on gross area of units. No separate


payments shall be made for fixtures.

Section V 12
g) Unless otherwise specified in the schedule of quantity nothing extra shall be
admissible for lying at an angle, any particular shape of the section cantilevered
part or any projections or portions sunk.

h) Unless otherwise specified no separate payments shall be paid for placing at


various lifts.
*****

PLAIN CEMENT CONCRETE FOR GENERAL WORK:

For plain cement concrete work, the specification for materials viz, cement, sand, fine
and coarse aggregates and water shall be the same as that specified in reinforced
concrete work specifications.

But the proportion of mix will be nominal and the ratio of fine and coarse aggregate may
be slightly adjusted within limits, keeping the total value of aggregates to a given
volumes of cement constant to suit the sieve analysis of both the aggregates. Cement
shall on no account by measured by volume, but it shall always be used directly from
the bags (i.e. 50 kg/bag).

The proportion of cement, sand, aggregate and water for cement of proportion 1:5:10,
1:4:8, 1:3:6 & 1:2:4 by volume shall generally consist of quantities as given below:

Quantity of materials used per bag of cement

Proportion of Cement Fine aggregate Coarse Total of fine and Water


Ingredients (sand) aggregate coarse
aggregates
1:5:10 1 170 ltrs. 340 ltrs. 800 kgs. 60 ltrs.
1:4:8 1 130 ltrs. 272 ltrs. 625 kgs. 45 ltrs.
1:3:6 1 102 ltrs. 204 ltrs. 480 kgs. 34 ltrs.
1:2:4 1 68 ltrs. 136 ltrs. 350 kgs. 32 ltrs.

*******

Section V 13
FORM WORK:

The form work shall consist of shores, bracings, sides of beams and columns,
bottom of slabs etc, including ties, anchors, hangers, inserts etc. complete which shall
be properly designed and planned for the work. The formwork shall be so erected and
fixed that up and down vertical adjustment can be made smoothly.
The formwork shall be so constructed that it is rigid enough to remain free from
any bulging, sagging or any movement during the placing of the Concrete and that it
can be subsequently removed without damaging concrete. The formwork shall be
sufficiently watertight to prevent loss of liquid from the concrete. All form works shall be
fixed to proper elevation. The contractor shall undertake no concreting work until the
level, size, suitability etc, is approved by the Engineer. Unless otherwise specified all
forms in contact, with concrete should be steel forms of required thickness. Surface of
forms in contact with concrete shall be properly planned. All rubbish shall be removed
from the interior of the forms and the ' surface of formwork to come in contact with
concrete shall be cleaned and thoroughly treated with oil. The oil shall be applied before
the reinforcement is placed, and care shall be taken so that no oil comes in contact with
steel while it is being placed in position. The joints of forms shall be made watertight by
plugging them with good clay jute or by other approved means before applying oil. The
forms shall be so fixed that only slight marks are visible on the surface of the concrete
after stripping the forms. Steel forms shall be with prior approval of the Engineer.
Approved form emulsions shall be used for application to the form surfaces in such a
way as to prevent discoloration of the original cement colour. Steel formwork used shall
be free from bulges, and shall be plane and unbent. Plates shall be closely and properly
jointed. No plugs, bolts, ties or any appliances whatsoever for supporting the shuttering
shall be fixed permanently in the structure not be placed temporarily in such a manner
the damage to the structure would result from their removal at the time of striking the
forms and supports. Forms for beams should be laid with a camber of 1/480th of the
Span.

a) DESIGN OF FORM WORK:


The design and engineering of formwork as well as its construction shall be the
responsibility of Contractor and as per IS 14687 - latest revision. If so instructed, the
drawings and calculations for the design of the form work shall be submitted well in
advance to the Engineer-in-Charge for approval before proceeding with work, at no
extra cost to the Department. Engineer-in-Charges approval shall not however, relieve
Contractor of the full responsibility for the design and construction of the formwork. The
design shall take into account all the loads vertical as well as lateral that the forms will
be carrying including live and vibration loadings. Steel props shall only be used for
scaffolding purposes.

b) TOLERANCE:
Tolerance is a specified permissible variation from lines, grade or dimensions
given in drawings. No tolerances specified for horizontal or vertical building lines or
footings shall be constructed to permit encroachment beyond the legal boundaries.
Unless otherwise specified the following tolerances will be permitted.

Section V 14
c) TOLERANCE FOR RC BUILDING:

(i) Variation from the plumb


In the line and surfaces of columns, piers, 5mm per 2.5mts, but not more
a.
walls and in buttresses than 25mm
For exposed corner columns and other
b.
conspicuous lines
b.1 In any bay or 5mts maximum (+/-) 5mm
b.2 In 10mts ore more (+/-) 10mm
(ii) Variation from the level or from the grades indicated on the drawings
a. In slab soffits, ceilings, beam soffits and
in arises
a.1 In 2.50mts (+/-) 5mm
a.2 In any bay or 5mts maximum (+/-) 8mm
a.3 In 10mts or more (+/-) 15mm
b. For exposed lintels, sills, parapets,
horizontal grooves and other conspicuous
lines
b.1 In any bay or 5mts maximum (+/-) 5mm
b.2 In 10mts ore more (+/-) 10mm
(iii) Variation from the level or from the grades indicated on the drawings
a.1 In any bay or 5mts maximum (+/-) 10mm
a.2 In 10mts or more (+/-) 20mm
(iv) Variations in the sizes and locations of (+/-) 5mm
sleeves, openings in walls and floors
except in the case of and for anchor bolts.
(v) Variations in cross-sectional dimension of (+) 10mm/(-) 5mm
columns and beams in the thickness of
slabs and walls.
(vi) Footings
a. Variation in dimensions in plan (+) 50mm/(-) 5mm
b. Misplacement or eccentricity 2% of footing within the direction
of misplacement but not more
than 50mm.
c. Reduction in thickness (-)5% of specified thickness
subject to maximum of 50mm
(vii) Variation in steps
a. In a flight of stairs
a.1 Riser (+/-) 3mm
a.2 Tread (+/-) 5mm
b. Consecutive steps
b.1 Riser (+/-) 1.5mm
b.2 Tread (+/-) 3mm
Tolerances in other concrete structure
A All structure
a.1 Variation of the constructed linear outline
from established position in plan
a.1.1 In 5mts (+/-) 10mm

Section V 15
a.1.2 In 10mts or more (+/-) 15mm
b.1 Variation of dimension to individual structure features from established
positions in plan
b.1.1 In 20mts or more (+/-) 25mm
b.1.2 In buried constructions (+/-) 150mm
c.1 Variation form plumb from specified batter
or from curved surfaces of all structures.
c.1.1 In 2.5mts (+/-) 10mm
c.1.2 In 5.0mts (+/-) 15mm
c.1.3 In 10.0mts or more (+/-) 25mm
c.1.4 In buried constructions (+/-) Twice the above limits.
d.1 Variation from level or grade
indicated on drawings in slabs, beams,
soffits, horizontal grooves and visible
arises
d.1.1 In 2.5mts (+/-) 5mm
d.1.2 In 7.5mts or more (+/-) 10mm
d.1.3 In buried constructions (+/-) Twice the above limits.
E Variation in cross-sectional (+) 10mm/(-) 5mm
dimensions of columns, beams,
buttresses, piers and similar members.
F Variation in the thickness of slabs, walls, (+) 10mm/(-) 5mm
arch sections and similar members.

Water Proof Plywood shall be used for exposed concrete surfaces; where called
for Sawn and wrought timber may be used for unexposed surfaces. Inside faces of
forms for concrete surfaces, which are to be rubbed finished, shall be planed to remove
irregularities or unevenness in the face. Formwork with lining will be permitted.
All new and used from lumber shall be maintained in a good condition with
respect to shape, strength, rigidity, water tightness, smoothness and cleanliness of
surfaces. Form lumber unsatisfactory in any respect shall not be used and if rejected by
Engineer-in-Charge shall be removed from the site. Shores supporting successive
stories shall be placed directly over those below or be so designed and placed that the
load will be transmitted directly to them. Trussed supports shall be provided for shores
that cannot be secured on adequate foundation.
Formwork during any stage of construction showing signs of distortion or
distorted to such a degree that the intended concrete work will not conform to the exact
contours indicated on the drawings, shall be repositioned and strengthened. Poured
concrete affected by the faulty formwork, shall be entirely removed and the formwork
corrected prior to placing new concrete.
Excessive construction camber to compensate for shrinkage settlement etc. that
may impair the structural strength or members will not be permitted.
Forms for substructure concrete may be omitted when, in the opinion of
Engineer-in-charge, the open excavation is firm enough to act as the form. Such
excavations shall be slightly larger than required by the drawings to irregularities for
irregularities in excavation and to ensure the design requirement.

Section V 16
B Footings for columns, piers, walls, buttresses and similar
members:

A Variation in dimensions in plan (+) 50mm/(-) 10mm


Misplacement or eccentricity 2% of footing within the direction
B of misplacement but not more
than 50mm.
Reduction in thickness (-)5% of specified thickness
C subject to maximum of 50mm

d) FORMWORK REQUIREMENTS:
Forms shall conform to the shapes, lines, grades and dimensions including
camber of the concrete as called for in the drawings. Ample studs, washer braces,
straps, shores etc. shall be used to hold the forms in proper position without any
distortion whatsoever until the concrete has set sufficiently to permit removal of forms.
Forms shall be strong enough to permit the use of immersion vibrators in special cases;
form vibrators may also be used. The shuttering shall be close boarded. Timber shall be
wall seasoned, free from sap, shakes, loose knots, worm holes, warps or other’ surface
defects in contact with concrete. Faces coming in contact with concrete shall be free
from adhering grout, plaster, paint, projecting nails, splits or other defects. Joints shall
be sufficiently tight to prevent loss of water and fine material from concrete.

Forms shall be so designed and constructed that they can be stripped in the
order required and their removals do not damage the concrete. Face formwork shall
provide true vertical and horizontal joints, conforming to the architectural features of the
structure as to location of joints and be as directed by Engineer-in-Charge.

Where exposed smooth or rubbed concrete finishes are required, the forms shall
be constructed with special care so that the desired concrete surfaces could be
obtained which require a minimum finish.

e) BRACINGS, STRUTS AND PROPS:


Shuttering shall be braced, strutted, propped and so supported that it shall not
deform under weight and pressure of the concrete and also due to the movement of
men and other materials. Bamboos shall not be used as props or cross bracings.

The shuttering for beams and slabs shall be so erected that the shuttering on the
sides of beams and under the soffits of slab can be removed without disturbing the
beam bottoms.

Re-propping of beams shall not be done except when props have to be


reinstated to take care of construction loads anticipated being in excess of the design
load. Vertical props shall be supported on wedges or other measures shall be taken
whereby the props can be gently lowered vertically while striking the shuttering.

If the shuttering for a column is erected for the full height of the column, one side
shall be left open and built upon sections as placing of concrete proceeds, or windows
may be left for pouring concrete from the sides to limit the drop of concrete to 1mts or
as directed by Engineer-in-Charge.

Section V 17
f) INSPECTION OF FORMWORK:
Following points shall be borne in mind while checking during erection of
formwork and got approved by the Engineer-in-Charge before placing of reinforcement
bars:

a) Any member which is to remain in position'after the general dismantling is done,


should be clearly marked.

b) Material used should be checked to ensure that, wrong items I rejects are not
used.

c) If there is any excavation nearby which may influence the safety of form works,
corrective and strengthening action must be taken.

d) i). The bearing soil must be sound and well prepared and the sole plates
shall bear well on the ground.

ii) Sole plates shall be properly seated on its bearing pads or Sleepers.

iii)The bearing plates of steel props shall not be distorted.

iv) The steel parts on the bearing members shall have adequate bearing areas.

e) Safety measures to prevent impact of traffic; scour due to water etc. should be
taken. Adequate precautionary measures shall be taken to prevent accidental
impacts etc.

f) Bracing, struts and ties shall be installed along with the progress of form Work to
assure strength and stability of formwork at intermediate Stage. Steel sections
(especially deep sections) shall be adequately retained against tilting, over turning
and formwork should be restrained against horizontal loads. All the securing
devices and bracing shall be tightened.

g) The stacked materials shall be placed as catered for, in the design.

h). When adjustable steel props are used, they should i). Be undamaged
and not visibly bent. ii). Have the steel pins provided by the
manufactures for use. iii). Be restrained laterally near each end. (iv).
Have means for centralizing beams placed in the fork heads.

i). Screw adjustment of adjustable props shall not be over extended.

j). Double wedges shall be provided for adjustment of the form to the required
position wherever any settlement / elastic shortening of props occurs. Wedges
should be used only at the bottom end of single prop. Wedges should not be too
steep and one of the pair should be tightened / clamped down after adjustment to
prevent their shifting.
k). No member shall be eccentric upon vertical member.
l). The number of nuts and bolts shall be adequate.
m). All provisions of the design and / or drawings shall be complied with.
n). Cantilever supports shall be adequate.

Section V 18
o). Props shall be directly under one another in multistage constructions as far as
possible.

p). Guy ropes or stays shall be tensioned properly.

q). There shall be adequate provision for the movement and operation of vibrators
and other construction plant and equipment.

r). Required camber shall be provided over long spans.

s). Supports shall be adequate, and plumb within the specified tolerances.

g) FORM OIL:
Use of form oil shall not be permitted on the surface, which required painting. If
the contractor desire to use form oil on the inside of form work of the other concrete
structures, a non staining mineral oil or their approved oil CEMOL-35 of Ms.Hindustan
Petroleum Co. Ltd; may be used, provided it is applied before placing reinforcing steel
and embedded parts. All excess oil on the form surfaces and any Oil on metal or other
parts to be embedded in the concrete shall be carefully removed. Before treatment with
oil, forms shall be thoroughly cleared of dried splatter of concrete from placement of
previous lift.

h) Working platform

The Contractor shall provide safe working platform for workmen, when working above
ground level. Safe method of approach shall be provided to reach locations above
ground level. Handrails shall be provided for all working platforms. Hanging platforms
shall have safety net provisions. All ladders shall have handrails and shall not be kept
vertical. All platforms, ladders handrails etc. shall be firmly secured to ground or on
supports. No loosely supported ladders or platforms shall be used in the works. All
ladders and platforms shall have a kick plate 150mm high either MS or wooden board
for safety of personnel. Ladders and platforms shall be periodically cleaned of loose
debris etc.

h) CHAMFERS AND FILLERS:

All corners and angles exposed in the finished structure shall be formed with
moulding to form chamfers or fillers on the finished concrete. The standard dimensions
of chamfers and fillets, unless otherwise specified, shall be 20 x20 mm. Care shall be
exercised to ensure accurate moulding. The diagonal face of the moulding shall be
planed or surfaced to the same texture as the forms to which it is attached.

j) VERTICAL CONSTRUCTION JOINT CHAMFERS:


Vertical construction joints on faces which will be exposed at the completion of
the work shall be chamfered as above except where not permitted by Engineer-in-
Charge for structural or hydraulic reasons.

Section V 19
k) REUSE OF FORMS:
Before reuse, all forms shall be thoroughly scraped, cleaned, nails removed;
holes that may leak suitably plugged and joints examined and when necessary repaired
and the inside retreated to prevent adhesion, to the satisfaction of Engineer-in-charge.
Wrapped lumber shall be resized. Contractor shall equip himself with enough shuttering
to complete the job in the stipulated time.

l) STRIKING REMOVAL OF FORMS:

No forms shall be removed or staging struck until it is safe to do so and approved


by the Engineer. All vertical-centering members shall be sufficiently braced with stiff
members. Bamboos shall not be used as bracing members.

No forms shall be removed or staging struck until it is safe to do so and approved


by the Engineer. All vertical-centering members shall be sufficiently braced with stiff
members. Bamboos shall not be used as bracing members No forms shall be removed
or staging struck until it is safe to do so and approved by the Engineer. All vertical-
centering members shall be sufficiently braced with stiff members. Bamboos shall not
be used as bracing members. All formwork shall be removed without shock or vibration
and without damaging the new concrete. The side forms shall be so fixed that while
removing the supporting forms and posts are not disturbing to any extent. In no
circumstances should the supporting forms be struck until the'concrete reaches a
strength of at-least twice the stress to which the concrete may be subject at the time of
striking. Under normal conditions the periods shown below are the minimum which
should be allowed between the placing of the concrete and removal of the forms. In
case of horizontal members it is desirable that the supports or props should be kept for
sufficiently long period in order to present sagging of the members.

EARLIEST CONCRETE AGE AT STRIPPING


Normal weather temp.
Sl. above 20oC
No.
Class of structures Ordinary Portland Portland Pozzolana
cement cement
Walls, columns and After 16 to 24 hours After 72hours
a. vertical sides of beam
b. Slab props (left under) 3days
Beams soffits (props 7days
c. left under)
Removal of props to
d. slabs
d.1 Spanning up to 4.5mts 7days 14days
d.2 Spanning over 4.5mts 14days 21days
e. Removal of propos to
slabs
e.1 Spanning up to 6.0mts 14days 21days
e.2 Spanning over 6.0mts 21days 28days
F Cantilever construction Not until adequate strength is developed

Section V 20
m) MODE OF MEASUREMENT:
In case the items of concreting are inclusive of cost of formwork, no separate
measurements shall be taken for formwork. However, if the form work is to be paid
separately and the item exists in the schedule of quantities for various types of form
work the net area of exposed surface of concrete members as shown in drawings
coming in contact with form work shall be measured under item of formwork in square
meters.

All temporary formwork such as bulkheads, stop boards provided at construction


joints, which are not shown in the drawings, shall not be measured.

No deductions shall be made for openings/obstructions up to an area of 0.1


sqmt and nothing extra shall be paid for forming such openings.

The rate includes the cost of scaffolding, shuttering materials, erection charges,
transport, de-shuttering and removal of materials from site and inclusive of all labour
and consumables required for all such operations.

STEEL REINFORCEMENT:

All reinforcement bars supplied by contractor shall be of grade Fe 415 TMT bars
conform strictly to I.S. 432/1786 latest revision. Reinforcing rods shall be fabricated to
shapes and dimensions shown and shall be placed where indicated on the drawings, or
required to carryout intent of drawing and specifications. Before being placed,
reinforcement shall be thoroughly inspected and cleaned. Reinforcement shall not be
bent or straightened in manner injuries to the material. Bars with kinks or bends not
shown on drawings shall not be placed. The reinforcement shall be cleaned of rust and
scales at all stages of work without extra cost to the Department. Reinforcement shall
not be spliced at points of maximum stress. Laps for reinforcement shall 40 times the
dia for column, beam, slab etc. unless otherwise specified in the drawing. The
intersections of 4 rods crossing each other shall be bound with 16 SWG binding wire
such that joints will not be displaced in the process of placing concrete.
The cost of steel used by the Contractor in the reinforcement of beam, slabs and
columns etc. will be paid as per rate for reinforcement only up to the extent shown in the
drawings. Any laps and hooks provided by the Contractor for his own convenience shall
not be measured for payment. Splices in adjacent bars shall be staggered. The
reinforcing bars shall be placed as directed by the Engineer and shall be kept rigidly in
position while the concreting is being done. The correct clearance from the formwork, as
indicated under Para ' Concrete cover over reinforcement'below shall be maintained by
using either pre-cast blocks or metal chairs to be provided by the Contractor without
extra charge. The pre-cast blocks used for spacing will be properly cast and cured and
will be of the same mix, as of the concrete. Spacers and supporting chairs provided for
correct positioning of various layers of reinforcement will be provided without any extra
charge.

a) STORAGE:
The reinforcement steel shall not be kept in direct contact with ground but
stacked on top of an arrangement of timber sleepers or the like. Reinforcement steel
shall be coated with cement wash before stacking to prevent scale and rust if it has to
be stored for longer time. Fabricated reinforcement shall be carefully stored to prevent
damage, distortion, corrosion and deteriorations.

Section V 21
b) QUALITY:
All steel shall be Grade Fe 415 as per 1786 quality unless specifically permitted
by the Engineer-in charge. No re-rolled material will be accepted. The contractor shall
submit the manufacturers test certificate for steel of each consignment delivered at site.
If demanded by the Engineer-in-charge the contractor shall submit the third party test
certificate for each 50 MT. The department shall perform random tests on steel supplied
by the contractor as per relevant Indian Standards. All costs incidental to such tests
shall be at Contractors expense. Steel not conforming to specifications shall be
rejected. All reinforcement shall be clean, free from grease, oil, paint, dirt, loose mill,
scale, loose rust, dust, bituminous material or any other substances that will destroy or
reduce the bond. All rods shall be thoroughly cleaned before being fabricated. Pitted
and defective rods shall not be used. All bars shall be rigidly held in position before
concreting. No welding of rods to obtain continuity shall be allowed unless approved by
the Engineer-in-charge. If welding is approved, the work shall be carried as per I.S.
2751, according to best modern practices and as directed by the Engineer-in-charge. In
all cases of important connections, tests shall be made to prove that the joints are of the
full strength of bars welded. Special specifications, as specified by the Engineer-in-
charge shall be adhered to in the welding of cold worked reinforcing bars and bars other
than mild steel.

c) Splicing of Reinforcement Bars:

Lap splicing
Lapping of reinforcement bars shall be done at locations as shown in the drawings or as
directed by the Engineer. However not more than 50% of the splices shall be provided
in one location. The lap length shall not be less than that specified in the drawings. If not
specified, the lap length shall be decided by the Engineer. Splices in adjacent bars shall
be staggered and the locations of all splices, except those specified on the drawings
shall be approved by the Engineer. The bars shall not be lapped unless the length
required exceeds the maximum available lengths of bars. At such locations, whereby
providing lap splice is giving rise to congestion of reinforcement or wherever required as
per Engineer, such splice shall be replaced with welding/ mechanical splicing at the
discretion of the Engineer.

d) BENDING:
All bars shall be accurately bent according to the sizes and shapes shown on the
detailed working drawing bar bending schedules. They shall be bent gradually by
machine or other approved means. Reinforcing bars shall not be straightened and re-
bent in a manner that will injure the materials. Bars containing cracks or splits shall be
rejected. They shall be bent cold, in all diameters. Bars incorrectly bent shall be used
only of the means used for straightening and rebinding in the opinion of the Engineer-in-
charge injures the material. No reinforcement bar shall be bent when in position in the
work without approval, whether or not it is partially embedded in hardened concrete.
Bars having kinks or bends other than those required by design shall not be used.

Section V 22
e) BENDING AT CONSTRUCTION JOINTS:
Where reinforcement bars are bent aside at construction joints and afterwards
bent back into their original position, care should be taken to ensure that at no time the
radius of the bend is less than 4 bar diameters for plain mild steel or 6 bar diameters for
deformed bars. Care shall also be taken when bending back bars to ensure that the
concrete around the bar is not damaged.

f) FIXING/PLACING AND TOLERANCE ON PLACING:


Reinforcement shall be accurately fixed by any approved means maintained in
the correct position as shown in the drawings by the use of blocks, spacers and chairs
as per IS.2502 to prevent displacement during placing and compaction of concrete.
Bars intended to be in contact at crossing point shall be securely bound together at all
such points with number 16 gauge annealed soft iron wire. The vertical distances
required between successive layers of bars in beams or similar members shall be
maintained by the provision of mild steel spacer bars at such intervals that the main
bars do not perceptibly sag between adjacent spacer bars.

g) TOLERANCE ON PLACING OF REINFORCEMENT:


Unless otherwise specified by the Engineer-in-charge reinforcement shall be
placed within the tolerances given in IS 456-2000

h) COVER TO REINFORCEMENT:

The cover shall be as specified in the drawings. Unless otherwise specified, the
cover shall be given as per IS 456-2000.The minimum clear distance between
reinforcing bars shall be in accordance with IS-456 or as shown in drawing.

i) INSPECTION:
Erected and secured reinforcement shall be inspected and approved by
Engineer-in-charge prior to placement of concrete.

j) MODE OF MEASUREMENT FOR REINFORCEMENT FOR RCC WORKS:


Reinforcement as detailed in schedule of quantities shall be measured for
payment linearly as per the cutting length nearest to a centimeter shown in bar bending
schedule submitted by the contractor and approved by the Engineer-in-charge and
weight calculated based on the standard weights. The unit weight of steel shall be taken
as given below.

No allowance shall be made/be measured in the weight for rolling margin. Only
authorized laps shall be measured. As far as possible, laps in bars shall be avoided.
Any laps and hooks provided by the contractor other than authorized as per approved
bar bending schedule will be considered to have been provided by the contractor for his
own convenience and shall not be measured for payment. Pins, chairs, spacers shall be
provided by the contractor wherever required as per drawing and bar bending schedule
and as directed by the Engineer-in-charge and shall be measured for payment. Fan
hooks as required shall be provided by the contractor under this item and shall be
measured for payment.

The rate shall be the cost of all materials and labour required for all above,
operations including transport, wastage straightening, cutting, bending, binding and the
binding wire required, and the cost of the cover block.

Section V 23
a) Bar or any other type of reinforcement used for reinforced concrete shall be
measured by weight in M.T.
b) Standard hooks, authorized chairs, cranks, bends authorized laps etc. shall be
measured.
c) Separate pieces between two or more layers of steel shall be measured.
d) No separate payment shall be made for binding wires.
e) No payment shall be made for the waste in cut pieces of bars etc.
f) Fan hooks shall be measured as part of reinforcement.
g) The rate shall include for straightening the bars/coils and cleaning as per
specification. No separate payment shall be made for placing at various lifts.

The contractor shall record the date upon which each part of the work is concreted
together with the date upon which the shuttering is removed. No shuttering or centering
shall be removed until an approved period has elapsed since the last date on which the
concrete was placed in the parts of the work, concerned. Notwithstanding the approval
of the Engineer any damage or other consequence arising there from shall be the
contractor's entire responsibility.

*****

CEMENT PLASTERING FOR WALLS AND CEILINGS

SCOPE OF WORK:

The work covered under these specifications consists of supplying all materials and
rendering all types of plaster / pointing finishes strictly in accordance with these
specifications, applicable drawings etc.

GENERAL
Cement sand and water required for the work shall conform to specifications laid down
herein before under section cement concrete (plain and reinforced), except that sand for
finishing coat shall be fine sand conforming to I.S. 1542 -1960. The plastering works
shall generally conform I.S. 1661 – 1978 (Pt. III) (Code of practice for cement and
cement lime plaster finish on walls and ceilings). All general precautions as specified in
I.S. 1661 – 1987 (Pt. III) clause-8, shall be taken and preparation of the back ground
shall be done as laid down in I.S. 1661 clause 12 and I.S. 2402 – 1963 shall be
generally followed for rough cast and sand faced plaster work. The contractor at his
own cost shall provide scaffolding required for facility of working. This may be double or
single according to the requirement and shall be approved by the Engineer – in –
charge. Stage scaffolding shall be erected when ceiling plastering is done. The
contractor shall be responsible for accidents, if any, take place. The contractor shall co-
operate with the other agencies also. Whenever electrical contractor/agency has to fix
up switch boxes in walls, necessary Thiyyas, tapanish or Dhadas shall be arranged to
be given in advance of actual plastering process at these locations so that the boxes
are fixed properly in line with finished plaster surface. All finishing in and around these
boxes as also around the conduit boxes in ceiling shall be done by plastering contractor
without any extra cost to the Department. The decision of the Engineer-in-charge in this
regard shall be final and binding on the contractor.

Section V 24
PREPARATION OF SURFACE:

The surface to be plastered shall first be thoroughly cleaned of all muck and cleaned
down. All joints shall be raked out in case of brick work/stone masonry and closely
hacked in case of concrete as the work proceeds. The surface to be plastered shall be
well wetted for a minimum period of 6 hours before commencing the work. The mortar
for all plaster work shall be cement mortar of mix as specified in the schedule of
quantities.

After erection of scaffolding and before commencement of plastering work, top most
junctions/joints/sides with beam/ column shall be thoroughly packed with cement mortar
to prevent cracks.

Before commencement of plastering operation the contractor shall ensure that all the
service pipes, electrical conduits, boxes, switch boxes etc. have been installed in
position by other agencies and the plastering surface is duly approved by the Engineer-
in-charge. In order to enable other service contractors to fix the electrical conduits,
conduit boxes, EDBs, pipes, outlets etc. in proper level and line with reference to the
finished surface of the plaster. Thiyyas and Tapanis i.e. finished plaster patches shall
be given by the main civil contractor on walls, ceiling at regular intervals well in advance
of his plaster work at no extra cost to the department. The entire work of preparation of
surface before plastering shall thus be co-ordinated by the main civil contractor with all
other agencies working at site.

Just before actual plastering work is taken up in hand all the ceiling and walls etc, shall
be marked with Tapanis or Thiyyas indicating the thickness of plaster required and
which shall be in true line, level and plumb. The contractor shall get these marks
approved by the Engineer-in-Charge before starting the plastering work. The contractor
shall also be responsible to render the final surface true to line, level and plumb etc.

All building operations like construction of walls, concreting etc. shall have been
completed before plastering is taken up. The plastering operation should be taken up
only after the service pipes etc. that are to be embedded in the wall or ceiling are
completed and suitably protected against corrosion by other agencies and okayed by
the Engineer-in-charge. Damage if caused to any of the existing fittings, fixtures
including doors and windows etc. during the plastering operation shall be made good by
the contractor at his own cost.

If the surface which is to be plastered either internally or externally is out of plumb and
not in line and level and if the plastering to be done is more than specified thickness to
bring the plastered surface to perfect line and levels, in such specific cases. Chicken
wire mesh is to be provided by the contractor at his own cost and the plaster should be
done to required line and level with no extra cost whatsoever.

The finished plastered surfaces shall be free from cracks, fissures, crevices, hair cracks,
blistering, local swellings and flaking. The finished surface shall be true to line, level,
plumb & plain and durable. The adhesion of the mortar with the background surface is
of prime importance as this affects durability of plaster preparation of surface which has
to take plastering is of great importance. Before starting the plastering work the surface
should be got approved by the Engineer-in-Charge.

Section V 25
In order to avoid the formation of deep and side cracks and for dispersion of cracks at
the junctions between concrete surface and brick masonry work as also between
junction of windows/door frames and brick masonry works, cautionary measures such
as fastening and lapping of chicken mesh over the junction areas should be carried out
over which the plastering work has to be taken up as required by the Engineer-in-
charge.

The minute gap between window/door frames with cills and jambs should be filled
up/caulked by plaster of paris/epoxy putty/silicon sealants, Rubber based sealants
(brand name TECHMAT/TECHCOAT) by caulking guns or by approved methods as
instructed/approved by Engineer-in-Charge.

GROOVES:

The grooves shall be or required dimensions. The same shall be made to turn
wherever necessary. The finish, inside, shall be of the same finish as that of the
plaster. The lines of the grooves shall be well defined and rounded. The grooves are to
be provided in plastering in internal and external surfaces and shall be paid extra in the
rates give in schedule of quantities.

MIX PROPORTIONS:
The mortar for plastering shall be of proportion as specified in the item schedule. The
mixes specified in the schedule are volumetric.

MIXING
Cement and fine aggregates shall be mixed dry in the required proportions to obtain a
uniform colour. Water shall then be added to get the required consistency for the
plaster.

Mixing shall be done mechanically. However, manual mixing will be allowed only in
exceptional circumstances at the discretion of the Engineer-in-Charge. Manual mixing,
where adopted, shall be carried out on a clean water tight platform. After water is
added during mixing, the mix shall be held back and forth for 10 to 15 minutes.

In machine mixing, the mixer shall run atleast five minutes after placing all the
ingredients in the drum. Only so much quantity of mortar which can be used within half
an hour after the addition of water shall be prepared at a time. Any mortar for plaster
which is set or partially set shall be rejected and shall be removed forthwith from the
site.

12 MM PLASTER

The plaster shall be laid with somewhat more than 12 mm, thickness and pressed and
levelled with wooden ruler to a finished thickness of 12 mm. Straight edges shall be
freely used to ensure a perfectly even surface. All exposed angles and junctions of
walls, doors, windows, beams, slabs etc. shall be carefully finished so as to furnish a
neat and even surface.

Section V 26
20 MM PLASTER

The proportions of sand and cement shall be as specified and shall cover all
irregularities, undulations, depressions due to chasing etc. in the surface to be
plastered. The mortar shall be applied slightly more than 20mm. thick and pressed and
levelled with wooden ruler or straight edge to finished thickness of 20mm. Straight
edges shall be freely used to ensure a perfectly even surface. The finished surface
shall be true and even and present uniform texture throughout and all joining marks
shall be eliminated. All corners, edges and angles shall be made perfectly to line, plane
and plumb.
All exposed angles and junctions of walls, doors, windows, beams, slabs etc. shall be
carefully finished so as to furnish a neat and even surface.

Plastering items amongst all other things as described in various items also include:

i) Preparation of surfaces to receive the plaster, providing cement plaster of the


specified average thickness and proportions with specified number of coats.
ii) All labour, materials, scaffolding, use of tools and equipment to complete the
plastering work as per specifications.
iii) Curing for 10 days.
iv) Cleaning the surface of doors, windows, floors or any other surface where
plastering might have splashed.
v) Finishing the portion of plaster left above the terrazzo, plain cement tiles, ironite
or any type of skirting work to be finished rounded or as directed by the
Engineer-in-Charge, in a separate operation after laying of floors tiles, skirting.

MODE OF MEASUREMENT:
Area of plastering will be measured net and shall be paid for. The measurement of
length of wall plastering shall be taken between walls or partitions (dimensions before
plastering shall be taken) for the length and from top of the floor or skirting or dado as
the case may be to the underside of ceiling for the height. All openings more than 0.1
sqm. shall be deducted and all jambs, soffits, sills of these openings if done, will be
measured to arrive to the net area for payment. No opening less than 0.1 sqm. shall be
deducted and no jambs etc. for such openings shall be measured for payment. The rate
shall include the cost of finishing all the edges, corners, cost of all materials, labours,
scaffolding, transport, curing etc.

The rate shall include the cost of finishing all the edges, corners, cost of all materials,
labour, transport, scaffolding, curing etc. and grooved if so specified in the item of
schedule of quantities.

The rate for plastering should include the cost of work towards the following items for
co-ordination with electrical item.

1. Neatly plastering around DBs, junction boxes, M.S. boxes etc. should be done
and made matching with the wall finish after installation of electrical equipments.
2. All DBs, service boxes, covers etc. should be covered by a plastic cloth or other
suitable covering materials such that water or materials should not splash the
same during brick work and plastering work. This is to be done in such a way
that electrical equipments as well as painted surfaces are not spoiled.

Section V 27
3. For fixing M.S. boxes, DBs etc. Thiyya should be given such that the required
face of the M.S. box, DB covers etc inline with final finished plastered surface.

4. The rate for the item shall also include rounding up of corner and angles making
sharp corners and angles finishing around ceiling rose and electrical fittings etc.
fixed by other agencies, finishing of top of dado and skirting (zad finishing),
junctions of roof and wall or beam with the finish as specified in the item.
Plastering of brick and concrete cornice and copings and plastering in restricted
areas if any shall not be measured separately. Architectural bands and narrow
widths of plaster over structural as well as non-structural and the line when
prepared in the same thickness of plaster shall not be measured separately and
shall be covered by respective plaster items.
******

CUDDAPPAH STONE FLOORING/SKIRTING/FACIA/SHELVES:

MATERIALS:

Hand cut/machine cut for exposed edges and machine polished Cuddappah stone shall
be of the best quality and of the specified thickness, size and the shade which shall be
got approved by the Engineer-in-charge. The size given in schedule of quantities are
tentative and can vary only slightly as per availability in the market. The thickness of
the slab after it is dressed shall be 20, 25, 30 or 40 mm as specified in the item.
Tolerance of + 2 mm shall be allowed for the thickness. In respect of length & width,
tolerance in length & width shall be permissible up to + 5 mm for hand cut slabs & +2
mm for machine cut slabs. At its thinnest, no stone shall be thineer than the specified
thickness. The stone shall be hard sound, durable, resistant to wear, rectangular or
square in shape and as directed by the Engineer-in-charge. Uniformity of size shall
generally be maintained for the stones used in any one room. The stone shall be
without any soft. Veins, cracks or flaws and shall have uniform colour. They shall have
natural surface free from broken flakes on top, and the exposed surface shall be
machine polished to a smooth, even and true plane and the edges hand cut and
dressed true and squares. The evenness of the surface of slabs and edges of the slab
shall not be marred by careless dressing or handling and no patching up shall be
allowed for the slab. The edges shall be quite straight. The under face may be left as
required or rough dressed. Before taking up the work samples of stone slabs, to be
used and their dressing and polishing shall be got approved by the Engineers-in-charge
and will keep them in his office for reference and the stone slabs to be used shall
conform to the approved sample.

BEDDING /BACKING COAT

In case of flooring, the mortar bedding shall be cement mortar and in case of
skirting/dado, mortar bedding shall be cement mortar of thickness and mix specified in
the schedule of item.

CEMENT MORTAR

Cement mortar bedding shall be as specified under relevant specification for


terrazzo/plain cement tile flooring.

Section V 28
CONSTRUCTION DETAILS

Cement mortar as specified for bedding shall be uniformly mixed. The amount of water
added shall be the minimum necessary to give just sufficient plasticity for laying and
satisfactory bedding care shall be taken in preparing the mortar to ensure that there are
not hard lumps that would interfere with the even bedding of the stones. Before
spreading the mortar the sub-floor or base shall be cleaned of all dirt, set mortar scum
or laitance and of loose materials by hacking and brought to original levels and then well
wetted without forming pool of water on surfaces.

FIXING THE STONE SLAB/TILE:

Before laying, the stone shall be thoroughly wetted with clean water, neat cement grout
(2.75 kg/sq.m) of honey like consistency shall be spread on the mortar bed over as
much areas as could be covered with the slabs within half an hour. The specified type
of stone shall be laid on the neat cement float and shall be evenly and firmly bedded to
the required level and slop in the mortar bed. Each stone shall be gently tapped with
wooden mallet till it is firmly and properly bedded.

There shall be no hollows left. If there is a hollow sound on gently tapping off the slab,
such slab shall be removed and reset properly. The joints shall be grouted with
matching cement slury. Approved pigment shall be used in cement slurry to match with
shade of stone. Pigment required to match the shade of stone shall be supplied by the
contractor at no extra cost. The stone adjoining the wall shall go about 12mm (about
½”) under the plaster, skirting or dado for the wall. All stone slabs, tiles shall be so laid
as to have continuous lines from various rooms to the corridors. No change of lines
shall be permitted at junction between two rooms and corridors. Only one piece
machine cut, Cuddappah stone shall be used for trades and risers.

CURING:

The flooring shall be kept well wetted with damp sand or water for seven days.

POLISHING AND CLEANING:

When the bedding and joints have completely set and attained required strength, the
surface shall be machine polished to give smooth even and true plane to the flooring.
All flooring shall be thoroughly cleaned and handed over free from any mortar stains
etc.

SKIRTNG AND DADO/FACIA:

The quality and type of stone shall be same as mentioned for flooring except of their
height and thickness or backing coat which shall be as mentioned in item schedule.
The backing shall conform to the specifications for cement mortar specified for item of
ceramic tiles. Contractor should take into consideration the fact that touching up of the
plaster at the junction of skirting/dado is invariably done after the skirting/dado/ facia
wok is completed and quote rates accordingly. No extra for this touching up will be
entertained.

Section V 29
Fixing, curing, polishing and cleaning shall be as specified herein before under
cement/terrazzo tile skirting polishing may be done by hand, but a smooth surface and
fine polishing shall be obtained. Joints shall be done in near matching cement slurry.
The junction of plaster and the upper edges of the dado/skirting shall be finished
smoothly as directed by the Engineer-in-charge without any extra cost.

MODE OF MEASUREMENTS:

Flooring, skirting and dado/ facial shall be same as that for terrazzo cement tile,
flooring/skirting/dado. Shelves shall be paid on area basis in sqm. Calculated to two
places of decimal, where length and breadth shall be measured inclusive of bearings
correct to a cm. The permissible tolerance in the specified thickness shall be ( + ) 2
mm.

Note:

Wastage in obtaining the required machine cut, hand cut sizes as specified from the
commercial sizes available in market shall have been taken into consideration by
contractor while quoting the rate for work to be measured as above and no extra claim
on this account will be entertained.

*****

PAINTING:

SCOPE OF WORK:
The work covered under these specifications consist of furnishing the various types of
paints and also the workmanship for these items, in strict compliance with these
specifications, which are given in detail here-in-after with the item of schedule of
quantities.

MATERIALS:
Paints, oils, varnishes etc. of approved brand and manufacture shall be used. Ready
mixed paints as received from the manufacturer without any admixture shall be used.

If for any reasons, thinning is necessary in case of ready mixed paint, the brand of
thinner recommended by the manufacturer or as instructed by the Engineer-in-Charge
shall be used. Approved paints, oils or varnishes shall be brought to the site of work by
the contractor in their original containers in sealed condition. The materials shall be
brought in at a time in adequate quantities to suffice for the whole work or atleast a
fortnights work. The materials shall be kept in the joint custody of the contractor and the
Engineer-in-Charge. The empties shall not be removed from the site of work, till the
relevant item of work has been of copleted and permission obtained from the Engineer-
in-Charge.

The contractor shall associate the chemist of paint manufacturers before


commencement of work, during and after the completion of work who shall certify the
suitability of the surface to receive painting and the paint before use etc.

Section V 30
COMMENCING WORK:

Scaffolding: Wherever scaffolding is necessary, it shall be erected on double supports


tied together by horizontal pieces over which scaffolding planks shall be fixed. No
ballies, bamboos or planks shall rest on or touch the surface which is being painted.

Where ladders are used, pieces of old gunny bags shall be tied on their tops to avoid
damage or scratches to walls.

For painting of the ceiling, proper stage scaffolding shall be erected.

Painting shall not be started until and unless the Engineer-in-Charge has inspected the
items of work to be painted, satisfied himself about their proper quality and given his
approval to commence the painting work.

Painting except the priming coat, shall generally be taken in hand after all other builders
work, practically finished.

The rooms should be thoroughly swept out and the entire building cleaned up at least
one day in advance of the paint work being started.

PREPARATION OF SURFACE:
The surface shall the thoroughly cleaned. All dirt, rust, scales, smoke and grease shall
be thoroughly removed before painting is started. Minor patches if any in plastered/form
finished surfaces shall be repaired and finished in line and level in C.M. 1:1 and cracks
& crevices shall be filled with approved filler, by the contractor at no extra cost to the
Department. The prepared surface shall have received the approval of the Engineer-in-
Charge after inspection, before painting is commenced.

APPLICATION:
Before pouring into smaller containers for use, the paint shall be stirred thoroughly in its
containers. When applying also the paint shall be continuously stirred in the smaller
containers so that consistency is kept uniform.

The external surfaces of the buildings under reference including the R.C.C. Jalli, fins
and the panels above and below the window etc. shall be finished in different colours of
approved shade. The contractor will make suitable samples at site for Departments
approval before taking up the work in hand and they will be allowed to proceed with the
work only after getting Department approval for the same.

The painting shall be laid on evenly and smoothly by means of crossing and laying off,
the later in the direction of the gain in case of wood. The crossing & laying off consists
of covering the area with paint, brushing the surface hard for the first time and then
brushing alternately in opposite directions two or three time and then finally brushing
lightly in direction at right angles to the same. In this process, no brush marks shall be
left after the laying off is finished. The full process of crossing and laying will constitute
one coat.

Where so stipulated, the painting shall be done with spraying. Spray machine used
may be (a) a high pressure (small air aperture) type or (b) a low pressure (large air gap)
type, depending on the nature and location of work to be carried out. Skilled and

Section V 31
experienced workmen shall be employed for this class for work. Paints used shall be
brought to the requisite consistency by adding a suitable thinner. Spraying should be
done only when dry condition prevails.

Each coat shall be allowed to dry out thoroughly and rubbed smooth before the next
coat is applied. This should be facilitated by thorough ventilation.

Each coat except the last coat, shall be lightly rubbed down with sand paper or fine
pumice stone and cleaned of dust before the next coat is laid.

No left over paint shall be put back into the stock tins. When not in use, containers shall
be kept properly closed.

The final painted surface shall present a uniform appearance and no streaks, blisters,
hair marks from the brush or clogging of paint puddles in the corners of panels, angles
of mouldings etc. shall be left on the work.

In case of cement based paints/primers, the absorbent surfaces shall be evenly damped
so as to give even suction.

In painting doors and windows, the putty around the glass panes must also be painted,
but care must be taken to see that no paint stains etc. are left on the glass. Tops of
shutters and surfaces in similar hidden locations shall not be left out while painting.
Perspect covers of electrical switch boxes have to be painted from inside by removing
them. Care shall be taken while removing them in position after painting with respective
approved paints. In painting steel work, special care shall be taken while painting over
bolts, nuts, rivets, overlaps etc.

The additional specifications for primer and other coats of paints shall be as in
accordance to the detailed specifications under the respective headings.

Any damage caused during painting work to the existing works/surfaces shall be made
good by the contractor at his own cost.

BRUSHES AND CONTAINERS:


After work, the brushes shall be completely cleaned off paint and linseed oil by rinsing
with turpentine. A brush in which paint has dried up is ruined and shall on no account
be used for painting work. The containers, when not in use, shall be closed, kept air
tight and shall be kept at a place free from dust. When the paint has bee used, the
containers shall be washed with turpentine and wiped dry with soft clean cloth, so that
hey are clean & can be used again.

MEASUREMENT:

a) Painting, unless otherwise stated shall be measured by area in square metre.


Length and breadth shall be measured correct puts two places of decimal of a
metre.
b) No deduction shall be made for opening not exceeding 0.05 sqm. and no addition
shall be made for painting to the beading, moulding edges, jambs, soffits, sils,
architraves etc. of such openings.

Section V 32
c) In measuring painting, varnishing, oiling etc. of joinery and steel work etc., the
co-efficients as in the following table shall be used to obtain the areas payable.
The co-efficients shall be applied to the areas measured flat not girthed in all
cases.
d) In case of painting of door shutter with push plates in plastic laminate, deduction
will be made for area of such laminations.

Table of co-efficients to be applied over areas of different surfaces to get equivalent


plain areas.
Sl. Description of Work Multiplying C0-efficients
No
I WOOD WORK: DOORS, WINDOWS ETC.
1 Panelled of framed and braced doors, windows etc.
2 Ledged and battened or ledged, battened and braced
doors, windows etc. 1.30 (for each side)
3 Flush door etc. 1.20 (for each side)
4 Part paneled and part glazed or gauzed doors, 1.00 (for each side)
windows etc.
5 Fully glazed or gauzed doors, windows etc. 0.80 (for each side)
6 Fully venetioned or louvered doors, windows etc. 1.80 (for each side)
7 Trellis (or Jaffri) work one way or two way 2.00 (for painting all over)
8 Carved or enriched work: 2.00 (for each Side)
9 Weather boarding: 1.20 (for each side)
10 Wood shingle roofing: 1.10 (for each side)
11 Boarding with cover fillets and match boarding 1.05 (for each side)
12 Tile and slate battening: 0.80 (for painting all over)
II STEEL WORK: DOORS, WINDOWS ETC.
13 Plain sheeted steel door or windows: 1.10 (for each side)
14 Fully glazed or gauzed steel doors and windows 0.50 (for each side)
15 Partly panelled and partly gauzed or glazed doors and 0.80 (for each side)
windows
16 Corrugated sheeted steel doors or windows 1.25 (for each side)
17 Collapsible gates 1.50 (for painting all over)
18 Rolling shutters of inter looked laths. 1.10 (for each side)
III GENERAL WORKS:
19 Expanded metal, hard drawn steel wire fabric of 1.00 (for painting all over)
approved quality, grill work and gratings in guard bars,
balusters, railings, partitions and m.s. bars in window
frames.

NOTE: The height shall be taken from the bottom of the lowest rail, if the palisades do
not go below it (or from the lower end of palisades, if they project below the lowest rail)
upto the top of palisades but not puts the top of standards, if they are higher than the
palisades.

21 Corrugated iron sheeting in roofs, side cladding etc. 1.14 (for each side)
22 A.C. Corrugated sheeting in roofs, side cladding etc. 1.20 (for each side)
23 A.C. Semi-corrugated sheeting in roofs, side cladding 1.10 (for each side)
etc.
24 Wire gauze shutters including painting of wire gauze. 1.00 (for each side)

Section V 33
Explanatory notes on the table of Co-efficients

1. Where doors, window etc. are of composite types other than those included in
relevant para the different portions shall be measured separately with their
appropriate co-efficients, the centre line of the common rail being taken as the
dividing line between the two portions.
2. Measurements for doors, windows etc. shall be taken flat (and not girthed) over
all including chowkhats or frames, where provided. Where chawkhats or frames
are not provided, the shutter measurements shall be taken.
3. Collapsible gates shall be measured for width from outside to outside of gate in
its expanded position and for height from bottom to top of channel verticals. No
separate measurements shall be taken for the top and bottom guide, rails, rollers
fittings etc.
4. Rolling shutters of interlocked laths shall be measured for the actual shutter width
and the height from bottom of opening to the centre of the shaft. No separate
measurements shall be taken for painting guides and other exposed features
within or outside the shutter area. The painting of top cover or hood shall
however be measured separately.
5. Co-efficients for stiding doors shall be the same as for normal types of doors as
mentioned in the table. Measurements shall be taken outside be shutters, and
no separate measurements shall be taken for painting guides.
6. Measurement of painting of ddors, windows, coliapsible gates, rolling shutters
etc. as above shall be deemed to include painting all iron fittings in the same or
different shade for which no extra will be paid.
7. The measurements as above shall be deemed to include also the painting of
edge, blocks, cleats etc. for which no extra will be paid.
8. The co-efficients for doors and windows shall apply irrespective of the size of
frames and shutter members.
9. When the two faces of a door, window etc. are to be treated with different
specified finishes, measurable under separate items, the edges of frames and
shutters shall be treated with the one of the other type of finish as ordered by the
Engineer-in-Charge, and measurement of this will be deemed to be included in
the measurement of the face treated with that finish.
10. In the case where shutters are fixed on both faces of the frames, the
measurements for the door frame and shutter on one face shall be taken in the
manner already described while the additional shutter on the other face will be
measured for the shutter area only excluding the frame.
11. Where shutters are provided with clearance at top or/and bottom, such openings
shall be deducted from the over all measurements and relevant co-efiicients shall
be applied to obtain the area payable.
12. In case of trellis (or jaffri) work, the measurements shall include the painting of
the frame member for which no separate measurements shall be taken. Trellis
door or window shutter shall also be measured under trellis work.
13. Wherever air conditioning grill, lighting, fixtures etc. in false ceiling are painted
along with, measurements shall be taken over all without deductions for opening
in grills and no extra shall be paid for the grills. If grills, fixtures etc. are not
painted, area of fixtures or grills as measured flat (not grithed) shall be deducted
when it exceeds 0.05 sqm. individuals. Where walls and ceilings are painted in
separate colours, the junctions of two paints shall be brought down in the walls in
a straight line by above 6mm to 12mm if so desired, if the junctions of walls and
ceilings are not even. Nothing extra shall be paid to the contractor on this

Section V 34
account. Beading wherever provided shall not be measured separately but shall
be deemed to be included in the area of false ceiling etc. measured flat (not
grithed).
14. For painting open palisade fencing and gates etc., the height shall be measured
from the bottom of the lowest rail, if the palisades do not go below it, (or from the
lower end of the palisades, if they project below the lowest rail), upto the top of
rails or palisades whichever are higher, but not up to the top of standards when
the latter are higher than the top rails or palisades.
15. In the case of asbestos cement corrugated or semi-corrugated sheeting and iron
corrugated sheeting in roofs, side cladding etc., the work shall be measured flat
(not girthed) as fixed).
16. For trusses, compound girders, stanchions, lattice girder and similar work actual
areas will be measured in sqm. and no extra shall be paid for painting on bolt
heads, nuts, washers etc. even when the they are picked out in a different tint to
the adjacent work.
17. Painting of rain water, soil, waste, vent and water pipes etc. shall be measured in
running metres of the particular diameter of the paid for painting on bolt heads,
nuts, washers etc. even when they are picked out in a different tint to the
adjacent work.
18. Measurements of wall surfaces and wood and other works not referred to already
shall be recorded as per actual and opening exceeding 0.05 sqm. shall be
deducted to get the net payable area. Length and breadth shall be measured
correct upto two places of decimal of a metre and area so worked out shall be
correct upto two places of decimal of a square metre.
19. In case the items of work requiring painting are inclusive of cost of painting, the
painting carried out shall not be measured separately.

PRECAUTIONS:
All furnitures, lightings, fixtures, sanitary fittings, glazing, floors etc. shall be protected by
covering and stains, smears, splashing, if any shall be removed and any damage done
shall be made good by the contractor at his cost.
RATE:
Rates shall include cost of all labour and materials involved on all the operations
described above and in the particular specifications given under the several items.
(A) PAINTING PRIMING COAT ON WOOD, IRON OR PLASTERED SURFACES:
Primer:
1. The primer for wood work, iron work or plastered surface shall be as specified in
the description of the item.
2. Primer for wood work/iron & Steel/Plastered/Aluminium surfaces shall be as
specified below:
Surfaces Primer to be used
a. Wood work (hard & soft wood): Pink conforming to I.S.
3536-1966.
b. Resinous wood and ply wood: Aluminium Primer
c. Iron & Steel, Aluminium and galvanized Zinc chromate primer
steel work: conforming to I.S. 104-
1962.
d. Plastered surfaces, cement brick work,
Asbestos surfaces for oil bound distemper
and paint: Cement Primer.

Section V 35
3. The primer shall be ready mixed primer of approved brand and manufacture.

a) Wood work: The wood work to be painted shall be dry and free frommoisture.

The surface shall be thoroughly cleaned. All unevenness shall be rubbed down
smooth with sand paper and shall be well dusted. Knots, if any, shall be covered
with preparation of red lead made by grinding red lead in water and mixing with
strong glue sized and used hot. Appropriate filler material with same shade as
paint shall be used where so desired by the Engineer-in-Charge.

The surface treated for knotting shall be dry before painting is applied. After the
priming coat is applied, the holes and indentation of the surface shall be stopped
with glaziers putty or wood putty (for specifications for glaziers putty and wood
putty-refer as mentioned here-in-before). Stopping shall not be done before the
priming coat is applied as the wood will absorb the oil in the stopping and the
latter is therefore liable to crack.

b) Iron and Steel Work: All rust and scales shall be removed by scrapping or by
brushing with steel wire brushes. Hard skin of oxide formed on the surface of
wrought iron during rolling which becomes loose by rusting, shall be removed.

All dust and dirt shall be thoroughly wiped away from the surface.

If the surface is wet, it shall be dried before priming coat is undertaken.

c) Plastered Surface: The surface shall ordinarily not be painted until it has dried
completely. Trial patches of primer shall be laid at intervals and where drying is
satisfactory, painting shall be taken in hand. Before primer is applied, holes and
undulations, shall be filled up with plaster of paris and rubbed smooth.

Application: The primer shall be applied with brushes, worked well into the surface
and spread even and smooth. The painting shall be done by crossing and laying off as
described here-in-before.

Other Details: The specifications for Painting (General) in relevant para shall hold good
so far as it is applicable.

(B) PAINTING WITH SUPERIOR QUALITY AND FLAT OIL READY MIXED PAINTS
ON NEW SURFACE:

Paint: Ready mixed paints shall be of approved brand and manufacture and of the
required shades. They shall conform in all respects to the relevant I.S. specifications.

Section V 36
Preparation of Surface:

(a) Wood work: The surface shall be cleaned and all unevenness removed as in
relevant para. Knots if visible, shall be covered with a preparation of red lead.
Holes and indentations on the surface shall be filled in with glaziers putty or
wood putty and rubbed smooth before painting is done. The surface should be
thoroughly dry before painting.
(b) Iron and steel work: The primer coat shall have dried up completely before
painting is started. Rust and scaling shall be carefully removed by scraping or by
brushing with steel wire brushes. All dust and dirt shall be carefully and
thoroughly wiped away.
(c) Plastered surfaces: The priming coat shall have dried up completely before
painting is started. All dust or dirt that has settled on the priming coat shall be
thoroughly wiped before painting is started.

Application: The specifications mentioned here-in-before shall hold good as far as


applicable.

The number of coats to be applied will be as stipulated in the item. The painted surface
shall present a uniform appearancel and glossy/semiglossy finish, free from streaks,
blisters etc.

Other details: The specifications for Painting (General) specified here-in-before shall
hold good in so far as they applicable.

(C) PAINTING WITH SYNTHETIC ENAMEL/SEMIGLOSSY PAINT ON NEW WORK:

1) Paint: Synthetic enamel/semi glossy paint of approved brand and manufacture


and required shade shall be used for the top coat and an under coat of shade to
match the top coat as recommended by the manufacturer shall be used. The
paint shall be conforming to IS:1932 – 1964.
2) Preparation of Surface: This shall be as per painting with superior quality ready
mixed paint as mentioned here-in-before.

3) Application: The number of coats including the under coat shall be as


stipulated in the item.

3.1 Under Coat: One coat of the specified paint of shade to the shade of the tope coat
shall be applied and allowed to dry over night. It shall be rubbed next day with the finest
grade of wet abrasive paper to ensure a smooth and even surface free from brush
marks and all loose particles shall be dusted off. All the cracks, crevices, roughness
etc. will be filled with approved putty as per manufacturers recommendations.

3.2 Top Coat: Finishing coats of specified paint of the desired colour & shade shall be
applied after the under coat is thoroughly dried. Additional finishing coats shall be
applied if found necessary to ensure a proper and uniform semi glossy surface.

4.Other Details: The specifications for “Painting (General)” mentioned here-in-before


shall hold good as far as they are applicable.

Section V 37
(D) PAINTING WITH A CRYLIC EMULSION/PLASTIC EMULSION PAINT

1. This shall be polyvinyl based Acrylic/plastic emulsion paint of approved


manufacture of the required shade, conforming to I.S. 5411-1969.
2. Primer: The primer to be used for the painting with acrylic emulsion on cement
concrete surfaces, plastered surfaces, A.C. sheets, timber and metal surfaces, if
necessary, shall be of approved base and as per recommendations of the
manufacturers.
3. Putty: Plaster filler to be used for filling up (putting) uneven surfaces, small
cracks and holes etc. shall be of approved compound and as per
recommendations of the manufacturers.
4. Finishing coats: All the finishing coats shall be of matt finish or any other finish
as required by the Engineer-in-charge. The number of finishing coats shall be
as specified in the item.

MODE OF MEASUREMENT:
All the measurements for payment shall be taken on net surface area actually painted,
unless otherwise specified Deduction will be made from the areas for fixtures, grills,
ventilation, outlets, electrical boxes and such obstructions not painted, if they are
individually more than 0.05 sqm.

JOB REQUIREMENTS:
i) Acrylic emulsion paint is required to be provided on plastered and concrete
surfaces in portions of the building. The Department shall reserve the options to
delete or increase quantities in full or part from the scope of contract during
progress of work.
ii) All wood surface are to be painted with semi glossy synthetic enamel paint with
an approved primer.
iii) All shades and colours of paints shall be subjected to review and prior approval
of Engineer-in-Charge shall be taken before the application.

WHITE WASHING WITH LIME:

Preparation of Surface: Before new work is white washed, the surface shall be
thoroughly brushed free from mortar droppings and foreign-matter.

In the case of old work, all loose pieces and scales shall be scrapped off and holes in
plaster as well as patches of less than 0.05 sqm area each shall be filled up with mortar
of the same mix. Where so specifically ordered by the Engineer-in-charge, the entire
surface of old white wash shall be thoroughly removed by scrapping and this shall be
paid for separately.

Preparation of lime wash: The wash shall be prepared from fresh stone white lime
“Katani” or equivalent. The lime shall be thoroughly slaked on the spot, mixed and
stirred with sufficient water to make to thin cream. This shall be allowed to stand for a
period of 24 hours and then shall be screened thoroughly a clean cloth. 40 gm, of gum
dissolved in hot water, shall be added to each 10 cubic decimeter of the cream. The
approximate quantity of water to be added in making the cream will be 5 litres of water
to one kg. of lime.

Section V 38
Indigo (Neel) up to 3 gm, per kg, of lime dissolved in water, shall then be added and
wash stirred well. Water shall then be added at the rate of about 5 ltrs. Per kg. of lime
to produce a milky solution.
The lime shall be tested in a chemical laboratory and test certificate submitted, to
conform the quality of lime with regard to its physical and chemical properties. The cost
of testing lime shall be borne by the contractor.

White washing: The white wash shall be applied with brushes or by spray in the
specified number of coats. The operation for each coat in the case of brush application
shall consist of a stroke of the brush given from the top downwards, another from the
bottom upwards over the first stroke, and similarly one stroke horizontally from the right
and another from the left before it dries.

Each coat shall be allowed to dry before the next one is applied. Further each coat
shall be inspected and approved by the Engineer-in-charge before the subsequent coat
is applied. No portion of the surface shall be left out initially to be patched up later on.

For the work, three or more coats shall be applied till the surface present a smooth and
uniform finish through which the plaster does not show. The finished dry surface shall
not show any sign of cracking and peeling nor shall it come off readily on the hand when
rubbed.

Protective Measures: Doors, windows, floors, articles of furniture etc. and such parts
of the building not to be white washed shall be protected from being splashed upon.
Splashings and droppings, if any, shall be removed by the contractor at his own cost
and the surfaces cleaned. Damages if any to painted surfaces, furnitures or fittings and
fixtures etc. shall be recoverable from the contractor.

Measurements: All measurements for payment shall be taken on net surface areas
actually white washed, unless otherwise specified. Deductions will be made from the
areas for fixtures, grills, ventilation, outlets, electrical boxes and such obstruction not
painted if they are individually more than 0.05 sqm. length and breadth shall be taken
correct upto two places of decimal of a metre and areas so worked out shall be correct
upto two places of decimals of a square metre.

Corrugated surfaces shall be measured flat as fixed and the area so measured shall be
increased by the following percentages to allow for the girthed area.

Corrugated asbestos cement sheets: 20%

Semi-corrugated asbestos cement sheets: 10%

The number of coats of each treatment shall be sated. The item shall include removing
nails, making good holes, cracks, patches etc. not exceeding 0.05 sqm. each with
materials similar in composition to the surface to be prepared.

Rate: The rate shall include the cost of all materials and labour involved in all the
operations described above.

For the work, the priming coat shall be of white wash lime or with whiting as specified in
the description of the item. Two or three coats, shall then be applied as specified on the

Section V 39
entire surface till it represents a smooth and uniform finish. Each coat after applying
shall be got approved from the engineer-in-Charge.

The finished dry surface shall not be powdery and shall not readily come off on the hand
when rubbed.

Other specifications as detailed for Whitewahing with lime shall be applicable.


Indigo (Neel) shall however, not be added.

DRY DISTEMPERING:
(a) Distemper: Dry distemper (IS: 427-1965) of approved brand and manufacture,
colour and required shade shall be used. The dry distemper shall be stirred
slowly in clean water using 0.6 litre of water per kg. of distemper or as specified
by the manufacturers. Warm water shall preferably be used. It shall be allowed
to stand for atleast 30 minutes before use. The mixture shall be invariably well
stirred before and during use to maintain an even consistency.
(b) Preparation of surface: This shall be as for Painting work mentioned here-in-
before in so far as it is applicable.
(c) Application: In case of new work, the treatment shall consist of a priming coat
followed by the application of two or more coats of distemper till the surface
shows an even colour.
i) Priming coat: Priming coat of whiting shall be applied over the prepared
surface. The whiting (ground white chalk) shall be dissolved in sufficient
quantity of warm water and thoroughly stirred to form a thin slurry which shall
then be screened through a clean coarse cloth. Two kg. of gum and 0.4 kg. of
copper sulphate dissolved separately in hot water shall be added for every cum.
of the slurry which shall then be diluted with water to the consistency of milk so
as to make a wash ready for use. No white washing coat shall be used as a
priming coat for distempering.
ii) The application of each coat as mentioned in the specifications for painting
(General) here-in-before, shall hold good, as far as it is applicable.

OIL EMULSION (OIL BOUND) DISTEMPERING:


(a) Oil bound distemper (IS: 428 1969) of approved brand and manufacture, colour
and required shade shall be used. The primer where used as on new work shall
be cement primer or distemper primer as specified in the item. These shall be of
the same manufacture as distemper. The distemper shall be diluted with water
or any other prescribed thinner in a manner recommended by manufacturer.
Only sufficient quantity of distemper required for days work shall be prepared.
(b) Preparation of surfaces: The surface shall be prepared as described here-in-
before for painting work in so far as it is applicable and approved putty/filler shall
be applied to the entire to get uniform and smooth surface before application of
primer.

Application: The cement primer or distemper primer shall be applied by brushing and
not by spraying. Hurried priming work shall be avoided. Particularly on absorbent
surface. New plaster patches in old work before applying oil bound distemper
shall be treated with cement primer/distemper primer. The surface shall be
finished as uniformly as possible leaving no brush marks. Priming coat shall be
allowed to dry for at least 48 hours before oil bound distemper is applied. Before
applying distemper, the surface shall be lightly sand prepared to make it smooth
for receiving the oil bound distemper, taking care not to rub out the priming coat.

Section V 40
A time interval of at least 24 hours shall be allowed between consecutive coats to
permit the proper drying of the preceding coat. Two or more coats of distemper
as are found necessary shall be applied over the priming coat to obtain an even
shade.

(c) Other details: The specifications for “Painting (General)” mentioned here-in-
before-shall hold good as far as it is applicable.

WATER PROOFING CEMENT BASED PAINT:


a) Material: Cement based paint (IS:5410-1969) of approved manufacture, quality,
shade and colour only shall be used.
b) Preparation of surfaces: The surface shall be thoroughly cleaned off all mortar
dropping, dirt, dust, algae, grease and other foreign matter by brushing and
washing the surfaces. The surface shall be thoroughly wetted with clean water
before the water proof cement paint is applied. The prepared surface shall be
got approved before painting is commenced.

The water proof cement paint shall be mixed in such quantities as can be used
up with in an hour of its mixing as otherwise the mixture will set and thicken,
affecting flow and finish.

Water proof cement paint shall be mixed with water in two stages. The first stage
shall comprise of w pars of water proof cement paint and one part of water stirred
thoroughly and allowed to stand for 5 minutes. Care shall be taken to add the
water proof cement paint gradually to the water and not vice versa. The second
stage shall comprise of adding further one part of water to the mix and stirring
thoroughly to obtain liquid or workable and uniform consistency. In all case the
manufacturers instruction shall be followed meticulously.

c) Application: The solution shall be applied on the clean and wetted surface with
brushes or spraying machine. The solution shall be kept well stirred during the
period of application. To avoid direct heat of the sun during painting, the cement
based paint shall be applied on the surface which is on the shady side. Cement
based paint shall not be applied on the surfaces already treated with white wash,
colour wash, dry or oil bould distemper, varnishes, paints etc. it shall not be
applied on gypsum, wood and metal surfaces.
d) Other details: The specifications for Painting (General) mentioned here-in-
before shall hold good as far as they are applicable.
e) Mode of measurement for dry distemper, oil bound distemper and water
proof cement paint: All measurement for payment shall be taken on net
surface area actually painted unless otherwise specified and no co-efficient shall
be applied for working out areas. Deductions will be made from areas for
opening/obstructions not painted, if they are individually more than 0.05 sqm.
length and breadth shall be taken correct upto two places of decimal of a meter
and areas shall be worked out correct upto two places of decimal of a square
meter.

Corrugated surfaces shall be measured flat as fixed and the area so measured
shall be increased by the following percentage to allow the girthed area: a)
Corrugated asbestos cement sheets – 20%; b) Semi corrugated asbestos
cement sheets – 10%

Section V 41
The number of coats of each treatment shall be stated in the schedule of
quantities. The whole surface shall be applied with approved putty/filler to get
uniform and smooth surface at no extra cost to the Department.

Rates: The rate shall include cost of all materials and labour involved in all the
operation described above.

BEES WAXING OR POLISHING WITH READYMADE WAX POLISH: (NEW


WORK):

a) Materials: The polishing shall be done with bees waxing prepared locally
or with ready made wax polish of approved brand and manufacture, as
stipulated in the description of item.
b) Where bees waxing is to be prepared locally, the following specifications
for the same shall apply.
Pure bees wax free paraffin or stearing adulterants shall be used. Its
specific gravity shall be 0.965 to 0.969 and melting point shall be 63 ‘
c) The polish shall be prepared from a mixture of bees wax, linseed oil,
turpentine and varnish in the ratio of 2: 1.5:0.5 by weight.

The bees wax and boiled linseed oil shall be heated over a slow fire. When the
wax is completely dissolved, the mixture shall be cooled till it is just warm and
turpentine and varnish added to it in the required proportions and the entire
mixture shall be well stirred.

Preparation of surface: Preparation of surface will be as mentioned here-in-


under relevant para with the exception that knotting, holes and cracks shall be
stopped with a mixture of fine saw dust formed of the wood being treated, beaten
up with sufficient bees wax to enhance cohesion.

Application: The polish shall be applied evenly with a clean soft pad of cotton
cloth in such a way that the surface is completely and fully covered. The surface
it then rubbed continuously for half an hour.

When the surface is quite dry, a second coat shall be applied in the same
manner and rubbed continuously for one hour or until the surface is dry.

The final coat shall then be applied and rubbed for two hours (more if necessary)
until the surface has assumed a uniform gloss and is dry showing no sign of
stickiness.

The final polish depends largely on the amount of rubbing which should be
continuous and with uniform pressure, with frequent changes in the direction.

Other details: The specifications for painting (General as mentioned here-in-


before shall hold good as for as they are applicable.

Section V 42
FRENCH SPIRIT POLISHING: (ON NEW WORK WITH A COAT OF WOOD FILLER):

Polish: Pure shellac varying from pale orange to lemon yellow colour, free from resin or
dirt shall be dissolved in methylated spirit at the rate of 140 gm. Or shellac to 1 litre of
spirit. Suitable pigment shall be added to get the required shade.

Preparation of surface: The surface shall be cleaned. All unevenness shall be rubbed
down smooth with sand paper and well dusted off. Knots if visible shall be covered with
a preparation of red lead and glue size laid on while hot. Holes and indentations on the
surface shall be stopped with glaziers putty. The surface shall then be given a coat of
wood filler made by mixing whiting (ground chalk) in methylated spirit at the rate of 1.5
kg. of whiting per litre of spirit. The surface shall again be rubbed down perfectly
smooth with glass paper and wiped clean.

Application: The number of coats of polish to be applied shall be as described in the


item.

A pad of woolen cloth covered by fine cloth shall be used to apply the polish. The pad
shall be moistened with the polish and rubbed hard on the wood, in a serious of
overlapping circles applying the mixture sparingly but uniformly over the entire area to
give an even level surface. A trace of linseed oil on the face of the pad facilities this
operation. The surface shall be allowed to dry and the remaining coats applied in the
same way. To finish off, the pad shall be covered with a fresh piece of clean fine cotton
cloth, slightly damped with methylated spirit and rubbed lightly and quickly with circular
motions. The finished surface shall have a uniform texture and high gloss.

Measurement, Rates and other Details: These shall be as for Painting (General)
mentioned here-in-before as far as they are applicable.

RESINBASED THERMOPLASTICPAINT (DECORATIVE AND PROTECTIVE FINISH):

Materials: Resin based thermo plastic paint such as Sandtex Matt or other equivalent
approved manufactures, colour and shade shall only be used.

Preparation of Surface & General: The Specifications for Painting (General) described
here-in-before shall hold good as for as they are applicable.

Protective Coatings: On surface such as ferrous brass, copper and phosphor bronze, a
protective coating of suitable bituminous compound or chromated red oxide should be
given. New wood should be treated with a leafing grade aluminium primer or a water
based acrylic emulsion primer.

The surfaces with algae growth shall be thoroughly cleaned down to remove as much
growth as possible and effective solution of stabilized house hold bleach (calcium
hypochloride) pf approved quality with approximate 35% chlorine content @ 2 kgs. Per
50 ltrs. (or as per manufacturers recommendations) should be used to treat the
surfaces.

On chalky or friable surfaces after removing the loose materials by stiff brusihg or
scraping the surface should be treated with one coat of advanced solvent based
material such as snowsol stabilizing solution or other approved equivalent with white
spirit.

Section V 43
Application: The ready mix Sandtex Matt or other equivalent approved resin based
thermo plastic paint shall be applied on clean and wetted surfaces by means of brushes
or roller. The solution shall be kept well stirred during the period of application. To
avoid direct heat of the sub, the paint shall be applied on the side in shade.

On rough and textured surfaces, one under coat of cement based paint such as
Snowcem or other equivalent shall be applied before application of undiluted Sandtex
Matt finish coat. In case of application of two coats of Sandtex Matt at normal
temperatures, the first one shall be diluted by addition of 25% water and the second
coat direct. In extremely hot environs, the second coat shall be diluted @ 2.5 ltrs. Of
water to 20 ltrs. of paint or as directed.
Painting with resin based thermo plastic paint shall be carried out generally as per
manufactures specifications.

Other Details: The specification for Painting (general) mentioned here-in-before shall
hold good as far as they are applicable.

Snowsol stabilized solution shall not be applied over bitumen. Snowsol stabilized
solution treated surfaces shall not be left unpainted for more than 2 (two) days.
Gypsum based materials shall not be used for filling of exterior cracks while preparation
of surfaces.

Mode of Measurement: The painting unless otherwise mentioned shall be measured by


area in sqm. upto two places of decimal. Length and breadth shall be measured sorrect
upto two places of decimal of a meter. Deduction will be made from the areas of
fixtures, grills, ventilation, outlets individually more than 0.05 sqm.

The item shall include removing nails, making good holes, cracks, patches etc. not
exceeding 0.1 sqm. each with materials similar in composition to the surface to be
prepared.

Rate: The rate shall include the cost of all materials and labour involved in all the
operations described above.

Consumption of Paint for Different Painting Items.

Sr.No. Brief Description of painting work Consumption per 10


sqm. of net area
1 Oil Bound Distemper on plastered surfaces:
a) Cement Primer (one coat) 0.91 Litres.
b) Two finishing coats. 1.60 kg.
c) Three finishing coats. 2.40 kg.
2 Flat oil paint to plastered surfaces:
a) Cement primer (one coat) 0.91 ltr.
b) Cement primer (two coats). 1.82 ltrs.
c) Two finishing coats. 1.72 ltrs.
3 Acrylic Emulsion Paint
a) Cement primer (one coat). 0.91 ltf.
b) Two finishing coats. 0.87 ltr.
c) Three finishing coats. 1.30 ltrs.

Section V 44
Sr.No. Brief Description of painting work Consumption per 10
sqm. of net area
4 Cement paint (old surfaces):
a)Two coats on sand faced plastered 4.10 kg.
surface.
b) Two coats on rough cast plastered 7.70 kg.
surfaces.
5 Cement Paint (New surfaces).
a)Two coats on sand faced plastered 4.50 kg.
surface.
b) Two coats on rough cast plastered 8.50 kg
surfaces.
6 Enamel Paint to wood/steel:
a) Wood primer (one coat) 0.90 ltr.
b) Steel primer (one coat) 0.75 ltr.
c) Two finishing coats on wood. 1.40 ltrs.
d) Two finishing coats on steel. 1.35 ltrs.
7 Flat Oil Paint to wood/steel work:
a) Wood primer (one coat) 0.90 ltr.
b) Steel primer (one coat) 0.75 ltr.
c) Two finishing coats on wood. 0.70 ltrs.
d) Two finishing coats on steel. 1.70 ltrs.
8 External Painting with flat oil paint:
a) Cement Primer (one coat) 1.00 ltr.
b) Two finishing coats. 1.74 ltrs.
9 Repainting old painted surfaces:
a) Two coats of emulsion paint 0.86 ltr.
b) Two coats of flat oil paint 1.59 ltrs.
c)Two coats of enamel paint 1.35 ltrs.

*****

ALUMINIUM FRAME WORK:

SCOPE OF WORK:

The scope of work in the present tender item includes fabrication, supply and
installation of approved shade anodized matt finished aluminium sections strictly in
accordance with these specifications and relevant detailed approved shop drawings.

GENERAL:
The contractor shall submit 4 copies of shop drawings covering all type/details of
work as generally shown in Architectural drawing and envisaged under these
specifications before manufacture. The drawing shall show all dimensions details of
construction, installation of fixtures and relation to adjoining and related works. No
fabrication work shall be undertaken prior to obtaining approval of the shop drawings
from the Engineer-in-charge. The tendering shall intimate at the time of tendering the
type of sections he proposes to use on the works.

Section V 45
MATERIALS:

Aluminium alloy for extruded sections for the above work shall correspond to I.S.
733-1983 specifications or any further revision thereof (extruded sections shall conform
to I.S and shall be anodized before incorporating in the work. The frame work, styles,
mullions, beadings, transoms and handles etc. shall be of aluminium anodized sections
as shown in detailed approved drawings. All aluminium sections shall be of INDAL or
other approved equivalent make as per drawings. The contractors can also propose
nearest alternative sections they manufacture/posses without changing the elevation,
structural stability & functional requirement. Department reserves the right to accept the
alternative section or otherwise. The sections shall be structurally suitable to withstand
all the loads, the members have to sustain. Counter sunk screws, nuts, bolts, washers,
rivers and other miscellaneous fastenings devices shall be of approved brass cadmium
plated or stainless as specified in the approved drawing. Each door leaf shall be
prepared to receive glazed panel of required thickness. Glazing shall be done with
neoprene dry set glazing gasket (of best quality and approved make) with snap-in-
bevelled white anodized matt finish aluminium metal glazing stops inside and outside.
All doors shall have off-set pivots; double action (180o minimum swing) floor springs with
oil check boxes of approved manufacture. All doors shall have approved concealed
brass body mortise lock without handles as per manufacturer’s design, with concealed
flush C.P. brass tower bolts provided at suitable locations. All doors shall have push
plates of design shown in the approved drawing as described in the schedule of
quantities. All entrances shall be without thresholds. All aluminum surfaces in contact
with masonry or concrete shall be given a thick coat of bit mastic paint. After
fabrication, aluminium sections shall be protected from construction hazards that may
damage their appearance or finish. All exposed surfaces of aluminium door entrance
shall be protected by masking tape during shipment and erection. All sections and
hardware shall have anodic film and cover a minimum thickness of 0.015 mm.

FABRICATION:

The frames shall be manufactured square and flat. The corners of the frame
being fabricated to true right angle. The entire fixed, sliding and opening frame shall be
constructed of sections which have been cut to length, mitered, welded and
mechanically fixed at the corners. Where hollow sections are used with welded joints,
argon-arc welding or flash butt welding shall be employed (Gas welding or brazing not
to be done). In case welded joints are used, anodizing shall be done after fabrication as
a whole. All welding shall be on unexposed sides in order to prevent pittings /
discolouration of other surface imperfections after fixing etc. Necessary allowance shall
be made while manufacturing the aluminium door entrances wall spans and glazing for
receiving plaster. No field fabrication of frames is permitted. A thick layer of clear
transparent lacquer based on methacrylates or cellulose butyrate shall be applied on
the finished sections of the aluminium work by the contractor to protect the surfaces
from wet cement, lime, dirt, dust etc. during the construction activities. The size for
door, window or ventilator frames shall not vary by more than (+/-) 1.5 mm.

HARDWARE:

All cut outs, recesses, mortising or milling and operations required for fixing the
hardware shall be accurately made reinforced with packing plate as required to ensure
adequate strength of the connection. All the hardware accessories shall be of best
approved type and of anodized finish same as for the frames and other sections. Each

Section V 46
lock shall be supplied with two stainless steel keys and each key shall be with number
stamped thereon according to the number on doors so installed. All hardware shall be
free from defects which may affect the appearance and serviceability. All hardware
shall be fixed after obtaining the prior approval of the Engineer-in-charge. Approved
samples of hardware shall be kept in the custody of the Engineer-in-charge. Working
and moving parts of lock sets shall be accurately fitted to smooth, close bearings and
shall be free from rattle. The floor springs shall be of heavy duty type and should allow
door operation smoothly. The contractor shall furnish a guarantee for all finishing and
quality of hardware covered under this section and which shall remain the from defects
of any kind, either materials and/or workmanship for a period of one year (unless
otherwise specified) from the date of completion/handing over of work. The contractor
shall repair or replace any and all defective work and damage caused, at any time or
times during that period within 3 days from the written notice. This shall be done
without any extra cost to the Department and to the complete satisfaction of the
Engineer-in-Charge. In case the same are not replaced immediately after the receipt of
the notice to do so, the Department shall do so at the cost of contractors. The cost as
certified by the Engineer-in-Charge shall be final and binding on the contractors.

FIXING:

The frames shall be accurately fixed in the flooring/brick masonry or R.C.C.


works. The fixing of the frame shall be done with cadmium plated brass counter sunk
screws driven on to the teak wood rough ground, or fixed to the wall with holdfasts as
directed by the Engineer-in-charge, and as shown in approved drawings. All aluminium
works shall be fixed in position as per relevant Indian Standard Specifications and code
of practice for fixing and glazing of aluminium works. The minute gap between
window/door frames with sills and jambs should be filled up/caulked by
mastic/polysulphide compound/plaster of paris/epoxy putty/silicon sealants, Rubber
based sealants (brand name TECHMAT/TECHCOAT) by caulking guns or by approved
methods as instructed/approved by Engineer-in-Charge.
Joints shall be neatly painted with matching cement and excess materials shall
be removed. Fixing of aluminium door entrances, hardware etc. shall be done in best
workmanship like manner true to line, level, plane, plumb etc. and all as directed by the
Engineer-in-Charge. Breaking of floor for providing floor springs and restoration of the
floor finishes to the original specification and finishes and minor additions and
alterations to the openings shall be deemed to have been included in the quoted rates.

FACTORY MADE PARTICLES BOARD PANELLED DOOR SHUTTER FOR WARD


ROBE

GENERAL:
Factory made particle board paneled door shutters shall be of teak wood particle board
panels made of specified thick with melamine finish prelaminated on both sides or as
specified in schedule of quantities, bonded with phenol formaldehyde synthetic resin
adhesive.

Factory made shutters, as specified shall be obtained from factories to be approved by


the Engineer-in-charge and shall conform to I.S. 2202 (Part –I) 1999. The contractor
shall inform well in advance to the Engineer-in-charge the name and address of the
factory where from the contractor intends to get the shutters manufactured. The
contractor will place order for manufacture of shutters only after written approval of the

Section V 47
Engineer-in-charge in this regard is given. The contractor is bound to abide by the
decision of the Engineer-in-charge and recommend the name of another factory from
the approved list, in case the factory already proposed by the contractor is not found
competent to manufacture quality shutters.

The contractor will also arrange stage wise inspection of the shutters at factory of the
Engineer-in-charge or his authorised representative. Contractor will have no claim if the
shutters brought at site are rejected by Engineer-in-charge in part or in full lot due to
bad workmanship/quality. Such shutters will not be measured and paid and the
contractor shall remove the same from the site of the work within seven days after the
written instructions in this regard are issued by Engineer-in-charge or his authorised
representative.

PARTICLE BOARD PANELS:


It shall be of well seasoned teak timber particles of uniform thickness, bonded with liquid
phenol formaldehyde synthetic resin adhesive of the hot press type. The particle board
shall be either flat plate on press or extrusion type as approved by the Department
conforming to the latest I.S. specifications. Panels shall be embedded into frames
properly.

WORKMANSHIP AND FINISH:


The workmanship shall be of best quality. All the faces of the door shutter shall be
secured and in true planes. All joinery work shall fit truly and without wedging or filling.
All the faces of the shutters shall be sanded to smooth even texture. The finished sizes
and sections shall be as per drawing or as specified. The shutters shall be got
approved from the Engineer-in-charge at factory site before carting the same to the site
of work. The shutters damaged during the cartage and if any sub-standard materials or
bad workmanship is detected, the contractor, shall forthwith remove them and replace
the same at his own cost, all as directed by the Engineer-in-charge.

TESTS:
Tests shall be conducted if required by the Department at the contractors cost. All
shutters shall have manufacturers trade marks.

TOLERANCES:
Tolerances on nominal width and height shall be (+/-) 3 mm. Tolerance on nominal
thickness shall be (+/-) 1.5 mm. The thickness of the shutter frame shall be uniform
through out with a variation not exceeding 1 mm, when measured at two points.

SAMPLES:
Sample of door shutter shall be got approved before manufacturing on large scale.

FIXING:
The shutter shall be fixed to Aluminium frame work (door frames paid under relevant
items) with necessary fittings as per drawing and as specified. The shutter shall have
the finish on both faces as specified. The shutters of specified thickness and of
required sizes as fixed in position as shown in drawing/schedule of quantities shall be
measured for payment. The length and width of the shutter fixed in position shall be
measured correct upto three places of decimal of a metre and the areas so worked out
shall be corrected upto two places of decimal of a square metre. The area of the

Section V 48
shutter shall be measured for the exposed surfaces of shutter between frames from
inside or outside whichever is more.

RATE TO INCLUDE:

THE RATE QUOTED BY THE CONTRACTOR SHALL BE:


i) For supplying and fixing in position of finished shutters with necessary fittings
and fixtures as per drawings.

ii) Finishing on both faces as specified and as directed by the Engineer-in-


charge.

******

TERRAZZO / CEMENT TILE FLOORING, SKITRING / DADO ETC,


MORTARS

LIME MORATR: The lime mortar shall be prepared generally in conformity with I.S
1625-1962 by wet process with good quality slaked lime and sand mixed in a mortar mill
at site. Lime for lime mortar shall be of class “C’ conforming I.S 712-1973. Lime shall
be best quality pure fat lime, slaked at site in accordance with relevant I.S, code for
slaking of lime .The lime mortar shall be got approved by the Engineer-in-charge before
using on the work .Stone grit shall not be allowed in place of sand either partly or
wholly. The lime mortar shall be made of good fresh slaked lime and clean sand not be
allowed in place of sand either partly or wholly The lime mortar shall be made of good
fresh slaked lime and clean sand approved by the Engineer-in-charge and mixed in the
proportion of one part of lime & two parts of coarse sand.

The ingredients in the specified proportion shall be measured, in boxes of suitable size
and shall be measured on the basis of its dry volume .In case of damp sand, its quantity
shall be increased suitably to allow for bulkage. The bulkage of damp sand shall be
determined by the method given in Appendix C of I.S. 456-1964.Griding of lime mortar
shall be done in a lime mortar grinding mill and no hand mixing shall be permitted.
Grinding should be carried out till the sand and lime putty get ground to a fine,
homogenous paste like mortar. Grinding shall be preferred with sufficient quantity of
fresh water. The mortar shall be kept moist and well sheltered from the sun till it is used
in the work. All mortar shall be used as soon as possible after grinding. As a rule it
should be used on the day on which it is prepared but in no case shall mortar made
earlier than 36 hours be permitted to be used or remain at the site of work. No
retempering of rejected mortar shall be permitted. The bedding mortar of thickness
specified shall be evenly laid before the tiles are laid.

The specifications for lime mortar shall hold good for lime surkhi mortar except that the
mixing shall be done in the proportions of 1 part of lime; 1 part of surkhi; 1 part of coarse
sand. All other operations are similar to those for lime mortar.

Cement Mortar: This shall be prepared by mixing cement and sand in specified
proportions given in schedule of quantities, in a mixer. Hand mixing will not be allowed.

Section V 49
Proportioning: The unit of measurement for cement shall be a bag of cement weighing
50 kg. and this shall be taken as 0.035 cum. Sand in specified proportion shall be
measured in boxes of suitable size. It shall be measured on the basis of its dry volume
.In case of damp sand; its quantity shall be increased suitably to allow for bulkage which
shall be determined by the method given in lime mortar.

Mixing: The mixing of mortar shall be done at site of work in mechanical mixer. Hand
mixing, if permitted, shall be done as directed by the Engineer-in-charge

Mixing in Mechanical Mixer: cement and sand in the specified proportion shall be
mixed dry thoroughly in mixer water shall then be added gradually and wet mixing
continued for at least one minute. Care shall be taken not to add more water than that
shall bring the mortar to the consistency of a stiff paste.

Only the quantity of mortar, which can be used within 30 minutes of its mixing, shall be
prepared at a time .Mixer shall be cleaned with water each time, before suspending the
work.

Hand mixing: The measured quantity of sand shall be levelled on clean masonry
platform and cement bags emptied on top. In hand mixing the quantity of cement shall
be increased by 5% above specified, with no extra cost to the Department. The cement
and sand shall be thoroughly mixed dry by being turned over and over back wards and
forwards several time till the mix is of a uniform colour. The quantity of dry mix which
shall be used within 30 minutes shall then be mixed in thoroughly with just sufficient
quantity of water to bring the mortar to the consistency of a stiff paste. Mixing of mortar
on floor slabs or landings of staircase shall not be allowed.

General: Mortar shali be used as soon as possible after mixing and before it has begun
to set, and in any case within 30 minutes after the water is added to the dry mixture.
Mortar unused for more than 30 minutes shall be rejected and removed from the site of
work.

MATERIALS:

The terrazzo/cement tiles for flooring and skirting shall be hydraulically pressed under a
minimum pressure of 140 kg./sqcm. and shall conform to I.S. 1237-1959 in respect of
constituent materials, manufacture, shape, tolerances, wearing layers, colour,
appearance, general quality of tiles, strength, resistance to wear, water absorption and
other tests. The tile shall be nominal size and thickness as specified in the schedule for
flooring, skirting, dado work etc. and shall be of approved make.

Department shall be at liberty to inspect the manufacture of tiles even at the factory to
ascertain whether the manufacture is as per the approved tiles for its quality of materials
and manufacture. Tiles to be used for skirting and dado shall be semi published before
placing in position. Contractor shall nominal size and thickness as specified in the
schedule for flooring, skirting, dado work etc. and shall be of approved.

Section V 50
Department shall be at liberty to inspect the manufacture of tiles even at the factory to
ascertain whether the manufacture is as per the approved tiles for its quality of materials
and manufacture. Tiles to be used for skirting and dado shall be semipolished before
placing in position. Contractor shall submit samples for flooring and skirting tile for
approval of the Engineer-in-charge. The Engineer-in-charge may direct new samples
made with varying proportions, sizes and colour of terrazzo chips against varying base
before conveying his decision about the approved samples. No claims will be
entertaired for rejected samples. The contractor shall ensure the terrazzo finish as per
approved sample for the entire qty. of tiles, by dry mixing of the cement, marble chips,
powder, white cement, pigments etc. in the same proportions. For wearing layer of all
tiles, the contractor shall use the cement from one consignment only to ensure
uniformity in background colour/shade.

If there is a doubt about the quality of the tiles, they shall be tested from each
consignment as specified in I.S. 1237-1959 and cost of testing shall be borne by the
contractor. Sample tiles after being approved shall be kept with the Engineer-in-Charge
for reference till the completion of the work. All tiles which are to be incorporated in the
work shall strictly conform to the approved samples.

The tiles shall be stored in room or under such cover as will prevent exposure to
dampness, sun, rain, accidental injury or staining. Tiles to be incorporated in the work
shall be immersed in water for a minimum period of 6 hours before use.

BEDDING/BACKING COAT:

In case of flooring, the mortar bedding shall be lime/lime surkhi mortar of specified
thickness and mix. Proportion of slaked lime surkhi, coarse sand etc. shall be as
specified in the scheduled item. In case of skirting, backing coat shall be of cement
mortar of thickness and mix proportion specified in the schedule item. All materials to
be used in lime mortar / lime surkhi / cement mortar shall be got approved by the
Engineer-in-charge before incorporating in the work.

CLEANING OF SURFACE & LAYING OF LIME MORTAR BEDDING:

Before laying the lime mortar bedding the concrete floor surface shall be thoroughly
hacked, cleaned of all mortar scales, concrete lumps etc. brushed, washed with water to
remove mud, dirt etc. from the surface and shall be thoroughly wetted. Until and unless
the surface is approved by the Engineer-in-Charge, the flooring shall not be started. A
bedding of lime mortar (1:2 of 20 mm thickness or more if required to make up the level
or grade) shall be laid evenly and to the required slopes as directed. The terrazzo tiles
shall then be laid on the bedding with cement floating.
All tiles shall be truly and evenly set in a thick slurry of cement applied to the sides and
bottom and over the prepared base at the rate of 4.4 kg/sqm. The tiles shall then be
tamped down with wooden mallet until they are exactly in true plane and line, with the
adjacent tiles. Care shall be taken to ensure that the tiles are solidly bedded without
voids and air pockets. All tiles shall be extended upto the unplastered surfaces of
masonry walls/RCC columns/RCC walls. The tiles shall be close jointed in matching
cement slurry and the cement slurry oozing out through the thin joints shall be

Section V 51
immediately wiped clean. The joints between the tiles shall not be greater than 1.5 mm.
and shall be kept in straight lines or to suit the required pattern. The junction between
wall plaster and tile work shall be finished neatly and without any waviness. All tiles
shall be laid as to have continuous lines from various rooms to the passage. No change
of lines shall be permitted at junction between rooms and passage. The joints shall be
fine and made neatly indistinguishable by grouting of the joints in cement slurry mixed
with suitable colouring pigments to match with the tiles. People should not be allowed
to walk over the freshly laid tiles.

Adjustment of levels in thickness of mortar bedding due to different type of flooring if


any, shall be done by the contractor within a reasonable limit/distance and directed by
the Engineer-in-Charge without any extra cost to the Department.

CURING, POLISHING & FINISHING


The day after the tiles are laid, all joints shall be cleaned of the grey cement grout with a
wire brush or trowel to a depth of 5 mm and all dust and loose mortar removed and
cleaned. Joints shall then be grouted with grey or white cement mixed with or without
pigment to match the shade of the topping of the wearing layer of the tiles.

The floor shall then be kept wet for a minimum period of 7 days. The surface shall there
after be ground evenly with machine fitted with coarse grade grit blocks. (No.60). Water
shall be used profusely with grinding. After grinding, the surface shall be thoroughly
washed, remove all grindings, mud cleaned and mopped, and the joints opened out
during grinding shall be grouted once again wherever necessary with matching cement.
The surface shall be again cured. The second grinding shall then be carried out with
machine fitted with fine grade grit blocks (No. 120) and shall be grouted again the
opened out joints with matching cement.

The final grinding with machine fitted with the finest grade grit blocks (No. 320) shall be
carried out the day after the second grinding described in the preceding para or before
handing over the floor as ordered by the Engineer-in-Charge.
For small areas or where circumstances so required, hand polishing may be permitted
in lieu of machine polishing after laying, entirely at the discretion of the Engineer-in-
Charge. For hand polishing, the following carborundum stone shall be used. The
polishing shall be done in such a manner that there are no visible scratches on the
terrazzo tiles. If scratches are observed, the tiles shall be removed and replaced by
new tiles.

1st Grinding Coarse Grade stone (No. 60)

2nd Grinding Coarse Grade stone (No. 60)

Final Grinding Fine grade stone (No.120)

In all other respects, the process shall be similar as for machine polishing. After the
final polish, oxalic acid crystals ground into powder shall be dusted over the surface @
2/3 1b per 100 sft. or 32.5 gm, per sqm.), sprinkled water and rubbed hard with Namdah
block (pad of woolen rags). The following day the floor shall be wiped with a moist rag
and dried with a soft cloth and finished clean. If any tile is disturbed or damaged, it shall

Section V 52
be refitted or replaced, properly jointed and polished. The finished floor shall not sound
hollow when tapped with a wooden mallet.

TERRAZZO/CEMENT TILESKIRTING:

Terrazzo tile in skirting shall be of size as specified in schedule of quantities or as


directed by the Engineer-in-charge, hydraulically pressed and shall be obtained from the
same source as for the terrazzo/cement tiles for flooring. The design and shade of the
skirting tiles shall be exactly similar to that of flooring tiles. The specifications for
materials and workmanship shall be same as for flooring except that the skirting tile
shall be laid against a 12mm. thick backing of cement mortar 1:3 to the full height of
skirting, thus allowing uniform projection beyond the plastered surfaces. In case of
dado, the back to tiles shall be buttered with a coat of grey cement slurry/paste and
edges with grey or white cement slurry/paste as the case may be, with or without
pigment to match the shade of tiles and set in the backing/bedding mortar. Any cutting
of brick work, concrete etc. required due to unevenness of brick surface shall be carried
out at no extra cost to the Department to maintain this uniform projection beyond the
plastered surfaces.

The skirting tiles shall be true in plane, line, level and plumb or in slope. The vertical
lines of skirting tiles should be in line with that of flooring tile lines. The colour of the
skirting tile and floor tile shall match. The undone portion of plaster work left above the
terrazzo tile skirting work shall be finished round or as directed by the Engineer-in-
charge in the matching plaster. The item of plastering shall be inclusive of this plaster
finishing above the skirting tiles, required to be done after laying of skirting tiles. No
additional payment will be admissible for this extra operation.

MODE OF MEASUREMENT :

The length and/or width of the flooring / skirting / dado shall be measured net between
the faces of skirting or dado or plaster faces of walls which is the proudest, and height
of skirting/ dado shall be measured from the finished level of floor. All openings
exceeding 0.1 sqm. in area where tiling is not done shall be deducted and net areas
only shall be measured and paid for Flooring under dado skirting or plaster shall not be
measured for payment. Nothing extra shall be paid for use of cut tiles nor for laying the
floor at different levels in the same room.

All dimensions shall be measured correct upto 2 places of decimal of a meter and area
so worked out shall be correct upto two places of decimal of a sqm. For flooring,
skirting, dado etc.

Note: Wastage in tile cutting to get the required dimension of rooms etc. as specified in
drawing or as directed by the Engineer-in-charge shall have to be taken into
consideration by contractor while quoting the rate for work to be measured as above.
No extra claim on this account will be entertained.

Section V 53