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> adaptive management on the test- ecosystem based management approach > - don't worry about the Franklin

paper but you are responsible for the other 3, relative to the discussion we've had in class > - no need to memorize any stats - just know the concepts (i.e. ecological integrity, ecosystems approach, carrying capacity) > > > COURSE THEMESOne global ecosystem > - i.e. climate change > Natural resource consumption and technological change > - what's the relationship between the two? > - a very direct relationship - the more technology we develop around resource consumption, the more we extract > Human attitudes and values > - we make the natural environment a set of resources because we have a set of uses and a set of norms > - if we have no use for it, it goes back to being natural resource > Polluters and stakeholders > - instead of waiting for damage to be done and then cleaning it up, let's try to be proactive about it and stop it from happening in the first place > Managing natural resources - we simply don't have enough to manage anything > - way too complex systems > MORE COURSE CONCEPTS AND TERMSNATURAL RESOURCES"Resources are NOT, they BECOME; they are not static but expand > and contract in response to human needs and human actions" (Zimmerman 1951:15) > > > > > > > > RESOURCES are defined in terms of: > - human perceptions, wants and needs > - technological skills > - location and accessibility > - legal limits such as property rights and environmental laws > - finanical and institutional arrangements > - political, cultural and religious customs > Natural resources are considered renewable (flow) or non-renewable (stock) > renewable = forests, air, oceans, fresh water, the sun, the wind, etc > non-renewable = they can only be renewed over geological time - i.e. coal, oil (it is the basis of our day to day lifestyles and for industries, which is why the price has gone up) > - we want to replace all non-renewable with renewable resources because it's more sustainable > > ...all images courtesy of The Canadian Oxford World Atlas, Fifth Edition, Quentin H. Stanford (Editor), 2003, Oxford University Press. >

> > > Canada's Physical Base > - Alberta: the tar sands > > > > > > > > > > Climatic features > > Vegetation > > > > > > > Ecological Zones and Marine Fisheries > Gas and Oil Pipelines > UNEP Arctic development scenario to 2050 > - largely going to affect the Arctic - will warm up faster than any other regions - the North West passage will open up, which means you can get through the Arctic faster - big transportation route allows for more resource extraction for oil and gas > - for us, we'll see more stormy events > - Prairies will dry out a bit > - Ontario will be hotter (evaporation of the great lakes) and get more tornadoes > - Europe and Russia: going to be much more industrialized = more chances of pollution, transportation and oil spills > - all human development > - even if we stop producing CO2 tomorrow, there will still be climate change - evolution taking place > - not a resilient ecosystem > > What do we need to know? > - what's a watershed... etc > - Don't need to know Franklin > - Jones and Tailor - focus on the challenges > - Know the different approaches - difference between top down and bottom up, examples > - Have a sense what the major issues were in the video (such as invasive species, i.e. the asian carp, zebra mussels - also indicator species) > - Go over the development of the great lakes and the challenges in terms of applying the ecosystem approach > - The sucker is an indicator in the great lakes - especially used in the northern great lakes

(superior and huron) - a major important indicator because it tells you a lot about the relative health of the ecosystem - if you don't have something that's to easy to monitor (knowledge-based), then you're stuck measuring everything - select in a very systematic way to tell you as much as possible about the ecosystem - if you choose a wrong indicator, it's going to tell you not enough