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1 The sanctifying function of the church The full public worship (834.

2) It is done in the name of the Church, dale persons received legitimate job (priest), by acts approved by the Church. The ministers of sanctification (c.835): each subject according to his position. First, the sacred ministers and bishops, priests and deacons Celebracin faithful participate in the liturgy. the regulation of the Sacred Liturgy of the Church is entrusted according to the different level: the Holy See, diocesan bishop, the Episcopal Conferences. (c. 838) 1) Holy See: order the sacred liturgy, to publish liturgical books, to authorize the translation into vernacular languages, to ensure Saiano observed everywhere. 2) Bishops' Conference: Prepare the translation into vernacular languages, after the approval of headquarters sata, publish. 3) the diocesan bishop to lay down rules on liturgical material.. The sacraments (c. 840-1165) The conditions of validity of the sacrament (c. 841): The reservation in favor of the Holy See. Legal aspects of the components of the Sacraments.. The sacraments are composed of a sign-sensitive, minister, that person access to the sacrament, a community that celebrates the sacrament and ritual. Distinguishing between the validity and legality in the celebration. The distinction between lawful / unlawful does not affect the validity, but the legality or illegality and to its conformity to the moral or legal. For the valid celebration of the sacraments, the authority is required el 'intention. To celebrate properly are not required neither faith nor grace. Act valid legal effect. The lawfulness does not affect the validity of the sacramental sign but it is up to the Act in conformity with the legal and moral. For the legitimacy it requires faith. Sacramento may be denied. (C. 843) Non-applicant so requests appropriately - Is not well despot - Has prohibited by law (eg excommunication, interdict, suspension) The person receiving the sacraments. 1) to receive the sacraments must be able to reverlo those not yet baptized 2) for penance, marriage, anointing, it requires the use of reason 3) for the valid reception, we require the subject's intention. 4) for lawful reception, you rchiede the state of grace, a particular attention to the sacrament. Comunicatio in sacris (c.844). within the limits of the principles of unity of ecclesial communion and sacramental communion. There are three sacred interests: Penance, Eucharist and Anointing of the Sick. 1) in the case of Catholics turn to another Catholic Church. - When it is not possible to access a Catholic minister physically or morally. (Persecution, War) - The situation of necessity or genuine spiritual advantage. - Efforts to avoid the danger of error.

2 - There are no viable church in the sacraments. 2) in the case of members of other churches are turning to Catholic ministers. - They must be Christians from the Eastern Churches who request to be free and spontaneous, is well placed. - According to the Apostolic See, the conditions apply. 3) Any Christian is aimed at a Catholic minister. - The condition more severe, potentially fatal. Ask your own, is well placed. - You need the opinion of the diocesan bishop or the bishops' conference. Baptism (c.849-878) Baptism is one of the sacraments of Christian initiation. (C. 849) 1) The elements of doctrine of baptism. - Integration into the mystery of Christ and regeneration. - Incorporation into the church by becoming a member of God's people - Equal dignity and freedom of all the faithful. - Participation in the Christian life. 2) the legal elements - The subject becomes a christifidelis. - Equality of all the faithful in dignity and in - It becomes ipso facto subject to the law of the Church - Desire for salvation. 3) the elements required for a valid transfer of Baptism. - The remote is on the real water, and the next field is the application of water through immersion or infusion. - The form prescribed in the liturgical rites through words 1. the celebration of baptism (involves the disposal of the catechumenate) - Apply to those who are leaving childhood and have acquired the use of reason that stabilsce at the age of 7 years. - For adults receiving all three sacraments of initiation, the minister is usually the bishop. - For children only receive baptism, the minister is normally the priest. 2. the minister of baptism. It distinguishes between ordinary and extraordinary minister. (C. 861) - The ordinary minister: bishop, priest, deacon. - The Extraordinary Minister: catechist or other person designated by the local. 3. The Baptism 1) Baptism of Adults (c. 865): Is required for the validity of the obvious desire to receive baptism; is necessary for the lawfulness of the instruction in the truths of faith, knowledge and testing duties in the catechumenate. 2) baptism of children (c. 868): For the legality, parental consent, assurance of education in the Catholic faith through the Church's faith and determination of a child with the parents and godparents. In case of danger to perish, baptism is possible against the wishes of parents for their salvation. 3) Baptism under condition (c. 869) Only if the question about receiving the sacrament or the validity of the sacrament (which relates to the matter and form, the validity of the intention of the minister or baptized) 4. Godparents If the adult assisting the person to be baptized in the initiation

3 If child submit to cooperate. Confirmation (c. 879-896) 1. with regard to the material, shape, effects 1) Material: Remote chrism consecrated by the bishop. And 'composed of olive oil. next: anointing, the act of anointing the forehead with a sign of the cross and the imposition of hands. 2) Form: words: "Be sealed with the Holy Spirit that you have been a gift." 3) Effects: - communication of the fullness of spiritto Satna. - More perfectly bound to the church - Become the witness of christ 2. Minister 1) ordinary minister is the bishop. But in case of danger of death, all priests. 2) For the law itself have the power to administer. equivalent to a diocesan bishop in his territory in case of priest celebara confirmation. Courtesy: The priests who RECOV faculty in case of need by association: the time associated with the bishop himself, in the particular case (large number of injections). * Does not grant authority only to exercise option grants. 3) Why does the priest need a faculty or delegated to administer properly? The privilege of the bishop is not a divine institution but ecclesiastical. The highest authority of the Church can limit the potestas providing that a priest may administer a sacrament is necessary for the validity or lawfulness. 3. The confirmands (c. 889-891) 1) To receive confirmation every baptized person. 2) As regards the obligation to receive it. is not necessary for eternal salvation. However, be confirmed members is the need to make certain lawful acts: to be godfathers, celebrate marriage, to be admitted to the novitiate, access to the Order. 3) allow them to age (c. 891) code of '17 allow confirmation from the 7th year. The code del'83, II does not deal with this topic. There are two trends: for pastoral reasons we would prefer 12 to 15 years; for historical reasons: 7 years Italian Episcopal Conference about 12 years ahead of the Eucharist. 4. Godparents: Must be at least 16 years, Catholics, confirmed members. But, not parents. The Most Holy Eucharist (c. 897-958) Mass is the center of all Christian life. the Eucharist is a Sacrifice-Sacrament, Sacramento-Communion Presence-Sacrament. 1. Mass. Eucharistic assembly is presented with a people to ordinto conceals the different orders. 1) Bishop, presvitero: over the Assembly 2) Deacon: cellaboratore 3) Other offices are acolytes, lectors, cantors. 4) The faithful thank God

4 It can take several forms: House of Bishops presided. parish assembly. Assembly consists of the following groups: young people, families, children, district assemblies, community life. 2. Minister of the Eucharist (ca. 900 1) On a validly ordained priest (bishop or priest). And 'the minister able to properly celebrate the sacrament. 2) canon law forbids the priest to celebrate, - Its irregularity, is excommunicated, it is forbidden act, has been suspended, expelled a religious offense. 3) For the lawful celebration needs to respect the liturgical norms and rituals. John Paul II in Dominicae cenae 12: "the general obligation to observe the liturgical norms. 4) For a successful celebration - You ask the priest to act as a minister in the liturgy of the One who exercises regularly. - It requires the preparation for the celebration and thanksgiving. - In reference to the assembly, the priest should lead to an active and fruitful. - The legislature will not only empower the Bishop, but only those who work: parish priest, dean, religious. 5) celebrate everyday (c.904): There is no specific obligation to celebrate every day. You racomada. But the obligatory can arise from other factors: the care of souls, celebrate propopulo. 6) Application of the Mass: Mass can be anyone, alive or dead. But E 'except for reasons of scandal if this item is a religious indifference; In the case of funeral included in (c, 1184), - Known to be apostates, heretics, schismatics - Those who chose the cremation of the body against the Christian faith - The other manifest sinners 7) Celebration (c. 902) . You have to look at the usefulness of the faithful unless you request otherwise, respecting individual freedom of the priest. - Requirement: Order of the bishop and the priest, the Chrism Mass. - Recommended: Holy Thursday in the Mass, on special occasions such as councils, meetings, synods, the main mass of the Church or Oratory and in all circumstances in which the celebration brings out the unity of the priest and the community. 8) combination - trinazione (c. 905) is allowed only one day celebration. But under the second straight, it depends. Therefore, the priest is only permitted to celebrate Mass daily. 3Volt made: on Christmas Day, the day of the dead. 2votes Masses: Holy Thursday, after concelebrated. For the faithful can be useful. The license of the ordinary combination: in the event of a priest with permission ordinrio site. Trimazione: In case of pastoral necessity (bishop decides), only on Sundays or feast. 9) Minister of Communion Ordinary: bishop, priest, deacon Extraordinary is the one who administers the grant for communion, acolytes are loyal officers. 3. Participation in the Eucharist. right to receive the Eucharist. all baptized believers. That may be limited (c. 912-915) all the baptized who are not in full communion with the Catholic Church.

Who does not know enough, not adequate preparation. Riquardano limitation: the excommunicated, the interdicted after penalty Those who obstinately: cattlica have abandoned the faith, find themselves in irregular marriage situation.

1) obligation to receive the Eucharist during the Easter season communion at least once 2) Communion of the Sick. 2 situation: when the faithful in danger of death, many times you can riveverlo When you can not attend the celebration. ordinary ministers: parish priest, vicars, chaplains, religious superiors and Apostolic Life If necessary: qualuqeu priest, deacon, appointed for the faithful ministry 3) necessary to communicate - Over age, you must prepare two things: the state of grace, Eucharistic fast. - According to C. 916, in case of serious sin, one can not confess before communion. But if it is a serious reason, inability to confessari, you can do it. Then we must confess soon. 4. rites and ceremonies 1) materials needed for the celebration. for the valid celebration: Bread wheat and wine grapes. For the legality, the unleavened bread must be recent and (926). The wine must be natural and fruit of the vine. Any other drink is not valid matter. The matter must be valid but illicit. 927: It is essential to devote both species. It is forbidden to consecrate the Eucharist outside. 5. Offers After Vatican II with the Motu Proprio Signature Tradition (1974) changes the perspective: no longer the size of contract, but the spiritual. - The value of a sign of sacrifice of the faithful. - Participation in the maintenance or support of the clergy. - An expression of faith in the mediation of the Church. - Free offer with no regulation. But you can not get a bid made 1) three principles of supply - Do not like bargaining and trade practices (c.947) - Must apply for as many intentions as so many masses received the offer (c.948) There is an obligation to celebrate the intention of the tenderer. - Priest can hold only one offer for himself (c.951). but, on Christmas Day itself can hold three offers. 2) Supplementary rules. - Determination of the figure: are the responsibility of the bishops of the ecclesiastical provicia by decree. if there is no decree, the custom must be observed (c. 952) - Should be offered only as applied to the mass within a year (c. 953). You can submit tenders in the case of another priest celebrates mass. - You have to write in the register of tenders. - Ordinary is obliged to inspect the register each year. 3) Mass plurintenzionali - Mass celebrated for the intentions of many of the faithful - Is a sort after practice vat II, to promote the participation of more faith

6 - Apostolic Penitentiary in 1984, recalled the need to gather the consensus of the ordinary faithful in going to various single celebarazione Acceptance and also by the faithful that they offer. - When the priest holds one offer for himself and the rest gives the ordinary. Penance (c. 959-997) Purpose: reconciliation with God and the Church. It recovers the ecclesial dimension Necessity is for those who commit grave sin 1. Celebration of the Sacrament 1) individual confession and absolution (the only ordinary way) *** confession integrates individual and constitute the sole ordinary means by which the believer is reconciled with God and the Church. In the Synod of 1983 and urging Reconciliatio et penitents, it reaffirmed the individual confession and absolution individually. because sin is an act of individual personality. The only exception is the provision of physical or moral impossibility. - The physical impossibility: when you can not physically charge of all the sins that lack of time, can not talk, does not have the forces, dying free speech, foreign language, urgent situation. - The moral impossibility, when there is a danger to violate the sacramental seal the risk of serious damage or danger of scancalo - Other ways: There are two possibilities: 1) general sacramental absolution without the prior accusation individual, 2) perfect contrition which includes the intention to confess as soon as possible in an ordinary way. 2) general sacramental absolution .*** (c. 961-963) Conditions: Only when you can not charge the individual and integrated. a formula is not an option, but this is exceptional. 2 cases the danger of death. (Eg War) Else is a serious need for many penitents few confessors, without their guilt would be forced to remain for a long time deprived of sacramental grace. But when big party, a pilgrimage, although there are many penitents, is not sufficient reason. Competent authority that the diocesan bishop stabilsce cases of grave necessity. Has exclusive competence with the bishops' conference. Above all, we must confess individually before another general absolution. Minister of repentance is only the priest. <Facolt Or licenza>. for the validity of the sacrament of ordination is required and also a faculty or license. 1. justifications for the presence of the faculty - Sacrament given to a trial: Act giuridizionale faculty - The ecclesial character of the sacrament, an ecclesial - Anthropological dimension: church ensure that the person is consecrated Dionea. - The nature of the faculty. There is no mention of two powers: a sacrament, the power to order, and an extra-, the power of jurisdiction. Forgiveness is all in sacramental power but the exercise of this power is not mo 'trial, the exercise is valid when it is subjected to the decision of the Church. The may make possible the exercise of this power that is needed.

7 2. ways of receiving the faculty. ipso jure or granting authority. - Ipso jure: adjoining office or lawfully prescribed by law: Roman Pontiff, the cardinals, bishops, and possess a valid and lawfully in any place. - By virtue of office have the right to hear confessions, each one in his constituency Ordinary of the place Canon penitentiary Parish priest, seminary rector, cppellano hospital .... - Competent authority for granting faculty: only the local ordinary and the priest gives each the superior of a religious institute faculty 'Limigiano to confess to his subjects. Therefore, the faculty is by virtue of office under the grant dell'oridiario site. 3. termination of faculty 1) for revocation: For the revocation takes serious reasons and if it is revoked by their Ordinary is revoked in the world, if done by another Ordinary applies only to that place. 2) the law, loss ipso jure Loss of office, excardination, loss of domicile. <Penitente>

Requires the prosecution to the penitent, absolution and satisfaction


1. Sacramental seal The confessor is bound to seal the natural and divine law. 1) The object of the seal: the doctrine distinguishes between Essential primary-object, all grave sins and venial sins that the penitent has confessed, and all other data such circumstances, the subject and sin; Object-accidental: they are all the other elements that can cause damage to the penitent. 2. The seal is violated in two ways: - Direct, when the confessor says the sin and the sinner, and when you show other elements that can be traced back to sin and the sinner, and when you say the person even if it is not known to the listeners; - Indirect: a manifestation of one of those items for which there is the risk of other trace elements. Criminal penalties. (1388) The confessor resort to excommunication latae sententiae for direct infringement, was punished for the indirect proportion to the seriousness of the crime and the top down the sentence. For others, there are bound to secrecy sacramental ferendae sententiae penalties. You can use the knowledge of the confession? Can. 984 prohibits the confessor to make use of knowledge acquired in confession. But if there were the injury to the penitent, then it would be lawful to make use of knowledge to help. 3. Protection of the sanctity of Sacramento 1) With regard to the confessor: absolution given by the confessor to his accomplice to the sin against the 6th commandment. (6) (c.977)

absolution to an accomplice on the door deltto act is invalid.


It incurs the excommunication (1378)

8 Stress in the proclamation of the murder of provocation to sin confessor concerning chastity, the provocation must occur during the act of confession or related to, or under the pretext of confession. Ferendae sententia depending on the seriousness of the crime. "(C. 1387) 2) With regard to the penitent: solicitation of the crime of false accusation made against a confessor innocent (982). legal formalities before the bishop or his delegate, the services of a notary, and signing the oath. Penalty is provided for an interdict latae sententiae. Order 1. dimissorial letters 1) the letters are issued after obtaining the certificates and documents required 2) in the case of penalties in the absence of letters dimissorial, the bishop can not order for a year and receiving the order shall be suspended ipso facto. 3) those who can give letters dimissorial The bishop own apostolic administrator, a diocesan administrator. Pro-vicar, pro-prefect of the major superior for Religious 2. ORDAINED 1) Requirements for validity - The baptism, and male sex. - Due lberta - Current plans 2) Requirements for the lawfulness (- Personal circumstances (1027-1032) - institutional requirements or theme (1033-1039), - no irregularities or impediments (1040-1049) - Documents (1050) - the poll (1051). 3) requirements to be ordained 1) careful preparation 2) after preparation, there is a personal suitability assessment 3) prepares the candidate more The assessment of suitability of the proposed elements in 2 - Divine Vocation: is the call to follow Christ. this vocation must be coupled with some healthy signs such as faith, right intention, proper science, good reputation, moral integrity, proven virtue, physical and psychological qualities. -Canonical vocation: it implies that divine and verification, this check is for the bishop. 4) Age: the episcopate - have 35y.o. For the priesthood - have 25years For Dacon - 23y.o.. Dianconato learning (35 married, not soposti 25) 5) study: philosophy, theology 5 years.

4) Which was a prerequisite for ordination Must be received confirmation Must be attributed, ascription, it should be your signature. Must be received letters, acolyte, Must submit a written declaration, stop his fist. Must have completed the ritual public assumption of the obligation of celebrating. Must fulfill the spiritual exercises at least 5days.

9 Should 6mesi intervaldo between a deacon and ordination <impedimenti and irregolarit> 1. Irregularities to receive orders: (c. 1041) mental illness after a thorough appraisal; crime of apostasy, heresy, schism, attack on even a civil marriage; murder or has procured an abortion and had the effect; mutilation and attempted suicide; performance of an act of unlawful order. 2. Impediments to receive orders: (C. 1042) married man exercise of an office or administration forbidden to clerics condition neophyte 3. of irregularities in the exercise of orders (c. 1044): 1) unlawful receipt of orders for irregularities; 2) if the crime is public 3) a person who has committed crimes 4. Impediments to exercise orders: unlawful refusal to receive orders; insanity or other mental illness. 5. Pantry: the Holy See can exempt from all irregularities and impediments. But ordinary can dispense dale irreglarita and impediments not reserved to the Holy See. Sacramentals 1. definition: they are sacred signs, through some resemblance to the sacraments, especially spiritual effects, are obtained through the intercession of the church. 2) can be divided into four categories: 1) consecrations: acts by which a person or thing shall be subtracted profane and are intended for use in perpetuity to serve the Lord and worship 2) dedication: similar acts by which the consecration of an altar or a church are permanently used for worship; 3) blessings: beg the favor and protection of God on people, places, objects .... 4) exorcism: acts by which the Church exercises the power and authority over demons by the command of Jesus Christ and trusting in His power. The ministers requested for the validity of the consecration and dedication are the bishops and priests even when they are to be given by law or by a legitimate license. Catechumens blessing you can give, even non-Catholics. The ecclesiastical funerals 1. Definition: church obtains the 'spiritual help for the deceased, offered the solace of hope to the living. 2. persons admitted The baptized faithful, catechumens, children who die without baptism, baptized non-Catholic 3. people excluded If before his death, did not give any sign of repentance, 1) apostates, heretics, schismatics;

10 2) those who chose the cremation of their bodies for reasons contrary to Christian faith 3) the other manifest sinners, Rating 1. Definition: The vote, which is the deliberate and free promise of a possible and better good against God, must be fulfilled for the virtue of religion; They are capable of giving the vote to all those who use reason, Rating issued for serious and unjustified fear or fraud, is null and void by the law itself. 2. There are various types of votes. : Voting public and private, solemn and simple, personal vote, vote and vote real mixed. Voting public is a public vote received in the name of the Church and accepted by a legitimate ecclesiastical superior. Private vow not normally emits coram ecclesia, but only coram deo, although it is manifested in front of a community, but always remains private. Solemn vow is accepted as the Church. Simple vote is not recognized at the solemn vow. Staff rating is that vote which referred to an action that the subject must make personally. Rated promises a real thing. Rating mixed a bit part 'of one and a bit' of the other (personal and real). 3. Who has the power to suspend.. In the case of his performance causes injury. Roman Pontiff: you can suspend all Bishops can suspend the faithful of his diocese Higher religious may suspend There is no need competent person and the will to vote But in the case of retirement to vote, should be responsible. 4. Voting ends: when the set time has elapsed for the completion of the obligation, to change substantially when the matter of promise, when there is nocondition to which the vote or its final cause, with the pantry and switching. 5. power to dispense Roman Pontiff may dispense from private vows for a good cause: 1) the local ordinary and the pastor, for all his subjects and even to strangers 2) the superior of a religious institute or society of apostolic life, if they are clerical and of pontifical right, in relation to members, novices and people who live day and night in a house the institute or society 3) those to whom it has delegated the power to dispense with the Apostolic See or by the local. oath 1199 1. An oath, that the invocation of the name of God to witness to the truth, can not be taken unless in truth, justice and prudence, 2. The oath required or authorized by the canons, can not validly be provided by proxy 1203 Those who can suspend, dispense, switch the vote, have the same power the same way about the promissory oath, but if a dispensation from an oath again to the detriment of third parties that refuse to waive the obligation of that oath may dispense only the Apostolic See. 1204 The oath must be interpreted strictly in accordance with the law and the intention of those who swear or, if acting with intent, according to the intention of the person who is the oath.

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