Contents

Chapter

Pages

Introduction

iv

Common Core State Standards

v

×0

2

×1

×2

7

×5

15

×5

× 10

× 10
×2

31
×4

×4
×4

23
37
45

x8

51

×8

59

×3

65

×3

×6

73

×6

81

× 6 × 12

87

× 12

95

×9

101

× 11

109

×7

117

Multiplication Success with Algebra

iii

Multiplication Facts for the Week

Multiplying by 2
n×2

n+n

0×2=0

0+0=0

1×2=2

1+1=2

2×2=4

2+2=4

3×2=6

3+3=6

4×2=8

4+4=8

5 × 2 = 10

5 + 5 = 10

6 × 2 = 12

6 + 6 = 12

7 × 2 = 14

7 + 7 = 14

8 × 2 = 16

8 + 8 = 16

9 × 2 = 18

9 + 9 = 18

10 × 2 = 20

10 + 10 = 20

11 × 2 = 22

11 + 11 = 22

12 × 2 = 24

12 + 12 = 24

What patterns do you notice?
How are the twos tables related?
What can you say about multiplying a number by 2?

Multiplication Success with Algebra

7

Multiplication Facts for the Week
Multiplying by 2
n×2

n+n

0×2=0

0+0=0

1×2=2

1+1=2

2×2=4

2+2=4

3×2=6

3+3=6

4×2=8

4+4=8

5 × 2 = 10

5 + 5 = 10

6 × 2 = 12

6 + 6 = 12

7 × 2 = 14

7 + 7 = 14

8 × 2 = 16

8 + 8 = 16

9 × 2 = 18

9 + 9 = 18

10 × 2 = 20

10 + 10 = 20

11 × 2 = 22

11 + 11 = 22

12 × 2 = 24

12 + 12 = 24

What patterns do you notice?
How are the twos tables related?
What can you say about multiplying a number by 2?

Students should notice that all doubles and numbers multiplied by 2 are even
numbers (the ones digit is a 0, 2, 4, 6, or 8). If you multiply any number by 2, you
will get the same number as adding the number twice (or doubling it).
n×2=n+n

8

Multiplication Success with Algebra

Day 1

Name:

Date:

×2
1. 2 × 90 =

Input × 2 = Output

2. 2 × 900 =
3. 2 × 9,000 =

Input

4. 2 × 90,000 =

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

5. 2 × 900,000 =
6. 2 × 9,000,000 =
7. ∆ × 2 = 3 + 9

∆=

8. 18 = 2 × ∆

∆=

9. 2 × ∆ = 16

∆=

10. 2 × 8 = 10 + ∆

∆=

Output

11. (2 × 2) + (5 × 2) =

Input × 2 + 9 = Output

12. (11 × 2) + (3 × 2) =
13. 2 × 2 – 3 =
14.

Input

=6×2+7

15. (12 × 2) – 15 =
16. 2 × 7 = ∆ + 5

∆=

17. 10 × 2 = 2 × ∆ ∆ =
18. 2 × 11 – 8 =
19.
20. 7 × 2 – 8 =

= 11 × 2 + 11

Output

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Multiplication Success with Algebra

9

Day 2

Name:

Date:

×2
Input × 2 + 7 = Output

1. 2 × 70 =
2. 2 × 700 =

Input

3. 2 × 7,000 =

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

4. 2 × 70,000 =
5. 2 × 700,000 =
6. 2 × 7,000,000 =
7. ∆ × 2 = 6 + 8

∆=

8. 20 = 2 × ∆

∆=

9. 2 × ∆ = 6

∆=

10. 2 × ∆ = 10 – 4 ∆ =
11. (2 × 5) + (8 × 2) =

Input × 2 + 5 = Output

12. (2 × 2) + (4 × 2) =
13. 10 × 2 – 15 =

Input

14.

=8×2+5

15. (9 × 2) – 13 =
16. 2 × ∆ = 3 + 5

∆=

17. 9 × 2 = 2 × ∆

∆=

18. 2 × 10 – 8 =
19.

= 12 × 2 + 13

20. 5 × 2 – 8 =

10

Output

Multiplication Success with Algebra

Output

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

Day 3

Name:

Date:

×2
Input × 2 + 9 = Output

1. 2 × 80 =
2. 2 × 800 =

Input

3. 2 × 8,000 =

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

4. 2 × 80,000 =
5. 2 × 800,000 =
6. 2 × 8,000,000 =
7. ∆ × 2 = 5 + 7

∆=

8. 24 = 2 × ∆

∆=

9. 2 × ∆ = 8

∆=

10. 2 × ∆ = 15 – 5 ∆ =
11. (2 × 6) + (10 × 2) =

Input × 2 – 2 = Output

12. (2 × 1) + (8 × 2) =
13. 12 × 2 – 15 =

Input

14.

= 11 × 2 + 5

15. (9 × 2) – 13 =
16. 2 × ∆ = 9 + 9

∆=

17. 7 × 2 = 2 × ∆

∆=

18. 2 × 8 – 8 =
19.
20. 5 × 2 – 3 =

Output

= 10 × 2 + 35

Output

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Multiplication Success with Algebra

11

Day 4

Name:

Date:

×2
Dimensions: 4 × 2

Dimensions: 8 × 2

Area:

Area:

Perimeter:

Perimeter:

Dimensions: 2 × 12

Dimensions: 2 × 6

Area:

Area:

Perimeter:

Perimeter:

12

Multiplication Success with Algebra

Test

Name:

Date:

×0 ×1 ×2
1. What are the dimensions of the array below?
A. 1 × 2
B.

1+2

5. The product of a multiplication
problem is 2,400. Which of the
following are the factors?
A. 2 × 12

C. 2 × 2

B.

D. 0 + 4

2 × 120

C. 2 × 1,200
D. 2 × 12,000

2. 2 × ∆ = 16
What value for ∆ makes the equation true?

6. Compute:

A. 5

(2 × 4) + (2 × 0) =

B.

A. 7

6

C. 7

B.

D. 8

C. 9

Use the Input-Output table below to answer
questions 3 and 4.
Input
1
2
3
4

Output
2
4
6
8

3. If the input is 8, what is the output?
A. 16
B.

17

C. 18
D. 19
4. Which of the following could be the rule for
the Input-Output table?
A. input + 1 = output
B.

input + 2 = output

C. input × 2 = output
D. input × 4 = output

8

D. 10
Use the Input-Output table below to
Input
1
2
3
4

Output
1
2
3
4

7. If the input is 12, what is the output?
A. 10
B. 11
C. 12
D. 13
8. Which of the following could be the
rule for the Input-Output table?
A. input + 1 = output
B. input × 0 = output
C. input × 1 = output
D. input × 2 = output
Multiplication Success with Algebra

13

Test

Name:

Date:

×0 ×1 ×2
9. Which of the following is not a
multiple of 2?

14. Which of the following expressions is
equal to the expression below?

A. 8
B.

10

2×9
A. 2 × 9 × 0

C. 12

B.

D. 15

C. 9 × 1 + 9

10. 24 = 2 × ∆
What value for ∆ makes the equation true?
A. 11
B.

12

C. 8
D. 9
11. Which of the following expressions is
greater than 20?
A. 2 × 9
B.

2×4

2×8×1

D. 2 + 2 + 2 + 2
15. 4 = 4 × ∆
What value for ∆ makes the equation
true?
A. 0
B.

1

C. 4
D. 5

C. 2 × 11

16. (2 × 11) – 15 =

D. 10 × 2

17.

12. 6 + 6 = 2 × ∆
What value for ∆ makes the equation true?
A. 3
B.

4

C. 5
D. 6
13. If 4 × 2 = 8 and 4 × 20 = 80, what is the
product 4 × 200?

= (2 × 6) × 0

18. 12 × 1 + 6 =
19. The rule for the number machine is
input × 2 = output. If the input is 4,
what is the output?

20. Ms. Sargent made up the following rule:
input × 2 – 5 = output. If the input is 8,
what is the output?

A. 800
B.

8,000

C. 80,000
D. 800,000
14

Multiplication Success with Algebra