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Name: ___________________________ Sec #: _________ Station #: ________

Rat Lab QUIZ (0.4pts)1a. Fill in the blanks for the blood flow through the human body, beginning in the lungs. Include the names of major blood vessels (and, if asked, how many of them) and all 4 heart valves: Lungs ________________ (how many? ____) left atrium ________________ (valve) ________________ ________________ ________________ (valve) rest of body ________________ (name both) right atrium ________________ (valve) right ventricle ________________ (valve) lungs (0.05)1b. Which wall of the heart is THICKER and why? (0.2)Label:

(0.05)1c. Name the sac in which the heart is in.

(0.15)2a. One distinguishing trait of chordates is the possession of the notochord. Name the three other distinguishing traits of chordates. ______________________________ (0.05)2b. When did chordates first appear? ______________________________ _______________________ mya ______________________________ (0.15)3a. Excretory system: Trace the pathway of urine, beginning in the kidney. (0.05)Label:

(0.1)3b. What are the functional units of kidneys and one of their major functions?

(0.1)3c. a. b. c. d. e.

Circle ALL that apply: Birds excrete nitrogenous waste that is: Urea Energetically costly 2 nitrogens in it 3 nitrogens in it Also excreted by land snails

(0.05)3d. Order the forms of nitrogenous waste from MOST toxic to LEAST toxic.

(0.5)4a. Digestive system: Trace the pathway of a burger you just ate, beginning with the mouth. Include specific regions in the pharynx, small intestine, and the large intestine. Mouth __________________ (sphincter) __________________ stomach (sphincter)__________________ __________________ (__________________, __________________, __________________) (valve) __________________ large intestine (__________________,__________________) rectum anal canal (anal sphincters) anus (0.2)4b. What organs secrete fluids that aid in digestion? ________________________ List one of these secretions _______________________ and give its function __________________________________________________________________________ (0.05)4c. What structure prevents food from entering your trachea? (0.1)4d. What are mesentaries (their function) and what major type(s) of primary tissue are they made out of?

(0.05)4e. Name one organ that you can find in the peritoneum.

(0.2)5. Fill in with the best anatomical term: (ref. = human anatomical position) Where you can see them side by side, the parotid duct is _______________________ to the facial nerve. The tarsals are more ___________________to the tibia and fibula than the metatarsals. The ileum is ________________________to the jejunum. The maxilla is _____________________to the mandible.

Name: ___________________________ Sec #: _________ Station #: ________

(0.35)7. To the left, label all three body planes. Also label: DORSAL, VENTRAL, ANTERIOR, POSTERIOR .

To the right, label all three body axes. Also label: DORSAL, VENTRAL, ANTERIOR, POSTERIOR

(0.05)8a. In measuring blood pressure: Systolic pressure is MEASURED when internal pressure DOES NOT EXCEED / EXCEEDS / IS EQUAL TO the externally applied force. Diastolic pressure is MEASURED when externally applied pressure DOES NOT EXCEED / EXCEEDS / IS EQUAL TO internal pressure. (0.05)8b. Which pressure is larger, systolic or diastolic? What causes systolic and diastolic blood pressure?

(0.6)9.

Label the empty boxes.