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Job No:

Sheet:
1
of
4
Made by:
CPM
Date:
24/02/05
Checked by:

Date:

Client:

Job Title:
SHS Joints Worked Example
Subject:
CHS Gap K-joint, Axial Capacity
Corus Tubes
PO Box 101, Weldon Road
Corby, Northants
NN17 5UA
Tel: +44 (0) 1536 402121
Fax: +44 (0) 1536 404049
www.corusgroup.com





Care has been taken to ensure that this information is accurate, but Corus Group plc, including its subsidiaries, does not accept responsibility or liability for errors or
information which is found to be misleading.
References are to Corus publication Design of SHS welded joints

-500 kN 400 kN
CHS 219.1x12.5
All material EN 10210 S355J2H
CHS 139.7x5.0 CHS 114.3x3.6
45 45
40
-1000 kN
-1636 kN


Parameter limits

d
0
/t
0
50 d
0
/t
0
= 219.1/12.5 = 17.53 PASS

d
i
/t
i
50 d
1
/t
1
= 139.7/5 = 27.94 PASS
d
2
/t
2
= 114.3/3.6 = 31.75 PASS

d
i
/d
0
0.2 d
1
/d
0
= 139.7/219.1 = 0.64 PASS
d
2
/d
0
= 114.3/219.1 = 0.52 PASS

g t
1
+ t
2
40 5 + 3.6 = 8.6 mm PASS

30
i
90
1
= 45 PASS

2
= 45 PASS

-0.55 d
0
e +0.25 d
0
e = 0 mm
-0.55 x 219.1 e +0.25 x 219.1
-120.5 e +54.8 PASS



















5.1.1 Table 6
(page 20)
















3.1
(page 9)





















Job No:

Sheet:
2
of
4
Made by:
CPM
Date:
24/02/05
Checked by:

Date:

Client:

Job Title:
SHS Joints Worked Example
Subject:
CHS Gap K-joint, Axial Capacity
Corus Tubes
PO Box 101, Weldon Road
Corby, Northants
NN17 5UA
Tel: +44 (0) 1536 402121
Fax: +44 (0) 1536 404049
www.corusgroup.com





Care has been taken to ensure that this information is accurate, but Corus Group plc, including its subsidiaries, does not accept responsibility or liability for errors or
information which is found to be misleading.
Chord face deformation
Note: Brace 1 usually designated compression and brace 2 tension.
Compression brace (1):
( ) ( )
p
0
1
1
2
0 0 y
Rd , 1
n f g f
d
d
2 . 10 8 . 1
sin
t f
N
|
|
.
|

\
|
+

=

where,

Gap/lap function f(g)
Using formulae: Using graph:

( )
( )

+

+ =
33 . 1 t / g 5 . 0 exp 1
024 . 0
1 g f
0
2 . 1
2 . 0


Note: g is positive for a gap and negative for an overlap

764 . 8
5 . 12 2
1 . 219
t 2
d
0
0
=

= =

( )
( )

+

+ =
33 . 1 5 . 12 / 40 5 . 0 exp 1
764 . 8 024 . 0
1 764 . 8 g f
2 . 1
2 . 0

( ) 761 . 1 g f =


from graph;

f(g) = 1.761

where;

g/t
o
= 40/12.5 = 3.2

d
o
/t
o
= 219.1/12.5
d
o
/t
o
= 17.528












5.1.3
(page 21)







Formulae Graph
5.1.2
(page
20)
7.1
(page
43)
Graph
5.1.2
Fig. 22
(page
21)




















Job No:

Sheet:
3
of
4
Made by:
CPM
Date:
24/02/05
Checked by:

Date:

Client:

Job Title:
SHS Joints Worked Example
Subject:
CHS Gap K-joint, Axial Capacity
Corus Tubes
PO Box 101, Weldon Road
Corby, Northants
NN17 5UA
Tel: +44 (0) 1536 402121
Fax: +44 (0) 1536 404049
www.corusgroup.com





Care has been taken to ensure that this information is accurate, but Corus Group plc, including its subsidiaries, does not accept responsibility or liability for errors or
information which is found to be misleading.

CHS chord end load function f(n
p
)
Using formulae: Using graph:

0 . 1 but
f
3 . 0
f
3 . 0 1 ) n ( f
2
0 y
p
0 y
p
p

|
|
.
|

\
|

+ =

where;

CHS chord least compressive
stress
p
;

0 , el
2
0 , op
2
0 , ip
0
0 , p
p
W
M M
A
N
+
=

Note: Moment part is additive to compressive
stress which is negative, hence minus sign for
moments. For CHS chords use least compressive
chord stress.

2
p
10 1 . 81
1000 1000


=

2
p
mm / N 30 . 123 =

2
p
355
3 . 123
3 . 0
355
3 . 123
3 . 0 1 ) n ( f |
.
|

\
|

+ =

0 . 1 860 . 0 ) n ( f
p
=


where;

CHS chord least compressive
stress
p
;

0 , el
2
0 , op
2
0 , ip
0
0 , p
p
W
M M
A
N
+
=

Note: Moment part is additive to compressive
stress which is negative, hence minus sign for
moments. For CHS chords use least
compressive chord stress.

2
p
10 1 . 81
1000 1000


=

2
p
mm / N 30 . 123 =

CHS chord stress ratio;

347 . 0
355
30 . 123
f
0 y
p
=



from graph;

f(n
p
) = 0.860








Formulae Graph
5.1.2
(page
20)
5.1.2
(page
20)
5.1.2
(page
20)
5.1.2
(page
20)
5.1.2
Graph
Fig. 21
(page
21)















Job No:

Sheet:
4
of
4
Made by:
CPM
Date:
24/02/05
Checked by:

Date:

Client:

Job Title:
SHS Joints Worked Example
Subject:
CHS Gap K-joint, Axial Capacity
Corus Tubes
PO Box 101, Weldon Road
Corby, Northants
NN17 5UA
Tel: +44 (0) 1536 402121
Fax: +44 (0) 1536 404049
www.corusgroup.com





Care has been taken to ensure that this information is accurate, but Corus Group plc, including its subsidiaries, does not accept responsibility or liability for errors or
information which is found to be misleading.
860 . 0 761 . 1
1 . 219
7 . 139
2 . 10 8 . 1
45 sin
5 . 12 355
N
2
Rd , 1
|
.
|

\
|
+

=

kN 986 N
Rd , 1
=

Tension brace (2):
986
45 sin
45 sin
N
sin
sin
N
Rd , 1
2
1
Rd , 2

=

kN 986 N
Rd , 2
=

Chord punching shear
(valid when d
i
d
0
- 2t
0
)

i
2
i
i 0 0 y
Rd , i
sin 2
sin 1
3
d t f
N

=
Brace (1):


=
45 sin 2
45 sin 1
3
7 . 139 5 . 12 355
N
2
Rd , 1


kN 1919 N
Rd , 1
=

Brace (2):


=
45 sin 2
45 sin 1
3
3 . 114 5 . 12 355
N
2
Rd , 2


kN 1570 N
Rd , 2
=

Joint strength dictated by chord face deformation for both bracings;

Brace 1 joint capacity, kN 986 N
Rd , 1
=

Brace 2 joint capacity, kN 986 N
Rd , 2
=











5.1.3
(page 21)












5.1.3
(page 22)
Job No:

Sheet:
1
of
4
Made by:
CPM
Date:
24/02/05
Checked by:

Date:

Client:

Job Title:
SHS Joints Worked Example
Subject:
CHS Overlap K-joint, Axial Capacity
Corus Tubes
PO Box 101, Weldon Road
Corby, Northants
NN17 5UA
Tel: +44 (0) 1536 402121
Fax: +44 (0) 1536 404049
www.corusgroup.com





Care has been taken to ensure that this information is accurate, but Corus Group plc, including its subsidiaries, does not accept responsibility or liability for errors or
information which is found to be misleading.
References are to Corus publication Design of SHS welded joints
-500 kN
-1000 kN
CHS 219.1x12.5
All material EN 10210 S355J2H
CHS 139.7x5.0
400 kN
-1636 kN
CHS 114.3x3.6
45
45
-45
e = -42.2


Parameter limits
d
0
/t
0
50 d
0
/t
0
= 219.1/12.5 = 17.53 PASS

d
i
/t
i
50 d
1
/t
1
= 139.7/5 = 27.94 PASS
d
2
/t
2
= 114.3/3.6 = 31.75 PASS

d
i
/d
0
0.2 d
1
/d
0
= 139.7/219.1 = 0.64 PASS
d
2
/d
0
= 114.3/219.1 = 0.52 PASS

25% Overlap 100% Overlap = g sin
i
/d
i
x 100%
Overlap = 45 sin 45 / 114.3 x 100%
Overlap = 27.8%
25% 27.8% 100% PASS

30
i
90
1
= 45 PASS

2
= 45 PASS

-0.55 d
0
e +0.25 d
0
e = -42.2 mm
-0.55 x 219.1 e +0.25 x 219.1
-120.5 e +54.8 PASS


















5.1.1 Table 6
(page 20)









7.1 Fig. 31
(page 43,44)









3.1
(page 9)



















Job No:

Sheet:
2
of
4
Made by:
CPM
Date:
24/02/05
Checked by:

Date:

Client:

Job Title:
SHS Joints Worked Example
Subject:
CHS Overlap K-joint, Axial Capacity
Corus Tubes
PO Box 101, Weldon Road
Corby, Northants
NN17 5UA
Tel: +44 (0) 1536 402121
Fax: +44 (0) 1536 404049
www.corusgroup.com





Care has been taken to ensure that this information is accurate, but Corus Group plc, including its subsidiaries, does not accept responsibility or liability for errors or
information which is found to be misleading.
Chord face deformation
Note: Brace 1 usually designated compression and brace 2 tension.
Compression brace (1):
( ) ( )
p
0
1
1
2
0 0 y
Rd , 1
n f g f
d
d
2 . 10 8 . 1
sin
t f
N
|
|
.
|

\
|
+

=
5.1.3 (page 21)
where,

Gap/lap function f(g)
Using formulae: Using graph:

( )
( )

+

+ =
33 . 1 t / g 5 . 0 exp 1
024 . 0
1 g f
0
2 . 1
2 . 0


Note: g is positive for a gap and negative for an overlap

764 . 8
5 . 12 2
1 . 219
t 2
d
0
0
=

= =

( )
( ) ( )

+

+ =
33 . 1 5 . 12 / 45 5 . 0 exp 1
764 . 8 024 . 0
1 764 . 8 g f
2 . 1
2 . 0

( ) 024 . 2 g f =


from graph;

f(g) = 2.024

where;

g/t
o
= -45/12.5 = -3.6

d
o
/t
o
= 219.1/12.5
d
o
/t
o
= 17.528



















Formulae Graph
5.1.2
(page
20)
7.1
(page
43)
Graph
5.1.2
Fig. 22
(page
21)





















Job No:

Sheet:
3
of
4
Made by:
CPM
Date:
24/02/05
Checked by:

Date:

Client:

Job Title:
SHS Joints Worked Example
Subject:
CHS Overlap K-joint, Axial Capacity
Corus Tubes
PO Box 101, Weldon Road
Corby, Northants
NN17 5UA
Tel: +44 (0) 1536 402121
Fax: +44 (0) 1536 404049
www.corusgroup.com





Care has been taken to ensure that this information is accurate, but Corus Group plc, including its subsidiaries, does not accept responsibility or liability for errors or
information which is found to be misleading.

CHS chord end load function f(n
p
)
Using formulae: Using graph:

0 . 1 but
f
3 . 0
f
3 . 0 1 ) n ( f
2
0 y
p
0 y
p
p

|
|
.
|

\
|

+ =

where;

CHS chord least compressive
stress
p
;

0 , el
2
0 , op
2
0 , ip
0
0 , p
p
W
M M
A
N
+
=

Note: Moment part is additive to compressive
stress which is negative, hence minus sign for
moments. For CHS chords use least compressive
chord stress.

2
p
10 1 . 81
1000 1000


=

2
p
mm / N 30 . 123 =

2
p
355
3 . 123
3 . 0
355
3 . 123
3 . 0 1 ) n ( f |
.
|

\
|

+ =

0 . 1 860 . 0 ) n ( f
p
=


where;

CHS chord least compressive
stress
p
;

0 , el
2
0 , op
2
0 , ip
0
0 , p
p
W
M M
A
N
+
=

Note: Moment part is additive to compressive
stress which is negative, hence minus sign for
moments. For CHS chords use least
compressive chord stress.

2
p
10 1 . 81
1000 1000


=

2
p
mm / N 30 . 123 =

CHS chord stress ratio;

347 . 0
355
30 . 123
f
0 y
p
=



from graph;

f(n
p
) = 0.860






Formulae Graph
5.1.2
(page
20)
5.1.2
(page
20)
5.1.2
(page
20)
5.1.2
(page
20)
5.1.2
Graph
Fig. 21
(page
21)















Job No:

Sheet:
4
of
4
Made by:
CPM
Date:
24/02/05
Checked by:

Date:

Client:

Job Title:
SHS Joints Worked Example
Subject:
CHS Overlap K-joint, Axial Capacity
Corus Tubes
PO Box 101, Weldon Road
Corby, Northants
NN17 5UA
Tel: +44 (0) 1536 402121
Fax: +44 (0) 1536 404049
www.corusgroup.com





Care has been taken to ensure that this information is accurate, but Corus Group plc, including its subsidiaries, does not accept responsibility or liability for errors or
information which is found to be misleading.

860 . 0 024 . 2
1 . 219
7 . 139
2 . 10 8 . 1
45 sin
5 . 12 355
N
2
Rd , 1
|
.
|

\
|
+

=

kN 1134 N
Rd , 1
=


Tension brace (2):
1134
45 sin
45 sin
N
sin
sin
N
Rd , 1
2
1
Rd , 2

=

kN 1134 N
Rd , 2
=

Chord punching shear check not required for overlapping bracings.
Joint strength dictated by chord face deformation for both bracings;

Brace 1 joint capacity, kN 1134 N
Rd , 1
=

Brace 2 joint capacity, kN 1134 N
Rd , 2
=
















5.1.3
(page 21)












































Job No:

Sheet:
1
of
6
Made by:
CPM
Date:
24/02/05
Checked by:

Date:

Client:

Job Title:
SHS Joints Worked Example
Subject:
RHS Gap K-joint, Axial Capacity
Corus Tubes
PO Box 101, Weldon Road
Corby, Northants
NN17 5UA
Tel: +44 (0) 1536 402121
Fax: +44 (0) 1536 404049
www.corusgroup.com





Care has been taken to ensure that this information is accurate, but Corus Group plc, including its subsidiaries, does not accept responsibility or liability for errors or
information which is found to be misleading.
References are to Corus publication Design of SHS welded joints

-650 kN
RHS 200 x 200 x 10
All material EN 10210 S355J2H
SHS 120 x 120 x 5
45
5
45
650 kN
40
-1000 kN
-1920 kN


Parameter limits

b
0
/t
0
35 b
0
/t
0
= 200/10 = 20 PASS
h
0
/t
0
35 h
0
/t
0
= 200/10 = 20 PASS

b
i
/t
i
; h
i
/t
i
35 and 34.5(275/f
yi
) = 30.4 compression brace
b
1
/t
1
= 120/5 = 24 PASS
h
1
/t
1
= 120/5 = 24 PASS

b
i
/t
i
; h
i
/t
i
35 tension brace
b
2
/t
2
= 120/5 = 24 PASS
h
2
/t
2
= 120/5 = 24 PASS

b
i
/b
0
0.35 and 0.1+0.01 b
0
/t
0
= 0.3
b
1
/b
0
= 120/200 = 0.6 PASS
b
2
/b
0
= 120/200 = 0.6 PASS

g t
1
+ t
2
40 5 + 5 = 10 mm PASS

0.5(b
0
-(b
1
+b
2
)/2) g 1.5(b
0
-(b
1
+b
2
)/2) g = 40 mm
0.5(200-(120+120)/2) g 1.5(200-(120+120)/2)
40 g 120 mm PASS

30
i
90
1
= 45 PASS

2
= 45 PASS

-0.55 h
0
e +0.25 h
0
e = 5 mm
-0.55 x 200 e +0.25 x 200
-110 e +50 PASS


















5.2.1 Table 7
(page 25)




























2.1
(page 4)


3.1
(page 9)






Job No:

Sheet:
2
of
6
Made by:
CPM
Date:
24/02/05
Checked by:

Date:

Client:

Job Title:
SHS Joints Worked Example
Subject:
RHS Gap K-joint, Axial Capacity
Corus Tubes
PO Box 101, Weldon Road
Corby, Northants
NN17 5UA
Tel: +44 (0) 1536 402121
Fax: +44 (0) 1536 404049
www.corusgroup.com





Care has been taken to ensure that this information is accurate, but Corus Group plc, including its subsidiaries, does not accept responsibility or liability for errors or
information which is found to be misleading.
Chord face deformation brace 1
Note: Brace 1 usually designated compression and brace 2 tension.
Compression brace (1):
( ) n f
b 4
h b h b
t
b
sin
t f 3 . 6
N
0
2 2 1 1
0
0
1
2
0 0 y
Rd , 1
|
|
.
|

\
| + + +

=

where,

RHS chord end load function f(n)
Using formulae: Using graph:

( ) 0 . 1 but
f
4 . 0
3 . 1 n f
0 y
0

+ =

where;

6 . 0
200 2
120 120
b 2
b b
0
2
1
=

+
=
+
=

RHS chord most compressive
stress
0
;

0 , op , el
0 , op
0 , ip , el
0 , ip
0
0
0
W
M
W
M
A
N
+ + =

Note: Moment part is additive to compressive
stress which is negative, hence minus sign for
moments. For RHS chords use most compressive
chord stress.

2
0
10 9 . 74
1000 1920


=

2
0
mm / N 34 . 256 =

( )
( )
0 . 1
6 . 0 355
34 . 256 4 . 0
3 . 1 n f


+ =

( ) 0 . 1 819 . 0 n f =

where;

RHS chord most compressive
stress
0
;

0 , op , el
0 , op
0 , ip , el
0 , ip
0
0
0
W
M
W
M
A
N
+ + =

Note: Moment part is additive to compressive
stress which is negative, hence minus sign for
moments. For RHS chords use most
compressive chord stress.

2
0
10 9 . 74
1000 1920


=

2
0
mm / N 34 . 256 =

RHS chord stress ratio;

722 . 0
355
34 . 256
f
0 y
0
=



from graph;

for 6 . 0
200
120
b
b
0
i
= =

f(n) = 0.819







5.2.3
(page 28)








Formulae Graph
5.2.2
(page
25)
7.1
(page
43)
5.2.2
(page
25)
5.2.2
(page
25)
5.2.2
(page
25)
5.2.2
Graph
Fig. 23
(page
26)
Job No:

Sheet:
3
of
6
Made by:
CPM
Date:
24/02/05
Checked by:

Date:

Client:

Job Title:
SHS Joints Worked Example
Subject:
RHS Gap K-joint, Axial Capacity
Corus Tubes
PO Box 101, Weldon Road
Corby, Northants
NN17 5UA
Tel: +44 (0) 1536 402121
Fax: +44 (0) 1536 404049
www.corusgroup.com





Care has been taken to ensure that this information is accurate, but Corus Group plc, including its subsidiaries, does not accept responsibility or liability for errors or
information which is found to be misleading.

819 . 0
200 4
120 120 120 120
10
200
45 sin
10 355 3 . 6
N
2
Rd , 1

+ + +


=

kN 695 N
Rd , 1
=

Chord shear check brace 1

i
v 0 y
Rd , i
sin 3
A f
N

=

where
212 . 0
10 3
40 4
1
1
t 3
g 4
1
1
5 . 0
2
2
5 . 0
2
0
2
=

+
=

+
=


( ) ( )
2
0 0 0 v
mm 4424 10 200 212 . 0 200 2 t b h 2 A = + = + =

=
45 sin 3
4424 355
N
Rd , 1


kN 1282 N
Rd , 1
=














5.2.3
(page 28)







5.2.2
(page 27)





5.2.2
(page 27)




























Job No:

Sheet:
4
of
6
Made by:
CPM
Date:
24/02/05
Checked by:

Date:

Client:

Job Title:
SHS Joints Worked Example
Subject:
RHS Gap K-joint, Axial Capacity
Corus Tubes
PO Box 101, Weldon Road
Corby, Northants
NN17 5UA
Tel: +44 (0) 1536 402121
Fax: +44 (0) 1536 404049
www.corusgroup.com





Care has been taken to ensure that this information is accurate, but Corus Group plc, including its subsidiaries, does not accept responsibility or liability for errors or
information which is found to be misleading.
Bracing Effective width brace 1

( )
eff i i i i yi Rd , i
b b t 4 h 2 t f N + + =

where
i i
i yi
0 0 y
0
0
eff
b but b
t f
t f
b
t 10
b =

mm 120 but mm 120 120
5 355
10 355
200
10 10
b
eff
=

=

( ) 120 120 5 4 120 2 5 355 N
Rd , 1
+ + =

kN 817 N
Rd , 1
=

Chord punching shear brace 1
(valid when 1 - 2t
0
/b
0
)

|
|
.
|

\
|
+ +

=
ep i
i
i
i
0 0 y
Rd , i
b b
sin
h 2
sin 3
t f
N

where
i i
0
0
ep
b but b
b
t 10
b =

120 but 120
200
10 10
b
ep

=

mm 60 b
ep
=

|
|
.
|

\
|
+ +

= 60 120
45 sin
120 2
45 sin 3
10 355
N
Rd , i


kN 1506 N
Rd , 1
=

Summary - brace 1
Joint strength for brace 1 dictated by chord face deformation.
Brace 1 joint capacity, kN 695 N
Rd , 1
=



5.2.3
(page 28)


5.2.2
(page 26)



















5.2.3
(page 28)



5.2.2
(page 26)
























Job No:

Sheet:
5
of
6
Made by:
CPM
Date:
24/02/05
Checked by:

Date:

Client:

Job Title:
SHS Joints Worked Example
Subject:
RHS Gap K-joint, Axial Capacity
Corus Tubes
PO Box 101, Weldon Road
Corby, Northants
NN17 5UA
Tel: +44 (0) 1536 402121
Fax: +44 (0) 1536 404049
www.corusgroup.com





Care has been taken to ensure that this information is accurate, but Corus Group plc, including its subsidiaries, does not accept responsibility or liability for errors or
information which is found to be misleading.
Brace 2
Repeat brace capacity formulae for brace 2.

Note: As both braces are of same geometry, brace 2 capacity will be the same:

Chord face deformation, kN 695 N
Rd , 2
=

Chord shear check, kN 1282 N
Rd , 2
=

Bracing effective width, kN 817 N
Rd , 2
=

Punching shear, kN 1506 N
Rd , 2
=


Brace 2 joint capacity, kN 695 N
Rd , 2
=





























































Job No:

Sheet:
6
of
6
Made by:
CPM
Date:
24/02/05
Checked by:

Date:

Client:

Job Title:
SHS Joints Worked Example
Subject:
RHS Gap K-joint, Axial Capacity
Corus Tubes
PO Box 101, Weldon Road
Corby, Northants
NN17 5UA
Tel: +44 (0) 1536 402121
Fax: +44 (0) 1536 404049
www.corusgroup.com





Care has been taken to ensure that this information is accurate, but Corus Group plc, including its subsidiaries, does not accept responsibility or liability for errors or
information which is found to be misleading.
Chord axial load resistance in gap
Chord: Axial load in gap (valid when V 0.5 V
p
)

( ) | |
2
p v 0 0 y Rd , gap , 0
1 V / V 2 A A f N =

where
2
0
mm 7490 A =


2
v
mm 4424 A =


kN 619 . 459 45 sin 650 sin N V
i i
= = =

kN 740 . 906
3
4424
355
3
A
f V
v
0 y p
= = =

|
.
|

\
|
=
2
Rd , gap , 0
1
740 . 906
619 . 459
2 4424 7490 355 N

kN 2659 N
Rd , gap , 0
=

-650 650
-1000 -1000
-460
-460
-1920
-1000
-460
-1460

Axial load in gap (kN)

kN 1460 N
gap , 0
=

2659 > 1460 Passes axial load in gap







5.2.3
(page 28)




















































Job No:

Sheet:
1
of
3
Made by:
CPM
Date:
01/11/04
Checked by:

Date:

Client:

Job Title:
SHS Joints Worked Example
Subject:
RHS Overlap K-joint, Axial Capacity
Corus Tubes
PO Box 101, Weldon Road
Corby, Northants
NN17 5UA
Tel: +44 (0) 1536 402121
Fax: +44 (0) 1536 404049
www.corusgroup.com





Care has been taken to ensure that this information is accurate, but Corus Group plc, including its subsidiaries, does not accept responsibility or liability for errors or
information which is found to be misleading.
References are to Corus publication Design of SHS welded joints
-600 kN
-1000 kN -1849 kN
SHS 200 x 200 x 10
All material EN 10210 S355J2H
SHS 120 x 120 x 5
600 kN
45
45
70
i j
-50.1

Parameter limits

b
0
/t
0
40 b
0
/t
0
= 200/10 = 20 PASS
h
0
/t
0
40 h
0
/t
0
= 200/10 = 20 PASS

b
i
/t
i
; h
i
/t
i
30.4(275/f
yi
) = 26.8 compression brace
b
1
/t
1
= 120/5 = 24 PASS
h
1
/t
1
= 120/5 = 24 PASS

b
i
/t
i
; h
i
/t
i
35 tension brace
b
2
/t
2
= 120/5 = 24 PASS
h
2
/t
2
= 120/5 = 24 PASS

b
i
/b
0
0.25 b
1
/b
0
= 120/200 = 0.6 PASS
b
2
/b
0
= 120/200 = 0.6 PASS

b
i
/b
j
0.75 b
i
/b
j
= 120/120 = 1.0 PASS

25% overlap 100% Overlap = g sin
i
/h
i
x 100%
Overlap = 70 sin 45 / 120 x 100%
Overlap = 41.2%
25% 27.8% 100% PASS

30
i
90
1
= 45 PASS

2
= 45 PASS

-0.55 h
0
e +0.25 h
0
e = -50.1 mm
-0.55 x 200 e +0.25 x 200
-110 e +50 PASS

















5.2.1 Table 7
(page 25)




















7.1 Fig. 31
(page 43,44)

5.2.1 Table 7
(page 25)

2.1
(page 4)


3.1
(page 9)







Job No:

Sheet:
2
of
3
Made by:
CPM
Date:
01/11/04
Checked by:

Date:

Client:

Job Title:
SHS Joints Worked Example
Subject:
RHS Overlap K-joint, Axial Capacity
Corus Tubes
PO Box 101, Weldon Road
Corby, Northants
NN17 5UA
Tel: +44 (0) 1536 402121
Fax: +44 (0) 1536 404049
www.corusgroup.com





Care has been taken to ensure that this information is accurate, but Corus Group plc, including its subsidiaries, does not accept responsibility or liability for errors or
information which is found to be misleading.
Bracing Effective width
Note: Only the overlapping brace (i) need be checked. The capacity of the overlapped brace (j) is
based on on an efficiency ratio to that of the overlapping brace.

Overlapping brace, i (2):
For 25% O
v
< 50%

( )

+ + |
.
|

\
|
=
eov eff i i
v
i yi Rd , i
b b t 4 h 2
50
O
t f N

where,
i i
i yi
0 0 y
0
0
eff
b but b
t f
t f
b
t 10
b =

120 but 120
5 355
10 355
200
10 10
b
eff

=

mm 120 b
eff
=


i i
i yi
j yj
j
j
eov
b but b
t f
t f
b
t 10
b =

120 but 120
5 355
5 355
120
5 10
b
eov

=

mm 50 b
eov
=


( )

+ + |
.
|

\
|
= 50 120 5 4 120 2
50
2 . 41
5 355 N
Rd , i


kN 624 N
Rd , i
=












5.2.3
(page 28)



5.2.2
(page 26)










5.2.2
(page 26)






























Job No:

Sheet:
3
of
3
Made by:
CPM
Date:
01/11/04
Checked by:

Date:

Client:

Job Title:
SHS Joints Worked Example
Subject:
RHS Overlap K-joint, Axial Capacity
Corus Tubes
PO Box 101, Weldon Road
Corby, Northants
NN17 5UA
Tel: +44 (0) 1536 402121
Fax: +44 (0) 1536 404049
www.corusgroup.com





Care has been taken to ensure that this information is accurate, but Corus Group plc, including its subsidiaries, does not accept responsibility or liability for errors or
information which is found to be misleading.

Overlapped brace, j (1):

yi i
yj j
Rd , i Rd , j
f A
f A
N N =

355 7 . 22
355 7 . 22
624 N
Rd , j

=

kN 624 N
Rd , j
=







5.2.3
(page 28)




















































Job No:

Sheet:
1
of
4
Made by:
CPM
Date:
01/11/04
Checked by:

Date:

Client:

Job Title:
SHS Joints Worked Example
Subject:
RHS T-joint, Moment In-Plane Capacity
Corus Tubes
PO Box 101, Weldon Road
Corby, Northants
NN17 5UA
Tel: +44 (0) 1536 402121
Fax: +44 (0) 1536 404049
www.corusgroup.com





Care has been taken to ensure that this information is accurate, but Corus Group plc, including its subsidiaries, does not accept responsibility or liability for errors or
information which is found to be misleading.
References are to Corus publication Design of SHS welded joints

RHS 150 x 150 x 10
All material EN 10210 S355J2H
RHS 150 x 150 x 8
90
54 kNm
-19.2 kN
35.8 kNm
-136 kN
18.2 kNm
-350 kN


For simplicity only the moment in plane capacity calculations are shown as other
examples cover axial capacity. Axial and moment out of plane capacity would
need to be calculated and included in the interaction check.

Parameter limits

b
0
/t
0
35 b
0
/t
0
= 150/10 = 15 PASS
h
0
/t
0
35 h
0
/t
0
= 150/10 = 15 PASS

b
i
/t
i
; h
i
/t
i
35 and 34.5(275/f
yi
) = 30.4 compression brace
b
1
/t
1
= 150/8 = 24 PASS
h
1
/t
1
= 150/8 = 24 PASS

b
i
/b
0
0.25 b
1
/b
0
= 150/200 = 0.75 PASS

30
i
90
1
= 45 PASS



























5.2.1 Table 7
(page 25)










2.1
(page 4)



















Job No:

Sheet:
2
of
4
Made by:
CPM
Date:
01/11/04
Checked by:

Date:

Client:

Job Title:
SHS Joints Worked Example
Subject:
RHS T-joint, Moment In-Plane Capacity
Corus Tubes
PO Box 101, Weldon Road
Corby, Northants
NN17 5UA
Tel: +44 (0) 1536 402121
Fax: +44 (0) 1536 404049
www.corusgroup.com





Care has been taken to ensure that this information is accurate, but Corus Group plc, including its subsidiaries, does not accept responsibility or liability for errors or
information which is found to be misleading.
Chord face deformation
(Valid when 0.85)

0 . 1
150
150
b
b
0
1
= = = Check not required

Although this check is not required in this particular case, the calculation for chord
end load function is shown for information as it includes moments;

RHS chord end load function f(n)
Using formulae: Using graph:

( ) 0 . 1 but
f
4 . 0
3 . 1 n f
0 y
0

+ =

where;

RHS chord most compressive
stress
0
;

0 , op , el
0 , op
0 , ip , el
0 , ip
0
0
0
W
M
W
M
A
N
+ + =

Note: Moment part is additive to compressive
stress which is negative, hence minus sign for
moments. For RHS chords use most compressive
chord stress.

3 2
0
10 236
1000 1000 8 . 35
10 9 . 54
1000 136


=

2
0
mm / N 47 . 176 =

( )
( )
0 . 1
0 . 1 355
47 . 176 4 . 0
3 . 1 n f


+ =

( ) 0 . 1 ) n ( f 0 . 1 but 101 . 1 n f = =

where;

RHS chord most compressive
stress
0
;

0 , op , el
0 , op
0 , ip , el
0 , ip
0
0
0
W
M
W
M
A
N
+ + =

Note: Moment part is additive to compressive
stress which is negative, hence minus sign for
moments. For RHS chords use most
compressive chord stress.

3 2
0
10 236
1000 1000 8 . 35
10 9 . 54
1000 136


=


2
0
mm / N 47 . 176 =

RHS chord stress ratio;

497 . 0
355
47 . 176
f
0 y
0
=



from graph;

for 0 . 1
150
150
b
b
0
i
= =

f(n) = 1.101
(However, not required in this case as chord deformation not critical as >0.85)





7.1
(page 43)








Formulae Graph
5.2.2
(page
25)
5.2.2
(page
25)
5.2.2
(page
25)
5.2.2
(page
25)
5.2.2
Graph
Fig. 23
(page
26)


Job No:

Sheet:
3
of
4
Made by:
CPM
Date:
01/11/04
Checked by:

Date:

Client:

Job Title:
SHS Joints Worked Example
Subject:
RHS T-joint, Moment In-Plane Capacity
Corus Tubes
PO Box 101, Weldon Road
Corby, Northants
NN17 5UA
Tel: +44 (0) 1536 402121
Fax: +44 (0) 1536 404049
www.corusgroup.com





Care has been taken to ensure that this information is accurate, but Corus Group plc, including its subsidiaries, does not accept responsibility or liability for errors or
information which is found to be misleading.
Chord side wall crushing
(Valid when 0.85 < 1.0)

( )
2
0 1 0 yk Rd , ip
t 5 h t f 5 . 0 M + =

where,
0 y yk
f f = for T-joints

( )
2
Rd , ip
10 5 150 10 355 5 . 0 M + =

kNm 71 M
Rd , ip
=


Bracing Effective width
(Valid when 0.85 < 1.0)

|
|
.
|

\
|
=
1 1 1
1
eff
1 , pl 1 y Rd , ip
t h b
b
b
1 W f M

where,
1 1
1 1 y
0 0 y
0
0
eff
b but b
t f
t f
b
t 10
b =


mm 150 but mm 125 150
8 355
10 355
150
10 10
b
eff
=

|
.
|

\
|
= 8 150 150
150
125
1 10 237 355 M
3
Rd , ip


kNm 49 . 73 M
Rd , ip
=







5.2.5.1
(page 28)



















5.2.5.1
(page 28)



5.2.2
(page 26)


























Job No:

Sheet:
4
of
4
Made by:
CPM
Date:
01/11/04
Checked by:

Date:

Client:

Job Title:
SHS Joints Worked Example
Subject:
RHS T-joint, Moment In-Plane Capacity
Corus Tubes
PO Box 101, Weldon Road
Corby, Northants
NN17 5UA
Tel: +44 (0) 1536 402121
Fax: +44 (0) 1536 404049
www.corusgroup.com





Care has been taken to ensure that this information is accurate, but Corus Group plc, including its subsidiaries, does not accept responsibility or liability for errors or
information which is found to be misleading.
Summary Moment in plane
Joint moment in-plane capacity dictated by chord side wall failure.

Brace joint capacity, kNm 71 M
Rd , ip
=


Interaction formula
(When moments are present an interaction check is required)

RHS Chord, Check 0 . 1
M
M
M
M
N
N
Rd , op
op
Rd , ip
ip
Rd
+ +

CHS Chord, Check 0 . 1
M
M
M
M
N
N
Rd , op
op
2
Rd , ip
ip
Rd
+
|
|
.
|

\
|
+

Note: For CHS chords the in-plane moment term is squared

















2.4
(page 7)




2.4
(page 7)