Biotechnology: Biotechnology: A Science of Securing Future

Biotechnology is one of the fastest growing sectors in India and 5 Years. elsewhere. This emerging field is going to take a leap forward in the next

As per the report of NASSCOM, by 2010, biotech sector may earn upto biotechnologists in several fields such as Agriculture, Medicine, Environment, Bioinformatics, Industries, Food Processing Units,

rupee five million dollar having job opportunities for 15 lakhs qualified

Pharmaceuticals, Dairy and Veterinary, Biodiversity Conservation, Neuro Development in both Government and Private Sectors. - Science, Marine, Informatics, Teaching Training and Entrepreneurship

Modern science and technology along with research and discoveries are

comfortable journeys from one revolution to the other, where the their fusion has been creating wonders.

conventional technology blended with the new scientific discoveries and

Biotechnology undoubtedly holds great promise for the future. Genetic Engineering, Genomics, Bio - Composting, Bio - Medical engineering.

Biosensors and Bioinformatics etc, will be the hot topics decades to come. The importance of biotechnology was recognized after the establishment of National Bio - technology Board in 1982.

In 1986, the Government of India formed full - fledge department of Biotechnology (DBT) within the Ministry of Science and Technology. A number of Academic Institutions and Government Agencies such as the CSIR, ICAR, ICMR, DAE and DBT etc, are undertaking research

Stupendous strides have been made in making the earth a better. Biotechnological innovations have been used as the means to relegate precarious predicaments. and profoundly changes its face worldwide. identity and set up centers of excellence. place to live in. function and expression to serve the humanity and meet the growing demand of the millions. support R&D and manufacturing activities to meet the demands of future and growing population. Environmental Protection and non . The future of mankind depends on developing the basic and applied (bio) technology suited to the needs of humanity Biotechnology has provided a great opportunity for direct manipulation of gene structure. build up the requisite infrastructure.and development activities related to it. Applications of Agriculture. A wishful thinking has transformed itself to a glaring reality.conventional energy sources are of great significance. Biomass and Green Cover. Biotechnology in Human and Animal Health. through human interference. All basic economic needs can be fulfilled by application of Biotechnology as once imagined by the scientists. Globalization is leading to . Several policy initiatives have been taken to create excellent human resource base. The firmament of Biotechnology has broadened to envelope the entire earthlings in its fold. Advances in biotechnology have created a revolution in life sciences including genetics.

biotechnology R&D. under food biotech initiatives. recombinant vaccines and newer diagnostic tools are some of the possibilities. The development of vaccines for important diseases afflicting livestock and diagnostic kits for farm animal health care are among several activities in this sector. Handling humanly impossible Cloning and designer babies may become usual features in future.up . places. The chemicals we use products.biotechnology. The program includes development of immune . ologies for scale .diagnostics tools for diseases of silkworm and new races of silkworm Considerable efforts detection of pathogens. future medicines will be of biotech origin.mulberry silkworm races and the host (mulberry) plants. healthcare sector is one such with a large share of global The development of new generation drugs. the DBT has initiated a program in the genetic enhancement of mulberry and non . are being replaced by biochemical or other alternative biotech It will provide new ways of influencing raw material processing. Most of gene sequences have now become possible. their targeting. In the field of Seri . All the antibiotics come under biotech banner.control measures for major pests and have been put in to ensure food and nutritional security through of low cost nutrient foods have been standardized. bio .intense competition with consequent higher stress levels in work investment.

Understanding human genome With increased interests in natural. development has focused research into biological (botanic) or Biological and physical scientists come together and explore such exciting areas. biodegradable and / or recyclable materials. In human needs. Most drugs are chemicals and have limitations in Understanding the pathways and protein chemistry at the molecular would help us to predict the likelihood of diseases and improve disease diagnosis systems.The tissue culture industry caters to horticulture and floriculture interest in plants with potential in therapeutic benefits and commercial demands for herbal products in global markets. material. only helping managing the disease. physical and other scientists come . Biological. Agriculture biotech will give us plants that have disease resistance. biodegradable and / or recyclable organic materials. improved yields and stress tolerance. short. industries. Environmental biotechnology will help control pollution problem. level will bring in better treatment. except antibiotics. developments have focused research into biological or organic materials. The herbal medicine research has increased the level of With increased Interests in natural. biotechnology is destined to touch anything and everything of Biotechnology offers hope for solving many of the problems the world treatment. faces today. a concept of systems Biology.

To explore these. specialists in law. biochemistry and chemical engineering among many other. Biotechnology is interdisciplinary. It interfaces institutions. amongst the many social. IITs and other premier institutions across the with a number or other government departments. A single window - The DBT has a strong focus now on the R&D activities. It encourages Systems Biology that provides a common platform for applied areas of many fields of sciences such as chemistry.together and explore such exciting areas. prevent damage to human health and environment. offering flexible eligibility criteria at the entry level. food processing. Demand for a trained biotechnologist in these areas is high. ethical and legal Guidelines in line with this are strictly being followed / imposed to processing cell has been created in the DBT for speedy processing of approvals for bio . in collaboration with the University Grants Commission (UGC). With increased use of biotech products and genetically engineered organisms bio . . and other user agencies. one of the man concerns. agriculture. academic and R&D It supports Post Graduate Programs with focus on biotechnology in over 60 Universities. computer science and others as support system is highly desirable. has been issues. microbiology. having many branches of application in healthcare. environmental and industrial facets as discussed earlier.

others have India's major strength in biotechnology is its highly trained workforce. processes. there are doctoral and post-doctoral courses as well as regular short .Sc.resource .networked chain of Added to these. knowledge) dating back to thousands of Years. scientists. the next likely concern is where to groom oneself to match to such global requirements? Virtually every Indian university courses of biotech are offered at many centres of repute. In order to encourage researchers for R&D towards products and Genomics and Proteomics research. These put together are.term courses or training Programs for mid . To know more about top colleges offering M. there are over 150 modem biotech companies in India. major thrust being in In terms of global industrial growth. very formidable assets. is engaged in biotech research in some form or the other and various Today. biotech at present is referred as the sunrise sector. model.based industries.sahar. the treasure of our biological diversity and the very rich traditional knowledge base (the concept of ITK. very good infrastructure base with a well . The fruits of these efforts would hopefully become visible sooner or later. Biotechnology are given in the following website watch: http://www. these have pursued a product based . Now. DBT has instituted number of awards. a laboratories and clusters of bio .e indigenous technical by any standard. Some of adopted a service model in line with the IT sector.Also.

org/biotech/rep0100/ Res http://envis.iitm.pdf http://www.pdf .Research in Biotechnology:

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