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Biotechnology is one of the fastest growing sectors in India and 5 Years. elsewhere. This emerging field is going to take a leap forward in the next
As per the report of NASSCOM, by 2010, biotech sector may earn upto biotechnologists in several fields such as Agriculture, Medicine, Environment, Bioinformatics, Industries, Food Processing Units,
rupee five million dollar having job opportunities for 15 lakhs qualified
Pharmaceuticals, Dairy and Veterinary, Biodiversity Conservation, Neuro Development in both Government and Private Sectors. - Science, Marine, Informatics, Teaching Training and Entrepreneurship
Modern science and technology along with research and discoveries are
comfortable journeys from one revolution to the other, where the their fusion has been creating wonders.
conventional technology blended with the new scientific discoveries and
Biotechnology undoubtedly holds great promise for the future. Genetic Engineering, Genomics, Bio - Composting, Bio - Medical engineering.
Biosensors and Bioinformatics etc, will be the hot topics decades to come. The importance of biotechnology was recognized after the establishment of National Bio - technology Board in 1982.
In 1986, the Government of India formed full - fledge department of Biotechnology (DBT) within the Ministry of Science and Technology. A number of Academic Institutions and Government Agencies such as the CSIR, ICAR, ICMR, DAE and DBT etc, are undertaking research
Globalization is leading to . identity and set up centers of excellence.conventional energy sources are of great significance. Environmental Protection and non . Stupendous strides have been made in making the earth a better. The future of mankind depends on developing the basic and applied (bio) technology suited to the needs of humanity Biotechnology has provided a great opportunity for direct manipulation of gene structure. All basic economic needs can be fulfilled by application of Biotechnology as once imagined by the scientists.and development activities related to it. Biotechnology in Human and Animal Health. Biotechnological innovations have been used as the means to relegate precarious predicaments. build up the requisite infrastructure. through human interference. Advances in biotechnology have created a revolution in life sciences including genetics. support R&D and manufacturing activities to meet the demands of future and growing population. The firmament of Biotechnology has broadened to envelope the entire earthlings in its fold. Several policy initiatives have been taken to create excellent human resource base. Applications of Agriculture. Biomass and Green Cover. and profoundly changes its face worldwide. function and expression to serve the humanity and meet the growing demand of the millions. A wishful thinking has transformed itself to a glaring reality. place to live in.
Handling humanly impossible Cloning and designer babies may become usual features in future. The program includes development of immune . In the field of Seri . their targeting.biotechnology. places. Most of gene sequences have now become possible. the DBT has initiated a program in the genetic enhancement of mulberry and non . under food biotech initiatives. bio . healthcare sector is one such with a large share of global The development of new generation drugs. are being replaced by biochemical or other alternative biotech It will provide new ways of influencing raw material processing.mulberry silkworm races and the host (mulberry) plants. ologies for scale .up .control measures for major pests and have been put in to ensure food and nutritional security through of low cost nutrient foods have been standardized.intense competition with consequent higher stress levels in work investment.diagnostics tools for diseases of silkworm and new races of silkworm Considerable efforts detection of pathogens. recombinant vaccines and newer diagnostic tools are some of the possibilities. All the antibiotics come under biotech banner. future medicines will be of biotech origin. biotechnology R&D. The chemicals we use products. The development of vaccines for important diseases afflicting livestock and diagnostic kits for farm animal health care are among several activities in this sector.
biodegradable and / or recyclable materials. Biological. level will bring in better treatment. a concept of systems Biology. only helping managing the disease. biotechnology is destined to touch anything and everything of Biotechnology offers hope for solving many of the problems the world treatment. Most drugs are chemicals and have limitations in Understanding the pathways and protein chemistry at the molecular would help us to predict the likelihood of diseases and improve disease diagnosis systems. industries. Agriculture biotech will give us plants that have disease resistance. faces today. biodegradable and / or recyclable organic materials. In human needs. material. improved yields and stress tolerance. developments have focused research into biological or organic materials. except antibiotics. short.The tissue culture industry caters to horticulture and floriculture interest in plants with potential in therapeutic benefits and commercial demands for herbal products in global markets. Understanding human genome With increased interests in natural. physical and other scientists come . development has focused research into biological (botanic) or Biological and physical scientists come together and explore such exciting areas. The herbal medicine research has increased the level of With increased Interests in natural. Environmental biotechnology will help control pollution problem.
Biotechnology is interdisciplinary. having many branches of application in healthcare. engineering. biochemistry and chemical engineering among many other. . To explore these. one of the man concerns. food processing. amongst the many social. With increased use of biotech products and genetically engineered organisms bio . It encourages Systems Biology that provides a common platform for applied areas of many fields of sciences such as chemistry.safety has been issues. ethical and legal Guidelines in line with this are strictly being followed / imposed to processing cell has been created in the DBT for speedy processing of approvals for bio . microbiology. agriculture.safety. environmental and industrial facets as discussed earlier. specialists in law. A single window - The DBT has a strong focus now on the R&D activities. IITs and other premier institutions across the country. and other user agencies. Demand for a trained biotechnologist in these areas is high. academic and R&D It supports Post Graduate Programs with focus on biotechnology in over 60 Universities.together and explore such exciting areas. It interfaces institutions. with a number or other government departments. offering flexible eligibility criteria at the entry level. computer science and others as support system is highly desirable. in collaboration with the University Grants Commission (UGC). prevent damage to human health and environment.
knowledge) dating back to thousands of Years. there are doctoral and post-doctoral courses as well as regular short . the treasure of our biological diversity and the very rich traditional knowledge base (the concept of ITK. DBT has instituted number of awards.term courses or training Programs for mid . processes. Some of adopted a service model in line with the IT sector. i. The fruits of these efforts would hopefully become visible sooner or later.Sc. major thrust being in In terms of global industrial growth. biotech at present is referred as the sunrise sector. the next likely concern is where to groom oneself to match to such global requirements? Virtually every Indian university courses of biotech are offered at many centres of repute. is engaged in biotech research in some form or the other and various Today. Biotechnology are given in the following website watch: http://www.in/top_univ. these have pursued a product based business. Now.Also. In order to encourage researchers for R&D towards products and Genomics and Proteomics research. model.career scientists. very formidable assets.sahar.html .based industries.e indigenous technical by any standard. a laboratories and clusters of bio . there are over 150 modem biotech companies in India. very good infrastructure base with a well .networked chain of Added to these. To know more about top colleges offering M.resource . others have India's major strength in biotechnology is its highly trained workforce. These put together are.
biotech.html http://www.Research in Biotechnology: http://www.kuenvbiotech.ac.org/ http://www.iitm.in/faculty/research.pdf .org/Biotec Res India.in/ http://envis.brsi.pdf http://www.org/biotech/rep0100/sharma.cgiar.blal.
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