User’s Manual Wireless Broadband Router Model No.

: SP916GK

http://www.micronet.info

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Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Introduction................................................................................. 1 1.1 Package Contents .......................................................................................... 1 1.2 Key Features ................................................................................................. 1 1.3 Minimum Requirements ............................................................................... 2 1.4 Specifications ................................................................................................ 2 Chapter 2 Physical Description .................................................................. 3 2.1 Back Panel..................................................................................................... 3 2.2 Front Panel .................................................................................................... 3 2.3 Hardware Setup............................................................................................. 4 Chapter 3 Basic Configuration ................................................................... 5 3.1 Configuring IP Addresses ............................................................................. 5 3.2 Accessing Web-Based User Interface......................................................... 10 Chapter 4 Web-Based User Interface ....................................................... 12 4.1 Quick Setup Wizard.................................................................................... 12 4.2 General Settings .......................................................................................... 21 4.3 System......................................................................................................... 23
4.3.1 Time Zone ........................................................................................................23 4.3.2 Password Setting ............................................................................................24 4.3.3 Remote Management .....................................................................................25

4.4 WAN ........................................................................................................... 26
4.4.1 DNS ...................................................................................................................27 4.4.2 DDNS ................................................................................................................28

4.5 LAN ............................................................................................................ 29 4.6 Wireless....................................................................................................... 30
4.6.1 Basic Settings ..................................................................................................31 4.6.2 Advanced Settings ..........................................................................................35 4.6.3 Security Settings..............................................................................................37 4.6.4 Access Control.................................................................................................42

4.7 QoS.............................................................................................................. 43

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4.7.1 Edit QoS Rule ..................................................................................................44

4.8 NAT ............................................................................................................ 45
4.8.1 Port Forwarding ...............................................................................................47 4.8.2 Virtual Server ...................................................................................................48 4.8.3 Special Applications........................................................................................49 4.8.4 UPnP Settings..................................................................................................51 4.8.5 ALG Settings ....................................................................................................52 4.8.6 Static Routing...................................................................................................53

4.9 Firewall ....................................................................................................... 54
4.9.1 Access Control.................................................................................................55 4.9.2 URL Blocking ...................................................................................................57 4.9.3 DoS....................................................................................................................58 4.9.4 DMZ ...................................................................................................................59

4.10 Status ......................................................................................................... 60
4.10.1 Status and Information ...................................................................................61 4.10.2 Internet Connection.........................................................................................62 4.10.3 Device Status ...................................................................................................63 4.10.4 System Log ......................................................................................................64 4.10.5 Security Log .....................................................................................................65 4.10.6 Active DHCP Client .........................................................................................66 4.10.7 Statistics............................................................................................................67

4.11 Tool............................................................................................................ 68
4.11.1 Configuration Tools .........................................................................................69 4.11.2 Firmware Upgrade ..........................................................................................70 4.11.3 Reset .................................................................................................................71

Chapter 5 Appendix ................................................................................... 72 5.1 Manually find PC’s IP and MAC Address ................................................. 72 Chapter 6 Glossary .................................................................................... 73

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Before installation. it provides advanced firewall function and NAT to protect whole LAN from outside attack. Wireless Broadband Router.11g/b wireless standards High Internet Access throughput (50M) Allow multiple users to share a single Internet line Support up to 253 users Internet Access via Cable or xDSL modem Access Private LAN Servers from the Public Network Equipped with 4 x LAN ports (10/100M) and 1 x WAN port (10/100M) Supports DHCP (Server/Client) for easy setup 1 .2 Key Features Compliant with IEEE 802. This Wireless Broadband Router is a cost-effective IP Sharing Router that enables multiple users to share the internet service through an ADSL or cable modem. is compatible with IEEE 802. In addition.1 Package Contents Prior to the installation of the device. please read the following procedures carefully. 1. please verify the following items are in the package: SP916GK Wireless Broadband Router Quick Installation Guide Manual CD Accessories Power Adapter 1.11g standard and supports data transfer rate up to 54 Mbps. This user guide is aimed at easy installation procedures of this device.Chapter 1 Introduction Micronet SP916GK.

Allow users to monitor the router’s status such as: DHCP Client Log.0 or higher.5/2/1Mbps auto fallback WAN Port: 1 x Port 10/100Mbps UTP LAN Ports: 4 x Port 10/100Mbps UTP Detachable dipole antenna (R-SMA connector) 18dBm (Typical) DHCP Server & Client DMZ Virtual Servers Access Control QoS WEP (64/128 bit) WPA & WPA2 WPA RADIUS IEEE 802. Remote Management allows configuration and upgrades from a remote site (via Internet).7 or higher) 1.4 Standards Data Rate Interface Antenna Specifications IEEE802. Security Log and Device/Connection Status.11b/ 802. CE Transmit Power DHCP Advance Features Security Features Status Log Management Power Humidity Temperature Dimension Certification 2 .3 Minimum Requirements One External xDSL (ADSL) or Cable modem with an Ethernet port (RJ-45) Network Interface Card (NIC) for each Personal Computer (PC) PCs with a Web-Browser (Internet Explorer 4. 1A 10% . Access Control and Firewall. Netscape Navigator 4.11x DHCP Client Log System Log Security Log Device/Connection Status Web-based Interface 12VDC.Support advance features such as: Special Applications. Easy to use Web-based GUI for configuration and management.11g 54/48/36/24/18/12/11/5. 1. System Log. Virtual Servers. DMZ.90% (Non-condensing) 32~122 °F (0 ~ 50°C) 174 x 122 x 32 mm FCC.

and press the button for less than 4 seconds to restart device with the same settings.Chapter 2 Physical Description 2.2 Front Panel LED PWR WAN 10/100M Light Status ON ON Description Router’s power supply is on WAN port 100Mbps is connected 3 . printer servers. WAN Reset 2. Press and hold <Reset> button for longer than 4 seconds to revert all settings back to factory default. hubs and switches etc. The WAN port is the segment connected to user’s xDSL or Cable modem and is linked to the Internet.1 Back Panel Parameter LAN Description The Broadband router’s 4 LAN ports are where users can connect LAN’s PCs.

4 . Connect the xDSL / cable modem to the WAN port of router by Ethernet cable.3 Hardware Setup Attach the AC adapter to the ‘Power’ socket of the router and wall socket.OFF ON WAN LNK/ACT OFF Flashing LAN 10/100M (Port 1-4) ON OFF ON LAN LNK/ACT (Port 1-4) OFF Flashing ON WLAN-G OFF Flashing WAN port 10Mbps is connected WAN is connected No WAN connection WAN port has Activity (ACT) and data is being sent LAN port speed is 100Mbps LAN port speed is 10Mbps LAN is connected No LAN connection LAN port has Activity (ACT) and data is being sent Wireless LAN has been activated Wireless LAN is disabled Wireless LAN port has Activity (ACT) and data is being sent 2. Press and hold <Reset> button for longer than 4 seconds to revert all settings back to factory default. Connect all computers and network devices to the LAN port (1~4) of the router. and press the button for less than 4 seconds to restart device with the same settings.

After installing TCP/IP. 5 . select <Microsoft> and <TCP/IP> then click the <OK> button to start installing the TCP/IP protocol. If TCP/IP is not installed. c) Windows 2000 and d) Windows NT.Chapter 3 Basic Configuration This is a step-by-step instruction on how to start using the router and get connected to the Internet. Check each of the tabs and verify the following settings: 7. This section will provide a tutorial on configuring the PC so that it can obtain an IP address automatically for either Windows 95/98/Me. b) Windows XP. 3. Sun. Select <TCP/IP> from the list of Network Components and then click the <Properties> button. 4.1 Configuring IP Addresses By default the broadband router’s DHCP is enabled. In the Network Component Type dialog box. go back to the Network dialog box. 2. The following is a step-by-step illustration on how to configure your PC to obtain an IP address automatically for a) Windows 95/98/Me. All LAN clients require an IP address. 6. click the <Add> button to install it. 2. 2000 or NT operating systems. The Network window will appear. 1. go to step 6. If TCP/IP is installed. a) Windows 95/98/Me 1. select <Protocol> and click <Add> button. Windows CD may be needed to complete the installation. Check the list of Network Components. then click <Control Panel>. In the Select Network Protocol dialog box. 5. 3. Click the Start button and select <Settings>.3). The Control Panel window will appear.). etc. follow the manufacturer’s instructions. Double-click on <Network> icon. User needs to set the LAN PC clients so that it can obtain an IP address automatically. which means the LAN devices can obtain an IP address automatically once it is configured to obtain an IP address automatically. Setup the network as shown in the hardware setup diagram (Section 2. For other operating systems (Macintosh.

4. Select it and click the <Properties> button. 10. In the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties window. Gateway: All fields are blank. Check the list of Network Components. Please make sure that the Broadband router’s DHCP server is the only DHCP server available on the LAN network. IP Address: Select Obtain IP address automatically. b) Windows XP 1. Reboot the PC. 6 .Bindings: Check Client for Microsoft Networks and File and printer sharing for Microsoft Networks. 3. Proceed to Web-based User Interface once IP address is correctly configured. 9. select <Obtain an IP address automatically> and <Obtain DNS server address automatically> as shown on the following screen. WINS Configuration: Select Disable WINS Resolution. 8. DNS Configuration: Select Disable DNS. 2. Double-click <Local Area Connection> icon. Click the <Start> button and select <Settings>. then click <Network Connections>. The Local Area Connection window will appear. PC will now obtain an IP address automatically from the Broadband Router’s DHCP server. The Network connections window will appear. Users should see Internet Protocol [TCP/IP] on the list.

Select it and click the <Properties> button. 6. The Local Area Connection window will appear. Users should see Internet Protocol [TCP/IP] on the list. click the <Properties> button. In the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties window. The Control Panel window will appear. Check the list of Network Components. 5. 7 . double-click on <Local Area Connection> icon. In the Local Area Connection window. 2. Click <OK> to confirm the setting. Click the <Start> button and select <Settings>. then click <Control Panel>.5. Proceed to Web-based User Interface once IP address is correctly configured. select <Obtain an IP address automatically> and <Obtain DNS server address automatically> as shown on the following screen. Double-click <Network and Dial-up Connections> icon. c) Windows 2000 1. 3. Please make sure that the Broadband router’s DHCP server is the only DHCP server available on the LAN network. PC will now obtain an IP address automatically from the Broadband Router’s DHCP server. 4. 7. In the Network and Dial-up Connection window.

5. DNS: Let all fields are blank. 7. 3. Click <OK> to confirm the setting. go back to the Network window. If TCP/IP is not installed. In the Select Network Protocol window. If TCP/IP is installed. Windows CD may be needed to complete the installation. The Control Panel window will appear. 6. Click the <Start> button and select Settings. click the <Add> button to install. d) Windows NT 1. Select the <Protocol> tab from the Network window. 8. Check each of the tabs and verify the following settings: IP Address: Select Obtain an IP address from a DHCP server. go to step 5. After installing TCP/IP. Double-click <Network> icon. select the <TCP/IP Protocol> and click the <OK> button to start installing the TCP/IP protocol. Proceed to Web-based User Interface once IP address is correctly configured. 2. The PC will now obtain an IP address automatically from the Broadband Router’s DHCP server. Check the TCP/IP Protocol is on the list of Network Protocols. Select <TCP/IP> from the list of Network Protocols and then click the <Properties> button. 4. 8 . Please make sure that the Broadband router’s DHCP server is the only DHCP server available on the LAN network. then click <Control Panel>.6. The Network window will appear.

7. 9 .WINS: Let all fields are blank. Click <OK> to confirm the setting. 9. 8. Proceed to Web-based User Interface once IP address is correctly configured. The PC will now obtain an IP address automatically from the Broadband Router’s DHCP server. Please make sure that the Broadband router’s DHCP server is the only DHCP server available on the LAN network. Routing: Let all fields are blank.

see Appendix.168. 1.1 (broadband router’s IP address) into the web browser and press <Enter>.2. the router’s DHCP server will automatically give LAN clients an IP address. 10 . By default the user name is “admin” and the password is “1234”. 3. Once the PC has obtained an IP address from the router. The HOME page screen will appear. Please make sure that the Broadband router’s DHCP server is the only DHCP server available on the LAN network. The Home Page is divided into four sections. 2. To see if the network device has obtained an IP address.2 Accessing Web-Based User Interface Once PCs are configured to obtain an IP address automatically. By default the Broadband Router’s DHCP server is enabled so that you can obtain an IP address automatically. Status Information and Tools. Quick Setup Wizard. General Setup.3. If there is another DHCP on the network. Enter the “User Name” and “Password” and then click <OK> to login. enter the default IP address 192. then it is necessary to switch one of the DHCP servers off. The login screen below will appear.

Hacker Attack Prevention. 11 . Access Control. Configuration tools allow users to backup. In this section. Click on <Quick Setup Wizard> start configuring settings required by the ISP so that users can start accessing the Internet.Parameter Quick Setup Wizard General Setup Description Select the Internet connection type and then input the configurations needed to connect to the Internet Service Provider (ISP). The Firmware Upgrade allows user to upgrade the broadband router's firmware. Status Information Tools Logout 4. Virtual Server. Status Information and Tools) do not need to be configured unless users wish to implement/monitor more advance features/information. The RESET tool allows user to reset the broadband router. This section contains configurations for the Broadband router’s advance functions such as: Address Mapping. or restore to Factory Default for the broadband router. Selecting logout will return the user to the LOGIN page. The other sections (General Setup. Firmware upgrade and Reset. Special applications and other functions to meet the LAN requirements. System Log. Device Status. Security Log and DHCP client information. restore. users can see the Broadband router's system information. Internet Connection. This section contains the broadband router’s tool set: Configuration tools. DMZ.

Once user clicks on the <Quick Setup Wizard> in the HOME page. Step 1: Time Zone The Time Zone allows router to base its time on the settings configured in this section. This will affect functions such as Log entries and Firewall settings. In the Quick Setup. the following screen will appear. users are required to fill in only the information necessary to access the Internet.1 Quick Setup Wizard The Quick Setup section is designed to get the broadband router running as quickly as possible. 12 .Chapter 4 Web-Based User Interface 4.

Click on <NEXT> to proceed to the next page: Broadband Type. The router can also take Daylight savings into account. The router will set its time based on user’s selection. Select the period in which to start the daylight savings time. Select the period in which to end the daylight savings time. tick the enable box to initiate daylight saving configuration. 13 . Step 2 Broadband Type In this section users have to select one of four types of connections that it will be using to connect to broadband router WAN port to the ISP (see screen below). If users wish to use this function. please check with the ISP as to the type of connection it requires. Users can manually assign time server address if the default time server is not functioning. Different ISPs require different methods of connecting to the Internet.Parameter Set Time Zone Time Server Address Enable Daylight Savings Start Daylight Savings Time End Daylight Savings Time Description Select the time zone for the country where the user resides.

Step 2. ISP requires using a Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP) connection. ISP requires using a Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet (PPPoE) connection.1 Cable Modem Choose Cable Modem if ISP will automatically provide an IP address.Parameter Cable Modem Fixed-IP xDSL PPPoE PPTP L2TP Telstra Big Pond Description ISP will automatically provide an IP address. 14 . ISP requires using a Layer Two Tunneling Protocol (L2TP) connection. Click on one of the WAN type and then proceed to the manual’s relevant sub-section. ISP has given users an IP address already. Click on <Back> to return to the previous screen. Some ISP’s may also require users fill in additional information such as Host Name and MAC address (see screen below). The Host Name and MAC address section is optional and users can skip this section if the ISP does not require these settings for Internet connection. This Protocol only used for Australia’s ISP connection.

ISP’s DNS server IP address. Click <OK> to complete the Quick Setup Wizard and start using the broadband router. 15 .0). otherwise leave it blank. type in the host name provided by the ISP. Parameter IP Gateway IP DNS Subnet Mask Description IP address provided by ISP.Parameter Host Name Description If the ISP requires a Host Name. ISP’s IP address gateway.255.255. ISP may require a particular MAC address in order for users to connect to the Internet. Type in this MAC address in this section or use the “Clone MAC Address” button to replace the WAN MAC address with the MAC address of that PC. Step 2.g. Enter the Subnet Mask provided by the ISP (e. 255. This MAC address is the PC’s MAC address that the ISP had originally used to connect to the Internet. MAC Address Click <OK> to complete the Quick Setup Wizard and start using the broadband router. The ISP should provide all the information required in this section.2 Fixed-IP xDSL Select Fixed-IP xDSL if the ISP has given user a specific IP address.

The ISP should provide all the information required in this section. If the WAN line breaks down and links again. The router will close the WAN connection if the idle time period exceeds the “Idle Time”.Step 2. the routers will auto-reconnect to the ISP. This is optional. The WAN connection will not disconnect due to the idle timeout.3 PPPoE Select PPPoE if the ISP requires the PPPoE protocol to connect to the Internet. Leave it blank if users do not wish to set a maximum packet size. Parameter Username Password Service Name MTU Description Enter the username provided by the ISP for the PPPoE connection. If users select “Connect on Demand”. the router will not auto-connect to the ISP. Enter the Service name should the ISP requires it. If users select “Manual”. If you select “Continuous”. the router will autoconnect to the ISP when someone wants to use the Internet and keep connected until the WAN idle timeout. Users can specify the maximum size of the transmission packet to the Internet. the router will always connect to the ISP. This is optional. otherwise leave it blank. the router will connect to ISP only when click “Connect” manually from the Web user interface. Enter the password provided by the ISP for the PPPoE connection. Connection Type 16 . If the WAN line breaks down and links again.

computer virus or hacker attacks from the Internet.255. Click <OK> to complete the Quick Setup Wizard and start using the broadband router. The ISP should provide all the information required in this section.0). the router will automatically disconnect the connection with the ISP.g. 255. Step 2.Idle Time Users can specify an idle time threshold (minutes) for the WAN port.255.4 PPTP Select PPTP if the ISP requires the PPTP protocol to connect to the Internet. This is the IP address that the ISP has given to user to establish a PPTP connection. This “idle timeout” function may not work due to abnormal activities of some network application software. The ISP gives user a static IP to be used to connect to the PPTP server. Enter the IP address of the ISP Gateway 17 . This means if no packets have been sent during the specified period. Enter the Subnet Mask provided by the ISP (e. Parameter Obtain an IP address Automatically Use the following IP address IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Description The ISP requires user to obtain an IP address by DHCP before connecting to the PPTP server.

The WAN connection will not disconnect due to the idle timeout. If users do not have a PPTP gateway then enter the ISP’s Gateway IP address above. If the WAN line breaks down and links again. the router will automatically disconnect the connection with the ISP. the router will connect to ISP only when click “Connect” manually from the Web user interface. This means if no packets have been sent during the specified period. Users can specify an idle time threshold (minutes) for the WAN port. then enter that PPTP gateway IP address here. the router will not auto-connect to the ISP. 18 . This is the ID given by ISP. Sometimes called a Connection ID. If you select “Continuous”. computer virus or hacker attacks from the Internet. If the WAN line breaks down and links again. the routers will auto-reconnect to the ISP. The router will close the WAN connection if the idle time period exceeds the “Idle Time”. the router will always connect to the ISP. If users select “Manual”. If users select “Connect on Demand”. Enter the Password provided by the ISP for the PPTP connection. This is optional. the router will autoconnect to the ISP when someone wants to use the Internet and keep connected until the WAN idle timeout. Connection Type Idle Time Click <OK> to complete the Quick Setup Wizard and start using the broadband router.User ID Password PPTP Gateway Connection ID BEZEQ-ISRAEL Enter the Username provided by the ISP for the PPTP connection. If the LAN has a PPTP gateway. This “idle timeout” function may not work due to abnormal activities of some network application software. Select this item if users are using the service provided by BEZEQ in Israel.

255. If users do not have a L2TP gateway then enter the ISP’s Gateway IP address above. This is the IP address that the ISP has given to users to establish a L2TP connection. 19 . Enter the Password provided by the ISP for the L2TP connection. Enter the Subnet Mask provided by the ISP (e. then enter that L2TP gateway IP address here. The ISP may require a particular MAC address in order for users to connect to the Internet. The ISP should provide all the information required in this section.Step 2. Enter the IP address of the ISP Gateway Enter the Username provided by the ISP for the L2TP connection.0).g. The ISP gives user a static IP to be used to connect to the L2TP server. If the LAN has a L2TP gateway. Sometimes called a Connection ID.255.5 L2TP Select L2TP if the ISP requires the L2TP protocol to connect to the Internet. Type in this MAC address in this section or use the "Clone MAC Address" button to replace the WAN MAC address with the MAC address of that PC. 255. Parameter Obtain an IP address Automatically MAC Address Use the following IP address IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway User ID Password L2TP Gateway Description The ISP requires user to obtain an IP address by DHCP before connecting to the L2TP server.

This means if no packets have been sent during the specified period. computer virus or hacker attacks from the Internet.MTU Connection Type Idle Time This is optional. Step 2. the router will autoconnect to the ISP when someone wants to use the Internet and keep connected until the WAN idle timeout. Users can specify the maximum size of the transmission packet to the Internet. If the WAN line breaks down and links again. If users select “Manual”. If you select “Continuous”. This “idle timeout” function may not work due to abnormal activities of some network application software. the router will always connect to the ISP. If the WAN line breaks down and links again. 20 . The router will close the WAN connection if the idle time period exceeds the “Idle Time”. the router will automatically disconnect the connection with the ISP. the router will not auto-connect to the ISP. the router will connect to ISP only when click “Connect” manually from the Web user interface. Users can specify an idle time threshold (minutes) for the WAN port. The WAN connection will not disconnect due to the idle timeout. Click <OK> to complete the Quick Setup Wizard and start using the broadband router. Leave it blank if users do not wish to set a maximum packet size. the routers will auto-reconnect to the ISP. Telstra Big Pond protocol is used by the ISP in Australia. If users select “Connect on Demand”. The ISP should provide all the information required in this section.6 Telstra Big Pond Select Telstra Big Pond if the ISP requires the Telstra Big Pond protocol to connect to the Internet.

it is not necessary to configure anything in the ‘General Setup’ screen for Internet connection. Click <OK> to complete the Quick Setup Wizard and start using the broadband router. Hacker Attack Prevention.Parameter Username Password User Decide Login Server Manually Login Server Description Enter the username provided by the ISP for the Telstra Big Pond connection. 21 . 4. Access Control. Virtual Server. DMZ and other functions. The ‘General Setup’ contains advanced features that allow the router to meet network’s needs such as: Wireless. the browser will load the interface below. Select if users want to assign the IP of Telstra Big Pond’s login server manually. Enter the password provided by the ISP for the Telstra Big Pond connection.2 General Settings Once users click on the <General Setup> button at the Home Page. If users have already configured the Quick Setup Wizard. The IP address of the login server. Special Applications. Address Mapping.

Users can specify the LAN segment’s IP address. This allows user to specify what user/packet can pass the router’s NAT. Virtual Server and Special Applications functions in this section. Click on one of the ‘General Setup’ selections and then proceed to the manual’s relevant sub-section. Users can configure the Address Mapping. Users can setup the QoS bandwidth control policy. The Firewall section allows user to configure Access Control. 22 . subnet Mask. enable/disable DHCP and an IP range for the LAN. Hacker Prevention and DMZ. Users can setup the following wireless information: LAN’s SSID. WEP key and MAC filtering.Parameter System WAN LAN Wireless QoS NAT Firewall Description This section allows user to set the following system configuration: Time Zone. This section allows user to select the connection method in order to establish a connection with the ISP. Password and Remote Management Administrator.

3. 4. 23 . Select the period in which to start the daylight savings time.43. Users can manually assign time server address if the default time server is not functioning.3 System This section allows user to set the following system configuration: Time Zone.4. The router will set its time based on user’s selection. If users wish to use this function. This will affect functions such as Log entries and Firewall settings.244.18 The router can also take Daylight savings into account. Password and Remote Management Administrator. Default: 192. tick the enable box to initiate daylight saving configuration.1 Time Zone The Time Zone allows router to base its time on the settings configured in this section. Parameter Set Time Zone Time Server Address Enable Daylight Savings Start Daylight Savings Time Description Select the time zone for the country where the user resides.

it will be necessary to reset the router to the factory default (No password) with the reset button (see router’s back panel). 4. and are case sensitive. and store it in a safe place. By default. Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. there is no password.2 Password Setting Users can change the password for logging into the broadband router's system webbased management. If users forget the password. Passwords can contain 0 to 12 alphanumeric characters. Default: no password Enter the new password.3. Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. So please assign a password to the Administrator as soon as possible. 24 .End Daylight Savings Time Select the period in which to end the daylight savings time. Enter the new password again for verification purposes. Parameter Current Password New Password Confirmed Password Description Enter user’s current password for the remote management administrator to login to your Broadband router.

0.0.1:8080).0.4. 10. If the Host Address is left 0.3 Remote Management The remote management function allows user to designate a host in the Internet with the ability to configure the router from a remote site.0.g.0. Users also need to know the password set in the Password Setting screen in order to access the router’s web-based management. it is necessary to enter the router’s WAN IP address (e. 10. Enter the designated host IP Address in the Host IP Address field. Parameter Description This is the IP address of the host in the Internet that will have management/configuration access to the Broadband router from a remote site.3. it would mean anyone can access the router’s web-based configuration from a remote location.g. provided password is known. then it will be able to configure this router remotely. 25 . Host Address Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. When users want to access the web-based management from a remote site.0. This means if users are at home and the home IP address has been designated the Remote Management host IP address for this router (located in your company office).1) into your web-browser followed by port number 8080 (e.0.

ISP has given user an IP address already.4 WAN Use the WAN Settings screen if users have already configured the Quick Setup Wizard section and would like to change Internet connection type. DNS and DDNS. ISP requires using a Layer Two Tunneling Protocol (L2TP) connection.1 “PPPoE” for detail information. Follow section 4. ISP requires using a Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP) connection. Parameter Dynamic IP address Description ISP will automatically give user an IP address. PPPoE. Static IP address Follow section 4.4. Follow section 4.1 “PPTP” for detail information. The WAN Settings screen allows user to specify the type of WAN port connection to establish with the ISP. PPTP. The WAN settings offer the following selections: Dynamic IP. Telstra Big Pond. PPPoE PPTP L2TP 26 . L2TP.1 “Cable Modem” for detail information. Static IP Address. ISP requires using a Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet (PPPoE) connection. Follow section 4.1 “Fixed IP” for detail information.

a DNS server will find that name in its index and the matching IP address. such as www. If the Service Provider connects the user to the Internet with dynamic IP settings. DNS DDNS Users can specify a DNS server. Click <More Configuration> at the bottom of the screen and proceed to the manual’s relevant sub-section. 27 . Users can specify a DDNS server and configure the username and password provided by the DDNS service provider.This Protocol only used for Australia’s ISP connection. it is necessary to specify the IP address of that DNS server in this section.1 DNS A Domain Name System (DNS) server is like an index of IP addresses and Web addresses.4. 4. if there is a DNS server that the user would rather use.com. it is likely that the DNS server IP address is provided automatically. Most ISPs provide a DNS server for speed and convenience. If users type a Web address into the browser.router. However. Telstra Big Pond Follow section 4.1 “Telstra Big Pond” for detail information.

Default: ‘Disable’ Select a DDNS service provider. This router supports DynDNS. Users can enter another DNS server’s IP address as a backup. Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. The secondary DNS will be used should the primary DNS fail.Parameter Domain Name Server (DNS) Server Secondary DNS Address (optional) Description This is the DNS server IP address provided by ISP. 4. Parameter Enable/Disable Provider Domain name Description Enable or Disable the DDNS function of this router. Users must get an account. 28 .4. password and static domain name from the DDNS service providers.2 DDNS DDNS allows user to map the static domain name to a dynamic IP address. This is optional. Users can specify preferred DNS server IP address. User’s static domain name that use DDNS. TZO and other common DDNS service providers.

The password set for the DDNS service account above.1 Specify a Subnet Mask for the LAN segment.5 LAN The LAN Port allows user to specify a private IP address for the router’s LAN ports as well as a subnet mask for the LAN segment. Default: ‘Disable’ 802. Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations.1d Spanning Tree 29 . this router will use the spanning tree protocol to prevent from network loop happening in the LAN ports. 4. IP Subnet Mask Default: 255.2.0 If 802.255.168.255. Default: 192.Account/E-mail Password/Key The account that the DDNS service provider assigned to user.1d Spanning Tree function is enabled. Parameter IP address Description This is the router’s LAN port IP address (LAN clients default gateway IP address).

Default: Start IP: 192.DHCP Server Users can enable or disable the DHCP server. By default the IP range is from: Start IP 192.100 End IP: 192.11b or 801.2. the router will automatically give LAN clients an IP address.100 to End IP 192.2. 4.168. Make sure the LAN Client is in the same subnet as this broadband router for the router to be your LAN client’s default gateway. The DHCP will change the LAN client’s IP address when this time threshold period is reached.168.11g wireless network adaptor connect to the Intranet.168.199.6 Wireless Wireless Access Point builds a wireless LAN and can let all PCs equipped with IEEE 802. 30 . users can specify the time period that the DHCP lends an IP address to the LAN clients.168. By enabling the DHCP server.2. Default: ‘Enable’ The DHCP when enabled will temporarily give the LAN clients an IP address. Lease Time IP Address Pool Domain Name Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. Users can select a particular IP address range for the DHCP server to issue IP addresses to LAN Clients.2. If users want the PC to have a static/fixed IP address then it is necessary to choose an IP address outside this IP address Pool. In the Lease Time setting. It supports WEP and WPA2 encryption to enhance the security of the wireless network.199 Users can specify a Domain Name for the LAN network. If the DHCP is not enabled then users will have to manually set the LAN client’s IP addresses.

Channel Number and Associated Client. ESSID. Mode: AP 31 .1 Basic Settings Users can set parameters that are used for the wireless stations to connect to this router.Parameter Enable or Disable Wireless Module Function Description Users can select to enable or disable the wireless connection of this device. Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations.6. The parameters include Mode. 4.

Mode: Station-Ad Hoc Mode: Station-Infrastructure 32 .

Mode: AP Bridge-Point to Point Mode: AP Bridge-Point to Multi-Point 33 .

All the devices in the same wireless LAN should have the same ESSID.11b and 802.11g connection automatically. Users also can select B+G mode to allow the AP to select between 802. This is the name of the wireless LAN. All devices in the same wireless LAN should use the same channel.11b or 802.11g mode. Default: ‘default’ The channel used by the wireless LAN. It allows user to set the AP to be fixed at 802.Mode: AP Bridge-WDS Parameter Mode Band Description It allows user to set the following mode: AP. Click on the <Clone MAC> button to copy the MAC address of the current PC used to configure the AP to be the WLAN MAC. Users can see the status of all active wireless stations that are connecting to the access point. Bridge or WDS mode. ESSID Channel Number Associated Clients WLAN MAC Clone MAC 34 . for an “Active Wireless Client Table” to pop up. This is the MAC address used by the Wireless interface of this AP when it is in station modes. Default: ‘11’ Click <Show Active Clients> button. Station.

Avoid changing these parameters unless the effect of the changes will have on this router is known. it is necessary to set this access point in the following modes: “AP Bridge-Point to Point mode”.MAC address Set Security If users want to bridge more than one network together with wireless LAN. Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. Click the <Set Security> button for “WDS Security Settings” window to pop up. 35 .6. Users can set the security parameters used to bridge access points together when the AP is in AP Bridge modes. 4. Users have to enter the MAC addresses of other access points that join the bridging work.2 Advanced Settings Users can set advanced wireless LAN parameters for this router. “AP Bridge-Point to Multi-Point mode” or “AP Bridge-WDS mode”.

users should also setup WEP key in the "Encryption" page. 36 . When you select "Shared Key". Wireless stations should use WEP encryption in the authentication phase to associate with this wireless router. If users are building a public wireless network. This is also called CTS Protection. the wireless router will not use the RTS/CTS mechanism to send this packet.11b and 802.11g Protection Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. The interval of time that this wireless router broadcast a beacon. the throughput of the AP will be a little lower due to many of frame traffic should be transmitted. When the protection mode is enabled. Beacon is used to synchronize the wireless network. The access point will use the highest possible selected transmission rate to transmit the data packets. If “Broadcast ESSID” is enabled. it will allow wireless station roaming between IAPP enabled access points within the same wireless LAN. the wireless client can associate with this wireless router by using any one of these two authentication types. It is recommended to enable the protection mechanism.11g wireless stations. If users set this value too low. it will result in bad performance. enabling this feature is recommended. If "Auto" is selected. wireless stations can associate with this wireless router without WEP encryption. If users enable “IAPP”.Parameter Description When users select "Open System". "Fragment Threshold" specifies the maximum size of packet during the fragmentation of data to be transmitted. The “Data Rate” is the rate this access point uses to transmit data packets. Authentication Type Fragment Threshold RTS Threshold Beacon Interval Data Rate Preamble Type Broadcast ESSID IAPP 802. while the “Short Preamble” can provide better wireless LAN performance. This mechanism can decrease the rate of data collision between 802. When the packet size is smaller the RTS threshold. Disabling “Broadcast ESSID” can provide better security. every wireless station located within the coverage of this access point can discover this access point easily. The “Long Preamble” can provide better wireless LAN compatibility.

Parameter Key Length Description Users can select the WEP key length for encryption. Only the key selected in the "Default key" will take effect. it is necessary to enter WEP keys to encrypt data.1 WEP only When users select 64-bit or128-bit WEP key. Default Key 37 .6. Default: 64-bit Select one of the four keys to encrypt the data. IEEE 802. 4.6.4.3 Security Settings This Access Point provides complete wireless LAN security functions.11x. users can prevent the wireless LAN from unauthorized access. Please make sure the wireless stations use the same security function. With these security functions.11x with WEP. including WEP. but the throughput will be lower.3. WPA with pre-shared key and WPA with RADIUS. IEEE 802. Enter four WEP keys and select one of them as default key and the router can receive any packets encrypted by one of these four keys. Larger WEP key length will provide higher level of security. 64-bit or 128-bit.

1x only IEEE 802.Key 4 64-bit WEP: input 10-digit Hex values (in the "A-F".2 802. "a-f" and "0-9" range) or 5-digit ASCII character as the encryption keys. Fill the text box by following the rules below. Parameter RADIUS Server IP address RADIUS Server Port RADIUS Server Password Description The IP address of external RADIUS server.6. Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. The authentication is processed by a RADIUS server. The password used by external RADIUS server. 128-bit WEP: input 26-digit Hex values (in the "A-F". Key 1 .1x is an authentication protocol and every user must use a valid account to login before accessing the wireless LAN. 4.The WEP keys are used to encrypt data transmitted in the wireless network. 38 . The service port of the external RADIUS server.3. This mode only authenticates user by IEEE 802. "a-f" and "0-9" range) or 13-digit ASCII characters as the encryption keys. but it does not encrypt the data during communication. Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations.1x.

Refer to relevant sections for WEP and 802. The authentication is processed by a RADIUS server.3 802.1x WEP Static key IEEE 802.1x configurations.1x is an authentication protocol and every user must use a valid account to login before accessing the wireless LAN. 39 . Users can use a preshared key to authenticate wireless stations and encrypt data during communication. This mode also uses WEP to encrypt the data during communication. It uses TKIP or CCMP (AES) to change the encryption key frequently.3. 4.4 WPA Pre-shared key Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is an advanced security standard.6.6.3. So the encryption key is not easy to be broken by hackers.4.

AES can provide high level encryption to enhance the wireless LAN security. This use CCMP protocol to change encryption key frequently. Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. Fill in the text box by following the rules below. This will use TKIP or AES based on the other communication peer automatically. 40 .Parameter WPA(TKIP) WPA2(AES) WPA2 Mixed Description TKIP can change the encryption key frequently to enhance the wireless LAN security. Pre-shared Key Format Pre-shared Key Hex WEP: input 64-digit Hex values (in the “A-F”. Users may select to a pass phrase (alphanumeric format) or Hexadecimal Digits (in the “A-F”. For example: Pass phrase: iamguest Hexadecimal Digits: 12345abcde The Pre-shared key is used to authenticate and encrypt data transmitted in the wireless network. “a-f” and “0-9” range) or at least 8 character pass phrase as the pre-shared keys. “a-f” and “0-9” range) to be the Pre-shared Key.

5 WPA Radius Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is an advanced security standard. Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. This use CCMP protocol to change encryption key frequently. 41 . This will use TKIP or AES based on the other communication peer automatically. AES can provide high level encryption to enhance the wireless LAN security. Users can use an external RADIUS server to authenticate wireless stations and provide the session key to encrypt data during communication.6.3. The IP address of external RADIUS server. It uses TKIP or CCMP (AES) to change the encryption key frequently.4. Parameter WPA(TKIP) WPA2(AES) WPA2 Mixed RADIUS Server IP address RADIUS Server Port RADIUS Server Password Description TKIP can change the encryption key frequently to enhance the wireless LAN security. The service port of the external RADIUS server The password used by external RADIUS server.

Remove MAC address from the list Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. 42 . Parameter Enable wireless access control Add MAC address into the list Description Allow enabling of access control for wireless connection. Click <Delete All> button to remove all MAC addresses.6.4 Access Control This wireless router provides MAC Address Control. Click <Reset> will clear current selections. Click <Add> to for this wireless station to be added into the "Current Access Control List". If users want to remove a MAC address from the "Current Access Control List ". Click <Clear> for both "MAC Address" and "Comment" fields to be cleared. select the MAC addresses to be deleted and click <Delete Selected>. which prevents the unauthorized MAC addresses from accessing the wireless network.4. Fill in the "MAC Address" and "Comment" of the wireless station to be added.

7 QoS The QoS can let users classify Internet application traffic by source/destination IP address and port number. The rule with smaller priority number has higher priority. Select the rule and click <Move Down> to make the priority lower. then it will enter the detail form of the QoS rule. Click <Apply> after editing the form and the rule will be saved. Adjust the priority of the rules by moving each entry up or down.4. Click <Apply> after filling out the form and the rule will be added into the table. Lower priority applications will get bandwidth after higher priority applications get enough bandwidth. All the applications not specified by users are classified as rule name “Others”. To remove all QoS rules from the table. It can assign priority and reserve bandwidth for each type of application. Parameter Enable/Disable QoS Add a QoS rule into the table Remove QoS rules from the table Edit a QoS rule Adjust QoS rule priority Description Allow enable or disable of QoS function. Users can select the rule and click <Move Up> to make the priority higher. This can let users have a better experience in using critical real time services like Internet phone. select the QoS rules and click <Delete Selected>. the rule with larger priority number has lower priority. If users want to remove a QoS rules from the table. click <Delete All> button. Click <Reset> will clear the current selections. video conference …etc. Click <Add> to enter the form page for the QoS rule. The packets of application with higher priority will always go first. 43 . Select the rule to edit and click <Edit>.

4. The parameters that users leave as blank will be ignored. protocol.168.4 and 192. It can limit bandwidth consumed by packets that match this rule or guarantee bandwidth required by packets that match this rule.3. It can limit the maximum bandwidth consumed by this rule by selecting “Maximum”.2. it would mean 3 IP addresses: 192. Reserve enough bandwidth for this rule by selecting “Guarantee”.168. The priority of this rule will be applied to packets that match classification criteria of this rule.168. traffic type.5. Parameter Rule Name Bandwidth Description The name of this rule.2.2.1 Edit QoS Rule Users can assign packet classification criteria by its local IP range.7. Local IP Address 44 . remote IP range.2.3 – 192. Enter the local IP address range of the packets that this rule will apply. 192.5.168. If users assign 192. local port range and remote port range parameters.168.2. Users can assign the download or upload bandwidth in the unit of Kbps (1024 bit per second).

4. Apply and exit the form. Users can assign a single port number here or assign a range of port numbers by assigning the first port number and the last port number of the range.2.2. 192.168.2.5.3 – 192. for example “101-150” means from port number 100 to port number 150 – the range of 50 port numbers.168.2. Enter the remote IP address range of the packets that this rule will apply.5. The two numbers are separated by a dash “-“. If users assign 192. The two numbers are separated by a dash “-“. Select the protocol type of the packets that this rule will apply.168. List of some popular applications is already available for easing the configuration. for example “101-150” means from port number 100 to port number 150 – the range of 50 port numbers.168. Clear the content of this form.8 NAT Network Address Translation (NAT) allows multiple users at the local site to access the Internet through a single Public IP Address or multiple Public IP Addresses. Users also can get the same result by using other parameters. Enter the remote port range of the packets that this rule will apply.3.168. Users can assign a single port number here or assign a range of port numbers by assigning the first port number and the last port number of the range.2. Select the traffic type of the packets that this rule will apply. it means 3 IP addresses: 192. NAT provides firewall protection from hacker attacks and has the flexibility to allow users to map Private IP Addresses to Public IP Addresses for key services such as Websites and FTP. Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations.4 and 192. 45 .Local Port Range Remote IP Address Remote Port Range Traffic Type Protocol Apply Reset Enter the local port range of the packets that this rule will apply.

) going to different service servers/clients in the LAN.g. Web etc. email. email. After user enable the UPnP feature.g. such as Internet games. Virtual Server Special Applications UPnP Setting ALG Setting Static Routing 46 . The Port Forwarding allows users to redirect a particular range of service port numbers (from the Internet/WAN Ports) to a particular LAN IP address. The NAT Traversal function provided by UPnP can let applications that support UPnP smoothly connect to Internet sites without any incompatibility problem due to the NAPT port translation. can discover this router automatically and access the Internet through this router without any configuration. like Windows XP. FTP. video conferencing. Users can have different services (e.Parameter Port Forwarding Description Users can have different services (e. Users can disable NAT function and setup the routing rules manually. Users can select special applications that need “Application Layer Gateway”. Web etc. FTP. It allows the Enable or Disable UPnP feature. In this section users can configure the router to support these types of applications. The Virtual Server allows users to redirect a particular service port number (from the Internet/WAN Port) to a particular LAN IP address and its service port number. all client systems that support UPnP. Some applications require multiple connections. Internet telephony and others.) going to different service servers/clients in the LAN.

Parameter Enable Port Forwarding Private IP Type Port Range Comment Add Port Forwarding into the table Remove Port Forwarding into the table Description Allow port forwarding to be enabled. This is the private IP of the server behind the NAT firewall. “Type”.1 Port Forwarding The Port Forwarding allows user to redirect a particular range of service port numbers (from the Internet/WAN Ports) to a particular LAN IP address. Click <Delete All> button to remove all settings. select the Port Forwarding setting and click <Delete Selected>. If users want to remove some Port Forwarding settings from the "Current Port Forwarding Table".4. 47 . This is the protocol type to be forwarded. The range of ports to be forward to the private IP. Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. The description of this setting. Click <Reset> to clear the current selection. Fill in the "Private IP". Click <Clear> and the fields will be cleared. It helps user to host some servers behind the router NAT firewall. Users will need to give the LAN PC clients a fixed/static IP address for Port Forwarding to work properly. This Port Forwarding setting will be added into the "Current Port Forwarding Table". “Port Range” and "Comment" of the setting and click <Add>.8. Users can choose to forward “TCP” or “UDP” packets only or select “both” to forward both “TCP” and “UDP” packets.

Users need to give the LAN PC clients a fixed/static IP address for Virtual Server to work properly.4. This is the port number (of the above Private IP host) that the below Public Port number will be changed to when the packet enters the LAN (to the LAN Server/Client IP).) from the Internet. then leave it to default. Enter the service (service/Internet application) port number from the Internet that will be redirected to the above Private IP address host in the LAN. Select the port number protocol type (TCP. Computers use port numbers to recognize a particular service/Internet application type.2 Virtual Server Use the Virtual Server function for different servers/clients in the LAN to handle different service/Internet application type (e. The Virtual Server allows users to redirect a particular service port number (from the Internet/WAN Port) to a particular LAN private IP address and its service port number. Virtual Server function will have priority over the DMZ function if there is a conflict between the Virtual Server and the DMZ settings.8. UDP or both). FTP.g. Private Port Type Public Port 48 . If users are unsure. Web server etc. Email. Parameter Enable Virtual Server Private IP Description Allow Virtual Server to be enabled. This is the LAN client/host IP address that the Public Port number packet will be sent.

Internet telephony and others.3 Special Applications Some applications require multiple connections. Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. video conferencing. Fill in the "Private IP". "Type". Click <Clear> and the fields will be cleared. such as Internet games. If users want to remove some Virtual Server settings from the "Current Virtual Server Table". 4. "Private Port".Comment Add Virtual Server Remove Virtual Server The description of this setting. Click <Reset> to clear the current selection. 49 . Then this Virtual Server setting will be added into the "Current Virtual Server Table". “Public Port” and "Comment" of the setting to be added and click <Add>.8. select the Virtual Server setting and click <Delete Selected>. In this section users can configure the router to support multiple connections for these types of applications. Click <Delete All> button to remove all settings.

"Trigger Type”. Select whether the outbound port protocol is “TCP”. Click <Clear> and the fields will be cleared. This will automatically list the Public Ports required for this popular application in the location (110) specified. Click <Reset> to clear the current selection. select the Special Application setting and click <Delete Selected>. The description of this setting. “UDP” or both.g. etc. If users want to remove Special Application settings from the "Current Special Application Table". Select the Inbound port protocol type: “TCP”. 2300-2400). Select an application from the Popular Applications. Once users have selected an application. select a location (1-10) in the ‘Copy to’ selection box and then click the <Copy to> button. This is the out going (Outbound) range of port numbers for this particular application. Enter the In-coming (Inbound) port or port range for this type of application (e. 5775. 2300-2400. “Public Port”. "Public Type". Public Port Public Type Comment Popular applications Add Special Application Remove Special Application Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. 47624.g. To input a port range use a “dash” to separate the two port number range (e. 6541. select the “Popular Application” and click <Add>. This Special Application setting will be added into the "Current Trigger-Port Table". If users want to add a popular application. This section lists the more popular applications that require multiple connections. Fill in the "Trigger Port". "Public Port" and "Comment" of the setting then click <Add>. Click <Delete All> button to remove all settings.Parameter Enable Trigger Port Trigger Port Trigger Type Description Allow Special Applications function to be enabled. “UDP” or both.). Individual port numbers are separated by a comma (e. 50 . 47624).g.

So users do not have to do any configuration for the PC and can access the Internet through this router easily. Enable the UPnP feature. UPnP Feature Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. all PCs in the Intranet will discover this router automatically.4 UPnP Settings With UPnP. all client systems that support UPnP. can discover this router automatically and access the Internet through this router without any configuration. Parameter Description Users can enable or disable the UPnP feature.8. like Windows XP. 51 . The NAT Traversal function provided by UPnP can let applications that support UPnP smoothly connect to Internet sites without any incompatibility problem due to the NAPT port translation.4.

Parameter Enable Description Users can enable “Application Layer Gateway”. and the router will let that application correctly pass though the NAT gateway.5 ALG Settings Users can select applications that need “Application Layer Gateway” support.4. 52 . Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations.8.

With Static Routing. The interface that goes to the next hop (router).4. Users have to enable the Static Routing function before the routing rules take effect. The IP sharing function will not work any more in Static Routing mode.6 Static Routing This router provides Static Routing function when NAT is disabled. 53 . Fill in the "Destination LAN IP". the router can forward packets according to routing rules. The number of hops (routers) to pass through to reach the destination LAN. Then this rule of Static Routing will be added into the "Static Routing Table". Click <Reset> and the fields will be cleared. Subnet Mask The next stop gateway of the path toward the destination LAN. The DMZ function of firewall will not work if static routing is enabled. “Default Gateway”. "Hop Count" and "Interface" of the rule and click <Add>. "Subnet Mask”. Parameter Enable Static Routing Destination LAN IP Subnet Mask Default Gateway Hop Count Interface Add a Rule Description Static Routing function is default disabled. The network address of destination LAN. This is the IP of the neighbor router that this router should communicate with on the path to the destination LAN.8.

However. Parameter Access Control URL Blocking DoS DMZ Description Access Control allows user to specify which hosts that the users can or cannot have access to certain Internet applications. The Broadband router's firewall can block common hacker attacks and can log the attack activities. users can configure a specific client/server as a Demilitarized Zone (DMZ). URL Blocking allows user to specify which URLs cannot be accessed by users. 54 . select the Static Routing setting and click <Delete Selected>. for applications that require unrestricted access to the Internet. Click <Delete All> button to remove all settings. 4. Click <Reset> to clear the current selection. The DMZ function allows user to redirect all packets going to the WAN port IP address to a particular IP address in your LAN.9 Firewall The Broadband router provides extensive firewall protection by restricting connection parameters. Select <Enable> and click <Apply> to initiate the firewall. Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations.Remove a Rule If users want to remove routing rule settings from the "Static Routing Table". and defending against a wide array of common Internet attacks. thus limiting the risk of hacker attack.

FTP etc.4.).9. Access Control allows users to define the traffic type permitted in the LAN. Fill in “Client PC MAC Address” and “Comment” of the PC that is allowed to access the Internet and click <Add>. Fill in “IP Filtering Table” to filter PC clients by IP. Click <Reset> to clear the all fields. If select <Allow> then all PCs will be denied to access Internet except for the PCs in the list below. email.g.1 Access Control Restrict users from accessing certain Internet applications/services via this interface (e. If users want to remove some PC from the "IP Filtering Table". Check <Enable MAC Filtering> to enable MAC Filtering. 55 . Internet websites. Users can click <Add> PC to add an access control rule for users by IP addresses. Click <Delete All>" button to remove all PCs from the list. select the PC and click <Delete Selected>. Users can control which PC client have access to these services. Parameter Deny Allow Filter client PCs by IP Add PC Remove PC Filter client PC by MAC address Add PC Description If select <Deny> then all PCs will be allowed to access Internet besides the PCs in the list below.

9. Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. Click <Reset> to clear all selections. Click <Delete All> button to remove all PCs from the table. Users need to give the LAN PC clients a fixed/static IP address for the Access Control rule to work properly. This allows users to select UDP. The router will block clients from accessing Internet services that use these ports.Remove PC If users want to remove some PC from the "MAC Filtering Table". including IP address and service type. Parameter Client PC Description Client PC IP Addresses Client PC Service Protocol Port Range Apply Changes Reset Description The description for this client PC rule. Click <Apply Changes> to save the setting. Enter the IP address range to apply this Access Control rule. Users can block the clients from accessing some Internet services by checking the services to block.1 Access Control: Add PC This page allows users to define service limitation of client PC. It can be assign up to five port ranges. TCP or both protocol types to block. 56 . Click <Reset> to clear all fields.1. 4. select the PC and click <Delete Selected>.

Click <Delete All> button to remove all entries. Parameter Enable URL Blocking Add URL Keyword Description Allow URL Blocking to be enabled.9. Fill in “URL/Keyword” and then click <Add>. Click <Reset> to clear all fields. Remove URL Keyword 57 . select the URL keyword to remove and click <Delete Selected>. To clear the selection. Users can enter the full URL address or the keyword of the web site to be blocked.4. If users want to remove a URL keyword from the "Current URL Blocking Table".2 URL Blocking Users can block access to some websites from particular PCs by entering a full URL address or just keyword of the Web site. just click <Reset>.

Port Scan and Sync Flood. the router can log the events. Parameter Ping of Death Discard Ping From WAN Port Scan Sync Flood Description Protections from Ping of Death attack.3 DoS The Broadband router's firewall can block common hacker attacks. Ping of Death. Protect the router from Sync Flood attack. Protect the router from port scan.4.9. including Denial of Service. The router’s WAN port will not respond to any Ping requests. When Internet attacks occur. 58 .

the router can open the client to an unrestricted two-way Internet access by defining a DMZ Host.4. 59 .9. If there is a conflict between the Virtual Server and the DMZ setting. The difference between the virtual server and the DMZ function is that the virtual server redirects a particular service/Internet application (e. Parameter Enable DMZ Public IP Address Client PC IP Address Description Allow the DMZ to be enabled. Input the IP address of a particular host in the LAN that will receive all the packets originally going to the WAN port/Public IP address above. FTP. then Virtual Server function will have priority over the DMZ function.g.g.4 DMZ If users have a local client PC that cannot run an Internet application (e. Games) properly from behind the NAT firewall. The IP address of the WAN port or any other Public IP addresses given by the user’s ISP. websites) to a particular LAN client/server. The DMZ function allows re-direct of all packets going to the WAN port IP address to a particular IP address in the LAN. Users need to give the LAN PC clients a fixed/static IP address for DMZ to work properly. whereas DMZ re-directs all packets (regardless of services) going to your WAN IP address to a particular LAN client/server.

View the broadband router’s system log. Use the Status page to monitor following information: The connection status of the broadband router WAN/LAN interfaces.10 Status The Status section allows user to monitor the current status of the router. and information on all DHCP client PCs currently connected to the network. Any illegal attempts to access the network. Parameter Status and Information Internet Connection Device Status System Log Security Log Active DHCP Client Statistics Description Shows the router’s system information. Shows the statistics. 60 . View the broadband router’s current setting status. View any attempts that have been made to illegally gain access to the network. View the broadband router’s current Internet connection status and other related information. View the LAN client's information that is currently linked to the broadband router's DHCP server.4. The current firmware and hardware version numbers.

61 .4.10. Hardware version.1 Status and Information The Status and Information section allows user to view the router’s system information. Boot code Version and Runtime code Version. WAN MAC Address. Parameter Information Description Users can view the router’s system information such as the router’s LAN MAC Address. Serial Number.

Parameter Internet Connection Description This page displays whether the WAN port is connected to a Cable/DSL connection. and ISP Gateway as well as the Primary DNS and Secondary DNS being used. 62 . Subnet Mask.10. It also displays the router’s WAN port: WAN IP address.2 Internet Connection View the broadband router’s current Internet connection status and other related information.4.

4.10.3 Device Status View the broadband router’s current configuration settings. The Device Status displays the configuration settings users have configured in the Quick Setup Wizard/General Setup section. Parameter Device Status Description This page shows the broadband router’s current device settings. It also shows whether the DHCP Server function has being enabled or disabled. 63 . This page displays the Broadband router LAN port’s current LAN IP Address and Subnet Mask.

the system log can be saved via <Save> button to a local file for further processing.4 System Log View the operation log of the system. the system log will disappear if not saved to a local file. It displays any event occurred after system start up.4. System Log 64 . At the bottom of the page. The system log can be cleared by clicking <Clear> button. click on <Refresh> button. Parameter Description This page shows the current system log of the broadband router. When the system is powered down.10. Refresh the interface to update current situation.

It displays any illegal attempts to access your network. Security Log 65 . At the bottom of the page. The security log can be cleared by clicking <Clear> button. Refresh the interface to update current situation.4.5 Security Log View any attempts that have been made to illegally gain access to the network. the security log can be saved via <Save> button to a local file for further processing. Parameter Description This page shows the current security log of the broadband router. the security log will disappear if not saved to a local file.10. When the system is powered down. click on <Refresh> button.

10. the MAC address and Time Expired of each LAN Client.6 Active DHCP Client View the LAN client's information that is currently linked to the broadband router's DHCP server.4. The “Active DHCP Client Table” displays the IP address. Parameter Active DHCP Client Description This page shows all DHCP clients (LAN PCs) currently connected to the network. Use the <Refresh> button to get the most updated situation 66 .

10.7 Statistics View the statistics of packets sent and received on WAN. Parameter Statistics Description Shows the counters of packets sent and received on WAN. 67 . LAN and Wireless LAN. LAN and Wireless LAN.4.

68 .4. This page allows user to upgrade the router’s firmware.11 Tool This page includes the basic configuration tools. restore the router’s saved configuration files and restore the router’s factory default settings. Users can reset the router’s system should any problem exist. Firmware Upgrade (upgrade system firmware) and Reset. such as Configuration Tools (save or restore configuration settings). Parameter Configuration Tools Firmware Upgrade Reset Description Users can save the router’s current configuration.

it can be reloaded to the saved configuration through the Restore selection. which will set all configurations to its original default settings. When users save the configuration setting. users can use the "Restore to Factory Defaults" tool to force the Broadband router to perform a power reset and restore the original factory settings. If extreme problems occur.11.4.1 Configuration Tools The Configuration Tools screen allows user to save the router’s current configuration setting. Configuration Tools 69 . users can use the ‘Restore to Factory Defaults’ selection. Alternatively. Users can use the "Restore" tool to restore the saved configuration to the broadband router. Parameter Description Use the "Backup" tool to save the Broadband router current configuration to a file named "config. Saving the configuration settings provides an added protection and convenience should problems occur with the router being reset to factory default.bin" on the PC.

4.11.2

Firmware Upgrade

This page allows user to upgrade the router’s firmware.

Parameter

Description
This tool allows user to upgrade the broadband router’s system firmware. To upgrade the firmware of the broadband router, users need to download the firmware file to the local hard disk. Enter that file name and path in the appropriate field on this page. Alternatively, use the <Browse> button to find the firmware file.

Firmware Upgrade

Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations.

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4.11.3

Reset

Users can reset the router’s system should any problem exist. The reset function essentially re-boots the router’s system.

Parameter

Description
In the event that the system stops responding correctly or in some way stops functioning, users can perform a reset. The settings will not be changed. To perform the reset, click on the <Apply> button. Users will be asked to confirm your decision. The reset will be complete when the power light stops blinking. Once the reset process is complete users may start using the router again.

Reset

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Chapter 5 Appendix
5.1 Manually find PC’s IP and MAC Address

1) In Windows, open the ‘Command Prompt Program’

2) Type ipconfig /all and press <Enter>.

PC’s IP address is the one entitled IP address (192.168.1.77). The router’s IP address is the one entitled Default Gateway (192.168.1.254). PC’s MAC Address is the one entitled Physical Address (00-50-FC-FE-02-DB).

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2. if the destination is not on the same network. which will then send it out towards the destination.45. The ISP Gateway Address is an IP address for the Internet router located at the ISP's office.168. ISP: Internet Service Provider. DNS Server IP Address: DNS stands for Domain Name System. and move data around at up to 10/100 million bits per second (Mbps).8). Idle Timeout: Idle Timeout is designed so that when there is no traffic to the Internet for a pre-configured amount of time. the user is sent to the proper IP address. ISP Gateway Address: (see ISP for definition). The DNS server IP address used by the computers on the home network is the location of the DNS server assigned by the ISP. IP Address and Network (Subnet) Mask: IP stands for Internet Protocol.34. the connection will automatically be disconnected. A DNS server keeps a database of Internet servers and their respective domain names and IP addresses.Chapter 6 Glossary Default Gateway (Router): Every non-router IP device needs to configure a default gateway’s IP address. and the host identifier. which allows Internet servers to have a domain name (such as www. Ethernet: A standard for computer networks. A DSL modem uses the existing phone lines to transmit data at high speeds. Example: 192.1. DSL Modem: DSL stands for Digital Subscriber Line. This protocol automatically gives every computer on the home network an IP address. It consists of 2 portions: the IP network address. Ethernet networks are connected by special cables and hubs. unique Internet computer host in an IP network. so that when a domain name is requested. 73 . DHCP: Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol.com) and one or more IP addresses (such as 192.Broadbandrouter. An IP address consists of a series of four numbers separated by periods that identifies a single. An ISP is a business that provides connectivity to the Internet for individuals and other businesses or organizations. the device has to send the packet to its default gateway. When the device sends out an IP packet.

A LAN is a group of computers and devices connected together in a relatively small area (such as a house or an office). 74 .323 SNMP SNMP Trap HTTP PPTP Protocol Port Number TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP UCP UDP TCP TCP 23 21 25 110 1720 161 162 80 1723 5631 5632 PC Anywhere TCP PC Anywhere UDP PPPoE: Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet. MAC Address: MAC stands for Media Access Control. A MAC address is the hardware address of a device connected to a network. NAT: Network Address Translation. This process allows all of the computers on the home network to use one IP address. The home network is considered a LAN. Port: Network Clients (LAN PC) uses port numbers to distinguish one network application/protocol over another. Below is a list of common applications and protocol/port numbers: Application Telnet FTP SMTP POP3 H.LAN: Local Area Network. users can access the Internet from any computer on the home network without having to purchase more IP addresses from the ISP. Point-to-Point Protocol is a secure data transmission method originally created for dial-up connections and PPPoE is for Ethernet connections. It is a communications protocol for transmitting information over Ethernet between different manufacturers. Using the broadband router’s NAT capability. Ethernet and the Point-to-Point Protocol. plus 3 bytes that are often used as the product’s serial number. It is comprised of two parts: 3 bytes of data that corresponds to the Manufacturer ID (unique for each manufacturer). PPPoE relies on two widely accepted standards. The MAC address is a unique identifier for a device with an Ethernet interface.

g. Both TCP and UDP are transport layer protocol. Subnet Mask: A subnet mask. countries). a network layer protocol.255. TCP/IP. TCP performs proper error detection and error recovery. which may be a part of the TCP/IP information provided by the ISP. WAN: Wide Area Network. This means the user can use the familiar Netscape or Microsoft Internet Explorer to Control/configure or monitor the device being managed. Both run on top of the IP (Internet Protocol). which must be assigned by InterNIC).0) configured like an IP address. 75 . and thus is reliable. is a set of four numbers (e.Router: A router is an intelligent network device that forwards packets between different networks based on network layer address information such as IP addresses. It is used to create IP address numbers used only within a particular network (as opposed to valid IP address numbers recognized by the Internet. different buildings.g. 255. A network that connects computers located in geographically separate areas (e. UDP on the other hand is not reliable. Web-based management Graphical User Interface (GUI): Many devices support a graphical user interface that is based on the web browser. The Internet is a wide area network. UDP: Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and Unreliable Datagram Protocol (UDP).255. cities. TCP/IP is the standard protocol for data transmission over the Internet.

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