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Code No: RR220302

Set No. 1

II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 METALLURGY AND MATERIAL SCIENCE ( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Mechatronics, Production Engineering and Automobile Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆

(a)

1. Derive the relationship between atomic radius and lattice parameter for FCC

materials and calculate it’s packing factor.

[8]

(b)

Draw a neat sketch of BCC crystal structure and calculate its packing factor

and find out the effective number of atoms.

[8]

(a)

2. Explain how a cooling curve is determined? What significant information can

be obtained from a cooling curve? Explain the significance of a hold, a break

and a recovery in a cooling curve.

[16]

(a)

3. Explain the importance and applications of the following:

[3×3=9]

i. Phase rule ii. Lever rule iii. Composition rule.

(b)

Distinguish between steels and cast irons and highlight the importance of each

of them as Engineering Materials.

[7]

4. Explain the effect of alloying elements upon Ferrite and upon carbides/complex

(a)

carbides.

[4×4=16]

(b)

Explain the term maraging.

(c)

Give at least four advantages of maraging steels as compared to regular stain- less steels.

(d)

Write a short notes on special purpose tool steels.

(a)

5. What is meant by incubation period?

[2]

(b)

Why do you obtain a C-shape in the T-T-T diagram?

[4]

(c)

What is an athermal transformation?

[4]

(d)

Compare the structural features of Pearlite with that of Bainite.

[6]

(a)

6. What are the castable types of Aluminium alloys you know? Give the com-

position and industrial uses of LM6 alloys.

[8]

(b)

Give examples of non-heat treatable type of aluminium alloys. What are their

applications.

[8]

(a)

7. Compare the physical, chemical and mechanical properties of ceramics with

those of metals.

[9]

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Code No: RR220302

Set No. 1

[7]

8. (a) Distinguish between agglomerated materials and laminates, mentioning suit-

(b) Discuss the different types of bonding in ceramics.

 

able examples.

[6]

(b)

Explain the importance of particle size in composite materials.

[4]

(c)

Explain the differences between matrix and dispersed phase in a composite

material.

[6]

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Code No: RR220302

Set No. 2

II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 METALLURGY AND MATERIAL SCIENCE ( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Mechatronics, Production Engineering and Automobile Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆

1. Draw a neat sketch of CPH crystal structure and calculate the theoretical c/a

(a)

ratio for the above structure.

[8]

(b)

Define the term co-ordination number. What is the significance of co-ordination number? Calculate the Co-ordination number of three cubic space lattices. [8]

(a)

2. Explain the differences between an alloy and alloy system.

[4]

(b)

How are the alloy systems classified based on the number of elements present

in it. Explain them with suitable examples.

[8]

(c)

Distinguish between homogeneous alloy and heterogeneous alloys.

[4]

(a)

3. Define and explain the structural phases.

[3×3=9]

i. Ferrite

ii. Austenite

iii. Cementite.

(b)

Describe the construction of the phase diagram for 2 metals completely soluble

in liquid state and insoluble in solid state.

[7]

(a)

4. What is the disadvantage of too high a first stage annealing temperature for

Malleable Cast Iron? Explain.

[8]

(b)

Why are alloying elements added to steels? Give some examples of common

 

alloying elements and their effect on the properties of steel

[8]

5. Explain the following:

 

(a)

Natural aging

[3]

(b)

Artificial aging

[3]

(c)

Delayed aging

[3]

(d)

Coherent lattice theory

[3]

(e)

Solution treatment in Age hardening process.

[4]

6.

(a)

Name the important properties of Titanium.

[4]

(b)

Discuss the properties and applications of Beryllium bronzes.

[6]

(c)

Give an account of Red Brasses.

[6]

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Code No: RR220302

Set No. 2

(a)

7. What is the basic composition of soda-lime glass? Give its advantages, disad-

vantages and applications.

[7]

(b)

What is the purpose of MgO and Al 2 O 3 additions to soda-lime glass?

[5]

(c)

What is chemically strengthened glass? Why is chemically strengthened glass

stronger in tension than annealed glass?

[4]

(a)

8. What is MMC? Where are they used? Classify the MMCs according to the

type of reinforcement.

[7]

(b)

Discuss about the following with relevant examples and applications:

i. Continuous- fiber reinforced MMCs.

[3]

ii. Discontinuous- fiber reinforced MMCs.

[3]

iii. Particulate reinforced MMCs.

[3]

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Code No: RR220302

Set No. 3

II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 METALLURGY AND MATERIAL SCIENCE ( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Mechatronics, Production Engineering and Automobile Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆

1. Draw a neat sketch of CPH crystal structure and calculate the theoretical c/a

(a)

ratio for the above structure.

[8]

(b)

Define the term co-ordination number. What is the significance of co-ordination number? Calculate the Co-ordination number of three cubic space lattices. [8]

2. The Maximum solubility of carbon in gamma solid solution is 2% (interstecial void space is 26%) that of alpha Iron is 0.025%). (interstecial void space is 32%). Explain the reasons for the above behavior with neat sketches. [10]

(a)

(b)

Taking only 45 of the most common metals. Calculate maximum the number

of possibly binary; ternary and tetranary alloy systems.

[6]

3. Silicon and germanium are completely soluble in both liquid and solid states. The melting point of Si is 1700K and the melting point of Ge is 1220 K. For an alloy of 20% Si the freezing range is from 1275K to 1400k. For an alloy of 80% Si, the

freezing range is from 1550K to 1650K.

[10]

(a)

Draw the phase diagram and label the areas.

(b)

Discuss the nature of solidification for 50% silicon alloy.

[6]

(a)

4. Explain the Malleabilizing treatment given to white iron castings. Sketch the

typical microstructure of malleable cast iron label the phases in it.

[8]

(b)

What is High speed steel? Give the typical composition of High speed steel. Explain the part played by each of the alloying elements in tool steels. Explain the heat treatment process of High speed steel. [8]

(a)

5. Explain what is meant by ”Secondary Hardening”.

[3]

(b)

What are the alloying elements used to produce this phenomenon in steels?[4]

(c)

What is meant by age hardening?

[3]

(d)

Describe the steps involved in age-hardening process, with the help of an

example.

[6]

(a)

6. How the beta titanium alloys are strengthened.

[4×4=16]

(b)

Give at least 2 applications for alpha; alpha-beta and beta titanium alloys.

(c)

Explain the role of the following elements on the structure and properties of copper alloys.

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Code No: RR220302

i. lead

ii. phosporus

iii. aluminium

iv. Manganese.

Set No. 3

(a)

7. Differentiate between ceramic and non-ceramic materials.

[6]

(b)

How ceramic components are formed? Explain.

[4]

(c)

Compare the properties of crystalline ceramics and glass ceramics.

[6]

(a)

8. What is a hybrid composite? Give important advantages of hybrid composites

over normal fiber composites.

[8]

(b)

Why composite materials are considered now a days as structural materials in

engineering applications? Reason out.

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[8]

Code No: RR220302

Set No. 4

II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 METALLURGY AND MATERIAL SCIENCE ( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Mechatronics, Production Engineering and Automobile Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆

(a)

1. What is stacking sequence? Explain the stacking sequence for FCC and CPH

crystal structures with the help of neat sketches.

[5]

(b)

The enthalpy of atomization of diamond is 713 KJ/mole. The listed bond energy is 347 kJ/mole. How do you reconcile the difference. [6]

(c)

Distinguish between crystal and crystal lattice fully.

[5]

(a)

2. What is chemical affinity factor? Should this be high or low for the formation

of substitutional solid solutions?

Why?

[8]

(b)

Distinguish fully with neat sketches between interstecial solid solutions & in-

terstecial compounds.

[8]

(a)

3. Define and explain the structural phases.

[3×3=9]

i. Ferrite

ii. Austenite

iii. Cementite.

(b)

Describe the construction of the phase diagram for 2 metals completely soluble

in liquid state and insoluble in solid state.

[7]

(a)

4. Explain how the alloying elements that dissolve in Ferrite increase it’s strength.

 

[5]

(b)

What effect would the addition of 1% Cr have on the properties of a low

carbon steel and a high carbon steel?

[6]

(c)

What factors determine the wear resisting properties of steel?

[5]

(a)

5. What are the requirements of an age-hardenable alloy.

[4]

(b)

Give a typical heat treatment schedule for duralumin and explain the relevant

microstructural changes.

[12]

(a)

6. Mention atleast three compositions of copper alloys suitable for the following

applications.

[2×5=10]

i. Ship propeller

ii. Bearings

iii. Non-sparking tools

iv. Springs

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Code No: RR220302

v. Heat Exchangers.

Set No. 4

(b) Discuss briefly the precipitation hardening procedure with specific reference

to beryllium copper.

[6]

7. (a) List out the main characteristics of ceramics.

[6]

(b) How the ceramic materials are classified? Discuss each class with their char-

[10]

acteristics and application.

8. (a) Derive an equation relating the elastic modulus of a layered composite of unidirectional fibers and a plastic matrix, which is loaded under isostrain

conditions.

[8]

(b) Derive an equation relating the elastic modulus of a layered composite of unidirectional fibers and a plastic matrix, which is loaded under isostress con- ditions.

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[8]