Você está na página 1de 24

FOOD STAPLES SELF-SUFFICIENCY ROADMAP 2011-2016

FOOD STAPLES SELF-SUFFICIENCY


Food Security availability, accessibility, and affordability of safe and nutritious food to everyone at all place and time Food Staples rice, white corn, sweet potato, cassava and plantain Food Self-sufficiency ability of a population to secure its food needs by its own production

WHY SELF-SUFFICIENCY?
Thin world rice trade 5-7% of worlds production from 2000-2008 Highly concentrated exports - Thailand, Vietnam, Pakistan, India, US 84% of World Exports in 2008 Increasing rice demand from nontraditional rice-eating countries (e.g. Africa) Climate change affects rice exporting and importing countries alike Non-rice staples (except wheat) are not imported

HISTORICAL PERFORMANCE: PALAY PRODUCTION

HISTORICAL PERFORMANCE: AREA HARVESTED

HISTORICAL PERFORMANCE: YIELD

IMPORT DEPENDENCE & SELF-SUFFICIENCY

Region

Per Capita Rice Consumption* (kg) 1999/00

PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION & AVAILABILITY


2008/09

Philippines
NCR CAR Ilocos Region Cagayan Valley Central Luzon CALABARZON MIMAROPA Bicol Region Western Visayas Central Visayas Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula Northern Mindanao Davao Region SOCCSKSARGEN Caraga ARMM

106
90 121 118 116 111 108 108 111 122 67 113 90 91 108 103 114 122

119
101 132 125 122 123 113 136 124 134 95 127 109 116 113 137 128 145

Per Capita Availability of Milled Rice** (kg) 2009

115
179 189 433 179 20 229 130 204 27 155 110 93 64 199 118 82

Surplus Deficit Marginally Surplus/Deficit


*Per capita consumption considers food use only **Per capita availability is a direct conversion of regional palay production to milled rice using 65% milling recovery

FSSR OBJECTIVES
1. Produce at least 21.11 and 22.49 million tons of palay by end of 2013 and 2016 2. Maintain per capita rice consumption at 120 kg/year 3. Increase production of non-rice staples by 3.5% annually

PROGRAM COMPONENTS
1. Increasing and sustaining the gains in prodn
a. Production interventions Irrigation, Extension, R&D, Access to Quality Seeds, Upland Rice Development b. Enabling mechanisms NFA Reforms, Credit, Insurance, Favorable Policies

2. Mechanizing & reducing postharvest losses 3. Managing consumption

PRODUCTION INTERVENTIONS
A. Development and maintenance of irrigation systems 1. Increase serviceable areas (NIA)
a. Generation focus on rainfed rice areas (70%) b. Rehabilitation focus on water-deficit areas (10%) c. Restoration focus on water-deprived areas (20%) a. b. c. d. Rice-intensifying cropping pattern Water-saving farming system Modernizing rehabilitation of irrigation Crisis-alleviating water distribution

2. Increase in cropping intensity (NIA)

PRODUCTION INTERVENTIONS
A. Development and maintenance of irrigation systems 3. Small-scale Irrigation Projects (BSWM)

a. Small Water Impounding Projects (SWIP), Diversion Dams (DD), Small Farm Reservoirs (SFR), Shallow Tube Wells (STW), Pump Irrigation System from Open Source (PISOS) b. Criteria for eligible farmers/area c. Counterpart schemes

PRODUCTION INTERVENTIONS
B. Increase Farmers Access to High Quality Seeds 1. Community Seed Banks (CSB)

Formal System - through market Informal System seed exchange 10% of the provincial requirement

2. Seed Buffer Stocking

PRODUCTION INTERVENTIONS
C. R&D and Promotion of Appropriate Technologies 1. High-yielding inbred and hybrid rice varieties (PhilRice) 2. Integrated Crop Management (PhilRice) 3. Balance Fertilization (BSWM) 4. Sustainable Farming Systems (NOAB)

PRODUCTION INTERVENTIONS
D. Extension and Farmers Education
1. Farmers: community organizing, training, and eextension 2. Enhance capacity of LGU extension workers and irrigators associations 3. Mobilize all AEWs (DA, attached agencies and LGUs) 4. Partner with NGOs and POs

PRODUCTION INTERVENTIONS
E. Development of Upland Rice-Based Farming Systems 1. For household food security in upland areas 2. Sustainable farming systems

ENABLING MECHANISMS
A. NFA Reforms 1. Increase NFA Procurement up to 9.5% of prodn by 2013 at P17/kg 2. Phased increase in selling price of NFA rice 3. Conditional cash transfer rather than untargeted consumer subsidy 4. Focus Role: a) buffer stocking; b) price support to farmers

ENABLING MECHANISMS
B. Accessibility of credit C. Crop insurance D. Safeguard irrigated rice areas from land conversion

POSTHARVEST LOSS REDUCTION


A. Farm machinery and equipment:

Hand tractors, 4-wheel tractors, drum-seeder, combine H-T, thresher, reaper, seed cleaner

B. Drying facilities: MPDP,


Modified MPDP, FBD

C. Rice Mill Modernization: conversion of single-type mills

to double-pass (village type) or multi-pass (commercial) mills

MANAGEMENT OF CONSUMPTION
A. Use of Quad-Media Advocacy

Encourage consumption of unpolished/brown rice Eliminate rice table wastes (3 tbsp/person/day)

B. Partner w/ other govt agencies and NGOs

MANAGEMENT OF CONSUMPTION
C. Diversify Staple Convergence in DA Programs on Rice, Corn, and High Value Crops accessibility and affordability of nonrice staple through supply

CONTRIBUTION OF INTERVENTIONS TO TARGET INCREMENTS (2011-2013)

SELF-SUFFICIENCY SCENARIOS

100% Self-sufficient 90% Self-sufficient 83% Self-sufficient

BUDGETARY REQUIREMENT
2011-2016

Benefit-Cost Ratio = 1-2

141.94 Billion