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Brandon Alleyne History HW 1. Shinto means the way of the gods.

Kami of spirits; in Shinto Kami are thought to live in everything from rocks and plants to mountains, Kami also are said to control earthquakes, and other natural disasters. 2. Gautama was a man who was born in modern-day Nepal, around 560 B.C. Gautama was the son of a local ruler; one day Gautama decided to venture beyond the palace, outside he saw a beggar, a sick man, and a dead man. After seeing this Gautama left his wealthy life to search for the cause of human misery, after six years of meditation he found the answer and its solution. He became known as the Buddha or enlightened one. The four noble truths are: 1. Suffering is universal. Everyone suffers from pain, sickness, and death. 2. The cause of suffering is desire. People desire things such as riches and long life though everything in life in constantly changing and nothing is permanent, even pleasure causes suffering because it must come to an end. 3. The third truth is that the only way to end suffering is to end desire, which is the path to achieve nirvana. 4. The way to end desire is by following the Noble Eightfold Path. In Eightfold Path, the Buddha created a practical guide for correct conduct. The guide stressed compassion towards other creatures, kindness and truthfulness. 3. According to Confucius, the five relationships that should bring order to human society are: the relationship between, Father and son, ruler and ruled, older brother and younger brother, husband and wife, and friend and friend. Out of the five four state that there is an inferior and superior person, those that demonstrate this type of relationship are, Father and son, ruler and ruled, older brother and younger brother, husband and wife, it is stated that the superior person should set an example for the inferior and that the superior is responsible for the inferior persons well being. 4. Confucius thought highly of relationships pertaining to family, being as he felt that family was key to an orderly society, he also created a guide to proper behavior, and treated education in high regards. 5. Shinto had a large effect on Japanese culture being as it: created a link between the people and the forces of nature, while also helping people to unite and respect each other. Shinto was still unable to answer frequently occurring questions such as life after death or proper behavior. 6. Buddhism encouraged friendliness and compassion towards other creatures, and also included the Four Noble Truths which arguably gave a road map and explanation on behavior, while enforcing self-discipline. 7. Confucianism influenced Japan with teachings of the five basic relationships of the inferior and superior. In the late 1600s shoguns held Confucianism in high regards, stressing ideas such as loyalty and importance of education.