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SAGEM-LINK A Microwave Radio Links 6 GHz – 38 GHz

SAGEM-LINK A Microwave Radio Links 6 GHz – 38 GHz Installation and Operation Manual 288 069

Installation and Operation Manual

288 069 707-01

March 2005 Issue

S

SAGEM-LINK A

INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION

6

1.1

– SAGEM-LINK A Radio Links

6

1.2

- SAGEM-LINK A Overview

7

1.2.1

- General

7

1.2.2

- SAGEM LINK A Main Modules

7

1.2.3

- In-Band Management

11

1.3

- SAGEM-LINK A Line Interfaces

12

1.3.1

- OC-3/STM-1 Line Interface

12

1.3.2

- Ethernet Interface

12

1.3.3

- Wayside Channel Interface

12

1.3.4

- External Alarms

12

1.3.5

- Protected Configurations

12

CHAPTER 2 - THEORY OF OPERATION

13

2.1

– Introduction

13

2.2

- System Block Diagram

14

2.3

- SAGEM-LINK A Specifications

16

2.3.1

- General

16

2.3.2

- Radio

19

2.3.3

- Antenna

21

2.3.4

- Media Device (Antenna Mount) Losses

22

2.3.5

- Payload

23

2.3.6

- Protection

23

2.3.7

- Network Management, Diagnostics, Status, and Alarms

23

2.3.8

- Environment

24

2.3.9

- Power Input

24

2.3.10 - Power Consumption

24

2.3.11 - Mechanical

24

CHAPTER 3 - INSTALLATION

25

3.1

- General

25

3.2

- Unpacking Equipment

25

3.3

- Site Requirements

25

3.3.1

- Additional Requirements for North America

25

3.3.2

- Before Installing the ODU

26

3.3.3

- Waveguide Flange Specifications

26

3.3.4

- Required Components and Equipment

27

3.4

- Suggested Pole Installation

29

3.5

- Flow of Operations

30

3.6

- Installing the IDU in a 19" Rack

31

3.7

- Setting Up the IDU

33

3.7.1

- IDU Power-On

33

3.7.2

- IDU Initialization

33

3.7.3

- Setting IP Addresses for Ethernet and Serial Ports

33

3.7.4

- Installing LinkPilot Management Software

34

3.7.5

- Connecting to the Ethernet Port

34

3.7.6

- Connecting to a PPP/SLIP Port

35

3.7.7

- Installing a PPP/SLIP Driver

35

3.7.8

- Setting the Baud Rate (for serial connections)

35

3.7.9

- Connecting to the IDU via Serial Port

36

3.7.10 - Setting the Local Tx Frequency Channel

37

3.7.11 - Exiting LinkPilot

38

3.8

- Installing the Antenna

39

3.8.1

- General

39

3.8.2

- Installation Instructions

40

3.8.3

- Initial Antenna Alignment using the Headset

47

3.8.4

- Alignment Verification (checking actual receive level)

49

3.8.5

- Final Check

51

3.8.6

- Safety and Grounding

51

3.9

- Checking the ODU Configuration

52

3.10

- ODU Installation for a 6/7/8 GHz System

53

3.10.1

- Required Components

53

3.10.2

- System Description

53

3.10.3

- Installation Procedure

56

3.10.4

- Flange Mating

60

3.11

– 6 to 8 GHz Frequency Diversity and 2+0 System Installation

61

3.11.1

- Connecting the Circulator

62

3.11.2

- Upgrading a Link to Frequency Diversity / 2+0

63

3.12

- 6 to 8 GHz 1+1 System Installation

65

3.13

- XPIC Installation and Commissioning

67

3.13.1

- Antenna and ODU Installation

67

3.13.2

- IDU-ODU Cable Installation

67

3.13.3

- Antenna Alignment

67

3.13.4

- Polarization Alignment

67

3.13.5

- Individual Link Verification

68

3.13.6

- XPIC Configuration

68

3.13.7

XPIC Recovery Test

68

3.13.8

- XPIC Link Verification

68

CHAPTER 4 - SYSTEM SETUP

69

4.1

- Scope

69

4.2

- The Setup Procedure

69

4.2.1

- System Setup

69

4.2.2

- Connecting to the HyperTerminal

70

4.3

- Connecting to the IDU

78

4.3.1

- Connecting Via the Ethernet Port

78

4.3.2

- Connecting via the Serial Port Using PPP/SLIP

78

4.3.3

- Connecting Via a Serial Port Using a Dial-Up Modem

79

4.4

- Logging In

80

4.5

- Setting System Information

81

4.6

- Transport Configuration (Optional)

82

4.7

- Traps Configuration

83

4.8

- External Alarms Setup

84

4.9

- Line Interface Connection

85

CHAPTER 5 - OPERATION

86

5.1

- General

86

5.2

– LinkPilot Installation

86

5.3

- LinkPilot Configuration

87

5.4

- LinkPilot Security

90

5.4.1

Starting the Security Application

90

5.4.2

- Using the Security Application

90

5.4.3

- Creating a New User

91

5.4.4

- Working with Users

92

5.4.5

- Creating a New User Group

92

5.4.6

- Working with Groups

93

5.5

- Trap Forwarding Configuration Utility

95

5.6

- Logging in to LinkPilot

98

5.7

– LinkPilot Description

99

5.7.1

- Main Window

99

5.7.2

- Physical View

101

5.7.3

– LinkPilot Menus

103

CHAPTER 6 - TROUBLESHOOTING

133

6.1

- General

133

6.2

- Maintenance Policy

133

6.3

- Visual Inspection

133

6.4

- Troubleshooting

134

6.4.1

- Troubleshooting Steps

134

6.5

– IDU LED Indicators

135

6.6

- Fault Isolation Using Loopbacks

136

6.7

- Connection Configuration Troubleshooting Guide

137

6.7.1

- Check the Cables

137

6.7.2

- Check Read and Write Communities

138

6.7.3

- Check the Serial Connection

139

6.7.4

- Check the Ethernet Connection

139

6.8

- SAGEM-LINK A Alarm Messages

140

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTED CONFIGURATIONS

146

7.1

– SAGEM-LINK A 1+1 Hot Standby Protection

146

7.1.1

– Theory of Operation

147

7.1.2

– Switching Criteria

147

7.2

– SAGEM-LINK A 1+1 Space Diversity Protection

148

7.3

– SAGEM-LINK A 1+1 Frequency Diversity Protection

149

7.4

– SAGEM-LINK A Hitless Switch

149

CHAPTER 8 - SAGEM-LINK A INTERFACES

150

8.1

– General

150

8.2

- Main Channel Interfaces

150

8.2.1

- STM1 – Optical, multi mode

150

8.2.2

- STM1 – Optical, Single Mode

150

8.2.3

- STM1 – Electrical CMI 1.0/2.3

151

8.2.4

– 100Base-T (Fast Ethernet, Electrical)

151

8.2.5

– 8 E1/T1 (100Base-T IDM drawers)

152

8.3

– Wayside Channel Interfaces

153

8.3.1

– E1 / G703 (for STM1 or 2STM1 IDM drawers)

153

8.3.2

– Ethernet 10Base-T

153

8.4

– Alarm I/O Connector

155

APPENDIX A - PPP/SLIP DRIVER INSTALLATION

156

A.1 - Installation for Windows 2000

156

A.2 - Configuring PPP

156

APPENDIX B - ANTENNA MOUNTING KITS

157

B.1 – Introduction

 

157

B.2 – Direct Mounting

– Antenna with Sagem Interface, 1+0 configuration

157

B.3 – Remote ODU Mount + Standard Antenna – SORAM

158

B.4 – Protected 1+1 ODU Single Antenna Mount with SAGEM Interface – POSAM

159

B.5 – Protected 1+1 ODU Single Antenna Mount (Standard Interface) – PORAM

160

B.6 – Dual ODU Single Antenna Mount with Dual Polarization Antenna – DOSAM

161

B.7 – Dual ODU Remote Antenna Mount with Dual Polarization Antenna – DORAM 162

B.8 – 4 ODU Dual Polarization Antenna with Standard Interface – QORAM

163

APPENDIX C - IN-BAND MANAGEMENT

164

C.1 - Introduction

164

C.2 – In-band Management in SONET/SDH Networks

164

C.3 – SAGEM-LINK A In-band Management

165

C.3.1 - Radio Channel

166

C.3.2 - Line Channel

166

C.3.2.1 - STM-1/OC-3 interfaces only:

166

C.3.2.2 - For all interfaces

167

C.3.2.3 - Managing external equipment using PPPoE:

167

C.4 – In-band Management Routing Concept

168

C.4.1 - General

168

C.4.2 -

Gateway Network Element Routing Protocol

170

C.4.3 -

NE Routing Protocol

170

C.5 – In-band Management Configuration

171

C.5.1 - General

171

C.5.2 - IP Address Configuration

171

C.5.3 - In-band Management Configuration

172

C.6 – In-band Management Configuration Examples

176

C.6.1 – 1+0 Link

176

C.6.2 - 1+1 Link

177

C.6.3 – 1+0 Chain (3 Hops)

178

C.6.4 – 1+1 or 2+0 Chain (2 Hops)

180

C.6.5 – 1+0 Ring

182

C.6.6 – 2+0 or 2+0 XPIC Link

184

C.6.7 – 2+2 Chain

186

Chapter 1

1.1 – SAGEM-LINK A Radio Links

Introduction

SAGEM-LINK A is Sagem’s modular ultra high capacity network connectivity solution designed to meet growing market demands for increased spectral-efficient systems.

SAGEM-LINK A is designed to deliver double the capacity using a single 28 MHz channel. In addition, the system is modular, easy to install, and a cost-effective alternative to fiber.

With SAGEM-LINK A operating in co-channel dual polarization (CCDP) mode, using the cross polarization interference canceller (XPIC) algorithm, two STM-1 signals can be transmitted over a single 28 MHz channel, using vertical and horizontal polarization. This enables double capacity in the same spectrum bandwidth.

A

cost-effective STM-1 ring configuration is achieved using a single SAGEM-LINK A IDU located at each

of

the nodes, with one ODU providing the West connection and another providing the East connection.

For upgrading to a 311 Mbps ring, the built in CCDP mode can be activated to use the same single 28 MHz channel and equipment.

SAGEM-LINK A can also be configured as an STM-1 1+1 hot stand by terminal, in a 1U IDU shelf, with either a single or double antenna installation.

SAGEM-LINK A is equipped with an internal SNMP agent for easy integration with standard network management systems, and can also be managed via IONOS NMS, Sagem’s network management platform. SAGEM-LINK A also provides an internal Ethernet hub for in-band transmission of third party management information.

As with other SAGEM-LINK Family products, SAGEM-LINK A can operate together with any industry standard ADM.

Features

SAGEM-LINK A features include the following:

311 Mbps over a single 28 MHz channel

Cost-effective 155 Mbps ring solution, providing single 1U IDU for East-West connectivity

Modular design for easy capacity upgrade

Cost-effective 155 Mbps hot standby protection system

Built-in Ethernet hub for in-band transmission of third party management information

Operates in the 6-38 GHz frequency bands

Compact, single 1U height IDU

Additional E1/T1 or Ethernet (10BaseT) over 2 Mbps Wayside Channel

Sagem LinkPilot, Java based SNMP element management application

Supports FCC, ETSI, ITU-R, ITU-T, and IEEE standards

Applications

SAGEM-LINK A can be configured as a cost-effective STM-1 ring solution, providing a single one-rack unit height IDU installation at any ring node.

Each node on the STM-1 ring consists of a single 1U Indoor Unit, providing both East and West connectivity at 155 Mbps, connecting to two Outdoor Units, East and West.

SAGEM-LINK A equipment supports co-channel dual polarization (CCDP) mode, for future upgrade to 311 Mbps capacity over a single 28 MHz channel.

1.2 - SAGEM-LINK A Overview

1.2.1 - General

The SAGEM-LINK A radio links are available in 6-38 GHz frequency bands to meet user requirements.

The SAGEM-LINK A system consists of an Indoor Unit (IDU), an Outdoor Unit (ODU), and a high- performance antenna.

1.2.2 - SAGEM LINK A Main Modules

1.2.2.1 - Indoor Unit (IDU)

The IDU which is a compact, 17” wide, 1U-high unit, mount compatible for both ETSI and ANSI standard racks, main features are :

Ultra-High capacity (622 Mbps) multiplexer in 1 U compact solution

Fully redundant 2 carriers

Multi-Rate/ Multi-Constellation ASIC based system

Dual Polarization - XPIC algorithm

Integrated 1+1 protection in 1U solution (including hitless)

Common controller for 2 carriers with replaceable fan unit

Hot swapping is not traffic affecting

Built-in wireless encryption

Software version update and IDU configuration also available through removable media

(MMC)

configuration also available through removable media (MMC) 1+0 - Indoor Unit SAGEM-LINK A Installation and Operation

1+0 - Indoor Unit

1+1 Protected Indoor Unit The IDU includes three replaceable modules : one IDC and one

1+1 Protected Indoor Unit

The IDU includes three replaceable modules : one IDC and one or two drawer modules

IDC – Indoor Controller This module is non traffic affecting, and can be replaced while the IDU is powered on. It includes replaceable fan units. The main features of the IDC are :

Terminal – local craft terminal for initial configuration

Serial – PPP or SLIP connection for SNMP management (dial-up)

Dual Ethernet Port – built in switch for SNMP management connection

MMC – Multimedia card for firmware and configuration download and backup

External Alarms – 5 inputs and 3 outputs

Dual wayside – 2xE1/T1 or 2x10BaseT wayside channels (one per carrier)

Protection – interconnection cable to connect two IDUs for 1+1 configuration

Connected to drawers and manage them

Firmware and configuration bank for different drawers types

Manage the communication to remote IDU

Manage the communication to the user (NMS, LEDs, Alarms and External alarms)

Manage the 1+1 algorithm

IDM – Drawer Module This module performs four functions : Multiplexer, Modem, IF, Power supply.

Multiplexer section :

Full-function SDH regenerator

with G.826 performance monitoring for radio and line

155 Mbps Main Channel: Electrical CMI, Optical SM, MM

Handles Framing and error detection, on the radio and line

Multiplexes the Wayside channel to the SDH overhead

Modem section :

16/32/128/256QAM

Digital signal processing

Modulation/demodulation of the data (from the MUX) to IF frequency (40.5 MHz)

Automatic level equalization on the signal from ODU

FEC ensures un-faded BER lower than 10 -13

IF section :

Tx – frequency conversion of the modulated signal from the Modem (40.5 MHz) to 350 MHz (to ODU)

Rx – frequency conversion of the Received signal from the ODU (140 MHz) to the Modem (40.5 MHz)

IF loopback – allows to test the IDU

Cable interface – DC –48VDC, Tx, Rx and communication (4&8 MHz) between the IDU and ODU

Power supply section :

-40.2 to –72 VDC

Reverse voltage protection

Over-current and over-voltage protection

Detection of cable failures – short or open

Provides DC to ODU’s power supply unit

Power Consumption:

Single drawer (IDC + 1 IDM) – 25Watts

Dual drawer (IDC + 2 IDM) – 40Watts

ODU - ~40Watts

1.2.2.2 - Outdoor Unit (ODU)

Antenna

• ODU - ~40Watts 1.2.2.2 - Outdoor Unit (ODU) Antenna ODU Outdoor Unit (ODU) The ODU

ODU

Outdoor Unit (ODU) The ODU consists of high sensitivity RF circuitry with half band tuning range for most frequencies. An independent controller controls the ODU and its functions, and communicates with the IDU. This controller provides the IDU precise received levels (in dBm) and other indications.

The ODU, which is adjacent to the antenna, is enclosed in a compact, weather-proof enclosure and connects to the IDU via a single coaxial cable of up to 300 m (1000 ft).

ODU functions :

Supports 16 to 256QAM; 28, 50 and 56MHz channels

116, 155, 311Mbps

Available in 6-38 GHz bands

XPIC - 2xSTM-1 channels on one 28MHz channel is achieved by using polarization antenna

dual

Full band frequency tuning range (using the NMS)

High sensitivity

Compact, easy to install and maintain

RF loop for easy troubleshooting

Antenna

The high-performance antenna is available in the following diameters :

1’ (30 cm), 2’ (60 cm), 3’ (90 cm), 4’ (120 cm), or 6’ (180 cm). For low frequencies (6-11 GHz), other antenna sizes (8-15 ft) are available.

1.2.2.3 - SAGEM LinkPilot Management Application

The system is managed either remotely or locally by Sagem LinkPilot, Sagem’s SNMP-based software, running on either Windows 2000 or Windows XP platform, with user-friendly graphical user interface. Sagem NMS functions are in accordance with ITU-T recommendations for TMN.

are in accordance with ITU-T recommendations for TMN. LinkPilot Management Application 1.2.2.4 - IONOS NMS

LinkPilot Management Application

1.2.2.4 - IONOS NMS Management Application

IONOS NMS is Sagem’s powerful yet user-friendly NMS (Network Management System). It provides management functions for SAGEM LINK systems at the network level and individual network element level.

1.2.3 - In-Band Management In-Band Management refers to a method whereby the network management software

1.2.3 - In-Band Management

In-Band Management refers to a method whereby the network management software sends management packets through the same network it is managing.

This differs from out-band management in which the network management software uses a different network (overlay network) in order to communicate with the managed elements.

Sagem IDUs are capable of forwarding IP packets to Ethernet ports, Serial ports, SDH lines (in the overhead) and Radio interfaces (in the overhead).

The general idea of In-Band Management is that when a packet arrives at an IDU, the software in the IDU checks the IP packet and follows one of two basic scenarios:

If the destination IP address of the packet is the same as the IP address of the IDU, pass the packet to the IP layer for further

If the destination IP address of the packet is different than the IP address of the IDU

- If the packet arrived from within the ring, send it to the other side. If that side is down, send it back to its origin.

- If the packet arrived from outside the ring, send it to the radio side. If that side is down, send it to the line side

- If the packet belongs to an address outside the ring, send it through the Ethernet port

SAGEM LINK A wireless system provides flexibility in In-Band Management implementation. The following methods can be used to implement In-Band Management in the SAGEM-LINK A system:

Transferring DCCr bytes through the radio and the network

Transferring DCCr bytes through the radio, but not through the network

Transferring DCCr bytes through the 10BaseT wayside channel

A complete description of in-band management functions is provided in Appendix C.

1.2.4 - Out-of-Band Management

Out-of-Band Management refers to a method whereby SAGEM LinkPilot management signals are transmitted over E1s using FCD-IP/D routers.

It is used when several Sagem sub-networks (ring and chain) are connected to a SONET/SDH network that includes other vendor equipment which do not transparently transmit the DCCR/DCCM data control channels.

In such cases, Sagem sub-networks employ In-Band Management among themselves, and Out-of-Band Management throughout the rest of the network, via FCD-IP/D routers.

Each Sagem sub-network has a 10BaseT connection to LinkPilot at the NOC (Network Operation Center). The connection uses one E1 of the transport network, whereby up to 30 sub-networks can be managed using a single E1 connection.

Management data is protected using the RIP protection method.

1.3 - SAGEM-LINK A Line Interfaces

1.3.1 - OC-3/STM-1 Line Interface

The following most popular OC-3/STM-1 interfaces are supported:

Multi-mode optical modules, 1300 nm, SC connectors.

Single mode optical modules, 1300 nm SC connectors

Electrical (coax) modules, CMI coding, 75 , 1.0/2.3 connectors.

1.3.2 - Ethernet Interface

Fast Ethernet 100BaseT

Option (only with Fast Ethernet) : 8xE1 120 Ohm balanced

1.3.3 - Wayside Channel Interface

Depending on the configuration option, the following interfaces are available

2Mbps wayside channel (mapped into the SDH overhead) options :

- 2xE1, RJ45 balanced 120 ohms (one per carrier (drawer))

- or 2xT1, RJ45 balanced 100 ohms (one per carrier (drawer))

2xETH, RJ45 (one per carrier (drawer))

1.3.4 - External Alarms

SAGEM-LINK A supports 3 programmable floating contacts for external alarms, 5 for input and 3 for output.

1.3.5 - Protected Configurations

Basically, a protected configuration is performed with two terminals including each one IDU (1 IDC + 2 IDM), and 2 ODU. (for more information, see Chapter 7 - Protected Configuration.)

Chapter 2

2.1 – Introduction

Theory of Operation

This chapter describes the SAGEM-LINK A system and how it operates.

The SAGEM-LINK A design concept is based on universal radio architecture.

SAGEM-LINK A is designed to deliver double the capacity using a single 28 MHz channel. In addition, the system is modular, easy to install, and a cost-effective alternative to fiber.

With SAGEM-LINK A operating in co-channel dual polarization (CCDP) mode, using the cross polarization interference canceller (XPIC) algorithm, two STM-1 signals can be transmitted over a single 28 MHz channel, using vertical and horizontal polarization. This enables double capacity in the same spectrum bandwidth.

By adding an additional IDU and two ODU, the SAGEM-LINK A SDH ring can be upgraded to transmit at 311 Mbit/s. Since the existing units support the co-channel dual polarization (CCDP) mode, once this mode is activated, the cross polarization interference canceller (XPIC) allows two STM-1 signals (311 Mbit/s) to be transmitted over the existing single 28 MHz channel. In this system, both horizontal and vertical polarizations are used simultaneously, transmitting a 155 Mbit/s signal to provide 311 Mbit/s throughput.

The XPIC feature ensures an error-free connection despite conditions such as rain.

2.2 - System Block Diagram

IDC Drawer ODU FANS LED+interface module IDC XPIC mode synchronization IDC+W SC+Fans M odule cable
IDC Drawer
ODU
FANS
LED+interface module
IDC
XPIC mode
synchronization
IDC+W SC+Fans M odule
cable
ODU
5,3.3[v]
-48[V]
Power Supply
Carrier A
STM1/2 Daughter Board
B
A
To IF
C
channel1
K
P
Modem Board Channel A
IF board Channel A
L
A
N
E
To IF
channel1
Modem Board Channel B
IF board Channel B
STM1/2 Daughter Board
5,3.3[v]
-48[V]
Power Supply
Carrier B
Carrier Drawers A & B
W SC -
optional
Terminal
Ethernet
SLIP/PPP
Protection
Alarm

As shown in the block diagram, the SAGEM-LINK A IDU includes the following sections and functions:

IDC Drawer

The drawer on the left side of the IDU front panel. Includes IDC (IDU Controller), Wayside channel (optional), and replaceable fan unit.

Carrier Drawers

The drawers to the right

of

the

IDC

Drawer.

Include

multiplexers, modem interfaces, line interfaces, and power supply units.

IDC (IDU Controller) Handles configuration and control of all functional units, including trail configurations, protection algorithms, network management tasks, performance monitoring, alarms detection/generation, and diagnostics.

Multiplexer Receives data delivered via different communication protocols (such as DS-3, Ethernet, etc.) and converts it to a standard SDH framework for transmission through the air. On the receiving end, this module separates the SDH payload and overhead and reconstructs the original data that was converted.

The ODU receives its DC power from the IDU. The PWR LED on the front panel of the IDU continuously lights to indicate the existence of input voltage. The DC input range is -40.5 VDC to -72 VDC.

Power Supply

Modem

Upon transmission, performs data conversion from the baseband frequency to the IF frequency. Upon receiving, performs data conversion from the IF frequency to the baseband frequency. It also performs AGC (Automatic Gain Control).

Line Interface

Performs data framing and scrambling, and LOF detection.

2.3 - SAGEM-LINK A Specifications

2.3.1 - General 155 Mbit/s, 128 QAM, Single Carrier

6-18 GHz

Specification

 

6 GHz

 

7/8 GHz

 

11 GHz

13 GHz

15 GHz

 

18 GHz

Standards

FCC, ETSI

ETSI,

 

FCC, ETSI

ETSI

 

ETSI

FCC, ETSI

Canada

 

Operating

5.925-6.425

7.1-8.5 GHz

10.7-11.7

12.75-

 

14.5-15.35

17.7-19.7

Frequency

GHz, 6.425-

GHz

 

13.25 GHz

GHz

GHz

Range

7.1 GHz

 

Tx/Rx

240, 252.04,

 

119, 154,

500, 520,

266

MHz

315, 420,

1010, 1560

Spacing

260, 266,

161, 168,

530,490

 

475, 728

MHz

340

MHz

182, 196,

MHz

 

MHz

 

245, 311.32

 

MHz

 

RF Channel Spacing 16 QAM / 128 QAM

128

QAM:

 

128 QAM:

128 QAM:

128

QAM:

128 QAM:

16 QAM:

28/30/40

28/29.65

28/30/40

28 MHz

 

28 MHz

50/55/80

MHz

MHz

 

MHz

   

MHz

   

128 QAM:

 

40/27.5 MHz

23-38 GHz

Specification

 

23 GHz

 

26 GHz

 

28 GHz

   

32 GHz

 

38 GHz

Standards

FCC, ETSI

 

ETSI

 

FCC, ETSI,

 

ETSI

ETSI/FCC

   

Canada

 

Operating

21.2-23.6 GHz

 

24.5-26.5 GHz

LMDS. A1, A2, B, LMCS, ETSI

31.8-33.4 GHz

37-38.4, 38.6-

Frequency

 

40, 37-39.5

Range

 

GHz

Tx/Rx

1008, 1200,

 

1008 MHz

 

350-500, 1008

 

812

MHz

700, 1260

Spacing *

1232 MHz

 

MHz

   

MHz

RF Channel

16 QAM:

 

16

QAM:

16

QAM:

128

QAM:

 

16

QAM:

Spacing

50/56 MHz

56

MHz

50/56 MHz

 

28 MHz

50/56 MHz

128

QAM:

128 QAM:

 

128 QAM:

 

128 QAM:

30/28 MHz

 

28

MHz

28

MHz

28

MHz

* For additional Tx/Rx schemes, please contact your Sagem representative.

All Frequencies

Capacity

155

Mbps

Modulation Type

128

QAM

Frequency Stability

128

QAM: ±0.001%

Frequency Source

Synthesizer

RF Channel Selection

 

Via NMS

System Configurations

Non-Protected (1+0), Protected (1+1), Space Diversity, Frequency Diversity

311 Mbit/s, 128/256 QAM, Single Carrier

18-38 GHz

Specification

18 GHz

23 GHz

26 GHz

 

28 GHz

38 GHz

Standards

FCC, ETSI

FCC, ETSI

ETSI

FCC, ETSI

ETSI, FCC

Operating

17.7-19.7 GHz

21.2-23.6 GHz

24.5-26.5 GHz

LMDS. A1, A2, B, LMCS, ETSI

37-38.4, 38.6-

Frequency

40/37-39.5

Range

 

GHz

Tx/Rx

1010, 1560

1008, 1200,

1008 MHz

350-500, 1008

700, 1260

Spacing *

MHz

1232 MHz

MHz

MHz

RF Channel

128

QAM:

128

QAM:

128 QAM:

128

QAM:

128

QAM:

Spacing

55

MHz

56

MHz

56 MHz

56

MHz

56

MHz

256

QAM:

256

QAM:

256

QAM:

256

QAM:

80

MHz

50

MHz

50

MHz

50

MHz

* For additional Tx/Rx schemes, please contact your Sagem representative.

All Frequencies

Capacity

311

Mbps

Modulation Type

128

QAM/256 QAM

Frequency Stability

±0.001%

Frequency Source

 

Synthesizer

RF Channel Selection

Via NMS

System Configurations

Non-Protected (1+0, 2+0), Protected (1+1)

116 Mbit/s, 32 QAM, Single Carrier

6-18 GHz

Specification

6 GHz

7/8 GHz

11 GHz

13 GHz

15 GHz

18 GHz

Standards

FCC, ETSI

ETSI,

FCC, ETSI

ETSI

ETSI,

FCC, ETSI

Canada

FCC,

Canada

Operating

5.925-6.425

7.1-8.5 GHz

10.7-11.7

12.75-

14.5-15.35

17.7-19.7

Frequency

GHz, 6.425-

GHz

13.25 GHz

GHz

GHz

Range

7.1 GHz

Tx/Rx

240, 252.04,

119, 154,

500, 520,

266 MHz

315, 420,

1010, 1560

Spacing

260, 266,

161, 168,

530,490

475, 728

MHz

340

MHz

182, 196,

MHz

MHz

 

245, 311.32

MHz

RF Channel

28

MHz

28 MHz

28, 30, 40 MHz

28 MHz

28 MHz

27.5, 40

Spacing

MHz

23-38 GHz

Specification

23 GHz

26 GHz

28 GHz

32 GHz

38 GHz

Standards

FCC, ETSI

ETSI

FCC, ETSI,

ETSI

ETSI, FCC

Canada

Operating

21.2-23.6 GHz

24.5-26.5 GHz

LMDS. A1, A2, B, LMCS, ETSI

31.8-33.4 GHz

37-38.4, 38.6-

Frequency

40/37-39.5

Range

 

GHz

Tx/Rx

1008, 1200,

1008 MHz

350-500, 1008

812 MHz

700, 1260

Spacing *

1232 MHz

MHz

MHz

RF Channel

28, 50 MHz

28 MHz

28, 50 MHz

28 MHz

28, 50 MHz

Spacing

* For additional Tx/Rx schemes, please contact your Sagem representative.

All Frequencies

Capacity

116 Mbps (100BaseT+8xE1/T1)

Modulation Type

32 QAM

Frequency Stability

±0.001%

Frequency Source

Synthesizer

RF Channel Selection

Via NMS

System Configs

Non-Protected (1+0, 2+0), Protected (1+1)

Supported Standards

Frequency

Standards

6 GHz

EN 300 234

7 GHz

EN 300 234, ITU-R 385

8 GHz

EN 300 234, ITU-R 386

11

GHz

EN 300 234

13

GHz

EN 300 234

15

GHz

EN 300 234

18

GHz

EN 300 430, CEPT T/R12-03, ITU-R F.595-5

23

GHz

EN 300 198, BAPT 211 ZV 02/23, MPT 1409, CEPT T/R13-02, ITU-R REC. F.637-2

26

GHz

EN 300 431, BAPT 211 ZV 11/26, MPT 1420, CEPT T/R13-02, ITU-R REC.748-2

28

GHz

EN 300 431, CEPT T/R13-02, ITU-R REC.748

32

GHz

EN 300 197, ITU-R REC. 746

38

GHz

EN 300 197, BAPT 211 ZV 12/38, MPT 1714, CEPT T/R12-01, ITU-R REC.749

2.3.2 - Radio

155 Mbit/s, 128 QAM, Single Carrier

6-18 GHz

Specification

6 GHz

7/8 GHz

11

GHz

13

GHz

15

GHz

18 GHz

Transmit Power *

26

dBm

24 dBm

20

dBm

18

dBm

18

dBm

17

dBm

Tx Attenuation

25

dB

25 dB

25

dB

25

dB

25

dB

25

dB

Range

         

Receiver Sensitivity (BER=10 -6 )

-68 dBm

-68 dBm

-68 dBm

-68 dBm

-68 dBm

-68 dBm

23-38 GHz

Specification

23 GHz

26 GHz

28

GHz

32

GHz

38

GHz

 

Transmit Power * 16 QAM/128 QAM

17

dBm

17

dBm

17

dBm **

15

dBm

15

dBm

Tx Attenuation

25

dB

30/25 dB

30/25 dB

25

dB

25

dB

Range

     

Receiver Sensitivity (BER=10 -6 )

-67 dBm

-67 dBm

-67 dBm **

-67 dBm

-66 dBm

All Frequencies

Receiver Overload (BER=10 -6 )

Better than -20 dBm

Unfaded BER

Less than 10 -13

* Transmit power must not be set to any value higher than that specified in the tables. ** For LMDS B channel, power is 14 dBm and the receiver sensitivity level is -62 dBm.

311 Mbit/s, 128/256 QAM, Single Carrier

18-38 GHz

Specification

18 GHz

23 GHz

26 GHz

28

GHz

38 GHz

Transmit Power *

17/- dBm

17/17 dBm

17/- dBm

17/17 dBm **

17/15 dBm

128

QAM/256 QAM

Tx Attenuation Range 128/256 QAM

25 dB

25 dB

25 dB

25

dB

25 dB

Receiver Sensitivity (BER=10 -6 )

-65/- dBm

-64/-61 dBm

-64/- dBm

-64/-61 dBm **

-63/-60 dBm

128

QAM/256 QAM

All Frequencies

Receiver Overload (BER=10 -6 )

Better than -20 dBm

Unfaded BER

Less than 10 -13

* Transmit power must not be set to any value higher than that specified in the tables.

116 Mbit/s, 32 QAM, Single Carrier

6-18 GHz

 

Specification

6 GHz

7/8 GHz

11

GHz

13

GHz

15

GHz

18 GHz

Transmit Power *

26

dBm

26

dBm

20

dBm

20

dBm

20

dBm

20

dBm

32

QAM

           

Tx Attenuation Range

30

dB

30

dB

30

dB

30

dB

30

dB

30

dB

32

QAM

           

Receiver Sensitivity (BER=10 -6 ) 32 QAM

-74 dBm

-74 dBm

-74 dBm

-74 dBm

-74 dBm

-74 dBm

23-38 GHz

 
 

Specification

23 GHz

26 GHz

28

GHz

32

GHz

38

GHz

 

Transmit Power *

20

dBm

20

dBm

20

dBm **

-

15

dBm

32

QAM

       

Tx Attenuation Range

30

dB

30

dB

30

dB

30

dB

30

dB

32

QAM

         

Receiver Sensitivity (BER=10 -6 ) 32 QAM

-73 dBm

-73 dBm

-73 dBm **

-

-72 dBm

All Frequencies

Receiver Overload (BER=10 -6 )

Better than -20 dBm

Unfaded BER

Less than 10 -13

* Transmit power must not be set to any value higher than that specified in the tables.

** For LMDS B channel, power is 14 dBm and the receiver sensitivity level is -62 dBm.

2.3.3 - Antenna 6-18 GHz

Specification

6 GHz

7/8 GHz

11

GHz

13

GHz

15

GHz

18 GHz

1 Ft Gain

--

--

--

29.2

dBi

31.9

dBi

33.5

dBi

2 Ft Gain

--

30.1

dBi

--

35.5

dBi

36.6

dBi

38.5

dBi

3 Ft Gain

--

--

--

37.8

dBi

38.9

dBi

42 dBi

4/6 Ft Gain

39.3

dBi

36.4

/ 40.2 dBi

40.5/43.6

41.5/45 dBi

42.6/46 dBi

44.5/48 dBi

   

dBi

8

Ft Gain

41.9

dBi

42.9

dBi

--

--

--

--

 

10

Ft Gain

43.3

dBi

44.8

dBi

--

--

--

--

 

12

Ft Gain

45.2

dBi

46.3

dBi

--

--

--

--

 

15

Ft Gain

46.9

dBi

48.2

dBi

--

--

--

--

23-38 GHz

 

Specification

23 GHz

 

26 GHz

28

GHz

32

GHz

38

GHz

 

1

Ft Gain

35

dBi

36

dBi

36.6

dBi

37

dBi

39

dBi

2

Ft Gain

40

dBi

41

dBi

41.5

dBi

42

dBi

44

dBi

3

Ft Gain

43.5

dBi

44.5

dBi

--

--

--

4/6 Ft Gain

46/49.5 dBi

47/- dBi

--

--

--

All Frequencies

Polarization

Vertical or Horizontal

Standard Mounting

48 mm-114 mm/1.9-4.5(subject to vendor and antenna size)

OD Pole

High Performance

ETSI class 2, 3

2.3.4 - Media Device (Antenna Mount) Losses

 

Installation Type

   

Losses (dB)

 

Configuration

Mediation Device

Antenna

Path

6-8

11

13-15

18-38

GHz

GHz

GHz

GHz

STM1

Direct Mount

Sagem interface

Single Polarization - Sagem Interface

-

N/A

0.4

0.6

1

STM1

Remote Mount

SORAM

Single Polarization – Standard Interface

-

1

1.4

3.2

4

       

Main-Main

N/A

N/A

4

4.4

STM1

Protected

POSAM

Single Polarization - Sagem Interface

Main - Secondary

N/A

N/A

8.9

9.3

Direct Mount

Secondary

N/A

N/A

13.8

14.2

Secondary

       

Main-Main

4.2

4.6

6.4

7.4

STM1

Protected

PORAM

Single Polarization – Standard Interface

Main - Secondary

9.6

10

11.3

12.3

Remote Mount

Secondary

15

15.8

16.2

17.2

Secondary

STM2

Direct Mount

1/2 QOSAM

Single Polarization - Sagem Interface

-

N/A

N/A

   

STM2

Remote Mount

1/2 QORAM

Single Polarization – Standard Interface

-

9.6

10

11.3

11

STM4

Remote Mount

QORAM

Dual Polarization – Standard Interface

-

9.6

10

11.3

11

Dual Pol.

Direct Mount

DOSAM

Dual Polarization – Sagem interface

-

N/A

N/A

1.1

1.3

   

DORAM

           

Dual Pol.

Remote Mount

2*SORAM

Dual Polarization – Standard Interface

-

1

1.4

3.2

4

     

F1 – F1

2.1

N/A

N/A

N/A

Frequency Diversity

Circulator

Single Polarization – Standard Interface

F2 – F2

2.6

N/A

N/A

N/A

Note: The numbers above are typical losses per link.

Item

 

Loss (dB)

 

6-8 GHz

11 GHz

13-15 GHz

18-38 GHz

Flex twist

0.5

0.5

1.2

1.5

Coupler Main

1.6

1.6

1.6

1.7

Coupler

       

Secondary

6.5

6.5

6.5

6.6

Tube

NA

0.2

0.4

0.5

Magic T

NA

NA

NA

3.5

Circulator

0.2

NA

NA

NA

Note: The numbers above are typical losses per component.

2.3.5

- Payload

100-622.02 Mbit/s Main Channel

Payload Types

SONET: OC-3/STS-3, OC-3C/STS-3C SDH: STM-1 ATM: ATM over SONET/SDH IP: Ethernet TDM: E3, DS3, E1, T1

Interface Modules

STM-1/OC-3: Electrical - CMI/1.0-2.3, Optical - SM/MM Fast Ethernet: 100BaseT TDM : 8xE1 unbalanced

Common Interface Combination

Fast Ethernet + 8xE1

Compatible

ITU-T G.703, G.707, G.783, G.823, G.957, G.958, ITU-T I.432, ATM Forum, ETSI ETS 300 147, ETS 300 417, ANSI T1.105, ANSI T1.102-1993, Bellcore GR-253- core, TR-NWT-000499

Standards

1544 / 2048 Kbit/s Wayside Channel *

Available Interfaces

T1, E1, Ethernet bridge 10BaseT

2.3.6 - Protection

Protection Methods

1+1, HSB, space/frequency diversity, hitless/errorless switching, 2+2 HSB

2.3.7 - Network Management, Diagnostics, Status, and Alarms

Type

SNMP, in compliance with RFC 1213, RFC 1595 (SONET MIB)

Local or Remote NMS Station

IONOS NMS, LinkPilot with advanced GUI for Windows 2000/XP

NMS Interface

Ethernet bridge 10Base-T, RS-232 (PPP, SLIP), built-in Ethernet hub

Local Configuration and Monitoring

Standard ASCII terminal, serial RS-232

In-Band

Uses standard embedded communications channel, dual port built-in Ethernet hub

Management

TMN

Sagem NMS functions are in accordance with ITU-T recommendations for TMN

External Alarms

5 Inputs, TTL-level or contact closure to ground, 3 outputs, Form C contacts, software configurable

RSL Indication *

Accurate power reading (dBm) available at IDU, ODU, and NMS

Performance

Integral with onboard memory per ITU-TG.826

Monitoring

* The voltage at the ODU TNC port is not accurate and should be used only as an aid.

2.3.8

- Environment

Operating Temperature (Guaranteed Performance)

ODU: -35°C to 55°C IDU: -5°C to 45°C

Relative Humidity

ODU: up to 100% (all weather operation) IDU: up to 95% (non-condensing)

Altitude

Up to 4,500 m (15,000 ft)

2.3.9 - Power Input

Standard Input

-48 VDC

DC Input range

-40.5 to -72 VDC

Optional Input

110-220 VAC

2.3.10 - Power Consumption

Maximum ODU Power Consumption

For 1+0: 40W For 1+1: 63W

Maximum IDU Power Consumption

For 1+0: 35W For 1+1/2+0: 60W

2.3.11 - Mechanical

ODU

25 cm diameter x 23 cm depth (10diameter x 9depth)

Weight: 8 kg

IDU

4.3 cm height x 43.2 cm width x 24 cm depth (1.7x 17x 9.4)

Weight: 3 kg

IDU-ODU Coaxial Cable *

RG-223 (100 m/300 ft), Belden 9914/RG-8 (300 m/1000 ft) or equivalent, N-type connectors (male)

* Double-shielded cable is recommended to avoid IF interference from external transmission systems.

Chapter 3

3.1 - General

Installation

This chapter explains how to install and set up the SAGEM-LINK A system.

For best results, perform all operations in the sequence in which they are presented in this chapter.

Note: Instructions regarding ODU installation for a 6, 7, or 8 GHz system are provided in the section ODU Installation for SAGEM-LINK A 6/7/8 GHz, at the end of this chapter.

3.2 - Unpacking Equipment

SAGEM-LINK A is shipped in 5 crates. Upon delivery, make sure that the following items are included:

Two indoor units and accessories

Two outdoor units

Two antennas and pole mounts