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Patient Education Teaching Plans Sickle Cell Disease

Prepared by: Dorothy I. Onyemah Teaching Plan: Sickle Cell Disease Date:

A=Audiovisual

D=Demonstration

E=Explanation

H=Handout R=Role Play

Patient Education Teaching Plans Sickle Cell Disease


Prepared by: Dorothy I. Onyemah Teaching Plan: Sickle Cell Disease Date:

OUTCOME CRITERIA Objective: What outcome do you expect for the child based on your teaching? Client should verbalize level of knowledge of sickle cell disease

CONTENT Exactly what information will you teach to achieve the desired outcome.

TEACHING METHODS / AIDES Techniques used to teach, visuals, hands-on practice, etc. Be creative. See above key for some ideas. Be specific. This could be done by asking questions that will allow client to fully explain what sickle cell disease mean. Also, a simple questionnaire can be used as well. The teaching is for the newly diagnosed patients and the parents. It will involve various learning materials depending on the educational level of the family. However, tools such as audiovisual, handouts, demonstrations and explanation will be utilized in the teaching.

Present an open-end question to assess clients knowledge of the sickle cell disease.

Client and family should know and explain the sickle cell disease process in other to be able to manage it, and participate in prescribed interventions.

Explain to the patient and family what sickle cell anemia is, the etiology and pathophysiology. Etiology: It is an inherited blood disorder characterized by defective hemoglobin (a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen to the tissues of the body). Pathophysiology: Sickle cell disease involves the red blood cells, or hemoglobin, and their ability to carry oxygen. Normal hemoglobin cells are smooth, round, and flexible, like the letter "O," so they can move through the vessels in our bodies easily. Sickle cell hemoglobin cells are stiff and sticky, and form into the shape of a sickle, or the letter "C," when they lose their oxygen. These sickle cells tend to cluster together, and cannot easily move through the blood vessels. The cluster causes a blockage and stops the movement of healthy, normal oxygen-carrying blood. This blockage is what causes the painful and damaging complications of sickle cell disease. While normal red blood cells live 120 days, the sickle cells could live only 15 days. Explain the variations of sickle cell gene such as the sickle cell trait, the disease, anemia, hemoglobin-C, hemoglobin-E, and S-bet- thalassemia. They all manifest with the same symptoms, but the Hbss is the most severe. Present the various symptoms of sickle cell disease such as anemia, pain crisis, acute chest syndrome, splenic sequestration, stroke, and jaundice.

Patient Education Teaching Plans Sickle Cell Disease


Prepared by: Dorothy I. Onyemah Teaching Plan: Sickle Cell Disease Date:

Reviewed by MD: Pharmacy: Physical Therapy: Occupational Therapy: Respiratory Therapy: RN: Nutrition:

Date Reviewed