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Potential Question (a) (b) (c) (d) Distinguish the differences between accuracy and precision.

What is the main difference between plane survey and geodetic survey? Briefly discuss THREE (3) characteristics of contours. Convert the following Quadrant Bearings into Whole Circle Bearings ; N 40° 30’ 20’’ E S 75° 15’ 45’’ E S 39° 18’ 17’’ E N 64° 59’ 58’’W (e) A five stations closed traverse with the following angles and distances: Angle A = 38030’ B = 100038’ C = 149050’ D = 85059’ E = 165003’ Distance AB = 371.006m BC = 110.222m CD = 139.872m DE = 103.119m EA = 319.860m

Side AB has an azimuth of 306031’. With the above information, answer the following questions:

(a) (b) (c) (d) •

Sketch the closed traverse Perform a check for angular closure Compute the azimuths for all sides Compute the coordinates for all stations

(3 marks) (3 marks) (5 marks) (5 marks)

Note : Azimuth means the WCB

610m at point B. adjust the level of each station. Can this survey work be accepted based on distance and level classification? If this survey work were acceptable. The level is then moved to point B and set up so that the eyepiece end of the telescope is just touching the staff as it is held plumb on the staff. Determine (to three decimal places): (a) (b) (c) (d) the tangent length.699m was sighted on staff at point A. . Given the QB of MI is S 5° 00° 00° E and QB for NI is S 40° 00° 00° W.725m and it is 1. If the level at station TBM is 16. the running chainages of the two tangent points. The staff reading at point A is 2. They are to be joined by a circular curve of 500 m radius.000 m. Calculate the data for setting out the curve by 20 m standard chords.(a) (b) Plot a longitudinal cross section based on the above data. the length of the circular curve forming part of the through road.000m. Indicate the BS. IS and FS on each and every station.493 and the distance between the level and each station is 25.593m is taken on the rod at B while 2. (g) A level is set up midway between two points that are about 60m apart. A reading of 1. T1 and T2 the setting out information to enable the circular curve to be set out at 20 m intervals of through chainage using one theodolite and a steel tape by the method of deflection angles. Show the arithmetic checking. Tolerance on maximum closure = 12 m m k (c) (f) The chainage of intersection point I is two straights is 197. Transfer all the given data into a standard form of booking and calculate the reduced level for TBM with height of plane collimation method.

the line collimation is depressed by 0.699 – 1. what is the reading would have been observed at A from the second set up? What is the line-of-sight error in 60m and express it as an angle of elevation or depression? Answer a) True difference in between level AB = 2.115m Apparent difference in between Level AB = 2.725 -1.106 Since the apparent difference > true difference. Study the tachometry from the notes.67 Angle of depression = 0.593 = 1. .115 (c) Line of sight error = 1/6666.009m over 60m (b) The corrected reading at B = 2.593 + 1.(a) (b) (c) What is the correct difference in elevation between point A and point B? If the level had been perfect adjustment.009 over 60m = 31” • • Study also how to calculate area using total coordinate method and double longitude method based on the notes.708m = 1.610 = 1.