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Do not write on

this sheet!

For questions 1 to 8 choose the correct word from the


Substance
brackets to make each sentence correct

1. Salt dissolves in water so the mixture is


(soluble/clear/insoluble) after shaking.
2. We say salt is (soluble/clear/insoluble) in water. Water
Clear
3. Sand does not dissolve in water. We say it is
(soluble/clear/insoluble).
4. A liquid that can dissolve another substance is called
a (solvent/solution/solute).
Substance Shake
5. A substance that can dissolve in a liquid is called a
(filtrate/solvent/solution/solute).
6. The warmer a cup of tea is, the more sugar will be able to dissolve in it. We say that the
warmer the tea, the greater the (speed/solubility/saturation) of the sugar.
7. If no more sugar can be dissolved in a cup of water, then the solution is said to be
(soluble/full/residue/saturated)
8. If a mixture of chalk and water is filtered using a filter paper and funnel, the clear water
that passes through the paper is known as the (residue/solute/filtrate).

9. If 30 grams of salt are dissolved into 120 grams of water to make a salt solution, how
much will the salt solution weigh (in grams)?
10. Without using the word "dissolved" in your answer, describe what has happened to the
salt particles in question 9.

11. Water is not a solvent for grease. This means that grease is …..
A insoluble in water B soluble in water
C insoluble in anything except water D insoluble in any liquid

12. Which statement is wrong?


A sugar is soluble in water B sugar dissolves in water
C sugar is the solute in a sugar solution D sugar melts in water

13. The box contains the names of substances you find in the kitchen. Choose the three
which are soluble in water.
sugar salt jelly rice flour tea leaves .

Complete the sentences to answer questions 14 to 17 using words from the box

distillationchromatography evaporation filtration .

14. To separate the colours in ink we use a process called ____________ .


15. To get clear water from salt solution we use a process called ___________ .
16. To get clear water from muddy water we use a process called ______________.
17. To get salt crystals from salt solution we use a process called ___________.
18. Put the following sentences in order to describe how you would get pure salt from rock
salt (a mixture of salt and sand).
A We would add hot water to the mixture and stir with a stirring rod.
B We would crush up the rock salt with a mortar and pestle.
C We would gently warm the filtrate in an evaporating basin.
D We would carefully filter the mixture using a funnel and filter paper.

19. Which one of the following (A, B, C, or D) describes the process of distillation?
A evaporation followed by condensation B condensation followed by evaporation
C evaporation followed by crystallisation D condensation followed by boiling
This diagram shows the results of a
chromatography experiment to identify an unknown
ink mixture.
20. What would be a suitable solvent for this
experiment?
21. Why do the inks move upwards?
22. Which of inks 1,2,3 and 4 is the ink mixture
made up from?

The diagram shows some apparatus used for


the distillation of inky water.
23. Which label on the diagram shows where
the inky water is? (A, B, C, D or E)?
24. Which label shows where there is pure
water?
25. Which label shows where condensation is
happening?
26. Describe what there is in the round bottom flask at position B.

A pupil measures how much sugar will dissolve in water at different temperatures. These are
her results.

Temperature (oC) 0 20 40 60 80
Amount of sugar that will 14 20 29 40 56
dissolve (g)

27. At which temperature did the most sugar dissolve?


28. Describe one thing the pupil must have done to ensure this was a fair test.
29. What could the pupil do to be sure these results were reliable?
30. Describe the relationship between the temperature of the water and the amount of
sugar that will dissolve.

Now go back and check your work to make sure you haven’t made any silly mistakes.