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Name ______________________ Tutor Group _________

For questions 1 to 8 circle the correct word from the brackets to make each
sentence correct
1. Salt dissolves in water so the Substance

mixture is (soluble/clear/insoluble)
after shaking.
2. We say salt is Water
Clear
(soluble/clear/insoluble) in water.
3. Sand does not dissolve in water. We
say it is (soluble/clear/insoluble). Substance Shake

4. A liquid that can dissolve another substance is called a


(solvent/solution/solute).
5. A substance that can dissolve in a liquid is called a
(filtrate/solvent/solution/solute).
6. The warmer a cup of tea is, the more sugar will be able to dissolve in it. We say
that the warmer the tea, the greater the (speed/solubility/saturation) of the
sugar.
7. If no more sugar can be dissolved in a cup of water, then the solution is said to
be (soluble/full/residue/saturated).
8. If a mixture of chalk and water is filtered using a filter paper and funnel, the
clear water that passes through the paper is known as the
(residue/solute/filtrate).
9. If 30 grams of salt are dissolved into 120 grams of water to make a salt

solution, how much will the salt solution weigh (in grams)? ________________

10. Without using the word "dissolved" in your answer, describe what has happened

to the salt particles in question 9.__________________________________

_____________________________________________________________
11. Water is not a solvent for grease. This means that grease is …..

(circle the correct answer).

A insoluble in water B soluble in water

C insoluble in anything except water D insoluble in any liquid

12. Which statement is wrong? (circle your answer).

A sugar is soluble in water B sugar dissolves in water

C sugar is the solute in a sugar solution D sugar melts in water

13. The box contains the names of substances you find in the kitchen.

Circle the three that are soluble in water.

sugar salt jelly rice flour tea

leaves

Complete the sentences to answer questions 14 to 16 using the words from the box.

distillation chromatography evaporation filtration .

14. To separate the colours in ink we use a process called ____________________

15. To get clear water from salt solution we use a process called _______________

16. To get clear water from muddy water we use a process called ______________.

17. To get salt crystals from salt solution we use a process called _______________.

18. Put the following sentences in order to describe how you would get pure salt
from rock salt (a mixture of salt and sand).

A) We would add hot water to the mixture and stir with a stirring rod.

B) We would crush up the rock salt with a mortar and pestle

C) We would gently warm the filtrate in an evaporating basin.

D) We would carefully filter the mixture using a funnel and filter paper

1st __________ 2nd __________ 3rd ____________ 4th___________


Which one of the following (A, B, C, or D) describes the process of

distillation? Circle the correct answer.

A evaporation followed by condensation

B condensation followed by evaporation

C evaporation followed by crystallisation

D condensation followed by boiling

This diagram shows the results of Level reached


by solvent front

a chromatography experiment to

identify an unknown ink mixture.

Five different ink dots are drawn

on the base line. Answer the


Baseline
questions 20 to 22. Ink mixture Ink Ink Ink Ink
1 2 3 4

19. What would be a suitable solvent for this experiment?

__________________________________________________

21. Why do the ink dots move upwards? _________________________________

____________________________________________________________

20. Which of inks 1,2,3 and 4 is the ink mixture made up from?

____________________________________________________________
The diagram shows some apparatus used for the distillation of inky water.
For questions 23-25 circle the correct answer.

23. Which label on the diagram shows


where the inky water is?
A B C D E

24. Which label shows where there is


pure water?
A B C D E

25. Which label shows where


condensation is happening?
A B C D E

26. Describe what there is in the round


bottom flask at position B. _____________________________________

A pupil measures how much sugar will dissolve in water at different


temperatures. These are her results.

Temperature (oC) 0 20 40 60 80
Amount of sugar that 14 20 29 40 56
will dissolve (g)

27. At which temperature did the most sugar dissolve? ______________

28. Describe one thing the pupil must have done to ensure this was a fair test.

______________________________________________________________

29. What could the pupil do to be sure these results were reliable?

______________________________________________________________

30. Describe the relationship between the temperature of the water and the

amount of sugar that will dissolve. __________________________________

___________________________________________________________

Well done!
Now go back and check your work to make sure you haven’t made any silly mistakes.