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Scissors, vertical, boom and material lifts

Presentation created by Robert Grieshaber and Sue Kerns for use at: Univ. of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Physical Plant Services PO Box 413 Milwaukee, WI 53201 USA (414) 229-4742 (414) 229-4576 v. May 2009

University Safety & Assurances www.pps.edu

Topics of Discussion
Training Required Regulations Types Hazards Controls Prohibitions and Precautions
Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Aerial Lifts
Lifts are a better way to reach overhead areas and are safer than ladders; however, safety precautions must be followed.

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Training
Staff and students using forklifts, mechanical lifts or powered platforms must receive basic operational and safety training prior to use. This includes proper use and limitations of the equipment.

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Regulations
OSHAs aerial lift regulations cover: Aerial Lifts Elevated Platforms Powered Industrial Trucks (forklifts) Cranes and Derricks

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Types of Lifts

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Forklifts

Stationary Push type Self Propelled Electric, Gas or Diesel

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Scissor Lifts
Push Type Self Propelled Electric, Gas or Diesel

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Articulating Boom Aerial Lift Types


Trailer-Mounted Truck-Mounted

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Telescopic Boom Aerial Lift


Push Type Self Propelled Electric, Gas or Diesel Truck Mounted

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Forklifts

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Cranes
Fixed Gantry Hydraulic Lattice Boom Telescopic

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Combinations Elevated Platforms

Other

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Articulating Boom Aerial Lift Types


A self-propelled, integral frame, boom supported platform which telescopes & rotates beyond the base dimensions to position personnel along with their tools and necessary materials at overhead work locations.
Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Fork-truck work platform


We have a fork-truck work platform at the Univ. Services Building (USB). Since the platform has a standard railing system, tying-off is not required as long as your body stays within the confines of the railings. Except for vertical positioning, the truck must not be relocated while a person is in the platform.

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Specific Hazards

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Specific Hazards
There are specific hazards associated with operating aerial platforms. These hazards are:
Fall Hazards Tip-Over Hazards Collision Hazards Electrocution Hazards

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Specific Hazards --Fall Hazards


Aerial Lifts
(Articulating & Telescoping Boom Lifts)

Fall protection is required due to potential for being bounced out of lift and to keep worker from climbing out of the basket.

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Specific Hazards Fall Hazards


Any occupant of a self-propelled boom must wear fall protection (body
harness and shockabsorbing lanyard.)

Do not sit, stand or climb on the platform guardrails Do not climb out of the platform when it is raised.
Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Specific Hazards Tip Over Hazards


Do not exceed the rated platform capacity Platform is intended to be elevated on a firm, level surface unless equipped with outriggers Do not operate in strong or gusty winds

Aftermath of Miller Park Big Blue crane collapse.

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Specific Hazards --Tip Over Hazards


Do not drive near drop-offs, holes, or loading docks. Do not raise platform on uneven or soft surfaces. Do not drive onto uneven or soft surfaces when elevated. Do not raise platform on slope or drive onto slope when elevated.
Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Special Hazards Tip Over Hazards


Cribbing under wheels to prevent sinking into wet soil.

UWM rental Genie S-60 (Dec. 2008, for gutter clean out at Hefter Conference Center)

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Miller Park Crane Collapse 1999

Source: Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel web site


Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Miller Park Crane Collapse 1999


July 14, 1999 3 Dead Significant project delay and costoverruns.

Photo: Aftermath of Miller Park Big Blue crane collapse

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Specific Hazards Tip Over Hazards


Do not place or attach overhead loads to any part of the platform Do not place ladders or scaffolds in the platform
Photo: Aftermath of Miller Park Big Blue crane collapse

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Specific Hazards -- Collision


These include hazards to the aerial platform & surrounding areas as well as personnel collisions that result in injury. Check work area for obstructions or other hazards Do not lower the platform unless the area below is clear of personnel & obstructions Limit travel speed according to condition of ground surface, congestion, slope, location of personnel Be aware of blind spots
Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Specific Hazards -- Electrocution


Minimum Safe Approach Distance
Operations manual and decal on lift should provide information on safe distance to maintain when working near electrical apparatus Assume all electrical parts and wires are energized unless known otherwise.

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Specific Hazards -- Electrocution


Maintain safe clearances from electrical power lines and apparatus You must allow for platform sway, rock, or sag This work platform does not provide protection from contact with or proximity to an electrically charged conductor

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Special Hazards: Battery Charging


Charge batteries only in well-ventilated areas Lead-acid batteries contain sulfuric acid which will damage eyes or skin on contact Wear eye/face protection, protective gloves and clothing for battery maintenance

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Controls
Requires specialized training Follow manufacture rs instructions Routine inspections Periodic inspections Hands on experience

UW-Milwaukee Workforce Boom Lift training, Nov. 2002 (unit retired from service).

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Precautions and Prohibitions

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Precautions
Check the following:
Outriggers, stabilizers and extending axles Upper and lower control stations including auxiliary/emergency controls. Platform handrails and gates. Level gauge (as shown in photo)

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Precautions
Operators must:
Keep work surfaces and elevating mechanisms clean and clear of debris. Before attempting to clean a machine, lower the platform to the stowed position and turn off the engine. Clean steps, railings, ladders, and platform floor. Remove grease or oil. Replace antiskid tape or paint, as required. Rememberslippery surfaces can be hazardous. Remove or put away tools, ropes and hooks. Remember-loose items on the floor could cause an accident.

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Precautions
CHECK AT GROUND OR FLOOR LEVEL: Inspect the surface on which you will be working. Look for holes, obstacles, drop-offs, rough spots, and weak spots on covers on ramps or floors. Look for oil spills, wet spots, slippery surfaces, soft soil or standing water. Watch for anything that may make you lose control or cause the platform to tip over. Clear away all debris, and make sure all passages are clear.

UWM Hefter Center (Nov. 2008): Equipment on soft soil, with cribbing under wheels.

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Precautions
Operators must:
Think about how you will approach the area, and where you will place your machine for proper lift clearance. Lock out the controls of any overhead bridge or crane that the boom may cross the path of. Check clearances of doorways, canopies, and power lines, also check clearances when transporting the platform on a truck or trailer.
Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Make the Right Start


Know rated workload of your machine and never exceed it Know weight of all personnel, tools and other items placed on the platform Disperse load evenly before raising the platform

Do not carry materials on railings unless approved for that purpose Aerial platform must be on a firm, flat, smooth and level surface when platform is raised

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Proper Mounting
Use 3-point contact Always face the machine Use handrails, ladders or steps Never grasp control levers when mounting or climbing off Never walk or climb the elevating assembly to gain access to an elevated platform Check that all handrails, toeboards, gates and entry chains are in place and secured before raising the platform Enter and exit the platform from the ground only

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Test the Controls


After starting, recheck all gauges and lights Check audible and visible alarms Check control functions, including emergency stop mechanism Recheck steering, right and left

Move slowly until you are certain everything is operating properly Be certain you have full travel & automatic brake control Be sure you can lower elevated platform

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Safe Operating Practices

Only designated operator should operate controls Never jam an operating control from one travel direction to another. Return to neutral, stop, then proceed in the other direction

Avoid sudden stops, starts or changes in direction Never attempt to work controls except from operators control station or lower control station

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Watch Out for Others

Never allow an unqualified or unauthorized person to operate lift Keep everyone clear of a working platform Never permit anyone to stand or pass under a raised platform

Never drive an aerial platform up to someone standing in front of a fixed object Never move or position any park of a machine over another person

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Work Safely

When platform has been raised to working position, be cautious to prevent any object from striking or interfering with operating controls. Secure all tools, equipment or other materials

Keep ropes, electrical cords and hoses coiled and stowed away when not in use Keep platform floor clear of debris and loose objects which might cause you to slip

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Work Safely
Never use ladders, planks, steps or other devices to provide additional reach or gain greater height Do not lean over or sit or climb on the platform railing Always keep both feet on platform floor at all times Never belt off to adjacent structure when working on platform Never allow anyone to tamper with, service or operate a machine from lower control station while personnel are in the platform except in an emergency

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Operator Checklist
1. Operating & emergency controls 2. Safety devices 3. Personal protective devices 4. Tires & wheels 5. Air, hydraulic & fuel system for leaks 6. Loose or missing parts 7. Cable and wiring harness 8. Placards, warnings, control markings & operating manual 9. Guardrail system 10. Battery fluid level 11. Hydraulic reservoir level 12. Coolant level
Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Pallet Jacks
Before picking up load make sure forks are lowered, squared & wide enough to provide good support Move under load as far as possible & make sure load is centered & stable before lifting Raise load steadily and slowly When forks are raised, machine is less stable

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Walkie-Rider Pallet Jacks


Position yourself so you have the best visibility either forward or backward All body parts must be within the boundaries of the vehicle Face the direction in which you are traveling Always keep at least one hand on the controls Watch your speed Allow for wide-swings around corners

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Prohibitions
Do not overload Do not use without railings & entry gate in place Do not use if work platform is not working or parts are damaged Do not use near moving vehicles Do not stand or sit on guardrails Do not use under the influence of alcohol or drugs Do not override safety devices Do not leave unattended with key in switch Do not use ladder or other device to increase size or working height Do not use with damaged wheels or tires or improperly inflated tires
Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Fall Protection

Scissors Lifts

(SKYJACK Mobile Elevating Work Platform)

Personal fall protection (i.e., tying off) normally isnt necessary on vertical lifts unless the work extends beyond the railing.
Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Precautions and Prohibitions

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Whats Wrong in This Picture?

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Whats Wrong in This Picture?


Personal Fall Protection (harness, lanyard, anchorage) is normally NOT required in a vertical or scissor lift as long as the guardrails are in place. If personal fall protection is required at the job, tie off to the manufacturer's tie-off points, NOT the guardrails as pictured

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

UW-Madison circa. 2006

Whats Wrong in this Picture?

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Union Lamping 2007


JLG E450A high lift, UWM Student Union, Jan. 2007

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Union Lamping 2007


JLG E450A high lift, UWM Student Union, Jan. 2007, notice the

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Klotsche Center Lift


2001 SOP for accessing Klotsche gymnasium HVAC platforms, before the catwalk system.

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

UW-Milwaukee equipment

UWM Klotsche JLG 3246ES (Dec. 2008)

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

presentation

UWM Klotsche JLG 3246ES (Dec. 2008)


Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

UWM Klotsche JLG 3246ES (Dec. 2008)

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

UWM Klotsche JLG 3246ES (Dec. 2008)

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

UWM Klotsche JLG 3246ES (Dec. 2008)


Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

UWM rental units Genie S-60 and S-40 (Dec. 2008)

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

UWM rental Genie S-60 at Hefter Conference Center for gutter cleaning, Nov. 2008
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UWM rental units Genie S-60 control panel on power unit (Dec. 2008)
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UWM rental unit Genie S-60 precautionary label (Dec. 2008)

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UWM rental unit Genie S-60 DANGER label (Dec. 2008)

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

Consider including these photos in presentation (as of Dec. 2008)

UWM rental unit Genie S-40 control panel (Dec. 2008)


Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009

UWM rental unit Genie S-40 precautionary labels (Dec. 2008)

Univ. of Wisc.-Milwaukee, Physical Plant Services, v. 5/2009