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FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION

FLIGHT OPERATIONS, SIMULATION, and ANALYSIS BRANCH, AFS-440 Oklahoma City, OK, USA

November 12, 2003


Dr. David N. Lankford (FAA/AFS-440) Shahar Ladecky (ATSI)

Airspace Simulation and Analysis for TERPS (Terminal Procedures) Dr. David N. Lankford

What is ASAT?

A multifaceted computer tool for aviation related simulations and safety evaluations

Partnerships with Industry & Government


(1)

q q q

q q

NASA (AILS, AVOSS, SATS) Boeing (Aircraft models) Bell, Sikorsky (and Eurocopter) (Helicopter models) Smiths (FMS software) Air Traffic Simulation, Inc (simulation software & automation tools)

Partnerships with Industry & Government


(2)

University of Central Oklahoma (Research programs) q University of Oklahoma (GPS flight tests) q Airlines (American, Continental, United, Delta, etc.) q Airports (SFO, DFW/DAL, ORD, etc.) q FAA (AVN, AT, AND, ASY, ASC, etc.)
q

What has ASAT been used for?

ASAT Projects
q q q q q q q q q q q

MPAP (PRM) St. Louis San Francisco Philadelphia DFW/Dallas Juneau John F. Kennedy Denver Newark Boston Detroit

q q q q q q q q q q q q

SOIA 250 Kts Departures Ghosting (CRDA) FMS/MA AILS (NASA) Wake Vortex GPS/WAAS/LAAS RNP/RNAV OFZ/NLA LAHSO Cleveland Others (many)

ASAT technical presentation.

Shahar Ladecky, ATSI

How does ASAT do it? (1)


ASAT consists of various high fidelity models representing each component of given real life scenarios such as:
qAircraft
sFlight

Dynamics sPropulsion/Performance sWake Turbulence (AVOSS) sOn board Avionics

How does ASAT do it? (2)


qGeographical/Geodetic
sDigital

Terrain Elevation Data (DTED) sObstacles


qEnvironmental
sStandard

Atmosphere sNon-Standard Atmosphere sMeasured Wind and Temperature Gradients Data

How does ASAT do it? (3)


qNavigation

Ground Systems

qSurveillance
sPRM sASR-9 sARSR sTCAS sADS-B

How does ASAT do it? (4)


qHuman
sPilot sATC

Factors

How does ASAT do it? (5)


z

Sample Statistical Variables (only a few are listed!):

     

Human:
Pilot Controller

Operational Procedural Aircraft Performance Environment

How does ASAT do it? (6)


qThe

high-fidelity models use high fidelity data representing a wide range of operational aspects.

How does ASAT do it?


Geog/Geod Environment Aircraft On-Board Systems Geog/Geod Ground Navigation Systems

(7)

Models interact with each other like in real life...


Surveillance ATC Pilot Environment

AVOSS Implementation
WIND Tile # i @ T+T

Tile # i+1 @ T+T Wake @ T Wake @ T+T Wake @ T+T Aircraft Trajectory

Typical AVOSS Tem perature Data


2000

1500 A ltitu d e [F T ]

1000

500

0 22 23 24 25 26 27 Am b ien t T em p eratu re [C ]

T yp ic a l A V O S S C ro ss W in d M o d e l
2 00 0

1 50 0

A ltitu d e [F T ]

1 00 0

5 00

0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14

C ro ss-W in d In ten sity [K TS ]

How does ASAT do it? (7)

and to summarize

ASAT: The Bottom Line...


ASAT will give us an educated answer about: What happens Where does it happen How Much happens How Often it happens and When does it happen

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or in a simple way...
INPUTS: Aircraft (and/or) Flight Simulators Pilots ATC Environment Obstacles Terrain Nav-aids Avionics Others . . .

Metrics (What to Measure?)

ASAT

ANSWER

Operational Scenario

ASAT: Versatile Implementation


ASAT can provide answers in two ways namely;
S S

Deterministic: does a particular event of interest occur? Statistical: what is the probability of an event to occur or

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Risk of Mid-Air Collision (NMAC)


INPUTS: Aircraft (and/or) Flight Simulators Pilots ATC Environment Obstacles Terrain Nav-aids Avionics etc, etc, etc...

Closest Point of Approach (CPA)

Level of Safety ASAT


-?

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Blunder Scenario

Risk of Wake Vortex Encounter


INPUTS: Aircraft (and/or) Flight Simulators Pilots ATC Environment Obstacles Terrain Nav-aids Avionics etc, etc, etc...

Distance Between Wake and Trailing A/C

ASAT

Did Encounter Occur?

Wake Vortex Scenario

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ASAT: A380 Study Case

(1)

ASAT can determine wake vortex encounter geometry and wake vortex strength (). ASATs output has been costomized to facilitate easy data transfer to Airbus VESA analysis tool.

ASAT: A380 Study Case


Distance Between Wake and Trailing A/C

(2)

ASAT Wake data and trailing Aircraft relative geometry

VESA

Wake Vortex Scenario

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ASATAVIA Demonstration
(ASAT-AVOSS-SOIA Tool)

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