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Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering

Project

Environmental CAD Design BOD & Hydraulic Loading Calculations

Course

CE 4014
Calc. Sheet No.

Part of Structure Drawing Ref. Calculations By Checked By

Date

Ref. General Details Current Population

Donal O' Connor Calculations

3/14/2008 Output

= =

1400 people 2080 people

Predicted Population in 20 years Allow for 60g BOD / person / day Allow for 250 l wastewater / person / day Max. BOD Loading Min. BOD Loading = =

(2080 x 0.06) (1400 x 0.06) (2080 x 0.25) (1400 x 0.25)

= = = =

124.8 kg 84 kg 520 m3 350 m3

Max. Hydraulic Loading = Min. Hydraulic Loading =

Calculation of PE in Riversdale Hotels: One bed Non-local workers Meals Sheen Falls Hotel: PEAK Beds Non-local workers Meals Total OFF - PEAK The Hotel closes during off-peak times = = = 50 x 1 4 x 0.4 100 x 0.1 = = = = 50 1.6 10 61.6 P.E. = = = 1 P.E. 0.4 P.E. 0.1 P.E.

Dept Civil Engineering

Page 1

UCC

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering


Project

Environmental CAD Design BOD & Hydraulic Loading Calculations

Course

CE 4014
Calc. Sheet No.

Part of Structure Drawing Ref. Calculations By Checked By

Date

Ref.

Donal O' Connor Calculations

3/14/2008 Output

The Park Hotel: PEAK Beds Non-local workers Meals Total OFF - PEAK Beds Non-local workers Meals Total = = = 12 x 1 0 12 x 0.1 = = = = 12 0 1.2 13.2 P.E. = = = 46 x 1 3 x 0.4 80 x 0.1 = = = = 46 1.2 8 55.2 P.E.

Riversdale House Hotel: PEAK Beds Non-local workers Meals Total OFF - PEAK Beds Non-local workers Meals Total = = = 8x 1 0 8 x 0.1 = = = = = = 8 0 0.8 8.8 P.E. 154 P.E. 22 P.E. = = = 30 x 1 3 x 0.4 60 x 0.1 = = = = 30 1.2 6 37.2 P.E.

Total Max. Total Min.

Guesthouses: Guest-house occupants = = 0.8 P.E. 72 P.E.

Max. occupancy = 90 x 0.8

Dept Civil Engineering

Page 2

UCC

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering


Project

Environmental CAD Design BOD & Hydraulic Loading Calculations

Course

CE 4014
Calc. Sheet No.

Part of Structure Drawing Ref. Calculations By Checked By

Date

Ref.

Donal O' Connor Calculations Min. occupancy = 10 x 0.8 =

3/14/2008 Output 8 P.E.

Restaurants: Meals Mulcahy's: PEAK Meals OFF - PEAK Meals = 70 x 0.1 = 7 P.E. = 180 x 0.1 = 18 P.E. = 0.1 P.E.

The Old Dutch: PEAK Meals OFF - PEAK The restaurant closes during off-peak times Total Max. Total Min. = = 30 P.E. 7 P.E. = 120 x 0.1 = 12 P.E.

Hospital & Day Care Centre: No. of Hospital beds = 1 bed = Hospital occupants = No. of Hospital staff = No. of Day care children = Day care occupants = Total Max. Total Max. = = 35 2 P.E. 0.4 P.E. 28 30 0.3 P.E. ( 35 x 2 ) + ( 28 x 0.4 ) + ( 30 x 0.3 ) 90.2 P.E.

Dept Civil Engineering

Page 3

UCC

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering


Project

Environmental CAD Design BOD & Hydraulic Loading Calculations

Course

CE 4014
Calc. Sheet No.

Part of Structure Drawing Ref. Calculations By Checked By

Date

Ref. Schools: School children Boys Primary School Girls Primary School Secondary School Total Max. Total Max. = = = = = =

Donal O' Connor Calculations

3/14/2008 Output

0.3 P.E. 200 pupils 220 pupils 620 pupils ( 366 from outside Riversdale ) ( 200 x 0 ) + ( 220 x 0 ) + ( 366 x 0.3 ) 109.8 P.E.

Industrial Estate: Total no. of workers Workers outside town Workers outside town Max. no. of workers Max. no. from outside Total Max. Total Min. = = = = = = = 80 72 0.4 P.E. 300 270 ( 270 x 0.4 ) ( 72 x 0.4 ) = = 108 P.E. 28.8 P.E.

Food Industry: Max. BOD Loading Min. BOD Loading = = 46 kg / day 29.02 kg / day 130 m3 / day 82 m3 / day

Max. Hydraulic Loading = Min. Hydraulic Loading =

Calculation of BOD and Hydraulic Loading in Riversdale Total Max. Total Min. = = 2644 P.E. 1556 P.E.

Allow for 60g BOD / person / day Allow for 250 l wastewater / person / day

Dept Civil Engineering

Page 4

UCC

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering


Project

Environmental CAD Design BOD & Hydraulic Loading Calculations

Course

CE 4014
Calc. Sheet No.

Part of Structure Drawing Ref. Calculations By Checked By

Date

Ref. Max. BOD Loading: = = =

Donal O' Connor Calculations

3/14/2008 Output

( 2644 x 0.06 ) + BOD Loading from Food Industry ( 2644 x 0.06 ) + 46 204.64 kg BOD / day

Min. BOD Loading: = = = ( 1556 x 0.06 ) + BOD Loading from Food Industry ( 1556 x 0.06 ) + 29.02 122.38 kg BOD / day

Max. Hydraulic Loading: = = = ( 2644 x 0.25 ) + Hydraulic Loading from Food Industry ( 2644 x 0.25 ) + 130 791 m3 / day

Min. Hydraulic Loading: = = = ( 1556 x 0.25 ) + Hydraulic Loading from Food Industry ( 1556 x 0.25 ) + 82 471 m3 / day

Table of Results:

Population Hotels Guesthouses Restaurants Hospital Schools Industrial Estate Food Industry Total

BOD Loading kg BOD / day Max. Min. 84.00 124.80 9.24 1.32 4.32 0.48 1.80 0.42 5.41 5.41 6.59 0.00 6.48 1.73 46.00 29.02 204.64 122.38

Hydraulic Loading m3 / day Max. Min. 350.00 520.00 38.50 5.50 18.00 2.00 7.50 1.75 22.55 22.55 27.45 0.00 27.00 7.20 130.00 82.00 791 471

Dept Civil Engineering

Page 5

UCC

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering


Project

Environmental CAD Design BOD & Hydraulic Loading Calculations

Course

CE 4014
Calc. Sheet No.

Part of Structure Drawing Ref. Calculations By Checked By

Date

Ref.

Donal O' Connor Calculations

3/14/2008 Output

Dept Civil Engineering

Page 6

UCC

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering


Project

Environmental CAD Design Assessment of Capacity of Existing Plant

Course

CE 4014
Calc. Sheet No.

Part of Structure Drawing Ref. Calculations By Checked By

Date

Ref. Primary Settling Tank Length and Breath of Tank = Area Velocity Velocity = = =

Donal O' Connor Calculations

3/14/2008 Output

4m 16 m2 1.2 m / hour 3 DWF Area 19.2 m3 / hour 6.4 m3 / hour

3 DWF 1 DWF

= =

Allow for 250 l wastewater / person / day P.E. BOD H. Loading = = = = 614.4 ppl 36.86 kg / day 153.60 m3 / day 8.5 - 4.6 = 3.9 m P.E. = 614 ppl BOD = 36.86 kg/day H. Loading = 153.60 m3/day

Height of Pyramidal Section

Volume of Pyramidal Section = = Volume of Sludge =

1 / 3 base x height 20.8 m3 6.93 m3

1 / 3 of pyramidal section =

Retention time of 2 hours in the primary settling tank: Volume of liquid above sludge = = 3 DWF @ 2 hours 38.4 m3

Total Vol. of Liquid = 2 / 3 Vol. of Pyramid + Vol. of Top Section of Tank Vol. of top Section of Tank Total Volume of Liquid = This equates to 2 hours of DWF = 24 m3 37.87 m3 = 6 x DWF

Dept Civil Engineering

Page 7

UCC

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering


Project

Environmental CAD Design Assessment of Capacity of Existing Plant

Course

CE 4014
Calc. Sheet No.

Part of Structure Drawing Ref. Calculations By Checked By

Date

Ref. DWF =

Donal O' Connor Calculations 6.31 m3 / day

3/14/2008 Output

Allow for 250 l wastewater / person / day P.E. BOD H. Loading = = = 606 ppl 36.35 kg / day 151.47 m3 / day P.E. = 606 ppl BOD = 36.35 kg/day H. Loading = 151.47 m3/day

Trickling Filter Diameter of Trickling Filter Depth of Trickling Filter Vol. of Trickling Filter = = = 10.25 m 2m r2 x d = = 165 m3 19.8 kg BOD

The filers can remove 0.12 kg BOD / m3

Assuming: 45 % removal of BOD in the Primary Settling Tank 55 % of BOD enters the Tricking Filer P.E. BOD H. Loading = = = 600 ppl 36 kg / day 150 m3 / day P.E. = 600 ppl BOD = 35.99 kg/day H. Loading = 149.95 m3/day

Humus Tank Diameter of Humus Tank Depth of Humus Tank Vol. of Humus Tank Retention Time Flow Through Tank 1 DWF = = = = = = 4.3 m 2m r2 x d 1.5 hrs 19.35 m3 / hour ( 3 DWF ) = 29 m3

6.45 m3 / hour

Dept Civil Engineering

Page 8

UCC

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering


Project

Environmental CAD Design Assessment of Capacity of Existing Plant

Course

CE 4014
Calc. Sheet No.

Part of Structure Drawing Ref. Calculations By Checked By

Date

Ref.

Donal O' Connor Calculations Allow for 250 l wastewater / person / day

3/14/2008 Output

P.E. BOD H. Loading

= = = = =

619 ppl 37.16 kg / day 154.82 m3 / day 1.3 m / hour 14.51 m2 = 18.87 m3 / hour (3 DWF)

P.E. = 619 ppl BOD = 37.16 kg/day H. Loading = 154.82 m3/day

Upward Velocity in Tank Plan Area of Tank

Vol. of Wastewater entering tank 1 DWF =

6.29 m3 / hour

Allow for 250 l wastewater / person / day P.E. BOD H. Loading = = = 604 ppl 36.23 kg / day 150.95 m3 / day P.E. = 604 ppl BOD = 36.23 kg/day H. Loading = 150.95 m3/day

Table of Results: P.E. Primary Settling Tank 2 Hours @ 3DWF Trickling Filter Humus Tank 1.5 hr Retention time 614 606 600 619 604 BOD Loading kg BOD / day 36.86 36.35 36.00 37.16 36.23 Hydraulic Loading m3 / day 153.60 151.47 150.00 154.82 150.95

From the above figures it can be clearly seen that the existing Treatment Plant is grossly overloaded and entirely inadequate to deal with the waste being produced by the town of Riversdale.

Dept Civil Engineering

Page 9

UCC

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering


Project

Environmental CAD Design Assessment of Capacity of Existing Plant

Course

CE 4014
Calc. Sheet No.

Part of Structure Drawing Ref. Calculations By Checked By

Date

Ref.

Donal O' Connor Calculations

3/14/2008 Output

Dept Civil Engineering

Page 10

UCC

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering


Project

Environmental CAD Design Sewer Network Design

Course

CE 4014
Calc. Sheet No.

Part of Structure Drawing Ref. Calculations By Checked By

Date

Ref. Catchment Area 1 Area Length of Sewer Pipe Slope Choose Pipe Diameter Flow Chart: Velocity Pipe Capacity Time of Travel Time of Concentration Figure 5 Return Period of 2 years Runoff Foul Flow = = = = = = = = = = =

Donal O' Connor Calculations

3/14/2008 Output

0.3 ha 600 m 1 in 231 225 mm

0.83 m / s 32 l / s 12 min Time of Entry + Time of Travel 16 min

Intensity

= = =

34.8 mm 29.0 l / s 9.15 l / s

2.78 x A x I 791 m3 / day

Pipe must cater for 2.5 DWF 2.5 DWF = = = 32 l / s Pipe diameter = 225 mm 22.9 l / s 11 % 31.5 l / s

% of Total Foul in Pipe

Total flow through Pipe 31.5 l / s <

Selected pipe is adequate

Catchment Area 2 Area Length of Sewer Pipe Slope = = = 0.15 ha 250 m 1 in 156

Dept Civil Engineering

Page 11

UCC

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering


Project

Environmental CAD Design Sewer Network Design

Course

CE 4014
Calc. Sheet No.

Part of Structure Drawing Ref. Calculations By Checked By

Date

Ref. Choose Pipe Diameter =

Donal O' Connor Calculations 225 mm

3/14/2008 Output

Flow Chart: Velocity Pipe Capacity Time of Travel Time of Concentration Figure 5 Return Period of 2 years Runoff Foul Flow = = Intensity = = = 51.3 mm 21.4 l / s 9.15 l / s = = = = = 1.02 m / s 42 l / s 4.1 min Time of Entry + Time of Travel 8.1 min

2.78 x A x I 791 m3 / day

Pipe must cater for 2.5 DWF 2.5 DWF = = = 42 l / s Pipe diameter = 225 mm 22.9 l / s 6% 22.8 l / s

% of Total Foul in Pipe

Total flow through Pipe 22.8 l / s <

Selected pipe is adequate

Catchment Area 3 Area Length of Sewer Pipe Slope Choose Pipe Diameter Flow Chart: Velocity Pipe Capacity = = 0.78 m / s 31 l / s = = = = 0.2 ha 330 m 1 in 244 225 mm

Dept Civil Engineering

Page 12

UCC

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering


Project

Environmental CAD Design Sewer Network Design

Course

CE 4014
Calc. Sheet No.

Part of Structure Drawing Ref. Calculations By Checked By

Date

Ref. Time of Travel Time of Concentration = = = Figure 5 Return Period of 2 years Runoff Foul Flow = =

Donal O' Connor Calculations 7.1 min Time of Entry + Time of Travel 11.1 min

3/14/2008 Output

Intensity

= = =

43.4 mm 24.1 l / s 9.15 l / s

2.78 x A x I 791 m3 / day

Pipe must cater for 2.5 DWF 2.5 DWF = = = 31 l / s Pipe diameter = 225 mm 22.9 l / s 8% 26 l / s

% of Total Foul in Pipe

Total flow through Pipe 26 l / s <

Selected pipe is adequate

Flow at Manhole 4 There are 3 possible TOT's applying T.O.T. 1 = 12 mins All Areas contribute totally Intensity Runoff = = = = = Area = 34.8 mm 62.9 l / s 25 % 5.7 68.6 l / s x 22.9 l / s 0.65 ha (TOC = 16mins)

Total Foul Flow

Total Flow at MH 4 T.O.T. 2 = 4.1 mins

Dept Civil Engineering

Page 13

UCC

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering


Project

Environmental CAD Design Sewer Network Design

Course

CE 4014
Calc. Sheet No.

Part of Structure Drawing Ref. Calculations By Checked By

Date

Ref. Area 1 Area 2 Area 3 Total Area = = = =

Donal O' Connor Calculations ( 4.1 / 12) x 0.3 = ( 4.1 / 4.1) x 0.15 = ( 4.1 / 7.1) x 0.2 = 0.4 ha

3/14/2008 Output 0.1 ha 0.15 ha 0.12 ha

Intensity Runoff

= = = = =

51.3 mm 52.5 l / s 25 % 5.7 58.2 l / s x

(TOC = 8.1mins)

Total Foul Flow

22.9 l / s

Total Flow at MH 4 T.O.T. 3 = 7.1 mins Area 1 Area 2 Area 3 Total Area Intensity Runoff

= = = = = = = = =

( 7.1 / 12) x 0.3 = ( 7.1 / 7.1) x 0.15 = ( 7.1 / 7.1) x 0.2 = 0.53 ha 43.4 mm 63.6 l / s 25 % 5.7 69.4 l / s x

0.18 ha 0.15 ha 0.20 ha

(TOC = 11.1mins)

Total Foul Flow

22.9 l / s

Total Flow at MH 4

Total Flow at MH 4

69.4 l / s

Catchment Area 4 Area Length of Sewer Pipe Slope Choose Pipe Diameter Flow Chart: = = = = 0.25 ha 900 m 1 in 250 225 mm

Dept Civil Engineering

Page 14

UCC

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering


Project

Environmental CAD Design Sewer Network Design

Course

CE 4014
Calc. Sheet No.

Part of Structure Drawing Ref. Calculations By Checked By

Date

Ref. Velocity Pipe Capacity = = = = = Figure 5 Return Period of 2 years Runoff Foul Flow = =

Donal O' Connor Calculations 0.83 m / s 32 l / s 18.1 min Time of Entry + Time of Travel 20.1 min

3/14/2008 Output

Time of Travel Time of Concentration

Intensity

= = =

30.2 mm 75.6 l / s 9.15 l / s

2.78 x A x I 791 m3 / day

Pipe must cater for 2.5 DWF 2.5 DWF = = = 32 l / s 22.9 l / s 39 % 84.5 l / s

% of Total Foul in Pipe

Total flow through Pipe 84.5 l / s >

Selected pipe is inadequate = 375 mm

Choose Pipe Diameter Flow Chart: Velocity Pipe Capacity Time of Travel Time of Concentration Figure 5 Return Period of 2 years = =

1.08 m / s 125 l / s = = = 13.9 min Time of Entry + Time of Travel + 12mins 27.9 min

Intensity Intensity

= =

1200 / ( t + 19 ) 25.6 mm

Dept Civil Engineering

Page 15

UCC

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering


Project

Environmental CAD Design Sewer Network Design

Course

CE 4014
Calc. Sheet No.

Part of Structure Drawing Ref. Calculations By Checked By

Date

Ref. Runoff Foul Flow = =

Donal O' Connor Calculations 2.78 x A x I = 791 m3 / day =

3/14/2008 Output 64.03 l / s 9.15 l / s

Pipe must cater for 2.5 DWF 2.5 DWF = = = 125 l / s Pipe diameter = 375 mm 22.9 l / s 39 % 72.95 l / s

% of Total Foul in Pipe

Total flow through Pipe 72.95 l / s <

Selected pipe is adequate

Catchment Area 5 Area Length of Sewer Pipe Slope Choose Pipe Diameter Flow Chart: Velocity Pipe Capacity Time of Travel Time of Concentration Figure 5 Return Period of 2 years Runoff Foul Flow = = Intensity = = = 33.5 mm 46.6 l / s 9.15 l / s = = = = = 0.96 m / s 72 l / s 13.0 min Time of Entry + Time of Travel 17.0 min = = = = 0.5 ha 750 m 1 in 250 300 mm

2.78 x A x I 791 m3 / day

Pipe must cater for 2.5 DWF 2.5 DWF = 22.9 l / s

Dept Civil Engineering

Page 16

UCC

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering


Project

Environmental CAD Design Sewer Network Design

Course

CE 4014
Calc. Sheet No.

Part of Structure Drawing Ref. Calculations By Checked By

Date

Ref. % of Total Foul in Pipe =

Donal O' Connor Calculations 16 % = 72 l / s 50.2 l / s

3/14/2008 Output

Total flow through Pipe 50.2 l / s <

Selected pipe is adequate

Pipe diameter = 300 mm

Catchment Area 6 Area Length of Sewer Pipe Slope Choose Pipe Diameter Flow Chart: Velocity Pipe Capacity Time of Travel Time of Concentration Figure 5 Return Period of 2 years Runoff Foul Flow = = Intensity = = = 31.4 mm 56.7 l / s 9.15 l / s = = = = = 1.1 m / s 75 l / s 3.8 min Time of Entry + Time of Travel + 13mins 18.8 min = = = = 0.15 ha 250 m 1 in 179 300 mm

2.78 x A x I 791 m3 / day

Pipe must cater for 2.5 DWF 2.5 DWF = = = 22.9 l / s 25 % 62.5 l / s

% of Total Foul in Pipe

Total flow through Pipe

Dept Civil Engineering

Page 17

UCC

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering


Project

Environmental CAD Design Sewer Network Design

Course

CE 4014
Calc. Sheet No.

Part of Structure Drawing Ref. Calculations By Checked By

Date

Ref. 62.5 l / s

Donal O' Connor Calculations < 75 l / s

3/14/2008 Output Pipe diameter = 300 mm

Selected pipe is adequate

Flow at Manhole 7 There are 2 possible TOT's applying T.O.T. 1 = 25.9 mins All Areas contribute totally Area = 1.55 ha

Intensity Runoff

= = = = =

25.6 mm 110.3 l / s 64 % x 14.7 l / s 124.9 l / s

(TOC = 27.9mins)

Total Foul Flow

22.9 l / s

Total Flow at MH 7 T.O.T. 2 = 16.8 mins Area Area Area Area Area Area 1 2 3 4 5 6

= = = = = = = = = = = =

( 2.9 / 12) x 0.3 = ( 2.9 / 4.1) x 0.15 = ( 2.9 / 7.1) x 0.2 =

0.07 ha 0.11 ha 0.08 ha 0.25 ha 0.50 ha 0.15 ha

Total Area Intensity Runoff

1.16 ha 31.4 mm 101.3 l / s 64 % x 14.7 l / s 115.9 l / s 22.9 l / s (TOC = 18.8mins)

Total Foul Flow

Total Flow at MH 7

Total Flow at MH 7

124.9 l / s

Dept Civil Engineering

Page 18

UCC

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering


Project

Environmental CAD Design Sewer Network Design

Course

CE 4014
Calc. Sheet No.

Part of Structure Drawing Ref. Calculations By Checked By

Date

Ref. Catchment Area 7 Area Length of Sewer Pipe Slope Choose Pipe Diameter Flow Chart: Velocity Pipe Capacity Time of Travel Time of Concentration 1 Figure 5 Return Period of 2 years Runoff Foul Flow = = = = = = = = = = =

Donal O' Connor Calculations

3/14/2008 Output

0.2 ha 400 m 1 in 160 375 mm

1.3 m / s 155 l / s 5.1 min 2 + 12 + 13.9 + 5.1 33.0 min

Intensity Intensity

= = = =

1200 / ( t + 19 ) 23.1 mm 112.21 l / s 9.15 l / s

2.78 x A x I 791 m3 / day

Pipe must cater for 2.5 DWF 2.5 DWF = = = 155 l / s 22.9 l / s 80 % 130.51 l / s

% of Total Foul in Pipe

Total flow through Pipe 130.51 l / s <

Selected pipe is adequate = = 2 + 13 + 3.8 + 5.1 23.9 min

Time of Concentration 2 Figure 5 Return Period of 2 years

Intensity

1200 / ( t + 19 )

Dept Civil Engineering

Page 19

UCC

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering


Project

Environmental CAD Design Sewer Network Design

Course

CE 4014
Calc. Sheet No.

Part of Structure Drawing Ref. Calculations By Checked By

Date

Ref. Runoff Foul Flow = =

Donal O' Connor Calculations Intensity = = = 28.0 mm 66.05 l / s 9.15 l / s

3/14/2008 Output

2.78 x A x I 791 m3 / day

Pipe must cater for 2.5 DWF 2.5 DWF = = = 155 l / s Pipe diameter = 375 mm 130.51 l / s 22.9 l / s 41 % 75.43 l / s

% of Total Foul in Pipe

Total flow through Pipe 75.43 l / s <

Selected pipe is adequate

Note: The total flow to be used is the larger flow =

Catchment Area 8 Area Length of Sewer Pipe Slope Choose Pipe Diameter Flow Chart: Velocity Pipe Capacity Time of Travel Time of Concentration Figure 5 Return Period of 2 years Runoff = Intensity = = 49.75 mm 20.7 l / s = = = = = 1.1 m / s 42 l / s 4.5 min Time of Entry + Time of Travel 8.5 min = = = = 0.15 ha 300 m 1 in 136 225 mm

2.78 x A x I

Dept Civil Engineering

Page 20

UCC

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering


Project

Environmental CAD Design Sewer Network Design

Course

CE 4014
Calc. Sheet No.

Part of Structure Drawing Ref. Calculations By Checked By

Date

Ref. Foul Flow =

Donal O' Connor Calculations 791 m3 / day = 9.15 l / s

3/14/2008 Output

Pipe must cater for 2.5 DWF 2.5 DWF = = = 42 l / s Pipe diameter = 225 mm 22.9 l / s 4% 21.7 l / s

% of Total Foul in Pipe

Total flow through Pipe 21.7 l / s <

Selected pipe is adequate

Catchment Area 9 Area Length of Sewer Pipe Slope Choose Pipe Diameter Flow Chart: Velocity Pipe Capacity Time of Travel Time of Concentration Figure 5 Return Period of 2 years Runoff Foul Flow = = Intensity = = = 34.6 mm 43.3 l / s 9.15 l / s = = = = = 0.95 m / s 65 l / s 9.6 min Time of Entry + Time of Travel + 4.5mins 16.2 min = = = = 0.3 ha 550 m 1 in 229 300 mm

2.78 x A x I 791 m3 / day

Dept Civil Engineering

Page 21

UCC

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering


Project

Environmental CAD Design Sewer Network Design

Course

CE 4014
Calc. Sheet No.

Part of Structure Drawing Ref. Calculations By Checked By

Date

Ref. Pipe must cater for 2.5 DWF 2.5 DWF = =

Donal O' Connor Calculations

3/14/2008 Output

22.9 l / s 15 % = 65 l / s Pipe diameter = 300 mm 46.7 l / s

% of Total Foul in Pipe

Total flow through Pipe 46.7 l / s <

Selected pipe is adequate

Catchment Area 10 Area Length of Sewer Pipe Slope Choose Pipe Diameter = = = = 0.2 ha 200 m 1 in 182 225 mm

Flow Chart: Velocity Pipe Capacity Time of Travel Time of Concentration Figure 5 Return Period of 2 years Runoff Foul Flow = = Intensity = = = 52.6 mm 29.2 l / s 9.15 l / s = = = = = 0.92 m / s 35 l / s 3.6 min Time of Entry + Time of Travel 7.6 min

2.78 x A x I 791 m3 / day

Pipe must cater for 2.5 DWF 2.5 DWF = = 22.9 l / s 5%

% of Total Foul in Pipe

Dept Civil Engineering

Page 22

UCC

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering


Project

Environmental CAD Design Sewer Network Design

Course

CE 4014
Calc. Sheet No.

Part of Structure Drawing Ref. Calculations By Checked By

Date

Ref.

Donal O' Connor Calculations Total flow through Pipe = 30.4 l / s 30.4 l / s < 35 l / s

3/14/2008 Output

Selected pipe is adequate

Pipe diameter = 225 mm

Flow at Manhole 11 There are 2 possible TOT's applying T.O.T. 1 = 31 mins All Areas contribute totally Intensity Runoff = = = = = Area = 23.1 mm 153.9 l / s 100 % x 22.9 l / s 176.8 l / s 22.9 l / s 2.4 ha (TOC = 33mins)

Total Foul Flow

Total Flow at MH 11 T.O.T. 2 = 21.9 mins 21.9 - 5.1 - 13.9 Area Area Area Area Area Area Area Area Area Area 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 =

3 mins = = = = = = = = = = = = = = ( 3 / 12) x 0.30 ( 3 / 4.1) x 0.15 ( 3 / 6.8) x 0.20 = = = 0.08 ha 0.11 ha 0.09 ha 0.25 ha 0.50 ha 0.15 ha 0.20 ha 0.15 ha 0.30 ha 0.20 ha

Total Area Intensity Runoff

2.02 ha 28.0 mm 157.2 l / s 86 % x 22.9 l / s (TOC = 23.9mins)

Total Foul Flow

Dept Civil Engineering

Page 23

UCC

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering


Project

Environmental CAD Design Sewer Network Design

Course

CE 4014
Calc. Sheet No.

Part of Structure Drawing Ref. Calculations By Checked By

Date

Ref. (Taken as same proportion of area) = Total Flow at MH 7 =

Donal O' Connor Calculations 19.6 l / s 176.8 l / s

3/14/2008 Output

T.O.T. 3 = 14.2 mins 14.2 - 5.1 - 3.8 14.2 - 5.1 Area Area Area Area Area Area Area 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 = = = = = = = = = = = = 5 mins 9.1 mins (Area 5) (Area 4) 0.16 ha 0.19 ha 0.15 ha 0.20 ha 0.15 ha 0.30 ha 0.20 ha

( 9.1/13.9) x 0.25 = ( 5 / 13) x 0.5 =

Total Area Intensity Runoff

1.36 ha 34.6 mm 130.4 l / s (TOC = 16.2mins)

Total Foul Flow = (Taken as same proportion of area) = Total Flow at MH 7 = Total Flow at MH 11

60 % 13.8 l / s 144.2 l / s =

22.9 l / s

176.8 l / s

Catchment Area 11 Area Length of Sewer Pipe Slope Choose Pipe Diameter Flow Chart: Velocity Pipe Capacity = = 1.9 m / s 200 l / s = = = = 0.15 ha 200 m 1 in 80 375 mm

Dept Civil Engineering

Page 24

UCC

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering


Project

Environmental CAD Design Sewer Network Design

Course

CE 4014
Calc. Sheet No.

Part of Structure Drawing Ref. Calculations By Checked By

Date

Ref. Time of Travel Time of Concentration Figure 5 Return Period of 2 years Runoff Foul Flow = = = = =

Donal O' Connor Calculations 1.8 min Time of Entry + Time of Travel + 31mins 34.8 min

3/14/2008 Output

Intensity Intensity

= = = =

1200 / ( t + 19 ) 22.3 mm 158.25 l / s 9.15 l / s

2.78 x A x I 791 m3 / day

Pipe must cater for 2.5 DWF 2.5 DWF = = = 200 l / s Pipe diameter = 375 mm 22.9 l / s 100 % 181.13 l / s

% of Total Foul in Pipe

Total flow through Pipe 181.13 l / s <

Selected pipe is adequate

Summary Table

Sewer Pipe MH 1 - MH 4 MH 2 - MH 4 MH 3 - MH 4 MH 4 - MH 7 MH 5 - MH 6 MH 6 - MH 7 MH 7 - MH 11 MH 8 - MH 9 MH 9 - MH 11 MH 10 - MH 11 MH 11 - MH Foul Sump

Length (m) 600 250 330 900 750 250 400 300 550 200 200

Diameter Gradient (mm) (1 in) 225 231 225 156 225 244 375 250 300 250 300 179 375 160 225 136 300 229 225 182 375 80

Dept Civil Engineering

Page 25

UCC

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering


Project

Environmental CAD Design Sewer Network Design

Course

CE 4014
Calc. Sheet No.

Part of Structure Drawing Ref. Calculations By Checked By

Date

Ref.

Donal O' Connor Calculations

3/14/2008 Output

Dept Civil Engineering

Page 26

UCC

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering


Project

Environmental CAD Design Pumping Station, Rising Main & Wet Well

Course

CE 4014
Calc. Sheet No.

Part of Structure Drawing Ref. Calculations By Checked By

Date

Ref. Rising Main

Donal O' Connor Calculations

3/14/2008 Output

Main should be able to cater for 6 DWF 6 DWF Slope Diameter Cover Diameter of Inlet pipe Elevation height of sump High level cut-in elecrode Low level cut-in elecrode Horizontal distance = = = = = = = = = 55 l / s 1 in 250 250 mm 1.2 m 375 mm 6.5 m 4.68 m 4.18 m 700 m

Add 10% to cater for bends in the pipe Horiz. distance = = = 770 m Horiz. Distance / slope 3.08 m

Head loss due to Friction

Rising Main enters site of new Treatment Plant at an elevation of 9 m Static Lift Allow for Station Losses Total Manometric Head = = = 4.83 m 1.5 m 9.41 m ~= 10 m

Power of Pumps: Power = Q H 3.67 r

Q H r

= = = Power Power

198 l / hr 10 m 40 % = = 13.5 kW 15.9 kW (85 % Efficiency) (100 % Efficiency)

Dept Civil Engineering

Page 27

UCC

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering


Project

Environmental CAD Design Pumping Station, Rising Main & Wet Well

Course

CE 4014
Calc. Sheet No.

Part of Structure Drawing Ref. Calculations By Checked By

Date

Ref.

Donal O' Connor Calculations

3/14/2008 Output

Retention Time in Rising Main: Retention time should not be greater than 12 hours to prevent wastewater going septic. Length of Rising Main Radius of Rising Main Volume of Rising Main = = = 770 m 125 mm 37.8 m3 = 906.68 m3 / day

Wastewater flowing through Rising Main / day

Time taken for a plug of sewage to flow through rising main = 1.00 hrs = 60 mins

Design of Wet Well Pump will start approximately 8 times each hour Cycle Time = = ~= 60 / 8 7.5 mins 8 mins

Pumping Station must be capable of pumping 6 DWF 6 DWF 55 l / s T Q = Pumping Rate V = Capacity of Wet Well Depth of Wet Well Plan area of wet well = = = = = = = 55 l / s 3.3 m3 / min (4 * V) / Q 3.3 m3 / min 6.6 m3 / min 0.5 m 6.60 0.50 m3 m = 13.2 m2

Let Dimensions of Wet Well = 3m x 4.4m

Dept Civil Engineering

Page 28

UCC

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering


Project

Environmental CAD Design Pumping Station, Rising Main & Wet Well

Course

CE 4014
Calc. Sheet No.

Part of Structure Drawing Ref. Calculations By Checked By

Date

Ref.

Donal O' Connor Calculations

3/14/2008 Output

Dept Civil Engineering

Page 29

UCC

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering


Project

Environmental CAD Design Design of New Wastewater Treatment Plant

Course

CE 4014
Calc. Sheet No.

Part of Structure Drawing Ref. Calculations By Checked By

Date

Ref.

Donal O' Connor Calculations New Treatment Plant must cater for: Max. BOD Loading Min. BOD Loading Max. Hydraulic Loading Min. Hydraulic Loading Design of Oxidation Ditch Range of operating conditions for the Oxidation Ditch Minimum 0.05 2200 mg / l 120 kg BOD / day Maximum 0.08 3500 mg / l 205 kg BOD / day = = = = 205 kg BOD / day 120 kg BOD / day 791 m3 / day 471 m3 / day

3/14/2008 Output

F / M Ratio MLSS BOD

Minimum BOD Loading : F / M Ratio BOD = = 120 M M Vol. of ditch = 0.05 120 kg BOD / day 0.05

= =

2400 kg 1091 m3

Capacity at Max. MLSS: (3.5 kg / m3) F / M Ratio = M M F = = = 0.08 3.5 x 1091 3818.5 kg 286.4 kg ( Max. Capacity )

The Oxidation Ditch can cover the range of BOD from 120kg - 286.4kg Oxidation Ditch works best at F / M ratio 205 M = = 0.06 0.06

Dept Civil Engineering

Page 30

UCC

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering


Project

Environmental CAD Design Design of New Wastewater Treatment Plant

Course

CE 4014
Calc. Sheet No.

Part of Structure Drawing Ref. Calculations By Checked By

Date

Ref. M =

Donal O' Connor Calculations 3417 kg

3/14/2008 Output

MLSS

3.13 kg / m3

This MLSS level is within the desirable range Sizing of the Oxidation Ditch : Depth of Oxidation Ditch Area of the Ditch = = = = = 545.45 r2 r = = = = = 2m Volume / Depth 545.45 m2 r2 + ( 5r x 2r ) 13.14 r2 13.14 r2 41.51 6.45 m 2 x r 5 x r = = 12.9 m 32 m Radius of O.D. = 6.45m Width of O.D. = 12.9m Length of Wall = 32m

Area of the Ditch

Width of Oxidation Ditch Length of Centre Wall Retention Time: Max. Hydraulic Loading Retention Time in Tank

= = = =

791 m3 / day Volume / Loading 1.38 days 33 hours

This Retention Time is sufficient as it is greater than 24 hours Power of Rotor: 15-20 W / m3 required for mixing 15 Watts: 20 Watts: Power = Power = 16.36 21.82 kW kW

Dept Civil Engineering

Page 31

UCC

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering


Project

Environmental CAD Design Design of New Wastewater Treatment Plant

Course

CE 4014
Calc. Sheet No.

Part of Structure Drawing Ref. Calculations By Checked By

Date

Ref. Choose Mixing Power =

Donal O' Connor Calculations 20 kW

3/14/2008 Output

Oxygen Required: 205 kg BOD contained in 791 m3 of wastewater = 259 mg/l 92 % = 0.8 + 2.2 * (0.6 - F / M)

% BOD removal in Oxidation Ditch = Oxgen Content ( OC ) / BOD Content F / M Ratio = 0.06 OC / BOD =

For every kg of BOD removed, 2 kg of Oxygen is required Kg of BOD entering Ditch per hour = 205 24 = 8.5 kg BOD/ hour

17 kg of Oxygen required per hour

1 kW will transfer 2 kg of Oxygen per hour 8.5 kW is required to transfer Oxygen per hour

Therefore an extra 11.5 kW is needed in the tank Rotors : Lane width in Oxidation Ditch Immersion depth of Rotors From Fig. 16 (Page 36 of Notes) 80mm = 1.6 kg / m hour = = 6.2 m 80 mm Install an additional 4 x 3 kW submerged mixers

17 kg of Oxygen required per hour Length of Rotors req. = 17 = 10.6 m

Dept Civil Engineering

Page 32

UCC

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering


Project

Environmental CAD Design Design of New Wastewater Treatment Plant

Course

CE 4014
Calc. Sheet No.

Part of Structure Drawing Ref. Calculations By Checked By

Date

Ref.

Donal O' Connor Calculations 1.6 There are 4 rotors in the Oxidation Ditch Approx. length of rotor = 2.50 m

3/14/2008 Output

Length of Rotor = 2.5m

Design of Final Settling Tank Upward Velocity in Tank = 0.9 m / hour

A flow of 3 DWF goes through tank every day 1 DWF 3 DWF = = = 791 m3 / day 98.88 m3 / hour 3 DWF Velocity x r2 110 m2 5.92 m ~= 6m Radius of FST = 6m = 110 m2

Area of Settling Tank

Area x r2 r

= = =

Allow 2 hours retention time Volume = = 2 hr x 98.88 m3/hr 197.75 m3 ~= 115 m2 = ~= 1.72 m 2m Depth of FST = 2m

Plan Area of Tank Depth of Tank

= =

113.04 m2 Volume / Plan Area

New Retention Time = New Volume =

2.33 hours 230 m3

Design of Sludge Holding Tank For every 1 kg BOD removed 0.7 kg of dry solids generated

Dept Civil Engineering

Page 33

UCC

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering


Project

Environmental CAD Design Design of New Wastewater Treatment Plant

Course

CE 4014
Calc. Sheet No.

Part of Structure Drawing Ref. Calculations By Checked By

Date

Ref. Max. BOD Loading =

Donal O' Connor Calculations 205 kg BOD / day

3/14/2008 Output

In the Oxidation Ditch there is a 92% reduction in BOD BOD Loading = 188.6 kg BOD / day

Dry Solids Total removed

= = = = =

132.02 kg 6.6 m3 7 x 6.6 3m 46.21 3 2.2 m = 15.4 m2 = 46.21 m3 Depth of SHT = 3m

7 days of storage Depth of Tank Plan Area

Phosphorus levels must be less than 1 mg / l Wastewater contains approximately 10 mg / l of phosphorous The Sludge Holding Tank removes 60 % 4 mg / l of phosphorous is left = 6 mg / l

Need to remove 3 mg / l 790 m3 790,000 x 3 = = 790, 000


l

2.37 kg of Phosphorous

2.2 kg of Fe is needed to remove 1kg of Phosphorous 5.21 kg of Fe per litre 5.214 x 2.5 = = = = 13.04 kg of extra dry solids 132.02 + 13.04 145.06 kg 7.25 m3

Total amount of dry solids

Total removed

Dept Civil Engineering

Page 34

UCC

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering


Project

Environmental CAD Design Design of New Wastewater Treatment Plant

Course

CE 4014
Calc. Sheet No.

Part of Structure Drawing Ref. Calculations By Checked By

Date

Ref. 7 days of storage Depth of Tank Plan Area = = =

Donal O' Connor Calculations 7 x 7.25 = 3m 50.77 3 2.32 m =

3/14/2008 Output 50.77 m3

16.9 m2

The larger radius must be used Radius of Sludge Holding Tank = 2.32 m ~= 2.5m Radius of SHT = 2.5m

BOD Level at Outflow BOD of effluent and river water mixture where X= Y= Z= Z= = X + YZ Z+1 = = 20 mg / l 1.1 mg / l

BOD of effluent mg/l BOD or river water above outfall mg/l Dilution factor (river water to effluent) Rate of flow of receiving water Rate of Discharge X + YZ Z+1

24

BOD of river after discharge =

1.856 mg / l

Increase in level of BOD in receiving waters 0.756 mg / l <

= 1 mg / l

0.756 mg / l

This level of Effluent Discharge is Acceptable

Dept Civil Engineering

Page 35

UCC

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering


Project

Environmental CAD Design Design of New Wastewater Treatment Plant

Course

CE 4014
Calc. Sheet No.

Part of Structure Drawing Ref. Calculations By Checked By

Date

Ref.

Donal O' Connor Calculations

3/14/2008 Output

Dept Civil Engineering

Page 36

UCC