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Vertebrates

ANIMALS

Are multicellular eukaryotes with specialized cells.

Their nutrition is hetertrophic (herbivores, carnivores or omnivores), have high sensitivy and ability to move.

Vertebrates: with backbones


Mammals Birds Reptiles Amphibians and Fish

Invertebrates: without backbones


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Vertebrates
Characteristics

All have an internal axis (endoskeleton) spine: vertebrae.

Body divided in three parts (head, trunk and tail, with exceptions).

Adapted articulated limbs (legs, wings or fins).

Highly developed nervous system (Brain and sense organ and head protection)

Have bilateral symmetry.

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Vertebrates
MAMMALS
Limbs in the form of legs, except in aquatic, fins and bat wings.

Body covered with hair. Mammary glands. Homeotherms, of constant temperature.

Pulmonary respiration.

Viviparous (the young are born live of the womb)

Food varied.
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Vertebrates
HUMANS

No tail. Four limbs: arms and legs (bipedal).

Short hair and many sweat glands.

The mother feeds the baby through her mammary glands.


Newborns are helpless for a very long time. Brain much better developed than other mammals.

Our main system of communication is language, wich is highly developed.


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Vertebrates

Aerodynamic shape. Hindquarters: legs; the previous, wings. Skin covered with feathers. Hollow bones. Hornlike beak.

BIRDS

Homeotherms.
Breathe with lungs. Oviparous.

Food varied.

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Vertebrates
REPTILES

Limbs in the form of legs. Covered with scales skin welded.

Poikilothermic (can not regulate their body temperature).


Breathe with lungs. Oviparous (egg-born offspring).

Most are carnivores.


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Vertebrates
AMPHIBIANS

Limbs in the form of legs.


Uncoated moist skin. Are poikilothermic. Breathe through lungs and skin. Are oviparous. Metamorphose. Adults are carnivores.

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Vertebrates
FISH

Fusiform (spindle-shaped body). Limbs in the form of fin.

Covered with scales skin.


Poikilotherms. Breathe through gills. Oviparous. Most are carnivores.
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Vertebrates
To learn more
(Follow the links to explore the topic through internet)

Mammals

(video)

Evolution of a human being(video)

The Human Brain (video)

Mammals
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(pictures)

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Vertebrates
Vocational and professional guidance
(for an integrated curriculum)

Ethology: Konrad Lorenz Naturalist: Gerald Durrell

Instrument: Naturalistc observation


Greenpeace: Greenpeace - Spain

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