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OSHA 1994

OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT 1994

OSHA 1994
Philosophy
Responsibilities

to ensure safety and health at the workplace lies with those who create the risk those who work with the risk

SCOPE OF OSHA 1994


Person at work in all economic activities including public services and statutory authorities

First Schedule
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SCOPE
Re al Es Fin tat an ea

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Public services and statutory authorities

Except:

- on board ships - Armed Forces

OBJECTIVES
to secure the safety, health and welfare of person at work to protect person (other than person at work) at a place of work against hazard to promote occupational environment adaptable to the persons physiological and psychological needs to provide the means towards a legislative system based on regulations and industry codes of practice in combination with the provisions of the Act.

ACCIDENT
An occurrence or event that is unexpected, unforeseen, unplanned and unwanted that could cause damage, injury and loss.

Results

Results

Results

Why accident?
Unsafe Condition Unsafe Act

Unsafe Condition

Unsafe Condition

DUTIES OF EMPLOYER
as far as practicable..

provide and maintain safe plant and system of work make arrangement for safe use, operation, handling, storage and transportation of plant and substances provide instruction, information, training and supervision

DUTIES OF EMPLOYER
as far as practicable

provide and maintain safe place of work and means of access to and egress from any place of work provide and maintain safe and healthy working environment and adequate welfare facilities

`practicable
Severity of hazard or risk in question State of knowledge about the hazard or risk and way of removing or mitigating them Availability and suitability of ways to remove or mitigating the hazard or risk Cost of removing or mitigating the hazard or risk

DUTIES OF EMPLOYER
Formulate safety and health policy
Written Statement OSH Organisation OSH Arrangement

OTHER DUTIES
Employer to report to the nearest OSH Officer
Accidents Dangerous Occurrence Poisoning (by quickest means)

Medical Officer to report on Third Scheduled diseases in FMA 1967

DUTIES OF EMPLOYEES
Reasonable care for safety and health of himself and others Co-operate with employer and others Wear and use PPE Comply with instruction on OSH

SAFETY AND HEALTH POLICY Statement of Intent


Written Statement Management commitment Objective and goal Make known to all employees

SAFETY AND HEALTH POLICY Organisation (Who to do what?)


Specify Responsibilities
CEO Manager Safety and Health Officer General Employees

Integrate OSH in all activities


Production Administration Maintenance Purchasing and Sale Security

SAFETY AND HEALTH POLICY Arrangement (How to do?)


Risk Assessment SOP Training, Instruction and Information Inspection Investigation Promotional Maintenance Monitoring of Performance Rules and Regulations

REGULATIONS
Occupational Safety and Health (Employers Safety and Health General Policy Statements) (Exception) Regulations 1995 Occupational Safety and Health (Control of Industrial Major Accident Hazards) Regulations 1996 Occupational Safety and Health (Safety and Health Committee) Regulations 1996 Occupational Safety and Health (Safety and Health Officer) Regulations 1997 Occupational Safety and Health (Classification, Packaging and Labeling of Hazardous Chemicals) Regulations 1997 Occupational Safety and Health (Use of Hazardous Chemical to Health) Regulations 2000

Safety and Health Officer SHO Order 1997 Class of Industries


Building Operation RM 20m and above Engineering Construction RM 20m and above Ship Building, Gas or petrochemical , Chemical , Boiler and PV maker, Metal Industries, Wood Working and Cement Industries with more than 100 employees Other manufacturing activity with more than 500 employees

Safety and Health Committee

Any place of work with 40 or more workers Directed by Director General

ELEMENTS OF SUCCESSFUL PROGRAM


Management Commitment

OSH PROGRAME
OSH Com. Commitment Employees Commitment

Management Commitment
Personal Involvement

+
Commitment of Time

+
Commitment of Resources

Employees Commitment OSH Awareness + Cooperation + Willingness

OSH Committee Commitment

Competence + Enthusiasm + Concern

OSH Performance Monitoring System


REACTIVE

Accident Major Minor Near misses

Incident Operational Damage only Theft

Absence Sickness Non sickness

OSH Performance Monitoring System


PROACTIVE

Report
Inspection Audit Monitoring Risk Assessment Medical surveillance

Compliance
Risk Control Statutory Requirements

Educ. /Training
Schedule followed Number trained Attitudes and understanding

Thank you..