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WORKSHOP FOR NTSE STAGE-I

DAILY PRACTICE PROBLEMS SESSION-2011-12

DPP No. 01

Subject : Physics TOPIC : Unit & Dimension, Motion, Force & Work, Energy & Power 1. Force has a dimension : (A) M1L1T3 (B) M1L2 T1 Ratio of dimension of Work & energy is : (A) ML2T0 (B) M1L3T3 One shake is equal to : (A) 102 s (B) 104 s

(C*) M1L1 T2

(D) M1L2T3

2.

(C) ML2T2

(D*) M0L0T0

3.

(C*)108 s

(D) 0.8 s

4.

When a cricket ball strikes the stumps, a force of _____________ uproots the stumps. (A) pull (B*) push (C) push or pull (D) cant say

5.

How much force is required to lift mass of 100g : (A) 10 N (B*) 1 N (C) 100 N F = mg =

(D) 1000 N

Sol.

100 10 = 1 N 1000

6.

If a rock is brought from the surface of the moon to the earth.: (A) Its mass will change (B*) Its weight will change, but not mass. (C) Both mass and weight will change. (D) Its mass and weight will remain the same. A player stops a football weighing 0.5 kg which comes flying towards him with a velocity of 10m/s. If the impact lasts for 1/50th sec. and the ball bounces back with a velocity of 15m/s, then the average force involved is : (A) 250 N (B) 1250 N Mass of the ball, m = 0.5 kg (C) 500 N (D*) 625 N

7.

Sol.

1 s 50 Change in momentum = impulse mv mu = F t

Time of impact, t =

8.

Sol.

1 F = 625 N 50 A rocket with a lift-off mass 3.5104 kg is blasted upwards with an initial acceleration of 10m/s2. Then the initial thrust of the blast is : (A*)3.5105N (B) 7.0105N (C) 14.0105N (D) 1.75105N Mass of rocket, m = 3.5 104 kg Acceleration of rocket, a = 10 m/s2 Thrust, F = ma = 3.5 104 10 = 3.5 105 N
0.5 ( 15 10) = F

9.

If action and reaction were to act on the same body : (A) the resultant would be zero (C*) both A and B are correct

(B) the body would not move at all (D) neither A nor B is correct

10.

A car is moving along a straight level road with constant speed then : (A) the work done on the car is infinite (B*) the work done on the car is zero (C) the work done on the car is a measure of the gravitational potential energy (D) the work done on the car cannot be found 1 kW is equal to : (A) 1000 watt

11.

(D) neither A nor B

12. Sol.

In the above question the potential energy of the body (after 2 sec) will be : (A*) 400 J (B) 200 J (C) 100 J (D) zero In the above question, Let body attains height h after 2 s So, from second equation of motion 1 h = ut gt2 2

1 10 22 = 20m 2 Hence potential energy, mgh = 2 10 20 = 400J

h = 20 2 13. A force of 4 N acts on a body of mass 40 kg for a distance of 2 m. The kinetic energy acquired by the body is : (A) 16 J (B) 32 108 erg (C*) 8 J (D) 32 erg Force on the body, F = 4N Displacement, d =2m Change in K.E. = F.d = 4 2 = 8 J A man weighing 600 N carries a load of 150 N upto a flight of stairs 6m high in 15 seconds. His power will be : (A) 290 W (B) 350 W (C*) 300 W (D) 200 W Here direction of force and displacement is opposite. So, total force acting on man due to gravity = 150 + 600 = 750 N Now, Power = = 15.

Sol.

14.

Sol.

F d 750 6 = 300 Watt. t 15

Sol.

The relation between Watt and horse power is : (A) 1 hp = 0.00134 W (C) 1 W = 746 hp 1 hp = 746 watt 1 watt =

(B*) 1 W = 0.00134 hp (D) None of these

1 = 0.00134 hp 746

16.

Sol.

A ball is thrown vertically upward and after ascending a height of 15m it comes back to the same point. The total displacement of the ball is : (A*) zero (B) 15 m (C) 30 m (D) 98 m Initial and final positions of the ball is same, so, displacement will be zero.

17.

Sol.

A train passes over a 800 m long bridge. If the speed of the train is 36 m/s and the train takes 28 s to cross the bridge, then the length of the train is : (A) 200 m (B) 600 m (C) 800 m (D) 208 m suppose the length of the train is x m. Length of the bridge = 800 m Total distance covered by the train = (x + 800)m Speed of the train = 36 m/s Time taken = 28 s

distance x 800 36 = time 28 or x + 800 = 1008 or s = 208 m so, the length of the train is 208 m speed =
18. In figure BC represents a body moving :

(A*) Backward with uniform velocity (B) Forward with uniform velocity (C) Backward with non-uniform velocity 19. Sol.

(D) Forward with non-uniform velocity

If a trolley starts from rest with an acceleration of 3 m/s2, then velocity of the trolley after 3s would be : (A) 1 m/s (B*) 9 m/s (C) 6 m/s (D) 4 m/s 2 Given : u =0, a = 3m/s , t = 3s v = u + at = 0 + 3 3 = 9m/s A player completes a circular path of radius r in 40 s. At the end of 2 minutes 20 seconds, displacement will be : (A*) 2r (B) 2 r (C) 7 r (D) zero

20.

1 C 16 A

2 D 17 D

3 C 18 A

4 B 19 B

5 B 20 A

6 B

7 D

8 A

9 C

10 B

11 C

12 A

13 C

14 C

15 B