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OutdoorSportsLightingLevelsEN12193:2007.

Illuminance Level (Em. Horizontal) Lux * (Non CTV) Class II Em Uo Lux Min/ave Glare Rating (GR) Class III Em Uo Lux 50 to 100 300 Min/ave I II III

Class I Em Uo Lux Sport Min/ave

Athletics In Field

500 750

0.7 0.7

200 500

0.5 0.7

0.5 0.5

50 50

55 50

55 55

Baseball Out Field Basketball Bowls (Flat Green) Square Cricket Grounds Field Equestrian Football( soccer) Football( American) Hockey Horse Racing Netball Rugby Tennis Volleyball

500 500 300 750 500 500 500 500 500 200 500 500 500 500

0.5 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7

300 200 200 500 300 200 200 200 200 100 200 200 300 200

0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6

200 75 100 300 200 100 75 75 200 50 75 75 200 75

0.3 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.2 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5

50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50

50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50

55 55 50 55 55 55 55 55 55 55 55 55 55 55

GUIDE TO SPORTS LIGHTING LEVELS Lighting levels for exterior Sports Lighting are considerably lower than daylight levels and usually lower than for the same sport played indoors. This is because there is generally greater subject contrast outdoors, with a dark sky backdrop, giving good adaptation levels. Illuminance levels are dependent upon the difficulty of the visual task. In general, fast action, a small playing object (cricket ball) and long viewing distance will require high lighting levels. A slower speed, larger playing object (football) and closer viewing distance will require lower lighting levels. Exterior Sports Lighting is provided to achieve either Supervised Training, Club, National, International or CTV coverage. Various Lighting Guides and Lighting Specifications are available, recommending appropriate illuminance levels for individual Sports. In addition many Sports Governing Bodies also provide separate specific lighting requirements. Within Europe, a European Standard also exists covering minimum Sports Lighting Levels EN 12193:2007. Most recommendations of individual sports lighting levels are divided into classes of play: Class I - Top Level Competition. Class II - Intermediate Level Competition. Class III - Lower Level Competition & Supervised Training.

Lighting for CTV broadcasting has specific requirements and recommendations (CIE No.83:1989). The table below provides a selection of recommended lighting levels for principle sports. Whilst every endeavour is undertaken to provide accurate information, Abacus Lighting recommended that the relevant Sports Guides and Standards or the appropriate individual Sport Governing body be consulted to ensure full compliance with requirements. Caution: Lighting specifications for locations outside UK may differ from those stated on this web site.

Recommendations of Minimum Lighting Levels (Table 1) Illuminance Level Glare (Em. Horizontal) Lux * Rating (Non CTV) Sport Class I Em Uo Class II Em Uo Class III Em Uo I II III (GR) CTV Broadcast ** Maximum camera shooting distance 50m 100m 150m Em.v Em.v Em.v Lux Lux Lux (Em. Vertical) Lux Illuminance Level

Lux Min/ave Lux Min/ave Lux Min/ave 50 Athletics 500 0.7 200 0.5 to 100 300 200 75 0.5

50 55 55

480

640

800

In Fld Baseball

750

0.7 0.5 0.7

500 300 200

0.7 0.5 0.6

0.5 0.3 0.5

50 50 55 50 50 55 50 50 55

900 680 680

1280 920 920

1600 1150 1150

Out Fld 500 Basketball 500

Bowls(Flat Green) 300 0.7 200 0.7 100 0.5 50 50 50 480 640 800 Sq 750 0.7 500 0.7 300 0.5 50 50 55 900 1280 1600 Cricket Grounds Field 500 0.5 300 0.5 200 0.3 50 50 55 680 950 1150 Equestrian 500 0.7 200 0.7 100 0.5 50 50 55 480 640 800 Football(soccer) 500 0.7 200 0.6 75 0.5 50 50 55 680 920 1150 Football(American) 500 0.7 200 0.6 75 0.5 50 50 55 680 920 1150 Hockey 500 0.7 200 0.7 200 0.7 50 50 55 680 920 1150 Horse Racing 200 0.6 100 0.4 50 0.2 50 50 55 480 640 800 Netball 500 0.7 200 0.6 75 0.5 50 50 55 680 920 1150 Rugby 500 0.7 200 0.6 75 0.5 50 50 55 680 920 1150 Tennis 500 0.7 300 0.7 200 0.6 50 50 55 680 920 1150 Volleyball 500 0.7 200 0.6 75 0.5 50 50 55 680 920 1150 * Em is the Maintained Illuminance Level (specification level) and is the Design illuminance level, below which the lighting should not be allowed to fall during the period to planned maintenance. ** CTV (Em. vertical) lighting levels incorporate a multiple of design illuminance uniformity checks; for further information see CIE No.83.