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# EECE 280 - Lab #4 Operational Amplifiers

## In this lab you will gain experience with:

1. 2. Operational Amplifiers. Standard Op-Amp circuits.

Requirements
1. 2. 3. 4. Tools & component kit TL072CN dual op-amp LM324N quad op-amp LM555CN timer

Lab Preparation
1. 2. 3. Obtain datasheets for all of the above components. Draw pinout in your lab book for both op-amps. Design a circuit using a 555 timer to generate a 2Hz clock.

## Lab Procedure A) Amplifier Circuits

1. 2. Sketch the circuit diagrams for a non-inverting amplifier and an inverting amplifier circuit, using an op-amp, in your lab book. Use one TL072 IC to build an amplifier circuit with a gain of +3 and another with a gain of -3. Use +15V for Vcc (Vcc+ on datasheet) and -15V for Vdd (Vcc- on datasheet), connect a 0.1F bypass capacitor across each power source, and use resistors no smaller than 1K for biasing the circuits. Use one LM324 IC to build an amplifier circuit with a gain of +3 and another with a gain of -3. Use +15V for Vcc and -15V for Vdd (Gnd on datasheet), connect a 0.1F bypass capacitor across each power source, and use resistors no smaller than 1K for biasing the circuits. Use your function generator to apply a 2Vp-p 1Khz sine wave (with 0 offset) to all four amplifier circuits. Sketch the four waveforms in your lab book. Comment on the difference between the circuits using the two different ICs. Increase the input voltage until the output wave is clipped. Sketch the waveforms for the two inverting circuits in your lab book. Comment on the difference between the circuits using the two different ICs. What is the specification in the two datasheets that is responsible for the difference in behaviour that you observe?

3.

4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

## B) Linear Algebra Circuits

1. Use a 555 timer to provide the 2Hz square wave in the following circuit. Note: Include bypass capacitors even though they are not explicitly shown. Use your signal generator to provide the 5Vp-p, 10Hz, sine wave. Note that your timer circuit has a 2.5V offset (it oscillates between 0 and 5V). Set your sine wave to 0V offset. Compute the dot product of the following two vectors: Vec1 = [V1 V2] Vec2 = [A B]
R42 3.3K R40 VCC 2K R41 15K TL072CN

2.

5Vp

5Vp-p
GND GND GND VDD

3.

4. 5. 6. 7. 1.

Sketch the output waveform. Explain how the circuit is a dot-product circuit. Provide equations for calculating A and B. Modify your circuit so that it uses 5VDC, available on your power supply, to eliminate the 2.5V offset of your oscillator circuit. Sketch the modified circuit and make the modification to your circuit.
R44 47K R43 Build the following circuits using a TL072 op1K amp. The first circuit is a differentiator and the 10nF second circuit is an integrator. Apply a 1KHz 3Vp-p 3Vp-p sine wave to each circuit. GND GND Note: Dont forget to connect Vcc and Vdd even though they are not explicitly shown. If you can10nF not see an output wave on your integrator circuit, R46 try adjusting the offset voltage setting. 10M R45 What is the marking for a 10nF capacitor? 100K Sketch the input and output of each circuit. 3Vp-p Change the input to a triangle wave. GND GND Sketch the input and output of each circuit. Adjust the offset on the signal generator. How is the output wave affected on each circuit? Does this make sense? Explain. Adjust the amplitude on the signal generator. How is the output wave affected on each circuit? Does this make sense? Explain. Adjust the frequency on the signal generator. How is the output wave affected on each circuit? Does this make sense? Explain.

C) Calculus Circuits

2.

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Demonstration
1. 2. 3. 4. Demonstrate your four inverting and non-inverting amplifier circuits (A5). Demonstrate your modified linear algebra circuit (B7). Demonstrate your differentiator circuit (C1). Demonstrate your integrator circuit (C1).