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STATE OF ISRAEL

WRRC 2011 Yuma, Arizona

The Master Plan for Desalination in Israel , 2020


Abraham Tenne
Head of Desalination Division and Water Technologies Chairman of the WDA (Water Desalination Administration)

STATE OF ISRAEL

The overall goal of the Israeli Water Authority


Assure that water will be sustainable, available, reliable, in the required quantities, locations and qualities.

STATE OF ISRAEL

Water demand forecast (MCM/Year)


Year Agriculture Industry Urban Aquifer rehabilitation Neighbors Nature Total demand 2008 430 85 730 0 130 7 1,382 2013 530 95 840 120 130 50 1,765 2015 530 100 880 130 150 50 1,840 2020 530 110 980 150 150 50 1,970

These figures do not include effluents, storm water and brackish water for irrigation in the amount of 500 MCM/Year.

STATE OF ISRAEL

Water resources including desalination (MCM/Year)


Year Natural resources Brackish water desalination Sea water desalination 2008 675 30 140 845 1,382 537 2013 1,170 50 545 1,765 ,1765 0 2015 1,170 70 600 1,840 ,1840 0 2020 1,170 70 750 1,990 1,970 -20

Total resources Total demand Gap

These figures do not include effluents, storm water and brackish water for irrigation in the amount of 500 MCM/Year.

STATE OF ISRAEL

CLOSING THE GAP


Water saving and efficient use of water.

Water wells purification and aquifers water quality improvement. Increasing capacity of waste water treatment and upgrading effluent quality. Desalination.

STATE OF ISRAEL

REDUCING WATER DEMAND


Water saving and efficient use of water
Media publications. Teaching activities in schools in all levels. Water leakage in piping (developing new technologies). Using water saving plantation (including new developments). Advanced irrigation systems (including new developments and improvements). Increasing water price .

STATE OF ISRAEL

Resources for increasing water supply (cont)


Water wells purification and aquifers water quality improvement.
Assisting in developing technologies for purifying wells Funding well purification projects. Operating wells on the eastern and western parts of the shore aquifer.

STATE OF ISRAEL

Resources for increasing water supply (cont)


Increasing capacity of waste water treatment and upgrading effluent quality.
Increasing effluent upgrading to a level of unlimited irrigation. Increasing construction of new water reuse systems. Encouraging more farmers to irrigate with effluent instead of fresh water.

STATE OF ISRAEL

Resources for increasing water supply (cont)


Brackish water Desalination
Increasing existing BWRO plants. Encouraging construction of new BWRO plants. Encouraging technology improvements for BWRO plants.

STATE OF ISRAEL

Resources for increasing water supply (cont)


Sea water Desalination
Increasing existing SWRO plants. Encouraging construction of new SWRO plants. Encouraging technology improvements for SWRO plants in Pretreatment and Post Treatment. Encouraging Energy Saving Technology improvements for SWRO plants.

STATE OF ISRAEL

Resources for increasing water supply


Brackish Water Desalination
Additional capacity , Water quality increase ,

total "
71.6495

80 70 60
"
52.9495 52.9495 65.0195 65.0195

MCM/Y

50 40 30 20 10 0 1990 1994 2003 2005 2006


19.3365 13.175 13.6 33.2765 34.7965 35.825 38.225

years

2007

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2015

STATE OF ISRAEL

Resources for increasing water supply (cont)


Sea Water Desalination (SWRO)
Sea Water Desalination Supply
Ashkelon Palmachim

Hadera

Ashdod

Sorek

Shomrat

Total "
700
595

545

600 500

385 295

400 300 200 100 0

271

166
112 34 114 42 115 120 130 120 130 60 30 120 45

150 130 100

120

150 130 100 45 50

45

45

20

2009

2010

2011 Years

2012

2013

2015

" CM/Y

STATE OF ISRAEL

National Plan 34/b/2 For desalination of 755 MCM/Year


Shomrat Haifa Bay

Capacity MCM/Year

Project Location Shomrat Haifa Bay Hadera Power plant Sorek Palmachim Asdod Industrial zone Ashdod power plant Ashkelon Eilat

30 30
Hadera

100 200

Shafdan Ashdod ind. Zone Ashdod Power Plant Ashkelon

Palmachim

100 150 45 100 20

SWRO Process Diagram

The Membrane

Agreements with Desalination Companies


BOT BOO TK

STATE OF ISRAEL

Water Desalination Prices ($) Per CM


(VAT not included)

Project name Fixed price Variable price Total price

Ashkelon

Palmachim

Hadera

Sorek

0.4 0.3 0.7

0.35 0.45 0.8

0.25 0.4 0.65

0.25 0.27 0.52

STATE OF ISRAEL

Connection to the National Grid Investment and Cost Per CM ($)


Project name Ashkelon Palmachim Hadera Investment ($) 30 M 8M 85 M date 1.2002 12.2003 6.2006 Cost per CM ($) 0.15 0.04 ~ 0.3

STATE OF ISRAEL

Desalination Water Quality


Quality parameter units Contractual Demands
Ashkelon Palmachim 80 0.4 7-8 -0.5 to 0.5 Hadera 20 0.3 7.5-8.5 0 to 0.5 >80 >60 <0.5 >75 <0.8 80-120 <0.5 10-15 0.2-0.3 8-8.5 0 to 0.5 45-50 90-110 0.15-0.2 30-40 0.3-0.38 8-8.5 0-0.5 40-45 85-95 0.15-0.3 10-15 0.2-0.3 8-8.5 0 to 0.5 > 80 80-120 0.2-0.5 Ashkelon Actual Palmachim Actual Hadera Actual

Chloride Boron pH LSI Alkalinity Hardness Turbidity

ppm ppm ppm

20 0.4 7.5-8.5 -0.2 to 0.5

ppm* ppm* NTU

* As CaCO3

Index
Operation stage Construction stage Pre tender stage Pre contract stage

Water supply August 2005 May 2007 2013 2013 December 2009 2010-2013Hadera (130)

Agreement method BOT BOO BOT - TK BOT

Capacity MCM/Year 100 30


150

Location Ashkelon Palmachim Sorek Ashdod Hadera expansions Total

100 100 160 650

Operation stage 12.2009

Construction stage, water supply 2013 (150) Operation stage 5.2007

sorek

750 650 400 36 130 145 160 100 280 295 300

(45) Palmachim

Tendering stage, water supply 2013 Ashdod (100)


(120) Ashkelon Operation stage 8.2005

4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 0 00 200 200 200 200 200 201 201 201 201 291 202 2

Main Water Supply System


Haifa Saphir station Sea of Galilee (Kinneret) National carrier 108 Jerusalem Eshkol reservoir
National carrier - length section

Eshkol reservoir

Tel Aviv

108

Sea of Galilee

SWRO facilities connection a revolution in National system operation

Barkai Reservoir Hadera Res. + Pump. St. Connection Pipe 80 Barkai Pump. St.

Western Line

Raanana St.

South Sharon

Elishema St. Horashim Res.

Western Line

Sorek Pump. St. and Res.

Cule Res. West Yarkon Line

Ashdod Pump. St. and Res.

The 5th Line To Jerusalem Hafetz Haiim

Neora

More Water Technologies


Advanced Filtration Systems. Advanced water leakage detection systems. Water saving and efficient use of water. Developing water saving plantation. Storm water treatment and collection. Water security.

Assisting the research for water technologies development


Funding research on water technologies. Assisting to build pilot plants for technical improvements. The Katamon Program to encourage water technologies developments. The Governmental Newtech program to promote water technologies. Funding a new research center for water technologies at Sde Boker. Funding water technologies conferences in Israel and abroad.

Promoting water studies in the educational systems


Promoting and developing water studies and educational programs in elementary and high schools. Encourage conferences and lectures in schools in water issues. Scholarship program for students in water studies for the second and third degree. Participating in water study centers in the existing desalination plants. Encourage professional educational programs of water technologies for professional technicians and engineers.

STATE OF ISRAEL

Energy in Desalination Plants


Reduced Specific Energy to 3.5 Kw/CM Every Desalination Plant will have its own IPP NG. Solar Panels at the new Desalination plants.

STATE OF ISRAEL

New Resources and Renewable Energy


The Israeli Infrastructure ministry had decided to have independent private power plants of a total capacity of 4000-5000 MW in the next 10 years. NG IPP Solar Energy Wind energy Pumped storage 2500-3000 MW 250-500 MW 250-400 MW 1000-1100 MW

STATE OF ISRAEL

Solar Energy- The Israeli Government decided to


build two solar power Plants in tow technologies:

Renewable Energy

Solar thermal plants for 80-110 MW Photo voltaic plant of 15-30 MW.

The PQ was published at 2009 and the tender will be published in few month.

The plants will start its production at 2014.

STATE OF ISRAEL

Solar thermal plants

Renewable Energy

Photo voltaic plants

STATE OF ISRAEL

Renewable Energy
Wind Energy- at present we have in Israel a wind turbine farm of 6 MW. The potential is 600 MW.

STATE OF ISRAEL

Renewable Energy
Pumped Storage Energy- There are already three approved projects of a total capacity of 700MW.

STATE OF ISRAEL

Concentrate to the sea:


Advanced defuses Monitoring plan

Environmental Aspects

Coagulants Lend Removal


Using NG instead coal power plants: Impurities reduction of 80% Green Chapter in the Desalination Tenders: Using local recycled material Environmental friendly design

STATE OF ISRAEL

Ashkelon Desalination plant


Construction started on January 2003 Beginning of operation August 2005 Production today 110 MCM/Y Production in 2010 120 MCM/Y

STATE OF ISRAEL

Palmachim Desalination plant


Construction started on January 2005 Beginning of operation June 2007 Production today 30 MCM/Y Production in 2010 45 MCM/Y

STATE OF ISRAEL

Hadera Desalination Plantl


Construction started on June 2007 Beginning of operation December 2009 Production in 2009 100 MCM/Y Production in 2010 130 MCM/Y

STATE OF ISRAEL

Sorek Desalination Plant-Model


Construction will start on July 2010 Beginning of operation July 2013 production on 2013, 70 MCM/Y Production in 2014, 150 MCM/Y

STATE OF ISRAEL

Thank you
Drought 2010-2011