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CONTENTS

TOPICS

Page no.

Certificates

Acknowledgement........................

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ABSTRACT.

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CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Introduction of the project

1.2 Project overview.

CHAPTER 2: EMBEDDED SYSTEMS


2.1 Introduction to embedded systems

2.2 Need of embedded systems.

2.3 Explanation of embedded systems

2.4 Applications of embedded systems

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CHAPTER 3: HARDWARE DESCRIPTION


3.1 Introduction with block diagram..

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3.2 Microcontroller...

18

3.3 Regulated power supply.

25

3.4 LED indicator......

37

3.5 MEMS Accelerometer sensor

40

3.6 RF module

48

3.7 Voice module

61

3.8 DC motors... 67

3.9 DC motor driver..... 70

CHAPTER 4: SOFTWARE DESCRIPTION


4.1 Express PCB 74
4.2 PIC C Compiler... 77
4.3 Proteus software.. 78

4.4 Procedural steps for compilation, simulation and dumping

78

CHAPTER 5: PROJECT DESCRIPTION

90

CHAPTER 6: ADVANTAGES, DISADVANTAGES..

93

CHAPTER 7: RESULTS, CONCLUSION, FUTURE PROSPECTS.

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REFERENCES

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LIST OF FIGURES
Figure

Page No.

2.1

A modern example of Embedded system..

2.2

Network communication Embedded system.

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2.3

Automatic Coffee makes equipment..

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2.4

Fax machine.

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2.5

Printing machine.

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2.6

Robot.

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2.7 Computer networking..

14

2.8 Cell Phone

15

2.9 Web camera..

15

3.1 Block diagram of HMOC ROBO for physically disabled.

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3.2 Microcontrollers. 18
3.3 Architecture of PIC microcontroller.. 21
3.4 Pin Diagram of PIC16F877. 23
3.3.2 Regulated Power Supply.. 26
3.3.3 Circuit diagram of Regulated Power Supply with Led connection 26
3.3.4 Step-Down Transformer.

28

3.3.5 Hi-Watt 9V Battery..

29

3.3.6 Pencil Battery of 1.5V.. 30


3.3.7 Bridge rectifier.. 32

3.3.8 DB107.. 32
3.3.9 Construction Of a Capacitor......

33

3.3.10 Electrolytic Capacitor 33


3.3.11 Voltage Regulator. 36
3.3.12 Resistor .

37

3.3.13 Color Bands In Resistor

37

3.4.1 Inside a LED .

38

3.4.2 Parts of a LED.. 38


3.4.3 Electrical Symbol & Polarities of LED.. 39
3.5.1 MEMS sensor MMA7260Q.. 40
3.6.1 315/434 MHz TRANSMITTER.. 48
3.6.2 433 MHz RF Transmitter STT-433 49
3.6.3 315/434 MHz RECEIVER... 52
3.7.2 APR9600 Experimental board.. 62
3.7.6 Speaker 66
3.8.1 DC Motor 68
3.8.2 Simple electrical diagram of DC motor .

69

3.8.3 Operation of a DC Motor 70


3.9.1 L293D IC...

71

3.9.2 L293D Pin ..

71

3.9.3 Internal structure of L293D..

71

4 Tool bar necessary for the interface.. 75


4.1 Picture of opening a new file using PIC C compiler.. 79
4.2 Picture of compiling a new file using PIC C compiler

80

4.3 Picture of compiling a project.c file using PIC C compiler

80

4.4 Picture of checking errors and warnings using PIC C compiler.


4.5 Picture of .hex file existing using PIC C compiler

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4.6 Picture of program dumper window 83


4.7 Picture of checking communications before dumping program into microcontroller 84
4.8 Picture after connecting the dumper to microcontroller 85
4.9 Picture of dumper recognition to microcontroller 86
4.10 Picture of program importing into the microcontroller.. 87
4.11 Picture of program browsing which is to be dumped. 88
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4.12 Picture after program dumped into the microcontroller


5.1Schematic diagram of HMOC ROBO for physically challenged .

92