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Nguyen 1 Paul M.

Nguyen Contemporary Philosophy, O'Connor November 12, 2011 Term Paper on Diversity in the Catholic Church and in Political Liberalism Outline I. Introduction A. Definitions & Scope 1. Political Liberalism: according to Rawls to create an enduringly just and stable society 2. Catholic Church: in the propagation of the faith and encountering diversity 3. Diversity: understood as a plurality of cultural traditions (including morals, norms, customs, language, and creed) B. In Political Liberalism and in the Catholic Church, how are diverse persons met and to what extent and in what manner does each include or exclude them? II. Diversity in Political Liberalism A. diversity of cultures is irrelevant (closed society) B. diversity of comprehensive doctrines is given by the definition of democratic pluralist society C. diversity of these doctrines becomes irrelevant for achieving socio-political stability because the consensus of persons holding those diverse doctrines (precisely excluding their differences in doctrine) is all that matters. D. persons in a society may employ the aspects of their doctrines and culture that fall outside of the governing consensus in non-public arenas, including within the family and within their churches or other organizations. E. over generations of a closed society, at least initially pluralistic, the aspect of pluralism may easily diminish as successive generations grow together III. Diversity in the Catholic Church A. diversity of cultures is welcomed B. aspects of cultures not contrary to articles of faith and teaching are brought in C. languages proper to diverse peoples are incorporated; official texts are provided in their language; missionaries learn the local languages and customs D. people of contrary moral views are welcomed in their humanity though their views confronted E. areas of partial agreement: hope & optimism for full reconciliation with recognition of those aspects already harmonious and those yet contrary IV. Points of compatibility with respect to diversity A. neither denies the reality of diversity in contemporary constitutional democracies B. both at least attempt to include diverse persons V. Conclusion

Nguyen 2 Bibliography Eberle, Christopher J. Religious Conviction in Liberal Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002. Habermas, Jurgen and Ratzinger, Joseph. The Dialectics of Secularization: On Reason and Religion. San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 2006. Pope John XXIII. Pacem in Terris, encyclical letter on establishing universal peace in truth, justice, charity, and liberty. April 11, 1963. Pope John Paul II. The Church's Universality and Diversity. September 27, 1989 Pope John Paul II. Unity Results from Legitimate Diversity. June 28, 1995. Putnam, Robert D. and Campbell, David E. American grace : how religion divides and unites us. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2010. Rawls, John. Political Liberalism. New York: Columbia University Press, 2005. Ratzinger, Joseph. Christianity and the Crisis of Cultures. San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 2005. Ratzinger, Joseph and Pera, Marcella. Without Roots: The West, Relativism, Christianity and Islam. New York: Basic Books, 2006. Reichley, James. Religion in American Public Life. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution, 1985. Second Vatican Council. Decree On Ecumenism: Unitatis Redintegratio. November 21, 1964. Second Vatican Council. Dogmatic Constitution on the Church: Lumen Gentium. November 21, 1964. Second Vatican Council. Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World: Gaudium et Spes. December 7, 1965.