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Ansoft HFSS – User Guide Chapter 1 - Introduction ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary
Ansoft HFSS – User Guide
Chapter 1 - Introduction
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February 20, 2009
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Introduction

Ansoft HFSS – User Guide

Training Manual Ansoft HFSS for SI – User Guide

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TrainingTraining ManualManual

Inventory Number: 002704

3 rd Edition

HFSS Release: 11.1

Published Date: February 20, 2009

Registered Trademarks:

ANSYS ® is a registered trademark of SAS IP Inc. All other product names mentioned in this manual are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective manufacturers.

Disclaimer Notice:

This document has been reviewed and approved in accordance with the ANSYS, Inc. Documentation Review and Approval Procedures. “This ANSYS Inc. software product (the Program) and program documentation (Documentation) are furnished by ANSYS, Inc. under an ANSYS Software License Agreement that contains provisions concerning non-disclosure, copying, length and nature of use, warranties, disclaimers and remedies, and other provisions. The Program and Documentation may be used or copied only in accordance with the terms of that License Agreement.”

Copyright © 2008 SAS IP, Inc. Proprietary data. Unauthorized use, distribution, or duplication is prohibited. All Rights Reserved.

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Introduction

Ansoft HFSS – User Guide

Table of Contents

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1. Introduction

1-1

6. Examples – Microwave

 

Table of Contents

1-3

Magic T

6.1

Welcome to Ansoft HFSS

1-4

Coax Connector

6.2

Getting Help

1-7

180Ring Hybrid

6.3

Ansoft Desktop

1-9

Coax Stub

6.4

Simulation Overview

1-18

Microstrip – Wave Port

6.5

 

Ferrite Circulator

6.6

2. Simulation Basics

2-1

 
 

7. Examples – Filters

 

3. Boundary Conditions

3-1

Bandpass Filter

7.1

4. Appendix – Boundary Conditions

4-1

8. Examples – Signal Integrity

 

LVDS Differential Pair

8.1

5. Examples – Antenna

UHF Probe

5.1

Segmented Return Path

Non-ideal Planes

Return Path

8.2

8.3

8.4

Conical Horn

5.2

 

Probe Fed Patch

5.3

Slot Coupled Patch

5.4

9. Examples – On-Chip

 

Endfire Waveguide Array

5.5

Spiral Inductor

9.1

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Introduction

Ansoft HFSS – User Guide

Welcome to Ansoft HFSS

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What is HFSS?

HFSS is a high-performance full-wave electromagnetic(EM) field simulator for arbitrary 3D volumetric passive device modeling that takes advantage of the familiar Microsoft Windows graphical user interface. It integrates simulation, visualization, solid modeling, and automation in an easy-to-learn environment where solutions to your 3D EM problems are quickly and accurately obtained. Ansoft HFSS employs the Finite Element Method(FEM), adaptive meshing, and brilliant graphics to give you unparalleled performance and insight to all of your 3D EM problems. Ansoft HFSS can be used to calculate parameters such as S-Parameters, Resonant Frequency, and Fields. Typical uses include:

Package Modeling – BGA, QFP, Flip-Chip

PCB Board Modeling – Power/Ground planes, Mesh Grid Grounds, Backplanes

Silicon/GaAs - Spiral Inductors, Transformers

EMC/EMI – Shield Enclosures, Coupling, Near- or Far-Field Radiation

Antennas/Mobile Communications – Patches, Dipoles, Horns, Conformal Cell Phone Antennas, Quadrafilar Helix, Specific Absorption Rate(SAR), Infinite Arrays, Radar Cross Section(RCS), Frequency Selective Surfaces(FSS)

Connectors – Coax, SFP/XFP, Backplane, Transitions

Waveguide – Filters, Resonators, Transitions, Couplers

Filters – Cavity Filters, Microstrip, Dielectric

HFSS is an interactive simulation system whose basic mesh element is a tetrahedron. This allows you to solve any arbitrary 3D geometry, especially those with complex curves and shapes, in a fraction of the time it would take using other techniques.

The name HFSS stands for High Frequency Structure Simulator. Ansoft pioneered the use of the Finite Element Method(FEM) for EM simulation by developing/implementing technologies such as tangential vector finite elements, adaptive meshing, and Adaptive Lanczos-Pade Sweep(ALPS). Today, HFSS continues to lead the industry with innovations such as Modes-to-Nodes and Full-Wave Spice™.

Ansoft HFSS has evolved over a period of years with input from many users and industries. In industry, Ansoft HFSS is the tool of choice for high-productivity research, development, and virtual prototyping.

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Introduction

Ansoft HFSS – User Guide

Installing the Ansoft HFSS software

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System Requirements

For up-to-date information, refer to the HFSS Installation Guide

Installing the Ansoft HFSS Software

For up-to-date information, refer to the HFSS Installation Guide

Starting Ansoft HFSS

1. Click the Microsoft Start button, select Programs, and select the Ansoft, HFSS 11 program group. Click HFSS 11.

2. Or Double click on the HFSS 11 icon on the Windows Desktop

Or Double click on the HFSS 11 icon on the Windows Desktop NOTE:NOTE:NOTE:NOTE: YouYouYouYou shouldshouldshouldshould
NOTE:NOTE:NOTE:NOTE: YouYouYouYou shouldshouldshouldshould makemakemakemake backupbackupbackupbackup
NOTE:NOTE:NOTE:NOTE: YouYouYouYou shouldshouldshouldshould makemakemakemake backupbackupbackupbackup copiescopiescopiescopies ofofofof allallallall HFSSHFSSHFSSHFSS prprprprojectsojectsojectsojects createdcreatecreatecreateddd withwithwithwith aaaa
previouspreviouspreviousprevious versionversionversionversion ofofofof thethethethe softwaresoftwaresoftwaresoftware beforebeforebeforebefore openingopeningopeningopening thethethethemmmm inininin HFSSHFSSHFSSHFSS v11v11v11v11

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Ansoft HFSS – User Guide

Web Update

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WebUpdate

This feature allows you to update any existing Ansoft software from the WebUpdate window. This feature automatically scans your system to find any Ansoft software, and then allows you to download any updates if they are available.

allows you to download any updates if they are available. ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary

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Introduction

Ansoft HFSS – User Guide

Getting Help

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Getting Help

If you have any questions while you are using Ansoft HFSS you can find answers in several ways:

Ansoft HFSS Online Help provides assistance while you are working.

To get help about a specific, active dialog box, click the Help button in the dialog box or press the F1 key.

Select the menu item Help > Contents to access the online help system.

Tooltips are available to provide information about tools on the toolbars or dialog boxes. When you hold the pointer over a tool for a brief time, a tooltip appears to display the name of the tool.

As you move the pointer over a tool or click a menu item, the Status Bar at the bottom of the Ansoft HFSS window provides a brief description of the function of the tool or menu item.

The Ansoft HFSS Getting Started guide provides detailed information about using HFSS to create and solve 3D EM projects.

Ansoft Technical Support

To contact Ansoft technical support staff in your geographical area, please log on to the Ansoft corporate website, www.ansoft.com and select Contact. Your Ansoft sales engineer may also be contacted in order to obtain this information.

Visiting the Ansoft Web Site

If your computer is connected to the Internet, you can visit the Ansoft Web site to learn more about the Ansoft company and products.

From the Ansoft Desktop

Select the menu item Help > Ansoft Corporate Website to access the Online Technical Support (OTS) system.

From your Internet browser

Visit www.ansoft.com

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Getting Help

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For Technical Support

The following link will direct you to the Ansoft Support Page. The Ansoft Support Pages provide additional documentation, training, and application notes.

Web Site: http://www.ansoft.com/support.cfm

Technical Support:

9-4 EST:

Pittsburgh, PA

(412) 261-3200 x0 – Ask for Technical Support

Burlington, MA

(781) 229-8900 x0 – Ask for Technical Support

9-4 PST:

San Jose, CA

(408) 261-9095 x0 – Ask for Technical Support

Portland, OR

(503) 906-7944

Irvine, CA

(714) 417-9311 x6

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Ansoft Desktop Terms

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Ansoft Desktop Terms

The Ansoft HFSS Desktop has several optional panels:

A Project Manager which contains a design tree which lists the structure of the project.

A Message Manager that allows you to view any errors or warnings that occur before you begin a simulation.

A Property Window that displays and allows you to change model parameters or attributes.

A Progress Window that displays solution progress.

A 3D Modeler Window which contains the model and model tree for the active design.

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Ansoft HFSS Desktop

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MenuMenuMenuMenu barbarbarbar
MenuMenuMenuMenu
barbarbarbar
TrainingTraining ManualManual MenuMenuMenuMenu barbarbarbar PropertyPropertyPropertyProperty WindowWindowWindowWindow

PropertyPropertyPropertyProperty WindowWindowWindowWindow

PropertyPropertyPropertyProperty WindowWindowWindowWindow ToolbarsToolbarsToolbarsToolbars 3D3D3D3D

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WindowWindowWindowWindow ProjectProjectProjectProject ManagerManagerManagerManager withwithwithwith

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ManagerManagerManagerManager

MessageMessageMessageMessage ManagerManagerManagerManager CoordinateCoordinateCoordinateCoordinate
MessageMessageMessageMessage ManagerManagerManagerManager CoordinateCoordinateCoordinateCoordinate

CoordinateCoordinateCoordinateCoordinate EntryEntryEntryEntry FieldsFieldsFieldsFields

EntryEntryEntryEntry FieldsFieldsFieldsFields StatusStatusStatusStatus barbarbarbar ANSYS, Inc.

StatusStatusStatusStatus

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StatusStatusStatusStatus barbarbarbar ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary © ©
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Ansoft Desktop Terms

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Project Manager

ProjectProjectProjectProject ManagerManagerManagerManager WindowWindowWindowWindow

ManagerManagerManagerManager WindowWindowWindowWindow ProjectProjectProjectProject DesignDesignDesignDesign
ManagerManagerManagerManager WindowWindowWindowWindow ProjectProjectProjectProject DesignDesignDesignDesign

ProjectProjectProjectProject

DesignDesignDesignDesign AutomationAutomationAutomationAutomation

•ParametricParametricParametricParametric

•OptimizationOptimizationOptimizationOptimization

•SensitivitySensitivitySensitivitySensitivity

•StatisticalStatisticalStatisticalStatistical

DesignDesignDesignDesign

DesignDesignDesignDesign SetupSetupSetupSetup

DesignDesignDesignDesign ResultsResultsResultsResults

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Ansoft Desktop Terms

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Property Window

PropertyPropertyPropertyProperty WindowWindowWindowWindow PropertyPropertyPropertyProperty tabletabletabletable
PropertyPropertyPropertyProperty WindowWindowWindowWindow
PropertyPropertyPropertyProperty
tabletabletabletable

PropertyPropertyPropertyProperty tabstabstabstabs

PropertyPropertyPropertyProperty

buttonsbuttonsbuttonsbuttons

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Ansoft Desktop Terms

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Ansoft 3D Modeler

3D3D3D3D ModelerModelerModelerModeler WindowWindowWindowWindow

ModelerModelerModelerModeler WindowWindowWindowWindow GraphicsGraphicsGraphicsGraphics ModelModelModelModel
GraphicsGraphicsGraphicsGraphics ModelModelModelModel areaareaareaarea 3D3D3D3D ModelerModelerModelerModeler
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EdgeEdgeEdgeEdge
designdesigndesigndesign treetreetreetree
VertexVertexVertexVertex
ContextContextContextContext menumenumenumenu
CoordinateCoordinateCoordinateCoordinate SystemSystemSystemSystem (CS)(CS)(CS)(CS)
OriginOriginOriginOrigin
FaceFaceFaceFace
ModelModelModelModel

PlanePlanePlanePlane

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Ansoft Desktop Terms

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3D Modeler Design Tree

TrainingTraining ManualManual • 3D Modeler Design Tree GroupedGroupedGroupedGrouped bybybyby
TrainingTraining ManualManual • 3D Modeler Design Tree GroupedGroupedGroupedGrouped bybybyby

GroupedGroupedGroupedGrouped bybybyby MaterialMaterialMaterialMaterial

MaterialMaterialMaterialMaterial

ObjectObjectObjectObject

ObjectObjectObjectObject CommandCommandCommandCommand

HistoryHistoryHistoryHistory

CommandCommandCommandCommand HistoryHistoryHistoryHistory ObjectObjectObjectObject ViewViewViewView ANSYS, Inc.

ObjectObjectObjectObject ViewViewViewView

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Ansoft HFSS – User Guide

Design Windows

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Design Windows

In the Ansoft HFSS Desktop, each project can have multiple designs and each design is displayed in a separate window.

You can have multiple projects and design windows open at the same time. Also, you can have multiple views of the same design visible at the same time.

To arrange the windows, you can drag them by the title bar, and resize them by dragging a corner or border. Also, you can select one of the following menu options: Window >Cascade, Window >Tile Vertically, or Window > Tile Horizontally.

To organize your Ansoft HFSS window, you can iconize open designs. Click the Iconize ** symbol in the upper right corner of the document border. An icon appears in the lower part of the Ansoft HFSS window. If the icon is not visible, it may be behind another open document. Resize any open documents as necessary. Select the menu item Window > Arrange Icons to arrange them at the bottom of the Ansoft HFSS window.

Select the menu item Window > Close All to close all open design. You are prompted to Save unsaved designs.

DesignDesignDesignDesign iconsiconsiconsicons

designs. DesignDesignDesignDesign iconsiconsiconsicons IconizeIconizeIconizeIconize SymbolSymbolSymbolSymbol ANSYS,

IconizeIconizeIconizeIconize

SymbolSymbolSymbolSymbol

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Toolbars

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Toolbars

The toolbar buttons are shortcuts for frequently used commands. Most of the available toolbars are displayed in this illustration of the Ansoft HFSS initial screen, but your Ansoft HFSS window probably will not be arranged this way. You can customize your toolbar display in a way that is convenient for you.

Some toolbars are always displayed; other toolbars display automatically when you select a document of the related type. For example, when you select a 2D report from the project tree, the 2D report toolbar displays.

from the project tree, the 2D report toolbar displays. • To display or hide individual toolbars:

To display or hide individual toolbars:

Right-click the Ansoft HFSS window frame.

A list of all the toolbars is displayed. The toolbars with a check mark beside them are visible; the toolbars without

a check mark are hidden. Click the toolbar name to turn its display on or off

To make changes to the toolbars, select the menu item Tools > Customize. See Customize and Arrange Toolbars on the next page.

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Toolbars

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Customize and Arrange Toolbars

To customize toolbars:

Select the menu item Tools > Customize, or right-click the Ansoft HFSS window frame and click Customize at the bottom of the toolbar list.

In the Customize dialog, you can do the following:

View a Description of the toolbar commands 1.Select an item from the Component pull-down list 2.Select an item from the Category list 3.Using the mouse click on the Buttons to display the Description 4.Click the Close button when you are finished

Toggle the visibility of toolbars 1.From the Toolbar list, toggle the check boxes to control the visibility of the toolbars

2.Click the Close button when you are finished

toolbars 2. Click the Close button when you are finished ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary

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Ansoft HFSS – User Guide

Overview

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Ansoft HFSS Desktop

The Ansoft HFSS Desktop provides an intuitive, easy-to-use interface for developing passive RF device models. Creating designs, involves the following:

1. Parametric Model Generation – creating the geometry, boundaries and excitations

2. Analysis Setup – defining solution setup and frequency sweeps

3. Results – creating 2D reports and field plots

4. Solve Loop - the solution process is fully automated

To understand how these processes co-exist, examine the illustration shown on the next page.

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Overview

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DesignDesignDesignDesign SolutionSolutionSolutionSolution TypeTypeTypeType BoundariesBoundariesBoundariesBoundaries
DesignDesignDesignDesign
SolutionSolutionSolutionSolution TypeTypeTypeType
BoundariesBoundariesBoundariesBoundaries
ParametricParametricParametricParametric ModelModelModelModel
Geometry/MaterialsGeometry/MaterialsGeometry/MaterialsGeometry/Materials
ExcitationsExcitationsExcitationsExcitations
MeshMeshMeshMesh
OperationsOperationsOperationsOperations
AnalysisAnalysisAnalysisAnalysis
SolutionSolutionSolutionSolution SetupSetupSetupSetup
FrequencyFrequencyFrequencyFrequency SweepSweepSweepSweep
MeshMeshMeshMesh
AnalyzeAnalyzeAnalyzeAnalyze
SolveSolveSolveSolve
RefinementRefinementRefinementRefinement
ResultsResultsResultsResults
2D2D2D2D ReportsReportsReportsReports
NONONONO
ConvergedConvergedConvergedConverged
FieldsFieldsFieldsFields
SolveSolveSolveSolve LoopLoopLoopLoop
YESYESYESYES
UpdateUpdateUpdateUpdate
FinishedFinishedFinishedFinished

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Ansoft HFSS – User Guide

Opening a Design

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Opening a HFSS project

This section describes how to open a new or existing project.

Opening a New project

To open a new project:

1. In an Ansoft HFSS window, select the menu item File > New.

2. Select the menu Project > Insert HFSS Design.

. 2. Select the menu Project > Insert HFSS Design . – Opening an Existing HFSS

Opening an Existing HFSS project

To open an existing project:

1. In an Ansoft HFSS window, select the menu File > Open. Use the Open dialog to select the project.

2. Click Open to open the project

Opening an Existing Project from Explorer

You can open a project directly from the Microsoft Windows Explorer.

To open a project from Windows Explorer, do one of the following:

Double-click on the name of the project in Windows Explorer.

Right-click the name of the project in Windows Explorer and select Open from the shortcut menu.

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Ansoft HFSS – User Guide

Set Solution Type

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Set Solution Type

This section describes how to set the Solution Type. The Solution Type defines the type of results, how the excitations are defined, and the convergence. The following Solution Types are available:

1. Driven Modal - calculates the modal-based S-parameters. The S-matrix solutions will be expressed in terms of the incident and reflected powers of waveguide modes.

2. Driven Terminal - calculates the terminal-based S-parameters of multi-conductor transmission line ports. The S- matrix solutions will be expressed in terms of terminal voltages and currents.

3. Eignemode – calculate the eigenmodes, or resonances, of a structure. The Eigenmode solver finds the resonant frequencies of the structure and the fields at those resonant frequencies.

Convergence

Driven Modal – Delta S for modal S-Parameters.

This was the only convergence method available for Driven

Solutions in previous versions.

Driven Terminal – Delta S for the single-ended or differential nodal S-Parameters.

Eigenmode - Delta F

• Eigenmode - Delta F

To set the solution type:

1. Select the menu item HFSS > Solution Type

2. Solution Type Window:

1. Choose one of the following:

1.Driven Modal 2.Driven Terminal

3.Eigenmode

2. Click the OK button

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Ansoft HFSS – User Guide

Converting older files

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Converting Older HFSS file to HFSS v11

Because of changes to the HFSS files with the development of HFSS v11, opening a HFSS document from an earlier release may take more time than you are used to experiencing. However, once the file has been opened and saved, subsequent opening time will return to normal

Ansoft HFSS v11 provides a way for you to automatically convert your HFSS projects from an earlier version to the HFSS v11 format.

To access HFSS projects in an earlier version.

From HFSS v11,

1. Select the menu item File > Open

2. Open dialog 1.Files of Type: Ansoft HFSS Project Files (.hfss) 2.Browse to the existing project and select the .hfss file 3.Click the Open button

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Ansoft HFSS - User Guide Chapter 2 – Simulation Basics ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary ANSYS, Inc.
Ansoft HFSS - User Guide
Chapter 2 – Simulation Basics
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What is HFSS (High Frequency Structure Simulator)?

“HFSS is the industry-standard software for S-parameter, full-wave SPICE extraction and electromagnetic simulation of high-frequency and high-speed components. HFSS is widely used for the design of on-chip embedded passives, PCB interconnects, antennas, RF/microwave components, and high-frequency IC packages.”

“HFSS improves engineering productivity, reduces development time, and better assures first-pass design success. The latest release of HFSS delivers significant productivity gains to Microwave/RF engineers and expands electromagnetic co-design to a new segment of engineers working in the areas of RF/analog IC and multi-gigabit designs as well as EMI/EMC.”

IC and multi-gigabit designs as well as EMI/EMC.” ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary © ©

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GUIGUIGUIGUI

– User Guide TrainingTraining ManualManual GUIGUIGUIGUI MeshMeshMeshMesh SolverSolverSolverSolver ANSYS, Inc.
MeshMeshMeshMesh
MeshMeshMeshMesh
SolverSolverSolverSolver
SolverSolverSolverSolver

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Introduction

Ansoft HFSS – User Guide

HFSS – Methodology

Introduction Ansoft HFSS – User Guide HFSS – Methodology TrainingTraining ManualManual

TrainingTraining ManualManual

HFSS uses the Finite Element Method (FEM) to solve Maxwell‘s equations.

The primary advantage of the FEM for solving partial differential equations lies in the ability of the basic building blocks used to discretize the model to confrom to arbitrary geometry.

The arbitrary shape of the basic building block (tetrahedron) also allows HFSS to generate a coarse mesh where fewer cells are needed to yield an accuate solution, while creating a finely discretized mesh where the field is rapidly varying or higher accuaracy is needed to obtain an accurate global solution.

The FEM has been a standard for solving electromagnetic problems since the inception of HFSS in 1990.

The FEM has been a standard for solving problems in structure mechanics since the mid 1950‘s.

problems in structure mechanics since the mid 1950‘s. TetrahedronTetrahedronTetrahedronTetrahedron ANSYS, Inc.

TetrahedronTetrahedronTetrahedronTetrahedron

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Ansoft HFSS – User Guide

HFSS - Technology

Introduction Ansoft HFSS – User Guide HFSS - Technology TrainingTraining ManualManual

TrainingTraining ManualManual

Tangential Vector Finite Elements

ManualManual • Tangential Vector Finite Elements Vertex:Vertex:Vertex:Vertex:

Vertex:Vertex:Vertex:Vertex: ExplicitlyExplicitlyExplicitlyExplicitly

SolvedSolvedSolvedSolved

Edge:Edge:Edge:Edge: ExplicitlyExplicitlyExplicitlyExplicitly

SolvedSolvedSolvedSolved

Face:Face:Face:Face:

InterpolatedInterpolatedInterpolatedInterpolated

Transfinite Element Method

• Transfinite Element Method • Adaptive Meshing InitialInitialInitialInitial
• Transfinite Element Method • Adaptive Meshing InitialInitialInitialInitial

Adaptive Meshing

• Transfinite Element Method • Adaptive Meshing InitialInitialInitialInitial
InitialInitialInitialInitial
InitialInitialInitialInitial
Method • Adaptive Meshing InitialInitialInitialInitial ConvergedConvergedConvergedConverged ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary
Method • Adaptive Meshing InitialInitialInitialInitial ConvergedConvergedConvergedConverged ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary

ConvergedConvergedConvergedConverged

ConvergedConvergedConvergedConverged ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary © ©

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Introduction

Ansoft HFSS – User Guide

HFSS – Automated solution process

Introduction Ansoft HFSS – User Guide HFSS – Automated solution process TrainingTraining ManualManual

TrainingTraining ManualManual

The “Solve”

Start Create Initial Mesh Solve fields using the Finite Element Method Generate New Mesh no
Start
Create Initial
Mesh
Solve fields using the
Finite Element Method
Generate New Mesh
no
Max(| S|)<goal?
Calculate local
Solution error
yes
Calculate broad band
s-parameters (if desired)

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Ansoft HFSS – User Guide

1D FEM Example

Introduction Ansoft HFSS – User Guide 1D FEM Example TrainingTraining ManualManual

TrainingTraining ManualManual

The finite element method (FEM) can be used to approximate the unknown curve F(x).

F(x)

1

0

w 2 w 3 w 4 w 5 w 6 w 0 w 1 x
w 2
w 3
w 4
w 5
w 6
w 0
w 1
x
1
2 3
4
5 6

The model is “discretized” into 6 individual cells. w 0 w 6 are the piecewise linear “basis functions” from which the approximate solution will be built.

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1D FEM Example

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TrainingTraining ManualManual

In the FEM, the unknown function is expressed as a weighted sum of the piecewise continuous basis functions.

F(x)

1

sum of the piecewise continuous basis functions. F(x) 1 F’(x)= a w i i x Node
F’(x)= a w i i x Node 1 2 3 4 5 6
F’(x)= a w
i
i
x
Node 1
2
3
4
5
6

TheTheTheThe approximateapproximateapproximateapproximate solutionsolutionsolutionsolution resultingresultingresultingresulting fromfromfromfrom thethethethe FEMFEMFEMFEM calculationcalculationcalculationcalculation isisisis F’(x) shownshownshownshown asasasas aaaa dotteddotteddotteddotted line.line.line.line.

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Ansoft HFSS – User Guide

1D FEM Example

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TrainingTraining ManualManual

A key feature of the FEM, as it is implemented in HFSS, is the ability to locally determine the error. Recall that F(x) is not known, but the ERROR can be determined 1 .

F(x)

Error!

F’(x)= a w i i x Node 1 2 3 4 5 6
F’(x)= a w
i
i
x
Node 1
2
3
4
5
6

1 D. K. Sun, Z. Cendes, J.-Fa Lee, „Adaptive Mesh Refinement, h-Version, for Solving Multiport Microwave Devices in Three Dimensions, IEEE Trans Magnetics, pp 1596-1599, Vol. 36, N.4, July 2000

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1D FEM Example

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TrainingTraining ManualManual

The mesh density is increased where the error is largest. Hence, the final (and computationally most expensive) solution will have a mesh that yields the greatest accuracy with the fewest possible mesh cells.

F(x)

1

F’(x)= a w i i x Node 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
F’(x)= a w
i
i
x
Node 1
2
3
4
5
6
7

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Ansoft HFSS – User Guide

The key to success

Introduction Ansoft HFSS – User Guide The key to success TrainingTraining ManualManual

TrainingTraining ManualManual

Finite elements and adaptive meshing

Optimal, geometrically conformal mesh created automatically by the software

Remove requirements for “meshing expertise”

• Remove requirements for “meshing expertise” Vertex:Vertex:Vertex:Vertex:
• Remove requirements for “meshing expertise” Vertex:Vertex:Vertex:Vertex:

Vertex:Vertex:Vertex:Vertex: ExplicitlyExplicitlyExplicitlyExplicitly SolvedSolvedSolvedSolved

Edge:Edge:Edge:Edge: ExplicitlyExplicitlyExplicitlyExplicitly SolvedSolvedSolvedSolved

Face:Face:Face:Face: InterpolatedInterpolatedInterpolatedInterpolated

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Ansoft HFSS – User Guide

Adaptive Meshing - Example

Introduction Ansoft HFSS – User Guide Adaptive Meshing - Example TrainingTraining ManualManual

TrainingTraining ManualManual

Example

11.5GHz patch antenna

Mesh elements concentrate at the perimeter of the patch

Optimal mesh automatically generated by HFSS

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Introduction

Ansoft HFSS – User Guide

Quick Start

Introduction Ansoft HFSS – User Guide Quick Start TrainingTraining ManualManual

TrainingTraining ManualManual

Quick Example – Coax Tee

ManualManual • Quick Example – Coax Tee CoaxCoaxCoaxCoax CenterCenterCenterCenter PinPinPinPin

CoaxCoaxCoaxCoax CenterCenterCenterCenter PinPinPinPin

CoaxCoaxCoaxCoax DielectricDielectricDielectricDielectric

OuterOuterOuterOuter BoundaryBoundaryBoundaryBoundary

CoaxCoaxCoaxCoax ShieldShieldShieldShield

HFSS – High Frequency Structure Simulator

Full-Wave 3D field solver

–

Solves for the fields in an arbitrary volume

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Ansoft HFSS – User Guide

HFSS – Start to Finish

Introduction Ansoft HFSS – User Guide HFSS – Start to Finish TrainingTraining ManualManual

TrainingTraining ManualManual

• The Process DesignDesignDesignDesign SolutionSolutionSolutionSolution TypeTypeTypeType
• The Process
DesignDesignDesignDesign
SolutionSolutionSolutionSolution TypeTypeTypeType
BoundariesBoundariesBoundariesBoundaries
ParametricParametricParametricParametric ModelModelModelModel
Geometry/MaterialsGeometry/MaterialsGeometry/MaterialsGeometry/Materials
ExcitationsExcitationsExcitationsExcitations
MeshMeshMeshMesh
OperationsOperationsOperationsOperations
AnalysisAnalysisAnalysisAnalysis
SolutionSolutionSolutionSolution SetupSetupSetupSetup
FrequencyFrequencyFrequencyFrequency SweepSweepSweepSweep
MeshMeshMeshMesh
AnalyzeAnalyzeAnalyzeAnalyze
SolveSolveSolveSolve
RefinementRefinementRefinementRefinement
ResultsResultsResultsResults
2D2D2D2D ReportsReportsReportsReports
NONONONO
ConvergedConvergedConvergedConverged
FieldsFieldsFieldsFields
SolveSolveSolveSolve LoopLoopLoopLoop
YESYESYESYES
UpdateUpdateUpdateUpdate
FinishedFinishedFinishedFinished

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Ansoft HFSS – User Guide

Introduction Ansoft HFSS – User Guide TrainingTraining ManualManual

TrainingTraining ManualManual

Starting HFSS

Click the Microsoft Start button, select Programs, and select Ansoft > HFSS 11 > HFSS 11

Or Double click on the HFSS 11 icon on the Windows Desktop

Adding a Design

the HFSS 11 icon on the Windows Desktop • Adding a Design – When you first

When you first start HFSS a new project with a new design will be automatically added to the Project Tree.

new design will be automatically added to the Project Tree. Toolbar:Toolbar:Toolbar:Toolbar: InsertInsertInsertInsert
new design will be automatically added to the Project Tree. Toolbar:Toolbar:Toolbar:Toolbar: InsertInsertInsertInsert

Toolbar:Toolbar:Toolbar:Toolbar: InsertInsertInsertInsert HFSSHFSSHFSSHFSS DesignDesignDesignDesign

To include additional designs into an existing project, select the menu item ProjectProjectProjectProject >>>> InsertInsertInsertInsert HFSSHFSSHFSSHFSS DesignDesignDesignDesign

Alternatively to open a new project with a new design manually, select the menu item FileFileFileFile >>>> NewNewNewNew

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Ansoft HFSS – User Guide

Ansoft Desktop

Introduction Ansoft HFSS – User Guide Ansoft Desktop TrainingTraining ManualManual

TrainingTraining ManualManual

MenuMenuMenuMenu

barbarbarbar

ProjectProjectProjectProject

ManagerManagerManagerManager

ManagerManagerManagerManager withwithwithwith projectprojectprojectproject

withwithwithwith projectprojectprojectproject

treetreetreetree PropertyPropertyPropertyProperty
treetreetreetree
PropertyPropertyPropertyProperty

WindowWindowWindowWindow

PropertyPropertyPropertyProperty WindowWindowWindowWindow MessageMessageMessageMessage ManagerManagerManagerManager

MessageMessageMessageMessage

ManagerManagerManagerManager

StatusStatusStatusStatus

barbarbarbar

StatusStatusStatusStatus barbarbarbar ToolbarsToolbarsToolbarsToolbars 3D3D3D3D
StatusStatusStatusStatus barbarbarbar ToolbarsToolbarsToolbarsToolbars 3D3D3D3D
StatusStatusStatusStatus barbarbarbar ToolbarsToolbarsToolbarsToolbars 3D3D3D3D

ToolbarsToolbarsToolbarsToolbars

3D3D3D3D ModelerModelerModelerModeler

WindowWindowWindowWindow

ProgressProgressProgressProgress

WindowWindowWindowWindow

CoordinateCoordinateCoordinateCoordinate EntryEntryEntryEntry FieldsFieldsFieldsFields

EntryEntryEntryEntry FieldsFieldsFieldsFields     ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary ANSYS, Inc.
 
   
 

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Ansoft HFSS – User Guide

Project Manager

Introduction Ansoft HFSS – User Guide Project Manager TrainingTraining ManualManual

TrainingTraining ManualManual

Ansoft Desktop – Project Manager

Multiple Designs per Project

Multiple Projects per Desktop

Integrated Optimetrics Setup

Requires License for Analysis

ProjectProjectProjectProject ManagerManagerManagerManager WindowWindowWindowWindow

ProjectProjectProjectProject

WindowWindowWindowWindow ProjectProjectProjectProject DesignDesignDesignDesign
WindowWindowWindowWindow ProjectProjectProjectProject DesignDesignDesignDesign
WindowWindowWindowWindow ProjectProjectProjectProject DesignDesignDesignDesign

DesignDesignDesignDesign AutomationAutomationAutomationAutomation

•ParametricParametricParametricParametric

•OptimizationOptimizationOptimizationOptimization

•SensitivitySensitivitySensitivitySensitivity

•StatisticalStatisticalStatisticalStatistical

DesignDesignDesignDesign

DesignDesignDesignDesign SetupSetupSetupSetup

DesignDesignDesignDesign ResultsResultsResultsResults

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Introduction

Ansoft HFSS – User Guide

3D Modeler

Introduction Ansoft HFSS – User Guide 3D Modeler TrainingTraining ManualManual

TrainingTraining ManualManual

– User Guide 3D Modeler TrainingTraining ManualManual EdgeEdgeEdgeEdge GraphicsGraphicsGraphicsGraphics

EdgeEdgeEdgeEdge

GraphicsGraphicsGraphicsGraphics ModelModelModelModel areaareaareaarea ModelerModelerModelerModeler
GraphicsGraphicsGraphicsGraphics
ModelModelModelModel
areaareaareaarea
ModelerModelerModelerModeler
designdesigndesigndesign treetreetreetree

ModelerModelerModelerModeler WindowWindowWindowWindow

ContextContextContextContext menumenumenumenu

VertexVertexVertexVertex

menumenumenumenu VertexVertexVertexVertex FaceFaceFaceFace ModelModelModelModel
FaceFaceFaceFace ModelModelModelModel
FaceFaceFaceFace
ModelModelModelModel
FaceFaceFaceFace ModelModelModelModel CoordinateCoordinateCoordinateCoordinate

CoordinateCoordinateCoordinateCoordinate SystemSystemSystemSystem (CS)(CS)(CS)(CS)

OriginOriginOriginOrigin

PlanePlanePlanePlane

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Ansoft HFSS – User Guide

Introduction Ansoft HFSS – User Guide TrainingTraining ManualManual

TrainingTraining ManualManual

Set Solution Type

To set the solution type:

Select the menu item HFSS > Solution Type

Solution Type Window:

Choose Driven Terminal

Click the OK button

HFSS - Solution Types

– Click the OK button • HFSS - Solution Types – Driven Modal - calculates the

Driven Modal - calculates the modal-based S-parameters. The S-matrix solutions will be expressed in terms of the incident and reflected powers of waveguide modes.

Generalized S-parameters

Driven Terminal - calculates the terminal-based S-parameters of multi-conductor transmission line ports. The S-matrix solutions will be expressed in terms of terminal voltages and currents.

Eigenmode – calculate the eigenmodes, or resonances, of a structure. The Eigenmode solver finds the resonant frequencies of the structure and the fields at those resonant frequencies.

Convergence

Driven Modal – Delta S for modal S-Parameters.

Driven Terminal – Delta S for the single-ended or differential nodal S-Parameters.

Eigenmode - Delta F

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TrainingTraining ManualManual

Set Model Units

To set the units:

Select the menu item Modeler > Units

Set Model Units:

Select Units: mm

Click the OK button

Units: – Select Units: mm – Click the OK button • Set Default Material – To

Set Default Material

To set the default material:

Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar, choose Select

Select Definition Window:

toolbar, choose Select • Select Definition Window: – Type pec in the Search by Name field

Type pec in the Search by Name field

Click the OK button

in the Search by Name field – Click the OK button ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary ANSYS, Inc.

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Ansoft HFSS – User Guide

3D Modeler – Create a Primitive

Introduction Ansoft HFSS – User Guide 3D Modeler – Create a Primitive TrainingTraining ManualManual

TrainingTraining ManualManual

PointPointPointPoint 1111 PointPointPointPoint 3333 PointPointPointPoint 2222
PointPointPointPoint 1111
PointPointPointPoint 3333
PointPointPointPoint 2222

GridGridGridGrid PlanePlanePlanePlane1111 PointPointPointPoint 3333 PointPointPointPoint 2222 BaseBaseBaseBase RectangleRectangleRectangleRectangle

BaseBaseBaseBase RectangleRectangleRectangleRectangle

BaseBaseBaseBase RectangleRectangleRectangleRectangle CoordinateCoordinateCoordinateCoordinate
BaseBaseBaseBase RectangleRectangleRectangleRectangle CoordinateCoordinateCoordinateCoordinate

CoordinateCoordinateCoordinateCoordinate EntryEntryEntryEntry FieldsFieldsFieldsFields BaseBaseBaseBase RectangleRectangleRectangleRectangle • The Coordinate Entry fields allow equations to be

EntryEntryEntryEntry FieldsFieldsFieldsFields • The Coordinate Entry fields allow equations to be

The Coordinate Entry fields allow equations to be entered for position values.

Examples: 2*5, 2+6+8, 2*cos(10*(pi/180)).

Variables are not allowed in the Coordinate Entry Field

NoteNote:NoteNote Trig functions are in radians

PointPointPointPoint 1111 PointPointPointPoint 2222 PointPointPointPoint 3333
PointPointPointPoint 1111
PointPointPointPoint 2222
PointPointPointPoint 3333

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Ansoft HFSS – User Guide

3D Modeler – Object Properties

Introduction Ansoft HFSS – User Guide 3D Modeler – Object Properties TrainingTraining ManualManual

TrainingTraining ManualManual

CommandsCommandsCommandsCommands

AttributesAttributesAttributesAttributes

AttributesAttributesAttributesAttributes AttributesAttributesAttributesAttributes

AttributesAttributesAttributesAttributes

CommandsCommandsCommandsCommands
CommandsCommandsCommandsCommands
CommandsCommandsCommandsCommands ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary © ©

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Ansoft HFSS – User Guide

3D Modeler - Attributes

Introduction Ansoft HFSS – User Guide 3D Modeler - Attributes TrainingTraining ManualManual

TrainingTraining ManualManual

3D Modeler - Attributes TrainingTraining ManualManual ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary © ©
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Ansoft HFSS – User Guide

Introduction Ansoft HFSS – User Guide TrainingTraining ManualManual

TrainingTraining ManualManual

Set Grid Plane

To set the Grid Plane:

Select the menu item Modeler > Grid Plane > YZ

Create Coax Pin

To create the coax pin:

> YZ • Create Coax Pin – To create the coax pin: • Select the menu

Select the menu item Draw > Cylinder

Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the center position

X: 0.0, Y: 0.0, Z: 0.0, Press the Enter key

– X: 0.0 , Y: 0.0 , Z: 0.0 , Press the Enter key • Using

Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the radius of the cylinder

dX: 0.0, dY: 0.86, dZ: 0.0, Press the Enter key

– dX: 0.0 , dY: 0.86 , dZ: 0.0 , Press the Enter key • Using

Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the height of the cylinder

dX: 6.0, dY: 0.0 dZ: 0.0, Press the Enter key

– dX: 6.0 , dY: 0.0 dZ: 0.0 , Press the Enter key – Continued on

Continued on Next Page

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TrainingTraining ManualManual

Create Coax Pin (Continued)

To Parameterize the Height

Select the Command tab from the Properties window

Height: H

Press the Tab key

Add Variable Window

Value: 6mm

Click the OK button

To set the name:

Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window.

For the Value of Name type: Coax_Pin

To set the color:

Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window.

Click the Edit button

To set the transparency:

Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window.

Click the OK button

To finish editing the object properties

Click the OK button

To fit the view:

•

Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View

Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary ANSYS, Inc.
Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary ANSYS, Inc.

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Ansoft HFSS – User Guide

Introduction Ansoft HFSS – User Guide TrainingTraining ManualManual

TrainingTraining ManualManual

Ansoft HFSS – User Guide TrainingTraining ManualManual • Modeler - Views – View > Modify Attributes

Modeler - Views

View > Modify Attributes >

Orientation – Predefined/Custom View Angles

Lighting – Control angle, intensity, and color of light

Projection – Control camera and perspective

Background Color – Control color of 3D Modeler background

View > Active View Visibility - Controls the display of: 3D Modeler Objects, Color Keys, Boundaries, Excitations, Field Plots

View > Options – Stereo Mode, Drag Optimization, Color Key Defaults, Default Rotation

View > Render > Wire Frame or Smooth Shaded (Default)

View > Coordinate System > Hide or Small (Large)

View > Grid Setting – Controls the grid display

– View > Grid Setting – Controls the grid display Toolbar:Toolbar:Toolbar:Toolbar: ToggleToggleToggleToggle

Toolbar:Toolbar:Toolbar:Toolbar: ToggleToggleToggleToggle GridGridGridGrid VisibilityVisibilityVisibilityVisibility

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Changing the View

Introduction Ansoft HFSS – User Guide Changing the View TrainingTraining ManualManual

TrainingTraining ManualManual

PanPanPanPan

RotateRotateRotateRotate AroundAroundAroundAround

ZoomZoomZoomZoom In/OutIn/OutIn/OutIn/Out CurrentCurrentCurrentCurrent AxisAxisAxisAxis FitFitFitFit
ZoomZoomZoomZoom In/OutIn/OutIn/OutIn/Out
CurrentCurrentCurrentCurrent AxisAxisAxisAxis
FitFitFitFit SelectedSelectedSelectedSelected
FitFitFitFit AllAllAllAll
RotateRotateRotateRotate AroundAroundAroundAround
RotateRotateRotateRotate AroundAroundAroundAround
DynamicDynamicDynamicDynamic ZoomZoomZoomZoom
ScreenScreenScreenScreen CenterCenterCenterCenter

ModelModelModelModel CenterCenterCenterCenter

Context Menu

Shortcuts

CenterCenterCenterCenter – Context Menu – Shortcuts PredefinedPredefinedPredefinedPredefined ViewViewViewView

PredefinedPredefinedPredefinedPredefined ViewViewViewView AnglesAnglesAnglesAngles

TopTopTopTop LeftLeftLeftLeft RightRightRightRight BottomBottomBottomBottom
TopTopTopTop
LeftLeftLeftLeft
RightRightRightRight
BottomBottomBottomBottom

Since changing the view is a frequently used operation, some useful shortcut keys exist. Press the appropriate keys and drag the mouse with the left button pressed:

ALT + Drag – Rotate

In addition, there are 9 pre-defined view angles that can be selected by holding the ALT key and double clicking on the locations shown on the next page.

Shift + Drag - Pan

ALT + Shift + Drag – Dynamic Zoom

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TrainingTraining ManualManual

Set Default Material

To set the default material:

• Set Default Material – To set the default material: • Using the 3D Modeler Materials

Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar, choose vacuum

Create Coax

To create the coax:

Select the menu item Draw > Cylinder

Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the center position

Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the center position – X: 0.0 , Y: 0.0 ,

X: 0.0, Y: 0.0, Z: 0.0, Press the Enter key

Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the radius of the cylinder

dX: 0.0, dY: 2.0, dZ: 0.0, Press the Enter key

Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the height of the cylinder

dX: 6.0, dY: 0.0 dZ: 0.0, Press the Enter key

To Parameterize the Height:

Select the Command tab from the Properties window

Height: H

Click the OK button

To set the name:

Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window.

For the Value of Name type: Coax

Click the OK button

To fit the view:

Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View

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Ansoft HFSS – User Guide

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Create Excitation

Face Selection

Select the menu item Edit > Select > Faces

By moving the mouse, graphically highlight the top face of the Coax object

Click the left mouse button to select the face

Assign Excitation

Select the menu item HFSS > Excitations > Assign > Wave Port

Reference Conductors for Terminals

> Wave Port • Reference Conductors for Terminals – Conducting Objects: Coax_pin – Press OK –

Conducting Objects: Coax_pin

Press OK

Note: Reference conductors are not shown because we are using Outer boundary condition as the reference conductor. Port properties can be accessed by double clicking on Waveport1 in Project tree

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Automatic Terminal Assignment

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StepStepStepStep 1:1:1:1: AssignAssignAssignAssign PortPortPortPort

1:1:1:1: AssignAssignAssignAssign PortPortPortPort StepStepStepStep 2:2:2:2: ChooseChooseChooseChoose

StepStepStepStep 2:2:2:2: ChooseChooseChooseChoose Conductors/ReferenceConductors/ReferenceConductors/ReferenceConductors/Reference

Note:Note:Note:Note: DialogDialogDialogDialog RemembersRemembersRemembersRemembers ReferenceReferenceReferenceReference ConductorsConductorsConductorsConductors

ConductorsConductorsConductorsConductors FinishedFinishedFinishedFinished ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary
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FinishedFinishedFinishedFinished

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Duplicate boundaries with geometry

Works with all boundaries and excitations

Select the menu item Tools > Options > HFSS Options

HFSS Options Window:

Click the General tab

Use Wizards for data entry when creating new boundaries: Checked

Duplicate boundaries with geometry: Checked

Checked – Duplicate boundaries with geometry: Checked • Click the OK button Example: • Assign an

Click the OK button

Example:

Assign an Excitation to the face of an object

Duplicate the object around an axis three times

The Excitation is automatically duplicated

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Set Object Selection

Set select to objects

Select the menu item Edit > Select > Objects

• Select the menu item Edit > Select > Objects • Create Tee – To create

Create Tee

To create Tee:

Select the menu item Edit > Select All Visible. Or press the CTRL+A key.

Select the menu item, Edit > Duplicate > Around Axis.

Axis: Z

Angle: 90

Total Number: 3

Click the OK button

Click the OK button

To fit the view:

Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View.

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Unite Conductors

Select Conductors

Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name

Select Object Dialog,

Select the objects named: Coax_Pin, Coax_Pin_1, Coax_Pin_2

Click the OK button

Unite

Select the menu item Modeler > Boolean > Unite

Unite Coax

Select Coax

Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name

Select Object Dialog,

Edit > Select > By Name • Select Object Dialog, – Select the objects named: Coax,

Select the objects named: Coax, Coax_1, Coax_2

Click the OK button

Unite

Select the menu item Modeler > Boolean > Unite

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Solution Setup

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Creating an Analysis Setup

To create an analysis setup:

Select the menu item HFSS > Analysis Setup > Add Solution Setup

Solution Setup Window:

Click the General tab:

Solution Frequency: 10.0 GHz

Click the OK button

Solution Frequency: 10.0 GHz – Click the OK button AddAddAddAdd SolutionSolutionSolutionSolution

AddAddAddAdd SolutionSolutionSolutionSolution SetupSetupSetupSetup

AdaptAdaptAdaptAdapt FrequencyFrequencyFrequencyFrequency

AdaptAdaptAdaptAdapt FrequencyFrequencyFrequencyFrequency ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary © ©

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Adding a Frequency Sweep

To add a frequency sweep:

Select the menu item HFSS > Analysis Setup > Add Sweep

Select Solution Setup: Setup1

Click the OK button

Select Solution Setup: Setup1 – Click the OK button AddAddAddAdd SweepSweepSweepSweep • Edit Sweep Window:

AddAddAddAdd SweepSweepSweepSweep

Edit Sweep Window:

Sweep Type: Fast

Frequency Setup Type: Linear Step

Start: 1.0 GHz

Stop: 10.0 GHz

Step: 0.1 GHz

Save Fields: Checked

Click the OK button

HFSS – Frequency Sweep

Discrete – Solves using adaptive mesh at every frequency

Matrix Data and Fields at every frequency in sweep

Fast - ALPS

Matrix Data and Fields at every frequency in sweep

Interpolating – Adaptively determines discrete solve points using the adaptive mesh

Matrix Data at every frequency in sweeps

Fields at last adaptive solution

frequency in sweeps • Fields at last adaptive solution ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary ©

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Interpolating Sweep

The calculation of wide-band s-parameters in HFSS is achieved using the interpolating sweep. This method fits s- parameter data to a rational polynomial transfer function using a minimum number of discrete finite element method (FEM) solutions.

The interpolating sweep yields the poles and zeros of the transfer function. This information can be directly used in the Laplace Element from which a Full-Wave SPICE™ model can be generated (HSPICE, Spectre RF, PSPICE).

Rational Polynomial:

S =

q

(

s

z

q

)(

s

z

q

1

)

(

s

z

1

)

q

(

s

p

q

)(

s

p

q

1

)

(

s

p

1

)

See: IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., Vol. 46, No. 9, Sept. 1998

Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., Vol. 46, No. 9, Sept. 1998 Example:Example:Example:Example:

Example:Example:Example:Example: InterpolatingInterpolatingInterpolatingInterpolating SweepSweepSweepSweep

5555 cmcmcmcm microstripmicrostripmicrostripmicrostrip transmissiontransmissiontransmissiontransmission linelinelineline
5555 cmcmcmcm microstripmicrostripmicrostripmicrostrip transmissiontransmissiontransmissiontransmission linelinelineline
S11 (dB)
linelinelineline S11 (dB) ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary © ©

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DONE! Adaptive Frequency S11 (dB) S11 (dB) (dB)S11 (dB)S11 (dB)S11 (dB)S11 (dB)S11 (dB)S11 (dB)S11 (dB)S11
DONE!
Adaptive Frequency
S11 (dB)
S11 (dB)
(dB)S11 (dB)S11 (dB)S11 (dB)S11 (dB)S11 (dB)S11 (dB)S11 (dB)S11 (dB)S11 (dB)S11 (dB)S11

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Save Project

To save the project:

In an Ansoft HFSS window, select the menu item File > Save As.

From the Save As window, type the Filename: hfss_coax_tee

Click the Save button

Analyze

Model Validation

To validate the model:

Select the menu item HFSS > Validation Check

Click the Close button

HFSS > Validation Check • Click the Close button V a l i d a t

ValidateValidateValidateValidate

d a t e V a l i d a t e V a l i

AnalyzeAnalyzeAnalyzeAnalyze AllAllAllAll

Note: To view any errors or warning messages, use the Message Manager.

Analyze

To start the solution process:

Select the menu item HFSS > Analyze All

process: • Select the menu item HFSS > Analyze All ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary

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Create Reports

To create a report:

Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Terminal Solution Data Report> Rectangular Plot

New Report Window:

Solution: Setup1: Sweep1

Domain: Sweep

Category: Terminal S Parameter

Quantity: St(coax_pin_T1, coax_pin_T1), St(coax_pin_T1, coax_pin_T2), St(coax_pin_T2, coax_pin_T3) Note: Hold Ctrl key to select multiple traces

Function: db

Click New Report button

Click Close button

db • Click New Report button • Click Close button ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary

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Field Overlays

Guide TrainingTraining ManualManual • Field Overlays – To create a field plot : • Select an

To create a field plot:

Select an object to overlay fields

Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name

Select Object Dialog,

Select the objects named: Coax

Click the OK button

Select the menu item HFSS > Fields > Fields > E > Mag_E

Create Field Plot Window

Solution: Setup1 : LastAdaptive

Quantity: Mag_E

In Volume: All

Click the Done button

To modify the attributes of a field plot:

Select the menu item HFSS > Fields > Modify Plot Attributes

Select Plot Folder Window:

Select: E Field

Click the OK button

E-Field Window:

Click the Scale tab

Scale: Log

Click the Plot tab

IsoValType: IsoValSurface

Click the Apply button.

Click the Close button

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Core Technology

HFSS – High Frequency Structure Simulator

Arbitrary 3D Volumetric Full-Wave Field Solver

Ansoft Desktop

Advanced ACIS based Modeling

True Parametric Technology – Dynamic Editing

Powerful Report Generation

Dynamic Field Visualization