Você está na página 1de 10

Cargo Handling and Stowage The correct answer is marked with an asterisk 1.

Cargoes that have the capability of absorbing moisture is called: a. hygroscopic* b. contaminated c. inherent vice d. tainted 2. What is the flash point of liquid classified as Grade E? a. 80 F below b. 150 F above* c. 150 F below d. 80 F to 150 F 3. When coming from cold climate to hot climate and carrying hygroscopic cargo, you should : a. not ventilate* b. ventilate continuously c. ventilate to raise the dew point d. ventilate only when cargo temperature is warmer than the dew point 4. The most important factor to determine the good turnout of refrigerated cargo is: a. cleanliness of space b. good ventilation c. temperature maintained* d. good stowage 5. The most inherent danger of LPG is: a. low temperature causes frostbite or freezing* b. reacts to sea water c. strong odor is produced d. when warm, becomes heavier than air 6. Which of the following best indicates how many tons of cargo a vessel can carry? a. bale cubic b. deadweight* c. loaded displacement d. gross tonnage 7. Corrosive liquid would have what kind of label? a. yellow b. skull and cross-bones c. white* d. red 8. The permanent dunnage attached to the frames of the ship that aids in ventilation is /are the; a. hatch boards b. tank top c. hatch beams d. sweat battens* 9. Common deficiencies in laying dunnage is/are: a. best drainage is not provided b. insufficient tires c. improper spacing d. all of these* 10. Cargo damage due to water being present in a cargo hold, as a result of a leak in hull plating is said to be damaged by; a. free moisture* b. transfer of hygroscopic moisture c. both a and b d. neither a nor b 11. The term used to denote a quality of change in some cargo which damages the commodity itself is: a. latent defect b. tainting c. deterioration d. inherent vice* 12. Cargo which has a stowage factor of 40 is termed: a. deadweight cargo* b. measurement cargo c. ad valorem cargo d. insured cargo 13. Protection of cargo against tainting damage can be best obtained by: a. ventilating the space b. not ventilating the space c. proper use of paper separation and dunnage d. segregation of cargo by using different hatches* 14. The ration of the amount of water vapor actually in the air to the amount that would be in air if the air is saturated is: a. relative humidity* b. absolute humidity c. dew point d. specific humidity

15. The temperature below which the air will be unable to retain the moisture it presently contained is: a. dry bulb temperature b. dew point c. wet bulb temp. d. wet bulb depression 16. Which of the following is correct? a. Ventilation has the single objective of preventing damage to cargo that originates from condensation within the cargo hold b. The dew point temperature is dependent only upon the moisture content of the air c. Both a and b* d. Neither a nor b 17. A space should be ventilated when: a. The cargo temperature is colder than the dew point of the air in the space* b. The cargo temperature is warmer than the dew point of air in the space c. The dew point of the air in the space is higher than the dew point of the outside air d. All of the above 18. The dew point of air in the ships hold is/are: a. be kept below the temperature of the cargo to prevent cargo sweat* b. be kept above the temperature of the hull and bulkhead to prevent ships sweat c. boat a and b d. neither a nor b 19. The proper stowage of refrigerated cargo includes attention to: a. humidity control b. air circulation around the cargo c. both a and b* d. neither a nor b 20. Which of the following is most important in the prevention of sweat damage to cargo in the hold? a. outside temperature b. dew point of air in the cargo hold* c. dew point of the outside air d. temperature of the cargo 21. Dry bulb temperature is 68 deg F. Wet bulb temperature is 61.5 deg. F . The relative humidity is: a. 68 % b. 69 %* c. 70 % d. 71% 22. Which of the following is/are correct? a. frozen cargo is from 12 deg. F to 20 deg. F b. chilled cargo is 28 deg. F to 40 deg. F c. air cooled cargo is 42 deg. F to 55 deg. F d. all of these* 23. Sweat damage will occur in a cargo hold containing machinery parts when: a. the outside air is colder than the cargo b. the air temperature of the hold is higher than the outside air c. the dew point of the hold is higher than the temperature of the cargo* d. the dew point of the outside air is lower than the temperature of the cargo 24. When loading different cargo through the same pipeline, you should determine which cargo to load first except: a. flash point b. specific gravity* c. trim, hog and sag d. cleanliness of cargo 25. How could you compare the weight of LPG vapor with air? a. lighter b. variable c. heavier* d. the same 26. What is the tendency of gasoline fumes? a. settle on the level of the bilge by mixing with air b. disperse to atmosphere

c. settle near the top of the bilge d. settle near the bottom of the bilge* 27. The necessity of ventilating the bilge is to: a. provide adequate air to the engine b. to cool the machinery area c. to dry the bilge for cleaning d. remove fuel vapor which heavier than air* 28. Why does LPG gas carrier not required to have gas freeing? a. LPG content makes it non-volatile b. regulation does not require c. cargo tanks are inspected less frequently d. cargo tanks are purge with water &air 29. The most important factor to consider whether to ventilate or not a cargo space is a. dew point* b. dry bulb temp. c. wet bulb temp. d. relative humidity 30. The normal percentage of oxygen in the atmosphere is: a. 21%* b. 18% . 20 % d. 25 % 31. . A temperature in which a liquid is heated in order to give off flammable vapor is a. flash point* b. flammable range c. fire point d. none of these 32. Long ton is equal to: a. 1000 lbs. b. 2000 lbs. c. 2240 lbs* d. 2400 lbs. 33. Petroleum product is : a. non-flammable liquid b, jet fuel c. lubricating oil d. flammable liquid* 34. Liquid cargo loaded or discharged in volume always states standard temperature of; a. 60 deg. F* b. 60 deg. C c. 78 deg. F d. 72 deg,F 35. Green label cargo indicates; a. explosives b. corrosive liquids c. non-flammable liquid* d. poison 36. Petroleum liquid with a flash point of 83 deg F should be: a. combustible Grade E b. combustible Grade D* c. flammable grade A d. flammable grade B 37. The advantage of a container vessel over a conventional freighter is all but: a. flexibility* b. saves stevedores fee c. quick turn around d. quicker to load and discharge 38. The lowest temperature required to cause self sustained combustion of a substance independent of any outside source of ignition: a. explosive range b. flash point c. ignition temperature* d. combustion temperature 39. Which of the following is the main purpose of ventilating holds with cargo? a. to prevent air condensation* b. to prevent gas accumulation c. both a and b d. neither a nor b 40. When carrying bulk grain, what should you observe to minimize cargo shifting effects? a. leave some compartment partially full b. level all grains free surface* c. leave at least half of cargo compartment partially full d. pump out all ballast 41. Hygroscopic cargo is defined as: a. cargo in a liquid state b. cargo igniting when in contact with water c. capable of giving moisture in the form of water d. capable of absorbing moisture* 42. . Which of the following operation may cause the pressure in an inerted tank to fall below percentage limit?

a. crude oil washing b. discharging * c. steaming tanks 43. The main advantage of the use of unitized cargo system such pre-slinging , palletization , containerization is: a. cleaner operation b. avoid shifting cargo at sea c. cost reduction in terms of cargo operation* d. none of these 44. . A petroleum liquid is said to be Grade D combustible liquid when the flash point is: a. less than 80 deg. F b. 80 deg. F or below c. above 80 deg F but below 150 deg F* d. above 80 deg.F 45.Which of the following valves offer the least resistance to flow when fully opened? a. butterfly valve b. gate valve* c. relief valve d. non-return valve 46. When a tanker is partially loaded, gas formation in the cargo tank is due to: a. surface area* b. compressed area c. draft d. increased buoyancy 47. The primary hazards in transporting LPG and LNG is: a. pressure b. toxicity c. temperature d. flammability* 48. Which of the following is strictly forbidden when handling bagged cargo? a. storage nets b.straps or slings c. rope slings d. hooks* 49. Once a bulk carrier flood hold has been pumped out prior to commencement of loading what precaution should be taken? a. flood hold should not be loaded b. no special precaution is needed c. properly cover all wells to protect both ballast and pumping system* d. remove flange which should be installed in the next discharging 50. A flammable liquid is any liquid that gives off flammable vapors at or below a temperature of: a. 60 deg.f b. 80 deg. F* c. 100 deg.F d. 212 deg. F 51. The tendency of a flammable liquid to vaporized is indicated by its: a. flash point* b. ignition temperature c. convection index d. flammable range 52. Damage by cargo caused by fumes or vapor from liquid, gases or solids is called: a. tainting* b. vaporization c. oxidation d. contamination 53. When a pump during discharging operation is cavitating, what should you do? a. shut down the pump* b. close down the valve located on the discharge line c. open all valves located in the cargo line 54,. A heterogeneous cargo can be describes as: a. general cargo b. a mixture of cargoes with different densities c. either a or b* d. neither a nor b 55. What specific consideration should be taken into account when stowing heavy pieces aboard ship? a. the availability of lashing points b. the resistance of the hold deck, twin deck or deck c. either a or b* d. neither a nor b 56. Bu regulation a cargo tank should be inerted before and during what operation? a. loading b.stripping c. cleaning d. crude oil washing* 57. If the holds air dew point is higher than the outside air dew point:

a. a ventilation will contaminate the cargo b. hold maybe ventilated as there is no risk of condensation* c. holds should not be ventilated as there is condensation d. none of these 58. Safety is increased if: a. extra line and wire are laid on deck for emergency b. power tools are kept plug for immediate use c. spare parts are kept on deck for ready acquisition d. all lashing are made up and the deck is clean and clear* 59. Tankers should carry cargo hose that can withstand a pressure of at least; a. 100 psi b. 120 psi c. 75 psi d. 150 psi* 60. Cargoes that are susceptible to leak from containers are: a. wet cargo* b.dry cargo c. caustic cargo d bulk cargo 61. Where should cargoes when by their nature could contaminates other cargoes aboard be stowed? a. in the same hold but separated from each other by dunnage b. in the same hold compartment but separated by drainage c. in a separate hold compartment not sharing a common ventilation* d. in the same hold compartment and with constant air ventilation 62. The following products are volatile except: a. benzene b. heavy fuel oil* c. coal tar d. diesel fuel 63. When the dew point of the outside air is lower or equal to the dew point f the air in the cargo hold, you should: a. shut down the intake blowers b. ventilate the cargo holds* c. secure all ventilation d. shit down exhaust blowers 64. What is the advantage of transporting gas under refrigeration? a. less product per volume b. it reduces its volume* c. it increases its volume d. it freezes while in transit 65. Which of the following is classified as combustible liquid? a. ethyl alcohol b. tetraetyline glycol c. acetaldehyde d. carbon tetrachloride* 66. Dunnage primary use is to protect cargo from dunnage due to: a. hygroscopic absorption b. inherent vice c. tainting d. ships sweat* 67. In accidental pollution, the most critical time during bunkering is when: a. you first start to receive the fuel b. hoses are being disconnected c. final topping off is occurring * d. hoses are being blown 68. What will happen if the flash point of kerosene which is 100 deg. F be heated above 110 deg. F? a. burn and explode* b. less volatile and easy to handle c. boil off to atmosphere d. nothing 69. An inert gas system installed on tankers is designed for: a. lower oxygen level inside the cargo tanks making explosion remote* b. aid in striping and cleaning the tanks c. force toxic and explosive fumes from a cargo tank d. increase rate of discharge 70. What is a special cargo? a. cargo that gives off gas when heated b. periodic check is required while on board c. it has a high value that pilferage is tempting *

d. it must be stowed on deck 71. The effect of a heated bulkhead on a hygroscopic commodity is: a. raise vapor pressure of the commodity* b. lower the vapor pressure of the commodity c. cause moisture to accumulate against the bulkhead d. lower the dew point 72. Black powder would be classified as: a. explosive A* b. corrosive c. explosive B d. explosive C 73. Anhydrous ammonia would have what effect? a. non-flammable gas b. yellow c. corrosive d. green gas* 74. All ullage holes on a tankers cargo spaces are required to be fitted with: a. approved flame screens* b. approved flame arrestors c. pressure relief valve d. pressure relief vacuum valve 75. A hose is found to be leaking while loading liquid cargo. You stop cargo operations. What must be done first in order to resume cargo operation? a. patch the hose b. notify the dockman c. replace the hose* d. reduce the speed of the cargo pumps 76. During loading/ unloading and towing of break bulk operations, the ship officer in charge should see to it that the cargo is being handled following: a. the orders received from the shippers* b. the direction issued by himself c. the orders from the cargo receiver d. the orders from the stevedores 77. The ship owner is subjected to claim if the cargo damage has been caused by the failure of the ship officer to: a. ensure the fitness and safety of the cargo space* b. ensure adequate packaging c. detect latent defect on cargo d. none of these 78. When work is finished for the day, the cargo officer must see that hatch coverings are: a. in place b. water tight c. secured d. all of the above 79. Used to classify cargo for speedy discharge; a. forklift b. port marks* c. cargo numbers 79. . What equipment used to prevent grain in a slack grain hatch from reaching an angle of repose? a. level dunnage with wire straps b. shifting boards* c. level dunnage with compatible cargo d. side batten 80. The process of using timbers to secure cargo by running the timber form an upper support down to the cargo either vertically or at an angle is called; a. tomming* b. shoring c. dunnaging d. bracing 81. An inert gas system installed on tankers is designed to: a. forced toxic and explosive fumes from a cargo tank b. increasing the rate of discharge c. aid in stripping of tanks d. lower oxygen level inside cargo tanks making them explosion free* 82. Handling bagged goods in preference in rope slings: a. canvass slings* b. wire slings c. cargo nets d. conveyor 83.. The maximum angle at which grain, coal or other products loaded in bulk will retain their form or remain in a heap:

a. angle of inclination b. angle of trim c. angle of list d. angle of repose* 84. A gas or mixture of gases incapable or supporting combustion a. inert gas* b. gas vapor c. fumes d. oxygen 85. The connection of metal plates to ensure electrical continuity from ship to shore: a. welding b. bonding* c. charging d. all of these 86. . The process of replacing foul air in any of the ships compartment with pure air: a. purging* b. ventilating c. refrigerating d. purifying 87. Under international maritime dangerous goods code, explosive are classified as: a. class 1* b. class 2 c. class 3 88. The barrel is equivalent to: a. 42 U.S. gallons* b. 40 U.S. gallons c. 43 U.S gallons d. 45 U.S gallons 89. Which of the following is a wet cargo? a. a canned or bottled liquid such as beer* b. a cargo that contains hygroscopic moisture c. a cargo particularly susceptible to damage by moisture d. a liquid cargo in the deep tanks 90. If you are bunkering and you close off one tank in the line of tanks being filled, the rate of flow to the other tanks on the same line will: a. decrease b. stop c. increase* d. remain constant 91. Ullage from tankers are measured from: a. bushing b. above deck datum* c. thievage mark d. tank ceiling 92. What is meant by thieving petroleum cargo? a. reducing the gross cargo calculations to net amount b. siphoning off a few barrels of petroleum cargo for shipboard use c. adjusting the cargo figures to coincide with the draft d. determining the amount of water ( if any) in a cargo tank* 93. Oil product samples should be taken from the: a. dock riser b. ships cargo tank c. ships cargo tanks d. all of these* 94. The flammable limits for motor gasoline are: a. 1.4% to 7.6 %* b. 5 % to 7% c, 2.5% to 9.8% d. 0.9% to 5.9% 95. Bunker C and fuel oils are known as: a. soluble oils b. stop oils c. cutting oils d. viscous oils* 96. The water which accumulates at the tank bottoms in the form of leftover ballast, tank washing and condensation is measured from the process of: a. thieving* b. sounding c. ullaging d. dipping 97. The standard temperature from which to calculate the net amount of oil in the tank is: a. 70 deg.F b. 60 deg. F* c. 32 deg. F d. 15 deg. F 98. Spills are caused by; a. broken lines b. improper line-up c. gravitation d. all of these* 99. The vertical distance measure from the tank bottom to the liquid surface is called: a. innage* b. ullage c. theifage d. thievage 100. A centrifugal pump must be primed to: a. overcome pressure of water in the discharge line b. lubricate the shaft seals c. lift water level to impellers

d. make the pressure equal to the discharge pressure* 101. When ballasting through the cargo system, the main objective is to prevent oil in the line from escaping . The first thing to do is to: a. start the pump* b. open the sea valves c. open the tank valves d. any of the above 102. Begins when the tank is about 60% empty; a. bottom wash b. middle wash c. top wash* d. deck wash 103. Begins when the tank is almost completely empty: a. top wash b. bottom wash* c. middle wash d. deck wash 104. When sea water is pumped into cargo tanks, it inevitable washes oil from the tank surface. The resultant oi-water mixture is called: a. dirty ballast* b. ballast water c. oily ballast d. oil water ballast 105. Which statement is correct regarding Segregated ballast tank? a. oil cargo are separated from ballast by using different valves b. ballast and oil are loaded into different tanks c. ballast tanks incorporate a completely separate system of pumps and pipelines for clean ballast * d. none of these 106. It is condensation which forms on all surfaces of all goods in compartment or hold due to the inability of cool air to hold in suspension as much water as warm air a. sweat* b. dew c. bubble d. humidity 107. Before discharging, it is very important to prevent cargo from falling directly into the water by using : a. cargo sling b. wire sling c. cargo net* d. pallets 108. Broken stowage means; a. loss of cargo b. lost in space* c. dunnage to cargo d. all of these 109. The number of cubic feet which one ton (2240lbs) of goods, with the necessary dunnage, occupies is the ships cargo space: a. stowage factor* b. broken stowage c. cubic capacity d. deadweight 110. Which of the following is the source of moisture in the air of a cargo hold? a. condensation or sweat b. presence of wet cargo c. spontaneous heating of certain goods d. all of the above* 111. The volume of bulk grain which fills cargo space in question, expressed in cubic feet/ a. measurement ton b. deadweight ton c. grain cubic* d. deadweight capacity 112. A volume unit of 40 cubic feet used in computing freight charges; a. measurement ton* b. deadweight tons c. registered tons d. net tons 113. The volume of a full load of bales or cases in a given compartment, as measured inside the spar ceiling; a. grain cubic b. measurement ton c. bale cubic* d. deadweight tons 114. The term in marking containers which means weight of container only? a. tare* b. gross c. net d none of these 115. The term used in marking shipping containers which means total weight of containers and content? a. gross weight* b. net weight c. tare weight d. deadweight

116. The term used in marking shipping containers which means weight of contents only: a. gross b. net* c. tare d. any of the above 117. What stowage must be provided for fibers of animal or vegetable origin that have been involved in a fire or that have been wet? a. lower hold stowage b. tween deck stowage c. engine room stowage d. deck stowage* 118. All of the following are the uses of dunnage except: a. to protect cargo from contact with leakage from other goods b. to prevent chaffing by checking off from stanchions, web frames, etc. c. gives additional freight to the ship owner* d. to provide air courses in the necessary ventilation of cargo 119. The act of regulating the valves when loading through the ships lines in completing the level to which a tank or tanks are to be filled: a. stripping b. topping off* c. thieving d. dipping 120. In connecting cargo hose, what is the minimum number of bolts permitted at a flanged joint? a. three* b. two c. four d. five 121. In rigging a wind sail to ventilate oil tanks after cleaning operation, where would you place the lose end of the canvas duct? a. at the top of the tank b. at the bottom of the tank* c. at the middle of the tank d. on deck 122. The loss liquid not definitely accounted for, as by leakage or evaporation: a. thiefage* b. thievage c. ullage d. innage 123. How should the ullage hole in an oil tank be protected when the tank is open and not gas free? a. with flame screen* b. by covering with plywood c. with canvass cover d. with plastic cover 124. Goods having a stowage factor of 40 or less: a. ad valorem cargo b. weight cargo* c. measurement cargo d. stowage cargo 125. Goods stowing at more than 40 cubic feet per long ton; a. weight cargo b. ad valorem cargo c. measurement cargo* d. stowage cargo 126. Goods carried at a freight rate according to their value: a. ad valorem cargo* b. weight cargo c. stowage cargo d. measurement cargo 127. All of the following are necessary condition that must be maintained in a refrigerated compartment in order to have a good cargo turnout. Except; a. cleanliness of the cargo space b. low relative humidity* c. proper stowage d. constant refrigeration 128. The term used to describe oils such as almond, attar of roses, clove, wintergreen, lavender, etc which are used in perfumery and cooking: a. petroleum oils b. essential oils* c. vegetable oil d. cooking oil 129. A skull and crossbones label indicates what type of dangerous cargo? a. poison or poisonous gas* b. corrosives c. flammable liquid d. oxidizing agent 130