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THE SOUTH AND THE SLAVERY CONTROVERSY

Chapter 16 1793-1860

Friday, December 2, 2011

BELLWORK

Study for Quiz :) quietly Happy New Year! Take a look back in history ;)

Friday, December 2, 2011

THIS CHANGED EVERYTHING


Friday, December 2, 2011

COTTON IS KING!
The invention of the cotton gin changed everything! - 1793 The cotton gin expanded the cotton industry overnight! making it the souths primary crop. Therefore also increasing the demand for labor- what kind of labor? 4 million of them. Formula: buy MORE slaves = get MORE cotton= MORE cotton = MORE $

Friday, December 2, 2011

COTTON INDUSTRY
The south grew 1/2 the world cotton GB main manu. product was cotton cloth GB got 75% of their cotton from the South The southern cotton also effected the North... how?

Friday, December 2, 2011

SLAVES OF THE SLAVE SYSTEM


The problems: Over planting and greed led to land butchery- which would lead to people moving from the south -westward Also lead to a monopolistic structure - the bigger got bigger and the smaller got smaller financial insatiability of the plantation system : land over speculation, slaves $1200 (sick, hurt, runaway)- a 1 crop economy is dangerous (why?) 4.4% where foreign born - Irish were competition for the slaves

Friday, December 2, 2011

SOUTHERN WOMEN

southern women whose husbands owned plantations use slaves has maid and nannies mammies

Friday, December 2, 2011

FREE BLACKS
The souths free black pop- 250,000 by 1860 Mulatto- children of interracial relations, some were emancipated Some free blacks in the south purchased their own freedom Mulatto community- in New Orleans, own their own land, William T. Johnson even owned slaves of his own third race: couldnt testify against whites, couldnt work certain jobs,

Friday, December 2, 2011

CONT.
In the North free slaves were refused admittance within certain states and denied the right to vote, or attendance in public school- came from race prejudice Free slaves were hated by the Irish ...why? Anti- black sentiments were stronger in the North than the South Fredrick Douglas- was frequently mobbed and beaten in the North The south like the person hated the race. The north professed to like the race but hated the individual.
Friday, December 2, 2011

PLANTATION SLAVERY
Legal importation of slaves ended in 1808- which led to breeding some women promised freedom if they could produce 10 slave babies black ivory - smuggled high priced slaves Planters looked at the slaves as investments

Friday, December 2, 2011

CONT.

Most all slaves were bought or sold at a slave auction next to cattle families were split up frequently

Friday, December 2, 2011

Friday, December 2, 2011

LIFE UNDER THE LASH


Conditions for the slaves would vary in severity from master to master Slavery meant : hard work, ignorance, and oppression, work from dawn to dusk in the fields. No civil or political rights- some states prohibited the sale of child slaves under the age of 10. No slave was permitted to testify in court or have their marriages recognized legally

Friday, December 2, 2011

CONT.
Floggings were common- whipping was a visible symbol of the master Strong willed slaves - sent to breakers If the masters beat their slaves to brutally or often if could damage their investment 1860 - most slaves were concentrated in the black belt = SC, GA, AL, MI, LA where the cotton kingdom had burst Many slaves sustained family lives and practiced religion

Friday, December 2, 2011

EARLY ABOLITIONISM
1st wave started during the American Revolution - Quakers American Colonization Society- founded in 1817 : wanted to send slaves back to Africa (15,000) Republic of Liberia 1822 New Attitude in 1830 - the abolition movement to a new spirit (S.G.A), sin of slavery Harriet Beecher Stowe- Uncle Toms Cabin

Friday, December 2, 2011

RADICAL ABOLITIONIST

Friday, December 2, 2011

RADICAL ABOLITIONIST

Friday, December 2, 2011