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UNIT

CONVERSIONS

negabor@axelero.hu

Written by Gabor Nemeth

Conversion from metric to


English unit
Metr.symbol
mm
m
m
km
l
l
l
m3
N
kg
kPa
Mpa
bar
N.m
kg.m
kg/m
kg/l
kg/l
kg/m3
m3/h
l/m
l/m
l/m
l/m
kPa/m
bar/m
kPa/m
bar/m
kW
103daN.km

Multiply by
0.03937
3.28084
1.09361
0.621373
0.264178
0.219976
0.0353147
6.28994
0.224809
2.20462
0.145038
145.038
14.5038
0.737561
7.23301
0.671971
8.34523
62.4278
0.3505
150.959
0.001917
0.0107640
0.0805214
0.0062899
0.0442076
4.42076
0.145038
14.5038
1.34102
0.69832

Eng.name
inches
feet
yards
miles(land)
gallons(US)
gallons(UK)
cubic feet
barrel
pounds
pounds
psi
psi
psi
foot pounds
foot pounds
pounds/foot
pounds/gallon
pounds/cu.ft
pounds/barrel
barrel/day
barrel/foot
cu foot/foot
US gallon/foot
barrel/meter
psi/foot
psi/foot
psi/meter
psi/meter
horse power
Ton.mile

Conversion from English to


metric unit
Eng.symbol
in
ft
yd
mile(st)
gal(US)
gal(UK)
cu.ft
bbl
lbs
lbs
psi
psi
psi
ft.lb
ft.lb
lb/ft
ppg
pcf
lb/bbl
bbl/day
bbl/ft
cu.ft/ft
gal/ft
bbl/m
psi/ft
psi/ft
psi/m
psi/m
hp
Ton.mile

Multiply by
25.4
0.3048
0.9144
1.60934
3.78533
4.54596
28.3168
0.158984
4.44822
0.453592
6.894745
0.0068947
0.0689475
1.35582
0.138255
1.48816
0.119829
0.0160185
2.85307
0.00662433
521.601
92.090289
12.4191
158.984
22.62055
0.2262055
6.894745
0.0689475
0.7457
1.43201

Metr.symbol
mm
m
m
km
l
l
l
m3
N
kg
kPa
Mpa
bar
N.m
kg.m
kg/m
kg/l
kg/l
kg/m3
m3/h
l/m
l/m
l/m
l/m
kPa/m
bar/m
kPa/m
kPa/m
kW
103daN.km

Conversion between metric units

Calculations
Metr.quantity
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
3000
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

Eng.result
0.03937
3.28084
1.09361
0.621373
0.264178
0.219976
0.0353147
6.28994
0.224809
2.20462
0.145038
145.038
14.5038
0.737561
21699.03
0.671971
8.34523
62.4278
0.3505
150.959
0.001917
0.010764
0.0805214
0.0062899
0.0442076
4.42076
0.145038
14.5038
1.34102
0.69832

Eng.quantity
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

Calculations

1. oldal

Metr.result
25.4
0.3048
0.9144
1.60934
3.78533
4.54596
28.3168
0.158984
4.44822
0.453592
6.894745
0.0068947
0.0689475
1.35582
0.138255
1.48816
0.119829
0.0160185
2.85307
0.00662433
521.601
92.090289
12.4191
158.984
22.62055
0.2262055
6.894745
0.0689475
0.7457
1.43201

"A"

"B"

Metr.symbol
bar
bar
N
daN
N.m
0
C

Multiply by
100
0.1
0.102
1.02
0.102
9/5*0C+32

"C"

"A"

"B"

Eng.symbol
in
ft
yd
yd
sq in
sq ft
sq yd
acres
cu in
gal(US)
cu ft
gal(US)
oz
lb
gal/ft
cu.ft/ft
gal/ft
ppg

Multiply by
0.0833333
0.333333
0.0005682
0.0004929
0.0069444
0.111111
0.0002066
0.0015625
0.0005787
0.1336777
0.1781113
0.0238095
0.0625
0.0005
0.1336777
0.1781113
0.0238095
7.48068

Metr.symbol
kPa
MPa
kg
kg
kg.m
0
F

"D"

"E"

"F"

Metr.symbol
kPa
MPa
kg
kg
kg.m
0
F

Multiply by
0.01
10
9.80665
0.980665
9.80665
5/9*(0F-32)

Metr. Symbol
bar
bar
N
daN
N.m
0
C

Conversion between british units


"C"
"D"
"E"
Eng.symbol
ft
yd
Mile (stat)
Mile (naut.)
sq ft
sq yd
acre
sq mile(stat)
cu ft
cu ft
bbl
bbl
lbs
sh. tn
cu.ft/ft
bbl/ft
bbl/ft
pcf

Eng.symbol
ft
yd
Mile (stat)
Mile (naut.)
sq ft
sq yd
acre
sq mile(stat)
cu ft
cu ft
bbl
bbl
lbs
sh. tn
cu.ft/ft
bbl/ft
bbl/ft
pcf

Multiply by
12
3
1760
2029
144
9
4840
640
1728
7.48068
5.614467
42
16
2000
7.48068
5.614467
42
0.1336777

"A"quantity
1
1
1
1
1
1

"C"result
100
0.1
0.102
1.02
0.102
33.8

"D"quantity
1
1
1
1
1
1

"F"result
0.01
10
9.80665
0.980665
9.80665
-17.22222

Calculations
"F"
Eng.symbol
in
ft
yd
yd
sq in
sq ft
sq yd
acre
cu in
gal(US)
cu ft
gal(US)
oz
lbs
gal/ft
cu.ft/ft
gal/ft
ppg

2. oldal

"A"quantiy
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

"C"result
0.0833333
0.333333
0.0005682
0.0004929
0.0069444
0.111111
0.0002066
0.0015625
0.0005787
0.1336777
0.1781113
0.0238095
0.0625
0.0005
0.1336777
0.1781113
0.0238095
7.48068
0
0
0
0
0

"D"quantity
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

"F"result
12
3
1760
2029
144
9
4840
640
1728
7.48068
5.614467
42
16
2000
7.48068
5.614467
42
0.1336777
0
0
0
0
0

KICK SHEET / driller's method in metric units /


negabor@axelero.hu
Written by Gabor Nemeth
Fill in ONLY the blue & yellow cells with data and the program will calculate by itself !!!
WELL:

DATE:

Mud pump data

DP 2

Well data

DC 1

DC 2

HWDP

DP 1

Hole size
8.5
in
Pump
Pump1.output
Pump2.output
3
3
Original mud density
cap.
0.0162
0
m /str
m /str
3
3
OMD
1490
Present
pump
output
in
use
0.0162
kg/m
m /str
Slow Pump Pressures/SPP/
Casing shoe data
9 SCR
Size
9.625
in
9 str/min
pump1.
pump2.
Yield pres.
47300
kPa 118.42105
15
0
kPa
0
kPa
M.depth
1900
m 118.42105
20
0
kPa
0
kPa
TV.depth
1900
m
25
0
kPa
0
kPa
Hole depth
30
2800
kPa
0
kPa
M.depth
3600
m
35
0
kPa
0
kPa
TV.depth
3600
m
40
0
kPa
0
kPa
Present Slow Pump Pressure and SCR
TVD of bit
3600
m
Bit
P.of LOT
30
2800
kPa
at surface
12000
kPa
MW.LOT-Mud weight during test
1240.00
kg/m3
W.o-gradient of mud in test
MAASPOMD-Maximum allowable annulus
surface pressure with original mud
W.o=MW.LOT * 9,81/1000
12.16
kPa/m
MAASPOMD=FBD-((OMD*9,81*TVDcsgshoe)/1000)FBD-Formation breakdown pressure
FBD=P.of LOT+(TVDcsg.shoe * W.o)
7340
kPa
35112
kPa
MAASPOMD
MW.max-maximum mud weight
fbd-formation breakdown gradient
MW.max=FBD * 1000/(9,81 * TVDcsgshoe)
fbd=FBD/TVDcsg.shoe
18.48
kPa/m
3
MW.max
1884
W.1-gradient of original mud
kg/m
W.1=OMD * 9,81/1000
14.62
kPa/m
Pump strokes
Time
Pre-recorded data
Length m Cap.m3/m Volume m3
Volume/pump cap.
Pump strs/SPM
Surface line
50
0.009
0.45
28
str.
1
min.
DP.1
3340
0.0091
30.39
1876
str.
63
min.
DP.2
0
0
0.00
0
str.
0
min.
HWDP
0
0
0.00
0
str.
0
min.
260
0.00401
1.04
64
str.
2
min.
DC1
0
0
0.00
0
str.
0
min.
DC2
Drill string volume (surface to bit)
31.89
1968
str.
66
min.
OH - without string
0
0.03661
0.00
0
str.
0
min.
260
0.0152
3.95
244
str.
8
min.
DC1-Op.hole
0
0
0.00
0
str.
0
min.
DC2-Op.hole
HWDP-OP.hole
0
0
0.00
0
str.
0
min.
DP.1-Op.hole
1440
0.02345
33.77
2084
str.
69
min.
Open hole volume (bit to shoe)
37.72
2328
str.
78
min.
0
0
0.00
0
str.
0
min.
DC1-Csg
0
0
0.00
0
str.
0
min.
DC2-Csg
HWDP-Csg
0
0
0.00
0
str.
0
min.
DP.1-Csg
1900
0.02503
47.56
2936
str.
98
min.
DP.2-Csg
0
0
0.00
0
str.
0
min.
Total ann.volume (bit to surface)
85.28
5264
str.
175
min.
Total mud volume in the hole
117.16
7232
str.
241
min.
Active surface volume
150.00
9259
str.
309
min.
Total volume
total volume in hole+active surface volume
267.16
16492
str.
550
min.

3. oldal

NOTE: basic data


readable data
calculated data
Kick data
Fill in ONLY the blue & yellow cells with data and the program will calculate by itself !!!
SIDPP-Shut in drill pipe pressure
3500
kPa
SICP-Shut in casing pressure
5000
kPa
Gain-Pit gain
1.80
m3
Kick calculations
KMD-Kill mud density
KMD=OMD+(102 * (SIDPP+SP)/TVD bit
SP-safety pressure /usually 145 psi/
Barite required

(dw x (KMW-OMW))/(dw-KMW)

dw-Barite density
Total barite weight to be added
=barite requirement * total volume
Volume increase due to barite

4200

kg/m3
kPa
kg/m3
3
kg/m

42620
10.15
6300
2986
3314
1.68

kg
3
m
kPa
kPa
kPa
kPa/str

1589
0

total barite/barite spec.grav.

159.53

pressure /kPa/

ICP-Initial circulating pressure ICP=SIDPP+SPP+SP


FCP-Final circulating pressure FCP=SPP*(KMD/OMD)
E=ICP-FCP
E/Drill string volume in strokes
Static and circulating pressure behaviour
strokes
pressure
static and circulating pressure behaviour /metric units/
0
6300
100
6132
200
5963
12000
300
5795
11000
400
5627
10000
500
5458
600
5290
9000
700
5122
8000
800
4953
7000
900
4785
6000
1000
4617
1100
4448
5000
1200
4280
4000
1300
4111
3000
1400
3943
2000
1500
3775
1000
1600
3606
1700
3438
0
1800
3270
strokes
1900
3101
1968
2986
Expected circulation status of driller's method
Circ.period
Strokes
Pdp
Pcsg
MAASP
0
Start
6300
5000
7340
2328
6300
5000
7340
Infl.at shoe
Infl.at surface
4736
6300
8498
12338
5264
6300
3500
7340
Infl. in air
7232
2986
3500
7340
KM at bit
9561
2986
1548
7340
KM at shoe
KM at surface
12496
2986
0
5492

4. oldal

NOTE: basic data


readable data
calculated data
Calculations
Fill in ONLY the blue & yellow cells with data and the program will calculate by itself !!!
P.omd-hidrostatic pressure of the original mud
P.omd=(OMD * TVD * 9,81)/1000
52621
kPa
P.form-formation pressure
P.form=SIDPP+P.omd
56121
kPa
H.f-lenght of influx at bottom
H.f=G/V.ab
118
m
r-ratio between bottom hole and surface volumes
r=V.ab/V.as
0.61
K-ratio between depth and specific gravity
0.72
d1-original mud specific gravity
1.49
kg/l
M.A.C.P.=Yield pres.* 0,80
M.A.C.P.-max.annulus casing pressure
37840
kPa
P.Amax.-max. annulus pressure
2
8498
kPa
P.Amax=SIDPP/2+root2(SIDPP /4+9,81*(K*G*d1*Pform)/Vas
H.s-lenght of influx at surface
H.s=P.form/P.Amax * (K * r * H.f)
342
m
V.gas-volume of influx at surface
V.gas=H.s * V.as/1000
8.56
m3
Strokes of V.gas
Strokes of V.gas=V.gas/pump input
528
str's
D.influx-density of influx D.influx=OMD-((SICP-SIDPP) * 1000/(9,81 * H.f)
199
kg/m3
Possible Kick Type
Gas
Dp-pressure changing issued from mud density changing
1848
kPa
Dp=((KMD-OMD) * 9,81 * csg.shoe depth)/1000
5492
kPa
MAASP KMD
MAASP KMD=MAASPOMD-delta p.
MAAS+-you can increase the MAASP if the gas reached the surface
MAASP+=(OMD-D.influx) * H.s * 0,052
4998
kPa
MAASPgs-if the gas reached the surface(MAASPmax.)
12338
kPa
MAASPgs=MAASPOMD+MAASP+= (MAASPmax.)
1500
kPa
DSICP- SICP changing based on a certain time.
Rgm-gas migration
103
m
Rgm=DSICP/W1
34272
kPa
New Pshoe New Pshoe=((OMW * TVDshoe * 9,81)/1000+SICP+DSICP
V1=Volume of mud to be bled off due to New Pshoe
1.85
V1=((Phidr+SIDPP) * Gain)/(Phidr+SIDPP-DSICP)
m3
Max.pit gain-pit gain when influx reached the surface
Max.pit gain=0,158984*4*root2(P.form(psi)*G(bbl)*Vas(bbl/ft))/OMW(ppg))
12
m3
Analysis of driller's method /metric unit/
12338

15000
14000
13000
12000

7340

5492

8498

7340

8000

7340

9000

7340

10000
7340

Pressures /kPa/

11000

7000
6000
5000

6300

6300

5000

5000

6300

6300

4000
3500

3000

3500

2986

2986

2986

2000
1548

1000

0
Start

Infl.at shoe

Infl.at surface

2328

4736

Infl. in air

KM at bit

KM at shoe

KM at surface

5264

7232

9561

12496

strokes

Pdp
Pcsg
MAASP

5. oldal

NOTE: basic data

readable data

6. oldal

calculated data

7. oldal

8. oldal

9. oldal

KICK SHEET / driller's method in field units /


negabor@axelero.hu
Written by Gabor Nemeth
Fill in ONLY the blue & yellow cells with data and the program will calculate by itself !!!
WELL:

DATE:

Mud pump data

DP 2

Well data

DC 1

DC 2

HWDP

DP 1

Hole size
8 1/2
in
Original mud density
OMD
12.43
ppg
Casing shoe data
9
Size
9 5/8
in
9
Yield pres.
6860
psi 388.5611
M.depth
6234
ft 388.5611
TV.depth
6234
ft
Hole depth
M.depth
11811
ft
TV.depth
11811
ft
TVD of bit
11811
ft
Bit
P.of LOT
at surface
1740
psi
MAASPOMD-Maximum allowable annulus
surface pressure with original mud
MAASPOMD=FBD-(OMD*0,052*TVDcsgshoe)
1064
psi
MAASPOMD
MW.max-maximum mud weight
MW.max=FBD/(0,052 * TVDcsgshoe)
MW.max
15.72
ppg

Pre-recorded data
Length ft Cap.bbl/ft
Surface line
164
0.017
DP.1
10958.01 0.017445
DP.2
0
0
HWDP
0
0
853.02 0.007687
DC1
0.00
0
DC2
Drill string volume (surface to bit)
OH - without string
0 0.070187
853.02 0.029138
DC1-Op.hole
0.00
0
DC2-Op.hole
HWDP-OP.hole
0
0
DP.1-Op.hole
4724.41 0.044954
Open hole volume (bit to shoe)
0
0
DC1-Csg
0
0
DC2-Csg
HWDP-Csg
0
0
DP.1-Csg
6233.60 0.047983
DP.2-Csg
0
0
Total ann.volume (bit to surface)
Total mud volume in the hole
Active surface volume
Total volume
total volume in hole+active surface volume

Pump
Pump1.output
Pump2.output
cap.
0.1019
bbl/str
0.098 bbl/str
Present pump output in use
0.1019 bbl/str
Slow Pump Pressures/SPP/
SCR
str/min
pump1.
pump2.
15
130
psi
110
psi
20
190
psi
170
psi
25
270
psi
240
psi
30
406
psi
350
psi
35
490
psi
420
psi
40
560
psi
500
psi
Present Slow Pump Pressure and SCR
30
406
psi
MW.LOT-Mud weight during test
10.35
ppg
W.o-gradient of mud in test
W.o=MW.LOT * 0,052
0.54
psi/ft
FBD-Formation breakdown pressure
FBD=P.of LOT+(TVDcsg.shoe * W.o)
5095
psi
fbd-formation breakdown gradient
fbd=FBD/TVDcsg.shoe
0.82
psi/ft
W.1-gradient of original mud
W.1=OMD * 0,052
0.65
psi/ft
Pump strokes
Time
Vol.bbl
Volume/pump cap.
Pump strs/SPM
2.79
27
str.
1
min.
191.16
1876
str.
63
min.
0.00
0
str.
0
min.
0.00
0
str.
0
min.
6.56
64
str.
2
min.
0.00
0
str.
0
min.
200.51
1968
str.
66
min.
0.00
0
str.
0
min.
24.86
244
str.
8
min.
0.00
0
str.
0
min.
0.00
0
str.
0
min.
212.38
2084
str.
69
min.
237.24
2328
str.
78
min.
0.00
0
str.
0
min.
0.00
0
str.
0
min.
0.00
0
str.
0
min.
299.11
2935
str.
98
min.
0.00
0
str.
0
min.
536.34
5263
str.
175
min.
736.85
7231
str.
241
min.
943.49
9259
str.
309
min.
1680.34

10. oldal

16490

str.

550

min.

NOTE: basic data


readable data
calculated data
Kick data
Fill in ONLY the blue & yellow cells with data and the program will calculate by itself !!!
SIDPP-Shut in drill pipe pressure
508
psi
SICP-Shut in casing pressure
725
psi
Gain-Pit gain
11.32
bbl
Kick calculations
KMD-Kill mud density
KMD=OMD+(SIDPP+SP)/(TVD bit * 0,052)
SP-safety pressure /usually 145 psi/
Barite required

13.26
0

93903
63.8
914
433
481
0.24

lbs
bbls
psi
psi
psi
psi/str

55.88

((dw x (KMW-OMW))/(dw-KMW)

dw-Barite density
Total barite weight to be added
=barite requirement * total volume
Volume increase due to barite

35.05

ppg
psi
lb/bbl
ppg

total barite/barite dens * 42

1968

1800

1600

1400

1200

1000

800

600

400

200

pressure /psi/

ICP-Initial circulating pressure ICP=SIDPP+SPP+SP


FCP-Final circulating pressure FCP=SPP*(KMD/OMD)
E=ICP-FCP
E/Drill string volume in strokes
Static and circulating pressure behaviour
strokes
pressure
static and circulating pressure behaviour /field units/
0
914
100
890
200
865
2000
300
841
1800
400
816
500
792
1600
600
767
1400
700
743
1200
800
718
900
694
1000
1000
670
800
1100
645
600
1200
621
1300
596
400
1400
572
200
1500
547
0
1600
523
1700
498
1800
474
strokes
1900
450
1968
433
Expected circulation status of driller's method
Strokes Circ.period
Pdp
Pcsg
MAASP
0
Start
914
725
1064
2328
914
725
1064
Infl.at shoe
Infl.at surface
4735
914
1233
1790
5263
914
508
1064
Infl. in air
7231
433
508
1064
KM at bit
9559
433
225
1064
KM at shoe
KM at surface
12495
433
0
796

11. oldal

NOTE: basic data


readable data
calculated data
Calculations
Fill in ONLY the blue & yellow cells with data and the program will calculate by itself !!!
P.omd-hidrostatic pressure of the original mud
P.omd=OMD * TVD * 0,052
7637
psi
P.form-formation pressure
P.form=SIDPP+P.omd
8145
psi
H.f-lenght of influx at bottom
H.f=G/V.ab
389
ft
r-ratio between bottom hole and surface volumes
r=V.ab/V.as
0.61
K-ratio between depth and specific gravity
0.72
d1-original mud specific gravity
1.49
kg/l
M.A.C.P.=Yield pres.* 0,80
M.A.C.P.-max.annulus casing pressure
5488
psi
P.Amax.-max. annulus pressure
P.Amax=(SIDPP(kPa)/2+root2(SIDPP(kPa)2/4+9,81*(K*G(m3)*d1*Pform(kPa))/Vas(m3))*0,145038
1233
psi
H.s-lenght of influx at surface
H.s=P.form/P.Amax * (K * r * H.f)
1122
ft
V.gas-volume of influx at surface
V.gas=H.s * V.as
53.84
bbl
Strokes of V.gas
Strokes of V.gas=V.gas/pump input
528
str's
D.influx-density of influx D.influx=OMD-(SICP-SIDPP)/(H.f * 0,052)
1.69
ppg
Possible Kick Type
Gas
Dp-pressure changing issued from mud density changing
268
psi
Dp=(KMD-OMD) * 0,052 * csg.shoe depth
796
psi
MAASP KMD
MAASP KMD=MAASP1-delta p.
MAAS+-you can increase the MAASP if the gas reached the surface
MAASP+=(OMD-D.influx) * H.s * 0,052
726
psi
MAASPgs-if the gas reached the surface(MAASPmax.)
1790
psi
MAASPgs=MAASPOMD+MAASP+= (MAASPmax.)
218
psi
DSICP- SICP changing based on a certain time.
Rgm-gas migration
336
ft
Rgm=DSICP/W1
4973
psi
New Pshoe New Pshoe=(OMW * TVDshoe * 0,052)+SICP+DSICP
V1=Volume of mud to be bled off due to New Pshoe
12
bbl
V1=((Phidr+SIDPP) * Gain)/(Phidr+SIDPP-DSICP)
Max.pit gain-pit gain when influx reached the surface
Max.pit gain=4 * root2((P.form * G * Vas)/OMW)
75
bbl

Analysis of driller's method /field unit/

1790

2200
2000
1800

1064

796

1233

1064

1064

1200

1064

1400

1064

Pressures /psi/

1600

1000
800
600

914

914

725

725

914

914

508

400

508

433

200

433

433

225
0

0
Start

Infl.at shoe

Infl.at surface

2328

4735

Infl. in air

KM at bit

KM at shoe

KM at surface

5263

7231

9559

12495

strokes

Pdp
Pcsg
MAASP

12. oldal

NOTE: basic data

readable data

calculated data

13. oldal

14. oldal

15. oldal

16. oldal

8000 m

7500 m

7000 m

6500 m

6000 m

5500 m

5000 m

4500 m

4000 m

3500 m

3000 m

2500 m

400
500
m
1.8
600
700
1.7800
900
1000 m
1.6
1100
1200
1300
1.5
1400
1500 m
1.4
1600
1700
1800
1.3
1900
2000 m
2100
1.2
2200
2300
1.1
2400
2500 m
2600
1
2700
2800
0.9
2900
3000 m
3100
0.8
3200
3300
3400
0.7
3500 m
3600
0.6
3700
3800
3900
0.5
4000 m
4100
4200
0.4
4300
4400
0.3m
4500
4600
4700
4800
4900
5000 m
5100

2000 m

200

1.9300

1500 m

"K"
100

1000 m

meter

Balancing specific gravity


Balancing specific gravity
Depth
1,2 kg/l 1,5 kg/l 1,8 kg/l 2,1 kg/l
1,2 kg/l 1,5 kg/l 1,8 kg/l 2,1 kg/l
meter
Coefficient "K"
Coefficient "K"
See
all
of
data
behind
this
1.86
1.85
1.84
1.83
5300 chart 0.6
0.55
0.5
0.46
1.81
1.8
1.79
1.77
5400
0.595
0.54
0.495
0.45
1.76
1.73
1.72
1.71 5500 m
0.59
0.535
0.49
0.445
1.7
1.67
1.61
1.6
5600
0.58
0.53
0.48
0.44
1.65
1.61
1.55
1.54
5700
0.57
0.52
0.475
0.43
1.6
1.55
1.5
1.49
5800
0.565
0.515
0.47
0.425
1.57
1.52
1.45
1.43
5900
0.56
0.51
0.46
0.42
1.52
1.47
1.41
1.39 6000 m
0.555
0.5
0.455
0.41
1.48
1.43
1.35
1.33
6100
0.55
0.495
0.45
0.4
1.44
1.38
1.31
1.27
6200
0.54
0.49
0.445
0.395
1.41
1.35
1.28
1.24
6300
0.535
0.485
0.44
0.39
1.38
1.31
1.24
1.2
6400
0.53
0.48
0.435
0.385
1.35
1.27
1.2
1.16 6500 m
0.525
0.47
0.425
0.38
1.32
1.24
1.16
1.12
6600
0.52
0.465
0.42
0.375
1.29
1.21
1.13
1.08
6700
0.51
0.46
0.415
0.37
1.25
1.17
1.1
1.05
6800
0.505
0.455
0.41
0.365
1.22
1.14
1.07
1.01
6900
0.5
0.45
0.4
0.36
1.2
1.12
1.04
0.98 7000 m
0.495
0.445
0.395
0.355
1.17
1.09
1.01
0.95
7100
1.14
1.05
0.98
0.92
7200
1.12
1.03
0.96
0.9
7300
1.09
1.01
0.93
0.87
7400
1.06
0.98
0.91
0.85 7500 m
1.04
0.95
0.88
0.82
7600
1.01
0.93
0.86
0.8
7700
0.99
0.9
0.84
0.78
7800
0.97
0.88
0.82
0.76
7900
0.95
0.86
0.8
0.74 8000 m
0.93
0.84
0.78
0.72
0.91
0.82
0.76
0.7
0.89
0.81
0.75
0.69
0.82 #N/A
0.87
0.79
0.73
0.67
0.85
0.77
0.72
0.66
Balancing mud spec.gravity
0.83
0.75
0.7
0.65
0.82
0.74
0.69
0.63
0.8
0.73
0.67
0.62
0.79
0.71
0.66
0.61
0.77
0.7
0.65
0.6
0.76
0.69
0.64
0.59
0.74
0.68
0.63
0.58
0.73
0.67
0.62
0.57
0.72
0.65
0.61
0.56
0.7
0.64
0.6
0.55
1,2 kg/l
0.69
0.63
0.59
0.54
0.68
0.62
0.58
0.53
1,5 kg/l
0.67
0.61
0.57
0.52
1,8 kg/l
0.66
0.6
0.56
0.51
0.65
0.59
0.55
0.5
2,1 kg/l
0.64
0.585
0.54
0.49
0.63
0.58
0.53
0.485
0.625
0.575
0.525
0.48
0.62
0.565
0.52
0.47

500 m

Depth

5200

0.61

0.56

0.51

0.465

Effect of some different problem on pressures, string weight, pit level, pump rate
Problem

Choke wash out

Plugging choke

Moderate losses

Total losses

DP pressure

Decrease

Increase

Decrease

Decrease

Ann.
pressure

Decrease

Increase

Decrease

Decrease

String
weight

Same

Same

Same

Increase

Pit

level

Increase

Same

Decrease

Pump rate
/SPM/

Action to be taken

Increase

Keep Pch constant by pinching


choke. Close in and
continue with other
choke

Decrease

Keep Pch constant by opening


choke. Close in and
continue with other
choke

Increase

Mix some LCM and


reduce circ. pres.
with some psi, but
bottom- hole
pres.should be
higher than form.
pres.

Try to spot heavy


mud of sufficient
weight through the
drill string to kill
the well from the
btm. to the loss
Strong
Increase, due
zone. Considecrease no
to less
deration must be
returns
bouyancy
given to spotting
Barite or Gunk
plugs through the
drill string to seal
off influx from the
hole

Drill string wash out

Decrease

Same

Same

Same

Increase

Drill string twist off

Decrease

Same

Decrease

Same

Increase

Plugging bit nozzle

Bit nozzle wash out

Increase

Decrease

Same

Same

Same

Same

Same

Same

Keep Pch constant and conti- nue


at lower circ.
pressure. If not
possible use
Volumetric Method

Decrease

Keep Pch constant and conti- nue


at higher circ.
pressure. If
completely plugged, use Volumetric Method

Increase

Keep Pch constant and conti- nue


at lower circ.
pressure. If not
possible use
Volumetric Method

Pump failure

Decrease

Decrease

Same

Same

Increase

Keep Pch constant, observe circ.


Pressure. Close in
and start other
pump

LEAK OFF TEST


negabor@axelero.hu

Written by Gabor Nemeth

Preparations
1. Drill out the casing shoe. / be sure, there is no flapper valve in the string !/
2. Drill ahead 5-50 ft; (1.5-15 m.) / it depends on company regulation /.
3. Circulate for conditioning mud in the hole. /no cuttings in the mud !/
4. Get ready a cementing pump with a sensitive pressure gauge.
5. Calculate the pressure loss due to gel strength of mud.
6. Pull the string above the casing shoe.
Data
Metric
unit
Field
L = length of string
3054.6 m
9000
2
10 lb/100ft
10
to = yield value of mud
d = DP ID
3 3/16 in
3 3/16
0
in
8 1/2
dc = casing ID
0
in
5
do = DP OD
2480 m
9000
TVDcsg.shoe = true vertical depth of casing shoe
TMW = mud weight during LOT
1280 kg/m3
10.35

unit
ft
2
lb/100ft
in
in
in
ft
ppg

Fill in ONLY the section above with data and the program will calculate by itself !!!

Calculations of pressure losses


Pgs-pressure loss due to gel strength of mud
Formula to be used, when LOT is performed through DP
94

Pgs=L x (to/(300 x d)) / field unit /


Pgs=L x (to/(13,2623 x d)) / metric unit /

psi
723 kPa

Formola to be used, when LOT is performed on annulus


86 psi
0 kPa

Pgs=L x (to/(300 x (dc-do)) / field unit /


Pgs=L x (to/(13,2623 x (dc-do)) / metric unit /

Procedure
1. Fill up cementing line & bell nipple with mud by cementing pump and stop pump.
2. Close BOP / bag type or pipe rams /
3. Start cementing pump slowly and as soon as pressure starts to show on the gauge,
3
pump 1/2 bbl / 0,08 m / more and stop pump.
4. Wait some 3 minutes and plot pressure versus volume.
3
5. Pump 1/2 bbl / 0,08 m / more, stop pump, wait 3 minutes and plot the next point on
the graph.
6. Continue this way until the pressure increase becomes less than the previous increase
i.e. the line on the graph starts bending to the right. This point is the leak off point and
gives the value for the MAASP.
3
7. Pump less volume ( say 1/4 bbl / 0,04 m /), wait and plot this point on the graph. Leak
off has now started and the pressure reached is the formation break down pressure.
8. Bleed-off pressure, check returns and very carefully repeat pressure building up to get
a check on the result.
9. At the end, correct the leak off pressure with Pgs and the result gives the real leak off
pressure.

23. oldal

10. IMPORTANT: Do not break the formation but stop when leak off starts!!!

Chart / field unit /

Leak Off Test


4000
3750
3500

2250

2200

2200

2200

2200

2200

2240

2200

2350

2300

2480

2040

2500

2440

2750

2620

2580

3000

2520

3250

1530

2000
1750
1500
1020

Pressure /psi/

Pres. psi Vol. bbl Time min


0
0
0
510
0.5
1
1020
1
2
1530
1.5
3
2040
2
4
2580
2.5
5
2620
3
6
2520
3.5
7
2480
4
8
2440
9
2350
10
2300
11
2240
12
2200
13
2200
14
2200
15
2200
16
2200
17
2200
18
Fill in this chart with data

1250
1000
510

750
500
250

Time /min/

Leak off point pressure

(read on graph and write here)

Calculation of real Leak Off Pressure

2580 psi

/PLOT/

PLOT= Leak off point pressure (read on graph) - pressure loss due to gel strenght
2486 psi
2494 psi

PLOT when LOT is performed through DP


PLOT when LOT is performed on annulus

Real leak off pressure determines the Maximum Allowable Annulus Surface Pressure.
PLOT=MAASP. MAASP has to be recalculated for the appropriate mud weight.
New Mud Weight /NewMW/ ( write here )
10.35 ppg
MAASPnew mud- MAASP with new mud weight

24. oldal

18

16

14

12

10

2486 psi

MAASPnew mud=MAASP-((NewMW-TMW) x 0,052 x TVDcsg.shoe)

Chart / metric unit /

Leak Off Test


24000
23000
22000

15444

15000

18

16000

15444
15444
15444

14064

17000

16

18000

15513
15478
15444

19000

15996
15720
15582

17788

20000

18133
17926
16547

21000

14000
10548

13000
12000
11000
10000
9000

7032

Pressure /kPa/

Pres.kPa Vol. m3
Time min
0
0
0
3516
0.16
1
7032
0.32
2
10548
0.48
3
14064
0.64
4
17788
0.8
5
18133
0.88
6
17926
0.96
7
16547
0.96
8
15996
9
15720
10
15582
11
15513
12
15478
13
15444
14
15444
15
15444
16
15444
17
15444
18
Fill in this chart with data

8000

7000
3516

6000
5000
4000
3000

2000
1000
14

12

10

Time /min/

Leak off point pressure (read on graph and write here)

Calculation of real Leak Off Pressure

18800 kPa

/PLOT/

PLOT= Leak off point pressure (read on graph) - pressure loss due to gel strenght
18077 kPa
0 kPa

PLOT when LOT is performed through DP


PLOT when LOT is performed on annulus

Real leak off pressure determines the Maximum Allowable Annulus Surface Pressure.
PLOT=MAASP. MAASP has to be recalculated for the appropriate mud weight.
New Mud Weight /NewMW/ ( write here )
1170 kg/m3
MAASPnew mud- MAASP with new mud weight

25. oldal

MAASPnew mud=MAASP-(((NewMW-TMW) x 9,81 x TVDcsg.shoe)/1000)

26. oldal

20754 kPa

Volumetric Stripping
Written by Vilmos Barka

barkav@hotmail.com

Procedure:
1. Closing in the well. Determine the influx volume.Record pressure at two
minute intervals. After closed-in pressures have stabilized complete strip
sheet. Further record pressures at five minute intervals or after running in
each stand.
2. Determine the volume of mud in the OH/DC annulus equivalent to one psi
of hydrostatic head.
Equivalent volume per psi = Ann. Volume per ft / Mud gradient ( bbl/psi )
3. Determine a convenient working pressure increment PW.
4. Convert a selected working pressure PW /psi/ into an equivalent working
volume a DV in the OH/DC annulus. ( Recommended 40-50 psi )
5. Determine the extra back pressure.
6. Adjust the closing pressure on the annular preventer to a minimum, avoid
leakage.
7. Allow annulus pressure to build up to Pchoke whilst stripping the first stand.
Pchoke = P an. + PS +PW
P an > initial closed-in annulus pressure before second built up
PS > allowance for the loss of hydrostatic head as DC enter the influx
PW > working pressure increment
8. Maintain Pchoke constant whilst stripping pipe.
Closed-end displacement of drillpipe is purged into the trip and stripping
tank.
9. Avoid excessive surge pressure.
10.Maintain Pchoke constant at the above value until a volume of DV barrels
has accumulated into the trip tank.
11.When the additional mud volume DV barrels has accumulated in the trip
tank at constant choke pressure, Pchoke is allowed increase again by the
value PW now becomes Pchoke (where Pchoke 1 = Pchoke + PW )
12.Fill each stand and remove any sharp edges or tong marks from the pipe
body.
13.By repeating this cycle is maintained nearly constant BHP
14. Any data should be record
15.On bottom the well can be kill using the " driller's method ". Be sure the
string is full of mud. Pump slow rate from the bit to the Gray-valve. Stop
pump, check trapped pressure and then continue circulation.
16.To avoid differential sticking consider moving the string trough the
preventer.

Stripping worksheet

( field unit )
barkav@hotmail.com

Written by Vilmos Barka


Measured depth
Csg. Measured depth
Total length of DP
Number of DP stand
DP closed-end cap.:
DP capacity:
DP metal cap.:
Nominal weight of DP ( Wdp )
Tool joint OD ( ODtj )

Dimensions of trip tank:


Dimensions of strip tank:

0
0
9433
100
0.0252
0
0
19.50
6.25

ft
ft
ft

DC C/E cap.:
Open hole capacity:
OH/DC ann volume:
mud weight:
Influx volume:
Pressure annulus:
Pressure drillpipe:

lb/ft
0.0681 bbl/ft
0.0302 bbl/ft
15 ppg
bbl/ft
9.5 bbl
bbl/ft
180 psi
bbl/ft
0 psi
Working pres.incr.(Pw)
lb/ft
40 psi
in
influx gradient (pi) :
0.1 psi/ft
Cylindrical Tank
Rectangle Tank
Dia (ft )
H ( ft )
W ( ft )
L ( ft )
H ( ft )
3.2
8
4
4
8
3.2
8
4
4
4

Fill in ONLY the section above and the program will calculate by itself !!!

Pre Kick Information (to be record on standard kill sheet ) !


Calculation of Wellbore force ( WBF )
WBF=
WBF = (ODtj)^2 x 0,7854 x Pann + Ffr
Friction factor ( Ffr )
Hence: Minimum necessery weight of string to perform the procedure

6522 lbs
1000 lbs
6522 lbs

Calculation of minimum necessery length of string


Length of string ( Ldp )=
Ldp= WBF / ( Wdp x BF )
Buoyancy factor=
Buoyancy factor = ( 65,5 - MW ) / 65,5
Hence: Minimum necessery length of string to perform the procedure

434 ft
0.77
434 ft

Trip Tank:
Total volume
Volume per inch
Volume per cm

11.45 bbl
0.12 bbl/in
0.05 bbl/cm

22.80 bbl
0.24 bbl/in
0.09 bbl/cm

11.45 bbl
0.12 bbl/in
0.05 bbl/cm

11.40 bbl
0.24 bbl/in
0.09 bbl/cm

Stripping Tank:
Total volume
Volume per inch
Volume per cm

Closed-end Displacement of DP Stand:


Average stand length
DP C/E displacement

94 ft
2.38 bbl/stand

F factor calculation:
F=
F= ( 1 / OH cap.) X ( p1 - pi ) X ((Ohcap / [OH/DC ann.cap] ) - 1 )
mud gradient (p1):

12.5 psi/bbl
0.78 psi/ft

Equivalent Working Volume for Volumetric Steps D V:


Calculation of the volume in the OH/DC ann. equivalent to the selected loss of hydrostatic
pressure. For one psi loss of hydrostatic pressure we calculate the volume.
OH/DC ann.vol. per ft. / mud gradient
0.04 bbl/psi
DV =
Equivalent volume of the selected Pw increment
1.55 bbl
The volume per inch in the trip tank
0.12 bbl/inch
0.24 bbl/in
The selected Pw /psi/ increment is equivalent
13
inch
6 1/2 in

Calculations for Pchoke :


Pchoke =
Pchoke = Pan + Ps + Pw
339 psi
Ps =
Ps = Inf.vol. / OH cap. X (p1-pi) X (( OH cap /[OH/ DCann. Cap]) - 1)
119 psi
Ps =
Ps = F x influx volume ( bbls )
119 psi
Pan > initial close-in pressure before 2nd build-up. Reading from Ann. press. gauge.
Ps > allowance for the loss of hydrostatic head as DC enter the influx.
Pw > selected, set for yourself. ( recommended 40-50 psi )
D V > triptank level increase per Pw step
F
> derived factor

Procedure:
1, Allow Pan to become Pchoke
Pchoke= Pann + Ps + Pw
2, After running each stand bleed-off into the stripping tank
20
in
3, When the level in the trip tank increases
in,
increase
Pchoke
6 1/2
in, increase Pchoke
13
4, Repeat this cycle until bit is on bottom.

339
2.38
10
40
40

psi
bbl
in
psi
psi

Strip Sheet
339
180
12.5
9.5
119
40

Pchoke= Pchoke = Pann +Ps +Pw


P annulus
F-factor
Volume Influx
Ps =
Ps = F x Vi
Pw selected
DV= division in triptank
Time

Stand no.

Pchoke

T.T.level Remarks

psi
psi
psi/bbl
bbls
psi
psi
in (cm)

Triptank level with req. Pchoke

T.T. -level

Pch

Stripping worksheet

( metric unit )
barkav@hotmail.com

Written by Vilmos Barka


Measured depth

0m

DC C/E cap.:

Csg. Measured depth

0m

Open hole capacity:

2875.2 m

OH/DC ann volume:

Total length of DP
Number of DP stand
DP closed-end cap.:
DP capacity:
DP metal cap.:
Nominal weight of DP ( Wdp )
Tool joint OD ( ODtj )

Dimensions of trip tank:


Dimensions of strip tank:

100
0.01314 m /m
0 m3/m

0.03552 m3/m
0.01575 m3/m

Influx volume:

1797 kg/m3
1.51 m3

Pressure annulus:

1241 Kpa

mud weight:
3

m3/m

0 m /m
Pressure drillpipe:
0 Kpa
Working pres.incr.(Pw)
29.02 kg/m
276 Kpa
158.75 mm
influx gradient (pi) :
2.26 Kpa/m
Cylindrical Tank
Rectangle Tank
Dia (m )
H(m)
W (m)
L(m)
H(m)
0.975
2.44
1.22
1.22
2.44
0.975
2.44
1.22
1.22
1.22

Fill in ONLY the section above and the program will calculate by itself !!!

Pre Kick Information (to be record on standard kill sheet ) !


Calculation of Wellbore force ( WBF )
WBF=
WBF = ((ODtj)^2 x p/4 x Pann x 1,02)+ Ffr
Friction factor ( Ffr )
Hence: Minimum necessery weight of string to perform the procedure

2959 kg
454 kg
2959 kg

Calculation of minimum necessery length of string


Length of string ( Ldp )=
Ldp= WBF / ( Wdp x BF )
Buoyancy factor=
Buoyancy factor=1-(mud dens./steel dens.)
Hence: Minimum necessery length of string to perform the procedure

132 m
0.77
132 m

Trip Tank:
Total volume
Volume per cm

1.82 m3
7.46 l/cm

3.62 m3
14.86 l/cm

1.82 m3
7.46 l/cm

1.81 m3
14.86 l/cm

Stripping Tank:
Total volume
Volume per cm

Closed-end Displacement of DP Stand:


Average stand length
DP C/E displacement

28.75 m
0.378 m3/stand

F factor calculation:
F=
F= ( 1 / OH cap.) X ( p1 - pi ) X ((Ohcap / [OH/DC ann.cap] ) - 1 )
mud gradient (p1):

543 Kpa/m3
17.63 Kpa/m

Equivalent Working Volume for Volumetric Steps D V:


Calculation of the volume in the OH/DC ann. equivalent to the selected loss of hydrostatic
pressure. For one psi loss of hydrostatic pressure we calculate the volume.
OH/DC ann.vol. per m / mud gradient
0.00089 m3/Kpa
DV =
Equivalent volume of the selected Pw increment
The volume per cm in the trip tank
The selected Pw /Kpa/ increment is equivalent

7.46 l/cm
33 cm

0.246 m3
14.86 l/cm
16.6 cm

Calculations for Pchoke :

Pchoke =
Pchoke = Pan + Ps + Pw
2337 Kpa
Ps =
Ps = Inf.vol. / OH cap. X (p1-pi) X (( OH cap /[OH/ DCann. Cap]) - 1)
820 Kpa
Ps =
Ps = F x influx volume ( m3 )
820 Kpa
Pan > initial close-in pressure before 2nd build-up. Reading from Ann. press. gauge.
Ps > allowance for the loss of hydrostatic head as DC enter the influx.
Pw > selected, set for yourself. ( recommended 300 Kpa )
D V > triptank level increase per Pw step
F
> derived factor

Procedure:
1, Allow Pan to become Pchoke
Pchoke= Pann + Ps + Pw
2, After running each stand bleed-off into the stripping tank
50.6 cm
3, When the level in the trip tank increases
cm,
increase
Pchoke
16.6
33 cm, increase Pchoke
4, Repeat this cycle until bit is on bottom.

2337
0.38
25.4
276
276

Kpa
m3
cm
Kpa
Kpa

Strip Sheet
2337 Kpa
1241 Kpa
543 Kpa/m3
1.51 m3
820 Kpa
276 Kpa
cm

Pchoke= Pchoke = Pann +Ps +Pw


P annulus
F-factor
Volume Influx
Ps =
Ps = F x Vi
Pw selected
DV= division in triptank
Time

Stand no.

Pchoke

T.T.level Remarks

Triptank level with req. Pchoke

T.T. -level

Pch

General data
Open hole capacity
size in "
cap.in l/m
cap.in bbl/m cap.in bbl/ft
26
342.5
2.1543
0.657
16
129.72
0.816
0.249
12 1/4
76.04
0.4783
0.146
8 1/2
36.61
0.2303
0.07
6
18.24
0.1147
0.035
Capacity of csg.
size in "
weight in lb/ft
9 5/8
53.5
9 5/8
47
7
32
Capacity of DP
size in "
weight in lb/ft
3 1/2
15.5

19.5

Capacity of HWDP
size in"
weight in lb/ft
3 1/2
25.33

49.32

Capacity of DC
size in"
weight in lb/ft
4 3/4
46.77

cap.in l/m
cap.in bbl/m cap.in bbl/ft
36.92
0.232
0.070776
38.19
0.24
0.07321
18.82
0.1184
0.0361

grade
S-135

S-135

metal displ.
4 4/5
0.030254
0.009221
9 1/3
0.0589
0.01794

ID in"
2 1/4

4 3/4

39.15

2 13/16

6 1/4

90.85

2 1/4

6 1/2

91.79

2 4/5

149.92

2 4/5

metal displ.
3.19
0.0201
0.0061
4.28
0.02692
0.0082

capacity
2.19
0.013775
0.004198
4.61
0.029
0.00884

metal displ.
8.87
0.0558
0.017004
7.422
0.0467
0.0142
17.23
0.1084
0.033
17.4
0.1094
0.0334
28.42
0.1788
0.0545

36. oldal

capacity
total displ.
dimension
3.41
6.6 l/m
0.02145
0.0415 bbl/m
0.00654
0.01265 bbl/ft
8.97
13.24 l/m
0.05642
0.08334 bbl/m
0.00172
0.02538 bbl/ft

total displ.
7
0.044029
0.013419
13.97
0.0879
0.0268

dimension
l/m
bbl/m
bbl/ft
l/m
bbl/m
bbl/ft

capacity
total displ.
dimension
2.56
11.43 l/m
0.0161
0.0719 bbl/m
0.004908
0.021911 bbl/ft
4.008
11.43 l/m
0.0252
0.0719 bbl/m
0.0077
0.021911 bbl/ft
2.56
19.79 l/m
0.0161
0.1245 bbl/m
0.005
0.038 bbl/ft
4.01
21.41 l/m
0.0252
0.135 bbl/m
0.0077
0.041 bbl/ft
4.01
32.43 l/m
0.0252
0.204 bbl/m
0.0077
0.0622 bbl/ft

Make up torque
For bits
size in"
5 1/87 3/8
7 1/29 3/8
9 1/214 1/2
14 5/818 1/2
18 5/8<

Threads

in daNm

in lbft

3 1/2 REG

950-1200

7000-9000

4 1/2 REG

1600-2200

12000-16000

6 5/8 REG

3800-4300

28000-32000

7 5/8 REG
8 5/8 REG

4600-5400
5400-8100

34000-40000
40000-60000

grade
S-135
S-135

thread
3 1/2 IF
4 1/2 IF

in daNm
1764
3488

in lbft
13010
25700

S-135
S-135

3 1/2 IF
4 1/2 IF

1557
3030

11480
22350

in lbft
9900
29400

For DP
class I. tool joint
size in"
weight in lb/ft
3 1/2
15.5
5
19.5
premium tool joint
3 1/2
15.5
5
19.5
For HWDP
size in"
3 1/2
5

ID in"
2 1/16
3

weight in lb/ft
25.33
49.32

thread
3 1/2 IF
4 1/2 IF

in daNm
1342
3985

For DC
size in"
4 3/4
6 1/4
6 1/4
6 1/2
6 1/2
8
8
8
9
9
9
9

ID in"
1 3/4-2 1/2
5 1/4
10 1/2
13 5/16
2 1/4-3
2 1/2
2 13/16
3
3
3 1/4
3 1/2
3 3/4

thread
3 1/2 IF
4 IF
4 IF
4 1/2 IF
4 1/2 IF
6 5/8 REG
6 5/8 REG
6 5/8 REG
7 5/8 REG
7 5/8 REG
7 5/8 REG
7 5/8 REG

in daNm
1342
3796
3457
4000
4000
7730
7190
6780
11250
11250
10710
10030

in lbft
9900
28000
25500
29500
29500
57000
53000
50000
83000
83000
79000
74000

Triplex pump cilinder & stroke output / pump stroke 12"=304,8mm /


ID in mm
ID in "
efficiency
in l
in bbl
140
5 1/2
100%
14.016
0.0882
140
5 1/2
95%
13.32
0.0864
150
5 29/32
100%
16.159
0.102
150
5 29/32
95%
15.351
0.097
160
6 5/16
100%
18.385
0.1156
160
6 5/16
95%
17.466
0.10986
170
6 11/16
100%
20.7551
0.1305
170
6 11/16
95%
19.717
0.124

37. oldal

in gal
3.703
3.518
4.269
4.055
4.8569
4.6141
5.483
5.21

Conversion table from ppg to kg/l & vica versa


Written by Gabor Nemeth
ppg
kg/l
ppg
8.01
0.960
8.54
8.02
0.961
8.55
8.03
0.962
8.56
8.04
0.963
8.57
8.05
0.965
8.58
8.06
0.966
8.59
8.07
0.967
8.6
8.08
0.968
8.61
8.09
0.969
8.62
8.1
0.971
8.63
8.11
0.972
8.64
8.12
0.973
8.65
8.13
0.974
8.66
8.14
0.975
8.67
8.15
0.977
8.68
8.16
0.978
8.69
8.17
0.979
8.7
8.18
0.980
8.71
8.19
0.981
8.72
8.2
0.983
8.73
8.21
0.984
8.74
8.22
0.985
8.75
8.23
0.986
8.76
8.24
0.987
8.77
8.25
0.989
8.78
8.26
0.990
8.79
8.27
0.991
8.8
8.28
0.992
8.81
8.29
0.993
8.82
8.3
0.995
8.83
8.31
0.996
8.84
8.32
0.997
8.85
8.33
0.998
8.86
8.34
0.999
8.87
8.35
1.001
8.88
8.36
1.002
8.89
8.37
1.003
8.9
8.38
1.004
8.91
8.39
1.005
8.92
8.4
1.007
8.93
8.41
1.008
8.94
8.42
1.009
8.95
8.43
1.010
8.96
8.44
1.011
8.97
8.45
1.013
8.98
8.46
1.014
8.99
8.47
1.015
9
8.48
1.016
9.01
8.49
1.017
9.02
8.5
1.019
9.03
8.51
1.020
9.04
8.52
1.021
9.05
8.53
1.022
9.06

kg/l
1.023
1.025
1.026
1.027
1.028
1.029
1.031
1.032
1.033
1.034
1.035
1.037
1.038
1.039
1.040
1.041
1.043
1.044
1.045
1.046
1.047
1.049
1.050
1.051
1.052
1.053
1.054
1.056
1.057
1.058
1.059
1.060
1.062
1.063
1.064
1.065
1.066
1.068
1.069
1.070
1.071
1.072
1.074
1.075
1.076
1.077
1.078
1.080
1.081
1.082
1.083
1.084
1.086

ppg
9.07
9.08
9.09
9.1
9.11
9.12
9.13
9.14
9.15
9.16
9.17
9.18
9.19
9.2
9.21
9.22
9.23
9.24
9.25
9.26
9.27
9.28
9.29
9.3
9.31
9.32
9.33
9.34
9.35
9.36
9.37
9.38
9.39
9.4
9.41
9.42
9.43
9.44
9.45
9.46
9.47
9.48
9.49
9.5
9.51
9.52
9.53
9.54
9.55
9.56
9.57
9.58
9.59

kg/l
1.087
1.088
1.089
1.090
1.092
1.093
1.094
1.095
1.096
1.098
1.099
1.100
1.101
1.102
1.104
1.105
1.106
1.107
1.108
1.110
1.111
1.112
1.113
1.114
1.116
1.117
1.118
1.119
1.120
1.122
1.123
1.124
1.125
1.126
1.128
1.129
1.130
1.131
1.132
1.134
1.135
1.136
1.137
1.138
1.140
1.141
1.142
1.143
1.144
1.146
1.147
1.148
1.149

38. oldal

ppg
9.6
9.61
9.62
9.63
9.64
9.65
9.66
9.67
9.68
9.69
9.7
9.71
9.72
9.73
9.74
9.75
9.76
9.77
9.78
9.79
9.8
9.81
9.82
9.83
9.84
9.85
9.86
9.87
9.88
9.89
9.9
9.91
9.92
9.93
9.94
9.95
9.96
9.97
9.98
9.99
10
10.01
10.02
10.03
10.04
10.05
10.06
10.07
10.08
10.09
10.1
10.11
10.12

negabor@axelero.hu
kg/l
ppg
kg/l
1.150
10.13
1.214
1.152
10.14
1.215
1.153
10.15
1.216
1.154
10.16
1.217
1.155
10.17
1.219
1.156
10.18
1.220
1.158
10.19
1.221
1.159
10.2
1.222
1.160
10.21
1.223
1.161
10.22
1.225
1.162
10.23
1.226
1.164
10.24
1.227
1.165
10.25
1.228
1.166
10.26
1.229
1.167
10.27
1.231
1.168
10.28
1.232
1.170
10.29
1.233
1.171
10.3
1.234
1.172
10.31
1.235
1.173
10.32
1.237
1.174
10.33
1.238
1.176
10.34
1.239
1.177
10.35
1.240
1.178
10.36
1.241
1.179
10.37
1.243
1.180
10.38
1.244
1.182
10.39
1.245
1.183
10.4
1.246
1.184
10.41
1.247
1.185
10.42
1.249
1.186
10.43
1.250
1.188
10.44
1.251
1.189
10.45
1.252
1.190
10.46
1.253
1.191
10.47
1.255
1.192
10.48
1.256
1.193
10.49
1.257
1.195
10.5
1.258
1.196
10.51
1.259
1.197
10.52
1.261
1.198
10.53
1.262
1.199
10.54
1.263
1.201
10.55
1.264
1.202
10.56
1.265
1.203
10.57
1.267
1.204
10.58
1.268
1.205
10.59
1.269
1.207
10.6
1.270
1.208
10.61
1.271
1.209
10.62
1.273
1.210
10.63
1.274
1.211
10.64
1.275
1.213
10.65
1.276

ppg
10.66
10.67
10.68
10.69
10.7
10.71
10.72
10.73
10.74
10.75
10.76
10.77
10.78
10.79
10.8
10.81
10.82
10.83
10.84
10.85
10.86
10.87
10.88
10.89
10.9
10.91
10.92
10.93
10.94
10.95
10.96
10.97
10.98
10.99
11
11.01
11.02
11.03
11.04
11.05
11.06
11.07
11.08
11.09
11.1
11.11
11.12
11.13
11.14
11.15
11.16
11.17
11.18
11.19
11.2

kg/l
1.277
1.279
1.280
1.281
1.282
1.283
1.285
1.286
1.287
1.288
1.289
1.291
1.292
1.293
1.294
1.295
1.297
1.298
1.299
1.300
1.301
1.303
1.304
1.305
1.306
1.307
1.309
1.310
1.311
1.312
1.313
1.315
1.316
1.317
1.318
1.319
1.321
1.322
1.323
1.324
1.325
1.327
1.328
1.329
1.330
1.331
1.332
1.334
1.335
1.336
1.337
1.338
1.340
1.341
1.342

ppg
11.21
11.22
11.23
11.24
11.25
11.26
11.27
11.28
11.29
11.3
11.31
11.32
11.33
11.34
11.35
11.36
11.37
11.38
11.39
11.4
11.41
11.42
11.43
11.44
11.45
11.46
11.47
11.48
11.49
11.5
11.51
11.52
11.53
11.54
11.55
11.56
11.57
11.58
11.59
11.6
11.61
11.62
11.63
11.64
11.65
11.66
11.67
11.68
11.69
11.7
11.71
11.72
11.73
11.74
11.75

kg/l
1.343
1.344
1.346
1.347
1.348
1.349
1.350
1.352
1.353
1.354
1.355
1.356
1.358
1.359
1.360
1.361
1.362
1.364
1.365
1.366
1.367
1.368
1.370
1.371
1.372
1.373
1.374
1.376
1.377
1.378
1.379
1.380
1.382
1.383
1.384
1.385
1.386
1.388
1.389
1.390
1.391
1.392
1.394
1.395
1.396
1.397
1.398
1.400
1.401
1.402
1.403
1.404
1.406
1.407
1.408

ppg
11.76
11.77
11.78
11.79
11.8
11.81
11.82
11.83
11.84
11.85
11.86
11.87
11.88
11.89
11.9
11.91
11.92
11.93
11.94
11.95
11.96
11.97
11.98
11.99
12
12.01
12.02
12.03
12.04
12.05
12.06
12.07
12.08
12.09
12.1
12.11
12.12
12.13
12.14
12.15
12.16
12.17
12.18
12.19
12.2
12.21
12.22
12.23
12.24
12.25
12.26
12.27
12.28
12.29
12.3

kg/l
1.409
1.410
1.412
1.413
1.414
1.415
1.416
1.418
1.419
1.420
1.421
1.422
1.424
1.425
1.426
1.427
1.428
1.430
1.431
1.432
1.433
1.434
1.436
1.437
1.438
1.439
1.440
1.442
1.443
1.444
1.445
1.446
1.448
1.449
1.450
1.451
1.452
1.454
1.455
1.456
1.457
1.458
1.460
1.461
1.462
1.463
1.464
1.466
1.467
1.468
1.469
1.470
1.472
1.473
1.474

39. oldal

ppg
12.31
12.32
12.33
12.34
12.35
12.36
12.37
12.38
12.39
12.4
12.41
12.42
12.43
12.44
12.45
12.46
12.47
12.48
12.49
12.5
12.51
12.52
12.53
12.54
12.55
12.56
12.57
12.58
12.59
12.6
12.61
12.62
12.63
12.64
12.65
12.66
12.67
12.68
12.69
12.7
12.71
12.72
12.73
12.74
12.75
12.76
12.77
12.78
12.79
12.8
12.81
12.82
12.83
12.84
12.85

kg/l
1.475
1.476
1.477
1.479
1.480
1.481
1.482
1.483
1.485
1.486
1.487
1.488
1.489
1.491
1.492
1.493
1.494
1.495
1.497
1.498
1.499
1.500
1.501
1.503
1.504
1.505
1.506
1.507
1.509
1.510
1.511
1.512
1.513
1.515
1.516
1.517
1.518
1.519
1.521
1.522
1.523
1.524
1.525
1.527
1.528
1.529
1.530
1.531
1.533
1.534
1.535
1.536
1.537
1.539
1.540

ppg
12.86
12.87
12.88
12.89
12.9
12.91
12.92
12.93
12.94
12.95
12.96
12.97
12.98
12.99
13
13.01
13.02
13.03
13.04
13.05
13.06
13.07
13.08
13.09
13.1
13.11
13.12
13.13
13.14
13.15
13.16
13.17
13.18
13.19
13.2
13.21
13.22
13.23
13.24
13.25
13.26
13.27
13.28
13.29
13.3
13.31
13.32
13.33
13.34
13.35
13.36
13.37
13.38
13.39
13.4

kg/l
1.541
1.542
1.543
1.545
1.546
1.547
1.548
1.549
1.551
1.552
1.553
1.554
1.555
1.557
1.558
1.559
1.560
1.561
1.563
1.564
1.565
1.566
1.567
1.569
1.570
1.571
1.572
1.573
1.575
1.576
1.577
1.578
1.579
1.581
1.582
1.583
1.584
1.585
1.587
1.588
1.589
1.590
1.591
1.593
1.594
1.595
1.596
1.597
1.599
1.600
1.601
1.602
1.603
1.605
1.606

ppg
13.41
13.42
13.43
13.44
13.45
13.46
13.47
13.48
13.49
13.5
13.51
13.52
13.53
13.54
13.55
13.56
13.57
13.58
13.59
13.6
13.61
13.62
13.63
13.64
13.65
13.66
13.67
13.68
13.69
13.7
13.71
13.72
13.73
13.74
13.75
13.76
13.77
13.78
13.79
13.8
13.81
13.82
13.83
13.84
13.85
13.86
13.87
13.88
13.89
13.9
13.91
13.92
13.93
13.94
13.95

kg/l
1.607
1.608
1.609
1.611
1.612
1.613
1.614
1.615
1.616
1.618
1.619
1.620
1.621
1.622
1.624
1.625
1.626
1.627
1.628
1.630
1.631
1.632
1.633
1.634
1.636
1.637
1.638
1.639
1.640
1.642
1.643
1.644
1.645
1.646
1.648
1.649
1.650
1.651
1.652
1.654
1.655
1.656
1.657
1.658
1.660
1.661
1.662
1.663
1.664
1.666
1.667
1.668
1.669
1.670
1.672

ppg
13.96
13.97
13.98
13.99
14
14.01
14.02
14.03
14.04
14.05
14.06
14.07
14.08
14.09
14.1
14.11
14.12
14.13
14.14
14.15
14.16
14.17
14.18
14.19
14.2
14.21
14.22
14.23
14.24
14.25
14.26
14.27
14.28
14.29
14.3
14.31
14.32
14.33
14.34
14.35
14.36
14.37
14.38
14.39
14.4
14.41
14.42
14.43
14.44
14.45
14.46
14.47
14.48
14.49
14.5

kg/l
1.673
1.674
1.675
1.676
1.678
1.679
1.680
1.681
1.682
1.684
1.685
1.686
1.687
1.688
1.690
1.691
1.692
1.693
1.694
1.696
1.697
1.698
1.699
1.700
1.702
1.703
1.704
1.705
1.706
1.708
1.709
1.710
1.711
1.712
1.714
1.715
1.716
1.717
1.718
1.720
1.721
1.722
1.723
1.724
1.726
1.727
1.728
1.729
1.730
1.732
1.733
1.734
1.735
1.736
1.738

ppg
14.51
14.52
14.53
14.54
14.55
14.56
14.57
14.58
14.59
14.6
14.61
14.62
14.63
14.64
14.65
14.66
14.67
14.68
14.69
14.7
14.71
14.72
14.73
14.74
14.75
14.76
14.77
14.78
14.79
14.8
14.81
14.82
14.83
14.84
14.85
14.86
14.87
14.88
14.89
14.9
14.91
14.92
14.93
14.94
14.95
14.96
14.97
14.98
14.99
15
15.01
15.02
15.03
15.04
15.05

kg/l
1.739
1.740
1.741
1.742
1.744
1.745
1.746
1.747
1.748
1.750
1.751
1.752
1.753
1.754
1.755
1.757
1.758
1.759
1.760
1.761
1.763
1.764
1.765
1.766
1.767
1.769
1.770
1.771
1.772
1.773
1.775
1.776
1.777
1.778
1.779
1.781
1.782
1.783
1.784
1.785
1.787
1.788
1.789
1.790
1.791
1.793
1.794
1.795
1.796
1.797
1.799
1.800
1.801
1.802
1.803

40. oldal

ppg
15.06
15.07
15.08
15.09
15.1
15.11
15.12
15.13
15.14
15.15
15.16
15.17
15.18
15.19
15.2
15.21
15.22
15.23
15.24
15.25
15.26
15.27
15.28
15.29
15.3
15.31
15.32
15.33
15.34
15.35
15.36
15.37
15.38
15.39
15.4
15.41
15.42
15.43
15.44
15.45
15.46
15.47
15.48
15.49
15.5
15.51
15.52
15.53
15.54
15.55
15.56
15.57
15.58
15.59
15.6

kg/l
1.805
1.806
1.807
1.808
1.809
1.811
1.812
1.813
1.814
1.815
1.817
1.818
1.819
1.820
1.821
1.823
1.824
1.825
1.826
1.827
1.829
1.830
1.831
1.832
1.833
1.835
1.836
1.837
1.838
1.839
1.841
1.842
1.843
1.844
1.845
1.847
1.848
1.849
1.850
1.851
1.853
1.854
1.855
1.856
1.857
1.859
1.860
1.861
1.862
1.863
1.865
1.866
1.867
1.868
1.869

ppg
15.61
15.62
15.63
15.64
15.65
15.66
15.67
15.68
15.69
15.7
15.71
15.72
15.73
15.74
15.75
15.76
15.77
15.78
15.79
15.8
15.81
15.82
15.83
15.84
15.85
15.86
15.87
15.88
15.89
15.9
15.91
15.92
15.93
15.94
15.95
15.96
15.97
15.98
15.99
16
16.01
16.02
16.03
16.04
16.05
16.06
16.07
16.08
16.09
16.1
16.11
16.12
16.13
16.14
16.15

kg/l
1.871
1.872
1.873
1.874
1.875
1.877
1.878
1.879
1.880
1.881
1.883
1.884
1.885
1.886
1.887
1.889
1.890
1.891
1.892
1.893
1.894
1.896
1.897
1.898
1.899
1.900
1.902
1.903
1.904
1.905
1.906
1.908
1.909
1.910
1.911
1.912
1.914
1.915
1.916
1.917
1.918
1.920
1.921
1.922
1.923
1.924
1.926
1.927
1.928
1.929
1.930
1.932
1.933
1.934
1.935

ppg
16.16
16.17
16.18
16.19
16.2
16.21
16.22
16.23
16.24
16.25
16.26
16.27
16.28
16.29
16.3
16.31
16.32
16.33
16.34
16.35
16.36
16.37
16.38
16.39
16.4
16.41
16.42
16.43
16.44
16.45
16.46
16.47
16.48
16.49
16.5
16.51
16.52
16.53
16.54
16.55
16.56
16.57
16.58
16.59
16.6
16.61
16.62
16.63
16.64
16.65
16.66
16.67
16.68
16.69
16.7

kg/l
1.936
1.938
1.939
1.940
1.941
1.942
1.944
1.945
1.946
1.947
1.948
1.950
1.951
1.952
1.953
1.954
1.956
1.957
1.958
1.959
1.960
1.962
1.963
1.964
1.965
1.966
1.968
1.969
1.970
1.971
1.972
1.974
1.975
1.976
1.977
1.978
1.980
1.981
1.982
1.983
1.984
1.986
1.987
1.988
1.989
1.990
1.992
1.993
1.994
1.995
1.996
1.998
1.999
2.000
2.001

ppg
16.71
16.72
16.73
16.74
16.75
16.76
16.77
16.78
16.79
16.8
16.81
16.82
16.83
16.84
16.85
16.86
16.87
16.88
16.89
16.9
16.91
16.92
16.93
16.94
16.95
16.96
16.97
16.98
16.99
17
17.01
17.02
17.03
17.04
17.05
17.06
17.07
17.08
17.09
17.1
17.11
17.12
17.13
17.14
17.15
17.16
17.17
17.18
17.19
17.2
17.21
17.22
17.23
17.24
17.25

kg/l
2.002
2.004
2.005
2.006
2.007
2.008
2.010
2.011
2.012
2.013
2.014
2.016
2.017
2.018
2.019
2.020
2.022
2.023
2.024
2.025
2.026
2.028
2.029
2.030
2.031
2.032
2.033
2.035
2.036
2.037
2.038
2.039
2.041
2.042
2.043
2.044
2.045
2.047
2.048
2.049
2.050
2.051
2.053
2.054
2.055
2.056
2.057
2.059
2.060
2.061
2.062
2.063
2.065
2.066
2.067

ppg
17.26
17.27
17.28
17.29
17.3
17.31
17.32
17.33
17.34
17.35
17.36
17.37
17.38
17.39
17.4
17.41
17.42
17.43
17.44
17.45
17.46
17.47
17.48
17.49
17.5
17.51
17.52
17.53
17.54
17.55
17.56
17.57
17.58
17.59
17.6
17.61
17.62
17.63
17.64
17.65
17.66
17.67
17.68
17.69
17.7
17.71
17.72
17.73
17.74
17.75
17.76
17.77
17.78
17.79
17.8

kg/l
2.068
2.069
2.071
2.072
2.073
2.074
2.075
2.077
2.078
2.079
2.080
2.081
2.083
2.084
2.085
2.086
2.087
2.089
2.090
2.091
2.092
2.093
2.095
2.096
2.097
2.098
2.099
2.101
2.102
2.103
2.104
2.105
2.107
2.108
2.109
2.110
2.111
2.113
2.114
2.115
2.116
2.117
2.119
2.120
2.121
2.122
2.123
2.125
2.126
2.127
2.128
2.129
2.131
2.132
2.133

41. oldal

ppg
17.81
17.82
17.83
17.84
17.85
17.86
17.87
17.88
17.89
17.9
17.91
17.92
17.93
17.94
17.95
17.96
17.97
17.98
17.99
18
18.01
18.02
18.03
18.04
18.05
18.06
18.07
18.08
18.09
18.1
18.11
18.12
18.13
18.14
18.15
18.16
18.17
18.18
18.19
18.2
18.21
18.22
18.23
18.24
18.25
18.26
18.27
18.28
18.29
18.3
18.31
18.32
18.33
18.34
18.35

kg/l
2.134
2.135
2.137
2.138
2.139
2.140
2.141
2.143
2.144
2.145
2.146
2.147
2.149
2.150
2.151
2.152
2.153
2.155
2.156
2.157
2.158
2.159
2.161
2.162
2.163
2.164
2.165
2.167
2.168
2.169
2.170
2.171
2.172
2.174
2.175
2.176
2.177
2.178
2.180
2.181
2.182
2.183
2.184
2.186
2.187
2.188
2.189
2.190
2.192
2.193
2.194
2.195
2.196
2.198
2.199

ppg
18.36
18.37
18.38
18.39
18.4
18.41
18.42
18.43
18.44
18.45
18.46
18.47
18.48
18.49
18.5
18.51
18.52
18.53
18.54
18.55
18.56
18.57
18.58
18.59
18.6
18.61
18.62
18.63
18.64
18.65
18.66
18.67
18.68
18.69
18.7
18.71
18.72
18.73
18.74
18.75
18.76
18.77
18.78
18.79
18.8
18.81
18.82
18.83
18.84
18.85
18.86
18.87
18.88
18.89
18.9

kg/l
2.200
2.201
2.202
2.204
2.205
2.206
2.207
2.208
2.210
2.211
2.212
2.213
2.214
2.216
2.217
2.218
2.219
2.220
2.222
2.223
2.224
2.225
2.226
2.228
2.229
2.230
2.231
2.232
2.234
2.235
2.236
2.237
2.238
2.240
2.241
2.242
2.243
2.244
2.246
2.247
2.248
2.249
2.250
2.252
2.253
2.254
2.255
2.256
2.258
2.259
2.260
2.261
2.262
2.264
2.265

ppg
18.91
18.92
18.93
18.94
18.95
18.96
18.97
18.98
18.99
19
19.01
19.02
19.03
19.04
19.05
19.06
19.07
19.08
19.09
19.1
19.11
19.12
19.13
19.14
19.15
19.16
19.17
19.18
19.19
19.2
19.21
19.22
19.23
19.24
19.25
19.26
19.27
19.28
19.29
19.3
19.31
19.32
19.33
19.34
19.35
19.36
19.37
19.38
19.39
19.4
19.41
19.42
19.43
19.44
19.45

kg/l
2.266
2.267
2.268
2.270
2.271
2.272
2.273
2.274
2.276
2.277
2.278
2.279
2.280
2.282
2.283
2.284
2.285
2.286
2.288
2.289
2.290
2.291
2.292
2.294
2.295
2.296
2.297
2.298
2.300
2.301
2.302
2.303
2.304
2.306
2.307
2.308
2.309
2.310
2.312
2.313
2.314
2.315
2.316
2.317
2.319
2.320
2.321
2.322
2.323
2.325
2.326
2.327
2.328
2.329
2.331

ppg
19.46
19.47
19.48
19.49
19.5
19.51
19.52
19.53
19.54
19.55
19.56
19.57
19.58
19.59
19.6
19.61
19.62
19.63
19.64
19.65
19.66
19.67
19.68
19.69
19.7
19.71
19.72
19.73
19.74
19.75
19.76
19.77
19.78
19.79
19.8
19.81
19.82
19.83
19.84
19.85
19.86
19.87
19.88
19.89
19.9
19.91
19.92
19.93
19.94
19.95
19.96
19.97
19.98
19.99
20

kg/l
2.332
2.333
2.334
2.335
2.337
2.338
2.339
2.340
2.341
2.343
2.344
2.345
2.346
2.347
2.349
2.350
2.351
2.352
2.353
2.355
2.356
2.357
2.358
2.359
2.361
2.362
2.363
2.364
2.365
2.367
2.368
2.369
2.370
2.371
2.373
2.374
2.375
2.376
2.377
2.379
2.380
2.381
2.382
2.383
2.385
2.386
2.387
2.388
2.389
2.391
2.392
2.393
2.394
2.395
2.397

ppg
20.01
20.02
20.03
20.04
20.05
20.06
20.07
20.08
20.09
20.1
20.11
20.12
20.13
20.14
20.15
20.16
20.17
20.18
20.19
20.2
20.21
20.22
20.23
20.24
20.25
20.26
20.27
20.28
20.29
20.3
20.31
20.32
20.33
20.34
20.35
20.36
20.37
20.38
20.39
20.4
20.41
20.42
20.43
20.44
20.45
20.46
20.47
20.48
20.49
20.5
20.51
20.52
20.53
20.54
20.55

kg/l
2.398
2.399
2.400
2.401
2.403
2.404
2.405
2.406
2.407
2.409
2.410
2.411
2.412
2.413
2.415
2.416
2.417
2.418
2.419
2.421
2.422
2.423
2.424
2.425
2.427
2.428
2.429
2.430
2.431
2.433
2.434
2.435
2.436
2.437
2.439
2.440
2.441
2.442
2.443
2.445
2.446
2.447
2.448
2.449
2.451
2.452
2.453
2.454
2.455
2.456
2.458
2.459
2.460
2.461
2.462

42. oldal

ppg
20.56
20.57
20.58
20.59
20.6
20.61
20.62
20.63
20.64
20.65
20.66
20.67
20.68
20.69
20.7
20.71
20.72
20.73
20.74
20.75
20.76
20.77
20.78
20.79
20.8
20.81
20.82
20.83
20.84
20.85
20.86
20.87
20.88
20.89
20.9
20.91
20.92
20.93
20.94
20.95
20.96
20.97
20.98
20.99
21
21.01
21.02
21.03
21.04
21.05
21.06
21.07
21.08
21.09
21.1

kg/l
2.464
2.465
2.466
2.467
2.468
2.470
2.471
2.472
2.473
2.474
2.476
2.477
2.478
2.479
2.480
2.482
2.483
2.484
2.485
2.486
2.488
2.489
2.490
2.491
2.492
2.494
2.495
2.496
2.497
2.498
2.500
2.501
2.502
2.503
2.504
2.506
2.507
2.508
2.509
2.510
2.512
2.513
2.514
2.515
2.516
2.518
2.519
2.520
2.521
2.522
2.524
2.525
2.526
2.527
2.528

ppg
21.11
21.12
21.13
21.14
21.15
21.16
21.17
21.18
21.19
21.2
21.21
21.22
21.23
21.24
21.25
21.26
21.27
21.28
21.29
21.3
21.31
21.32
21.33
21.34
21.35
21.36
21.37
21.38
21.39
21.4
21.41
21.42
21.43
21.44
21.45
21.46
21.47
21.48
21.49
21.5
21.51
21.52
21.53
21.54
21.55
21.56
21.57
21.58
21.59
21.6
21.61
21.62
21.63
21.64
21.65

kg/l
2.530
2.531
2.532
2.533
2.534
2.536
2.537
2.538
2.539
2.540
2.542
2.543
2.544
2.545
2.546
2.548
2.549
2.550
2.551
2.552
2.554
2.555
2.556
2.557
2.558
2.560
2.561
2.562
2.563
2.564
2.566
2.567
2.568
2.569
2.570
2.572
2.573
2.574
2.575
2.576
2.578
2.579
2.580
2.581
2.582
2.584
2.585
2.586
2.587
2.588
2.590
2.591
2.592
2.593
2.594

Trip calculations
negabor@axelero.hu

Written by Gabor Nemeth


Data
Pmd-Pipe metal displacement
Pcap-Pipe capacity
Pt-Pipe total displacement
Lstd- Average length of stand
Pac-Csg-pipe annular capacity
OMW-Original mud weight
SMW-Slug mud weight
Vs-Volume of slug
Lsc-a certain level of mud in the pipe

Metric
0.00428
0.00897
0.01325
28.7
0.02367
1490
1680
8
113.73

Unit

l/m
l/m
l/m
m
l/m
kg/m3
kg/m3
m3
m

Field

0.008205
0.017195
0.0254
94.16
0.045375
12.43
14.02
50.32
373.17

Unit

bbl/ft
bbl/ft
bbl/ft
ft
bbl/ft
ppg
ppg
bbl
ft

Fill in ONLY the section above with data and the program will calculate by itself !!!

1. Fluid level drop (FLD) :


a; In dry POOH
FLD=

(Pipe displ. x length of stand)/(csg-pipe annular cap.+pipe cap.)


3.76 m/std

12.35 ft/std

b; In wet POOH
FLD=

(Pipe total displ. x length of stand)/(csg-pipe ann. cap.+pipe total cap)

10.30 m/std
2. Hydrostatic pressure loss (Ploss) :
a; In dry POOH
OMW x g x FLD
Ploss=
b; In wet POOH
OMW x g x FLD
Ploss=

33.79 ft/std

55 kPa/std

7.98 psi/std

151 kPa/std

21.85 psi/std

3. Slug :
a; Level of mud in the pipe after slug (Ls) :
Ls=

((SMW-OMW) x (Vs/Pcap))/OMW

113.73 m

373.17 ft

b; Slug mud weight based on a certain level of mud in the pipe (SMW1) :

SMW1=

OMW+((Lsc x OMW)/(Vs/Pcap))

1680.00 kg/m3

14.02 ppg

HYDRAULICS
Written by Gabor Nemeth
Data
TVD-True vertical depth
OMW-Original mud weight
d-specific gravity
Do-Annulus outside diameter
Di-Annulus inside diameter/outside string/
Lp-length of string
m-Dynamic viscosity
mp-plastic viscosity
to-Yield value
SPM-stroke per minute
L-length of stroke
D-liner diameter
dp-piston rod diameter
Qr-True measured flow rate
vas-Annular capacity

Metric
2233
1150
1.15
9 5/8
3 1/2
2233
4
2
1
150
6
4 1/2
0
633.00
33.1

negabor@axelero.hu
Unit
Unit
Field
m
7326.12 ft
9.60 ppg
kg/m3
kg/l
1.2 kg/l
in
9 5/8 in
in
3 1/2 in
m
7326.12 ft
cp
4 cp
cp
2 cp
1 lb/100ft2
lb/100ft2
str/min
150 str/min
in
6 in
in
4 1/2 in
in
0 in
l/min
167.23 gpm
l/m
0.06345 bbl/ft

Fill in ONLY the section above with data and the program will calculate by itself !!!
1. Theoretical flow rate (Qt) :
a; Duplex pump:
Qt=(metric.)
0,0515 x SPM x L x (D^2-dp^2/2) (metric)
0,000162 x SPM x L x ((2 x D^2)-dp^2) (field)
Qt=(field.)
b; Single-acting Triplex pump:
Qt=(metric.)
Qt= 0,0386 x SPM x L x D^2 (metric)
Qt=(field.)
Qt=0,000243 x SPM x D^2 x L (field)
2. Volumetric efficiency (hv) :
hv=(duplex pump)
hv=Qr/Qt (duplex pump)
hv=(triplex pump)
hv=Qr/Qt (triplex pump)

l/min
gpm

703.49 l/min
186.00 gpm

90%

3. Critical fluid velocity in the annulus (Vc) :


(3,04/((Do-Di)xd))x(mp+(root2 mp^2+40,05xto x (Do-Di)^2 x d)) (metric)
Vc=(metric.)
(9,974/((Do-Di)xd))x(mp+(root2 mp^2+40,05xto x (Do-Di)^2 x d)) (field)
Vc=(field.)
V-Fluid velocity
19.12 m/min
turbulent
Type of flow :
If V<Vc, the flow is laminar; if V>Vc, the flow is turbulent !

4. Annular Pressure Loss (APL) :


APL=((Qr*Lp*m
p)/(13,26*(D
o-Di)))
Laminar flow: APL=(Q
r x Lpp)/(408,63*(Do+Di)*(Do-Di)^3))+((t
x m)/(408,63 x (Do+Di) x (Doo*L-D
i)^3) (metric)
Turbulent flow: APL=(Lp*d^0,8*Qr^1,8*mp^0,2)/(706,96*(Do+Di)^1,8*(Do-Di)^3)

APL=(field.)

((Lp*to)/225*(Do-Di))+(((Lp*mp*(V/60))/1500*(Do-Di)^2)

5. Equivalent circulating density (ECD) :


ECD=(metric.) OMW+((APL x 1000)/(9,81xTVD)) (metric)
ECD=(field.)
OMW+(APL/(0,052*TVD)) (field.)

1151 kg/m3

6. Trip margin (TM) :


TM=(metr.)
to x 10,2418/(Do-Di)(metr.)
TM=(field.)
to/(11,7x(Do-Di)) (field.)

1.67 kg/m3

90%

18.82 m/min
61.76 ft/min
62.75 ft/min
turbulent

30 kPa
19 kPa
5.59 psi

9.61 ppg

0.01 ppg

WORK DONE BY A DRILLING LINE

/metric units/

Fill in ONLY this section with data

negabor@axelero.hu
Written by Gabor Nemeth
L1=the deepest depth of the operation
in meter
3600 m
L2=the beginning of the operation
in meter
3580 m
l =length of a stand
in meter
28.6 m
260 m
LDC 1=length of DC 1
in meter
100 m
LDC 2=length of DC 2
in meter
0 m
LHWDP=length of HWDP
in meter
Real weight of bit, stabilizer, drilling jar, pony DC, etc.
in kg
1300 kg
DC 1 real weight
in kg/m
242 kg/m
DC 2 real weight
in kg/m
214.8 kg/m
HWDP real weight
in kg/m
73.4 kg/m
DP 1 real weight (or tbg., or csg.)
in kg/m
29.02 kg/m
1900 m
LDP 1=length of DP 1
in meter
DP 2 real weight (or tbg., or csg.)
in kg/m
23.1 kg/m
1320 m
LDP 2=length of DP 2
in meter
Mud density
in kg/l
1.49 kg/l
P=total weight of travelling block-elevator assembly
in kg
8000 kg
p=weight of DP with tool joints(accounting for buoyancy)
in kg/m
21.53 kg/m
d=additional weight due to BHA(DC,HWDP,bit etc.)(accounting for buoyancy) kg
69433 kg
BUOYANCY FACTOR k=1-(Mud density/Steel density)
0.810
DC 1 apparent weight
=
DC 1 real weight-Buoyancy DC 1
196.07 kg/m
DC 2 apparent weight
=
DC 2 real weight-Buoyancy DC 2
174.03 kg/m
HWDP real weight-Buoyancy HWDP
HWDP apparent weight =
59.47 kg/m
DP 1 apparent weight
=
DP 1 real weight-Buoyancy DP 1
23.51 kg/m
DP 2 apparent weight
=
DP 2 real weight-Buoyancy DP 2
18.69 kg/m
Bit, stabilizer, drilling jar, pony DC, etc. apparent weight
1053.25 kg
Buoyancy DC 1 =
(DC 1 real weight*Mud density)/Steel density
45.93 kg/m
Buoyancy DC 2 =
(DC 2 real weight*Mud density)/Steel density
40.77 kg/m
Buoyancy HWDP=
HWDP real weight*Mud density/Steel density
13.93 kg/m
Buoyancy DP 1 =
(DP 1 real weight*Mud density)/Steel density
5.51 kg/m
Buoyancy DP 2 =
(DP 2 real weight*Mud density)/Steel density
4.38 kg/m
Apparent weight

HENCE:

Real weight x ((Steel density - Mud density) / Steel density)

Type of operation:

Tm1
Tm2
Tm=(0,981*(p*L*(L+l)+4*L*(P+d/2))*(10^-6))*1,02
in tons km.
897
890

pooh

1.

Round trip

2.

POOH

3.

RIH

tons km

4.

Short trip

tons km

5.

Drilling 1

tons km

6.

Drilling 2

tons km

7.

Reaming

tons km

8.

Coring

tons km

9.

Running casing

tons km

Steel

tons km

448

NOTE:

density :

7.85

tons km

kg/dm3

Fill in ONLY this section with data

WORK DONE BY A DRILLING LINE

/field units/

D1=the deepest depth of the operation


in feet
D2=the beginning of the operation
in feet
L =length of a stand
in feet
LDC 1=length of DC
in feet
LDC 2=length of DC
in feet
LHWDP=length of HWDP
in feet
Real weight of bit, stabilizer, drilling jar, pony DC, etc.
in lbs
Length of bit, stabilizer, drilling jar, pony DC, etc.
in feet
DC 1 real weight
in lb/ft
DC 2 real weight
in lb/ft
HWDP real weight
in lb/ft
DP 1 real weight (or tbg., or csg.)
in lb/ft
LDP 1=length of DP 1
in feet
DP 2 real weight (or tbg., or csg.)
in lb/ft
LDP 2=length of DP 2
in feet
Mud density
in ppg
M=total weight of travelling block-elevator assembly
in lbs
W = Bouyed weight of drill pipe
in lb/ft
C = Bouyed weight of BHA minus bouyed weight of equal length DP
in lbs
BUOYANCY FACTOR k=1-(Mud density/Steel density)
DC 1 apparent weight
=
DC 1 real weight-Buoyancy DC 1
DC 2 apparent weight
=
DC 2 real weight-Buoyancy DC 2
HWDP apparent weight
=
HWDP real weight-Buoyancy HWDP
DP 1 apparent weight
=
DP 1 real weight-Buoyancy DP 1
DP 2 apparent weight
=
DP 2 real weight-Buoyancy DP 2
Bit, stabilizer, drilling jar, pony DC, etc. apparent weight
Buoyancy DC 1 =
(DC 1 real weight*Mud density)/Steel density
Buoyancy DC 2 =
(DC 2 real weight*Mud density)/Steel density
Buoyancy HWDP=
HWDP real weight*Mud density/Steel density
Buoyancy DP 1 =
(DP 1 real weight*Mud density)/Steel density
Buoyancy DP 2 =
(DP 2 real weight*Mud density)/Steel density
Apparent weight

HENCE:

11811
11745
93.83
853
328
0
2866
10
162.89
144.34
49.32
19.5
6234
15.5
4320
12.43
17637
14.47
156935
0.810
131.98
116.95
39.96
15.80
12.56
2322.20
30.91
27.39
9.36
3.70
2.94

ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
lbs
ft
lb/ft
lb/ft
lb/ft
lb/ft
ft
lb/ft
ft
ppg
lbs
lb/ft
lbs
lb/ft
lb/ft
lb/ft
lb/ft
lb/ft
lbs
lb/ft
lb/ft
lb/ft
lb/ft
lb/ft

Real weight x ((Steel density - Mud density) / Steel density)

Type of operation:

Tm1
Tm2
TM=((D*(L+D)*W/10560000)+((D*(M+1/2C)/2640000)
623
618

pooh

1.

Round trip

2.

POOH

3.

RIH

tonmiles

4.

Short trip

tonmiles

5.

Drilling 1

tonmiles

6.

Drilling 2

tonmiles

7.

Reaming

tonmiles

8.

Coring

tonmiles

9.

Running casing

tonmiles

tonmiles

311 tonmiles

NOTE:
Steel

density :

65.51 ppg

PROCEDURE FOR SLIP & CUT DRILLING LINE PROGRAMME

INTRODUCTION
This procedure has issued as a guidline for slip and cut drilling line programme

RIG BASIC DATA


Mast

Hook
load

Capacity Height

tons

14 mlbs

142 ft

500

Drilling Line
Type
1 3/8 6 x 19
IPS, IWRC

Breaking load

No. of
line

in tons
75.7

14

Drawworks

Drum

Type

Type of
bearCap. rings

Type

OD "

Midco
U914

1400
HP

Grooved

30

CUT OFF LENGTH IN NUMBER OF DRUM LAPS FOR DRILLING LINE


X laps + 1/2 lap for counterbalanced grooved drum =

11 1/2

Plain

1.09
3.34173
( as per API RP 9B )

laps

Conversion of laps to length is


p * OD/12 * No.of drum laps

90.32 ft

27.53 m

Fast line tension = Hook load/(Number of line x Reeving efficiency)


Reeving efficiency (hm)=

ta= F/(N x hm)

64.22 tons

(Friction factor/depending on type of bearrings/ to the number of line th power) - 1


Number of line x (Friction factor -1) x (Friction factor to the number of line th power)

Safety factor ( S.F. ) is equal

S.F. = Breaking load / Fast line tension

Ton- Miles per foot cut when operating at safety factor 5 is 20, for full cut - off length

20 * 90,32' =

1806 ton-miles

This is a good drilling practice to slip three times between cut - off.

THE GOOD PROCEDURE IS

Slip drilling line 9 m after every 602 ton - miles / 862 Tkm /
Cut - off drilling line 27 m after every 1806 ton - miles / 2586 Tkm /

1.18

Rig No.

Drilling line work report

Units : Tons, meters, Tkm

FILL ONLY THE WHITE COLUMNS


DATE

RIG ACTOIN FROM

10/02/00 Drilling
11/02/00 Round trip

0
50

TO

50
0

TKM FROM FROM


TKM
CUT,
ACT. SLIP CUT CUMMUL. SLIP

8
8
15
60
55
450
310
9
18
56
156
230
18
27
400
200
8
12
9
65
56
98
79
222
200
26
64
79
120
300
8
8
16
69
150
8
45
12
200
16
150
35
80
45
150
8
16
16
30
15

8
16
31
91
146
0
310
0
18
74
230
460
478
0
400
0
8
20
29
94
150
248
327
0
200
226
290
369
489
0
8
16
32
101
251
259
304
316
0
16
166
201
281
326
0
8
24
40
70
85

8
16
31
91
146
596
906
0
18
74
230
460
478
505
905
1105
1113
1125
1134
1199
1255
1353
1432
0
200
226
290
369
489
789
797
805
821
890
1040
1048
1093
1105
1305
1321
1471
1506
1586
1631
0
8
24
40
70
85

8
16
31
91
146
596
906
915
933
989
1145
1375
1393
1420
1820
2020
2028
2040
2049
2114
2170
2268
2347
2569
2769
2795
2859
2938
3058
3358
3366
3374
3390
3459
3609
3617
3662
3674
3874
3890
4040
4075
4155
4200
4350
4358
4374
4390
4420
4435

C O. S
LENGT
H

slip

cut

27

slip

slip

cut

27

slip

slip

cut

27

BHA
PRESENT
LENGTH NUMBER

1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1073
1073
1073
1073
1073
1073
1073
1073
1073
1073
1073
1073
1073
1073
1073
1073
1046
1046
1046
1046
1046
1046
1046
1046
1046
1046
1046
1046
1046
1046
1046
1046
1046
1046
1046
1046
1046
1019
1019
1019
1019
1019
1019

50
8

135
143

135
143

4485
4493

1019
1019

DC1 DC2 HWD

DP1

DP2

Determination of the length of free pipe in a stuck string


Written by Gabor Nemeth
Data
DP1 real weight /including tool joint/
DP2 real weight /including tool joint/
HWDP real weight
DC1 real weight
DC2 real weight
DP1 length
DP2 length
HWDP length
DC1 length
DC2 length
Mud density
DP1 tensile yield strength
Distance between the two datum lines / l /

Bit

Metric
25.05
31.83
73.4
149.8
123.9
1000
1500
300
150
100
1.4
141.2
300

negabor@axelero.hu
Unit
Field
Unit
kg/m
16.83 lb/ft
kg/m
21.39 lb/ft
kg/m
49.32 lb/ft
kg/m
100.66 lb/ft
kg/m
83.26 lb/ft
m
3281 ft
m
4921 ft
m
984 ft
m
492 ft
m
328 ft
kg/l
11.68 ppg
3
317430 lbs
10 daN
mm
11 4/5 inches

Fill in ONLY the section above with data and the program will calculate by itself !!!

Procedures
1. Calculate the maximum pull on drill pipe.
2. Calculate the weight of the drill string in mud.
3. Calculate the allowable pull margin.
4. Pull on the drill string until the weight indicator shows a pull T1 of some tons. This
should be approximately the weight of drill string in mud + 30 % of the pull margin.
Draw a mark at the kelly-bushing level. Pull on approximately 2-6 tons / 4400-13200 lbs/
more than before and return to the previous weight. Draw a second mark at the kellybushing level. This second mark should be distinct from the first caused by friction of
drill pipe in the hole. Draw a datum line midway between these two marks.
5. Proceed as above by applying T2 pull on. This should be approximately the weight of
drill string in mud + 65 % of the pull margin. Draw a mark at the kelly-bushing level.
Pull on again approximately 2-6 tons / 4400-13200 lbs /more than before, and return to
the previous weight. Draw a second mark as before and draw a datum line midway
between these two marks.
6. Measure the distance / l / in mm or inches between the two datum lines.
7. Calculate the length of free pipe.
Calculation of max. pull on drill pipe

130 tons

285687 lbs

Calculation of weight of drill string in mud

107 tons

234880 lbs

23 tons

50807 lbs

Calculation of T1 pull

113 tons

250122 lbs

Calculation of T2 pull

122 tons

267905 lbs

Calculation of the allowable pull margin

Calculation of the length of free pipe

2538 m

8337 ft

Back-off
negabor@axelero.hu

DP1
HWDP
DC2
DC1

Data
DP1 real weight /including tool joint/
DP2 real weight /including tool joint/
HWDP real weight
DC1 real weight
DC2 real weight
Weight of travelling block, hook etc.
DP1 length
DP2 length
HWDP length
DC1 length
DC2 length
Mud density
Depth of stuck point
Depth of back-off
Tool joint matting surface area
DP1 torsional strength
Max torsional limit for 1000 m DP

DP2

Written by Gabor Nemeth

Bit

Metric
25.05
31.83
73.4
149.8
123.9
8
1000
1500
300
150
100
1.4
3384
2500
21.93
141.2
12 1/2

Unit
kg/m
kg/m
kg/m
kg/m
kg/m
tons
m
m
m
m
m
kg/l
m
m
cm2
103daN

Field
16.83
21.39
49.32
100.66
83.26
17637
3281
4921
984
492
328
11.68
11117
8202
3.4
317430
turns/1000 m
12 1/2

Unit
lb/ft
lb/ft
lb/ft
lb/ft
lb/ft
lbs
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ppg
ft
ft
in2
lbs
turns/3281 ft

Fill in ONLY the section above with data and the program will calculate by itself !!!

Procedures
1. Before any back-off, determine the depth of stuck point. Decide the depth of back-off.
2. Make up the drill string to 80% of the torsional limit of the drill pipe in tension ( weight
of drill string in mud ). Read the torsional limit in the "Drilling Data Handbook" K21-K24
chart, and multiply by the back-off depth/1000 m ( back-off depth/3280,84 ft ). Make-up
the drill string to the right.
3. Set the neutral point at the depth of back-off. The weight indicator should show the calculated tension.
4. Apply leftward twist amounting to 80% of the rightward twist used to make-up the string.

Calculation of weight of drill string in mud


80% of max. torsional limit at back-off depth in tension

Hydrostatic pressure at the depth of back-off

107 tons
25 right turns
34335 kPa

234880 lbs
25 right turns
4982 psi

Weight in mud of free length of drill pipe + block

68 tons

149504 lbs

Weight indicator tension at neutral point

75 tons

166446 lbs

80% of rightward turns for applying leftward twist

20 left turns

20 left turns