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SINDAG Congress Florianpolis, SC June, 2011

WARNING PROPRIETARY NOTICE


This document is the property of Pratt & Whitney Canada Corp. (P&WC). You may not possess, use, copy or disclose this document or any information in it, for any purpose, including without limitation to design, manufacture, or repair parts, or obtain FAA or other government approval to do so, without P&WC's express written permission. Neither receipt nor possession of this document alone, from any source, constitutes such permission. Possession, use, copying or disclosure by anyone without P&WC's express written permission is not authorized and may result in criminal or civil liability.

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Disclaimer
The information contained herein has been set out in summary form and is provided for general reference purposes only and may be changed without prior notice. It should not be construed as creating any obligation on the part of Pratt & Whitney Canada Corp. While every care has been taken to avoid errors, Pratt & Whitney Canada Corp. makes no representations about the accuracy of these guidelines and accepts no responsibility for any error herein. In no event shall P&WC be liable for any damages whatsoever resulting from the misuse, misinterpretation, analysis, interpretation or application of any of the guidelines contained herein. The information contained herein does not replace or supersede the information contained in the appropriate airframe or engine maintenance manuals or other official publications. Always refer to the Pilots Operating Handbooks (POH), Aircraft Flight Manuals (AFM), Engine Maintenance Manuals (EMM), Service Bulletins (SB) or other Service Information documentation for a complete text of the approved / recommended procedures and latest information.

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UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION

Commercial Engines P&W Aftermarket Services Military Engines Space Propulsion P&W Power Systems

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P&WC PRODUCT MANDATE


>68,000 engines produced
Turboprops
600 6,500 shp

Turboshafts
600 2,200 shp

Turbofans
900 20,000 lbf
PW600

PT6A

PW200 JT15D

PW100

PT6T/B PW500

PW150

PT6C PW300

Auxiliary Power Units


PW900 PW800

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GLOBAL CUSTOMER BASE


Over 35 major aircraft OEMs
Bell Helicopter Textron Bombardier Aerospace Viking Air Air Tractor Boeing Cessna Eclipse Epic Gulfstream Hawker Beechcraft Learjet MD Helicopters Piper Aircraft Quest Aircraft Thrust Aicraft Sikorsky Ilyushin Kazan MIL Tashkent Harbin Chenghe Xian

Agusta Dassault Pilatus EADS Airbus ATR CASA PZL-Okecie Eurocopter Daher-Socata Piaggio Sikorsky PLZ-Mielec

NAL

Embraer Pacific Aero

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GLOBAL ACTIVITY
Operators Aircraft in Service Operating Hours Engines in Service Countries Airlines 10,000+ 25,000+ 500 million+ 45,000+ 195+ Close to 700

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PT6 Engine Development PT6A Highlights (as of Q4 2010)


Total Produced

37,832
Flying Population

22,582
Number of Models

68
Total hours flown

310,858,300
High Time Engine

49,050 (PT6A-27)
Highest TBO

12,700 (PT6A-67D)
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PT6A ENGINE RELIABILITY


Basic IFSD Rates Summarized
Industry Benchmark P&WC Threshold Current Rates
PT6A Small 0.003 0.005 (Target is 0.000) PT6A Medium 0.001 PT6A Large 0.002

0.010 (10 events per 1,000,000 hrs) For Mature Fleet (1,000,000 hrs)

All events are reviewed on an ongoing basis Presidential level review when IFSD rate reaches .005
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PT6A ENGINE RELIABILITY


BUR Rates Summarized
Industry Benchmark P&WC Threshold Current Rates
PT6A Small 0.012 0.100 (Target is 0.050) PT6A Medium 0.026 PT6A Large 0.021

0.100 (100 events per 1,000,000 hrs) For Mature Fleet (1,000,000 hrs)

All events are reviewed on an ongoing basis Executive level review when BUR rate exceeds 0.10
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Customer Service Organization

CUSTOMER SERVICE ORGANIZATION


Customer Focus
Customer First Centre Front-Line Support
Program Management

Commercial Services

R&O Excellence Asset Management


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FRONT LINE SUPPORT


Field Service Representatives (FSR)
Claudio Ponce
55 (21) 8141-2021 claudio.ponce@pwc.ca

Front-Line Support

Marcelo Feitosa
55 (11) 8141-2626 marcelo.feitosa@pwc.ca

Jose Roberto Vieira


55 (15) 8111-5034 jose.veira@pwc.ca

Flavio Gomes
55 (11) 8141-2726 Flavio.gomes@pwc.ca

Valdemar Porto

EMBRAER

6 Regional Managers 95 Field Representatives


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CUSTOMER FIRST CENTER

Customer First Centre

FRONT LINE SPECIALISTS Supporting Groups

TECHNICAL SPECIALISTS

LOGISTICS SPECIALISTS

Commercial Specialist Component Solutions, New Parts Sales, Engine Rentals, Service Centre, MRT
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CUSTOMER FIRST CENTRE

Customer First Centre

CFirst@pwc.ca Canada and USA 1-800-268-8000 International +8000-268-8000

Some specialists speak Spanish / Portuguese


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P&WC SERVICE NETWORK - WORLD


Service Centres + *DOF Network

R&O Excellence Asset Management

Standard Aero

Standard Aero B.V. Lufthansa H+S Aviation

Volvo Aero Corporation Finnair

Vector Aerospace Montreal Revima ATI West Virginia ITP Standard Aero (Alliance) Dallas Airmotive

Berlin

Piaggio Avio S.p.A


(Brindisi)

Avio S.p.A
(Naples)

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Singapore

P&WC Major Overhaul Facility Heavy Maintenance Designated Overhaul Facility

SECA Brisbane Sorocaba Lanseria

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WORLDWIDE PARTS SUPPORT


Pratt & Whitney - Component Solutions
R&O Excellence Asset Management

Montreal
Muskegon

Amsterdam

PWC Headquarters PWCS Headquarters (Muskegon) PWCS Open PWCS Developing


Singapore Brazil Brisbane

Improved Parts Support Worldwide


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Commercial Services

Sales Representatives

Roberto Habib
55 (24) 9911-8066 roberto.habib@pwc.ca

Pascoal Silva
55 (15) 8111-0326 pascoal.silva @pwc.ca

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GLOBAL CUSTOMER BASE


P&WC do Brasil, Sorocaba
Capabilities: Heavy maintenance - PT6A, JT15D, PW200, PW500 MRT - all models PT6 Hot section kit (C-67C approval in process for 4th qrt 2006) Fuel Nozzle Cleaning - JT15D/PT6A Exchange Fuel Nozzles - all models per SIL PDC Spare parts ordering >$1mill.US inventory AOG 24/7 availability - (parts & MRT & spare engine) Warranty support

R. Duilio Bonani, 100 Sorocaba, SP 18065-460 Brasil Tel: 55-15-2102-1000 Fax: 55-15-2102-2000 Manager: Celio Bruder

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Pratt & Whitney Canada do Brasil

Sorocaba

VISO GERAL DOS SERVIOS

Servios em nossa oficina.

Servio em motores instalados ANVs. MRT Support

Cotaes Peas & Servios

AD/SB/CSP INCORPORAO Troubleshooting BRAZIL- P&WC PROPRIETARY BRAZILINFORMATION P&WC Proprietary Information

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CERTIFICAES

ANAC F.A.A DCAG - CHILE (Em andamento) DCAG COLOMBIA (Em andamento)

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Area de Atuao

BRAZIL, ARGENTINA, URUGUAY, CHILE VENEZUELA, COLOMBIA, EGUADOR, GUATEMALA, PORTO-RICO & PERU. PORTO-

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VISO GERAL DE CLIENTES

Departmento de Defesa (Aeronutica;Exercito e Marinha) OEM Representa de Fabricantes de Aeronaves Aviao Agricola Taxi - Areos Linhas Areas Todos os Operadores dos motores P&WC PWES Service Centers (Servios for a do Pas). P&WC Leasco (Aluguel de Motores).

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VISO GERAL DOS SERVIOS


Execuo de Manutenes leves; Execuo de Limpeza, Reparo e Teste em Bicos injetores; Execuo de H.S.I Execuo de Light Overhaul Impacto de Hlice Impacto de Descarga Eltrica Contaminao do Sistema de Lubrificao F.O.D (Danos causados por objeto estranho). Recuperao de performance. Inspees de Pr Compra. Substituio de engrenagem do starter (AGB) Venda de Peas Aluguel de Motores B2B Exportao/Importao de motores s nossas oficinas Canada e USA
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RECONHECIMENTO PBLICO

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HANGAR EM SOROCABA - S.P

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SALA DE DESMONTAGEM

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SALA DE USINAGEM

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SALA DE MONTAGEM FINAL

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QUADRO DE FERRAMENTAL ESPECIAL

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SALA DE BALANCEAMENTO

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PT6-A LIGHT OVERHAUL F.O.D PT6-

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SALA DE TREINAMENTO

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APOIO AERONAVES DIVERSAS

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Customer Training Warranty Polices Publications

CUSTOMER TRAINING

New collaborative agreement with FlightSafety International


Please visit the FlightSafety International website for course availability and to enroll. There is a link on the P&WC website:

www.pwc.ca

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CUSTOMER TRAINING
www.pwccustomertraining.ca

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CUSTOMER TRAINING
http://www.flightsafety.com/fs_prattwhitneycanada.php

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CUSTOMER TRAINING

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WARRANTY POLICIES
BASIC Period
(1,000 hours) 100% Warranty Coverage

Extended Engine Service Policy (EESP) Class Life Primary Parts Service Policy (PPSP)
ENGINE HOUR

1000 hours

TBO

Material / workmanship defects Removal, installation and transportation From the first operator acceptance / first run See detailed explanation on the applicable Engine Warranty Policy document.
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PUBLICATIONS

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SERVICE BULLETINS Compliance Codes

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PT6A-AG ENGINE FAMILIARIZATION

ENGINE OVERVIEW

FRONT

REAR

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ENGINE OVERVIEW

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ENGINE OVERVIEW

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ENGINE OVERVIEW

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ENGINE OVERVIEW

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ENGINE OVERVIEW

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ENGINE OVERVIEW

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ENGINE OVERVIEW

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ENGINE OVERVIEW

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ENGINE OVERVIEW

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ENGINE OVERVIEW

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ENGINE OVERVIEW

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ENGINE OVERVIEW

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COMPRESSOR ROTOR & BLEED VALVE

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COMPRESSOR ROTOR

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COMPRESSOR ROTOR

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BLEED VALVE

ENGINE OVERVIEW

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COMPRESSOR ROTOR & BLEED VALVE

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COMBUSTION CHAMBER

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COMPRESSOR TURBINE

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Shroud Segment

TIP CLEARANCE

Compresssor Turbine Blade

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POWER TURBINE

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REDUCTION GEARBOX

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ACCESSORY GEARBOX

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OIL SYSTEM
OIL TANK

OIL PUMP ASSY

OIL FILTER ACCESS

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OIL SYSTEM

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FUEL SYSTEM

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FUEL SYSTEM

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ENGINE INDICATION

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Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A Engine Technical Updates

PT6A ENGINE TECHNICAL UPDATES


PT6A Electrical Discharge Damage (EDD)
Issue: If the STARTER / GENERATOR (S/G) is replaced to rectify starting / electrical generation issue, it is suspected that a electrical discharge may have occurred though the S/G drive shaft.
Electrical Arcing

Starter Generator Gear

AGB input Driveshaft

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PT6A ENGINE TECHNICAL UPDATES


PT6A Electrical Discharge Damage (EDD)

No. 1 Bearing

No. 1 Bearing Ball

No. 1 Bearing Thrust Race

CT Blade Rub
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PT6A ENGINE TECHNICAL UPDATES


PT6A Electrical Discharge Damage (EDD)
Recommended Maintenance Actions Ref. SIL PT6A-024 Electrical Discharge Damage (#1 Bearing) Maintenance Manuals reflect preventive maintenance for S/Gs removed Engine Maintenance Manual (CH 72-00-00) Oil Filter Patch check (CH 79-20-02) Review results within next 25 flight hours of S/G removal Repeat Oil Filter Patch check every 100 hours for the next 700 flight hours of S/G removal If bearing material is found within the patch check, remove engine/gas generator module.

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PT6A ENGINE TECHNICAL UPDATES


Hamilton Sundstrand Fuel Pump
Single Engine Applications
SB 1645, Category 3, Issued Dec 2005 Visual Inspection of Fuel Pump within the next 150 Flight hours. Inspect for reddish brown residue (iron oxide deposit) at fuel pump coupling. Potential for fuel starvation All PT6As affected except 50, 67B & 68.

Single & Twin applications


In-situ check every 600 hours Visual Inspection at HSI Upcoming changes Fuel Pump TBO = Engine Basic TBO Fuel pump coupling replaced at every overhaul
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PT6A ENGINE TECHNICAL UPDATES


Hamilton Sundstrand Fuel Pump

Fuel pump drive inspection IN-SITU Cotton Swab Check of Drain: Ref. EMM 73-10-02
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PT6A ENGINE TECHNICAL UPDATES


Hamilton Sundstrand Fuel Pump

Fuel pump drive inspection - VISUAL Acceptable Condition Grey or Black discoloration on pump face is NORMAL.
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PT6A ENGINE TECHNICAL UPDATES


Hamilton Sundstrand Fuel Pump

Fuel pump drive inspection - VISUAL Worn Condition Reddish discoloration on pump face is reason for REJECTION. This worn fuel pump coupling caused an In-Flight-Shutdown
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Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A Engine Maintenance

PT6A ENGINE MAINTENANCE


Key Maintenance Actions
Oil Level Check Oil Filter Inspections Chip Detector Inspection & Airframe Chip Light System (where fitted) Fuel Nozzle Inspections & Functional Testing Borescope Inspections Engine Washing Ground Performance Check
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PT6A ENGINE MAINTENANCE


Periodic Inspection Interval Tolerance
Ref. Engine Maintenance Manual Chapter 71-00-00, Periodic Inspection Table 10% Tolerance added for periodic inspection task intervals

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PT6A ENGINE MAINTENANCE


Oil Level Check
Be Consistent! 15 20 min after engine shutdown is recommended If more than 30 min has passed and dipstick or sightglass indicates low, start engine and run at ground idle for 5 minutes, then recheck oil level

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PT6A ENGINE MAINTENANCE


Oil Filter Inspections / Replacement
Oil Filter Inspection Inspect initially at 100 hrs with extension to relevant airframe zone inspection based on experience, not to exceed 200 hrs. Oil Filter Replacement To be accomplished every 1000 hrs

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PT6A ENGINE MAINTENANCE


Chip Detector Inspection
Check for magnetic debris and perform continuity check every 100 hrs with extension to relevant airframe zone inspection based on experience, not to exceed 200 hrs. For airframe indication systems, the circuitry must be checked every 100 hrs with extension to 400 hrs maximum based on inspection results

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PT6A ENGINE MAINTENANCE


Fuel Nozzle Maintenance
Why perform fuel nozzle maintenance? Ensure proper spray pattern Prevent drooling, spitting and streaking

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PT6A ENGINE MAINTENANCE


Fuel Nozzle Maintenance
Consequences of poor fuel nozzle maintenance: Cost You Money Local overheating/burning Improper flame propagation Combustion liner distress Small exit duct burning CT Vane burning CT Blade breakage
Compressor Turbine Vane Airfoil damage

Can also affect your warranty claims


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PT6A ENGINE MAINTENANCE


Fuel Nozzle Maintenance
Maintenance Manual Recommendation 200 hours for new operators and can be escalated to 400 hrs based on operators experience Note: Do not double the interval, increase in steps based on experience

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PT6A ENGINE MAINTENANCE


Borescope Inspection
Purpose
Allow for inspection of critical hot section components such as the CT vane, CT blades and combustion chamber. Also useful for inspections of the 1st stage compressor rotor and 2nd stage power turbine blades.

Interval
To be accomplished in conjunction with the scheduled fuel nozzle cleaning / testing.

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PT6A ENGINE MAINTENANCE


Engine Washing
Corrosion & Sulphidation attack major engine components

Turbine Blade Sulphidation

Inlet Case Corrosion

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PT6A ENGINE MAINTENANCE


Engine Washing
3 Types of Engine Washing Compressor Desalination Wash Turbine Desalination Wash Performance Recovery Wash

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PT6A ENGINE MAINTENANCE


Engine Washing
Maintenance Manual recommendations Compressor and CT desalination wash schedule is based on environment and experience Operators flying in salt laden/polluted environment should perform daily wash After last flight of the day Minimum water quality: drinkable water Engine preservation also to be adapted to environment When engine is exposed to severe environment, more stringent preservation schedule is to be followed as defined in EMM

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PT6A ENGINE MAINTENANCE


Engine Washing
Best Results are obtained when: Compressor wash is performed after last flight of day to prevent salt deposits from doing damage overnight Compressor Turbine wash is performed following the Compressor wash since salt and other contaminants are washed from compressor into the hot section

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PT6A ENGINE MAINTENANCE


Ground Performance Check

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PT6A ENGINE MAINTENANCE


Ground Performance Check

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Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A Engine Power Management

PT6A Engine Power Management

Rating Philosophy Power Settings Performance Margin

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PT6A Engine Power Management


Aircraft Mission

TO CL CR SHP DES RV

TIME
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PT6A Engine Power Management


Rating Philosophy
Engine provides rated power throughout its TBO provided:
Operation is in accordance with the POH Engine is maintained in accordance with the engine maintenance manual

Torque is the primary power setting parameter

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PT6A Engine Power Management


Engine Deterioration
Operating to ITT Limit

ITT Limit

ITT

Operating to POH recommendations

0%

Engine TBO

100%

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THANK YOU !
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