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Operations Manual

Edition 2.1

Manufactured By:

MREL SPECIALTY EXPLOSIVE PRODUCTS LIMITED

THIS PAGE IS INTENTIONALLY BLANK.

Operations Manual - Edition 1.1

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MREL Specialty Explosive Products Limited (MREL) warrants that the product is free from Manufacturers defects for a period of two (2) years from the date of shipment to the Customer. This Warranty covers all parts and labour. MREL does not warrant that the product will meet the Customer's requirements, or that it will operate in the combinations which may be selected by the Customer. MREL does not and cannot warrant the performance or results that may be obtained by using the product. Accordingly, the product and its documentation are sold "as is" without warranty as to their performance, merchantability or fitness for any particular purpose. The Customer assumes the entire risk as to the results and performance of the product. The MREL logo is a registered trademark of Mining Resource Engineering Limited. The HandiTrapII logo is a registered trademark of MREL Specialty Explosive Products Limited. Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation. Palm is a trademark and PalmOS is a registered trademark of Palm, Inc. Handspring and Visor are trademarks of Handspring, Inc. All other brand and product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies. Copyright 2006, MREL Specialty Explosive Products Limited. This Operations Manual and accompanying HandiTrapII Advanced Analytical Software supersedes any earlier editions. All Rights Reserved. Reproduction or adaptation of any part of this documentation or Software without written permission of the Copyright owner is unlawful.

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ABOUT THIS MANUAL


Congratulations on your acquisition of the HandiTrapII VOD Recorder, manufactured by MREL Specialty Explosive Products Limited (MREL). The instructions in this Operations Manual serve as a reference for the operation of the HandiTrapII for recording the continuous velocity of detonation (VOD) of explosives and deck delay times. The Operations Manual is divided into the following Chapters:

This Chapter assists those new to the operation of the HandiTrapII to ensure that: 1. All of the HandiTrapII hardware has been received. 2. The HandiTrapII Advanced Analytical Software for Windows is installed and that communications is confirmed between the Operators computer and the HandiTrapII. 3. The HandiTrapII Advanced Analytical Software for the Palm Operating System (PalmOS) is installed and that communications is confirmed between the Operators computer and the Palm device.

CHAPTER 1: GETTING STARTED

This Chapter addresses the general features of the HandiTrapII. It outlines some safety considerations related to the use of instrumentation in a blasting environment; and describes the main field applications of the HandiTrapII for recording the VODs of explosive samples and explosives in a blasthole.

CHAPTER 2: INTRODUCTION

This Chapter covers issues related to the various hardware components of the HandiTrapII. It briefly describes the main features of the HandiTrapIIs front panel; provides details on the HandiTrapII power source; and outlines instructions for recharging and long term storage of the HandiTrapII. Also included is a description of the VOD PROBEROD resistance probe available from MREL for testing samples of explosives and a description of the VOD PROBECABLE-HT resistance wire available from MREL for testing explosives in a blasthole. A summary of the technical specifications of the HandiTrapII is also presented.

CHAPTER 3: HANDITRAPII HARDWARE

CHAPTER 4: RECORDING VODS AND DECK DELAY TIMES


This Chapter describes issues related to VOD testing of explosives, and introduces the resistance wire technique for testing small explosive samples and explosives in a blasthole. Also presented are safety considerations, lay out and protection of the VOD resistance probes, and the setup procedure for the HandiTrapII in the field.

This Chapter presents the method for retrieving data from the HandiTrapII to a computer and selecting a data file for analysis. All the features and menu functions of the Windows Software required for analysis and presentation are described.

CHAPTER 5: HANDITRAPII SOFTWARE FOR WINDOWS

CHAPTER 6: EXAMPLES OF WINDOWS DATA ANALYSIS


This Chapter provides a detailed analysis of VOD information, starting with the selection of the data and followed by its analysis and formatting for presentation. Several examples are discussed.

This Chapter also presents the method for retrieving data from the HandiTrapII to a Palm device and selecting a data file for analysis. All the features and menu functions of the PalmOS Software required for analysis and presentation are described.

CHAPTER 7: ANALYSIS ON PALM DEVICES

CHAPTER 8: CONTACTING MREL FOR TECHNICAL SUPPORT


This Chapter provides detailed contact information for MRELs Blasting Instrumentation Team. It also provides instructions for emailing HandiTrapII files to MREL for complimentary analysis support.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1: GETTING STARTED Ensuring that all HandiTrapII Hardware has been Received 1.1 Installing the HandiTrapII Advanced Analytical Software 1.2 1.2.1 Computer System Requirements 1.2.2 PalmOS Device Requirements 1.2.3 Installing the Software on Computers Running Windows 1.2.4 Installing the Software on a PalmOS Device 1.2.5 Installing the USB Cable 1.3 Communicating with the HandiTrapII 1.3.1 Using the USB Cable 1.3.2 Computer Serial Port (Com) Configurations 1.3.3 Testing Communications between the Computer and the HandiTrapII 1.3.4 Testing Communications between the Palm Device and the HandiTrapII 1.4 Troubleshooting HandiTrapII Communications Errors CHAPTER 2: INTRODUCTION 2.1 Background Safety Considerations 2.2 Applications of the HandiTrapII 2.3 CHAPTER 3: HANDITRAPII HARDWARE 3.1 Hardware Components 3.1.1 HandiTrapII 3.1.2 Battery Charger 3.1.3 Communications Cable 3.1.4 BNC Adapter 3.1.5 External Trigger Adapter 3.1.6 USB Cable 3.2 HandiTrapII Internal Rechargeable Battery Recharging the HandiTrapII 3.3 3.4 Long Term Storage Considerations VOD Resistance Probes Used by the HandiTrapII 3.5 3.5.1 VOD PROBEROD 3.5.2 VOD PROBECABLE-HT 3.6 RG-58/U Coaxial Cable and Portable Cable Reel HandiTrapII Technical Specifications 3.7 CHAPTER 4: RECORDING VODS AND DECK DELAY TIMES Safety Considerations for Selecting an Explosive Testing Site 4.1 The Resistance Wire Technique for Measuring VOD 4.2 Installing the PROBEROD for Testing a Sample of Explosives 4.3 4.4 Installing PROBECABLE-HT for Testing Explosives in a Blasthole Coaxial Cable Protection 4.5 HandiTrapII Setup Procedure for VOD Measurement 4.6 4.7 PROBEROD or PROBECABLE-HT Circuit Resistance Out of Range Utilizing the External Trigger 4.8 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5

2.1 2.1 2.2

3.1 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.6

4.1 4.1 4.2 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.7

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CHAPTER 5: HANDITRAPII SOFTWARE FOR WINDOWS 5.1 Retrieving Data from the HandiTrapII Selecting Data Files for Analysis 5.2 Introduction to Analysis 5.3 5.4 Desktop Tools Bar 5.5 Current Point Tools Bar 5.6 5.7 Menu Bar CHAPTER 6: EXAMPLES OF WINDOWS DATA ANALYSIS 6.1 Sample of Explosives Detonating Cord Example Sample of Explosives Noisy Example 6.2 6.3 Sample of Explosives Other Examples Explosives in a Blasthole 6.4 CHAPTER 7: ANALYSIS ON PALM DEVICES Retrieving Data from the HandiTrapII 7.1 Analysis 7.2 7.3 Transferring Palm Data Files to a Computer CHAPTER 8: CONTACTING MREL FOR TECHNICAL SUPPORT 8.1 Contacting MREL Emailing HandiTrapII Files to MREL 8.2

5.1 5.2 5.4 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7

6.1 6.7 6.9 6.11

7.1 7.2 7.4

8.1 8.1

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CHAPTER 1: GETTING STARTED


All of the steps detailed in this Chapter should be completed before the Operator goes into the field to conduct a VOD test: 1. Ensure that all HandiTrapII components have been received and are available. 2. Install the HandiTrapII Software on the Operators computer. 3. Install the HandiTrapII PalmOS Software on the Operators Palm device (optional). 4. Ensure that the Operators computer and HandiTrapII are able to communicate with each other. 5. Ensure that the Operators Palm device and HandiTrapII are able to communicate with each other (optional).

1.1 ENSURING THAT ALL HANDITRAPII HARDWARE HAS BEEN RECEIVED


Details of these hardware components are contained in Section 3.1. 1. HandiTrapII VOD Recorder. 2. HandiTrapII Battery Charger that is labeled 120 VAC or 230 VAC depending on your Countrys mains power. 3. Communications Cable - serial port cable. 4. Communications Cable USB cable. 5. BNC Adapter. 6. External Trigger Adapter. 7. HandiTrapII Advanced Analytical Software on CD-ROM. 8. HandiTrapII Operations Manual. 9. VOD resistance probes: PROBERODs or PROBECABLE-HT. 10. (Optional) Coaxial Cable on cable reel.

1.2 INSTALLING THE HANDITRAPII ADVANCED ANALYTICAL SOFTWARE


1.2.1 COMPUTER SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS The HandiTrapII Advanced Analytical Software, for Windows 95 and later has been provided on a CD-ROM. The CD-ROM also contains a medium-resolution digital copy of this Operations Manual in Adobe Acrobat pdf format (HandiTrapII Operations Manual.pdf). Additional copies of the Operations Manual may be printed for your use as required. The Software operates on any Personal Computer (PC) system with the following minimum specifications: 1. Windows 95 or later operating system. The computer hardware required to install Windows is sufficient to run the HandiTrapII Software smoothly. 2. 25 Mb hard drive space for Software and digital Operations Manual installation. Each data file will take up an additional 300kb of space. It is recommended that 25 Mb of hard drive space be available on the computer for data and temporary files. 3. CD-ROM drive. If the computer does not have a CD-ROM drive, a set of floppy disks can be made with another computer that has a CD-ROM drive. The installation program on your CD is arranged in files of the correct size so that they can be copied to floppy disks. If the computer has Internet access, contact MREL (Section 8.1) for instructions on downloading the installation Software from MRELs Internet web site. 4. Serial port (ie: COM1, COM2, etc) or USB port. Recently, legacy-free notebook computers have been produced which have no Serial port. These require the HandiTrapII USB Cable. Some computers have no free Serial ports because they are all in use externally (mouse, UPS) or internally (modem). USB has been standard on new computers since 1998, so all computers will have either a USB or Serial port.

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1.2.2 PALM OS DEVICE REQUIREMENTS 1. PalmOS 3.1 or higher. 2. A cradle or travel connector that has a serial connector. Some PalmOS devices (e.g. Handspring) are supplied only with a USB cradle and require a separate serial cradle. The serial cradle provided by these manufacturers will only work with the RS232 port on a computer. A third party cable made by Delorme (www.delorme.com) to connect its RS232 port GPS devices to Handspring devices is required. 3. Optionally, an SD/MMC card reader for a computer. If data is downloaded to a PalmOS device, it can be stored on an SD or MMC card, which can then be read by the computer. 1.2.3 INSTALLING THE SOFTWARE ON COMPUTERS RUNNING WINDOWS To install the HandiTrapII Software, start Windows and insert the HandiTrapII CD into the CD-ROM drive. Read and print out the detailed instructions in the readme.txt file on the CD-ROM. Follow the instructions in the readme.txt file. When the installation is complete, shut down the computer and re-start it. 1.2.4 INSTALLING THE SOFTWARE ON A PALM OS DEVICE First, check to see if the software is already installed on the PalmOS device. If not, start the computer which has the Palm Desktop software installed. Insert the HandiTrapII CD into the CD-ROM drive. Run the program on the HandiTrapII CD called PalmSetup.exe and follow the screen instructions. When the installation is complete, attach the Palm device to its cradle and run HotSync. The HandiTrapII Icon will be shown on the Palm device.

1.2.5 INSTALLING THE HANDITRAPII USB CABLE Locate the HandiTrapII Cable Drivers CD and place it in the computers CD drive. Plug in the HandiTrapII USB Cable. Respond to the questions asked by Windows. When the computer offers the option to look for drivers check to see if the software is already installed on the PalmOS device. If not, start the computer which has the Palm Desktop

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1.3

COMMUNICATING WITH THE HANDITRAPII

1.3.1 USING THE USB CABLE To download data using the USB cable, choose the option HandiTrapII USB Cable, then click on the Download button. Communications Cable, the Software is used by the Operator to download the data from the HandiTrapII to the computer after testing is completed

1.3.2 COMPUTER SERIAL PORT (COM) CONFIGURATIONS Through the Communications Cable, the Software is used by the Operator to download the data from the HandiTrapII to the computer after testing is completed. Port information for the computer can be viewed by clicking on Control Panel - System Properties and clicking on "Ports" to view the current number of serial ports.

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1.3.3 TESTING COMMUNICATIONS BETWEEN THE COMPUTER AND THE HANDITRAPII


Test the HandiTrapII communications with your computer BEFORE first use in the field. Ensure that Chapter 1 has been successfully completed. The serial port on your computer can be "captured" by some programs which are already running in the background when you start your computer. These issues can almost always be solved by consulting the manual and/or contacting MREL BEFORE recording valuable data with the HandiTrapII.
In most cases, communication works at the first attempt or the problems can be solved with some consultation with MREL, but it is good practice to always ensure that a particular computer will work with the HandiTrapII before taking it into the field. Conduct the following test to confirm communications: 1. Turn on the HandiTrapII (with nothing connected to its BNC connector) by holding down both the START and TEST buttons for 1 second. 2. Connect the HandiTrapII to the computer device using the Communications Cable. 3. Start the HandiTrapII Software (Windows). 4. Press the "Retrieve Data" button in the main screen. The Operator will then be presented with the Retrieve Data screen. 5. If the USB cable is available, use that to test communications. 6. If not, choose Serial Port, then choose the port that is connected to the HandiTrapII. The port number can be determined by trying at least ports 1,2,3, and 4. When the Software is first used, it suggests "com1", but after the first successful download using the serial port, it will suggest the port that was most recently used, so the Operator will not have to set it or remember which port to use. If the Palm software is installed, right-click on the Palm in the bottom right-had corner icon to turn it off. 7. When testing a new computer for the first time, simply try the USB cable or available serial ports and press the Download button. If successful communication is established, the following message will be displayed. Go to Step 7.

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If successful communication is NOT established, the following message will be displayed.

Press OK and test the other Com ports, per Step 5. If all Com ports result in the above message, then ensure that the procedures in Sections 1.2 and 1.3.1 have been followed and refer to Section 1.4 for some suggestions on troubleshooting the HandiTrapII communications error. 8. If using the USB cable, there may be a message about the driver not being installed. If so, please see section 1.2.5 9. Exit the Software. 10. Power off the HandiTrapII by holding down both the START and TEST buttons for 1 second. 1.3.4 TESTING COMMUNICATIONS BETWEEN THE PALM DEVICE AND THE HANDITRAPII In most cases, communication works at the first attempt or the problems can be solved with some consultation with MREL, but it is good practice to always ensure that a particular Palm device will work with the HandiTrapII before taking it into the field. Conduct the following test to confirm communications: 1. Turn on the HandiTrapII (with nothing connected to its BNC connector) by holding down both the START and TEST buttons for 1 second. 2. Connect the HandiTrapII to the Palm device using the Communications Cable. 3. Start the HandiTrapII Software (PalmOS) and click on the TEST button.

If communication cannot be established, the following will appear:

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1.4 TROUBLESHOOTING HANDITRAPII COMMUNICATIONS ERRORS


If all computer Com ports have been tried without success, the following may help: 1. Often the most direct solution is to use HandiTrapII USB cable. This works for "legacy-free" laptops that have no serial ports and for other computers that have no available serial ports for an unknown reason. 2. There may be software that is "reserving" a Com port for its own use. Usually, programs that do this are shown in the bottom right of the Windows screen. The following shows icons for the Palm HotSync program and a Un-interruptible Power Supply (UPS) monitor program both of which use a serial (COM) port.

3. To free a reserved port, exit the program that is using it. For example, to exit the Palm HotSync software, right click over the Palm icon, then choose Exit. The HotSync software can be restarted again later without having to restart the computer.

4. Software for a UPS may install a program that uses a serial cable connected to the UPS to detect if power has gone off, and then save any open files. If this software is turned off, ensure that it is turned on again after downloading has finished. Often it will return after rebooting the computer. 5. Even though there may be 2 serial ports on a computer, if it has an internal modem, it may have reserved one of the Com ports for itself, so it may be necessary to try the other serial port. If a computer has an internal modem and is using a serial mouse, there may be no available serial ports. For the short term, unplugging the mouse and plugging the HandiTrapII Cable into that serial port may allow downloading. This will require using "Tab" to move from button to button and "space" to press a button. 6. If the computer will be used frequently to download HandiTrapII data, a serial port can be made available by changing to a PS/2 mouse or using a USB- Serial cable to add a serial port. A serial to PS/2 converter can be used to allow the mouse to be plugged into the PS/2 port, if one is available, which will allow its old port to be used by the HandiTrapII, or the Operator can use a USB mouse to free the serial port. 7. If you are using a PalmOS device, turn beam receive off. (This is not necessary for all PalmOS devices, but it helps some devices). 8. If you are using a PalmOS device that has been introduced very recently, it may handle serial port communications in a slightly different way than earlier devices. If you cannot download data, please check the MREL website (www.mrel.com) for the latest version of the Software or inform MREL about the particular PalmOS device. 9. If the above strategies do not work, please contact MREL, as detailed in Section 8.1, for additional technical support.

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CHAPTER 2: INTRODUCTION
2.1 BACKGROUND
The HandiTrapII VOD Recorder is the most affordable and easiest to use portable, high-resolution recorder available for testing either samples of explosives or explosives in a blasthole. The HandiTrapII is a portable, 1 channel, high resolution, explosives continuous VOD recorder. The HandiTrapII has proven its reliability under the extreme temperature, weather, dust and rugged conditions that characterize blasting environments around the world. The HandiTrapII Advanced Analytical Software allows the Operator to analyze VOD traces recorded by the HandiTrapII. The Software is used to retrieve, display, analyze, print and export VOD data. The Software runs under 32 bit Windows 95 and later. This facilitates extremely fast data handling, and the ability to copy and paste HandiTrapII graphs into any word processors and/or spreadsheets running under those Windows operating systems. Additionally, the HandiTrapII is provided with Software for the PalmOS so that the Operator can retrieve, display, and analyze VOD data on a Palm device without the need for a computer. This is a unique feature of the HandiTrapII.

2.2 SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS

Persons not trained and/or authorized to handle explosives should not attempt to utilize the HandiTrapII for monitoring explosive properties. The HandiTrapII is an easy and safe instrument to operate. However, one should be aware of the inherent risk associated with explosives handling and familiar with working in blasting environments. For this reason, it is always recommended that knowledgeable personnel, experienced in handling explosives and familiar with blasting procedures, operate the HandiTrapII when testing explosives. The standard rules of safety used with explosives should apply when monitoring VODs or other explosive parameters. When recording VODs, the HandiTrapII outputs a low voltage (less than 5 VDC) and an extremely low current (less than 50 mA) to the VOD PROBEROD or VOD PROBECABLE-HT within the explosives from the PROBEROD/PROBECABLE-HT connector on the HandiTrapII. This low excitation signal ensures that the HandiTrapII will not prematurely initiate explosives and/or detonators. Standard (and common sense) rules apply when it comes to the presence of electrical storms near the testing area. Due to the inherent hazards associated with blasting during these storms, in addition to the possibility of electrical interference causing false trigger signals to the HandiTrapII, it is recommended to immediately suspend all blasting activities and evacuate the area. This is standard policy at most blasting operations.

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2.3

APPLICATIONS OF THE HANDITRAPII

The main applications of the HandiTrapII include testing of explosive samples and explosives in a blasthole. The main applications of the HandiTrapII when testing explosive samples include: Test the performance of explosives against the quality control standards set by the manufacturers. Measure the continuous VOD in any charge diameter under confined or unconfined conditions. Determine the critical diameter and critical density of an explosive charge. Determine the gap sensitivity of explosives. Measure the timing accuracy of detonators. Measure the continuous VOD of primers/boosters. Determine the minimum booster size for any explosive by measuring run-up velocities.

The main applications of the HandiTrapII when testing explosives in a blasthole include: Measure the continuous VOD in any hole diameter, wet or dry holes, and in any type of rock. Determine whether full detonation, low order detonation or failure occurred, and where in the explosive column it happened. Check VODs against manufacturers' specifications in full scale blasting environments. Determine the minimum booster size for any explosive by measuring run-up velocities in full scale blasting environments. Measure the timing accuracy of detonators in a decked hole in full scale blasting environments. Measure the effects of water, drill cuttings, and rocks, etc. trapped within the explosive mass. Determine the length of explosive column to use in decking operations to evaluate the effect of stemming and drill cutting dilution, water pick-up, etc. on the explosive run-up requirements. Determine the correct length and type of stemming material to be used between decks of explosives to prevent sympathetic detonation or explosive desensitization from occurring. Using multiple HandiTrapIIs, determine the delay time between blastholes.

Contact MREL for information on other MREL VOD recorders that are able to test the VOD of explosives in multiple blastholes and determine the delay time between holes.

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CHAPTER 3: HANDITRAPII HARDWARE


3.1 HARDWARE COMPONENTS
The hardware components of the HandiTrapII System include the HandiTrapII, a Battery Charger, a Communications Cable, BNC Adapter and an External Trigger Adapter. Also included with the HandiTrapII System are the Operations Manual and the HandiTrapII Advanced Analytical Software. A brief description of each of the hardware components is in the following Sections. 3.1.1 HANDITRAPII The HandiTrapII contains electronic circuitry and an internal rechargeable battery within a protective plastic case measuring approximately 12 x 6.5 x 4 cm (4.75 x 2.5 x 1.5 in.) and weighing 0.3 kg (0.7 lbs.). The protective case prevents damage from water, sand, snow, dust and similar harsh weather conditions. As well, the case offers resistance to high temperatures, shocks and vibrations. The HandiTrapII has a convenient belt clip on the back. The front of the HandiTrapII is shown to the right. Complete instructions for the field operation of the HandiTrapII hardware are provided in Chapter 4. The main features on the front panel of the HandiTrapII are outlined below: The TEST and START buttons pressed simultaneously for one second are used to turn the HandiTrapII ON and OFF. When the HandiTrapII is ON, the START indicator light flashes indicating that the HandiTrapII is in Active mode. The LOW BAT. indicator light flashes when the HandiTrapIIs internal batteries need recharging. PROBEROD/PROBECABLE-HT: BNC connector for connecting RG-58/U Coaxial Cable between the VOD PROBEROD resistance probe or VOD PROBECABLE-HT resistance wire and the HandiTrapII. With a PROBEROD or PROBECABLE-HT connected to the HandiTrapII and the TEST button is pressed, a steady TEST indicator light indicates that the PROBEROD or PROBECABLE-HT electrical circuit is OK. With a PROBEROD or PROBECABLE-HT connected to the HandiTrapII and the TEST button is pressed, a slowly flashing TEST indicator light indicates that the resistance in the PROBEROD or PROBECABLE-HT electrical circuit is too low (such as a short circuit). With a PROBEROD or PROBECABLE-HT connected to the HandiTrapII and the TEST button is pressed, a rapidly flashing TEST indicator light indicates that the resistance in the PROBEROD or PROBECABLE-HT electrical circuit is too high (such as an open circuit). With a PROBEROD or PROBECABLE-HT connected to the HandiTrapII and the PROBEROD or PROBECABLE-HT electrical circuit testing OK, pressing the START button, turns the START indicator light on and puts the HandiTrapII in Monitoring mode waiting to record the blast. After the blast, the START indicator light is flashingindicating that there is VOD data ready to download to a computer or to a Palm device. The COM/CHARGE and EXT. TRIG. port is a multi-purpose port. It is used to connect the Communications Cable to the HandiTrapII. The other end of the Communications Cable is connected to either the computer or the Palm device for retrieval of the recorded data (Sections 5.1 and 7.1). The COM/CHARGE port is also used to

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connect the Battery Charger to the HandiTrapII. The EXT. TRIG. port is used to connect the External Trigger Adapter to a normally closed trigger wire. When the External Trigger Adapter is connected to the port, the HandiTrapII will only trigger when the trigger wire breaks. If using the external trigger option, it is important to connect the External Trigger Adapter to the HandiTrapII before pressing START or immediate triggering will occur when making the connection. 3.1.2 BATTERY CHARGER The Battery Charger has a specification printed on it, either 120 VAC or 230 VAC. It is used to charge the HandiTrapIIs internal rechargeable battery.

Contact MREL if the Battery Charger that has been supplied is incorrect for the mains voltage in your country.

3.1.3 COMMUNICATIONS CABLE The Communications Cable is provided to connect the HandiTrapII to a computer or to a Palm device for downloading of the recorded data. The Communications Cable is connected between the COM/CHARGE port on the front panel of the HandiTrapII and the COM serial port of the computer or the Palm device. The Communications Cable is a standard 9 pin serial null modem cable, so should it become misplaced, it can be replaced easily by the Operator from a local supplier.

3.1.4 BNC ADAPTER The BNC Adapter is provided to facilitate easy connection between the PROBEROD/PROBECABLE-HT connector on the HandiTrapII to the coaxial cable (preferably RG-58/U) leading to the VOD PROBEROD or VOD PROBECABLE-HT resistance probe.

3.1.5 EXTERNAL TRIGGER ADAPTER The External Trigger Adapter is provided to facilitate easy connection between the EXT. TRIG. connector on the HandiTrapII to an external normally closed trigger wire. When the External Trigger Adapter is connected to the port, the HandiTrapII will only trigger when the trigger wire breaks.

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3.1.6 HANDITRAPII USB CABLE This USB cable has been designed to download data from the HandiTrapII. The drivers can be found on the HandiTrapII Driver Disk and also on the HandiTrapII Installation disk.

3.2 HANDITRAPII INTERNAL RECHARGEABLE BATTERY


The HandiTrapII has an internal Ni-Cad rechargeable battery pack. The HandiTrapII is supplied with an approved 120 VAC or approved 230 VAC Battery Charger, depending on the country of use. When the internal battery is fully charged, the HandiTrapII can operate for 8 hours (at maximum HandiTrapII power consumption) before battery recharging is required. The HandiTrapII is shipped from MREL fully charged. Since some time may elapse before the HandiTrapII is actually put to use, the HandiTrapII may not be charged fully the first time it is used. Full operating time will be obtained when the HandiTrapII is recharged. Normal charging time for the batteries is 14 to 16 hours. Leaving the HandiTrapII connected to the charger for longer periods than this can reduce the charge lifetime of the batteries (the number of full charges it can take). It is helpful to completely discharge and recharge the batteries every 1-3 months. When doing this, recharge the batteries immediately after they have been discharged. Do not operate the HandiTrapII while the charger is connected.

3.3 RECHARGING THE HANDITRAPII

Contact MREL if the Battery Charger that has been supplied is incorrect for the mains voltage in your country. The procedure to recharge the HandiTrapII is as follows: Ensure that the Battery Charger is labeled appropriately for the AC voltage mains power available. 1. With the HandiTrapII switched OFF, connect the Battery Charger between the COM/CHARGE port on the HandiTrapII and the wall outlet. 2. Full recharging is obtained after 14 to 16 hours of charging. 3. Unplug the Battery Charger from the wall outlet and then from the HandiTrapII.

The HandiTrapII internal battery can not be overcharged. According to the battery Manufacturers specifications, full battery pack recharging will take 14 to 16 hours. Charging for extended periods of time can lower the lifetime of batteries, but not damage the HandiTrapII in any way

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3.4 LONG TERM STORAGE CONSIDERATIONS


No special procedures, other than those pertaining to the internal batteries, should be taken for long term storage of the HandiTrapII. In the eventuality that the HandiTrapII remains idle for long periods, it is recommended to recharge the HandiTrapII once per month per the procedure in Section 3.3. This will maintain the conditioning of the internal batteries. If the batteries lose their ability to hold a charge, discharge them completely, then recharge them for 14-16 hours

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3.5 VOD RESISTANCE PROBES USED BY THE HANDITRAPII


The following types of VOD resistance probes are available from MREL and are uniquely suitable for use with the HandiTrapII: 3.5.1 VOD PROBEROD The VOD PROBEROD, shown below, is a rigid probe consisting of a high resistance insulated wire placed within a small diameter, metal tube, which acts as the return lead of the circuit. PROBERODs are specifically designed to measure VODs of explosive cartridges and/or of short sample tubes of explosives, under confined or unconfined conditions. They are available from MREL in a standard length of 3 ft. (0.9 m) and are supplied with leads ready to be connected to the RG-58 coaxial cable, which connects to the PROBEROD-PROBECABLE-HT connector on the HandiTrapII. Contact MREL for additional PROBEROD information and ordering details.

3.5.2 VOD PROBECABLE-HT A spool of VOD PROBECABLE-HT is shown. PROBECABLE-HT is a flexible resistance wire consisting of a high resistance wire as a solid centre conductor insulated from braided shielding which acts as the return lead of the circuit. PROBECABLE-HT is specifically designed to measure VODs of explosives loaded into a blasthole and to determine the delay time between explosives decks in a blasthole. PROBECABLE-HT is available from MREL in a standard length of 100 ft. (30 m) per spool and is supplied with one end prepared for lowering into the blasthole and the other end ready to be connected to the RG-58/U coaxial cable, which connects to the PROBERODPROBECABLE-HT connector on the HandiTrapII. Contact MREL for additional PROBECABLE-HT information and ordering details.

3.6 RG-58/U COAXIAL CABLE AND PORTABLE CABLE REEL


As an optional accessory, MREL offers a portable cable reel with 333 ft. (101 m) of RG-58/U coaxial cable to connect between the VOD PROBEROD or VOD PROBECABLE-HT and the PROBEROD/PROBECABLE-HT connector on the HandiTrapII. The coaxial cable has the correct BNC connector installed for connecting to the HandiTrapII.

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3.7 HANDITRAPII TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS


Number of Channels Vertical Resolution Recording Rate Total Recording Time Pre-Trigger Time Trigger Modes 1 channel for VOD. 12 bits, 1 part in 4,096. 1 MHz. 131 milliseconds (131,072 data points). 32.8 milliseconds (32,768 data points). Can be triggered internally, automatically on the VOD signal from the blast. Can be triggered externally from a break-wire, which also allows multiple HandiTrapIIs to be time-synchronized for determining delay times between holes. Internal rechargeable NiCad battery pack, which provides 8 hours of active operation on a full charge. Full battery recharging is obtained overnight. HandiTrapII, 120 or 230 VAC Battery Charger, serial port Communications Cable, USB Cable, colour Operations Manual, HandiTrapII Advanced Analytical Software for Windows, HandiTrapII Software for the PalmTM Operating System. HandiTrapII: 12 x 6.5 x 4 cm (4.7 x 2.6 x 1.6 in.) 0.3 kg (0.7 lbs.). Operates at -40 to +80 C (-40 to +185 F). Snow, rain, dust and sand proof. Drop proof from at least a 1 m (3 ft) height. At any time after recording, the Operator can connect the HandiTrapII to a computers (COM) serial port or custom USB cable to download and view the VOD data on a computer within 50-75 seconds. For handheld convenience, the Operator can also connect the HandiTrapII to a handheld/PDA device such as a PalmTM handheld (with Universal connector) to download and view the VOD data on the handheld/PDA device within 75 seconds. (USB PalmOS devices require a conversion cable) The HandiTrapII Advanced Analytical Software for Windows operates under Windows 95 and later. It provides an easy-to-use and familiar graphical-userinterface that allows the Operator to easily download the data to the computer and analyze the data. VOD data are automatically displayed as a graph of distance versus time. All Software operations are point and click. The Software allows unlimited graphical zoom on graphs, creation of annotated sub-graphs and VOD analyses of any parts of the VOD graph and determination of delay times between decks of explosives. Annotating, printing, saving and export of graphs and data to other Windows software are all easily accomplished. The Operator can select Metric (m/s) or Imperial (ft./sec.) units. The HandiTrapII Software for the Palm OS operates on any handheld/PDA running the Palm OS Software. It provides an easy-to-use and familiar graphicaluser-interface that allows the Operator to easily download the data to the handheld/PDA, save the data and analyze the data. VOD data are automatically displayed as a graph of distance versus time. The Software allows unlimited graphical zoom on graphs and the determination of the VOD between any two data points on the graph. Operations are pen and menu. Export of data from the handheld/PDA to a computer running the HandiTrapII Software for Windows is easily accomplished. The Operator can select Metric (m/s) or Imperial (ft./sec.) units.

Power Components Provided

Size and Weight Environmental PC Connection and Handheld/PDA Connection

HandiTrapII Software for Windows

HandiTrapII PalmOS Software for Handhelds/PDAs

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VOD Excitation/Safety

VOD PROBERODs VOD PROBECABLE-HT

The HandiTrapIIs excitation voltage is pre-set for the maximum 12 bit resolution across the VOD PROBEROD or VOD PROBECABLE-HT in the explosives. All VOD operating parameters are automatically recorded by the HandiTrapII with no requirement for additional instruments. The HandiTrapII is physically unable to output as much as 50 mA of current to a VOD PROBEROD or VOD PROBECABLE-HT. The HandiTrapII does not rely on current limiting automatic fault checking systems which may potentially fail. 0.9 m (3 ft.) long rigid resistance probes for use in explosive samples with the HandiTrapII. 30 m (100 ft.) long spool of ready-to-use resistance wire for use with the HandiTrapII to determine the VOD of explosives loaded into a blasthole and the delay time between decks of explosives in a blasthole.

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CHAPTER 4: RECORDING VODS AND DECK DELAY TIMES


This Chapter provides the Operator with detailed instructions on: 1. Selecting a suitable site for testing samples of explosives. 2. Loading PROBERODs into explosives samples and PROBECABLE-HT into blastholes. 3. Connecting the probes to the HandiTrapII to record the VODs and deck delay times.

Test the HandiTrapII communications with your computer BEFORE first use in the field. Ensure that Chapter 1 has been successfully completed. The serial port on your computer can be "captured" by some programs which are already running in the background when you start your computer. These issues can almost always be solved by consulting the manual and/or contacting MREL BEFORE recording valuable data with the HandiTrapII.

4.1 SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS FOR SELECTING AN EXPLOSIVE TESTING SITE

Contact MREL for site specific recommendations for testing samples of explosives. Care must be taken to select a good site for detonation and VOD recording of explosive samples. If convenient, permanent test sites may be constructed. A pit surrounded by an earth wall suffices as a simple detonation site. A similarly protected shelter for the HandiTrapII and personnel can be constructed some distance away. The distance will depend on the amount of explosive being detonated at one time, and if the explosives are confined (hazard from steel fragments). Ensure that the area is well demarcated and that access is restricted. If samples of explosives are to be detonated at an unprepared site, then the Operator must be careful when deciding upon what type of ground the charges are to be placed. Avoid placement on ground with stones, rubble or anything that is likely to turn into a projectile. The best surfaces are fines, sand or tailings. It is always good practice to have maximum control over the time of firing of the test, therefore safety fuse initiation is not recommended. Electric or shock tube initiation is best with the detonator either initiating the sample of explosives or initiating the primer/booster in the explosive sample.

4.2 THE RESISTANCE WIRE TECHNIQUE FOR MEASURING VOD


The HandiTrapII is capable of monitoring the continuous VOD profile along the entire length of an explosives column. The HandiTrapII can measure the VOD of relatively short explosive samples such as cast boosters or explosive cartridges. The HandiTrapII can also measure the VOD of explosives loaded in a blasthole in surface or underground blasts. The HandiTrapII provides a regulated constant excitation signal to the PROBEROD or PROBECABLE-HT and monitors the drop in voltage across it as the PROBEROD or PROBECABLE-HT is consumed in the detonation. The HandiTrapII uses the proven continuous resistance wire technique for monitoring VODs. An MRELmanufactured PROBEROD or PROBECABLE-HT of known linear resistance (i.e. ohm/m or ohm/ft) is placed axially in the explosive sample or explosive column. As the detonation front of the explosive consumes the

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PROBEROD or PROBECABLE-HT, the resistance of the circuit will decrease in proportion to the reduction in length of the PROBEROD or PROBECABLE-HT. The HandiTrapII records the resulting decrease in voltage across the PROBEROD or PROBECABLE-HT versus time. The HandiTrapIIs Advanced Analytical Software automatically converts the recorded data into a graph of distance versus time. The slope of this graph at any position is the VOD of the explosive at that particular position. The Software includes menu functions that will automatically calculate and display the VOD of an explosive at any selected location in the graph. Other functions allow the Operator to calculate and display the delay time between selected explosive decks within a blasthole.

4.3 INSTALLING THE PROBEROD FOR TESTING A SAMPLE OF EXPLOSIVES


The equipment and supplies that are required to conduct VOD tests on samples of explosives or on explosive cartridges are: 1. The HandiTrapII System. 2. PROBEROD - one (1) per explosive sample (available from MREL). 3. Coaxial cable (type RG-58/U is recommended and available from MREL) - sufficient length to run between the HandiTrapII location and the explosives. 4. Wire cutters and electrical tape. 5. Explosives, detonators and shot exploder.
Sample of Explosives

PROBEROD

Blast Initiation Circuit

Coaxial Cable

The procedure for preparing a VOD test is as follows: 1. Demarcate the charge detonation area. PROBEROD/PROBECABLE-HT 2. Place the HandiTrapII in a protective shelter (a short Connector piece of steel pipe is a good shelter) and/or a safe distance away from the detonation area. This distance may be closer than what is considered safe for the Operator. Once the setup is completed, the II HandiTrapII does not require an Operator to collect the HandiTrap data; it does so automatically without Operator assistance. 3. Run a length of coaxial cable from the HandiTrapII to the detonation area with enough excess length to compensate for cable shortening or cable damage from each test. Shorter lengths of coaxial cable may be connected together using the wire cutters and electrical tape. A male BNC connector should be attached to the end of the coaxial cable that is to be attached to the PROBEROD/PROBECABLE-HT input on the HandiTrapII. A convenient BNC Adapter has been supplied with the HandiTrapII for this purpose. The BNC Adapter can be connected to the coaxial cable using the wire cutters and electrical tape. The connection should be shielding to shielding and center conductor to center conductor. Ensure that the center conductor and the shielding connections do not touch each other.

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4. Insert a PROBEROD axially in the sample of explosives. Start at the opposite end from where the detonator will be placed as shown. If bulk explosives are being tested in paper tubes, plastic tubes or PROBEROD Explosive steel pipes which have been Blast sealed at both ends, make a small Initiation central hole to allow the Circuit Coaxial PROBEROD to be inserted. If a Cable measurement of run-up to detonation is required, ensure that PROBEROD/PROBECABLEthe PROBEROD is pushed well HT Connector into the explosives so that it reaches the position of the detonator or booster. If the HandiTrapII PROBEROD reaches the booster or protrudes past it, the effect of the booster will be recorded by the HandiTrapII. The same holds true for cartridges of explosives. To test the VOD of detonation cord, tape the detonation cord along the entire length of the PROBEROD. 5. Connect the PROBEROD to the coaxial cable using the wire cutters and electrical tape. The polarity of the connection is not important. 6. At the HandiTrapII end, connect the coaxial cable to the PROBEROD/PROBECABLE-HT connector located on the top of the HandiTrapII. 7. The PROBEROD installation aspects of the test are complete. The Operator can now place the detonator and connect it to the shot exploder as per standard procedures. The HandiTrapII is now ready to be prepared to record the test as detailed in Section 4.6.

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4.4 INSTALLING PROBECABLE-HT FOR TESTING EXPLOSIVES IN A BLASTHOLE


The equipment and supplies that are required to conduct VOD tests on explosives in a blasthole are: 1. The HandiTrapII System. 2. A spool of VOD PROBECABLE-HT (available from MREL). 3. Coaxial cable (type RG-58/U is recommended, and available from MREL) - sufficient length to run between the HandiTrapII location and the top of the blasthole. 4. Wire cutters and electrical tape. 5. Explosives, detonators and shot exploder.

Blasthole

Blast Initiation Circuit PROBECABLE-HT

Coaxial Cable

4.4.1 PREPARATION OF PROBECABLE-HT FOR SINGLE BLASTHOLE RECORDING 1. Using the wire cutters, remove any cable ties from the PROBEROD/PROBECABLE-HT spool of PROBECABLE-HT allowing the Connector PROBECABLE-HT to spool off freely. The PROBECABLE-HT is 100 ft. (30 m) long and shorted out at one end. 2. Using tape or wire, attach the short circuit end of the II PROBECABLE-HT to the primer/booster or to a rock HandiTrap and lower the PROBECABLE-HT into the hole as shown to right. Detonation cord downlines may damage the PROBECABLE-HT or cause side initiation of the bulk explosive. When initiating with detonation cord, attach the PROBECABLE-HT to a rock and lower it on the side of the hole opposite to the detonation cord downline. Stemming 3. Ensure that at least 20 ft. (6 m) Coaxial Cable length of PROBECABLE-HT will be in the explosive column when the hole is loaded with PROBECABLE-HT explosives. If the explosive column is shorter, then pull up the PROBEROD/PROBECABLE-HT PROBECABLE-HT and loop Connector sufficient length to make up to the Explosive 20 ft. (6 m) of PROBECABLE-HT and attach the excess to the Blast booster so that at least 20 ft. (6 Initiation Circuit m) length of PROBECABLE-HT HandiTrapII will be in the explosive column Booster when the hole is loaded with explosives. 4. If the blasthole is shorter than 100 ft. (30 m) long, then as long as there is 20 ft. (6 m) of PROBECABLE-HT in the explosive column, the excess PROBECABLE-HT can be run out the top of the blasthole and extended to the coaxial cable. 5. If the blasthole is longer than 100 ft. (30 m) then attach the PROBECABLE-HT to the coaxial cable as in Step 8, and the connection can be lowered into the blasthole. If the explosive column is longer than 100 ft. (30 m)

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6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

then only that portion of the column that contains the PROBECABLE-HT will be recorded by the HandiTrapII. MREL has other VOD recorders that can record much longer lengths of PROBECABLE. The hole can now be loaded with explosives and stemming per usual procedure. Hold the PROBECABLE-HT taut during the loading of the explosive to avoid slack in the hole. In the absence of the Operator, this may be accomplished by tying the PROBECABLE-HT taut around a hole marker stake, or around a rock at the top of the hole. After loading, the Operator may wish to check the Probe Resistance with a digital Blaster's Galvanometer to ensure that no PROBECABLE-HT damage has occurred. As the PROBECABLE-HT is well protected with PVC coating, no problems should be anticipated. The resistance of the PROBECABLE-HT should be approximately 326 ohms +/- 6 ohms. Connect the PROBECABLE-HT to the coaxial cable using the wire cutters and electrical tape. The connection should be shielding to shielding and center conductor to center conductor. Ensure that the center conductor and the shielding connections do not touch each other. Place the HandiTrapII in a protective shelter (a short piece of steel pipe is a good shelter) and/or a safe distance away from the blast area as dictated by flyrock. This distance may be closer than what is considered safe for the Operator. When set, the HandiTrapII does not require an Operator to collect the data; the HandiTrapII collects the data automatically without Operator assistance. Run the coaxial cable from the PROBECABLE-HT to the HandiTrapII. Shorter lengths of coaxial cable may be connected together using the wire cutters and electrical tape. Somewhere along the length of the coaxial cable, loop the coaxial cable around a large rock. When the blast is fired, and the ground moves, looping the coaxial cable around a large rock will stop the blast from pulling the coaxial cable and the HandiTrapII with the blast. Alternatively, leave sufficient slack in the coaxial cable to allow for ground movement. A male BNC connector should be attached to the end of the coaxial cable that is to be attached to the PROBEROD/PROBECABLE-HT input on the HandiTrapII. A convenient BNC Adapter has been supplied with the HandiTrapII for this purpose. The BNC Adapter can be connected to the coaxial cable using the wire cutters and electrical tape. The connection should be shielding to shielding and center conductor to center conductor. Ensure that the center conductor and the shielding connections do not touch each other. The PROBECABLE-HT installation aspects of the test are complete. The HandiTrapII is now ready to be prepared to record the test as detailed in Section 4.6.

4.5 COAXIAL CABLE PROTECTION


It is important to protect the PROBECABLE-HT and the coaxial cable from damage caused by personnel and machinery operating on the blast. It is also important to protect the PROBECABLE-HT from damage caused by detonation of other holes and/or surface accessories such as detonating cord, detonating relays, and shock tube bunch blocks. The cables may be protected in many ways. Experience has shown that it is best to lead the PROBECABLE-HT and coaxial cable under the detonating cord and leave a barrier of sand or drill cuttings between the cables and the detonating cord. A danger point is the collar area of the holes as the detonating cord or shock tube bunch blocks that initiate the downlines may cross directly over the PROBECABLE-HT or coaxial cable. A good procedure is to protect the area where there is a cross over for about 1.5 m (5 ft) along the length of cable. Experience has shown that a sand or stemming barrier thickness of 15-30 cm (0.5-1 ft) suffices to protect the cables. When testing samples of explosives, it is a good idea to lay the sample of explosives down on the ground as opposed to leaving it protruding vertically from the ground. This is relevant when testing cardboard or steel tubes filled with explosives. Please contact MREL for site and product specific recommendations.

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4.6 HANDITRAPII SETUP PROCEDURE FOR VOD MEASUREMENT


Once the PROBEROD or PROBECABLE-HT has been placed in the explosive and connected to the RG-58 coaxial cable running to the PROBEROD/PROBECABLE-HT connector on the HandiTrapII, the Operator can start setting the HandiTrapII to record VOD experiments. The procedure to record a new VOD test consists of the following steps: 1. Ensure that the coaxial cable coming from the PROBEROD or PROBECABLE-HT is connected to the HandiTrapII input connector labeled PROBEROD/PROBECABLE-HT. 2. Turn the HandiTrapII power ON by simultaneously pressing the TEST and START buttons for 1 second. The START light will illuminate and begin to flash slowly indicating that the HandiTrapII is in Stand-by mode. 3. If the TEST light flashes when no buttons are pressed, the battery needs to be recharged. 4. Press the TEST button; the TEST light will become illuminated steadily if the PROBEROD or PROBECABLE-HT electrical circuit is found to be within the correct resistance range. If the TEST light flashes slowly or flashes quickly when the TEST button is pressed, then there is a problem with the PROBEROD or PROBECABLE-HT electrical circuit (PROBEROD or PROBECABLE-HT, coaxial cable and/or the BNC Adapter) and the Operator is referred to Section 4.7 for possible solutions. It is worth noting that the START button will be blocked and the HandiTrapII will be unable to record VODs when the PROBEROD or PROBECABLE-HT electrical circuit is found to be out of the correct resistance range. 5. Press the START button. The START light will illuminate steadily. The HandiTrapII then starts monitoring the blast, waiting to start collecting VOD data when the explosive is detonated causing the HandiTrapII trigger signal. Personnel can now vacate the HandiTrapII location. 6. When the triggering condition is met (i.e. a sufficient length of PROBEROD or PROBECABLE-HT has been consumed by the detonation), the HandiTrapII will trigger and start collecting VOD information. 7. Once data collection has been completed, the START light flashes slowly at the same rate as when the HandiTrapII was first turned on, but pressing the START or TEST buttons by themselves will have no effect. Do not switch the HandiTrapII OFF at this point. 8. The VOD data is ready to be transferred to a computer or a Palm device using the Software as detailed in Sections 5.1 and 7.1. Do not switch OFF the HandiTrapII until the data has been transferred. The HandiTrapII has a volatile memory, so switching OFF the The BNC Adapter can be HandiTrapII will erase all data. disconnected from the HandiTrapII. 9. Once data transfer is complete then the HandiTrapII can be switched OFF by simultaneously pressing the TEST and START buttons for 1 second.

4.7 PROBEROD OR PROBECABLE-HT CIRCUIT RESISTANCE OUT OF RANGE


With a PROBEROD or PROBECABLE-HT connected to the HandiTrapII and the TEST button is pressed, a steady TEST indicator light indicates that the PROBEROD or PROBECABLE-HT electrical circuit is OK. With a PROBEROD or PROBECABLE-HT connected to the HandiTrapII and the TEST button is pressed, a slowly flashing TEST indicator light indicates that the resistance in the PROBEROD or PROBECABLE-HT electrical circuit is too low (such as a short circuit). With a PROBEROD or PROBECABLE-HT connected to the HandiTrapII

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and the TEST button is pressed, a rapidly flashing TEST indicator light indicates that the resistance in the PROBEROD or PROBECABLE-HT electrical circuit is too high (such as an open circuit). The HandiTrapII is calibrated to perform VOD tests between the two initial resistance values of 310 - 340 ohms. There can be several reasons for total resistance to be LOW: 1. A short circuit somewhere in the coaxial cable and probe assembly, including any BNC connector(s) or BNC Adapter; 2. A damaged PROBEROD or PROBECABLE-HT. Items 1 and 2 above can be tested using a blasters galvanometer to test the resistance/continuity of the coaxial cable and PROBEROD or PROBECABLE-HT assembly and solved by remaking the connections and/or replacing the damaged PROBEROD or PROBECABLE-HT. There can be several reasons for the total resistance to be HIGH: 1. An open circuit somewhere in the coaxial cable and probe assembly, including any BNC connector(s) or BNC Adapter; 2. A damaged PROBEROD or PROBECABLE-HT. Items 1 and 2 above can be tested using a blasters galvanometer to test the resistance/continuity of the coaxial cable and probe assembly and solved by remaking the connections and/or replacing the damaged PROBEROD or PROBECABLE-HT.

4.8 UTILIZING THE EXTERNAL TRIGGER


In some VOD recording applications, it may be desirable to have one or several HandiTrapIIs begin to record exactly when a specific event occurs. In the case of several HandiTrapIIs, this technique would allow the determination of the delay time between blastholes. For the specific event to start at time = 0 on the graph, the EXT. TRIG. connector, on the front of the HandiTrapII, is used. Connect the External Trigger Adapter to the EXT. TRIG. connector on the front of the HandiTrapII. Connect a length of coaxial cable to the External Trigger Adapter and extend the coaxial cable to the location of the trigger event. Attach a thin wire such as an electrical blasting wire lead to the other end of the coaxial cable (centre conductor of the coaxial cable to one end of the thin wire and shielding of the coaxial cable to the other end of the thin wire) using cutters and electrical tape so there is a closed circuit across the end of the coaxial cable. The polarity of the connection does not matter. The assembly consisting of the External Trigger Adapter and coaxial cable and thin wire is called the Trigger Wire. The HandiTrapII will mark time=0 when the Trigger Wire becomes open circuit (normally closed, BREAK Circuit trigger). Upon the thin wire becoming broken, the HandiTrapII will begin recording data. Any explosive event such as a detonator firing, detonating cord firing or a booster firing will break such a circuit and cause the HandiTrapII to collect data. Pre-trigger points will still be collected, but time=0 on the graph will be the precise time when the Trigger Wire became broken.

It is important to connect the External Trigger Adapter to the HandiTrapII before pressing the START button. Otherwise, if the START button has already been pressed, the HandiTrapII will trigger upon connecting the External Trigger Adapter

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To connect multiple HandiTrapIIs to one Trigger Wire to time synchronize the HandiTrapIIs, connect coaxial cable BNC "T" connectors on the ends of the External Trigger Adapters and connect the External Trigger Adapters together and to one Trigger Wire as shown in the example below for 4 HandiTrapIIs.

Blastholes

Blast Initiation Circuit

PROBECABLE-HT Surface Delays Thin Trigger Wire VOD Coaxial Cable

Coaxial Trigger Wire

HandiTrap s EXT. TRIG. Connectors External Trigger Adapters

II

Short Coaxial Cables

Coaxial Cable BNC "T" Connectors

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CHAPTER 5: HANDITRAPII SOFTWARE FOR WINDOWS

Ensure that Chapter 1 has been successfully completed prior to beginning Chapter 5.

5.1 RETRIEVING DATA FROM THE HANDITRAPII


The HandiTrapII power should be already ON after the VOD test. If it has been switched OFF, then the VOD data has been lost. The procedure to retrieve data from the HandiTrapII to a computer is as follows: 1. Connect the Communications Cable supplied with the HandiTrapII between the Serial Port on the computer and the COM/CHARGE port on the front panel of the HandiTrapII. 2. Start the HandiTrapII Software by clicking on Start-ProgramsHandiTrap 1.4 3. At the Main Menu click on the Retrieve Data button or with the keyboard press Alt-R. Data retrieval can be accomplished without the use of a computer mouse by pressing tab to move between data entry fields. 4. Choose a drive, directory and file name in which the HandiTrapII data will be stored. The directory defaults to C:\HandiTrapII\Data. Note: when retrieving data from a simultaneous test with several HandiTrapIIs, create a directory just for the files from that test. Later you can then open all of these files at once using the Open All Sets button. The file name, in this case, is HT2003Apr030, which indicates the 30th time data has been downloaded from the HandiTrapII in April of 2003. The Operator can rename the file to any name and can add comments about the file in the Enter Comments box. The Operator must choose either to display VOD units in m/s or ft/s, the type of VOD probe that was used (PROBEROD or PROBECABLE-HT), and the computer Port for communications is displayed and can be changed if communication fails (Section 1.3). The Operator must enter a Serial # (or identification number) for the HandiTrapII, which will differentiate between data files from different HandiTrapIIs when more than one HandiTrapII is being recorded in a blast. After the first use, there is a shortcut button HandiTrapII files already stored in the directory are also displayed. Note that new directories can be created from this window using the Create New Directory button. As well, that the current directory can be Set as Default Start Directory for saving files. When all information is entered, click on the Download button. Otherwise, click on the Cancel button to return to the Main Menu. If the Download button is pressed and communication is established, the % complete will be shown until it reaches 100%. The download will take approximately 50-75 seconds.

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5. After the data has been downloaded, the Communications Cable can be detached from the computer and the HandiTrapII and the Operator can proceed to analyze the data. 6. After the first successful download, the previous settings will be available in a shortcut button

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5.2 SELECTING DATA FILES FOR ANALYSIS


The procedure to select a HandiTrapII file for analysis is as follows: 1. If the HandiTrapII Software is not running, start the HandiTrapII Software by clicking on Start-Programs-HandiTrap 1.4. 2. At the Main Menu click on the Analyze Data button or with the keyboard press Alt-A.

3. Click on the file name of interest. Use the File Comments box as a guide to each files content. 4. Click on the Open button when a file has been selected, otherwise click on the Cancel button to return to the Main Menu. Note that the current directory can be set as the default directory for opening files.

For this example, Borehole_Ex is chosen to illustrate the results of a VOD test on explosives in a blasthole. Borehole_Ex and ProbeRod_Ex (test on a sample of explosives) are data files that have been included as examples with the HandiTrapII Software. Chapter 6 provides the detailed procedures for analyzing the data in both of these files. Clicking on the Open button automatically starts the HandiTrapII Advanced Analytical Software with the chosen data file. The following Section outlines the capabilities of the Analytical Software. Note: when retrieving data from a simultaneous test with several HandiTrapIIs, create a directory just for the files from that test. You can then open all of these files at once using the Open All Sets button.

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5.3 INTRODUCTION TO ANALYSIS


The following screen is displayed when a VOD file has been chosen for analysis and all of the sub-graphs previously saved with the file are opened:

The screen contains three main areas that are summarized below, and are discussed in more detail in the following Sections as well as in Chapter 6: Desktop: the area having the MREL logo as background. One or more graphs can be displayed in maximized, normalized or minimized size states in the area. Tools Bar: a moveable menu of icons, which allows the Operator to access analysis and graphics tools. Current Point Tools Bar: a moveable menu of icons and data display windows which allows the Operator to access analysis tools, not shown above. Menu Bar: located across the top of the screen. It includes pull down menus for File, Graph, Edit, Analyze, Window and Help.

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5.4 DESKTOP
When a data file is initially opened, the Desktop area of the Software, which has as a background the MREL logo, shows the Original Data (by Serial #) graph in a minimized state indicating the Serial #. The data and graphics on the original graphs can not be changed. New graph names must be given to the modified graphs (or sub-graphs). In this way, the original data for the test can never be lost. In the example in Section 5.3, the Borehole_Ex data file at this point in the analysis has only 1 graph, which is the Original Data Serial # graph. From this Original Data graph, other sub-graphs can be made and saved by the Operator under new graph names. These sub-graphs can include some or all of the data in the original graph and can include graphics, text and analysis information as added by the Operator. The next time the data file is chosen for analysis, the original graph and all sub-graphs will be opened. There is no limit to the number of sub-graphs that can be created from an Original Data graph. The procedure for creating sub-graphs is discussed in Chapter 6. By clicking on either the normalize icon or on the maximize icon on any minimized graphs (per normal Windows procedures) the data can be viewed and analyzed.

5.5 TOOLS BAR


The Tools Bar contains a selection of ten (10) tool buttons used to add or modify the graphs characteristics, text and graphics and to apply analysis procedures to the data in the graphs to calculate VODs and delay times between holes. The Tools Bar can be moved anywhere on the Desktop. The basic functions of each of the tool buttons are outlined below: The Select Tool has many functions including: selecting, moving, minimizing, maximizing and normalizing graphs; selecting and modifying any component of the graphs by double clicking on the component (i.e. x-axis, y-axis, data, text, titles). The Text Tool allows the Operator to add new text/titles/comments to graphs. The Zoom In Tool allows the Operator to zoom in on any part of the data and graph. The Zoom Out Tool restores the data to the previous range before a zooming in operation was performed. The Data Value Tool displays the digital x, y (time, distance) value of any data point on the graph. The Line Tool allows the Operator to add a straight line to graphs. The Arrow Tool allows the Operator to add a straight arrowhead line/pointer to graphs. The VOD Tool allows the Operator to automatically calculate the VOD for any part of the VOD graph by doing a linear regression on all of the data between any two data points on the graph. The Delay Tool allows the Operator to automatically calculate the delay time between any two data points on the graph. The Print Tool allows the Operator to print the active graph.

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5.6 CURRENT POINT TOOLS BAR


The Current Point Tools Bar contains three (3) data display windows and several buttons. The purpose of the Current Tools Bar is to allow the Operator to use the Data Value Tool (Section 5.5) to display and store two data points for conducting analysis. The Tools Bar can be moved anywhere on the Desktop. The Current Points Tools Bar does not need to be utilized to analyze VOD graphs if the Operator prefers only to utilize the VOD Tool and Delay Tool in the Tools Bar. The top data display window displays the most recent point (Time, Y-axis value) that was clicked on the current graph. The main purpose of the other buttons is to help choose points precisely for functions that require a start and end point. The typical use for this would be: 1. Zoom in to a small area, then choose a start point. For more precision, you can right click on the graph and button to set it as point 1. choose "Plotting - Line + Point". Press the 2. Unzoom. 3. Zoom in to another small area and choose the end point. Press the 4. Unzoom. 5. Choose one of the 2 point functions as described below. button to set it as point 2.

Once this has been done, the "C" button can be pressed to copy some lines of text that describe the result of the most recent function pressed. If no functions have been pressed, but a point has been clicked, it copies the X and Y value of that point. The text can then be pasted into another application. Note that some programs, such as MS Word, erase the clipboard when they are first opened. If there is more than one graph open, the toolbar keeps track of recently clicked points for each graph. The functions calculate a result based on the chosen points (T1, Y1) and (T2, Y2). For VOD graphs, Y1 and Y2 are the Distance values for the 2 points chosen. This uses Linear Regression to calculate the Velocity of Detonation between the 2 times chosen, considering all of the data between the two points. This is suitable for data that does not contain many noise spikes. This calculates the Velocity of Detonation between the 2 points chosen, without consideration of the data between the two points. It is suitable for noisy data sets. Usually, it is clear which points are noise (an abrupt jump to a value for 1 or 2 points, then a return to a value similar to the start or slightly higher, since the distance is increasing). In practice, the user chooses 2 points, then checks to see if the line between them goes over most of the "non-noisy" points. If not, the line and message can then be erased by double clicking on them and choosing "erase". If the line covers the data for part of the area examined, but not for a later part, there may be a different VOD for the early and later part of the data. Try calculating VODs for smaller sections of the data. This calculates and displays the time between 2 points. This calculates and displays the difference in Y values between 2 points. For VOD graphs, this calculates the distance between the points.

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If a 2 point function has been recently calculated for the current graph, this copies the relevant numbers to the clipboard. If a point has been clicked in the current graph, but no functions have been used, this copies the value for that point to the clipboard. If no points have been chosen, no data is copied. When the information is pasted into other Windows applications, the HandiTrapII serial number is included in the information. This can be used to compare VODs and times for different HandiTrapIIs in a simultaneous test.

5.7 MENU BAR


The Menu Bar contains a selection of six (6) pull down menus used to open data files and their associated graphs, save sub-graphs, print graphs, export data and graphics, move and erase bad data points, arrange graphs on the Desktop and provide access to the digital HandiTrapII Operations Manual. The Menu Bar is always located at the top of the Desktop. The basic functions of each of the pull down menus are outlined below:

The File menu allows the Operator to Open data files, display the name of the Current data file, Save the current data file including the associated graphs and Exit the Analysis section of the Software.

The Graph menu allows the Operator to List the graphs associated with the current data file, Save and Rename the sub-graphs, Delete the sub-graphs, Close the sub-graphs for the current analysis session, and Print the active graph.

The Edit menu allows the Operator to Change the Axes of the graph and Copy the Graph to the computers memory for pasting into other Windows applications such as word-processors. Additionally the Operator can Copy the X Data and Copy the Y Data, which comprises the graph, for subsequent pasting into Windows spreadsheets.

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The Analyze menu allows the Operator to Zoom in on the graph, Undo the last Zoom, Reset the graph to full range, Remove bad data points, Move bad data points, calculate a VOD using Linear Regression, calculate a VOD from 2 Points on the graph, Remove Negative Distance Changes on a graph, calculate a Y value Difference and calculate a time Delay.

The Remove and Remove Negative Distances Changes menu items can be used on data points that sometimes result from inefficient shorting of the PROBEROD or PROBECABLE-HT, causing downward spikes in the data. For example, when explosives react very slowly, there may be inefficient shorting of the probe. This may result in a graph similar to that shown. It is a VOD record of a blasthole taken with a MiniTrapII Explosives Continuous VOD Recorder. The trend of the VOD is apparent, however there are many downward spikes on the trace; this makes the normal Calculate VOD using the Linear Regression inaccurate. In such cases the Operator can Calculate VOD From 2 Points from the Analyze menu. The Remove Negative Distance Changes item allows the Operator to improve the appearance of the graph for presentation purposes in an semi-automated fashion.

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The Window menu allows the Operator to automatically arrange the non-minimized graphs on the Desktop in three (3) ways: Cascade, tile Vertically, and tile Horizontally. This menu also allows the Operator to automatically Arrange the minimized graph icons.

The Help menu allows the Operator to access the Adobe Acrobat format of this HandiTrapII Operations Manual on his computer. The Operator must have Adobe Acrobat Reader Software to read and print the Operations Manual. The Adobe Acrobat Reader Software is available free of charge from the Adobe Internet web site at www.adobe.com. The Help menu also displays information About the HandiTrapII Software, including contact information for MREL.

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CHAPTER 6: EXAMPLES OF WINDOWS DATA ANALYSIS


6.1 SAMPLE OF EXPLOSIVES DETONATING CORD EXAMPLE
This Section presents a detailed analysis of a VOD test performed on a sample of detonating cord using a PROBEROD. The Operator is encouraged to follow the example using the HandiTrapII Software.
PROBEROD Detonating Cord Blast Initiation Circuit Coaxial Cable

As outlined in Section 4.3, a typical VOD test of an explosive sample is shown. In the following example, the explosive sample is a length of detonating cord that has been taped along the length of a PROBEROD. The procedure to select a HandiTrapII file for analysis is as follows: 1. From the Main Menu click on the Analyze Data button or with the keyboard press Alt-A. 2. Click on the ProbeRod_Ex. file name
PROBEROD/PROBECABLEHT Connector

HandiTrapII

3. Click on the Open button, which automatically starts the HandiTrapII Advanced Analytical Software.

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The following window will be shown after all the graphs in the file have been loaded. Click on OK or press Enter.

Maximizing the Serial # 28 Original Data graph, and moving the Tools Bar, results in the screen shown below:

The graph shows a line plot of distance versus time for the complete duration of a VOD test. The length of the detonating cord and PROBEROD is approximately 0.9 m. The graph has two time areas: before time = 0 (pre-trigger time) and after time = 0 (post-trigger time). In all VOD tests, the HandiTrapII is triggered to begin recording at time = 0 but has a pre-trigger data memory before time = 0. This allows the HandiTrapII to record the information from the PROBEROD as it is being consumed to the PROBEROD length at which the HandiTrapII will trigger. The HandiTrapII records post-trigger data after time = 0. As can be seen in the above graph, the HandiTrapII records more data than required for a test of a sample of explosives. It records the same amount of data whether testing a sample of explosives with a PROBEROD or explosives loaded in a blasthole using PROBECABLE-HT.

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Using the Zoom In Tool (Section 5.5), in successive zooms, the Operator can focus on the area of interest: the part of the graph that shows the explosive detonating. All data after that area is only noise from the cable ends short circuiting and open circuiting intermittently.

The following screen shows results from zooming in on the data of interest. If the wrong area is chosen, use the Zoom Out Tool to undo the previous Zoom In.

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To analyze the data for VOD, choose the VOD Tool (Section 5.5). The Software calculates the VOD by conducting a linear regression on the data contained between two data points chosen by the Operator. The Software prompts the Operator to click on the first data point and then on the second data point, thus defining a data range for the VOD calculation. The Operator will know when he/she is on a data point as the arrow will change to a hand. The VOD result is automatically shown with a colored straight VOD line over the data range of interest. The Operator can perform an unlimited number of VOD analyses on a graph. The VOD text can be chosen with the Select Tool for moving. By double clicking on the VOD text and VOD line with the Select Tool, the Operator can change the properties of these items or delete them.

The Text Tool (Section 5.5) can be used to add additional comments on the graph. When the graph has been annotated to the satisfaction of the Operator, the graph can be saved as a sub-graph. The Operator cannot overwrite the Original Data graph that contains the original data and graphics. The Operator chooses GraphSave As and then types in a name for the sub-graph. This sub-graph will be stored with the Example file and will be automatically opened along with the Original Data graph the next time the Example file is chosen for analysis. The Operator may wish to copy the graph into a Windows word-processor for a report. To do this the Operator chooses Edit-Copy Graph from the Menu Bar. The Operator can then minimize the HandiTrapII Software, open the word-processor and Paste the graph.

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To print directly from the HandiTrapII Software, the Operator can either use the Print Tool or select Graph-Print from the Menu Bar. To change the format of the graph, the x and y-axis, plot type etc use the Select Tool (Section 5.5) to double click on the graph window. Double clicking with this tool on the graph window, axis titles and other objects allows some changes to be made to the attributes of these items. In the screen below, the Select Tool was used to double click on the graph window. The following window is displayed. Under the Plot tab, the property of the graph was changed to display data points only.

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Using a graph from another MREL VOD recorder (MicroTrap), on the next screen, for interest only, a graph with a VOD analysis has been enlarged further using the Zoom In Tool. The Data Value Tool (Section 5.5) has been used to click on the graph to find the distance at which time = 0. The x, y (time, distance) coordinates of this point are shown in the Current Point Window. Notice that when the Data Value Tool is chosen, an arrow appears and in the upper left corner of the graph, the position of the arrow on the graph window is displayed (x, y). When the arrow is placed over the graph line, the arrow changes to a hand. When the Operator clicks on the graph line then the Current Point Window displays the value of the data point on the graph line. Note: the arrow and hand cursors are not shown on the screen below.

MicroTrap VOD Data

The Operator is encouraged to experiment with analyzing, formatting and printing the data and graphs contained in the Example file. Note: changes are made to the data in the sub-graphs; the Original Data graph cannot be changed and will always be available for subsequent analyses.

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6.2 SAMPLE OF EXPLOSIVES NOISY EXAMPLE


The following screen shows results from a noisy recording, with zooming done on the data of interest.

Notice that there are some downwards pointing spikes in the data. When explosives react very slowly, or if the explosive is of relatively low energy, there may be inefficient shorting of the probe. This may result in a graph similar to that shown. The trend of the VOD is apparent, however there are many downward spikes on the trace; this makes the normal Calculate VOD using the Linear Regression inaccurate. In such cases the Operator can Calculate VOD From 2 Points from the Analyze menu. To analyze the noisy data for VOD, choose the Calculate VOD From 2 Points from the Analyze menu. The Software calculates the VOD by drawing a straight line between two data points chosen by the Operator, and displaying the slope of the line. The Software prompts the Operator to click on the first data point and then on the second data point, thus defining a data range for the VOD calculation. The Operator will know when he is on a data point as the arrow will change to a hand. The VOD result is automatically shown with a colored straight VOD line over the data range of interest. The Operator can perform an unlimited number of VOD analyses on a graph. The VOD text can be chosen with the Select Tool for moving. By double clicking on the VOD text and VOD line with the Select Tool, the Operator can change the properties of these items or delete them.

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The Text Tool (Section 5.5) can be used to add additional comments on the graph. When the graph has been annotated to the satisfaction of the Operator, the graph can be saved as a sub-graph. The Operator cannot overwrite the Original Data graph that contains the original data and graphics. The Operator chooses GraphSave As and then types in a name for the sub-graph. This sub-graph will be stored with the Example file and will be automatically opened along with the Original Data graph the next time the file is chosen for analysis. The Operator may wish to copy the graph into a Windows word-processor for a report. To do this the Operator chooses Edit-Copy Graph from the Menu Bar. The Operator can then minimize the HandiTrap Software, open the word-processor and Paste the graph. To print directly from the HandiTrap Software, the Operator can either use the Print Tool or select Graph-Print from the Menu Bar.

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6.3 SAMPLE OF EXPLOSIVES OTHER EXAMPLES


The following examples are provided as an illustration of the VOD analysis capabilities of the HandiTrapII. This result is typical for an explosive failing to detonate completely.
1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7

VOD RESULT FOR AN EXPLOSIVES SAMPLE - 0.9 METER LONG UNCONFINED SAMPLE -

Distance (m)

0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 Explosive Begins to Fail at 0.36 meters VOD in this region is 4,510 m/s Explosive Fails to Detonate Fully

Time (ms)
This result illustrates the effect of confining the explosive in Schedule 40 steel pipe (a standard substitute for rock). The explosive detonates fully when loaded in steel pipe but fails when unconfined as shown in the previous graph.
1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7

VOD RESULT FOR AN EXPLOSIVES SAMPLE - 0.9 METER LONG STEEL CONFINED SAMPLE -

Distance (m)

0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.0 -0.10

AVERAGE VOD = 4,540 m/s

-0.05

0.00

0.05

0.10

0.15

0.20

Time (ms)

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The following is the result of a VOD test on unconfined bulk explosive. It can be observed that a second booster was placed in the explosive column that had not been tied into the shot exploder. As can be seen, the Operator can determine the VOD anywhere along the 0.9 m long unconfined sample.

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6.4 EXPLOSIVES IN A BLASTHOLE


This Section presents a detailed analysis of a VOD test performed on explosives in a blasthole using a spool of PROBECABLE-HT. The Operator is encouraged to follow the example using the HandiTrapII Software. In the following example, the PROBECABLE-HT has been used in a blasthole containing explosives. The procedure to select a HandiTrapII file for analysis is as follows: 1. From the Main Menu click on the Analyze Data button or with the keyboard press Alt-A. 2. Click on the Borehole_Ex. file name

Stemming Coaxial Cable

PROBECABLE-HT

PROBEROD/PROBECABLE-HT Connector

Explosive Blast Initiation Circuit HandiTrapII Booster

3. Click on the Open button, which automatically starts the HandiTrapII Advanced Analytical Software.

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The following window will be shown after all the graphs in the file have been loaded. Click on OK or press Enter.

Maximizing the Original Data graph, and moving the Tools Bar, results in the screen shown below:

The graph shows a line plot of distance versus time for the complete duration of a VOD test. The graph has two time areas: before time = 0 (pre-trigger time) and after time = 0 (post-trigger time). In all VOD tests, the HandiTrapII is triggered to begin recording at time = 0 but has a pre-trigger data memory before time = 0. This allows the HandiTrapII to record the information from the PROBECABLE-HT as it is being consumed to the PROBECABLE-HT length at which the HandiTrapII will trigger. The HandiTrapII records post-trigger data after time = 0.

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Using the Zoom In Tool (Section 5.5), the Operator can focus on the area of the blasthole.

Notice that in this example the PROBECABLE-HT was attached to a rock and lowered to the bottom of the blasthole. The booster was then loaded into the hole at a distance of approximately 4.5 m from the bottom of the hole. The explosive column was a total of 17.5 m long with 13 m above the booster. When the booster fires, it immediately cuts off 4.5 m of PROBECABLE-HT (as shown by the vertical jump in distance) and then the remainder of the explosive column above the booster position consumes the PROBECABLE-HT in a gradual manner consistent with the VOD of the explosive. When the stemming position is met, the rate of change of length of PROBECABLE-HT changes dramatically as can be expected. Drop outs ("noise" in the graph) are also an indication of inefficient shorting of the PROBECABLE-HT in the stemming as can be expected. The following screen shows results from zooming in on the data of interest. If the wrong area is chosen, use the Zoom Out Tool to undo the previous Zoom In.

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Using the Zoom In Tool (Section 5.5), the Operator can focus on the area of the explosives detonating in the blasthole. To analyze the data for VOD, choose the VOD Tool (Section 5.5). The Software calculates the VOD by conducting a linear regression on the data contained between two data points chosen by the Operator. The Software prompts the Operator to click on the first data point and then on the second data point, thus defining a data range for the VOD calculation. The Operator will know when he/she is on a data point as the arrow will change to a hand. The VOD result is automatically shown with a colored straight VOD line over the data range of interest. The Operator can perform an unlimited number of VOD analyses on a graph. The VOD text can be chosen with the Select Tool for moving. By double clicking on the VOD text and VOD line with the Select Tool, the Operator can change the properties of these items or delete them.

Notice that there are some downwards pointing spikes in the data. In this case it is in the region of the stemming so naturally the PROBECABLE-HT is not consumed efficiently in this region of the hole. Also, one can see the dramatic reduction in velocity in the stemming. The Text Tool (Section 5.5) can be used to add additional comments on the graph. When the graph has been annotated to the satisfaction of the Operator, the graph can be saved as a sub-graph. The Operator cannot overwrite the Original Data graph that contains the original data and graphics. The Operator chooses GraphSave As and then types in a name for the sub-graph. This sub-graph will be stored with the Example file and will be automatically opened along with the Original Data graph the next time the Example file is chosen for analysis.

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The Operator may wish to copy the graph into a Windows word-processor for a report. To do this the Operator chooses Edit-Copy Graph from the Menu Bar. The Operator can then minimize the HandiTrapII Software, open the word-processor and Paste the graph. To print directly from the HandiTrapII Software, the Operator can either use the Print Tool or select Graph-Print from the Menu Bar.

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CHAPTER 7: ANALYSIS ON PALM DEVICES


7.1 RETRIEVING DATA FROM THE HANDITRAPII
The procedure to retrieve data from the HandiTrapII to a Palm device is as follows: 1. Place the PalmOS device in its cradle (or attach the Travel HotSync cable). 2. Connect the Communications Cable supplied with the HandiTrapII between the Palm device and the COM port on the front panel of the HandiTrapII. 3. Turn the HandiTrapII power ON. 4. Start the HandiTrapII Software on the Palm device. 5. Tap the Download button.

6. The Download Window will appear. The naming convention for the data files is the date and time to create a unique name. The Operator can also create a new name each time data is downloaded by editing the Data Set name.

7. The Software automatically creates an initial comment from the date and time and, optionally, the Operator can add comments that are useful to describe the contents of the file when opening files for analysis. 8. When comments have been entered the Operator can tap on the Start Button to begin downloading data from the HandiTrapII. The progress of the data transfer is shown as % Complete. The download will take approximately 50-75 seconds.

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7.2 ANALYSIS
1. When downloading has finished, tap the Analyze button. The Software will display a list of downloaded data sets. Tapping on a name will make it the current data set and show the comments associated with it. Tap the Open button to view the current data set. You can also Beam or delete a data set from this window.

2. When a data set is opened the data will be graphed as shown. The graph has displays time in ms on the x-axis and length in metres or feet on the y-axis. 3. The Operator may tap inside the graph area to display the exact value of the nearest data point on the VOD graph. The (time, length) value is displayed in the lower left corner. Pressing the scroll up/down button on the Palm device views the next/previous data point value.

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4. To view the data from the detonation event more closely, tap on the Zoom button (Z+) then create a zooming rectangle by tapping at one corner of the area of interest and sliding the pen to create a zoom rectangle. When you lift the pen, the graph will be zoomed to that area.

5. To calculate a VOD, tap the VOD button, then the next 2 points selected will determine the start and end points of the VOD. (For noisier graphs, it may be necessary to choose the points more precisely with the 2 Button VOD mode) After choosing 2 points, the VOD is calculated and looks as shown. Note that the VOD calculation is based on a straight line drawn between the two points chosen by the Operator. A linear regression on the data is not performed. For calculation of a VOD using linear regression, the Operator should use the VOD tool in the Windows Software as detailed in Section 5.5. 6. At this point, the Operator can tap the Unzoom button (Z-) to return to the previous view, and calculate another VOD. There are 10 levels of Unzoom stored. Also, there are Menu functions to Redraw the current graph without the VOD line and text. Choosing Full Range will unzoom back to the original graph. Show in feet or Show In metres will redraw the graph with those units.

7. Some explosives, such as ANFO, can sometimes result in noisy traces but still show a clear VOD trend. With a small resolution PalmOS device, it can be difficult to tap the exact point desired, and because of noise, the next point may have a very different value. The 2 Button VOD mode (set in Section 7.1) allows the Operator to tap on the graph (or use the scroll button) as many times as needed to get the desired 1st VOD point. The V1 button is then tapped. Next, the location for the 2nd point of the VOD is chosen, then the V2 button is tapped, and the VOD is shown.

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7.3 TRANSFERRING PALM DATA FILES TO A COMPUTER


7.3.1 Using HotSync to Transfer Files After HotSyncing, HandiTrapII data will be transferred from the PalmOS device to the computer. The Operator must have run the HandiTrapII Software for Windows at least once on the computer since installation so that the location on the computer for transferring the HandiTrapII files has been set. During HotSync all HandiTrapII files are transferred automatically in the background and require no action by the Operator. The files can then be opened and analyzed on the computer using the HandiTrapII Software for Windows.

7.3.2 Using a Memory Card to Transfer Files The data can be transferred to the computer without HotSyncing by storing it on an SD or MMC memory card. Choose HTCardMgr from the Palm Screen, then choose the data set, then click on the Copy to Card button. When this has finished creating the .ht2 and .raw files, take out the card, place it in a memory card reader. Start the Windows HandiTrapII Analysis software and analyze the file. You may also want to copy the .t2 and .raw file to the computer. Copying the data to a memory card is also a good idea to back up the data.

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CHAPTER 8: CONTACTING MREL FOR TECHNICAL SUPPORT


8.1 CONTACTING MREL
MREL Specialty Explosive Products Limited Blasting Instrumentation Team 1555 Sydenham Road Kingston, Ontario K7L 4V4 Canada Toll Free Canada/USA: 1-877-544-MREL Tel: +1-613-545-0466 Fax: +1-613-542-8029 Email: VOD@mrel.com Web site: www.mrel.com

8.2 EMAILING HANDITRAPII FILES TO MREL


It is an easy procedure to send a HandiTrapII file for its analysis/review by another Operator who also has the HandiTrapII Software. When a file is saved on a computer, the file name takes the form of filename.filetype, otherwise known as root.extension. When a HandiTrapII file is saved using a name chosen by the Operator (for example: test), several files with different filetypes are automatically created by the HandiTrapII Software all with the same filename, test. To email a HandiTrapII file called "Example", attach the entire HandiTrapII files with the same filename, to the email. It is better if all of the files are contained in one ZIP file for transfer by email. Normally MREL only requires the *.ht2 and *.raw files to conduct an analysis. If you want MREL to review the sub-graphs you have saved containing VOD analyses you have performed on the original data, then all of the files below will be required. For example: Example.ht2 Example.raw (the HandiTrapII settings file, which is a readable text file). MREL requires this file. (the HandiTrapII data file). MREL requires this file.

Example.plot001, Example.plot002 etc (the series of sub-graph files the Operator saved during analysis) Example.r01 (the data points removed from a sub-graph by the Operator) Example.ml001 (the series of x values of data points moved in a sub-graph by the Operator) Example.mv.001 (the series of new y values of data points moved in a sub-graph by the Operator) When giving files to another person on CD-ROM, the files can only be viewed. To modify the files, they must be copied to the computer's hard drive and the files must be changed from Read Only using Windows procedures. As part of MRELs ongoing commitment to Customer Satisfaction, MREL VOD Specialists will be pleased to review your analysis of your HandiTrapII data. If you would like to have a second opinion from MREL on your analysis of a specific test, send an email to VOD@mrel.com with a brief description of the test and attach all of the files. MREL looks forward to providing you with assistance.

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