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Agilent 4N25 Phototransistor Optocoupler General Purpose Type

Data Sheet

Description The 4N25 is an optocoupler for general purpose applications. It contains a light emitting diode optically coupled to a phototransistor. It is packaged in a 6-pin DIP package and available in widelead spacing option and lead bend SMD option. Response time, tr , is typically 3 s and minimum CTR is 20% at input current of 10 mA.

Ordering Information Specify part number followed by Option Number (if desired). 4N25-XXXX Option Number 060 = Option W00 = 300 = 500 = IEC/EN/DIN EN 60747-5-2

0.4" Lead Spacing Option Lead Bend SMD Option Tape and Reel Packaging Option XXXE = Lead Free Option

Features Response time (tr: typ., 3 s at VCE = 10 V, IC = 2 mA, RL = 100 ) Current Transfer Ratio (CTR: min. 20% at IF = 10 mA, VCE = 10 V) Input-output isolation voltage (Viso = 2500 Vrms) Dual-in-line package UL approved CSA approved IEC/EN/DIN EN 60747-5-2 approved Options available: Leads with 0.4" (10.16 mm) spacing (W00) Leads bends for surface mounting (300) Tape and reel for SMD (500) IEC/EN/DIN EN 60747-5-2 approvals (060) Applications I/O interfaces for computers System appliances, measuring instruments Signal transmission between circuits of different potentials and impedances

Functional Diagram Schematic


PIN NO. AND INTERNAL CONNECTION DIAGRAM 6 5 4
ANODE 1 + IF 6 BASE

VF CATHODE 2 IC 5 COLLECTOR

1 1. ANODE 2. CATHODE 3. NC

3 4. EMITTER 5. COLLECTOR 6. BASE

EMITTER

CAUTION: It is advised that normal static precautions be taken in handling and assembly of this component to prevent damage and/or degradation which may be induced by ESD.

Package Outline Drawings


TYPE NUMBER 6 5 4 OPTION CODE FOR OPTION 060 ONLY 3.5 0.5 (0.138) 7.3 0.5 (0.287) 7.62 0.3 (0.3)

A 4N25 V YYWW
PIN ONE DOT DATE CODE 1 2 3

6.5 0.5 (0.256) 2.8 0.5 (0.110) 3.3 0.5 (0.13) 0.5 TYP. (0.02)

DIMENSIONS IN MILLIMETERS AND (INCHES)

2.54 0.25 (0.1)

0.5 0.1 (0.02)

0.35 +0.15/-0.10 (0.14) 7.62 ~ 9.98

Package Outline Option W00

7.3 0.5 (0.287)

7.62 0.3 (0.3)

3.5 0.5 (0.138) 6.5 0.5 (0.256) 2.8 0.5 (0.110) 0.5 0.1 (0.02) 2.3 0.5 (0.09) 6.9 0.5 (0.272)

0.35 +0.15/-0.10 (0.014) 10.16 0.5 (0.4)

2.54 0.25 (0.1) DIMENSIONS IN MILLIMETERS AND (INCHES)

Package Outline Option 300

7.3 0.5 (0.287)

7.62 0.3 (0.3)

3.5 0.5 (0.138) 6.5 0.5 (0.256) 1.2 0.1 (0.047) 2.54 0.25 (0.1) 0.35 0.25 (0.014) 1.0 0.25 (0.039) 10.16 0.3 (0.4)

0.35 +0.15/-0.10 (0.14)

DIMENSIONS IN MILLIMETERS AND (INCHES)

Absolute Maximum Ratings Storage Temperature, TS Operating Temperature, TA Lead Solder Temperature, max. (1.6 mm below seating plane) Average Forward Current, IF Reverse Input Voltage, VR Input Power Dissipation, PI Collector Current, IC Collector-Emitter Voltage, VCEO Emitter-Collector Voltage, VECO Collector-Base Voltage, VCBO Collector Power Dissipation Total Power Dissipation Isolation Voltage, V iso (AC for 1 minute, R.H. = 40 ~ 60%) 55C to +150C 55C to +100C 260C for 10 s 80 mA 6V 150 mW 100 mA 30 V 7V 70 V 150 mW 250 mW 2500 Vrms

Electrical Specifications (TA = 25C) Parameter Forward Voltage Reverse Current Terminal Capacitance Collector Dark Current Collector-Emitter Breakdown Voltage Emitter-Collector Breakdown Voltage Collector-Base Breakdown Voltage Collector Current *Current Transfer Ratio Collector-Emitter Saturation Voltage Response Time (Rise) Response Time (Fall) Isolation Resistance Floating Capacitance IC x 100% IF Symbol VF IR Ct ICEO BVCEO BVECO BVCBO IC CTR VCE(sat) tr tf Riso Cf Min. 30 7 70 2 20 5 x 1010 Typ. 1.2 50 0.1 3 3 1 x 1011 1 Max. 1.5 10 50 0.5 Units V A pF nA V V V mA % V s s pF Test Conditions IF = 10 mA VR = 4 V V = 0, f = 1 KHz VCE = 10 V, IF = 0 IC = 0.1 mA, IF = 0 IE = 10 A, IF = 0 IC = 0.1 mA, IF = 0 IF = 10 mA VCE = 10 V IF = 50 mA, IC = 2 mA VCE = 10 V, IC = 2 mA RL = 100 DC 500 V 40 ~ 60% R.H. V = 0, f = 1 MHz

* CTR =

PC COLLECTOR POWER DISSIPATION mW

100
IF FORWARD CURRENT mA

200
IF FORWARD CURRENT mA

500 TA = 75C 200 100 50 20 10 5 2 1


-25 0 25 50 75 100 125

80

150

TA = 50C TA = 25C

TA = 0C TA = -25C

60

100

40

20 0 -55

50

-25

25

50

75

100 125

0 -55

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0

TA AMBIENT TEMPERATURE C

TA AMBIENT TEMPERATURE C

VF FORWARD VOLTAGE V

Figure 1. Forward current vs. temperature.

Figure 2. Collector power dissipation vs. temperature.

Figure 3. Forward current vs. forward voltage.

50

15
IC COLLECTOR CURRENT mA VCE = 10 V TA = 25C

RELATIVE CURRENT TRANSFER RATIO %

CTR CURRENT TRANSFER RATIO %

TA = 25C

IF = 40 mA

PC (MAX.)

300

IF = 10 mA VCE = 10 V

40

10

IF = 30 mA

200

30

20 RBE = 10 500 k 0 0.1 0.2 0.5 1 100 k 2 5 10 20 50 100

IF = 20 mA 5 IF = 10 mA IF = 5 mA 0 0 5 10 15

100

0 -55

-25

25

50

75

100

IF FORWARD CURRENT mA

VCE COLLECTOR-EMITTER VOLTAGE V

TA AMBIENT TEMPERATURE C

Figure 4. Current transfer ratio vs. forward current.

Figure 5. Collector current vs. collectoremitter voltage.

Figure 6. Relative current transfer ratio vs. temperature.

ICEO COLLECTOR DARK CURRENT A

0.3

VCE(SAT.) COLLECTOR-EMITTER SATURATION VOLTAGE V

IF = 50 mA IC = 2 mA

10-6
5

100
VCE = 10 V

10

-7 5

50
RESPONSE TIME s

0.2

10-8
5

20 10 5 2 1 0.5 0.2

VCE = 10 V IC = 2 mA TA = 25C

tf tr td

10-9
5

10

-10 5

0.1

ts

10-11 5 10-12
5

0 -55

-25

25

50

75

100

10-13 -55

-25

20

40

80

100 125

0.1 0.05

0.1 0.2 0.5 1 2

5 10 20

50

TA AMBIENT TEMPERATURE C

TA AMBIENT TEMPERATURE C

RL LOAD RESISTANCE k

Figure 7. Collector-emitter saturation voltage vs. temperature.

Figure 8. Collector dark current vs. temperature.

Figure 9. Response time vs. load resistance.

VCE(SAT.) COLLECTOR-EMITTER SATURATION VOLTAGE V

IC = 0.5 mA

IC = 2 mA

VOLTAGE GAIN AV dB

5 4 3 2 1 0 0

-5 RL = 10 k -10 RL = 1 k RL = 100

IC = 1 mA

IC = 3 mA

IC = 6 mA

VCE = 5 V IC = 2 mA TA = 25C

7 TA = 25C 6

-15 -20 0.5 1

5 10 20

50 100 200 500

10

15

IC = 7 mA

20

25

30

f FREQUENCY kHz

IF FORWARD CURRENT mA

Figure 10. Frequency response.

Figure 11. Collector-emitter saturation voltage vs. forward current.

Test Circuit for Response Time

Test Circuit for Frequency Response


VCC

VCC

RD INPUT

RL OUTPUT

RD

RL OUTPUT

INPUT

OUTPUT

10%

90%

td tr

ts tf

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