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A micrometer is a mechanical device designed to measure distances as small as 1/10,000 of an inch (0.0001 in).

Micrometers are only one (1) inch long.

The micrometer is used with different types and sizes of frames to provide precise measurements of many different objects. Small engines uses three (3) types of micrometers: 1. Micrometer caliper 2. Inside micrometer 3. Depth gauge micrometer Micrometer calipers are available in mechanical and digital models.

Micrometer caliper A micrometer caliper uses a frame that allows the micrometer to measure the thickness of objects. For small engine use, different frame sizes are used to provide a wider measurement range. - One inch - Two inch - Etc. Reading Micrometer Caliper-parts The first step in being able to read a micrometer is learning the names of the parts. The face of the anvil and the face of the spindle are the contact surfaces. The spindle and thimble turn together. The ratchet/friction stop improves the repeatability of measurements for beginners. A micrometer caliper is read at the point were the edge of the thimble crosses the barrel scale Insure the lock is released before trying to turn the thimble.

Frame The C-shaped body that holds the anvil and barrel in constant relation to each other. It is thick because it needs to minimize flexion, expansion, and contraction, which would distort the measurement. The frame is heavy and consequently has a high thermal mass, to prevent substantial heating up by the holding hand/fingers. It is often covered by insulating plastic plates which further reduce heat transference. Explanation: if you hold the frame long enough so that it heats up by 10C, then the increase in length of any 10 cm linear piece of steel is of magnitude 1/100 mm. For micrometers this is their typical accuracy range. Micrometers typically have a specified temperature at which the measurement is correct (often 20C [68F], which is generally considered "room temperature" in a room with HVAC). Toolrooms are generally kept at 20C [68F]. Anvil The shiny part that the spindle moves toward, and that the sample rests against. Sleeve / barrel / stock The stationary round part with the linear scale on it. Sometimes vernier markings. Lock nut / lock-ring / thimble lock The knurled part (or lever) that one can tighten to hold the spindle stationary, such as when momentarily holding a measurement. Screw (not seen) The heart of the micrometer, as explained under "Operating principles". It is inside the barrel. (No wonder that the usual name for the device in German is Messschraube, literally "measuring screw".) Spindle The shiny cylindrical part that the thimble causes to move toward the anvil. Thimble The part that one's thumb turns. Graduated markings. Ratchet stop (not shown in illustration) Device on end of handle that limits applied pressure by slipping at a calibrated torque.