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SPACE EXPLORATION HELPS IMPROVING LIFE ON EARTH

SPACE EXPLORATION HELPS IMPROVING LIFE ON EARTH 1

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View from the ISS - The Nile and Egypt by night 2

View from the ISS - The Nile and Egypt by night

What is Space Exploration?
What is Space Exploration?
The use of space technology to explore the outer space.
The use of space technology
to explore the outer space.
History
History
US vs. Soviet Russians
US vs. Soviet Russians
Men on moon Gagarin on Vostok 1 USSR’s Sputnik 1
Men on moon
Gagarin on Vostok 1
USSR’s Sputnik 1
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Space Exploration Helps Improving Life on Earth
Space Exploration Helps Improving Life
on Earth

Improving our life by technological advancements

Global network for modern communications

By observing the Earth

Space Spin-Offs
Space Spin-Offs
Space Spin-Offs 7
Space Spin-Offs 7
Space Spin-Offs
Space Spin-Offs

Body Imaging Scanners

 Mid-1960’s, NASA developed – digital image processing – digitally enhance pictures of Moon –
 Mid-1960’s, NASA developed – digital
image processing – digitally enhance
pictures of Moon – detect any space
structures.
CAT Scan
 Later being used by doctors – record
images of organs – human body.
 Diagnosis – cancer and soft tissue injuries.
 Computer-Aided Tomography (CAT)
 Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
MRI Scanning Device
Space Spin-Offs
Space Spin-Offs

Water Filter System

• Issues – Providing astronauts with a clean water supply. • Developed water recycling to
• Issues – Providing astronauts with a clean
water supply.
• Developed water recycling to overcome
the problem.
• Turning wastewater – respiration, sweat
and urine into drinkable water.
• Using Nano-technology – trap micro-sized
bugs in water.
Space Spin-Offs
Space Spin-Offs

Cordless Power Tools

• Apollo mission – invented a lightweight & portable equipment to acquire samples to bring
• Apollo mission – invented a lightweight
& portable equipment to acquire
samples to bring home with them.
• Does not need any wire – battery
powered tools.
• Power tools – compact & had effective
battery life.
• Massive change in the power tool
industry.
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Space Spin-Offs
Space Spin-Offs

Cochlear Implants

• A deaf engineer at Kennedy Space Center – Adam Kissiah Jr. – invented a
• A deaf engineer at Kennedy Space
Center – Adam Kissiah Jr. – invented a
device for hearing aid.
• Developing sensory equipment of space
travel – applied it to a device – convert
sound waves into electronic impulses.
• Cochlear implants – helped deaf people
to hear.
Modern Communications
Modern Communications

Communication satellites

Navigational satellites

Satellites for military purpose

Scientific studies satellites

Modern Communications
Modern Communications

Communication satellites

• Malaysia East Asia Satellite • Malaysian communications satellite operator • Provide television service in
• Malaysia East Asia Satellite
• Malaysian communications satellite operator
• Provide television service in Malaysia – general
communication services .
MEASAT-3
Modern Communications
Modern Communications
Modern Communications Galileo Satellite NAVSTAR GPS Satellite Navigational satellites • Provide location and time
Galileo Satellite
Galileo Satellite

NAVSTAR GPS Satellite

Navigational satellites

• Provide location and time information – anywhere on or near the Earth. • Not
• Provide location and time information –
anywhere on or near the Earth.
• Not solely rely on one satellite – GPS: 32
satellites orbiting the Earth.
• Galileo – upgraded version of GPS – still in
development.
Modern Communications
Modern Communications

Military satellites

• Gathering information regarding national security – reconnaissance. • Communication satellite – for armies.
• Gathering information regarding national
security – reconnaissance.
• Communication satellite – for armies.
• Surveillance during war or spying purpose.
• Detect missiles, spacecraft launches, nuclear
explosions.
• Controlled by government and military
Defense Support
Program
department.
• Helped the military to do their job easily.
Modern Communications
Modern Communications

Scientific satellites

Our Sun taken by SOHO
Our Sun taken by SOHO
International Space Station
International Space Station
Solar & Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) • A cooperative effort between the European Space Agency (ESA)
Solar & Heliospheric Observatory
(SOHO)
• A cooperative effort between the European
Space Agency (ESA) and NASA.
• Designed to study the internal structure of the
Sun, its outer atmosphere and the origin of the
solar wind.
Findings:
• Providing temperature structure.
• Measuring the acceleration of the slow and
fast solar wind.
• Discovering new dynamic solar phenomena.
• Revolutionizing our ability to forecast space
weather.
International Space Station • Designed for human beings to live on in outer space. •
International Space Station
• Designed for human beings to live on in outer space.
• Research includes Space weather, human research, space medicine, life
sciences, physical sciences, astronomy and meteorology in micro gravity.
• Expected to remain in operation until at least 2020, and potentially to 2028.
• Like many artificial satellites, the ISS can be seen from Earth with the naked
eye.
Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor was
launched to this space craft on 10
Oct 2007 under Malaysian
Angkasawan Program.
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Earth Observer
Earth Observer

Emergency warning and recovery systems

Environmental & Resource

Management

Protection against catastrophic planetary accidents

Warning and Recovery Systems  The ability to warn populations from disasters.  Rescue operations,
Warning and Recovery Systems
 The ability to warn populations from disasters.
 Rescue operations, emergency communications, recovery
operations.
 Hurricanes, monsoons, tidal waves, fires, earthquakes, ozone
hole, global warming, pollutions, ocean oil spills, melting ice
caps, loss of rain forests – threats to human survival.
A hurricane as
seen from space
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Resource Monitoring
Resource Monitoring

Remote sensing technology developed for analysis of

planetary images has improved agricultural

production.

Weather satellites have dramatically improved weather forecasts and severe weather predictions.

Climate & Ocean studies
Climate & Ocean studies
Map making
Map making
Protection Against Space Accidents • Probabilities are very low. • The dangers are greatest from
Protection Against Space Accidents
• Probabilities are very low.
• The dangers are greatest from not knowing enough about solar storms,
cosmic radiation and the ozone layer.
• Space Guard Program – could save our species in time.
• Recently an asteroid 2005 YU55 has passed the earth on 8 Nov 2011.
Halley’s Comet
Halley’s Comet

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Asteroid 2005 YU55 8 November 2011 Trajectory of asteroid 2005 YU55 compared with the orbits
Asteroid 2005 YU55
8 November 2011
Trajectory of asteroid 2005
YU55 compared with the
orbits of the Earth and the
Moon on 8–9 November
2011.
Real-time moving
photo of asteroid
2005 YU55
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Conclusion
Conclusion

Space exploration helps improving life on Earth

Improving our life by technological advancements

Global network for modern communications

By observing the Earth.