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Intel and Red Hat: Bringing Choice to the Enterprise We Innovate. You Win.

Leverage Your Data Center by Combining Red Hat Enterprise Linux on Intel Platforms
Thursday, November 17th 2005 2:00 p.m. Eastern/ 11:00 a.m. Pacific

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Todays Agenda
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Enterprises are Making the Move from Unix to Linux Why Red Hat running on Intel is The Platform of Choice for Linux New platform innovations Customer success

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Why Linux*
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Customers are increasingly considering Linux-based solutions


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Significant TCO savings when running on Intelbased platforms vs. proprietary RISC-based platforms Increased Hardware and Software Flexibility Straightforward migration path from UNIX to Linux

Intel and Red Hat have built a solutions network for Linux that includes ~2000 companies in the ecosystem Intel and Red Hat work together to ensure Red Hat Enterprise Linux runs best on Intel-based platforms.

*Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. others.

Maturation of Linux*
Linux on Servers
Mainstream Mainstream (10% MSS) (10% MSS) Traction Traction Early Early Adopters Adopters 00 02 04 06 08

Linux on PCs Linux in Telecom Embedded Linux

Source: IDC 2004

10

Linux is now clearly in the mainstream


*Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. others.

What is the Market Doing? Linux vs. Unix


Linux vs. Unix Installed Base (000's)
9000 8000 7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Linux Unix

Linux vs. Unix Shipments


1500000 1400000 1300000 1200000 1100000 1000000 900000 800000 700000 600000 500000 400000 300000 200000 100000 0 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

Linux Unix

Source: IDC: Worldwide Client and Server Operating Environments 2004-2008, Dec 2004, #32452

Source: IDC: Worldwide and US Server 2005-2009 Forecast, April 2005, #33187

UNIX market continues to decline

The Move to Linux is Happening in All Industries


Migrated enterprise from RISC/UNIX to Intel-Linux-Oracle. Migrating entire ERP, email & File from RISC/UNIX to Intel-Linux Migrating all RISC/UNIX Oracle to Intel-Linux-Oracle. Migrating ERP, DW, BI, SCM Oracle-UNIX to Intel-Linux-Oracle.

Migrated rendering farms from RISC/UNIX to Intel-Linux

Migrating all production systems from RISC/UNIX to Intel-Linux Migrating RISC/UNIX Oracle to Intel-Linux-Oracle. 100% running on Intel-Linux

What Does Red Hat Do?


# From an engineering standpoint:
" Works with the community, partners, and customers " Develops/incorporates new features " Integrates open source packages, new features, drivers, bug fixes, & security

updates committed to upstream community compatibility


" Tests, certifies, productizes, and supports the result

# From a business standpoint:


" Builds and unites ecosystem relationships " Delivers open source industry leadership " Provides services to customers and markettraining, consulting, support " Reinforces the open source development model

Red Hat Development Model


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Collaboration with partners and open source contributors to develop technology Deliver complete distributions in two stages for two audiences
" First stage $ Fedora the development vehicle $ Approximately twice/annum $ Unsupported $ Fast moving, latest technology " Second stage $ Red Hat Enterprise Linux $ Approximately every 18 months $ Supported and certified $ Stable, mature, commercially focused technologies

Collaborative Development Overview


# Technology Delivery
" Industry leading IT vendors
$

OEMs, ISVs

" Academia : Research : Government

# Shared: Intellectual Horsepower


Costs Risks Rewards
" Example: Red Hat, IBM and Intel developed

capability to match Solaris Dtrace in 9 months


" Creating system virtualization support for delivery

in the next 12 months


" Driving commoditization of multiple layers

of the software stack:


$

Storage : Security : Identity Management Linux kernel contributors


(Partial List - Q2/Q3 CY05)

Red Hat Enterprise Linux Overview


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Complete family of Client and Server solutions from laptop to the largest server
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Comprehensive architecture support

Red Hat Enterprise Linux


Servers
Red Hat Enterprise Linux AS
Large servers; databases; corporate applications Intel x86, Itanium2, EM64T

Clients
Red Hat Enterprise Linux WS
Technical workstation; power user; Engineering apps; HPC Intel x86, Itanium2, EM64T

Red Hat Enterprise Linux ES


Entry/mid servers; email, web, file/print.... Intel x86, Itanium2, EM64T

Red Hat Desktop


Standard corporate productivity desktop; volume deployments

Intel x86, EM64T

Fedora Open Source Projects

Innovation and Interconnectivity


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Open source software ensures that the broadest collaboration of suppliers work together to create the optimum operating system environment
"

Kernel "Influence" Ranking - 2004


Andrew M. Linus T. Red Hat IBM Novell Intel SGI HP MontaVista
0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000

Sun Other

Red Hat leads the field

Changes Influenced

Connectiva Dell

Kernel BitKeeper analysis, January 2005

Influence = feature creator, reviewer, or acceptor

Adoption of the Red Hat ecosystem by OEM and ISV partners has resulted in the very rapid growth of certified platforms and applications
"

Software Applications
1800+ 1000 600

Hardware Systems
1100+ 750 400

Red Hat leads the field

2003

2004

2005

2003

2004

2005

Red Hat Enterprise Linux Layered Products


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In addition to ISV partner applications, Red Hat provides a suite of layered products that broaden the capabilities of Red Hat Enterprise Linux
" "

Open Source Integrated and packaged for use with Red Hat Enterprise Linux

Security
# Red Hat Directory Server # Red Hat Certificate System
# Based on Netscape technology

Clustering & High Availability


# Red Hat Global File System # Red Hat Cluster Suite
# Based on Sistina technology

Application Development
# Red Hat Developer Suite
# Based on Eclipse technology

Red Hat Enterprise Linux

J2EE Application Environment

# Red Hat Application Server


# Based on Tomcat & JOnAS technology

Future Indicators: The Top500.org


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Why look at the Top 500?


" " "

It is the leading indicator of the technology adopted by industry More than half of the top500 systems are in commercial use Increases in data & processing needs will push more such solutions

Trends:
" " "

75% of the systems are based on Linux Clustering is the architecture of choice 265 systems out of 500 are deployed for commercial use, not academic or research use

Market Segments

Linux is the Operating System Leader

Intel is the Architecture Leader

Benchmark Price/Performance Leadership


#1 (World Record)
$21.82 $/QphH 11,742 QphH

TPC/H @ 300GB
# Red Hat, Intel, Dell, Oracle world record
price/performance @ 300GB database size # Number 2 result offers 21% of the performance for the same price

#2
$22.09 $/QphH 2,501 QphH 4-way UltraSPARC III
As of May 5, 2005: SunFire V440, with 4 UltraSPARC III CPUs. 2,501 QphH @ $22.09 $/QphH, available May 5, 2005.

8 node Xeon cluster


As of July 8, 2005: Eight-node Dell PowerEdge 6800 server cluster, each with one Xeon 3.33 GHz processor, 11,742 QphH, at $21.82 $/QphH, available January 8, 2006.

Source: http://www.tpc.org (11/11/05)

Oracle Applications Standard Benchmark


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Published in October 2004, still the record in November 2005


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World record for x86-based database and application server tiers x86-

Hardware: 16 x quad CPU IBM eServer xSeries x365 + IBM FAStT900 (1.5TB)
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Overall leader for 64 CPU configuration

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Software: Red Hat Enterprise Linux + Oracle 10g RAC & AS Result: 14508 users with average response time of 0.722 seconds

TCO Considerations
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Linux solutions have a proven track record of cost reduction in multiple dimensions:
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Hardware : Software : Adminstration : Flexibility

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Total cost analysis differs for every customer/deployment Regular vendor reports attempt to prove that other environments are cheaper than Linux. These reports typically bias:
" " " " " "

The number of users per server Received discount Support level (incident rates, coverage) Additional software costs (e.g. security, office) Upgrade value (innovation rate) Solution flexibility (multi-year commitments)

Source: Cybersource Pty, Ltd, 2004

Intel and Red Hat


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Intel is working across the technology industry to ensure the development of robust Linux* solutions on Intel Platforms " Actively contributing to the development of the Linux OS " Working closely with Red Hat to ensure Red Hat Enterprise Linux takes full advantage of new Intel platforms " Enabling and developing application development tools for Linux " Tuning applications for improved performance on Linux & Intelbased platforms

Actively working to ensure that Red Hat solutions Actively working to ensure that Red Hat solutions perform best on all Intel platforms perform best on all Intel platforms

Why Intel is the Platform for Linux. Much More Than Silicon
CHIPSETS INTEL CAPITAL BOARDS & SERVER SYSTEMS INDUSTRY STANDARDS

SOLUTIONS BLUEPRINTS INTEL SOLUTIONS SERVICES

SOFTWARE TOOLS

DEVELOPER SERVICES INTEL SOFTWARE COLLEGE EARLY ACCESS PROGRAM

OSDL Efforts

SOFTWARE VENDOR ALLIANCES

A Total Platform Approach A Total Platform Approach

Futures: Platform & Software Innovations

Platform Innovation Vectors


Business Value
Power Perf/watt Utilization Productivity Ease of use TCO

wer , Po tion aliza Virtu gement , a IPMI Man ent, em anag tive M Ac RAS, memory liability, Cache re ECC Multi-core, 64-bit, I/O acceleration

Reliability Security

Throughput Parallelism Scalability Headroom

Time

To Address Growth, Cost, Risk

Red Hat 2006/7 Focus: Delivering More Value


# Next generation TCO reduction # Multiple dimensions:
" Virtualization $ Intel hardware assists " Security : Global Storage " Scalable administration " Emerging Desktop Development Environment Virtualized Environment
Partner Applications

2006/7
Grid Infrastructure

technology
" Application Development

Stateless Authentication Data Management

Environment

Red Hat Enterprise Linux


Partner Hardware Partner Hardware Virtualization Partner Hardware Intel Hardware

Red Hat Network

Virtualization
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System virtualization is a major technology targeted for the next release of Red Hat Enterprise Linux
" "

Virtualized Servers

Dramatic lowering of TCO Continuous availability Operational scalability

A deployable virtualized environment requires multiple collaborating technologies:


"

Server/operating system virtualization


$ $

Xen (integrated into kernel and OS platform) Hardware assists (e.g. Intel VT) Red Hat Global File System

" "

Storage virtualization global data


$

System management, resource management, provisioning


$

Global Storage

Red Hat Network

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Application environment consistency with nonvirtualized environments

Infrastructure Management
Source: XenSource, Inc.

Virtualization in Action

Consolidate under-utilized servers to improve TCO

Enforce Security policy

Avoid downtime with VM relocation

Dynamically rebalance workload to achieve application SLA

Source: XenSource, Inc.

Why Virtualization?
enterprises should be evaluating virtualization technology NOW.
Improved Capabilities
Virtualization technologies will
Quote from: The Future of Server Acquisition and Deployment, Andrew Butler, Vice President & Research Area Leader, Server Technologies, Gartner, March 2004.

Lower Costs
Enterprises that do not leverage virtualization will pay up to 40 percent more in acquisition costs by 2008, and roughly 20 percent more in administrative costs
Quotes from: The Future of Server Virtualization, T. Bittman, Gartner Research Note, July 2003.

increase the ability to effectively consolidate to larger servers.


Virtualization technologies will also make distributed small servers

easier to manage, re-provision and use efficiently.

Business Competitiveness
*All 3rd party names and brands are property of their respective owners.

Bringing Virtualization Mainstream


Business Benefits of Virtualization

Enhanced Flexibility Better Utilization Improved Security

Virtualization Technology is the most significant change to PC architecture this decade"


- eWeek, Martin Reynolds, Gartner

"We are on record as saying that Intel

Technology Benefits of Virtualization

Stable Environment Cross Platform Lower Costs

Parallelism
Performance
MULTI-CORE

Performance

Performance per watt Throughput Scalability

SINGLE-CORE

2000

2004
FORECAST

2008+

An Industry Inflection Point

An Evolution That Started 10 Years Ago


Example: 2-way Server Processor Evolution 1995
Symmetric Multi-processing

2002
Hyper-Threading

2005+
Multi-Core

2-way SMP system 2 Cores

2 Threads

2-way SMP system 2 Cores

4 Threads

2-way SMP system 4 Cores

8+ Threads

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More than a decade of multi-threaded experience Enabling development and optimizing software performance
Optimal Business Value By Aligning Hardware and Software Capabilities
All dates and products specified are for planning purposes only and are subject to change.

Multi-Core Everywhere
Intel dual core volume exiting 2006*
Desktop Performance Server

>70% Dual Core

>85% Dual / Multi-Core >70% Dual Core

17 multi-core CPU projects


(3 in production)

Desktop Client

Mobile Performance

Intel Single core to Multi-core shipments

Server & Workstation

2005 2005

2006 2006

2007 2007

Mobile client www.intel.com/go/multi-core

Bringing Parallelism to Everyone


All products and dates are preliminary and subject to change without notice. *Data is run-rate exiting the year

Example: Efficiency
Optimizing Density, Power Efficiency & Cost

A Comprehensive Approach to Power / Thermal Challenges


Silicon Advances
Multi-core Processors Lower Power Cores Micro-architecture Process Technology

Platform Advances
Up to 24% Energy Savings
(DBS with Enhanced Intel Speed Step Technology)

Up to 57% improved density


(Power Prediction & Monitoring) Power Efficient Memory (DDR2)

Enhanced Utilization (Virtualization) Software Optimization (Tools / compilers)

64-bit Architectures
Current Architecture Or Solutions Transition Benefits
Exceptional Performance with Choice of OS, SW & HW Vendors

Architecture of Choice

Mainframe Mainframe Architecture Architecture

Intel Architecture 32 bit

Intel EM64T Great Performance for 32-bit applications

2 million+ 64-bit processors already shipped from Intel


Complimentary architectures

64-bit Transition Accelerates


100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% Q3'04 Q4'04 Q1'05 Q2'05
Source: Intel

64-bit

32-bit

Q3'05

Q4'05

Customer Successes

Linux on Intel-Based Servers: Delivering Results


2-3x faster than best RISC Best I/O of all servers tested

5 months: Test-to-deployment 3x better price/performance 99.99% uptime for 24 / 7 trading 3-5 X performance improvement over previous IBM AIX-based system

Data turns decreased from days to hours

Data turns decreased from days to hours

Prior systems IBM w/AIX 2.5x ! in performance CPU consolidation ratio: ~3:1

Query time from 30 min. to seconds TCO down by 67%

Switching from Unix to Linux on Intel-based servers!! Switching from Unix to Linux on Intel-based servers

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