Você está na página 1de 24
Problems We Must Solve In By COL. GEORGE W. MIXTER, Vice-President and General Manager 1920’
Problems We Must Solve In By COL. GEORGE W. MIXTER, Vice-President and General Manager 1920’

Problems We Must Solve In

By COL. GEORGE W. MIXTER, Vice-President and General Manager


The Information We Should Have In Order to Carry Out Successfully the Programme Arranged for Our Accomplishment This Year


How many of you realize that

the Pierce-Arrow Family is not all

here in Buffalo

important parts of the family are spread all over the United States, and to an extent, over the world. There are about four thousand different stockholders who have, in effect, loaned the Company the money with which to do business. This money provides buildings, machine.ry and tools, and pays for raw materials and wages until such time as the money paid out for material and wages can be returned by the sale of the cars and trucks we manufacture.

? In fact, two very

There are about seven thousand people at the plant in Buffalo; which means that, including the families, about twenty-five thou- sand people in this city depend

directly on the Pierce-Arrow tor Car Company as a source of income. The money received by the

Company from day to day comes

The money received by the Company from day to day comes MO- from the Agents who


from the Agents who buy our cars

and trucks.

We hav




seventy-five dealers the United States who



over one hundred stores for the sale of the product that you men build in the factory. The factory could not continue to run a month without the dealers who are, therefore, a very important part of the big family. The dealers in turn sell our cars and trucks to users, and the dealer gets the money he sends to Buf- falo from the money he receives

the money he sends to Buf- falo from the money he receives from the users of
the money he sends to Buf- falo from the money he receives from the users of

from the users of our cars and trucks. Unless we build our cars and trucks of the highest quality, and at a low cost, quality con-

sidered, we cannot hope to con- tinue to sell and increase our sales to the users. The money which the Company pays out really comes from the

people that buy our cars and


out this year eight hundred thou- sand dollars to the stockholders, about seven hundred thousand in

taxes, over ten million dollars in wages, and over twenty million dollars for material.

The company will pay

It is difficult to tell

.a11 of the

members of the family about the


fortunate in having The Arrow

available every month, and it

the policy of the Management. to

You are particularly



tell you through The Arrow of problems of the business, and plans to meet these problems.

The great responsibility of a foreman for the management of

his part of the business is seldom

fully understood.

he must get out the work nomically and on time.

times we forgot that he not only

represents the Company

working under


or poor workmen

that a man does a day ’s work, and does it well; try to fit the right men into the right job for which they are specially suited. The wages the business can afford to pay depend on the efficiency of the whole organization, and every time a foreman permits an incom- petent or dissolute man to con- tinue not doing his share, some- thing is being taken from the good men.


We all know


resents every man

He must have no loafers

; he must see





At the very top of the motor car industry stands the name



Evidently the family cannot prosper unless money, men and customers all pull together. It is the job of the Management to take care of all of these interests, see that they do pull together, and that every one gets a square deal.


Your per-




reqmre you t

- A R R O W . Your per- o interests . reqmre you t guard

guard this good name. If a sin- gle car or truck leaves this plant that has in it one defective part, it

tiii not only cost money to

just the matter with the customer.



but m ake additional sales to that custo m er less likely. In other

words, there will be less available for wages.

Quali,v is the first essential, but we must get over the idea that

it is necessary to throw away

money to get high quality. Al-

most any school-boy can lay out

a mess of cylinders, pistons, cams,

levers, springs, and hang a lot of

Christ m as tree tri

and call it an engine, but it takes

a great engineer, like David


word in results with a si

clean, econo m ical design that will work started right. give service for one hundred thou-

sand miles.

m an with a s

big job to get the tools ready, and rearrange the shop for this new

During this rearrange

Indecision the Cause of Many Failures

indecision is the direct cause of

a large percentage of failures and

a man must decide for hi

money work.

m ent


m self

you may find your own work up-

set. Talk to your fore

your proble

m ind , “the


m an about

m s, always bearing in

m an worth while is

more prosperous

m ile when every- quickly or subordinate his opinion

to others and beco


clinging vine

m ing at



thing goes dead wrong,” and re-

m ember that you are all ai

a greater and

m e eventually

’ or a ship without



m -


ready to back yourself, even though you may make a wrong move once in a while. You may fail, not only once,

mm ings on it, Pierce-Arrow Motor Car Co

pany- Your own personal busi-

m anly, square

m an that takes these m ile sue- ; prove your own i -and- un-
m an that takes these
m ile
sue- ;
-and- un-
m uch it, as
mp loyer.
m ake these. “Snap
to a
m an filledwith

Shirking will not hurt

Fer- ness interests require that you get

the work out right, and get it out

to acco

mp lish the last

mp on le, ti m e,and help get the new

These things we have talked about can best be told to you through the Arrow. There is an- other very great service the Ar- row can render, not only the Pierce-Arrow organization, but to the whole country, and that is to continually help its readers clear to others the principles of m the ak- Constitution of the United States. The Arrow can tell each

of you how to help the people

with whom you come in contact realize their responsibility as

ezns, arouse their self-interest and

arouse their patriotic loyalty. Each one of you can give to those with whom you come in contact a bet-

ter understanding of so

efforts of today to overthrow our


radical agitator who is taking ad-

vantage of organized labor to

bore fro


but several ti m es. Every person fails more times than he succeeds,

but it

little slaps of Fate with a s

’s the

Any kind of a shop can get out

set of parts for an engine, leave





some won

ity product and get the quality

rapidly and econo ing the parts right.

few thousandths for fitting, and

you have enough experts with

file, so

me engines will work, and ’t.W e must build qual-

m ically by

engines will work, and ’t.W e must build qual- m ically by Every m an or


m an or woman in the

Pierce-Arrow organization is re- sponsible for his or her particular job and it is essential for your individual success that your work

be well and econo

W e propose to increase the out- put of the Pierce-Arrow plant so

that regardless of how rapidly and economically the work be exe-

cuted, there will be

study and find out how and why he failed that will eventually teed.

m ake You must

duties through fair

biased consideration of the inter- ’

ests of your e mp

One ’s own work is the only

standard by which an e mp loyer can gauge, and when the ti m e comes to choose between two men for a pro motion, it is going to be ’ the efficient and loyal worker who

is chosen.

m e of the You can see that you are in

reality working for yourself, no



your work nearly as will hurt you; and for

atter who hands you your pay

well co mp leted your gain is


than that of your e To decide

evidences - of a strong character


m ically done.

largely through the

m w

ithin and force the

_ m ically done. largely through the m w ithin and force the more than principles

more than principles of anarchy upon the

American people.

enough work for everybody, and

prosperity through pro those who are thoroughly co

motion for mpe- It is only through enlightened

public opinion founded on the


and good judg m en as

tent and render excellent service.

Do your part to prosperous.

m ake yourself wisdo

m ent of have the will with which

such work

Pierce - Arrow organization, that

this evil can be eradicated, and

the A

m itted to sail the seas of industry toward the harbor of greater pros-

perity and success.

greatest thought The Arrow can

carry to its readers.

m ake up The

and it takes a strong, healthy;:


and power to

d ecisions.


W e are building

A large nu

and power to d ecisions. II W e are building A large nu For next fall

For next fall ship


m ind in a body of subtleny!

m erican Ship of State per-

This is the


could you or

vital question



more passen-

mber of the

ger cars than we have ever built


cars now being worked on in the

shops have already been sold to


point the custo

W e must not disap-

m er if WC want his

point the custo W e must not disap- m er if WC want his good will

good will and future business. In

other words, we the schedule.

;r welcoAe .with m s the m an whose dynar certain; . ,. . 1
m s the
m an whose dynar

Work and save for

peace and

No, you would

m ust keep up to

m ent we will It is a


Savings Certificates. Ask any foreman.

B u y Treasury

open ar



ic brain was filled with thoughts

assurance, confidence,

m any new designs.





Farewell Instructions Given to Student Officers at Fort Sheridan, by Major C. A. Bach, a Quiet Un- assu m ing Officer Acting as an Instructor. It is* the Best Co mposition on“Leadership” Ever Recorded and as Well Applicable to Officials of Industry as to Military Officials.

confidence, moral

self-sacrifice, paternalism, fair- ness, initiative, decision, dignity,


Let me discuss these with you in detail. Self-confidence results,

first, fro

ond, the ability to i


m exact knowledge; sec-

mpart that

ability to i ascendency, m exact knowledge; sec- mpart that knowledge; and, third, the feeling of

knowledge; and, third, the feeling of superiority over others that naturally follows. All these give the officer poise.

In a short time each of you men will. control the lives of a

number of other men.

have in your charge loyal but un-

trained citizens, who look to for instructiqns and guidance. Your word will be their law.

Your most casual remark will be

remembered. will be aped.


manner of command will be imi-


When you join your organiza- tion you will find there a willing body of men, who ask from you nothing more than the qualities

that will co

their loyalty and their obedience.

In a few days the great mass of

To lead, you must know-you may bluff all your men some of the ti me, but you can ’t do it all the time. Men will not have con- fidence in an officer unless he knows his business, and he must know it from the ground up.

Knowledge Is Power

The officer should know more about paper work than his first

sergeant and company clerk put together; he should know more about messing than his mess ser-


horse than his troop farrier. He should be at least as good a shot as any man in his company.

If the officer does not know, and demonstrates the fact that he does not know, it is entirely hu-

man for the soldier to say to him-


doesn ’t know as much about this

as 1 do,”

the instructions received.

‘certain you men will receive commissions

as officers.

These commissions

will not

make you leaders; they


They will place you in a position

where you can become leaders if you possess the proper qualities. But you must make good-not so much with the men over you as with the men under you.

merely make you officers.

Chance to Beco

m e Leaders

men is not enthusiasm but

ey go with doubt


You will


Your mannerisms Your clothing, your

your vocabulary, your

Men must and will follow into battle officers who are not leaders, but the driving power behind


discipline. Th

and trembling and with an awful fear tugging at their heartstrings

that prompts the unspoken ques- tion, “ What will he do next?

Such men obey the letter of their orders, but no more. Of devotion to their commander, of exalted enthusiasm which scorns personal risk, of their self-sacri- fice to insure his personal safety, they know nothing. Their legs

carry the

brain and their training tell the

they must go. not go with them.

Great results are not achieved by cold, passive, unresponsive soldiers. They don ’t go very far,

and they stop as soon as they can.

more about diseases of the

mmand their respect,

They are perfectly ready and

quabties. When the ti

eager to follow you so long as you

can convince the


co m es that they are satisfied you

do not possess the

we ll kiss yourself goodby. Your usefuhress in that organization is

at an and.

Leaders and Followers

m that you have

m e

“To hell with him. He

and calmly disregards

m you might as

There is no substitute for ac-

Become so

med that men will hunt

curate knowledge.

well infor

m forward because their

Their spirit does

well infor m forward because their Their spirit does o t h e r , you


you up to ask questions; that your

brother m officers will say to one an-

“Ask Smith-he knows.

And not only should each of-

ficer know thoroughly the duties of his own grade, but he should study those of the two grades next above-him. A twofold ben-

efit attaches to this.

hi m self for duties which

to his lot at any ti

tle: he further gains a broader

He prepares

m e


the standpoint of society,

the world may be divided into leaders and followers. The pro- fessions have their leaders, the

financial world has its leaders. We have religious leaders, and poli- tical leaders, and society leaders. In all this leadership it is difficult, if not impossible, to separate from

the ele

that selfish ele

gain or advantage to the individ- ual, without which such leadership would lose its value.

It is in the military service only, where men freely sacrifice their

lives for a faith, where

willing to suffer and die for the right of the prevention of a great wrong, that we can hope to realize

leadership in its

and distinguished sense. There-



Leadership not only de m ands but

receives the willing, unhesitating,

unfaltering obedience and loyalty

may fall

ment of pure leadership

me during bat-


ment of personal


other m en; and a devotion that


ill cause the

m , when the ti


m es, to follow their uncrowned

kii to hell and back again if


You will ask yourself:


“O f

viewpoint which enables him to appreciate the necessity for the

suance of orders and join more in-

telligently in their execution.

men are just what, then, does leadership


come a leader?

What must 1 do to be-

Not only

but he

he knows into

e r ? What must 1 do to be- Not only but he he knows into

must the officer know,

must be able to put what

gra mm tical, a inter-

know, must be able to put what gra mm tical, a inter- most exalted What are
know, must be able to put what gra mm tical, a inter- most exalted What are

most exalted

What are the at-
What are the at-

1 am told that in British train-

self- ing ca mps student officers are re-

esting, forceful English. He must

learn to stand on his feet and speak without embarrassment.

tributes of leadership, and how can I cultivate the m !” Leadership is a composite of

a number of qualities. Among the

most important 1 would list

when I say leadership, I


4 quired to deliver ten- on any subject they That is excellent practice. to speak clearly,

quired to deliver ten-

on any subject they That is excellent practice.

to speak clearly, one

clearly, and clear, logical think- ing expresses itself in definite, pos- itive orders.

Value of Self-control

m inute talks BE AN EXAMPLE TO YOUR

m ay choose. MEN . An officer can be a power


for good or a power for evil.

m ust think Don ’t preach to the

tive, self-reliance and self-respect.

I refer to the paternalis

m anifests itself in a watchful care


m -that will for the co

m fort and welfare of

be worse than useless. Live the

kind of life you would have the

lead, and you will be surprised

to see the nu

those in your charge. m

Spirit of Self-sacrifice

m ber that will i

m itate Soldiers are

much like children.

m ore m fort thanof

m ust see that they

much like children. m ore m fort thanof m ust see that they think you. A




loud- m outhed. profane cap-


ter, food and clothing, the best

that your ut -



m ust see that they have shel-

m ost efforts canpro-

m ust be far

Wh ile self-confidence is the re-


moral ascendency over the

based upon your belief that you

m an.To gain and

sult of knowing



are the better

m aintain this ascendency you

have self-control, physical vitality

and endurance and

m ore than your tain who is careless of his personal

appearance m will have a loud mouthed, profane, dirty co Remember what I tell you. Your must co m pany will be the reflection of


If you have a rotten

mpany. solicitous of their co

your own. You

have food to eat before you


your own; that they have each


good a bed as can be provided

m oral force. co m pany, it will be because you

are a rotten captain.


ti me . You w


m ust have yourself so well

For if you, by


before you consider where

w ill sleep. You m ust look after

their health.

in hand that, even though in bat-

tle you be scared stiff, you will

never show fear.


or a tre

a change of expression, or a hasty

order hastily revoked, indicate


Self-sacrifice is essential to lead-

You w

ill give, give all the ill give of yourself

to lead- You w ill give, give all the ill give of yourself You m ustconserve


m ustconserve de m anding


their strength by not

needless exertion or useless labor.

m uch as a hurried

m ove m physically, ent for the longest hours,

the hardest work and the greatest responsibility is the lot of the cap-

is the first



at night.



m bling of the hands, or

And by doing all these

you are

breathii life into what

will make

m an up in

would be otherwise a mere ma-

chine. You are creating a soul in

m ental condition, it will be

m orning and the last m&n in

He works while others

ill give of yourself

in sy

m pathy and apprecia-

for the troubles of

reflected in your

m en in a far

greater degree.

In garrison or ca

m p,

your disposition.
your disposition.

stances will arise to try your te

the organization that

the mass respond to you as though

it were one man. esprit.

m any Sy in- m pathy Is Necessary m -

You w

m es tally, tion

And that is


per and wreck the sweetness of

If at such ti

m en- And when your organization

instead of your constantly looking

out for the

m en has in this esprit you will wake


m other the tables have been turned


you “fly off the handle,” you have

no business to be in charge of

men . For

do things that they al variably regret afterward.

m en in anger say and

An officer should never

gixe to his

your charge. This one

has died, and that one has lost


m e m orning and discover that


m ost in- his savings in a bank failure. They

m ay desire help, but

anything else they desire sy

m ore than even a hint fro

m , they have, without


you, taken up

the m task - of looking out for you.

You w

apolo- pathy.

m en; also an officer

ill find that a detail is al-

Don ’t

m ake the

m istake of ways there to see that your tent,

if you have one, is pro

ed; that the

should never be guilty of an act for which his sense of justice tells him he should apologize.

Another ele

m ent in gaining

ral ascendency lies in the posses-

sion of enough physical vitality and endurance to withstand the hardships to which you and your

m en are subjected, and a daunt-

less spirit that enables you to not

only accept the


m ini m ize their

turning such

state m ent that you have troubles

of your own, for every ti

you mo - do YOU KNOCK A STONE



m en down with the


mptly pitch-

most and the cleanest

m e that bedding is brought to your tent;

and the cleanest m e that bedding is brought to your tent; that fro m so

that fro m so m e mysterious source

two N eggs have been added to your

supper when no one else has any:

that an extra m an is helping your


m en are,your foundation,

m .


en give your horse a



groo m ing

that your wishes


anticipated: that every m an is

“Johnny on the spot.” And then you have arrived.

Fairness is


ele ment

w ithout

neither be built up nor

wh ich leadership.



and your house of leadership will

tu m ble about your ears unless it

rests securely upon the

Finally, you will give of your own slender financial resources. You w ill frequently spend your own money to conserve the health

and well-being of your assist the m when erally you get your Very frequently you

it to profit and loss.

in trouble.

cheerfully but

m agnitude.


M ake light of your troubles, belittle your trials and you will help vitally to build up within your organization an esprit whose

value in ti

m easured.

m aintain-

m en or ed. to


m ust be first that fair-

m e of stress cannot be

to Cen- m ust be first that fair- m e of stress cannot be ness which

ness which treats all

m en justly.

m oney back.

I do not say alike,

foryou cannot

m ust charge treat all


fro m




m en alike-that would

Moral force is the third ele

m ent When I say that paternalis

m ing that all

the sa

m en are cut

in gaining


clean, you

brain power to see the right and

m oral ascendency. To

you brain power to see the right and m oral ascendency. To m e piece; that

m e piece; that there

m oral force you

m ust live essential to leadership I use the

is no such thing as individualitv

or a personal equation. (Another Installment of this Article will aDpear in the April A ’rrow)

m ust have sufficient

ter m in its better sense. I do not

of m pater- mofeninitia-

nalis m wh

ich robs

now refer to that for

the will to do right.

the United States spire confidence to knock the props from under those who purposely a,nd

the United States

spire confidence to knock the props from under those who


a,nd assail it. That each and every

disfort its meaning



I Constitution of

The Arrow believes that the


of the United

States would be popularized if

c:itizcn had

. every liberty loving

a more definite knowledge of

its provisions and a clearer

dcrstanding of how its spirit

meeting of the Legislature, which shall then fill such vacancies.)

o person shall be a Sen-

ator who shall not have attained the age of thirty years, and been nine years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when

elected, be an inhabitant of that state for which he shall be chosen.

4. The Vice President of the

3. N

un- ite may be familiar with

C’onstitution and its eighteen

.nnd letter protects us



The Arrow will

infringement upon life, liberty

publish in



or property without recourse

March and

April issues, the

to due process of law.


complete tert of both, first


lo properly interpret it will


stallment of which follows:

United States shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no vote unless they be equally di- vided.

5. The Senate shall choose

their other

officers, and also a

We, the people of the United

of ten years, in such manner as

president pro tempore. in the ab-


The Senate shall have the

States, in order to form a more

they shall by law direct.,


sence of the Vice President, or

perfect Union,

establish justice,

number of Representatives


when he shall exercise the office

insure domestic tranquility, pro- vide for the common defense, pro-

not exceed one for every thirty thousand, but each state shall have

of President of the United States.

mote the general welfare, and se-

at least one Representative; and

sole power to try all impeach-

cure the blessings of liberty to our-

until such enumeration shall be


When sitting for that pur-

selves and our posterity, do or-

made, the State of New Hamp-

pose. they shall be on oath

or a&-

dain and establish this constitution

shire shall be entitled to choose


When the President of

fbr the United States of America.

three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode

the United States is tried, the Chief

ARTICLE 1. Section All legislative powers



granted shall be vested in a Con-

gress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives. Section 2.

I. The House of Represen- tatives shall be composed of mem-

bers chosen

the people of the several states,

and the electors in each state shall

have the qualifications

for electors of the most numerous

branch of the state Legislature.

eveiy second year by


2. No person shall be a


second year by requisite 2. No person shall be a rcpre- sentative who shall not have

sentative who shall not have at- tained to the age of twenty-five years, and been seven years a cit- izen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an in- habitant of that state in which he shall be chosen. 3. (Representatives and di-

in which he shall be chosen. 3. (Representatives and di- rect taxes shall be apportioned among

rect taxes shall be apportioned among the several states which may be included within this Un-

ion, according to their respective


mined by adding to the whole number of free persons, including those bound to service for a term of years, and excluding Indian:

not taxed, three-fifths of all oth-

er persons.) The actual

ation shall be made within three years after the first meeting of the

Congress of the

which shall be deter-


United States,

and within every subsequent term

Island and

tions one, Connecticut five, New

York six, New Jersey four, Penn- sylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, South Carolina five and Georgia three.

Providence Planta-

4. When vacancies happen in

the Representation from any

the executive authority thereof shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies.

5. The House of Representa- tives shall choose their speaker and other officers; and shall have the sole power of impeachment. Section 3.

(The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each state, chosen

by the Legislature thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote.)



six years; and each Senator shall have one vote.) state, I. 2. Immediately after t h

2. Immediately



shall be assembled in conse-

quence of the first election, they shall be divided as equally as may

be into three classes.

of the Senators of the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the second year, of the second


fourth year, and of the third class at the expiration of the sixth year, so that one-third may be chosen every second year; and if vacan- cies happen by resignation, or oth-


Legislature of any state, the exec- utive thereof may make tempor- ary appointments (until the next

The seats

at the expiration of the

during the recess of the

Justice shall preside; and no per- son shall be convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds of the members present.

7. Judgment in cases of im-

peachment shall not extend fur- ther than to removal from office,

and disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of honor, trust or profit under the United States; but the party convicted shall nev- ertheless be liable and subject to indictment, trial, judgment and punishment, according to law. Section 4.

The times, places and man- ner of holding elections for Sena-


times, places and man- ner of holding elections for Sena- I. tors and Representatives. shall be

tors and Representatives. shall be prescribed in each State by the Legislature thereof; but the Con- gress may at any time by law make or alter such regulations, except as to the places of choosing sen-

ators. 2. The Congress shall assem- ble at least once in every year, and such meeting shall be on the first Monday in December, unless they shall by law appoint a different day.

Section 5.

I. Each House shall be the judge of the elections, returns and qualifications of its own members,

and a majority of each shall con- stitute a quorum to do business; but a smaller number may ad- journ from day to day, and may be authorized to compel the at- tendance of absent members, in


01) Page 16.






- -- ---



MARCH, 1920

in the interests

of the


d the



me we woke up to the fact that through

our neglect, the true blue American professors,

teachers and ministers have been underpaid while

It is ti




Y the propagandists have been well paid for dangling their wares before. the eyes of our youth.


us pay our educators salaries commensurate

mportance of their profession and their

with the i

ability, then take sufficient interest in the

of our country and our homes to see that only such educators are employed as believe firmly in our government, its constitution and its institutions.




Major Robert Davis, U. S. A., former pastor of the Brick Presbyterian Church of New York City,

who has been in Russia the greater part of the past year, in published articles and letters gives an un-

colored picture of the Soviet government of

gives an un- colored picture of the Soviet government of Khar- kof, Russia, a city of


kof, Russia, a city of approximately three quarters

of a

m illion inhabitants, a city of industry and a





Am’t Editor







Albany, N. Y., Feb.

2.Ctate Comm

issioner of

education Finley calls on every community in this state to realize that the minimum salary for teachers must be sufficient to meet living conditions.

“A large percentage of teachers,” he said, “are leaving the service to enter other professions The above press dispatch is but one of a great number of articles on the subject appearing re-

cently in the public press as fro

country and particularly from the eastern states is- sues a great cry for teachers and educators in gen-

eral but the cry see

lieving the shortage as the profession of education

offers but little induce

to render valued service and all because of the meager compensation offered. An unappreciative and indifferent people have not yet awakened to their responsibility in the mat- ter nor to a realization of the rank injustice it is to ask the brains of our educational system who

have spent years in patient study and energetic ef- fort to acquire the knowledge necessary to fitness in their profession to accept a pittance for their serv- ices that will hardly clothe and feed them. The result of that indifference is now reflected in the great shortage of teachers and brings out the news that many professors, teachers and ministers have taken positions in industry and as secretaries of business service organizations where their serv- ices and ability are appreciated and rewarded by

good salaries.

equal advantages are offered them in their regular profession that they will stay in their new fields rather than return to the service of an unappreciative

public. Th e purveyors of propaganda long ago per-

ceived that an excellent plan of selling their goods was through the medium of our educational sys- te m and we have been quite forcibly reminded of the success of their plan by finding on the teaching staff of our schools and universities Socialists, Co

munists and near Bolsheviks.

m all parts of the city of a size in which a fair test of Soviet prin-

ciples of government could be made.

says that industry broke down due to the absence

of managers who were instantly removed when the

Major Davis

m s to be of little avail in re-

ment today to those qualified Bolshevists obtained control; men are not allowed

to raise their hats to wo

pressed, hotels were closed to the use of anyone but the commissaries (the title given Bolshevist of- ficials) and the officers of the Red Ar school system that had been an admirable one, was changed to meet with the requirements of the

Soviet principles as such refor were put into effect:

Private schools abolished, examinations abol- ished, jurisdiction of faculty over students abolished. the study of grammar abolished as a superfluous subject, the study of geometry and physics abol- ished, Easter and Christmas holidays abolished and

the study of law abolished.

cars, carriages. Victrolas, typewriters, ca

sical instru

men; newspapers were sup-

my. The

m s as the following

men; newspapers were sup- my. The m s as the following Persons having motor mL- meras,

Persons having motor



ments or private libraries were told that

Hence, it is a certainty. that unless

they must file an inventory of such possessions with the commissary as they were declared to be the

property of the state.

Another- peculiar order issued was that no per- son might move his effects from one domicile to another nor buy at any store or transport material through the streets without a permit from the com- missary.

Hospitals were told not to treat Brights


because m - it was a sugar disease, nor to treat gout

’s because only the bourgeoise got it.

This, one of Buffalo

fore most patriotic citizens learned to his sorrow the

Stocks of retail stores were seized without


other day when conversing with his daughter who

pensation to the owners who were informed


had just returned from one of the prominent col-

leges of the East.

she was trying to convert him to parlor Socialism,

He was astonished to find that

him to parlor Socialism, He was astonished to find that but his is not an exceptional
him to parlor Socialism, He was astonished to find that but his is not an exceptional

but his is not an exceptional case as there are more good American parents who have had their

progeny return to them from schools and colleges

with their craniu

prepared to teach Daddy the new ideas.

m s ja mmed full of isms and fully

they were a parasite class and enemies of the state.

Results, ambition killed, initiative buried,


and many suffering reigning supre

initiative buried, ,+t and many suffering reigning supre And such is the jazz-like me. mess of

And such is the jazz-like




that the tourists on the Ark Buford would to have in our declining days and to hand posterity.




-us ’

do& to


WHEN BUFFALO WAS A VILLAGE . Buflalo Harbor in I825 From the New Canal “Memoir” ofthat


Buflalo Harbor in I825

From the New Canal

“Memoir” ofthat year

--coUrte.y d Bulhlo Hhxicd


This picture is interesting for

pal part of the town appears to have along the harbor. While this

princi- drawing may have exaggerated it,

the types of lake craft shown and

for the elevation, which the

it is certain that there was a

ed rise to the natural level of the old Terrace.


( ‘

Buffalo Harbor in 1829

From original water color: drawn by George W. Smith

-COU~Y d BUIW Him&al


This picture is of high value for

us Main Street at Exchange, which


the buildings of that time were drawn. The foreground shows

evident accuracy with which in 1829 was Crow Street.

It be-

came Exchange Street in 1836.

On the north-east corner is a

vacant lot, which was Louis Le Couteulx ’s garden and the

stantial house adjoining was the

Le Couteulx ’s residence.


By William F. Bayer, Safety Engineer. - - - In every human relation we find

By William F. Bayer, Safety Engineer. - -


In every human relation we find

the expr.ession of self sacrifice.

The soldier lays down his life for

the safety of his country. The

doctor sacrifices himself to save his patient; the fireman to save

,of his

neighbors. This list could be extended al- most indefinitely for when closely

could be extended al- most indefinitely for when closely the lives and property analyzed almost every

the lives and property

analyzed almost every human be-

ing earns and maintains his living by practicing safety in some form or other. This being the case it must be

evident that the person

spends his time decrying the Safe-

ty movement simply exhibits his lack of knowledge of its funda- mental principles.



Now, let us see how the ex-

pression of this principle has ben-

efited the employes of

Arrow Motor Car Company, by comparing the number and sever-

ity of accidents for the four years

ending December 3


1, 19 19.

We select this period because

it was not until January

that the Pierce-Arrow Safety

Committee, organized as at pres-

ent, became an effective


time several months were spent in preliminary safeguarding of ma-

chines and conditions that inves-. tigation proved to have occasion- ed accidents. A close analysis of the monthly reports from January 1, 1916, to January 1, 1920, will

show a steadily decreasing

Ler of accidents and their causes.

I, I9



Previous to this



Covering the period from Jan-


I, 1916, to October

I, 1919,

we find that the work of the Safety Committee has been so well supported by every department

of the factory that while the num- ber of employes had doubled the :,vhole number of accidents occur- ring were less than the average

for the

smiller number of


ployes. This is also true of the

severity rate.

From October


I9 19, to February

I, 1920, we

have steadily improved, January,

1920, showing a all previous figures.

100% gain over

1Desire of Real


Again we desire to call atten- tion to the fact that the results so far achieved are due to the expression of that desire on the part of all real men to do all they can to prevent injury and suffering of their kind.

This we see illustrated every


immediately someone proffers aid, without stopping for particulars. It is this spirit we must make use of before the accident occurs to make Safety First an assured fact for everyone.

&et an accident occur and

an assured fact for everyone. &et an accident occur and How best to arouse this spirit

How best to arouse this spirit

in the plant or city is the prob- lem that confronts us at the start.

The two great factors in


safeguarding. Education will pre-

vent a greater number of acci-


vent more serious accidents. Edu- cation brings the greatest results for the least money, and is there- fore favored by the employer. Safeguarding suggests laws, in- spections, the big stick and is the

favorite and generally the only method used by the state. Education without safeguarding


are education and

will pre-


is not sincere; safeguarding with- out education is of the same stripe. Either one without the other will attain but a limited success. Our experience has amply dem- onstrated that safeguarding first formed the base upon which we could erect our educational work and only in proportion as we dem- onstrate our sincerity by providing safeguards first, could we secure the co-operation of effective safe- ty committees and the general co- operation of the workers. The employer who said some years ago that all accidents were due to carelessness and that in- spection requirements were ab- surd and oppressive was not en- tirely wrong. Many inspection requirements were both absurd and oppressive

and the reason

therefor was the

disposition of some employers to regard a safety organization as

much camouflage to cover up glaring defects in his mechanical




The pendulum at times has swung far in each direction but with a better knowledge of the safety problems, the safety move- ment of today seems to be head- ed in the right direction. N Safety Engineer worthy of the name today would attempt an educational campaign until he had first corrected the evident physical hazards in sight. It has come to be an accepted fact in accident protection that considerable safeguarding of ma- chines and processes must take place before the active co-opera- tion of the average worker can be obtained. This means real work on the


part of the

not alone must the employee be

Shfety Committee for

convinced, but in many instances

the employer,

Safety campaign, forgets all about

it until some serious accident

after starting. a



to the employer that Safety only

It is then brought home

b ecomes




exists a real desire to help


other fellow and then only when

it includes a persistent

the causes of accidents and their




dicate that the tuberculous were not average susceptible to the dis-


tuberculous were not average susceptible to the dis- ease. Dr. B. Armstrong found considerable proof of
tuberculous were not average susceptible to the dis- ease. Dr. B. Armstrong found considerable proof of

Dr. B. Armstrong found

considerable proof of this in his

analysis of the first wave of the

epidemic in

that wave, I6 per cent, of the

Framingham. In

general population were affected,

while only 4 per cent of the culous were attacked.

tuber- In the In
In the

‘Don ’t Worry” Is Good Motto

to Follow in Co

mbating “Flu”

Use Your Will-Power and Don

Surveys in Buffalo and Other Cities Indicate that

There Are Few After -Effects from Influenza

’t Borrow Trouble--

(By Dr. A.

5. Hubbard


“Don ’t worry.”

list of 33,880 is a very s number.

- Of the 206 cases of rheuma- tis m , 128 persons had recovered and seventy-eight were improving. Of the twenty-three persons claim-

ing to have disease of the urinary organs due to influenza eighteen had recovered and five were im-


thirty indivi-

nervous diseases,

duals had recovered and sixteen

were i

This is a good motto to use

in combating influenza.

borrow trouble and allow the

m ind to become confused over

conditions that may never happen.

The proper use of your

er and mental machinery will go

a long way toward overcoming a

tendency toward this disease. Dr. F. E. Fronczak and Dr. F.

C Gram had the Buffalo health

department make a survey to de- termine the after-effects of the in-

fluenza epidemic of

found that in this city 33,880 cases of the disease had been re- ported; 3,179 persons had died

and 28,663 reported that they had fully recovered; I.290 could not be located. At the time of


Don ’t

will pow-

Of the forty-six cases of


The survey indicated that there

is re

markably little after effects

fro m

influenza, considering the

gravity of the constitutional volvment.

1Tube rc 1t!z$ 1

u 1l os

i s


The report says:

One fact is

definitely established and that is

that we have nothing to fear from tuberculosis as a sequel to influ- enza.”


a t u ra


and Acqu

I mm

it y . Were the husky and strong more susceptible to pneumonia

. Were the husky and strong more susceptible to pneumonia and influenza during the epidemic than

and influenza during the epidemic than were other members of


heaviest on men and women in

the pri

Vigor and right living see

predispose rather than to protect.

Pregnant women were the worst sufferers, but the predisposition

It certainly bore the

me of life and strength.

I9 18. They

the March fluenza.
the March

visit 748 persons

clai med that they had not fully recovered from the effects of in-

Seven hundred and forty-eight

mall percentage of 33,880

Two months later,

is a s

and the report indicates that the

after-effects of influenza are not


a second call was made on the

i red



748. At the time of the second

visit it was found that four had

died, 501 had fully recovered,

2 I6 reported that they were im- proving and twenty-seven claimed

that they were no better. A close study developed

twenty-eight cases of consump-


found to be on

known to have consumption prior


cases did it appear certain that the disease had developed after the


Of these,



‘the list of persons see med to be a product of the

18. In only eight

October, 19

Eight cases fro

group of arrested tuberculosis, only 2 per cent had influenza. Washington it was found that the disease was much less prevalent

among negroes and this may have been due to the higher infection

fro m tuberculosis a

In Framingham, 2.16 per cent. of the entire poulation have tuber-


compared with a rate of 4.85 per

mall cent among the Irish and 0.48 per cent among the Italians. Dublin observations in New York State show about the same proportions.

mong negroes.

active and arrested, as


On the other hand. in

ham during the wave the ltalians

had four ti as the Irish.

that there is considerable ground

for the opinion that the repeated

acute respiratory infections

ing during tuberculosis produce a

certain. degree of i

fluenza or to the secondary infec- tions which produce most of the symptoms.


mes as much influenza Armstrong holds


mmunity to in-




t age



G ood



lt h

Statistics, furnished us by the

officials of the ar

boards, show that a great number


service are physically unfit for such work.

There are many ways to look

at this condition, but two that are

of importance, present themselves

to me.

take care of hi

my examining


men tithin the age for ar

The man who does not

m self is the biggest

loser, in that he loses unnecessary

time and wages because of being sick, and if well enough to work in a condition below par, he can-

med to not hope to compete for a better

job with a man who is in first class physical condition.

country cannot do its work and compete with the rest of the world, if a large percentage of its workers cannot, because of infirm-


ities and physical handicaps, do the sum total of the work required of them.

pregnancy and not of any diseases such as grave vomiting; eclampsia and albuminuria incidental to the condition. There were many ob- m a servations which seemed to in-

From Buffalo to Miami, Fla., In a Dual -Valve Pierce -Arrow Distance of 2075 Miles

From Buffalo to Miami, Fla., In a Dual -Valve Pierce -Arrow

Distance of 2075 Miles Is Covered in Nine Days and Twelve Hours, Despite Almost Impassible Condition of Some of the Roads--- No Mechanical Trouble

Condition of Some of the Roads--- No Mechanical Trouble LAUGH AND SUCCEED “A laugh is worth



laugh is worth a hundred

groans in any market,” So wise old Ben Franklin.


Shakespeare ’s

Caesar said,

“Let me have men about me that

From Buffalo, N. Y., to Miami,

used on the entire run. The

are fat.”

He knew the advant-

Fla., a distance of 2075 miles, by

motorists were so far from


age of nerve-easing environment.

motor in nine days and twelve

ization at one point that a



once in a


hours is the feat recently


tive flatboat, oared by negroes,

good, whole-souled laugh that

plished by Messrs. A. A. and F.


was pressed into service as a ferry

wakes you up from your eyes

W. Anderson of Minneapolis,

across a stream in North Carolina.

clear down to the bottom of


companied by A. G. Seiler,


Heavy sand roads in this territory


Give your sense of

ing manager

Automobile Association. though part of the journey was made through primeval roads,

of the American failed to impede progress.

Al- The log of the journey led the motorists from Buffalo to Albany, N. Y., 301 miles, the first day;

from Buffalo to Albany, N. Y., 301 miles, the first day; W h e n t

When the old met

condition could


have been worse,

Mr. Seiler, no mechanical trouble


radiator leak quickly repaired-in Jacksonville.


according to

exceot a




The tour was made in a


valve Six Pierce-Arrow. the model

being a 38 H.P.

car was new and lower

Alihough the

eears fre-

the new in Georgia

from Albany to New Brunswick,


from New Brunswick to Wash-

ington, D. C., 2 10 miles, the third


mond, Va., 135 miles, the fourth day; from Richmond to Southern Pines, N. C., 240 miles, the fifth

day; from Southern Pines to Au-


235 miles, the sixth


186 miles, the second day;

from Washington to Rich-


quently were used in negotiating


from Augusta to Waycross.

some southern trails, the close


305 miles, the seventh day:

record kept o




Waycross to Vero. Fla., 322

showed a gasoline consumption of

close to

Only eleven quarts of oil were

I2 miles to a gallon.




A situation has developed that

makes the United States

ment virtually the ally of motor trucks.


miles, the eighth day: from Vero

to Miami, Fla., ninth day.

I41 miles, the

ernment ’s war activities points out the great difficulty of dealing with the present shortage of freight



chants and manufacturers to


earnestlv appeals to





humor a little exercise. Nothing sillier that a silly laugh- and nothing makes com- pany feel better than a real laugh, straight from the heart. A good laugh is like a coupon

in a newspaper contest. It doesn

cost anything,

something. The man who laughs in the face

of defeat won

The man who succeeds in life is the man who tackles his work with

a smile and a spirit of confidence, who refuses to be downhearted.

and it may get

’t face defeat often.

Laughter makes good


It stimulates the sense, arouses the perceptions, and opens the

soul to

Laughter pays much better than


broadening agencies.

pleaiure to do business

with the fellow who has a laugh

rtady for you. That


mium with his goods that brings

It’s a

’s why he

His laugh is a pre-


you back and back again.


and succeed. Cultivate the right kind

6f a

laugh, a spontaneous laugh. The wrong kind of laughter is as bad as the groan or the grumble.




Laughter is, Success is, too.”

The principal difference be-

tween repartee and

in the persons who serve

imi>udence is



“The use of motor

who serve imi>udence is iti. ment: “The use of motor truckd for short haul is necessary

truckd for

short haul is necessary to release freight cars for long haul. Rail-

road cars have frequently been,

used in cities to transport goods

In a recent bulletin the



railroad freight haulage

only a few blocks.

In Europe


mittee on National Defense


wherever possible with motor

day motor trucks are used- in

has in hand a great many


truck transportation.


many places

for ’all haulage under

prises growing out of the


is a paragraph from the state-

forty miles.

START YOUR GARDEN EARLY D o you remember the first hot days last year-how your
START YOUR GARDEN EARLY D o you remember the first hot days last year-how your


D o

you remember the first

hot days last year-how your thoughts ran to berries with the

dew on them, to tender young

curling greens

with which to thin your sluggish


then, for these delights of the garden do not spring from the soil overnight as sometimes do the first hot days of returning summer. And if you are going to plant a garden you will want your vege- tables stepping right along toward the table as soon as the sunshine and robins begin to hint of Spring. The way to bring it about is to steal a march on Nature in the warmth of your basement or kit- chen or in a specially constructed

hot bed.

boxes and flats, or a hot bed and


and crisp,

Better be up and doing

With a supply

gf seed

cold frames, it is possible to start

planting seeds March

when it is safe to transplant the young shoots into the open gar- den, they will be lusty, life-sized

It takes all the way

from 25 to 200 days for seeds to reach maturity, and if you inno- cently wait until your garden soil is free of frost before planting your seeds, you will have mighty few Spring vegetables. Here is a table of the most popular garden vegetables and the days it takes them to reach maturity:


I. By April,

Beans. dwarf










Beans, pale 60.100 Beets











65. 90

















Cauliflower SO- 80






.125-150 Radishes




C or”








. 60.








Swiss chard

SO- 60




. SO-


Squasher 60.10





60. 80


40. 60







40- 75





Consulting this table, you will know when to start your various seeds indoors or in the hot bed in order to have them on the table at the earliest moment.

1n preparation for planting in seed boxes and hot beds the first step is to provide yourself with a supply of good soil. For the starting of seed boxes or flats it should be light and porous, but

need not be so rich.

for transplanting the

seedlings as soon as they are up

out of the earth, to other deeper


body and be rich enough to keep

the little plants

On the oth-

er hand,

the soil should have good

“on the grow.”

Mixing sand and

cocoanut fiber

with a stiff heavy soil will lighten

and loosen it; mixing old

rotted manure with it will enrich


pile or from beneath a decaying

log in the woods, or leaf mold is also excellent material to have on

hand for

Any wooden box may be used as a flat for starting seeds, but the most convenient to handle is so constructed as to be 3-4 inches


24 inches long.

12. I4 inches wide and 20-

In putting bot-

Humus from the family wood


the flats.

toms on these flats, leave narrow spaces between the boards or bore

holea in them so

several half-inch

that all surplus water can be

quickly drained away.

When you are ready to plant your first seeds, on the day before planting, fill the flat or seed boxes about two-thirds full with soil, water it so that it is saturated thor- oughly, and then fill almost, but

not quite, to the top with a final

layer of soil.

moisture will penetrate to the sur-

face without making it muddy and


in firmly, especially around the

edges and in the corners of the


In this way the

Be sure the soil is packed

The next day you plant. Make

very shallow furrows about 2 or

3 inches apart and crosswise of

the box.

inch deep is correct

seed ;

inch deep for seeds

A furrow one-fourth

for very fine three-fourths such as beet

one-half to

and melon; and one to two inches

deep for large seeds such as beans

and peas.


lightly with the soil, pressing it

down firmly but not hard. The seeds are not left to germ- inate. For germination the chief essential is proper moisture. A sheet of glass covering the flat and tilted up at one edge to ad- mit air will better maintain the surface moisture. Occasional sprinkling is necessary-whenever the surface begins to look powd- ery.

Just as soon as the little seed- lings appear, the flats must forth-

with be

window in the house. At this

stage an abundance of light is the

staff of their existence.

whenever the surface of the soil begins to look powdery. it is time

In these furrows, sow

5-10 seeds to the inch.

hied into the sunniest


for more water.

be set in water, the moisture seep-

ing up through the crevices or

holes in the bottom of the box,

it is the most satisfactory way of


a fine spray is next best.

When a seedling begins to show its third true leaf, it is old enough to transplant. Certainly the trans- planting must be done before the


other out. If you have more seed- lings than you can find room for in transplanting, you can probably sell the surplus to your neighbors,

keeping the finest specimens for your own, of course.

If the flat can

Sprinkling the surfaces


pIants begin to crowd each

How We Bought Our Homes

The Arrow would like to


contributions on this vital subject.

There are hundreds of

Arrow employes who will be able to furnish such worth-while data.

If you can supply material for such

an article, drop a line to The Arrow, giving your name and de- partment, and a reporter will call on you for a interview.

Don’t hestitate in telling read- ers of me Arrow about the meth- ods you used, and the thrift and patience you practiced in becom-

Your story

ing a home owner.


others who are planning to buy homes.


be an inspiration to many

Inter - ‘Department League Standing Standing of Sixth Week First Dlvlsion   Body Assembly. .
Inter - ‘Department League Standing Standing of Sixth Week First Dlvlsion   Body Assembly. .

Inter - ‘Department League Standing

Standing of Sixth Week




Body Assembly.







T ransmission

26 4


21 4


20 10

Potter& Johnson












Cam Shaft



Valve Lifter

7 23





5 25


4 26


I 24

Second Division Tool Room






23 7








Plant Draft










Stock Chasers ’




I3 17


Body Mill

.I. :









IO 20



f 22;

Podgers Rolls Kell

Great rivalry exists

iri the Mill-

wright Department between the

bowlers, namely, Homer Podgers

and Nelson

that the time was ripe for a match,

so they both posted, $5 to make


grand event took place at the Floss Place alleys on Saturday

afternoon February 14th.

games were rolled and when the

results were added, “Hook”

gers found that he was the loser


agreed that the games were some of the best that they had witnessed in a long time.

Kell. They decided

intereating. Th





16 pins. The gallery all

Lipton Grooms Yacht

for America

Races This Summer

’s Cup

Office Team Trims Motor Bowlers


Rob High Average

There is keen rivalry between

interest in the yachting world

the leaders of the First Division

is centered on the coming

national Yacht races for American


off Sandy Hook in July.

on July

17, 20, 22, 24,

will follow on July

or until either yacht has won-three

out of five races.

The New York Yacht Club ac-

cepted Lipton

race in

a postponement. The Royal Ul-

ster Club was given assurance at

that time,

would be accepted at the secession

lnter- of the Inter-department Bowling

League. On February the

the Office and Motor teams staged

an interesting match, the Office winning three and losing two. Bert Holmes had the high score for the evening with 233, while Ed. Mackey rolled high average,



The races are to be sailed

The first

I5 and succeeding races

1961/z for four games.

’s challenge for a





























14. but the war caused

that the challenge

of hostilities.


Sir Thomas

‘Lipton ’s Shamrock

IV, which is now being fitted at City Island, Brooklyn, will be the challenger and either the Vanity or the Resolute will be the de- fender. Both the American boats will be brought out. and tested in trial races during May and June.



844 837 1024


Total-35 64

D. Smith


I45 211 200





148 189







I 6





Schm ’ck ’r 194

192 192



The first international yacht


845 848 942



bay at City Island the

race was sailed in August,

and was won by the American, and since that time there has been

eleven other races, all won by American yachts. Lipton made his first attempt to lift the cup on October

185 1,

so-was a conversation with an


cllzkSi;Thomaa viewed the Sham-


16. “Well, my little man,” quoth

Sir Thomas,

going to have quite a nautical

scrap next summer.*

“it appears we are


replied the boy;

1899. but the American ship Col-

umbia was too fast, and defeated