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SAP Enterprise Portal

SAP- Enterprise Portal

What is an Enterprise Portal?


To answer this question, one must first ask what problem an enterprise portal is intended to solve. In the age of e-business, many companies are turning to enterprise portals to streamline business processes that, by their nature, span many different application environments, different data sources, and even different business organizations. These companies want to give their employees a powerful single point of access to the information and services they need to do their jobs. Right now, end users with critical business responsibilities must navigate diverse applications from diverse vendors to get their jobs done. Some significant part of each employee.s day is spent just calling up the different applications, searching for needed data using applicationspecific tools, and then correlating the information they find locked in these different application silos. They need a tool that integrates and correlates all information and services available to perform a specific enterprise task into a single, task-oriented display, specific to the user. This is the true value of a portal. The end users of the portal require access to all kinds of structured and unstructured data and services. In general, they require access to the following information: Transactional systems and legacy databases Data warehouse and decision support solutions Internet and intranet sites File servers and other repositories for content and documents

Structured data is information that has been collected and stored in an application database during normal transaction processing. We access some types of information in its original form, whereas we access other information in extracted and manipulated forms. For example, information on the Internet is typically accessed in its original form. The different types of information to which a portal user needs access typically reside in different types of systems. An enterprise portal must provide access to information, regardless of where it is stored. Access is made possible by the following: Application access and integration Business intelligence services Internet access to content and services Knowledge management services

Access to information is nice, but users responsibilities are diverse and demanding. What they really need are tools to streamline and accelerate the many tasks required of them, regardless of which applications, information, and services are needed to complete those tasks. For this, end users require unification services that assist in correlating the data that

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SAP- Enterprise Portal

has been segregated into different enterprise data silos. They also require single sign-on services that will speed their access to the data they are authorized to see and change. An Enterprise Portal Provides: A single point of access via a Web browser to applications, content, and services A personalized, role-based user interface, customizable to individual needs Simple maintenance based on an open and flexible system with no additional client Secure access from anywhere Unification technology and predefined unifiers for database and legacy systems, which

software

support the user in identifying business issues and navigating across systems to immediately resolve these issues. From Desktop to Webtop The information technology landscape in large organizations is complex, and is getting more so. Such landscapes are marked by the following characteristics: Heterogeneous systems Dozens to hundreds of separate systems from different vendors require expensive point-topoint integration. Proprietary technologies and communication protocols Different business partners have no shared knowledge of business processes or access to a partners corporate business information. This endangers future success. Complex business environments These environments contribute to a maintenance nightmare with multiple dependencies and an average industry cost per year, per interface, of $10,000.

Figure 1: The End User.s Problem

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SAP- Enterprise Portal

End users often have to combine applications in interconnected business prospects and processes. That is, end users must locate and act upon information about, for example, a single customers lost shipment, wherever that information might be found and acted upon in the IT landscape. This usually involves using many different user interfaces to drive many different applications. Often, this arrangement results in lost opportunities for improved customer service, procedural efficiency, and employee productivity.

An enterprise portal can deliver a connection between the applications and information required to perform a particular task. A portal gives the end user a complete business picture at a glance. It consists of multiple data sources and is integrated with many operational applications in the back office.

SAP NetWeaver
The SAP NetWeaver technology platform is an open integration and application platform that reduces total cost of ownership (TCO) across the entire IT landscape. It is the technical foundation of the mySAP Business Suite family of business solutions, SAP Collaborative Cross Applications (SAP xApps), and other general-purpose and industry-specific applications from SAP. SAP NetWeaver is also the technical foundation for Enterprise Services Architecture, the SAP blueprint for solutions based on Web services. SAP NetWeaver integrates and aligns people, information, and business processes across technologies and organizations. It gives companies the power to adapt quickly to change. SAP NetWeaver ensures that mission-critical business processes are reliable, secure, and scalable. Companies with SAP NetWeaver can also get more from their current software and systems. SAP NetWeaver unifies disparate integration technologies and provides preconfigured business content, reducing the need for custom integration. It is based on industry-standard technology and can be extended with commonly used development tools such as Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE); Microsoft .NET; and IBM WebSphere.

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SAP- Enterprise Portal

Figure: SAP NetWeaver

Layers of SAP NetWeaver


People integration

People integration ensures that your employees have the information and functions that they require to perform their work as quickly and efficiently as possible. The functions of the SAP Enterprise Portal are of key importance here. The SAP Mobile Infrastructure serves as the universal platform for enterprise mobility and powers SAP solutions for mobile business. Information integration

The information integration layer provides access to all structured and unstructured information in your company. The key component here is the SAP Business Information Warehouse, which provides data from many different systems for evaluation. Knowledge Management, a component of the SAP Enterprise Portal, and SAP Master Data Management also provide functions for central data storage. Process integration

Process integration ensures that business processes run across system boundaries in a heterogeneous system landscape. This is achieved by using XML data packages and workflow scenarios, among other things. The SAP Exchange Infrastructure (SAP XI) plays a key role here. Application platform

The SAP Web Application Server gives the application platform both J2EE and ABAP runtime environments and with this infrastructure it can support open standards, browser-based access to applications and web services as a vital instrument for Enterprise Service Architecture.

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SAP- Enterprise Portal

Figure 6: Key Components of SAP NetWeaver Across or in parallel to these four layers, SAP NetWeaver offers lifecycle management, as well as the Composite Application Framework: Lifecycle Management Lifecycle management supports design, development, deployment and change management of the entire business solution, addressing requirements in the areas of security, composing and modeling, testing, and system landscape management. Composite Application Framework The Composite Application Framework is integrated into SAP NetWeaver.It enables SAP and its partners to use tools, frameworks, rules, and methodologies to create new applications targeting cross-functional business processes. SAP Web Application Server (SAP Web AS) Almost every SAP system is based on SAP Web AS and uses this as its runtime environment. SAP Web AS combines with the database to form SAP NetWeavers applications platform.

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SAP- Enterprise Portal

Figure: SAP Web AS Installation Options For SAP Web AS, the following installation options are offered: SAP Web AS ABAP: Complete infrastructure in which ABAP-based applications can be developed and used. SAP Web AS Java: Complete infrastructure for developing and using J2EE-based applications. SAP Web AS ABAP+Java (so-called Add-In Installation): Complete infrastructure in which ABAP-based and J2EE-based applications can be developed and used. This installation emphasizes the seamless Java ABAP integration. Note: SAP Enterprise Portal requires a SAP Web AS Java, but can also run (as of SR1) on a SAP Web AS ABAP+Java system.

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SAP- Enterprise Portal

Figure: The SAP Web Application Server SAP Web AS is the logical result of further development of SAP Application Server technology (formerly also known as SAP Basis), with particular attention being paid to Web-based applications. SAP Web Application Server offers: A reliable and thoroughly tested runtime environment, continuously evolved over more than 10 years A framework for executing complex business processes that meets the highest security standards A reliable and user-friendly development environment Support for open standards, including HTTP, HTTPS, SMTP, WebDAV, SOAP, SSL, SSO, X.509, Unicode, HTML, XML, and WML High Scalability Support for various operating systems and database platforms

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SAP- Enterprise Portal

SAP Web AS Java


As part of the SAPWeb AS Java, the J2EE Engine offers a runtime environment for Java applications. The J2EE Engine follows the J2EE (Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition) standard defined by Sun Microsystems and is J2EE 1.3 compliant. The meaning of this specification is to have a standard Java application server as a runtime environment for Java applications from different vendors. More than 30 different Java application servers are available on the market. They differ in the version of the J2EE specification, how completely they support the J2EE specification, and if they pass the SUN J2EE compatibility test. The best known J2EE servers are: SAP J2EE Engine Web logic (BEA) WebSphere (IBM) Sun ONE Application Server (Netscape/Sun) JRun (Allaire) Oracle Application Server 10g Inprise (Inprise/Borland)

The SAP J2EE Engine provides a runtime environment for different Java applications, for example, Enterprise Java Beans (EJB). The J2EE Engine provides runtime services for Java Server Pages (JSP) and servlets.

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SAP- Enterprise Portal

Figure: SAP Web AS Java A Java instance contains two node types. Java server and Java dispatcher. The Java dispatcher receives client requests and distributes them to the Java server nodes. The Java servers execute the requested Java code in a thread, access the database and make the requested web pages available. The result is then sent back to the requesting client via the dispatcher. Both type of nodes run in their own Java Virtual Machine (Java VM). It is possible to configure several server and dispatcher nodes distributed over different hosts, belonging to one SAP Web AS Java. Another process that also runs in its own Java Virtual Machine is the Software Deployment Manager (SDM). This is used to install new Java applications and to patch.

Logging on to and Navigating in SAP Enterprise Portal


Prerequisites You have network access to the Enterprise Portal and have the correct user and password information. Procedure 1. Open your Web browser. 2. Enter the URL of the SAP Enterprise Portal. The typical format is http(s)://<portal server host name.domain:port>/irj, for example, http://twdf0000.wdf.sap.corp:50000/irj Note: For the employees of a company, this URL could become the homepage of theWeb browser. Another alternative could be to access the portal, for example, by clicking on an image on the companys homepage. 3. Fill out the fields User ID and Password with your user ID and password. 4. Press Log on or hit Enter on your keyboard.

Figure : Accessing the SAP Enterprise Portal

Main Screen Elements and Navigation Utilities


The interface consists of the following elements: Portal desktop: the entire portal screen, including any content and layout The out-of-the-box portal desktop consists of the header area, page title bar, navigation panel, and content area.

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SAP- Enterprise Portal

Header area: The part of the portal layout that contains the masthead, tools area, and toplevel navigation bar Masthead: contains branding elements, user identification, and the appropriate (based on the portal configuration) function links such as Help, Personalize, New Session, Log Off and Log On A link can be displayed or hidden by setting the Show Link in Masthead: <Link Name> navigation property of the Masthead iView. The Help link, by default, launches SAP Help Portal. You can customize the URL so that the link goes to a site of your choosing. To change the default Help link URL: o o o In the Portal Catalog, go to Portal Users Standard Portal Users, and open the Default Framework Page.

Select Masthead iView and click Properties. In the Property Editor, from the Property Category list, select Navigation.

o For the Help Link URL property, enter the URL of the site that you want launched when the user clicks the Help link, and save your changes. If you have configured your portal to accept anonymous users, you can add the language personalization dropdown list to the masthead, by changing the property Show Dropdown List in Masthead: Language Personalization for Anonymous Users in the Masthead iView to Yes. At runtime, anonymous users can change the portal language. If the anonymous user logs in as an authenticated user, the dropdown list disappears from the masthead, and the portal appears in the language defined for that user. Tools area: a persistent area that provides access to such key applications as real-time collaboration, or to a search component. Applications may vary based on the company and user. This area could also include features such as e-mail notification, alerts, people search, and a link to the company phone list. Top-level navigation: your entry point for navigating the content assigned to your role It displays the first-level tabs and possibly the second-level subtabs of navigation, depending upon the configuration set by the administrator. The first tab is the highest-level folder assigned to you by the portal administrator, and usually reflects the tasks of a specific work role. The contents of the folder can include pages and other folders. The second-level subtabs are a way of compartmentalizing the role into manageable tasks. When you click a subtab, you launch a page that provides relevant content. Additional roles and folders that are assigned to you, but not displayed in the top-level navigation bar, appear in a tree structure in the Detailed Navigation iView located in the navigation panel.

Page Title Bar: an iView below the header area containing items related to the currently
displayed content page. Lets you navigate to pages recently visited, as well as launch various page-specific options.

Navigation panel: the left-hand pane just below the top-level navigation bar, dedicated to
navigating content.
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SAP- Enterprise Portal

You can reduce, enlarge, collapse, and expand the navigation panel by clicking the appropriate arrow icons.

Navigation iViews: the areas in the navigation panel related to portal navigation, all of which change contextually according to the content displayed in the content area
Detailed Navigation This iView contains links to all the content that is assigned to you, displayed in a tree format. Dynamic Navigation This area contains iViews whose user interface controls, such as dropdown lists and links, access databases and retrieve data related to the content displayed in the content area. Each link in a dynamic navigation iView is equivalent to a data record. Drag&Relate Targets This iView contains a list of links pointing to iViews that have been configured with drag-on capability, according to user permissions. When you drag data items from content iViews onto these links, you receive related information. Related Links Area This iView contains a list of links whose target topics are relevant to the iView or portal page with which you are currently working. The links are predefined on the iView and the page levels (Portal Content Studio). Clicking an object in the Related Links iView opens its content in a new browser window that can be customized. Portal Favourites iView This iView contains user-compiled links that provide direct access to KM elements, such as folders and documents, and portal navigation objects such as pages or iViews that run as fullpage applications.

Content area: The area of the portal desktop for performing tasks, and in which
administrative tools, navigation results, and portal pages with iView content are displayed

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SAP- Enterprise Portal

Administrative Tools in Portal:1) Content Administration: The content administrator is involved with all tasks that are relevant to content creation and maintenance.

2) User Administration: The user administrator performs all tasks that are relevant to user management and role assignments. In the portal, all user management functions related to users and groups are provided by the User Management Engine (UME). The UME is integrated in the Web Application Server Java.

3) System Administration: The system administrator is responsible for the configuration and ongoing support of the portal and its landscape. This role therefore contains configuration, maintenance, and support related functionalities.

Create Content for Your Portal Using Content Administration


Use
You can create the following kinds of content for your Portal: o o o o iViews Pages Worksets Roles

You can also assign iViews to pages, pages to worksets, and worksets to roles.

Prerequisites
Log on to the Enterprise Portal with Content Administrator rights, and create a folder to store your documents.

Procedure:1) Creating Your Folder


o o In your portal, navigate to Content Administration Portal Content Portal Content. Right-click on Portal Content and choose New Folder.

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SAP- Enterprise Portal

Enter a folder name, folder ID, folder ID prefix, master language, and description for the folder, then choose Finish.

Repeat steps 1 to 3 to create folders under the MyFolder folder you just created. Create folders for iViews, Pages, Worksets, and Roles.

You should have a folder similar to the image below.

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SAP- Enterprise Portal

Creating iViews for new Portal Content


Creating a URL iView
Right-click on the iViews folder and choose New iView. The iView Wizard appears. Select URL iView, then choose Next.

Enter the following values in the iView Wizard and then choose Next.

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SAP- Enterprise Portal

Enter the following URL.

(optional) Choose Browse/Capture. Choose the Browse tab to preview a web site or navigate to the URL to be used as the content source for the iView. You can display the entire contents of the Web page or a portion of the Web page. To display a portion of the Web page that you want to display in the iView, choose the Capture tab. Return to the iView Wizard screen and choose Next.

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SAP- Enterprise Portal

Select Open for editing when wizard completes, and choose Finish.

Choose Add. In the Property Category dropdown, choose Appearance Size. In Height Type, select FULL_PAGE.

Choose Save.

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SAP- Enterprise Portal

Creating an SAP BW Query iView


Right-click on the iViews folder and choose New iView. The iView Wizard appears. In the iView Wizard Select SAP BW Report iView and choose Next. Enter a name, iView ID and iView ID Prefix choose Next. Select the SAP BW system alias SAP_BW and in the BEx Web Application Query String, copy the query id from the URL of your desired query from the string text &INFOCUBE on wards (for example, &INFOCUBE=0SD_C04&QUERY=0SD_C04_Q0001) and choose Next. Note: If you do not have the URL for the query you wish to create an iView for, simply log into the SAP BW system and launch the Query in the Web Browser. Select the query string in the URL navigation bar by highlighting it and copying it. You can paste this into the iView Wizard field, BEx Web Application Query String. Select the check box for Open for editing when Wizard completes and choose Finish. Make modifications to the Attributes by changing Height Type to FULL_PAGE. Save your changes and select Preview. Ensure your user is mapped to the SAP BW system already, or you will not be able to launch the query.

Creating an SAP R/3 iView


Create a Web GUI iView for SAP R3 in SAP EP Right-click on the iViews folder and choose New iView. The iView Wizard appears. Choose NewiView In the iView Wizard, perform the following steps: Select SAP Transaction iView and choose Next. Enter a name (for example, Sales Order Create) , iView ID (for example, salesordercreate) and iView ID Prefix (your companys chosen namespace such as com.mycompany) and choose Next. Select SAP GUI for HTML for the SAP GUI Type. Choose Next. Select the SAP R3 system alias SAP_R3 and in the Transaction Code field, enter the desired transaction code, such as VA01 and choose Next. Select the check box for Open for editing when Wizard completes and choose Finish. Make modifications to the Attributes, Height Type to FULL_PAGE. Save your changes and choose Preview to preview the iView..

Create a Win GUI iView for the SAP R3 in the SAP EP


Right-click on the iViews folder and choose New iView. The iView Wizard appears.

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SAP- Enterprise Portal

Choose NewiView In the iView Wizard Select SAP Transaction iView and choose Next. Enter : Name (such as, Sales Order Create Win) iView ID ( such as, salesordercreate_win) iView ID Prefix (your companys namespace such as, com.mycompany ) Choose Next. Select SAP GUI for Window for the SAP GUI Type. Choose Next. Select the SAP R3 system alias SAP_R3 and in the Transaction Code field, enter the desired transaction code such as VA01 and choose Next. Select the check box for Open for editing when Wizard completes and choose Finish. Make modifications to the Attributes, Height Type to FULL_PAGE. Save your changes and choose Preview to preview the iView.

Creating your page for the iView you have created


After you have created an iView, you need to assign the iView to a page. Right-click on the Pages folder to choose New Page.

Choose Next.

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SAP- Enterprise Portal

Enter values in the following fields and choose Next.

Select 1 Column (Full Width) and 2 Columns (Wide:Narrow), select the Add button. Choose Next.

The Summary page appears. Choose Finish. Choose Open the object for editing and then OK. The Property Editor appears. In the Property Category dropdown, choose Appearance Size.

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SAP- Enterprise Portal

In Height Type, select FULL_PAGE.

Choose Save.

Adding an iView to Your Page


Double-click the My Page page you created if it is not already open. Right-click on SAP News iView you created and choose Add iView to Page Delta Link.

Choose Portal Content Content Provided by SAP End User Content Standard Portal Users iViews. Right-click on any of the iViews (for example, com.sap.km.iviews News) and choose Add iView to Page Delta Link. Choose Save. In Display, use the dropdown to select Page Layout. Select News and drag it to Column 2 and drop.

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SAP- Enterprise Portal

Choose Save.

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SAP- Enterprise Portal

Creating Your Workset


Right-click on the Worksets folder to choose New Workset.

Enter the following values and choose Next.

In the Summary page, choose Finish.

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SAP- Enterprise Portal

Leave the radio button at the default Open the object for editing and choose OK

The Edit Workset iView appears. Right-click on My Page you created and choose Add Page to Workset Delta Link.

Select Navigation in the Property Category dropdown list. Scroll down to the Entry Point property and select the Yes radio button.

Select Save.

Creating Your Role


Right-click on the Roles folder to choose New Role.

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SAP- Enterprise Portal

Enter the following values and choose Next.

In the Summary page, choose Finish.

Leave the radio button at the default Open the object for editing and choose OK

The Edit Role iView appears. Right-click on My Workset, which you created, and choose Add Workset to Role Delta Link.

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SAP- Enterprise Portal

User Administration
Overview
In this step, you can do the following activities: Create a New User Create Groups Add Roles to Users Add Users to Groups Add Roles to Groups

Create a New User


Choose User Administration Users Create User Enter values for the new user. For our example, we use initial as the password.

Select Create

Add Role to User


Navigate to User Administration Roles Enter the ID of the role you created (that is com.mycompany.myrole) in the search field Select the Roles form the dropdown list Select the Start button The role you created will appear in the Roles table

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SAP- Enterprise Portal

Select the edit link in the row corresponding to your role A new screen appears Enter the user (i.e., newuser) you want to add to the role in the search field Select User in the dropdown list Select Start Your user will appear in the table below Check the checkbox corresponding to your user Select the Add button Select the Save button The role is now added to the user.

Create a New Group


Using groups in the SAP Enterprise Portal is another way to easily manage the content that is rolled out to a user. You can assign multiple roles to a group, and simplify your user management process by assigning a group to a user, instead of assigning multiple roles to a user. Choose User Administration Groups Select New Group button.

Enter values for the following fields.

Choose Save.

Add User to Group


Choose User Administration Groups. Select Testers from the Groups menu

Choose the Assign Users button.

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SAP- Enterprise Portal

Choose the Add Users button.

Enter *new*

Choose Search. Check the checkbox next to NewUser.

Choose Select. Choose Done.

Add Role to Group


Choose User Administration Roles. In the Search parameter, enter the role you want to add to the user (i.e., com.mycompany.myrole*). In the Search dropdown. Select Roles. Select the Start button A list of matching roles will appear in the table below Select the Edit link corresponding to the role you created Enter *new* in the Search parameter Select Groups in the dropdown menu Choose Start.

Check the checkbox next to the Group you created

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SAP- Enterprise Portal

Choose Add and then Save.

Testing the User You Created


Log off the Enterprise Portal. Log in with NewUser as the user and initial as the password. If all works correctly, you should see the role with workset navigation.

Import SAP Enterprise Portal Content Objects


Types of Portal Content Files
SAP Business Packages and SAP Enterprise Portal content are currently delivered in two types of files. The method of importing the portal content will vary depending on the type of file. EPA file: Some Business Packages are delivered in an Enterprise Portal Archive file, and have a file extension of .epa. PKG file: Some Business Packages are delivered in a Package file, and have a file extension of .pkg.

Import an .epa file (EPA file)


Copy the EPA file to a location on your computer or the Enterprise Portal Server such as c:\usr\sap\ep60\global. Navigate to System Administration Transport Import. Select the radio button to specify whether you want to import from the client or the server. Choose the Browse button and browse to the location of your EPA file

Choose the Upload button. Check the Overwrite checkbox to specify whether or not the existing content in the portal may be overwritten by the import. To start the import, choose Import. A new screen appears in which you can see the status of the import. The status of the import is updated automatically until the import has finished. Once the import has been completed, you can check if the objects were correctly imported using the log. If the import was successful, the object is given status OK.

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SAP- Enterprise Portal

Import .pkg file (Package file)


Copy the .PKG file to a folder on the portals server, such as C:\usr\sap\J2E\SYS\global\pcd\Import\upload. Navigate to System Administration Transport Import on the portal. Select the Server in the Source for Package Files. Choose the Browse button and browse to the location of your PKG file.

Specify whether or not the existing content in the portal may be overwritten by the import. To start the import, choose Import. You cannot see the progress of the import.

Import Users
Prerequisites
You have a text file to upload user data

Procedure
Choose the following navigation option: To import users into the portal from a file Choose the Browse button. Navigate to your file containing the user data and choose Open. In the Enter Data: text field, enter the user data. Select the Overwrite Existing Data checkbox if you want to overwrite duplicate users. Choose the Import button. The results page will appear showing a table of successful and unsuccessful imported users.

To import user data from data entry

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SAP- Enterprise Portal

User Management Engine (UME)


Alternate Data Sources
SAP User Management Engine (UME) allows you to connect to more than one data source so that you can read user data from and write user data to multiple data sources in parallel. The following process describes how to connect UME to the data sources that you wish to use for your application.

Defining LDAP for Alternate Data Source


Use
The user management component of the Enterprise Portal leverages your existing landscape by using a corporate LDAP directory server as its central user data repository. It accesses any existing data schema by allowing you to map the attributes used in the schema. In this step, you will connect to your LDAP server as an alternate user data source.

Prerequisites
Log on to the Portal as Administrator.

Procedure
Navigate to System Administration System Configuration UM Configuration.

In Data Source, use the dropdown to select the LDAP system of your landscape.

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SAP- Enterprise Portal

Choose the LDAP Server tab.

Enter data in the fields as follows: Field Name Server Name Port User Field Data Host Name of the Directory Server Port of the LDAP directory server. Distinguished name (DN) of user that is used to connect (bind) to the LDAP directory server. cn=Directory Manager Password User Path Password of the user specified above (Only required if you have a flat hierarchy) Distinguished name of branch of directory where information about users is stored. ou=CorporateUsers,c=us,o=mycompany User Group If you have a flat hierarchy, enter the distinguished name of the branch of your directory where information about the groups of portal users is stored. If you have a groups in a tree hierarchy, enter the distinguished name of the branch of your directory where information about portal users and groups is stored. ou=CorporateGroups,c=us,o=mycompany

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SAP- Enterprise Portal

Choose Save All Changes to save the entire configuration (that is, data from all the tabs). Otherwise, choose Restore All Changes to undo all data you have entered on this tab. After changing settings using the configuration tool, you must restart the J2EE Engine.

Defining an SAP R/3 System as a User Management Data Source


Use
The user management component of the Enterprise Portal leverages your existing landscape by using existing SAP R3 system User Management Engine. In this step, you will connect to your SAP R/3 Server as alternate user data source.

Prerequisites
The SAP R/3 system must be based on SAP Web Application Server 6.20 or higher.

Procedure
Navigate to System Administration System Configuration UM Configuration. In Data Source, use the dropdown to select the following:

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SAP- Enterprise Portal

Choose the SAP R/3 System tab and enter the following fields:

Enter one of the following combinations of entries for the R/3 System: If you have a loadbalanced R/3 System and the file sapmsg.ini is available on every portal server: Message Server Name + (optional) Message Server Group. If you have a loadbalanced R/3 System and sapmsg.ini is not available on every portal server: Message Server Name + Message Server Host Address + Message Server Group.

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SAP- Enterprise Portal

If the R/3 System is not loadbalanced: Application Server Host Address + System Number Choose the Test Connection button. If your setting is correct, you will see the following message:

Close the message window. Choose Save to save the entire configuration (that is, data from all the tabs). Otherwise, choose Reset to undo all data you have entered on this tab. After changing settings using the configuration tool, you must restart the Portal server.

Mapping Users in the Portal


Use
To map your portal users to the back-end systems.

End-User Mapping
Prerequisites
You are logged on to the Enterprise Portal as an end user.

Procedure
To carry out the activity, choose the following navigation option: Choose the Alias for your backend system, for example SAP_R3_BP. Enter the users name and password that you want to use to log on to this system. Choose Save. Repeat the User Mapping for the other system.

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SAP- Enterprise Portal

Administrator Mapping
Prerequisites
You are logged on to the Portal as Administrator.

Procedure
Navigate to User Administration User Mapping

Choose the Groups or Users or Roles that you want to map.

Choose the Alias for your backend system, for example SAP_R3_BP. Enter the users ID and password that you want to use to logon to this system. Choose Save. Repeat the user mapping for other systems.

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