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Section 10

Useful Information
TIGHTENING TORQUES
Metric Bolts, Screws and Nuts
Ref: Manufacturers Catalog
Failure of threaded fasteners due to over-tightening can occur by bolt shank fracture or by stripping of the nut and/or bolts thread. A bolt or screw
assembled with a nut of the appropriate class is intended to provide an assembly capable of being tightened to the bolt proof load without thread
stripping occurring.
The torque value to be set for a particular size of screw is dependent upon:
1. Material of the screw
2. Parent material (steel, non-ferrous metal or plastic)
3. Whether the screw is untreated or plated
4. Whether the screw is dry or lubricated
5. The depth of the thread

Tables below are given for informational use only. The exact torque values are found by tests based upon work experience.

Tightening Torques - Untreated Screw (Black Finish) - Friction Coefficient 0.14


PROPERTY
CLASS

5.6
8.8
10.9
12.9

PROPERTY
CLASS
8.8
10.9
12.9

TORQUE
Ma

Nm
ft/lb
Nm
ft/lb
Nm
ft/lb
Nm
ft/lb

M3
0.60
0.44
1.37
1.01
1.92
1.42
2.30
1.70

TORQUE
Ma
Nm
ft/lb
Nm
ft/lb
Nm
ft/lb

M4
1.37
1.01
3.10
2.29
4.49
3.25
5.25
3.87

M5
2.70
1.99
6.15
4.54
8.65
6.38
10.4
7.6

M8 x 1
27
19
38
28
45
33

M6
4.6
3.3
10.5
7.7
15
11
18
13

M7
7.6
5.6
17.5
12.9
25
18.4
29
21.3

M10 x 1.25
52
38
73
53
88
64

M8
11
8.1
26
19
36
26
43
31

NOMINAL DIAMETER - COARSE THREAD


M10 M12 M14 M16 M18 M20 M22
22
39
62
95
130
184
250
16
28
45
70
95
135
184
51
89
141
215
295
420
570
37
65
103
158
217
309
420
72
125
198
305
420
590
800
53
92
146
224
309
435
590
87
150
240
365
500
710
960
64
110
177
269
368
523
708

M12 x 1.25
95
70
135
99
160
118

NOMINAL DIAMETER - FINE THREAD


M14 x 1.5
M16 x 1.5
M18 x 1.5
150
225
325
110
165
239
210
315
460
154
232
339
250
380
550
184
280
405

M24
315
232
725
534
1020
752
1220
899

M27
470
346
1070
789
1510
1113
1810
1334

M20 x 1.5
460
339
640
472
770
567

M30
635
468
1450
1069
2050
1511
2450
1806

M33
865
637
1970
1452
2770
2042
3330
2455

M22 x 1.5
610
449
860
634
1050
774

M36
1111
819
2530
1865
3560
2625
4280
3156

M39
1440
1062
3290
2426
4620
3407
5550
4093

M24 x 2
780
575
1100
811
1300
958

Tightening Torques - Electrically Zinc Plated - Friction Coefficient 0.125


PROPERTY
CLASS

5.6
8.8
10.9
12.9

PROPERTY
CLASS
8.8
10.9
12.9

TORQUE
Ma

Nm
ft/lb
Nm
ft/lb
Nm
ft/lb
Nm
ft/lb

M3
0.56
0.41
1.28
0.94
1.80
1.33
2.15
1.59

TORQUE
Ma
Nm
ft/lb
Nm
ft/lb
Nm
ft/lb

M4
1.28
0.94
2.90
2.14
4.10
3.02
4.95
3.65

M5
2.50
1.84
5.75
4.24
8.1
5.97
9.70
7.15

M8 x 1
25
18
35
25
42
30

M6
4.3
3.1
9.9
7.3
14
10.3
16.5
12.1

M7
7.1
5.2
16.5
12.1
23
16.9
27
19.9

M10 x 1.25
49
36
68
50
82
60

M8
10.5
7.7
24
17.7
34
25
40
29

NOMINAL DIAMETER - COARSE THREAD


M10 M12 M14 M16 M18 M20 M22
21
36
58
88
121
171
230
15
26
42
64
89
126
169
48
83
132
200
275
390
530
35
61
97
147
202
287
390
67
117
185
285
390
550
745
49
86.2
136
210
287
405
549
81
140
220
340
470
660
890
59
103
162
250
346
486
656

M12 x 1.25
88
64
125
92
150
110

NOMINAL DIAMETER - FINE THREAD


M14 x 1.5
M16 x 1.5
M18 x 1.5
140
210
305
103
154
224
195
295
425
143
217
313
235
350
510
173
258
376

M24
295
217
675
497
960
708
1140
840

M27
435
320
995
733
1400
1032
1680
1239

M20 x 1.5
425
313
600
442
720
531

Copyright Metric & Multistandard Components Corp. 2000

M30
590
435
1350
995
1900
1401
2280
1681

M33
800
590
1830
1349
2580
1902
3090
2278

M22 x 1.5
570
420
800
590
960
708

M36
1030
759
2360
1740
3310
2441
3980
2935

M39
1340
988
3050
2249
4290
3163
5150
3798

M24 x 2
720
531
1000
737
1200
885

10-1027