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Bible Inscriptions3 Page 1 of 4

Seals and Bulla were commonly used on important documents.The documents were tied with
string,and the bula placed over the knot.The sender then pressed a seal into the clay
bula,making it official.The seals were usually made from a signet ring worn by an official. in
1975, a collection of nearly 250 clay seals were found about 44 miles southwest of
Jerusalem.Some of them have been identified as belonging to key Biblical figures,adding to the
evidence that names in the Bible belonged to actual people.

The Baruk Bulla reads,“ Baruk son of Neriah” He

was scribe to the prophet Jeremiah He is mentioned
in Jeremiah36,as having written the scroll that was
burned by Johoaikim the King.3

Jehoash Inscription The name of king Jehoash does not

appear at all. the name of his father, minus the first
letter (Hazyahu in this inscription; Ahazyah in Kings
and Ahaziah in English), appears quite clearly in the
second line. The royal inscription apparently speaks
in King Jehoash’s name of “men in the land and in
the desert and in all the cities of Judah” who gave
much “consecrated silver” to the Temple, to buy
“quarry stone and juniper wood and Edomite copper

It contains plans for repairing the Temple

Tel Dan Inscription Written in Aramaic the inscription

celebrates the defeat of two Kings.The Stone mentions
"The King of Israel" and "House of David.Similar stones
from the Palace at Dan mention Jehoram, the son of
Ahab and and Ahaziah,of "House of David"

The Babylonian ration Tablet contains a list of

captives from various parts of the Babylonian
empire.It shows the rations given to each captive.
Among those on the list receiving monthly rations
were Jehoiachin and his five sons.They were also
given and place to live and were treated well (2 Kings
The Seal of Jezabel testifies to her authority in Israel.
It was discovered in the ruins of Ahab's "Ivory
House".Along with the Seal were small stone boxes,
with a number of holes for various colors: kohl for
black, turquoise for green, ochre for red: with a
central depression for mixing makeup.
TheAhab seal can be seen at: www.bible-history.com

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The Abdi Seal reads:

"Abdi, the servant of Hoshea." The characters used
in the inscription date the seal to the late 8th century
B.C. It is very possible that Abdi was an official of
King Hoshea, who ruled Israel's northern kingdom
from 732-722 B.C.

The seal of Ahaz is reddish brown in appearance and

may contain the actual fingerprint of Ahaz The seal
reads as follows: "Ahaz (son of) Jotham, Judah's
king."Ahaz is also mentioned in the Anals of Tigleth-
Piliser III.It lists the types of tribute Ahaz paid to

The Ushana seal reads "Ushna, an attendant of

Ahaz."Some interpretations read “servant” instead
of attendantHe was apparently an official of the court
of Ahaz.It Is not known what His position was.The
seal is important for it’s mention of King Ahaz. The
elaborate artwork of the seal is reminiscent of
Egyptian art, the inscription on the bottom half is in

Abyaw, steward of Uzziah”

"Belonging to Asayahu, servant of the king”. The name
is mentioned twice in the Old testament.Asaiah a servant
of the king's" 2 Chronicles 34:20 and "Asahiah a servant
of the king's."… 2 Kings 22:12.

Stamped jar handle reading: I'lyqm ncr ywkn' =
`Belonging to Eliakim servant of Yokan';
`Belonging' often written only as `lamed'.

GemariahThe seal reads Gemariah, son of Shaphan.

He was mentioned in

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Jeremiah 36:10-12:

A clay seal from King Hezekiah of Judah was found
dating from the 8th century B.C. The inscription on
the seal reads:
King Hezzekiah is also named in inscritpions
of Sargon III and Sennachrib,Kings of Assyria

Another prominent man mentioned in II
Kings 25:23 and Jeremiah
40:8.Jaazaniah,was one of the captains of
the Judean army. His name was found
inscribed on a seal with the following

"Jaazaniah servant of the King."

The Seal reads “Yerahme'el, son of the king”. He is
recorded in Jeremiah 36:26,and was the son of


"Shebnayahu, official to Uzziah

The Seal reads “Belonging to Shema, servant of
Jeroboam”. It was found in archaeological excavations at
Megiddo in Northern Israel. The seal is carved in jasper
But the striking feature of the seal is the roaring lion that
was used as a symbol for the southern kingdom of Judah

Drawing of a seal impression reading: `Gedaliah who is

over the house.'
[`Biblical Archaeology', Mar 1984, p. 57; A very
instructive article]

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Other Biblical evidence has been found in the form of

inscriptions and letters,such as the Lachish Letters,
Palace inscriptions,ruins and other nations mentioned in
the Bible.These include The nations of Assyria and
The Lachish letters

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