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Shanique Gayle

Psychology Assignment
Chapter 9

Most importantly, intelligence is a term used to describe a

property of the mind that encompasses many related abilities,
such as the capacities to reason, to plan, to solve problems, to
think abstractly, to comprehend ideas, to use language, and to
learn. There are several ways to define intelligence. In some
cases, intelligence may include traits such as creativity,
personality, character, knowledge, or wisdom.
Gardner refers to bodily talents, musical ability, spatial
relation skill, and two kinds of personal intelligence has its
neurological base in a different area of the brain. Two of those
intelligence are familiar ones. Language ability and logical-
mathematical ability. However bodily-kinesthetic talents of
dancers, mimes, and athletes. Musical talents, spatial-relations
skills, are two kinds of personal intelligence, although some
people would classify intelligence as language skills, reasoning
ability, and ability to solve math problems to be more closely
related than musical or gymnastic talent.
There are three types of intelligence. Analytical (academic
ability), creative, and practical (street smarts). Analytical
intelligence is the ability to solve problems, compare and
contrast, judge, evaluate, and criticize. Creative intelligence is the
ability to invent, discover, suppose, or theorize. Practical
intelligence is the abilities to adapt to the demands of one’s
environment, apply knowledge in practical situations.
There are various types of intelligence. As society become
more complex, intellectual competences became more
sophisticated. This competence is emotional and social
intelligence and can be defined as the intelligence that lies behind
group interactions and behaviors. Emotional intelligence
describes ability, capacity, skill or a self-perceived ability, to
identify, assess, and manage the emotions of one’s self, of others,
and of groups. Social intelligence is the ability to understand and
manage men and women, boys and girls, to act wisely in human
How does environmental and genetic influence on
intelligence? For instance, a child thinks and solve problems stays
the same from age six on. After beginning school, the child’s
ability to think appears to develop at a normal rate through grade
levels that match the child age. If a child was given a problem
solving task, then the child will learn how to solve problems and
vice versa. Fortunately, children who are not given the chance to
learn how to think about problems before attending school will
ultimately catch up. In addition, to a child’s environment the
intelligence of the child’s parents has some influence on the
amount of intelligence the child is born with.
Influence of genetic intelligence, are explain by looking at
characteristics children inherit from parents. Heritability of
intelligence is between 40% and 60%. Although intelligence is
viewed as permitting people to profit from education, education
also apparently contributes to intelligence. For example,
government-funded efforts to provide preschoolers with enriched
early environment have led to measurable intellectual gains.
In conclusion, intelligence is one of the most important gifts
that someone could ever gain environmentally orgenetically,
whether intelligence being playing a musical instrument or having
and maintaining a good vocabulary.