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Thevenin: Two Loop Problem

To apply Thevenin's Theorem to the solution of the two loop problem, consider the current through resistor R2 below. Replacing the network to the left of R2 by its Thevenin equivalent simplifies the determination of I2 .

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R1 =


, R2 =


, R3 =


and voltages

V1 =

V V and 2 =


the Thevenin voltage is

since R1 and R3 form a simple voltage divider.


The Thevenin resistance is

This reduces the circuit to a single loop for which the calculated current is

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Note: To avoid dealing with so many short circuits, any resistor with value zero will default to 1 when a voltage is changed. It can be changed back to a zero value if you wish to explore the effects of short circuits. Ohms and amperes are the default units, but if you put in resistor values in kilohms, then the currents will be milliamperes.

Thvenins Theorem Circuit with Two Independent Sources

Fig. (1-27-1) - Circuit with two independent sources Solution Lets break the circuit at the load as shown in Fig. (1-27-2).

Fig. (1-27-2) - Breaking circuit at the load Now, we should find an equivalent circuit that contains only an independent voltage source in series with a resistor, as shown in Fig. (1-27-3).

Fig. (1-27-3) - The Thevenin equivalent circuit Unknowns are and . is the open circuit voltage shown in Fig. (1-27-2).

It is trivial that the current of . Therefore,

resistor is equal to the current of the current source, i.e. . The Thvenin theorem says that is the voltage across the load in the

. Please note that it is not saying that original circuit (Fig. (1-27-1)). To find the other unknown,

, we turn off independent sources and find the equivalent

resistance seen from the port, as this is an easy way to find for circuits without dependent sources. Recall that in turning independent sources off, voltage sources should be replace with short circuits and current sources with open circuits. By turning sources off, we reach at the circuit shown in Fig. (1-27-4).

Fig. (1-27-4) - Turning off the sources to find Rth The resistor is short circuited and the . Now that we have found and , we can calculate in the original circuit shown in Fig. (127-1) using the Thvenin equivalent circuit depicted in Fig. (1-27-3). It is trivial that . one is open. Therefore, their currents are zero and

We used the Thvenin Theorem to solve this circuit. A much more easier way to find use the current devision rule. The current of the current source is divided between resistors. Therefore,

here is to and

Now, replace the current source with a problem. The answers are ,

voltage source as shown below and solve the and . Please let me know how it goes

and leave me a comment if you need help

Fig (1-27-5) - Homework