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Updates to Mn/DOTs Curved Plate Bearing Assembly Design Policy and Tables

LRFD Bridge Design Workshop June 12, 2007 Keith Farquhar, P.E. Senior Bridge Engineer

Presentation Overview
Mn/DOT LRFD Bridge Design Manual Section 14 update Curved plate bearing assembly [CPBA] design criteria Design Example

Mn/DOT LRFD Bridge Design Manual Section 14


Section 14, Joints and Bearings, was updated August 2006
Updated existing bearing design guidelines Included additional bearing design guidance Improved Tables 14.7.1 through 14.7.4
CPBA standards

Added Table 14.7.5


Elastomeric bearing pad standards for expansion

Mn/DOT LRFD Bridge Design Manual Section 14


Section 14, Joints and Bearings, was updated August 2006
Clarified CPBA design procedure Revised CPBA design examples
14.8.1 Fixed bearing design example 14.8.2 Expansion bearing design example

Additional text and figures added for clarification

Mn/DOT Standard Bearings


Tables 14.7.1 through 14.7.5 represent a standard Mn/DOT bearing design
CPBA with elastomeric pads

For designs that fall outside the limits of these tables


Perform a special design Use a pot bearing

All PC/PS I-beams and most steel beams should utilize a standard design!

Presentation Overview
Mn/DOT LRFD Bridge Design Manual Section 14 update CPBA design criteria Design Example

Elastomeric Pad Size Limitations Steel Beams


Minimum width: B = bf Maximum width: B = bf + 2 If load dictates the use of a larger pad, a special design shall be prepared

Sole Plate Size Limitations Steel Beams


Minimum length shall be no less than 6 or the length of the curved plate (G) Width shall be 2 larger than the width of the curved plate (B) Constant thickness of 1

Design Methodology Steel Plate Thickness


Use allowable stress design Maximum allowable bending stress, fs, equal to 0.55Fy
AASHTO Standard Specifications Table 10.32.1A

Design Philosophy Change


Previously, the curved plates max thickness varied from 1 to 2 7/8 Designing as a composite member allows for the use of a constant max thickness of 1 Min thickness >
> 3/4 " 1 1/4 "

minimum radius

Curved Plate Minimum Radius


AASHTO LRFD Article 14.7.1.4 limits the shear stress on a curved surface to 0.55Fy with the following equation (modified for our standard situation):

Es P D (8 Lsp) F 2
y

Curved Plate Minimum Radius


In previous editions, the following equation has been used (now found in AASHTO LRFD Section C14.7.1.4):
P 20 Lsp

0.6 ( Fy 13 )

20 P Lsp D 3 ( Fy 13 )

For D up to 25"

For D 25" to 125"

Curved Plate Minimum Radius


New equation is more conservative Adopted due to problematic history of some bearings Mn/DOT has not observed any problems with existing CPBAs when the radius is maintained 24 The commentary equations will be used for a standard bearing design Radius to be no less than 16

Material Properties Steel Plates


All steel plates shall comply with Mn/DOT Spec. 3306 except the sole plate for steel beams
Low carbon structural steel, Grade 36

Sole plate on steel beams shall be same material as the steel beam

Material Properties Steel Plates


On special designs, if radiusmin > 24 using the commentary equations with Grade 36 steel, use Grade 50 steel (Mn/DOT Spec. 3310 or equivalent) for curved plate Also, new equation for minimum radius shall be used

Mn/DOT Bridge Office CPBA Design Policy


USE A STANDARD DESIGN!!! USE THE UPDATED TABLES!!!

Presentation Overview
Mn/DOT LRFD Bridge Design Manual Section 14 update CPBA design criteria Design Example

Example Steel Beam with Expansion Bearing


24 beam flanges at the abutments Service loads:
DC = 155 kips LLmax = 148 kips LLmin = -20 kips LL does not include dynamic load allowance, IM

Expansion Length of 200

Example Steel Beam with Expansion Bearing


Step 1 Determine pad size limitations

Example Steel Beam with Expansion Bearing


Calculate maximum load
Maximum Ps = Pdl + Pll = 155 + 148 = 303 kips

Look at Table 14.7.4 Two options are available

Example Steel Beam with Expansion Bearing


Step 1 Determine pad size limitations Step 2 Select a trial bearing pad size

Example Steel Beam with Expansion Bearing


Two bearing pad sizes to choose from
A = 14, B = 24 A = 14, B = 26

Choose the smaller pad size Obtain elastomeric pad information from Table 14.7.4

Example Steel Beam with Expansion Bearing

A = 14, B = 24 Laminate Thickness = Maximum # of Laminates = 8 Shape Factor = 8.8

Example Steel Beam with Expansion Bearing


Step 1 Determine pad size limitations Step 2 Select a trial bearing pad size Step 3 Calculate minimum number of laminates required

Example Steel Beam with Expansion Bearing


Calculate the elastomer movement for shear deformation
s = 1.3TL
Use 1.3 load factor for computation of movement to determine minimum elastomer thickness T = 75F = 6.5 x 10-6 in / inF L = 200 = 2,400

s = 1.52

Example Steel Beam with Expansion Bearing


Look at Table 14.7.5 Minimum number of laminates required = 6 Maximum number of laminates = 8 6

Example Steel Beam with Expansion Bearing


Step 1 Determine pad size limitations Step 2 Select a trial bearing pad size Step 3 Calculate minimum number of laminates required Step 4 Verify minimum compressive load requirement

Example Steel Beam with Expansion Bearing


Calculate the minimum factored load
Pmin = 0.9Pdl + 1.75Pll = 0.9155 + 1.75-20 = 104.5 kips

Calculate the elastomer movement


u = 1.0TL
Use 1.0 load factor for computation of movement for the elastomeric pad minimum compressive stress check

u = 1.17

Example Steel Beam with Expansion Bearing


Calculate minimum required compressive load
Equation derived from AASHTO LRFD Article 14.7.6.4 requirements
u Pmin,Req'd. = 0.825 h A B rt hrt = 3.5 (from Table 14.7.5) Pmin,Reqd. = 92.7 kips Pmin = 104.5 kips 92.7 kips

Example Steel Beam with Expansion Bearing


Step 1 Determine pad size limitations Step 2 Select a trial bearing pad size Step 3 Calculate minimum number of laminates required Step 4 Verify minimum compressive load requirement Step 5 Size the required steel plates

Example Steel Beam with Expansion Bearing


Use standard plate sizes from Table 14.7.4
Bearing Plate: C = 16, E = 26, F = 2 Curved Plate: G = 4 , H = 1 , Min radius = 16 Sole plate: Length = 6, Width = 26, Thickness = 1

The End

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