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Secondary One Express Mathematics Chapter 1 – Factors And Multiples Teacher’s Copy Name: ______________________ Class: Date:

Secondary One Express Mathematics

Chapter 1 – Factors And Multiples

Teacher’s Copy Name: ______________________

Class:

Date: _________

Score:

=

%

  • 1.1 Primes, Prime Factorisation and Index Notation

Objectives: a)

To be able to recognize prime numbers.

b)

To be able to express a composite number as a product of prime factors

c)

To know how to represent the prime factorisation of a number in index notation

References:

Textbook 1A Chapter 1.1 page 2 Workbook Chapter 1 Discovering Maths Questions Bank (DMQB) Past Years O-level Examination Partial Question

Factors And Multiples

To understand the concept of factors, take a number say 12. The number can be expressed as a product of two equal or smaller whole numbers as shown below. Each of the equal or smaller whole numbers is a factor of 12.

Each of the whole numbers

1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 12 is known as the factor of 12 because 12

is divisible by each of them to give a whole number result.

   

12

=

 

1

12

12

=

2

 

6

12

=

3

4

On the reverse,

 
 

1

12

=

12

 

2

 

6

=

12

 

3

4

=

12

Secondary One Express Mathematics Chapter 1 – Factors And Multiples Teacher’s Copy Name: ______________________ Class: Date:
Secondary One Express Mathematics Chapter 1 – Factors And Multiples Teacher’s Copy Name: ______________________ Class: Date:

The whole numbers 12 is the multiple of

the whole numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 12

Secondary One Express Mathematics Chapter 1 – Factors And Multiples Teacher’s Copy Name: ______________________ Class: Date:
Secondary One Express Mathematics Chapter 1 – Factors And Multiples Teacher’s Copy Name: ______________________ Class: Date:

When a non-zero whole number is multiplied by a non-zero whole number such as 1x12, 2x6 or 3x4, the results so obtained is known as the multiple 12 of each of the whole numbers.

Read Textbook1A page 2 Example 1. Then do “Try It 1” below with the teacher. Example

Read Textbook1A page 2 Example 1. Then do “Try It 1” below with the teacher.

Example (Try It 1!) Solution:

Read Textbook1A page 2 Example 1. Then do “Try It 1” below with the teacher. Example

Prime Numbers

A prime number is a whole number greater than 1 that has only two factors, 1 and itself.

Examples of prime numbers are:

2

(2=

1

2)

3

=(3 1

3)

5

=(5 1

5)

7

=(7 1

7)

Composite Number

A composite number is a whole number greater than 1 that has more than two factors.

Examples of composite numbers are:

4

(4=

1

2

2)

6

=(6 1

 

2

3)

10

(10=

 

1

2

5)

Read Textbook1A page 2 Example 2. Then do “Try It 2” below with the teacher.

Example (Try It 2!) Solution:

Prime Factorisation Prime Factorisation is the way to express a composite number as a product of

Prime Factorisation

Prime Factorisation is the way to express a composite number as a product of prime factors only.

Read Textbook1A page 5 Example 3. Then do “Try It 3” below with the teacher.

Example “Try It 3” solution.

Prime Factorisation Prime Factorisation is the way to express a composite number as a product of

Index Notation

(Used to express the product of repeated whole numbers)

Example of index notation,

6 6

6 =6

6

index 4 6 is the index notation of 6 to the power of 4, 4 where
index
4
6
is the index notation of 6 to the power of 4,
4
where 6 is the base of the notation and 4 is the
index
base
Practice 1.1 (Classroom Work) based on Text Book Exercise 1.1 Please Do on foolscap paper Question
Practice 1.1 (Classroom Work) based on Text Book Exercise 1.1 Please Do on foolscap paper Question

Practice 1.1 (Classroom Work) based on Text Book Exercise 1.1

Please Do on foolscap paper Question 3 from page 6, Questions 4, 5, 6, 9, 11a and

  • 13 from page 7.

Your answers to be attached to this handout.

Answers to Practice 1.1

Question 3

Question 3

Question 4

Question 4
Question 5 Question 9 Question 6 Question 11a Question 13 5

Question 5

Question 5

Question 9

Question 9

Question 6

Question 6

Question 11a

Question 11a
Question 11a

Question 13

Question 13
Assignment 1.1 (To do in class and/or complete as Homework) Answer all questions Questions From Textbook

Assignment 1.1 (To do in class and/or complete as Homework) Answer all questions

Questions From Textbook Exercise 1.1

1.

Answer Question 19 from page 8

2. Answer Question 21 from page 8

Question 19 Solution

Question 19 Solution

3.

Answer Question 22 from page 8

Question 21 Solution

Question 21 Solution

Question 22 Solution

Question 22 Solution

1.

Workbook Chapter 1 Questions

4.

Assignment 1.1 (To do in class and/or complete as Homework) Answer all questions Questions From Textbook
Assignment 1.1 (To do in class and/or complete as Homework) Answer all questions Questions From Textbook

(WB CHAP 1 Q1ab)

5. 6. 7. WB CHAP 1 Q2ab WB CHAP 1 Q3ab WB CHAP 1 Q4ab Questions

5.

6.

7.

5. 6. 7. WB CHAP 1 Q2ab WB CHAP 1 Q3ab WB CHAP 1 Q4ab Questions

WB CHAP 1 Q2ab

5. 6. 7. WB CHAP 1 Q2ab WB CHAP 1 Q3ab WB CHAP 1 Q4ab Questions

WB CHAP 1 Q3ab

5. 6. 7. WB CHAP 1 Q2ab WB CHAP 1 Q3ab WB CHAP 1 Q4ab Questions

WB CHAP 1 Q4ab

Questions From Discovering Mathematics Questions Bank (DMQB)

8.

9.

5. 6. 7. WB CHAP 1 Q2ab WB CHAP 1 Q3ab WB CHAP 1 Q4ab Questions
5. 6. 7. WB CHAP 1 Q2ab WB CHAP 1 Q3ab WB CHAP 1 Q4ab Questions

DMQB CHAP 1 Q1a

DMQB CHAP 1 Q2a

10. 11. 12 DMQB CHAP 1 Q28 DMQB CHAP 1 Q30 O-Level Examination Partial Question DMQB
10. 11. 12 DMQB CHAP 1 Q28 DMQB CHAP 1 Q30 O-Level Examination Partial Question DMQB

10.

11.

12

10. 11. 12 DMQB CHAP 1 Q28 DMQB CHAP 1 Q30 O-Level Examination Partial Question DMQB

DMQB CHAP 1 Q28

10. 11. 12 DMQB CHAP 1 Q28 DMQB CHAP 1 Q30 O-Level Examination Partial Question DMQB

DMQB CHAP 1 Q30

10. 11. 12 DMQB CHAP 1 Q28 DMQB CHAP 1 Q30 O-Level Examination Partial Question DMQB

O-Level Examination Partial Question

DMQB CHAP 1 Q38

13.

Written as the product of its prime factors,

300 = 2

3

2

3

5 .

 

(a)

Write 108 as the product of its prime factor.

 

N2006P1Q8a

Solution: N2006P1Q8a

 

(a)

108 = 2

2

3

3

8