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Secondary One Express Mathematics

Chapter 1 – Factors And Multiples

Teacher’s Copy Name: ______________________

 Class: Date: _________ Score: = %
• 1.1 Primes, Prime Factorisation and Index Notation

 Objectives: a) To be able to recognize prime numbers. b) To be able to express a composite number as a product of prime factors c) To know how to represent the prime factorisation of a number in index notation References: Textbook 1A Chapter 1.1 page 2 Workbook Chapter 1 Discovering Maths Questions Bank (DMQB) Past Years O-level Examination Partial Question

Factors And Multiples

To understand the concept of factors, take a number say 12. The number can be expressed as a product of two equal or smaller whole numbers as shown below. Each of the equal or smaller whole numbers is a factor of 12.

Each of the whole numbers

1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 12 is known as the factor of 12 because 12

is divisible by each of them to give a whole number result.

On the reverse,

## 12

The whole numbers 12 is the multiple of

the whole numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 12

When a non-zero whole number is multiplied by a non-zero whole number such as 1x12, 2x6 or 3x4, the results so obtained is known as the multiple 12 of each of the whole numbers.

### Read Textbook1A page 2 Example 1. Then do “Try It 1” below with the teacher.

Example (Try It 1!) Solution:

Prime Numbers

### A prime number is a whole number greater than 1 that has only two factors, 1 and itself.

 Examples of prime numbers are: 2 (2= 1 2) 3 =(3 1 3) 5 =(5 1 5) 7 =(7 1 7)

Composite Number

### A composite number is a whole number greater than 1 that has more than two factors.

 Examples of composite numbers are: 4 (4= 1 2 2) 6 =(6 1 2 3) 10 (10= 1 2 5)

### Read Textbook1A page 2 Example 2. Then do “Try It 2” below with the teacher.

Example (Try It 2!) Solution:

Prime Factorisation

### Read Textbook1A page 5 Example 3. Then do “Try It 3” below with the teacher.

Example “Try It 3” solution.

Index Notation

(Used to express the product of repeated whole numbers)

Example of index notation,

## 6

index
4
6
is the index notation of 6 to the power of 4,
4
where 6 is the base of the notation and 4 is the
index
base

Practice 1.1 (Classroom Work) based on Text Book Exercise 1.1

Please Do on foolscap paper Question 3 from page 6, Questions 4, 5, 6, 9, 11a and

• 13 from page 7.

Question 3

Question 4

Question 5

Question 9

Question 6

Question 11a

Question 13

Assignment 1.1 (To do in class and/or complete as Homework) Answer all questions

Questions From Textbook Exercise 1.1

1.

Answer Question 19 from page 8

2. Answer Question 21 from page 8

Question 19 Solution

3.

Answer Question 22 from page 8

Question 21 Solution

Question 22 Solution

1.

Workbook Chapter 1 Questions

4.

(WB CHAP 1 Q1ab)

5.

6.

7.

WB CHAP 1 Q2ab

WB CHAP 1 Q3ab

WB CHAP 1 Q4ab

Questions From Discovering Mathematics Questions Bank (DMQB)

8.

9.

DMQB CHAP 1 Q1a

DMQB CHAP 1 Q2a

10.

11.

12

DMQB CHAP 1 Q28

DMQB CHAP 1 Q30

O-Level Examination Partial Question

DMQB CHAP 1 Q38

13.

 Written as the product of its prime factors, 300 = 2 3 2 3 5 . (a) Write 108 as the product of its prime factor. N2006P1Q8a Solution: N2006P1Q8a (a) 108 = 2 2 3 3

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