Você está na página 1de 35

Gas & Water Management

Abandoned Coal Mine Concept – Apex Energy NL

Eur IngChris Rogers

C. Eng Grad Dip(Eng) MIMMM GAICD

Consultant – CJR Management Services Pty Ltd Chief Operating Officer – Apex Energy NL

Gas & Water Management Abandoned Coal Mine Concept – Apex Energy NL Eur Ing Chris Rogers

Apex Energy NL - Disclaimer

The information in this presentation:

Is not an offer or recommendation to purchase or subscribe in securities in Apex Energy NL or to retain any securities currently being held; does not take into account the potential and current individual investment objectives or the financial situation of investors; was prepared with due care and attention and is current at the date of presentation.

This presentation contains forward looking statements that are subject to risk factors associated with the gas and energy industry. It is believed that the expectations reflected in these statements are reasonable, but they may be affected by a range of variables which could cause actual outcomes to differ materially, including but not limited to: price and currency fluctuations, geotechnical factors, drilling and production results, development progress, operating results, reserve estimates, legislative, fiscal and regulatory developments, economic and financial markets conditions, outcomes of commercial negotiations, approvals and cost estimates.

Apex Energy NL - Disclaimer The information in this presentation: Is not an offer or recommendation

Presentation Contents

Concepts are those of CJR Management Services Pty Ltd

Concepts do not necessarily reflect the views of Apex Energy NL, its Directors & Officers or any associated companies

The concepts are not subject to any planning approval processes at this time

The concepts have not been agreed to by any government agencies

Presentation Contents • Concepts are those of CJR Management Services Pty Ltd • Concepts do not

Apex Energy NL - Overview

Apex Energy NL formed in 2001

Unlisted Public company

< 50 shareholders Farmin partnership with Ormil Energy Ltd (OMX.ax) Ormil appointed Operator for Apex areas

Apex Energy NL - Overview • Apex Energy NL formed in 2001 • Unlisted Public company

PEL “Ownership”

PEL 444

PEL442

PEL442

Apex Energy NL – 80%

Sydney Basin CBM Pty Ltd – 20%

(wholly owned by Ormil Energy Ltd)

PEL “Ownership” PEL 444 PEL442 PEL442 Apex Energy NL – 80% Sydney Basin CBM Pty Ltd

Operator – Ormil Operations Pty Ltd (wholly owned by Ormil Energy Ltd)

Resource Overview

Resource Overview Multiple Coal Seams Abandoned Mines (circa 30) Goafs Multiple over many square km

Multiple Coal Seams Abandoned Mines (circa 30) Goafs

Multiple over many square km

Resource Overview Multiple Coal Seams Abandoned Mines (circa 30) Goafs Multiple over many square km
Resource Overview Multiple Coal Seams Abandoned Mines (circa 30) Goafs Multiple over many square km
Current 15 Approved Exploration Sites www.apexenergy.com.a

Current 15 Approved Exploration Sites

www.apexenergy.com.a

Resource Overview

Resource Overview km PEL444 32 PEL442 172 PEL454 168 Metropolitan 58 Huntley CCL700 19 BVC CCL740
 

km 2

PEL444

32

PEL442

172

PEL454

168

Metropolitan

58

Huntley CCL700

19

BVC CCL740

36

Total

485

Reserves/Resource

 

2P = 58 PJ 3P = 210 PJ C = 1360 PJ

Resource Overview km PEL444 32 PEL442 172 PEL454 168 Metropolitan 58 Huntley CCL700 19 BVC CCL740

113 km 2

MHA Petroleum Consultants

Coal – Circa 9 billion tonnes GIP – Circa 2.5 TCF/28.3BCM Illawarra Coal Measures
Coal – Circa 9 billion tonnes
GIP – Circa 2.5 TCF/28.3BCM
Illawarra
Coal
Measures

Becoming a Star

Becoming a Star Boston Consulting Group (BCG) Matrix How to become a star Appropriate management Appropriate

Boston Consulting Group (BCG) Matrix

How to become a star

Appropriate management

Appropriate investment

Identify and develop a

sustainable competitive

advantage (SCA)

Potential SCA for Apex

Abandoned coal mines

Extensive tunnel networks

Huge goaf areas (voids and

fracturing) Waste water/fluid management

Gas & water harvesting potential

dependant on Geology

Mining method

Water make

Gas content of coal seams

Strata characteristics

Becoming a Star Boston Consulting Group (BCG) Matrix How to become a star Appropriate management Appropriate

Abandoned Mine

Partially worked

coal Seams

Unworked coal seams

Unventilated roadways (tunnels)

Goafs

Note – if roadways are not maintained and ventilated they fill with gas, water or both. They also deteriorate and collapse.

Abandoned Mine Partially worked coal Seams Unworked coal seams Unventilated roadways (tunnels) Goafs Note – if
Abandoned Mine Partially worked coal Seams Unworked coal seams Unventilated roadways (tunnels) Goafs Note – if

What is a goaf?

A goaf is what remains after coal is extracted

The goaf may be a standing void or a void that has filled with collapsed or converged strata

The goaf incorporates any fractured zones above and below the mining horizon

Note: Goafs are also known as “gobs” or “wastes”

What is a goaf? A goaf is what remains after coal is extracted The goaf may

Why are goafs and abandoned mine working important to Apex Energy?

Readily accessible gas - 38 PJ (Rogers,08) Localised increased permeability

Lower seam gas transmission

Gas storage potential Water/fluid Management

Water extraction/recycling Waste management

Why are goafs and abandoned mine working important to Apex Energy? Readily accessible gas - 38

How is a goaf formed?

Coal is extracted by

Bord and Pillar mining with pillar extraction

Longwall Mining

There are other methods of extraction which are variations of the above.

How is a goaf formed? Coal is extracted by Bord and Pillar mining with pillar extraction

Bord & Pillar Mining with Pillar Extraction

Bord & Pillar Mining with Pillar Extraction
Bord & Pillar Mining with Pillar Extraction

Bord & Pillar Mining with Pillar Extraction

Bord & Pillar Mining with Pillar Extraction
Bord & Pillar Mining with Pillar Extraction
Bord & Pillar Mining with Pillar Extraction

Longwall Mining

Longwall Mining Goaf forms behind the powered support as the longwall advances

Goaf forms behind the powered support as the longwall advances

Longwall Mining Goaf forms behind the powered support as the longwall advances

Longwall Goaf Formation

Longwall Goaf Formation
Longwall Goaf Formation
Longwall Goaf Formation
Longwall Goaf Formation

Mining Related Stress Redistribution

Mining Related Stress Redistribution

Goaf Formation - Convergence

Goaf Formation - Convergence
Goaf Formation - Convergence

Gas Release Model (GRM)

Lunargas Pty Ltd

GAS RELEASE Strata relaxation and gas release zones % < 10 % 10 - 30% 31
GAS RELEASE
Strata relaxation and gas
release zones
%
< 10 %
10
- 30%
31
- 60%
61
- 90%
> 90%
RELAXATION
Residual
Low
Average
High
Full
LITHOLOGY – ROCKS HARDNESS
Gas Release Model (GRM) Lunargas Pty Ltd Darkes Forest Mine - PEL444 130m wide face –

Gas Release Model (GRM)

Lunargas Pty Ltd Darkes Forest Mine - PEL444

130m wide face – 75m behind face

www.apexenergy.com.a

Goaf Gas Migration Model

Goaf Gas Migration Model

Goaf System Contact Theory

Goaf System Contact Theory
Goaf System Contact Theory
Goaf System Contact Theory Goaf System Contact Theory

Darkes Forest #1 Well

Darkes Forest #1 Well Completed in 2004 at the Darkes Forest Riding School

Completed in 2004 at the Darkes Forest Riding School

Darkes Forest #1 Well Completed in 2004 at the Darkes Forest Riding School
Darkes Forest #1 Well Completed in 2004 at the Darkes Forest Riding School

PEL442/444 - Northern Illawarra

10km
10km

10km

Coalcliff – Darkes Forest

10km
10km

Darkes Forest Mine Plan

General direction of dip Maddens Fault – 25m throw – Normal Fault – Scarborough Normal Fault
General direction of dip
Maddens Fault – 25m throw –
Normal Fault
– Scarborough
Normal Fault
Fault – 50m throw
Water
Water
Water
Water
Water
Water
Water
Water
Water
Water
Water
Gas
Gas
Gas
Darkes Forest Mine Plan Water Water Water Water Water Water Water Under care and maintenance water
Darkes Forest Mine Plan
Water
Water
Water
Water
Water
Water
Water
Under care and maintenance
water was maintained at this
contour by pumping 25m 3 /hr

Up-dip Mines

Up-dip Mines
Up-dip Mines
Up-dip Mines
Up-dip Mines
Up-dip Mines

Management Issues

  • 1. Management of the environment and stakeholders

  • 2. Understand gas collection capability of mines

  • 3. Understand gas storage potential of mines

  • 4. Understand water management issues

Mine pumping to improve points 2 & 3

Waste disposal

  • 5. Understand well completion methods

Management Issues 1. Management of the environment and stakeholders 2. Understand gas collection capability of mines

Gas Management

Gas Management

Water Management

  • 1. Pump water from down dip mines to increase capacity

Water sample from Coalcliff Colliery

pH - 8.5 EC - 5.4 HCO3 as CaCO3 mg/L – 3025 Ba mg/l - 1.0 Fe mg/l - 0.4 As mg/l - 0.05

  • 2. Treat water to required standard and provide for public use

  • 3. Place waste water from drilling and production into up dip abandoned mines – use natural filtration ability of coal mines to filter water

Water Management 1. Pump water from down dip mines to increase capacity Water sample from Coalcliff

Mine Dewatering

Mine Dewatering
Mine Dewatering

Waste Management

  • 1. Waste from drilling operations and saline material from water treatment can be placed in isolated up dip coal mine voids.

Waste Management 1. Waste from drilling operations and saline material from water treatment can be placed

Sustainable Competitive Advantage

How can abandoned mines and goafs deliver SCA?

Answer 1.Efficient gas collection systems (seam contact)

Enhanced by pumping water out thereby increasing volume

2.Potential gas storage facilities

Enhanced by pumping water out thereby increasing volume

3.Enable production wells to flow continuously into storage 4.Allows for peak electricity generation

Produce stored gas on demand Enable production wells to flow continuously into storage

5.Provide water for community (win win) 6.Waste management capability (water etc)

Sustainable Competitive Advantage How can abandoned mines and goafs deliver SCA? Answer 1.Efficient gas collection systems